Specific physical signs of specific liver diseases
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Some physical signs point to specific liver diseases. Kayser-Fleischer rings occur in Wilson disease and consist of a golden-brown copper pigment deposited in Descemet’s membrane at the periphery of the cornea; they are best seen by slit-lamp examination. Dupuytren con- tracture and parotid enlargement are suggestive of chronic alcoholism and alcoholic liver disease. In metastatic liver disease or primary hepatocellular carcinoma, signs of cachexia and wasting as well as firm hepatomegaly and a hepatic bruit may be prominent.