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A. Conduct as Members and Candidates in the CFA Program.

A. Conduct as Members and Candidates in the CFA Program.

You must not engage in any conduct that compromises the reputation or integrity of CFA Institute or the CFA designation or the integrity, validity, or security of the CFA examinations.

This standard applies to anyone who cheats, or helps other people to cheat, on the CFA examination or any other examination. Improperly using the CFA designation is also prohibited by this standard.


Melissa White, CFA, runs her own investment advisory firm and serves as a proctor for the administration of the CFA examination in her city. She receives copies of the Level II CFA examination many days before the exam day. On the evening prior to the exam, she provides information concerning the examination questions to two stressed candidates whom are also her best-performing advisors.

White and the two candidates violated the standard. Although it does not involve clients' money or an investment recommendation, White and the two members undermined the integrity and validity of the examination.
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