If the demand curve is steeper, [...] capture more of the surplus.
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Open it If the supply curve is steeper than the demand curve, more of the surplus is being captured by producers. If the demand curve is steeper, consumers capture more of the surplus.
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3.11. Total Surplus—Total Value minus Total Variable Cost n they actually received. The total value to buyers was greater than the total variable cost to sellers. The difference between those two values is called total surplus , and it is made up of the sum of consumer surplus and producer surplus. <span>Note that the way the total surplus is divided between consumers and producers depends on the steepness of the demand and supply curves. If the supply curve is steeper than the demand curve, more of the surplus is being captured by producers. If the demand curve is steeper, consumers capture more of the surplus.
In a fundamental sense, total surplus is a measure of society’s gain from the voluntary exchange of goods and services. Whenever total surplus increases, society gains. An
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