Measurements made with watt balances are paving the way to a new definition of the kilogram based upon a fixed value of the Planck constant. The Bureau International des Poids et Measures (BIPM) are developing a simultaneous moving and weighing variant of the watt balance technique, which requires a superconducting coil to reach its ultimate uncertainty. The BIPM technique has the advantage that it eliminates the requirement for extreme stability in the magnetic field employed by conventional watt balances, but requires cryogenic operation of parts of the balance to achieve a low uncertainty.
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- (no access) - Robinson - 2012 - A simultaneous moving and weighing technique for a.pdf, p2
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