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on 31-Dec-2018 (Mon)

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Manual materials handling (MMH) means moving or handling things by lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, holding, or restraining.
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Flashcard 3723880697100

Question
[...] (MMH) means moving or handling things by lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, holding, or restraining.
Answer
Manual materials handling

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Manual materials handling (MMH) means moving or handling things by lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, holding, or restraining.

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Approximately 25% of accidents reported in industry each year are related to MMH
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Flashcard 3723883318540

Question
Approximately [...]% of accidents reported in industry each year are related to MMH
Answer
25

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Approximately 25% of accidents reported in industry each year are related to MMH

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60% of overexertion injuries are due to lifting and lowering
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Flashcard 3723885939980

Question
[...]% of overexertion injuries are due to lifting and lowering
Answer
60

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60% of overexertion injuries are due to lifting and lowering

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Low-back-pain overexertion injuries with significant lost time results in less than one-third of the patients eventually returning to their previous work
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Flashcard 3723888561420

Question
Low-back-pain overexertion injuries with significant lost time results in less than [...] of the patients eventually returning to their previous work
Answer
one-third

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Low-back-pain overexertion injuries with significant lost time results in less than one-third of the patients eventually returning to their previous work

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Overexertion injuries in the U.S. occur to about 500,000 workers per year. One in every 200 workers is afflicted by such disorders
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Flashcard 3723891182860

Question
Overexertion injuries in the U.S. occur to about 500,000 workers per year. One in every [...] workers is afflicted by such disorders
Answer
200

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Overexertion injuries in the U.S. occur to about 500,000 workers per year. One in every 200 workers is afflicted by such disorders

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The 25-44 age group has the highest incidence rate
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Flashcard 3723893804300

Question
The [...] age group has the highest incidence rate
Answer
25-44

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The 25-44 age group has the highest incidence rate

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Total annual cost for back pain reaches $56 billion
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Flashcard 3723896425740

Question
Total annual cost for back pain reaches $[...] billion
Answer
56

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Total annual cost for back pain reaches $56 billion

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Chronic back pain resulting from 1. Strains and cramps in the back muscles 2. Tears in the tendons connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. Tears in the ligaments interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)
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Flashcard 3723899047180

Question
Chronic back pain resulting from 1. [...] in the back muscles 2. Tears in the tendons connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. Tears in the ligaments interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)
Answer
Strains and cramps

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Chronic back pain resulting from 1. Strains and cramps in the back muscles 2. Tears in the tendons connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. Tears in the ligaments interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)

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Flashcard 3723900095756

Question
Chronic back pain resulting from 1. Strains and cramps in the back muscles 2. [...] connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. Tears in the ligaments interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)
Answer
Tears in the tendons

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Chronic back pain resulting from 1. Strains and cramps in the back muscles 2. Tears in the tendons connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. Tears in the ligaments interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)

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Flashcard 3723901144332

Question
Chronic back pain resulting from 1. Strains and cramps in the back muscles 2. Tears in the tendons connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. [...] interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)
Answer
Tears in the ligaments

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Chronic back pain resulting from 1. Strains and cramps in the back muscles 2. Tears in the tendons connecting the back muscles to the spine, or from sprains 3. Tears in the ligaments interconnecting the vertebrae (bones of the spine)

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It is the repetition, as in manual handling, that contributes most to the occurrence of injuries
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Flashcard 3723903765772

Question
It is the [...], as in manual handling, that contributes most to the occurrence of injuries
Answer
repetition

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It is the repetition, as in manual handling, that contributes most to the occurrence of injuries

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Lifting loads over 20 kilograms results in an increased number and severity of back injuries
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Flashcard 3723906387212

Question
Lifting loads over [...] kilograms results in an increased number and severity of back injuries
Answer
20

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Lifting loads over 20 kilograms results in an increased number and severity of back injuries

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Epidemiological: – Try to derive significant trends by using historical records that may lead to injuries
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Flashcard 3723909008652

