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Flashcard 1435696237836

Tags
#means-of-communication #sister-miriam-joseph #the-function-of-language #trivium
Question
Even though imitation is a clear means of communication, it is limited, difficult , slow, and unable to express [...] of things.
Answer
the essences

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Even though imitation is a clear means of communication, it is limited, difficult , slow, and unable to express the essences of things. Imagine picture writing your next letter to a friend. Within limits, however, imitation is a vivid and effective mode of communicat ion.

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Flashcard 1438424370444

Tags
#analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #reading-35-capital-budgeting #study-session-10
Question
The capital budgeting post-audit process involves

(1) comparison of actual results to forecast results, and

(2) [...] .
Answer
explanation of why the two differ

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Independent versus mutually exclusive projects. Mutually exclusive projects are investments that compete in some way for a company's resources - a firm can select one or another but not both. Independent projects, on the other hand, do not compete for the firm's resources. A company can select one or the other or both, so long

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Subject 2. Basic Principles of Capital Budgeting
In a non-conventional cash flow pattern, the initial outflow can be followed by inflows and/or outflows. <span>Some project interactions: Independent versus mutually exclusive projects. Mutually exclusive projects are investments that compete in some way for a company's resources - a firm can select one or another but not both. Independent projects, on the other hand, do not compete for the firm's resources. A company can select one or the other or both, so long as minimum profitability thresholds are met. Project sequencing. How does one sequence multiple projects over time, since investing in project B may depend on the result of investing in project A? Unlimited funds versus capital rationing. Capital rationing occurs when management places a constraint on the size of the firm's capital budget during a particular period. In such situations, capital is scarce and should be allocated to the projects most likely to maximize the firm's aggregate NPV. The firm's capital budget and cost of capital must be determined simultaneously to best allocate the firm's capital. On the other hand, a firm can raise the funds it wants for all profitable projects simply by paying the required rate of return. Learning Outcome Statements b. describe the basic principles of capital budgeting; c. explain how the evaluat







Flashcard 1644299422988

Tags
#reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question
The mean tells us where returns are centered but, to completely understand an investment, we also need to know how returns are [...]
Answer
dispersed around the mean.

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In rivalry with the Peoples Republic on the mainland is the Nationalist government on Taiwan, each disputing the others claim of constituting the legal government of China.
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Taiwan, or Formosa (“beautiful” in Portuguese), lies about i〇〇 miles east of the Asian continent and 695 miles south of Japan. The island measures 240 miles long and 98 miles wide at its broadest points, covering an area of 13,844 square miles—larger than the Netherlands, a trifle smaller than Switzerland, and about the size of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut combined.
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Ceded to Japan by the Ch'ing dynasty after the war of 1894-95, Taiwan was restored to China in 1945 in accordance with the terms of the 1943 Cairo Declaration and the 1945 Potsdam Proclamation in which the Allies pledged to return Manchuria, Formosa and the Pescadores to China after the defeat of Japan.
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With the rapid deterioration of the Nationalists military situation in China toward the end of 1948, Chiang Kai-shek looked to Taiwan as a refuge.
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In preparation for this eventuality, he appointed General Chen Ch'eng, a confidant, governor of Taiwan on December 29, 1948.
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Flashcard 1652546735372

Question
In rivalry with the Peoples Republic on the mainland is the Nationalist government on Taiwan, each disputing the others claim of constituting the legal government of China.
Answer
[default - edit me]

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In rivalry with the Peoples Republic on the mainland is the Nationalist government on Taiwan, each disputing the others claim of constituting the legal government of China.

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Ambulatory pH impedance testing while not taking a proton pump inhibitor is useful in patients who have atypical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux to determine if reflux is the cause of the symptoms; it is also useful in patients who are symptomatic while on a proton pump inhibitor to determine if there is continued acid exposure.
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Flashcard 1652572687628

Question
[...] testing while not taking a proton pump inhibitor is useful in patients who have atypical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux to determine if reflux is the cause of the symptoms; it is also useful in patients who are symptomatic while on a proton pump inhibitor to determine if there is continued acid exposure.
Answer
Ambulatory pH impedance

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Ambulatory pH impedance testing while not taking a proton pump inhibitor is useful in patients who have atypical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux to determine if reflux is the cause of the symptoms; it i

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The finding of continued acid exposure despite the proper dose and use of a PPI is most helpful in patients considering GERD surgery (fundoplication).
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Flashcard 1652575833356

Question
The finding of continued acid exposure despite the proper dose and use of a PPI is most helpful in patients considering GERD [...].
Answer
surgery (fundoplication)

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The finding of continued acid exposure despite the proper dose and use of a PPI is most helpful in patients considering GERD surgery (fundoplication).

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Ambulatory pH impedance monitoring can be done with a pH catheter over 24 hours or with an endoscopically placed wireless transmitter over 48 hours.
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Flashcard 1652578979084

Question
Ambulatory pH impedance monitoring can be done with a pH catheter over [...] hours or with an endoscopically placed wireless transmitter over 48 hours.
Answer
24

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Ambulatory pH impedance monitoring can be done with a pH catheter over 24 hours or with an endoscopically placed wireless transmitter over 48 hours.

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Flashcard 1652580551948

Question
Ambulatory pH impedance monitoring can be done with a pH catheter over 24 hours or with an endoscopically placed [...] hours.
Answer
wireless transmitter over 48

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Ambulatory pH impedance monitoring can be done with a pH catheter over 24 hours or with an endoscopically placed wireless transmitter over 48 hours.

