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#differential-equations

In mathematics, a **partial differential equation** (**PDE**) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives. (A special case is ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which deal with functions of a single variable and their derivatives.)

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Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search [imagelink] A visualisation of a solution to the two-dimensional heat equation with temperature represented by the third dimension <span>In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives. (A special case is ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which deal with functions of a single variable and their derivatives.) PDEs are used to formulate problems involving functions of several variables, and are either solved by hand, or used to create a relevant computer model. PDEs can be used to describe

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#differential-equations

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Answer

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In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives. (A special case is ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which deal with functi

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search [imagelink] A visualisation of a solution to the two-dimensional heat equation with temperature represented by the third dimension <span>In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives. (A special case is ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which deal with functions of a single variable and their derivatives.) PDEs are used to formulate problems involving functions of several variables, and are either solved by hand, or used to create a relevant computer model. PDEs can be used to describe

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#differential-equations

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In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives. (A special case is ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which deal with functions of a single variable and their derivatives.)

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search [imagelink] A visualisation of a solution to the two-dimensional heat equation with temperature represented by the third dimension <span>In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a differential equation that contains unknown multivariable functions and their partial derivatives. (A special case is ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which deal with functions of a single variable and their derivatives.) PDEs are used to formulate problems involving functions of several variables, and are either solved by hand, or used to create a relevant computer model. PDEs can be used to describe

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#linear-state-space-models

Question

the **[...]** distribution is specialized to \(N(0,I)\)

Answer

shock

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The primitives of the model are the matrices A , C , G A,C,G A, C, G shock distribution, which we have specialized to N ( 0 , I ) N(0,I) N(0,I) the distribution of the initial condition x 0 x0 x_0 , which we have set to N ( μ 0 , Σ 0 )

#history

The rulers commonly known as the "**Five Good Emperors**" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius.^{[4]} The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503:

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y his biological son, Commodus. [imagelink] Antoninus Pius [imagelink] Marcus Aurelius [imagelink] Lucius Verus [imagelink] Commodus Five Good Emperors[edit source] <span>The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: From the study of this history we may also learn how a good government is to be established; for while all the emperors who succeeded to the throne by birth, except Titus, were bad,

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#history

Question

The term "**Five Good Emperors**" was coined based on what [...] said

Answer

Niccolò Machiavelli

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ad><head> The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: <html>

y his biological son, Commodus. [imagelink] Antoninus Pius [imagelink] Marcus Aurelius [imagelink] Lucius Verus [imagelink] Commodus Five Good Emperors[edit source] <span>The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: From the study of this history we may also learn how a good government is to be established; for while all the emperors who succeeded to the throne by birth, except Titus, were bad,

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#history

Question

The term "**Five Good Emperors**" was coined based on what Niccolò Machiavelli said in **[...]** :

Answer

1503

*Idealism of Gibbon*

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ad><head> The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: <html>

y his biological son, Commodus. [imagelink] Antoninus Pius [imagelink] Marcus Aurelius [imagelink] Lucius Verus [imagelink] Commodus Five Good Emperors[edit source] <span>The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: From the study of this history we may also learn how a good government is to be established; for while all the emperors who succeeded to the throne by birth, except Titus, were bad,

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#jaynes #plausible-reasoning

Question

We expect plausible reasoning to have no contradictions and be able to determine the plausibility of [...]

Answer

any unique extension of logic

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We expect plausible reasoning to have no contradictions and be able to determine any unique extension of logic

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#jaynes #plausible-reasoning

Question

Saying at least one proposition is true \( A + B \) is the same as **[...]**

Answer

denying both are false \( \overline{ \bar{A} \bar{B} } \)

*The duality property*

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The duality property shows the logic disjunction A+B is the same as denying that they are both false A¯B¯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯

#mathematical-structures

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ml> In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. <html>

st of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. In category theory, morphism is a broadly similar idea, but somewhat more abstract: the mathematical objects involved need not be sets, and the relationship between them may be someth

#mathematical-structures

in linear algebra morphisms are linear transformations

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In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; <span>in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. <span><body><html>

st of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. In category theory, morphism is a broadly similar idea, but somewhat more abstract: the mathematical objects involved need not be sets, and the relationship between them may be someth