Question
[...]: – Try to derive significant trends by using historical records that may lead to injuries
Answer
Epidemiological

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Epidemiological: – Try to derive significant trends by using historical records that may lead to injuries

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Biomechanical: Upper limit – Calculating forces and moments on various body elements
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Flashcard 3723911630092

Question
[...]: Upper limit – Calculating forces and moments on various body elements
Answer
Biomechanical

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Biomechanical: Upper limit – Calculating forces and moments on various body elements

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Psychophysical: – Subjects adjust the load and characteristics in order to arrive at a setup that is acceptable to them
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Flashcard 3723914251532

Question
[...]: – Subjects adjust the load and characteristics in order to arrive at a setup that is acceptable to them
Answer
Psychophysical

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Psychophysical: – Subjects adjust the load and characteristics in order to arrive at a setup that is acceptable to them

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Ensure an adequate work/rest schedule. In extreme cases that require heavy MMH in temperatures above 30C, rest periods or light work load tasks may account for 75 percent of the work time.
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Flashcard 3723919494412

Question
Ensure an adequate work/rest schedule. In extreme cases that require heavy MMH in temperatures above [...]C, rest periods or light work load tasks may account for 75 percent of the work time.
Answer
30

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Ensure an adequate work/rest schedule. In extreme cases that require heavy MMH in temperatures above 30C, rest periods or light work load tasks may account for 75 percent of the work time.

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Flashcard 3723920542988

Question
Ensure an adequate work/rest schedule. In extreme cases that require heavy MMH in temperatures above 30C, rest periods or light work load tasks may account for [...] percent of the work time.
Answer
75

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Ensure an adequate work/rest schedule. In extreme cases that require heavy MMH in temperatures above 30C, rest periods or light work load tasks may account for 75 percent of the work time.

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Illuminate the work area for MMH tasks at the level of 200 lux.
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Flashcard 3723923164428

Question
Illuminate the work area for MMH tasks at the level of [...] lux.
Answer
200

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Illuminate the work area for MMH tasks at the level of 200 lux.

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Tolerable work conditions Do not pose known dangers to human life or health
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Flashcard 3723926310156

Question
[...] Do not pose known dangers to human life or health
Answer
Tolerable work conditions

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Tolerable work conditions Do not pose known dangers to human life or health

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Acceptable conditions People can voluntarily agree, according to current scientific knowledge and under given sociological, technological, and organizational circumstances
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Flashcard 3723928931596

Question
[...] People can voluntarily agree, according to current scientific knowledge and under given sociological, technological, and organizational circumstances
Answer
Acceptable conditions

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Acceptable conditions People can voluntarily agree, according to current scientific knowledge and under given sociological, technological, and organizational circumstances

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Optimal conditions So well adapted to human characteristics, capabilities, and desires
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Flashcard 3723931553036

Question
[...] So well adapted to human characteristics, capabilities, and desires
Answer
Optimal conditions

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Optimal conditions So well adapted to human characteristics, capabilities, and desires

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Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, the safety, well being, and performance of human beings
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Flashcard 3723934174476

Question
Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, [...], well being, and performance of human beings
Answer
the safety

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Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, the safety, well being, and performance of human beings

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Flashcard 3723935223052

Question
Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, the safety, [...], and performance of human beings
Answer
well being

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Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, the safety, well being, and performance of human beings

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Flashcard 3723936271628

Question
Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, the safety, well being, and [...] of human beings
Answer
performance

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Ergonomics’ fundamental aim is that all human-made tools, devices, equipment, machines , and environments should advance, directly or indirectly, the safety, well being, and performance of human beings

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About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)
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Flashcard 3723938893068

Question
About 400 B.C., [...] described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)
Answer
Hippocrates

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About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)

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Flashcard 3723939941644

Question
About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types ([...], dry, cold, and warm)
Answer
moist

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About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)

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Flashcard 3723940990220

Question
About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, [...], cold, and warm)
Answer
dry

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About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)

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Flashcard 3723942038796

Question
About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, [...], and warm)
Answer
cold

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About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)

