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Embedded systems almost always run real-time operating systems.A real-time system is used when rigid time requirements have been placed on the operation of a processor or the flow of data; thus, it is often used as a control device in a dedicated application. Sensors bring data to the computer. The computer must analyze the data and possibly adjust controls to modify the sensor inputs. Systems that control scientific experiments, medical imaging systems, industrial control systems, and certain display systems are real- time systems. Some automobile-engine fuel-injection systems, home-appliance controllers, and weapon systems are also real-time systems. A real-time system has well-defined, fixed time constraints. Processing must be done within the defined constraints, or the system will fail. For instance, it would not do for a robot arm to be instructed to halt after it had smashed into the car it was building. A real-time system functions correctly only if it returns the correct result within its time constraints. Contrast this system with a time-sharing system, where it is desirable (but not mandatory) to respond quickly, or a batch system, which may have no time constraints at all
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  • owner: miller - (no access) - Abraham Silberschatz_ Peter B Galvin_ Greg Gagne -Operating system concepts-Wiley (2012).pdf, p67
  • owner: hughleat - (no access) - Abraham-Silberschatz-Operating-System-Concepts---9th2012.12.pdf, p67


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