# on 10-May-2017 (Wed)

#### Flashcard 1430802271500

Tags
#cfa #cfa-level-1 #economics #microeconomics #reading-14-demand-and-supply-analysis-consumer-demand #section-3-utility-theory #study-session-4
Question
Within bundles, the first assumption we make about a given consumer’s preferences is simply that she is able to [...].
make a comparison between any two possible bundles

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Given the understanding of consumption bundles (what defines a bundle), the first assumption we make about a given consumer’s preferences is simply that she is able to make a comparison between any two possible bundles. That is, given bundles A and B, she must be able to say either that she prefers A to B, or she prefers B to A, or she is indifferentbetween the two. This is the assumption of complete

#### Original toplevel document

3. UTILITY THEORY: MODELING PREFERENCES AND TASTES
ntity of one or more of the goods. For example, bundle Amight have the same amount of all but one of the goods and services as bundle B but a different amount of that one. Bundles A and B would be considered two distinct bundles. <span>Given this understanding of consumption bundles, the first assumption we make about a given consumer’s preferences is simply that she is able to make a comparison between any two possible bundles. That is, given bundles A and B, she must be able to say either that she prefers A to B, or she prefers B to A, or she is indifferentbetween the two. This is the assumption of complete preferences (also known as the axiom of completeness), and although it does not appear to be a particularly strong assumption, it is not trivial either. It rules out the possibility that she could just say, “I recognize that the two bundles are different, but in fact they are so different that I simply cannot compare them at all.” A lov

#### Flashcard 1453686656268

Tags
#conversation-tactics
Question
the phrase “[...]” comes from, where you literally seize their spotlight by continually changing the topic of discussion back to yourself.
stealing someone’s thunder

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the phrase “stealing someone’s thunder” comes from, where you literally seize their spotlight by continually changing the topic of discussion back to yourself.

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#### Flashcard 1456860171532

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
There are no principles; there are only [...].
events

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There are no principles; there are only events.

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#### Flashcard 1479050136844

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
One emotional legacy of evolution is [...] that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger
the fear

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One emotional legacy of evolution is the fear that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger

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#### Flashcard 1480269630732

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Question
Under [...], revenue from barter transactions must be measured based on the fair value of revenue from similar non-barter transactions with unrelated parties (parties other than the barter partner).
IFRS

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3.2.3. Barter
er, and the amount of revenue can be important to a company’s valuation. In the earlier stages of e-commerce, for example, some equity valuations were based on sales (because many early internet companies reported no net income). <span>Under IFRS, revenue from barter transactions must be measured based on the fair value of revenue from similar non-barter transactions with unrelated parties (parties other than the barter partner).21 USGAAP state that revenue can be recognized at fair value only if a company has historically received cash payments for such services and can thus use this historical experience as a

#### Flashcard 1481603943692

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Question
Which inventory method is accepted by US GAAP but not by IFRS?

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4.1. General Principles
In general, a company recognizes expenses in the period that it consumes (i.e., uses up) the economic benefits associated with the expenditure, or loses some previously recognized economic benefit.28 A general principle of expen

#### Flashcard 1481605778700

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Question
Theoretically, a company should choose an inventory method linked to the [...]
physical inventory flows.

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4.1. General Principles
In general, a company recognizes expenses in the period that it consumes (i.e., uses up) the economic benefits associated with the expenditure, or loses some previously recognized economic benefit.28 A general principle of expen

#### Flashcard 1481675771148

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Question
[...] require each component of an asset to be depreciated separately and [...] doesn't.
IFRS

US GAAP

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ciation. Under the revaluation model, the asset is reported at its fair value. The revaluation model is not permitted under US GAAP. Here, we will focus only on the cost model. There are two other differences between IFRS and US GAAP to note: <span>IFRS require each component of an asset to be depreciated separately and US GAAP do not require component depreciation; and IFRS require an annual review of residual value and useful life, and US GAAP do not explicitly require such a review. The method used to compute depreciation should re