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Flashcard 3723943087372

Question
About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and [...])
Answer
warm

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About 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a scheme of four body types (moist, dry, cold, and warm)

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In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, Leonardo da Vinci and Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli, and Mimar Sinan (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)
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Flashcard 3723945708812

Question
In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, [...] and Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli, and Mimar Sinan (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)
Answer
Leonardo da Vinci

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In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, Leonardo da Vinci and Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli, and Mimar Sinan (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)

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Flashcard 3723946757388

Question
In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, Leonardo da Vinci and [...], and Mimar Sinan (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)
Answer
Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli

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In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, Leonardo da Vinci and Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli, and Mimar Sinan (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)

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Flashcard 3723947805964

Question
In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, Leonardo da Vinci and Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli, and [...] (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)
Answer
Mimar Sinan

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In the 15 th and 17 th centuries, Leonardo da Vinci and Alfonso Giovanni Borrelli, and Mimar Sinan (anatomy, physiology, and equipment design)

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In the early 1800s, in France, Lavoisier, Duchenne, Amar, and Dunod researched energy capabilities of the working body
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Flashcard 3723950427404

Question
In the early 1800s, in [...], Lavoisier, Duchenne, Amar, and Dunod researched energy capabilities of the working body
Answer
France

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In the early 1800s, in France, Lavoisier, Duchenne, Amar, and Dunod researched energy capabilities of the working body

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Marey developed methods to describe human motions at work
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Flashcard 3723953048844

Question
[...] developed methods to describe human motions at work
Answer
Marey

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Marey developed methods to describe human motions at work

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Bedaux made studies to determine work payment systems
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Flashcard 3723955670284

Question
[...] made studies to determine work payment systems
Answer
Bedaux

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Bedaux made studies to determine work payment systems

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In England, the Industrial Fatigue Research Board considered theoretical and practical aspects of the human at work
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Flashcard 3723958291724

Question
In [...], the Industrial Fatigue Research Board considered theoretical and practical aspects of the human at work
Answer
England

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In England, the Industrial Fatigue Research Board considered theoretical and practical aspects of the human at work

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In Italy, Mosso constructed dynamometers and ergometers to research fatigue
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Flashcard 3723960913164

Question
In Italy, [...] constructed dynamometers and ergometers to research fatigue
Answer
Mosso

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In Italy, Mosso constructed dynamometers and ergometers to research fatigue

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In Scandinavia, Johannsson and Tigerstedt developed scientific discipline of work physiology
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Flashcard 3723963534604

Question
In [...], Johannsson and Tigerstedt developed scientific discipline of work physiology
Answer
Scandinavia

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In Scandinavia, Johannsson and Tigerstedt developed scientific discipline of work physiology

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In the U.S., Benedict and Catchcard described the efficiencies of muscular work
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Flashcard 3723966156044

Question
In [...]., Benedict and Catchcard described the efficiencies of muscular work
Answer
the U.S

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In the U.S., Benedict and Catchcard described the efficiencies of muscular work

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The physical and physiological aspects were studied mainly in Europe and the psychological and social aspects in North America
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Flashcard 3723968777484

Question
The physical and physiological aspects were studied mainly in [...] and the psychological and social aspects in North America
Answer
Europe

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The physical and physiological aspects were studied mainly in Europe and the psychological and social aspects in North America

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Flashcard 3723969826060

Question
The physical and physiological aspects were studied mainly in Europe and the psychological and social aspects in [...]
Answer
North America

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The physical and physiological aspects were studied mainly in Europe and the psychological and social aspects in North America

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Anatomy: the build of the human body
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Flashcard 3723972447500

Question
[...]: the build of the human body
Answer
Anatomy

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Anatomy: the build of the human body

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Orthopedics: the skeletal system
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Flashcard 3723975068940

Question
[...]: the skeletal system
Answer
Orthopedics

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Orthopedics: the skeletal system

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Physiology: functions and activities of the living body
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Flashcard 3723977690380

Question
[...]: functions and activities of the living body
Answer
Physiology

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Physiology: functions and activities of the living body

