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Ideally, we want the programs and data to reside in main memory permanently. This arrangement usually is not possible for the following two reasons: 1. Main memory is usually too small to store all needed programs and data permanently. 2. Main memory is a volatile storage device that loses its contents when power is turned off or otherwise lost. Thus, most computer systems provide secondary storage as an extension of main memory. The main requirement for secondary storage is that it be able to hold large quantities of data permanently. The most common secondary-storage device is a magnetic disk, which provides storage for both programs and data. Most programs (system and application) are stored on a disk until they are loaded into memory. Many programs then use the disk as both the source and the destination of their processing. Hence, the proper management of disk storage is of central importance to a computer system,
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  • owner: miller - (no access) - Abraham Silberschatz_ Peter B Galvin_ Greg Gagne -Operating system concepts-Wiley (2012).pdf, p34
  • owner: hughleat - (no access) - Abraham-Silberschatz-Operating-System-Concepts---9th2012.12.pdf, p34


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