#### Original toplevel document

4.2. Issues in Expense Recognition
the amount of future expenses resulting from its warranties, to recognize an estimated warranty expense in the period of the sale, and to update the expense as indicated by experience over the life of the warranty. <span>4.2.3. Depreciation and Amortisation Companies commonly incur costs to obtain long-lived assets. Long-lived assets are assets expected to provide economic benefits over a future period of time greater than one year. Examples are land (property), plant, equipment, and intangible assets (assets lacking physical substance) such as trademarks. The costs of most long-lived assets are allocated over the period of time during which they provide economic benefits. The two main types of long-lived assets whose costs are not allocated over time are land and those intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. Depreciation is the process of systematically allocating costs of long-lived assets over the period during which the assets are expected to provide economic benefits. “Depreciation” is the term commonly applied to this process for physical long-lived assets such as plant and equipment (land is not depreciated), and amortisation is the term commonly applied to this process for intangible long-lived assets with a finite useful life.32 Examples of intangible long-lived assets with a finite useful life include an acquired mailing list, an acquired patent with a set expiration date, and an acquired copyright with a set legal life. The term “amortisation” is also commonly applied to the systematic allocation of a premium or discount relative to the face value of a fixed-income security over the life of the security. IFRS allow two alternative models for valuing property, plant, and equipment: the cost model and the revaluation model.33 Under the cost model, the depreciable amount of that asset (cost less residual value) is allocated on a systematic basis over the remaining useful life of the asset. Under the cost model, the asset is reported at its cost less any accumulated depreciation. Under the revaluation model, the asset is reported at its fair value. The revaluation model is not permitted under US GAAP. Here, we will focus only on the cost model. There are two other differences between IFRS and US GAAP to note: IFRS require each component of an asset to be depreciated separately and US GAAP do not require component depreciation; and IFRS require an annual review of residual value and useful life, and US GAAP do not explicitly require such a review. The method used to compute depreciation should reflect the pattern over which the economic benefits of the asset are expected to be consumed. IFRS do not prescribe a particular method for computing depreciation but note that several methods are commonly used, such as the straight-line method, diminishing balance method (accelerated depreciation), and the units of production method (depreciation varies depending upon production or usage). The straight-line method allocates evenly the cost of long-lived assets less estimated residual value over the estimated useful life of an asset. (The term “straight line” derives from the fact that the annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line. In addition, a plot of the cost of the asset minus the cumulative amount of annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line with a negative downward slope.) Calculating depreciation and amortisation requires two significant estimates: the estimated useful life of an asset and the estimated residual value (also known as “salvage value”) of an asset. Under IFRS, the residual value is the amount that the company expects to receive upon sale of the asset at the end of its useful life. Example 9 assumes that an item of equipment is depreciated using the straight-line method and illustrates how the annual depreciation expense varies under different estimates of the useful life and estimated residual value of an asset. As shown, annual depreciation expense is sensitive to both the estimated useful life and to the estimated residual value. <span><body><html>

#### Flashcard 1481678130444

Tags
Question
[...] require an annual review of residual value and useful life, and [...] doesn't.
IFRS

US GAAP

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US GAAP. Here, we will focus only on the cost model. There are two other differences between IFRS and US GAAP to note: IFRS require each component of an asset to be depreciated separately and US GAAP do not require component depreciation; and <span>IFRS require an annual review of residual value and useful life, and US GAAP do not explicitly require such a review. The method used to compute depreciation should reflect the pattern over which the economic benefits of the asset are expected to be consumed. IFRS do not prescribe a partic