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Medicine: illnesses and healing
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Flashcard 3723980311820

Question
[...]: illnesses and healing
Answer
Medicine

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Medicine: illnesses and healing

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Psychology: the science of mind
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Flashcard 3723982933260

Question
[...]: the science of mind
Answer
Psychology

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Psychology: the science of mind

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Sociology: development of behavior
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Flashcard 3723985554700

Question
[...]: development of behavior
Answer
Sociology

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Sociology: development of behavior

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Anthropometry: the measuring and description of the physical dimensions of the human body
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Flashcard 3723988176140

Question
[...]: the measuring and description of the physical dimensions of the human body
Answer
Anthropometry

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Anthropometry: the measuring and description of the physical dimensions of the human body

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Biomechanics: the physical behavior of the body in mechanical terms
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Flashcard 3723990797580

Question
[...]: the physical behavior of the body in mechanical terms
Answer
Biomechanics

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Biomechanics: the physical behavior of the body in mechanical terms

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Work Physiology: people’s behavior and attitude at work
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Flashcard 3723993419020

Question
[...]: people’s behavior and attitude at work
Answer
Work Physiology

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Work Physiology: people’s behavior and attitude at work

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Human beings receive stimuli from many resources
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Flashcard 3723996564748

Question
Human beings receive [...] from many resources
Answer
stimuli

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Human beings receive stimuli from many resources

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People can sense those level of stimuli that are within the spectra to which they are sensitive
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Flashcard 3723999186188

Question
People can sense those level of stimuli that are within the [...] to which they are sensitive
Answer
spectra

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People can sense those level of stimuli that are within the spectra to which they are sensitive

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Five classic senses (vision, audition, smell, taste, and touch) are known as the exteroceptors
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Flashcard 3724001807628

Question
Five classic senses (vision, audition, smell, taste, and touch) are known as the [...]
Answer
exteroceptors

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Five classic senses (vision, audition, smell, taste, and touch) are known as the exteroceptors

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Proprioceptors are stimulated by the actions of the body itself, such as a reach or a sudden turn. They are embedded within the muscles and tendons, around the joints, and in the inner ear.
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Flashcard 3724004429068

Question
[...] are stimulated by the actions of the body itself, such as a reach or a sudden turn. They are embedded within the muscles and tendons, around the joints, and in the inner ear.
Answer
Proprioceptors

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Proprioceptors are stimulated by the actions of the body itself, such as a reach or a sudden turn. They are embedded within the muscles and tendons, around the joints, and in the inner ear. </s

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Light is visually evaluated radiant energy
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Flashcard 3724007050508

Question
[...] is visually evaluated radiant energy
Answer
Light

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Light is visually evaluated radiant energy

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People require 80% of the information through the visual channels
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Flashcard 3724009671948

Question
People require [...]% of the information through the visual channels
Answer
80

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People require 80% of the information through the visual channels

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Six muscles attach to the eyeball move the eyeball
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Flashcard 3724012293388

Question
[...] muscles attach to the eyeball move the eyeball
Answer
Six

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Six muscles attach to the eyeball move the eyeball

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Cones are highly sensitive to bright light and are used for daylight vision.
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Flashcard 3724014914828

Question
[...] are highly sensitive to bright light and are used for daylight vision.
Answer
Cones

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Cones are highly sensitive to bright light and are used for daylight vision.

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Rods are sensitive in low levels of illumination and are used for nightvision.
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Flashcard 3724017536268

Question
[...] are sensitive in low levels of illumination and are used for nightvision.
Answer
Rods

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Rods are sensitive in low levels of illumination and are used for nightvision.

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Visual Acuity: – It is the sharpness of vision
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Flashcard 3724020157708

Question
[...]: – It is the sharpness of vision
Answer
Visual Acuity

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Visual Acuity: – It is the sharpness of vision

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As an object is brought close to the eyes, after some point, the object will be seen as two objects. This point is known as the near point of accommodation.
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Flashcard 3724022779148

Question
As an object is brought close to the eyes, after some point, the object will be seen as two objects. This point is known as [...] of accommodation.
Answer
the near point

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As an object is brought close to the eyes, after some point, the object will be seen as two objects. This point is known as the near point of accommodation.