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A barium esophagogram would be the appropriate test for evaluation of dysphagia.
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Flashcard 1652586319116

Question
A barium esophagogram would be the appropriate test for evaluation of [...].
Answer
dysphagia

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A barium esophagogram would be the appropriate test for evaluation of dysphagia.

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Esophageal manometry measures the pressure levels in the esophagus and is useful in evaluating esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia.
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Flashcard 1652589464844

Question
[...] measures the pressure levels in the esophagus and is useful in evaluating esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia.
Answer
Esophageal manometry

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Esophageal manometry measures the pressure levels in the esophagus and is useful in evaluating esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia.

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Fundoplication may be considered for patients with refractory GERD
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Flashcard 1652592610572

Question
[...] may be considered for patients with refractory GERD
Answer
Fundoplication

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Fundoplication may be considered for patients with refractory GERD

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The most likely diagnosis is lymphocytic colitis, a form of microscopic colitis. Microscopic colitis (MC) accounts for 10% to 15% of patients with chronic, watery diarrhea. In contrast to inflammatory bowel disease, MC is more common in older persons and does not cause endoscopically visible inflammation.
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Flashcard 1652596018444

Question
The most likely diagnosis is lymphocytic colitis, a form of microscopic colitis. Microscopic colitis (MC) accounts for 10% to 15% of patients with chronic, watery diarrhea. In contrast to inflammatory bowel disease, MC is more common in [...] persons and does not cause endoscopically visible inflammation.
Answer
older

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an>The most likely diagnosis is lymphocytic colitis, a form of microscopic colitis. Microscopic colitis (MC) accounts for 10% to 15% of patients with chronic, watery diarrhea. In contrast to inflammatory bowel disease, MC is more common in <span>older persons and does not cause endoscopically visible inflammation.<span><body><html>

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The symptoms of microscopic colitis MC are similar to other chronic causes of nonbloody diarrhea, such as celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome; therefore, colonic mucosal biopsies are required for diagnosis.
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Flashcard 1652599950604

Question
The symptoms of microscopic colitis MC are similar to other chronic causes of nonbloody diarrhea, such as celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome; therefore, colonic [...] are required for diagnosis.
Answer
mucosal biopsies

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The symptoms of microscopic colitis MC are similar to other chronic causes of nonbloody diarrhea, such as celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome; therefore, colonic mucosal biopsies are required for diagnosis.

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Lymphocytic and collagenous colitis are the two subtypes of microscopic colitis MC, and they are distinguishable only by histology
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The diagnosis of microscopic colitis MC is made by histologic evaluation of colonic biopsies; the classic finding is intraepithelial lymphocytosis (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes may be less pronounced than in lymphocytic colitis, and the main histologic feature is thickening of the subepithelial collagen band (usually >10 µm)
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Flashcard 1652606242060

Question
The diagnosis of microscopic colitis MC is made by [...]; the classic finding is intraepithelial lymphocytosis (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes may be less pronounced than in lymphocytic colitis, and the main histologic feature is thickening of the subepithelial collagen band (usually >10 µm)
Answer
histologic evaluation of colonic biopsies

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The diagnosis of microscopic colitis MC is made by histologic evaluation of colonic biopsies; the classic finding is intraepithelial lymphocytosis (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes

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Flashcard 1652607814924

Question
The diagnosis of microscopic colitis MC is made by histologic evaluation of colonic biopsies; the classic finding is [...] (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes may be less pronounced than in lymphocytic colitis, and the main histologic feature is thickening of the subepithelial collagen band (usually >10 µm)
Answer
intraepithelial lymphocytosis

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The diagnosis of microscopic colitis MC is made by histologic evaluation of colonic biopsies; the classic finding is intraepithelial lymphocytosis (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes may be less pronounced than in lymphocytic colitis, an

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Flashcard 1652609387788

Question
The diagnosis of microscopic colitis MC is made by histologic evaluation of colonic biopsies; the classic finding is intraepithelial lymphocytosis (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes may be less pronounced than in lymphocytic colitis, and the main histologic feature is [...] (usually >10 µm)
Answer
thickening of the subepithelial collagen band

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epithelial lymphocytosis (>20 intraepithelial lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells). In collagenous colitis, the increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes may be less pronounced than in lymphocytic colitis, and the main histologic feature is <span>thickening of the subepithelial collagen band (usually >10 µm)<span><body><html>

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Risk factors for C. difficile infection include use of antibiotics or chemotherapeutic agents in the 8 weeks preceding infection because this causes alterations in enteric flora that allow bacterial overgrowth and toxin production.
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Flashcard 1652612533516

Question
Risk factors for C. difficile infection include use of antibiotics or chemotherapeutic agents in the [...] weeks preceding infection because this causes alterations in enteric flora that allow bacterial overgrowth and toxin production.
Answer
8

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Risk factors for C. difficile infection include use of antibiotics or chemotherapeutic agents in the 8 weeks preceding infection because this causes alterations in enteric flora that allow bacterial overgrowth and toxin production.

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Flashcard 1652614106380

Question
Risk factors for C. difficile infection include use of antibiotics or chemotherapeutic agents in the 8 weeks preceding infection because this causes [...]
Answer
alterations in enteric flora that allow bacterial overgrowth and toxin production.

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Risk factors for C. difficile infection include use of antibiotics or chemotherapeutic agents in the 8 weeks preceding infection because this causes alterations in enteric flora that allow bacterial overgrowth and toxin production.

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