#### Original toplevel document

4.2. Issues in Expense Recognition
the amount of future expenses resulting from its warranties, to recognize an estimated warranty expense in the period of the sale, and to update the expense as indicated by experience over the life of the warranty. <span>4.2.3. Depreciation and Amortisation Companies commonly incur costs to obtain long-lived assets. Long-lived assets are assets expected to provide economic benefits over a future period of time greater than one year. Examples are land (property), plant, equipment, and intangible assets (assets lacking physical substance) such as trademarks. The costs of most long-lived assets are allocated over the period of time during which they provide economic benefits. The two main types of long-lived assets whose costs are not allocated over time are land and those intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. Depreciation is the process of systematically allocating costs of long-lived assets over the period during which the assets are expected to provide economic benefits. “Depreciation” is the term commonly applied to this process for physical long-lived assets such as plant and equipment (land is not depreciated), and amortisation is the term commonly applied to this process for intangible long-lived assets with a finite useful life.32 Examples of intangible long-lived assets with a finite useful life include an acquired mailing list, an acquired patent with a set expiration date, and an acquired copyright with a set legal life. The term “amortisation” is also commonly applied to the systematic allocation of a premium or discount relative to the face value of a fixed-income security over the life of the security. IFRS allow two alternative models for valuing property, plant, and equipment: the cost model and the revaluation model.33 Under the cost model, the depreciable amount of that asset (cost less residual value) is allocated on a systematic basis over the remaining useful life of the asset. Under the cost model, the asset is reported at its cost less any accumulated depreciation. Under the revaluation model, the asset is reported at its fair value. The revaluation model is not permitted under US GAAP. Here, we will focus only on the cost model. There are two other differences between IFRS and US GAAP to note: IFRS require each component of an asset to be depreciated separately and US GAAP do not require component depreciation; and IFRS require an annual review of residual value and useful life, and US GAAP do not explicitly require such a review. The method used to compute depreciation should reflect the pattern over which the economic benefits of the asset are expected to be consumed. IFRS do not prescribe a particular method for computing depreciation but note that several methods are commonly used, such as the straight-line method, diminishing balance method (accelerated depreciation), and the units of production method (depreciation varies depending upon production or usage). The straight-line method allocates evenly the cost of long-lived assets less estimated residual value over the estimated useful life of an asset. (The term “straight line” derives from the fact that the annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line. In addition, a plot of the cost of the asset minus the cumulative amount of annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line with a negative downward slope.) Calculating depreciation and amortisation requires two significant estimates: the estimated useful life of an asset and the estimated residual value (also known as “salvage value”) of an asset. Under IFRS, the residual value is the amount that the company expects to receive upon sale of the asset at the end of its useful life. Example 9 assumes that an item of equipment is depreciated using the straight-line method and illustrates how the annual depreciation expense varies under different estimates of the useful life and estimated residual value of an asset. As shown, annual depreciation expense is sensitive to both the estimated useful life and to the estimated residual value. <span><body><html>

#### Flashcard 1481689926924

Tags
Question
The term “straight line” derives from the fact that the [...], if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line.
annual depreciation expense

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its of production method (depreciation varies depending upon production or usage). The straight-line method allocates evenly the cost of long-lived assets less estimated residual value over the estimated useful life of an asset. (<span>The term “straight line” derives from the fact that the annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line. In addition, a plot of the cost of the asset minus the cumulative amount of annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line with a negati

#### Original toplevel document

4.2. Issues in Expense Recognition
the amount of future expenses resulting from its warranties, to recognize an estimated warranty expense in the period of the sale, and to update the expense as indicated by experience over the life of the warranty. <span>4.2.3. Depreciation and Amortisation Companies commonly incur costs to obtain long-lived assets. Long-lived assets are assets expected to provide economic benefits over a future period of time greater than one year. Examples are land (property), plant, equipment, and intangible assets (assets lacking physical substance) such as trademarks. The costs of most long-lived assets are allocated over the period of time during which they provide economic benefits. The two main types of long-lived assets whose costs are not allocated over time are land and those intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. Depreciation is the process of systematically allocating costs of long-lived assets over the period during which the assets are expected to provide economic benefits. “Depreciation” is the term commonly applied to this process for physical long-lived assets such as plant and equipment (land is not depreciated), and amortisation is the term commonly applied to this process for intangible long-lived assets with a finite useful life.32 Examples of intangible long-lived assets with a finite useful life include an acquired mailing list, an acquired patent with a set expiration date, and an acquired copyright with a set legal life. The term “amortisation” is also commonly applied to the systematic allocation of a premium or discount relative to the face value of a fixed-income security over the life of the security. IFRS allow two alternative models for valuing property, plant, and equipment: the cost model and the revaluation model.33 Under the cost model, the depreciable amount of that asset (cost less residual value) is allocated on a systematic basis over the remaining useful life of the asset. Under the cost model, the asset is reported at its cost less any accumulated depreciation. Under the revaluation model, the asset is reported at its fair value. The revaluation model is not permitted under US GAAP. Here, we will focus only on the cost model. There are two other differences between IFRS and US GAAP to note: IFRS require each component of an asset to be depreciated separately and US GAAP do not require component depreciation; and IFRS require an annual review of residual value and useful life, and US GAAP do not explicitly require such a review. The method used to compute depreciation should reflect the pattern over which the economic benefits of the asset are expected to be consumed. IFRS do not prescribe a particular method for computing depreciation but note that several methods are commonly used, such as the straight-line method, diminishing balance method (accelerated depreciation), and the units of production method (depreciation varies depending upon production or usage). The straight-line method allocates evenly the cost of long-lived assets less estimated residual value over the estimated useful life of an asset. (The term “straight line” derives from the fact that the annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line. In addition, a plot of the cost of the asset minus the cumulative amount of annual depreciation expense, if represented as a line graph over time, would be a straight line with a negative downward slope.) Calculating depreciation and amortisation requires two significant estimates: the estimated useful life of an asset and the estimated residual value (also known as “salvage value”) of an asset. Under IFRS, the residual value is the amount that the company expects to receive upon sale of the asset at the end of its useful life. Example 9 assumes that an item of equipment is depreciated using the straight-line method and illustrates how the annual depreciation expense varies under different estimates of the useful life and estimated residual value of an asset. As shown, annual depreciation expense is sensitive to both the estimated useful life and to the estimated residual value. <span><body><html>