#mathematical-structures

in topology morphisms are continuous functions

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erving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; <span>in topology, continuous functions, and so on. <span><body><html>

st of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. In category theory, morphism is a broadly similar idea, but somewhat more abstract: the mathematical objects involved need not be sets, and the relationship between them may be someth

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In set theory morphisms are functions

st of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. In category theory, morphism is a broadly similar idea, but somewhat more abstract: the mathematical objects involved need not be sets, and the relationship between them may be someth

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in linear algebra morphisms are linear transformations

st of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. In category theory, morphism is a broadly similar idea, but somewhat more abstract: the mathematical objects involved need not be sets, and the relationship between them may be someth

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in topology morphisms are continuous functions

st of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>In many fields of mathematics, morphism refers to a structure-preserving map from one mathematical structure to another. The notion of morphism recurs in much of contemporary mathematics. In set theory, morphisms are functions; in linear algebra, linear transformations; in group theory, group homomorphisms; in topology, continuous functions, and so on. In category theory, morphism is a broadly similar idea, but somewhat more abstract: the mathematical objects involved need not be sets, and the relationship between them may be someth

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#shell

Question

Clears everything on current line **[...]**

Answer

Ctrl + Q

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on. This also works for most text input fields system wide. Netbeans being one exception Ctrl + E Go to the end of the line you are currently typing on. This also works for most text input fields system wide. Netbeans being one exception <span>Ctrl + Q Clears everything on current line Ctrl + L Clears the Screen Cmd + K Clears the Screen Ctrl + U Cut everything backwards to beginning of line Ctrl + K Cut everything forward to end of line Ctrl + W Cut one word backward

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#shell

Question

Paste whatever was cut by the last cut command **[...]**

Answer

Ctrl + Y

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erything on current line Ctrl + L Clears the Screen Cmd + K Clears the Screen Ctrl + U Cut everything backwards to beginning of line Ctrl + K Cut everything forward to end of line Ctrl + W Cut one word backwards using white space as delimiter <span>Ctrl + Y Paste whatever was cut by the last cut command Ctrl + H Same as backspace Ctrl + C Kill whatever you are running Ctrl + D Exit the current shell when no process is running, or send EOF to a the running process Ctrl + Z Puts whatever

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#conda

Question

Search for a package to see if it is available to conda install **[...]**

Answer

`conda search beautiful-soup`

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nels pandas Add a new value to channels so conda looks for packages in this location Managing Packages, Including Python conda list View list of packages and versions installed in active environment <span>conda search beautiful-soup Search for a package to see if it is available to conda install conda install -n bunnies beautiful-soup Install a new package NOTE: If you do not include the name of the environment, it will install in the current active environm

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#conda

Question

Update a package in the current environment **[...]**

Answer

`conda update beautiful-soup`

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e to see if it is available to conda install conda install -n bunnies beautiful-soup Install a new package NOTE: If you do not include the name of the environment, it will install in the current active environment. <span>conda update beautiful-soup Update a package in the current environment conda search --override-channels -c pandas bottleneck Search for a package in a specific location (the pandas channel on Anaconda.org) conda install -c pandas bo

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#vim

Question

- move down half a page **[...]**

Answer

`Ctrl+d`

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- jump backward by words (punctuation considered words) B - jump backward by words (no punctuation) 0 - (zero) start of line ^ - first non-blank character of line (same as 0w) $ - end of line Advanced (in order of what I find useful) <span>Ctrl+d - move down half a page Ctrl+u - move up half a page } - go forward by paragraph (the next blank line) { - go backward by paragraph (the next blank line) gg - go to the top of the page G - go the bottom o

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#vim

Question

- move up half a page **[...]**

Answer

`Ctrl+u`

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nsidered words) B - jump backward by words (no punctuation) 0 - (zero) start of line ^ - first non-blank character of line (same as 0w) $ - end of line Advanced (in order of what I find useful) Ctrl+d - move down half a page <span>Ctrl+u - move up half a page } - go forward by paragraph (the next blank line) { - go backward by paragraph (the next blank line) gg - go to the top of the page G - go the bottom of the page : [num] [enter] -

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#vim

Question

- starts linewise visual mode **[...]**

Answer

`V`

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ine Advanced J - join line below to the current one ##Marking text (visual mode) v - starts visual mode From here you can move around as in normal mode (hjkl, etc.) and can then do a command (such as y , d , or c ) <span>V - starts linewise visual mode Ctrl+v - start visual block mode Esc or Ctrl+[ - exit visual mode Advanced O - move to Other corner of block o - move to other end of marked area ##Visual commands Typ