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As high as 15 to 20% of the population has some degree of color blindness
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Flashcard 3724025400588

Question
As high as [...]% of the population has some degree of color blindness
Answer
15 to 20

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As high as 15 to 20% of the population has some degree of color blindness

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Monochromats: truly colorblind people (various shades of gray)
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Flashcard 3724028022028

Question
[...]: truly colorblind people (various shades of gray)
Answer
Monochromats

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Monochromats: truly colorblind people (various shades of gray)

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Deuteranopes: lack the green catching pigment in their cones (red and green are confused
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Flashcard 3724030643468

Question
[...]: lack the green catching pigment in their cones (red and green are confused
Answer
Deuteranopes

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Deuteranopes: lack the green catching pigment in their cones (red and green are confused

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Protanopes: lack the red catching pigment (red and green are confused)
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Flashcard 3724033264908

Question
[...]: lack the red catching pigment (red and green are confused)
Answer
Protanopes

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Protanopes: lack the red catching pigment (red and green are confused)

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Tritanopes: lack the blue catching pigment (blue and green are confused)
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Flashcard 3724035886348

Question
[...]: lack the blue catching pigment (blue and green are confused)
Answer
Tritanopes

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Tritanopes: lack the blue catching pigment (blue and green are confused)

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The near point of accommodation at age 60 averages around 83 cm
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Flashcard 3724038507788

Question
The near point of accommodation at age 60 averages around [...] cm
Answer
83

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The near point of accommodation at age 60 averages around 83 cm

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The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about 555 nm, the dark-adapted eye, to 505 nm. This shift is known as the Purkinje shift, is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective absorption of wavelengths of light.
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Flashcard 3724041129228

Question
The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about [...] nm, the dark-adapted eye, to 505 nm. This shift from 555 to 505, known as the Purkinje shift, is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective absorption of wavelengths of light.
Answer
555

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The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about 555 nm, the dark-adapted eye, to 505 nm. This shift from 555 to 505, known as the Purkinje shift, is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective

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Flashcard 3724042177804

Question
The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about 555 nm, the dark-adapted eye, to [...] nm. This shift from 555 to 505, known as the Purkinje shift, is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective absorption of wavelengths of light.
Answer
505

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The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about 555 nm, the dark-adapted eye, to 505 nm. This shift from 555 to 505, known as the Purkinje shift, is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective absorption of wavelengths of lig

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Flashcard 3724045847820

Question
The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about 555 nm, the dark-adapted eye, to 505 nm. This shift is known as the [...], is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective absorption of wavelengths of light.
Answer
Purkinje shift

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The light-adapted eye is maximally sensitive to light, with a wavelength of about 555 nm, the dark-adapted eye, to 505 nm. This shift is known as the Purkinje shift, is attributed to the fact that the pigments in the rods and cones differ in their selective absorption of wavelengths of light.

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With no eye or head movements, it is estimated that human beings have a vertical visual field of about 160 degrees and a horizontal field of 208 degrees.
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Flashcard 3724048469260

Question
With no eye or head movements, it is estimated that human beings have a vertical visual field of about [...] degrees and a horizontal field of 208 degrees.
Answer
160

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With no eye or head movements, it is estimated that human beings have a vertical visual field of about 160 degrees and a horizontal field of 208 degrees.

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Flashcard 3724049517836

Question
With no eye or head movements, it is estimated that human beings have a vertical visual field of about 160 degrees and a horizontal field of [...] degrees.
Answer
208

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With no eye or head movements, it is estimated that human beings have a vertical visual field of about 160 degrees and a horizontal field of 208 degrees.