#### Flashcard 1481871592716

Tags
Question
An analyst can use the [...] to adjust the reported expenses so that they are on a comparable basis.
monetary effect

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4.3. Implications for Financial Analysis
al report. When possible, the monetary effect of differences in expense recognition policies and estimates can facilitate more meaningful comparisons with a single company’s historical performance or across a number of companies. <span>An analyst can use the monetary effect to adjust the reported expenses so that they are on a comparable basis. Even when the monetary effects of differences in policies and estimates cannot be calculated, it is generally possible to characterize the relative conservatism of the poli

#### Annotation 1601532202252

 De- spite the fame gained by naq¯a - id . poetry in the Umayyad era, many as- pects of it are still ambiguous. Unfortunately, many of the scholars who have dealt with such aspects have arrived at their conclusions through a rapid treatment of only some of the accounts mentioned in various classical works. A considerable number of these studies neglect other accounts that seem to reveal important data concerning many aspects of the naq¯a - id . poetry. In addition, in most cases they refrain from an- alyzing complete poems in order to support or disprove the conclusions they had extracted from the accounts. Such a method of analyzing and discussing the material at hand is insufficient. It is imperative to pe- ruse all the available accounts and to make a profound analysis of each one, since each account may shed new light on the naq¯a - id . poetry and the naq¯a - id . contests. In addition to the accounts, analyses of the po- ems themselves are very important, since they examine the reliability and credibility of the prose accounts.

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#### Annotation 1601534823692

 This article will deal with the synchronic history and methods of composition, presentation and transmission of naqaid poetry according to Abu Ubayda’s book Kitab al-naqaid: Naqaid Jarır wa-l-Farazdaq. Despite the fame gained by naqaid poetry in the Umayyad era, many aspects of it are still ambiguous. Unfortunately, many of the scholars who have dealt with such aspects have arrived at their conclusions through a rapid treatment of only some of the accounts mentioned in various classical works. A considerable number of these studies neglect other accounts that seem to reveal important data concerning many aspects of the naqaid poetry. In addition, in most cases they refrain from analyzing complete poems in order to support or disprove the conclusions they had extracted from the accounts. Such a method of analyzing and discussing the material at hand is insufficient. It is imperative to peruse all the available accounts and to make a profound analysis of each one, since each account may shed new light on the naqaid poetry and the naqaid contests. In addition to the accounts, analyses of the poems themselves are very important, since they examine the reliability and credibility of the prose accounts.

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#### Annotation 1601672187148

 The present paper discusses aspects of the naq¯a - id . poetry in its age of floresence and in its period of eclipse.

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#### Flashcard 1601673760012

Question
Why did Farazdaq compose his first poem?
Farazdaq composed his first poem, naqıda no. 31, in order to try and convince Jarır not to engage him in a poetic battle.

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#### Annotation 1601676119308

 Since their water had run out, al-Farazdaq drinks al- , Anbar¯ı’s urine and finds it as tasty and delicious as honey [NJF 33:47–57]. Some classical scholars mention this story, except for the urine drinking, and tend to believe that it really took place. 2

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#### Annotation 1601677692172

 There is a clear indication that the number of verses in this poem was expanded in a certain period and presented in al-Mirbad.