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#vim

Question

- start visual block mode **[...]**

Answer

`Ctrl+v`

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w to the current one ##Marking text (visual mode) v - starts visual mode From here you can move around as in normal mode (hjkl, etc.) and can then do a command (such as y , d , or c ) V - starts linewise visual mode <span>Ctrl+v - start visual block mode Esc or Ctrl+[ - exit visual mode Advanced O - move to Other corner of block o - move to other end of marked area ##Visual commands Type any of these while some text is

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clavata (Pers.) Kuntze (1891) Gomphus clavatus [imagelink] Mycological characteristics ridges on hymenium cap is infundibuliform hymenium is decurrent stipe is bare spore print is yellow ecology is mycorrhizal edibility: edible <span>Gomphus clavatus, commonly known as pig's ears or the violet chanterelle, is an edible species of fungus in the genus Gomphus native to Eurasia and North America. The fruit body is vase- or fan-shaped with wavy edges to its rim, and grows up to 15 cm (6 in) wide and 17 cm (6 3 ⁄ 4 in) tall. The upper surface or cap is orangish-brown to lilac, w

#has-images

Gomphus clavatus |
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[imagelink] |

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Gomphus clavatus - Wikipedia [imagelink] Gomphus clavatus From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Gomphus clavatus [imagelink] Scientific classification [imagelink] Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Gomphales Family: Gomphaceae Genus: Gomphus Species: G. clavatus Bi

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Basal ganglia on underneath view of brain Details Part of Cerebrum Identifiers Latin nuclei basales MeSH D001479 NeuroNames 224, 2677 NeuroLex ID birnlex_826 TA A14.1.09.501 FMA 84013 Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy [edit on Wikidata] <span>The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) is a group of subcortical nuclei, of varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates including humans, which are situated at the base of the forebrain. Basal ganglia are strongly interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, as well as several other brain areas. The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of fun

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3 Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy [edit on Wikidata] The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) is a group of subcortical nuclei, of varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates including humans, which are situated at the base of the forebrain. <span>Basal ganglia are strongly interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, as well as several other brain areas. The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions including: control of voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviors or "habits" such as teeth

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varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates including humans, which are situated at the base of the forebrain. Basal ganglia are strongly interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, as well as several other brain areas. <span>The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions including: control of voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviors or "habits" such as teeth grinding, eye movements, cognition, [1] and emotion. [2] The main components of the basal ganglia – as defined functionally – are the striatum; both dorsal striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen) and ventral striatum (nucleus accumbens and o

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#vim

Question

- go forward to the next blank line **[...]**

Answer

`}`

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words (no punctuation) 0 - (zero) start of line ^ - first non-blank character of line (same as 0w) $ - end of line Advanced (in order of what I find useful) Ctrl+d - move down half a page Ctrl+u - move up half a page <span>} - go forward by paragraph (the next blank line) { - go backward by paragraph (the next blank line) gg - go to the top of the page G - go the bottom of the page : [num] [enter] - Go To that line in the document Searching

Tags

#vim

Question

- go backward to the next blank line **[...]**

Answer

`{`

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non-blank character of line (same as 0w) $ - end of line Advanced (in order of what I find useful) Ctrl+d - move down half a page Ctrl+u - move up half a page } - go forward by paragraph (the next blank line) <span>{ - go backward by paragraph (the next blank line) gg - go to the top of the page G - go the bottom of the page : [num] [enter] - Go To that line in the document Searching f [char] - Move to the next char on the current lin

#economia #mises

Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer.

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Nota do Editor O artigo a seguir foi publicado originalmente em maio do ano passado. Nele, havia previsões sobre qual seria o comportamento da nova equipe econômica. <span>Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer. O artigo previu, dentre várias outras coisas, que estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos. E

Tags

#economia #mises

Question

Saíam os [tipo de economistas] comandados por Dilma e entravam os **[**tipo de economistas**]** comandados por Temer.

Answer

pós-keynesianos heterodoxos

neokeynesianos ortodoxos

neokeynesianos ortodoxos

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Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer.