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Color is perceived well within ±62 degrees of the normal line of sight (NLS) for a horizontal visual field, ±35 degrees of NLS for a vertical visual field
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Flashcard 3724052139276

Question
Color is perceived well within ±[...] degrees of the normal line of sight (NLS) for a horizontal visual field, ±35 degrees of NLS for a vertical visual field
Answer
62

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Color is perceived well within ±62 degrees of the normal line of sight (NLS) for a horizontal visual field, ±35 degrees of NLS for a vertical visual field

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Flashcard 3724053187852

Question
Color is perceived well within ±62 degrees of the normal line of sight (NLS) for a horizontal visual field, ±[...] degrees of NLS for a vertical visual field
Answer
35

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Color is perceived well within ±62 degrees of the normal line of sight (NLS) for a horizontal visual field, ±35 degrees of NLS for a vertical visual field

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Night blindness: – Some people can not function visually at night as effectively as they can during daytime. There is some evidence that this may be due to insufficient vitamin A
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Flashcard 3724056595724

Question
Night blindness: – Some people can not function visually at night as effectively as they can during daytime. There is some evidence that this may be due to insufficient vitamin [...]
Answer
A

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Night blindness: – Some people can not function visually at night as effectively as they can during daytime. There is some evidence that this may be due to insufficient vitamin A

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When looking straight ahead at a standing posture, NLS is in general 10 to 15 degrees below the true horizontal
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Flashcard 3724059217164

Question
When looking straight ahead at a standing posture, NLS is in general [...] degrees below the true horizontal
Answer
10 to 15

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When looking straight ahead at a standing posture, NLS is in general 10 to 15 degrees below the true horizontal

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At a seated posture, NLS is 20 to 25 degrees below the horizontal.
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Flashcard 3724061838604

Question
At a seated posture, NLS is [...] degrees below the horizontal.
Answer
20 to 25

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At a seated posture, NLS is 20 to 25 degrees below the horizontal.

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Broadbent’s Filter Theory: In 1958, Broadbent proposed that the entire nervous system can be considered as a single-channel system with a limit on the amount of information that can be processed per unit time. He augmented this view by a selective filter that focuses only on a portion of the external stimuli to be processed.
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Flashcard 3724064460044

Question
[...]: In 1958, Broadbent proposed that the entire nervous system can be considered as a single-channel system with a limit on the amount of information that can be processed per unit time. He augmented this view by a selective filter that focuses only on a portion of the external stimuli to be processed.
Answer
Broadbent’s Filter Theory

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Broadbent’s Filter Theory: In 1958, Broadbent proposed that the entire nervous system can be considered as a single-channel system with a limit on the amount of information that can be processed per unit time. H

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Bills’ Blocking Theory: Human beings are limited in terms of continuous information processing. Such work must be interspersed with intervals of interruption
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Flashcard 3724067081484

Question
[...]: Human beings are limited in terms of continuous information processing. Such work must be interspersed with intervals of interruption
Answer
Bills’ Blocking Theory

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Bills’ Blocking Theory: Human beings are limited in terms of continuous information processing. Such work must be interspersed with intervals of interruption

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Donders’ Stage Model: One could measure the time required to process information based on several mental processes, including sensing, recognition, and action
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Flashcard 3724069702924

Question
[...]: One could measure the time required to process information based on several mental processes, including sensing, recognition, and action
Answer
Donders’ Stage Model

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Donders’ Stage Model: One could measure the time required to process information based on several mental processes, including sensing, recognition, and action

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Vigilance It refers to the case where a person is asked to watch for a signal of interest such as a defect on a part and make correct calls in all conditions.
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Flashcard 3724074159372

Question
[...] It refers to the case where a person is asked to watch for a signal of interest such as a defect on a part and make correct calls in all conditions.
Answer
Vigilance

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Vigilance It refers to the case where a person is asked to watch for a signal of interest such as a defect on a part and make correct calls in all conditions.