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#### Annotation 1601679265036

 Many poets used to visit the market place, with each poet having a circle (h . alaqa) in which he recited his poetry while surrounded by his audience. A certain account in Kit¯ab al-agh¯an¯ı shows that each h . alaqa had places where the audience used to sit. 4 Two or more poets sometimes had one common circle.

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#### Annotation 1601683459340

 #computation #social-choice Formally, this can be cast as a combinatorial domain where the set of binary issues is X ={X 1 ,...,X p }, with D i ={0 i , 1 i } for each i. These binary issues correspond to a set of items C ={c 1 ,...,c p }, where X i = 1 i (resp. 0 i ) means that item c i is (resp. is not) in the selection S. Because of the focus on the selection of a subset of items, we change the notational convention by denoting an alternative x ∈ A = {0 1 , 1 1 }×...×{0 p , 1 p } as a subset of issues S composed of items c i s with X i = 1 i . Thus, alternatives are elements of 2 C .

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#### Flashcard 1601685032204

Tags
#computation #social-choice
Question
How does multiwinner approval voting work_
Each voter approves as many candidates as she wants, and the winners are the k candidates approved most often.

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#### Annotation 1601687391500

 #computation #social-choice As argued by Betzler et al. (2013), finding a committee of representatives should satisfy two criteria: representativity (the composition of the committee should globally reflect the will of the voters), and accountability (each voter should be represented by a

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#### Annotation 1601688964364

 #computation #social-choice given member of the committee).

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#### Annotation 1601690537228

 #computation #social-choice In consensus recommendations, the rationale for the last step is that each user will benefit from the best option according to her own preferences (Lu and Boutilier, 2011a); in this case, the “representative” of a voter is her most preferred item in S. 6,7 The latter interpretation leads to an obvious choice for defining representative items for voters: if the set of items S is chosen, then the representative item of voter i is c ∈ S if c i c for all c ∈ C \{c}. Alternatively, we say that each agent is represented by an item in S. In committee elections, this principle is the basis of the Chamberlin and Courant multiwinner election scheme (discussed later)

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#### Annotation 1601692110092

 #computation #social-choice preferences are assumed to be separable; reformulated in terms of preference extensions, each input defines a score over single candidates, and the total score of a candidate is the sum of the scores it gets from the voters.

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#### Flashcard 1601693945100

Tags
#computation #social-choice
Question
In a multiwinner election in the context of consensus recommendation, given a set of winners S, what is the representative item c of voter i?
c ∈ S is the representative item of i if $$c_i\succ c'$$ for all c' ∈ C \{c}

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#### Flashcard 1601696304396

Tags
#computation #consensus-recommendation #multiwinner-election #social-choice
Question
What is a misrepresentation value μi,c
It represents the degree to which item c misrepresents voter i.

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#### Flashcard 1601699450124

Tags
#computation #consensus-recommendation #multiwinner-election #social-choice
Question
Let sB =$$\langle s_1, s_2,...\rangle$$be the Borda scoring vector sk = k for all k and posi(c) the position of item c in i’s preference ranking (from 1 for the most preferred item to p for the least preferred one).Define a positional misrepresentation function μ i,c for consensus recommendations.
The misrepresentation function induced by s is μ i,c = s pos i (c)

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#### Annotation 1601701285132

 Scholars have conventionally interpreted the Iwan Kisra Ode as an anti-imperial ode critical of the Abbasids in a time of decline evinced by the murder of the Caliph al-Mutawakkil and the emerging power of the Turkic guards at Samarra. This arti- cle re-examines al-Buhturi's own motives to demonstrate that an anti-imperial ode would be anathema to his interests and posits an alternative interpretation. The analysis is based on extensive Abbasid lore and a close reading of the ode. It sug- gests that the ode had the effect of redeeming the Abbasids in order to avoid civil strife in a time of dange

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#### Flashcard 1601702857996

Tags
#computation #consensus-recommendation #multiwinner-election #social-choice
Question
In the context of consensus recommendation, given a set of winners S, define egalitarian and utilitarian global misrepresentation in terms of each agent's representative item c(i), and their indvidual misrepresentation values μ i,c(i)
Formally, the global misrepresentation of assignment π is defined as:(utilitarianism: μ U (π) = $$\sum_{i\leq n}$$ μ i,c(i) ; egalitarianism: μ E (π) = $$\max_{i\leq n}$$ μ i,c(i) .