Nota do Editor O artigo a seguir foi publicado originalmente em maio do ano passado. Nele, havia previsões sobre qual seria o comportamento da nova equipe econômica. <span>Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer. O artigo previu, dentre várias outras coisas, que estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos. E

estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos
atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos.

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ria o comportamento da nova equipe econômica. Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer. O artigo previu, dentre várias outras coisas, que <span>estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos. E o que houve? Tudo indica que, amanhã, o governo federal anunciará um pacote de aumento de impostos. Esta é uma solução típica dos economistas convencionais

Tags

#economia #mises

Question

estes [tipo de economistas] atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos.

Answer

neokeynesianos ortodoxos

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estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos.

ria o comportamento da nova equipe econômica. Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer. O artigo previu, dentre várias outras coisas, que <span>estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos. E o que houve? Tudo indica que, amanhã, o governo federal anunciará um pacote de aumento de impostos. Esta é uma solução típica dos economistas convencionais

Tags

#economia #mises

Question

estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da [...] de impostos.

Answer

elevação

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estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos.

ria o comportamento da nova equipe econômica. Saíam os pós-keynesianos heterodoxos comandados por Dilma e entravam os neokeynesianos ortodoxos comandados por Temer. O artigo previu, dentre várias outras coisas, que <span>estes neokeynesianos ortodoxos atacariam o déficit fiscal por meio da elevação de impostos. E o que houve? Tudo indica que, amanhã, o governo federal anunciará um pacote de aumento de impostos. Esta é uma solução típica dos economistas convencionais

#economia #mises

Não estando submetido ao teste do
mercado, o ente público não tem como saber no que gastar, onde gastar, quanto
gastar nem quando gastar. Somente empresas utilizando recursos escassos,
sujeitas ao sistema de preços do mercado, e competindo pela clientela têm
capacidade de tomar decisões racionais de modo a alocar o capital da forma mais
eficiente possível.

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t;eficiente" dos impostos. O que nos leva ao próximo tópico. Despesa e gestão pública: o estado está sempre em uma posição de total cegueira quanto à demanda pelos seus serviços ou atribuições constitucionais. <span>Não estando submetido ao teste do mercado, o ente público não tem como saber no que gastar, onde gastar, quanto gastar nem quando gastar. Somente empresas utilizando recursos escassos, sujeitas ao sistema de preços do mercado, e competindo pela clientela têm capacidade de tomar decisões racionais de modo a alocar o capital da forma mais eficiente possível. A despesa pública, em total contraste, é uma decisão altamente arbitrária; o voto democrático pode, na melhor das hipóteses, apenas influenciar a destinação do

#economia #mises

Se pudéssemos resumir em apenas um
princípio, afirmaríamos que a riqueza das nações tem origem nas trocas
voluntárias entre indivíduos.

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inanciamento àqueles que não precisam ou aos que jamais deveriam se endividar. Financiam-se investimentos mais arriscados e com menores taxas de retorno. Comércio internacional: qual a causa da riqueza das nações? <span>Se pudéssemos resumir em apenas um princípio, afirmaríamos que a riqueza das nações tem origem nas trocas voluntárias entre indivíduos. Onde o comércio livre e desimpedido impera, a riqueza é abundante. Onde o comércio é obstruído ou impossibilitado, a estagnação ou redução do padrão de vida é inevitável.

#economia #mises

Quanto
maior a inflação monetária, quanto mais desvalorizada é uma moeda, mais
complexo e incerto acaba sendo o cálculo econômico. Quanto mais incerto o
cálculo econômico, menos intensa é a atividade econômica, menor é a quantidade
de trocas em uma sociedade, menos riqueza é gerada.

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com relação ao poder de compra futuro da moeda, mais arriscados se tornam os investimentos, mais receosos são os empresários, pois têm mais dificuldade de prever os fluxos de caixa futuros de seus empreendimentos. <span>Quanto maior a inflação monetária, quanto mais desvalorizada é uma moeda, mais complexo e incerto acaba sendo o cálculo econômico. Quanto mais incerto o cálculo econômico, menos intensa é a atividade econômica, menor é a quantidade de trocas em uma sociedade, menos riqueza é gerada. Moeda fraca, economia fraca. Moeda forte, economia forte. E não, a desvalorização do câmbio não aumenta as exportações, muito menos eleva a competitividade de nen