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The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minutes on a routine job.
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Flashcard 3724076780812

Question
The classical clock-watching studies of [...] after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. After the first half-hour there were significantly more signals missed The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minutes on a routine job.
Answer
Mackworth

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The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. After the first half-hour there were significantly more signals missed The human attention span seems to be limit

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Flashcard 3724077829388

Question
The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II [...] hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. After the first half-hour there were significantly more signals missed The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minutes on a routine job.
Answer
2

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The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. After the first half-hour there were significantly more signals missed The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minut

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Flashcard 3724078877964

Question
The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs [...] critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. After the first half-hour there were significantly more signals missed The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minutes on a routine job.
Answer
12

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The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. After the first half-hour there were significantly more signals missed The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minutes on a

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Flashcard 3724080712972

Question
The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. The human attention span seems to be limited to [...] minutes on a routine job.
Answer
30

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The classical clock-watching studies of Mackworth after WW-II 2 hrs 12 critical signals each half-hr at random intervals. The human attention span seems to be limited to 30 minutes on a routine job.

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Introverts are better than extroverts in vigilance performance.
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Flashcard 3724083334412

Question
Introverts are better than extroverts in [...] performance.
Answer
vigilance

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Introverts are better than extroverts in vigilance performance.

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Vigilance task performance was improved when the light level was increased from 100-10,000 lux.
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Flashcard 3724086742284

Question
Vigilance task performance was improved when the light level was increased from [...] lux.
Answer
100-10,000

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Vigilance task performance was improved when the light level was increased from 100-10,000 lux.

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An ambient temperature over 26 C increases the response time to signals
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Flashcard 3724090150156

Question
An ambient temperature over [...] C increases the response time to signals
Answer
26

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An ambient temperature over 26 C increases the response time to signals

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Selective attention refers to the situation in which a person is required to monitor multiple sources of information in order to perceive irregularities or opportunities (e.g., a driver periodically checking the gauges and dials on the dashboard while watching the road ahead).
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Flashcard 3724092771596

Question
[...] refers to the situation in which a person is required to monitor multiple sources of information in order to perceive irregularities or opportunities (e.g., a driver periodically checking the gauges and dials on the dashboard while watching the road ahead).
Answer
Selective attention

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Selective attention refers to the situation in which a person is required to monitor multiple sources of information in order to perceive irregularities or opportunities (e.g., a driver periodically checki

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Focused attention Tasks involving focused attention force the individual to cope with multiple input channels, but the difference is that the person must focus on only one channel for a sustained period of time and exclude all other stimuli (e.g., having a conversation with a friend in a crowded room full of people who are also talking).
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Flashcard 3724095393036

Question
[...] Tasks involving focused attention force the individual to cope with multiple input channels, but the difference is that the person must focus on only one channel for a sustained period of time and exclude all other stimuli (e.g., having a conversation with a friend in a crowded room full of people who are also talking).
Answer
Focused attention

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Focused attention Tasks involving focused attention force the individual to cope with multiple input channels, but the difference is that the person must focus on only one channel for a sustained period

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Divided attention allows one to focus on several tasks simultaneously while ignoring others. Time-sharing is sometimes used for this type of situation (e.g., driving a car while talking to someone on a cell phone).
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Flashcard 3724098014476

Question
[...] allows one to focus on several tasks simultaneously while ignoring others. Time-sharing is sometimes used for this type of situation (e.g., driving a car while talking to someone on a cell phone).
Answer
Divided attention

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Divided attention allows one to focus on several tasks simultaneously while ignoring others. Time-sharing is sometimes used for this type of situation (e.g., driving a car while talking to someone on a c

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Sustained attention involves a situation in which an individual must watch for a signal of interest over a relatively long period of time, and it is important to avoid missing the signal (e.g., an inspecter looking for defective products moving along a conveyor line on their way to packaging.)
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Flashcard 3724100635916

Question
[...] involves a situation in which an individual must watch for a signal of interest over a relatively long period of time, and it is important to avoid missing the signal (e.g., an inspecter looking for defective products moving along a conveyor line on their way to packaging.)
Answer
Sustained attention

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Sustained attention involves a situation in which an individual must watch for a signal of interest over a relatively long period of time, and it is important to avoid missing the signal (e.g., an inspecte

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HRV: The reduction in variability is a function of mental stress and increasing concentration to process information
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Flashcard 3724103257356