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#### Flashcard 1601706790156

Tags
#computation #consensus-recommendation #multiwinner-election #social-choice
Question
In consensus recommendation, the Chamberlin and Courant scheme...
...outputs the committee of size k that minimizes utilitarian global misrepresentation.

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#### Flashcard 1601709149452

Tags
#computation #consensus-recommendation #multiwinner-election #social-choice
Question
In consensus recommendation, when is an assignment π to a winner set S of k winners balanced?
Each candidate in S must be assigned to at least n/k voters.

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#### Flashcard 1601712295180

Tags
#computation #social-choice
Question
In consensus recommendation, given a winner set S with |S|=k, an assignment function π and utilitarian global misrepresentation μU(π), define the Monroe scheme.
Formally, the Monroe scheme selects the allocation π minimizing μU(π) subject to the constraints |π −1(s)|=n/k " for all s ∈ Range(π).

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#### Annotation 1601758694668

 #computation #social-choice Because the set of feasible subsets is generally exponentially large, finding the opti- mal subset is highly nontrivial. Brams and Potthoff (1998) were the first to discuss the computation of the Chamberlin-Courant and the Monroe voting schemes, showing that the optimal committee can be determined using integer programming. This provides a method that works in practice when the number of voters and items are small, but may not scale up well. They formulate an improved integer program for settings where the number of agents is large, but this modified integer program is still too large to be solved when the number of items is large

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#### Annotation 1601760267532

 #computation #social-choice it is an open issue whether for all k there exists a profile for which the smallest Condorcet winning set has size k

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#### Annotation 1601764723980

 On Tuesday, U.S. President Donald Trump dismissed James Comey from his position as head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Officially, Comey was fired for mishandlingformer presidential candidate Hillary Clinton's alleged misuse of private email servers, but Senate Democrats and the ACLU have raised concerns over whether the real reason may have been that Comey was leading the investigation into the Trump campaign's alleged ties to Russia and possible tampering with the election that placed Trump in high office.

Wikinews, the free news source
• Newsroom • Mission statement • Report breaking news • Donate Audio Wikinews • Social networking • Chat • Best of Wikinews [imagelink] President Trump fires FBI Director James Comey, raising questions about Russia investigation <span>On Tuesday, U.S. President Donald Trump dismissed James Comey from his position as head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Officially, Comey was fired for mishandlingformer presidential candidate Hillary Clinton's alleged misuse of private email servers, but Senate Democrats and the ACLU have raised concerns over whether the real reason may have been that Comey was leading the investigation into the Trump campaign's alleged ties to Russia and possible tampering with the election that placed Trump in high office. [ML] [ ± ] - Image credit - Read more... Latest news [imagelink] [imagelink] [imagelink] [imagelink] [imagelink] ± President Trump fires FBI Director James Comey, raising qu

#### Flashcard 1601766821132

Question
On Tuesday, U.S. President Donald Trump dismissed [...] from his position as head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Officially, Comey was fired for mishandlingformer presidential candidate Hillary Clinton's alleged misuse of private email servers, but Senate Democrats and the ACLU have raised concerns over whether the real reason may have been that Comey was leading the investigation into the Trump campaign's alleged ties to Russia and possible tampering with the election that placed Trump in high office.
James Comey

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Wikinews, the free news source
• Newsroom • Mission statement • Report breaking news • Donate Audio Wikinews • Social networking • Chat • Best of Wikinews [imagelink] President Trump fires FBI Director James Comey, raising questions about Russia investigation <span>On Tuesday, U.S. President Donald Trump dismissed James Comey from his position as head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Officially, Comey was fired for mishandlingformer presidential candidate Hillary Clinton's alleged misuse of private email servers, but Senate Democrats and the ACLU have raised concerns over whether the real reason may have been that Comey was leading the investigation into the Trump campaign's alleged ties to Russia and possible tampering with the election that placed Trump in high office. [ML] [ ± ] - Image credit - Read more... Latest news [imagelink] [imagelink] [imagelink] [imagelink] [imagelink] ± President Trump fires FBI Director James Comey, raising qu

#### Flashcard 1601771801868

Question
On Sunday, En Marche! candidate [...] won the second round 2017 French Presidential election, winning about [...] percent of the votes, defeating Front national 's Marine Le Pen with the final result declared yesterday. Winning the race with a significant vote difference, Marcon tweeted, "Everyone told us that it was impossible. But they did not know France!"