Question
[...]: The reduction in variability is a function of mental stress and increasing concentration to process information
Answer
HRV

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HRV: The reduction in variability is a function of mental stress and increasing concentration to process information

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Anthropometry deals with the measurement of the dimensions of the body and other physical characteristics
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Flashcard 3724106403084

Question
[...] deals with the measurement of the dimensions of the body and other physical characteristics
Answer
Anthropometry

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Anthropometry deals with the measurement of the dimensions of the body and other physical characteristics

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Royal cubit was used by the ancient Egyptians (1314-1197 B.C.) as a standard unit of measure
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Flashcard 3724109024524

Question
[...] was used by the ancient Egyptians (1314-1197 B.C.) as a standard unit of measure
Answer
Royal cubit

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Royal cubit was used by the ancient Egyptians (1314-1197 B.C.) as a standard unit of measure

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1 cubit = the distance from elbow to tip of the longest finger = 28 finger widths = 7 * the width of palm
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Flashcard 3724111645964

Question
1 [...] = the distance from elbow to tip of the longest finger = 28 finger widths = 7 * the width of palm
Answer
cubit

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1 cubit = the distance from elbow to tip of the longest finger = 28 finger widths = 7 * the width of palm

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14 th century – initial surveys of human body dimensions
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Flashcard 3724114267404

Question
[...] th century – initial surveys of human body dimensions
Answer
14

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14 th century – initial surveys of human body dimensions

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18 th century – complete anthropometric data
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Flashcard 3724116888844

Question
[...] th century – complete anthropometric data
Answer
18

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18 th century – complete anthropometric data

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20 th century – standardization of measurement methods
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Flashcard 3724119510284

Question
[...] th century – standardization of measurement methods
Answer
20

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20 th century – standardization of measurement methods

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Ergonomic designs must accommodate a range of user dimensions, typically from a 5th percentile woman to a 95th percentile man.
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Flashcard 3724122131724

Question
Ergonomic designs must accommodate a range of user dimensions, typically from a [...]th percentile woman to a 95th percentile man.
Answer
5

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Ergonomic designs must accommodate a range of user dimensions, typically from a 5th percentile woman to a 95th percentile man.

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Flashcard 3724123180300

Question
Ergonomic designs must accommodate a range of user dimensions, typically from a 5th percentile woman to a [...]th percentile man.
Answer
95

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Ergonomic designs must accommodate a range of user dimensions, typically from a 5th percentile woman to a 95th percentile man.

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The Morant Technique – A set of grids is used to aid in measurements
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Flashcard 3724125801740

Question
The [...] Technique – A set of grids is used to aid in measurements
Answer
Morant

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The Morant Technique – A set of grids is used to aid in measurements

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Models also exist that develop data points from recorded pictures. Three- dimensional surface models like "George" can be useful as examples of anthropometric data.
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Flashcard 3724128423180

Question
Models also exist that develop data points from recorded pictures. Three- dimensional surface models like "[...]" can be useful as examples of anthropometric data.
Answer
George

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Models also exist that develop data points from recorded pictures. Three- dimensional surface models like "George" can be useful as examples of anthropometric data.

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(Wheelchair) Eye-level is 15 -16" below that of most standing people and the seated posture also influences reach, controls, and access
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Flashcard 3724131831052

Question
(Wheelchair) Eye-level is [...]" below that of most standing people and the seated posture also influences reach, controls, and access
Answer
15 -16

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(Wheelchair) Eye-level is 15 -16" below that of most standing people and the seated posture also influences reach, controls, and access

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While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67"
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Flashcard 3724136549644

Question
While a standing person occupies [...]" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67"
Answer
25x15

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While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turn

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Flashcard 3724138908940

Question
While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires [...]" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67"
Answer
16-26

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While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67" </s

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Flashcard 3724139957516

Question
While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to [...]" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67"
Answer
57x25

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While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67"

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Flashcard 3724141006092

Question
While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of [...]" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67"
Answer
31.5

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standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of <span>31.5" and needs a turning circle of between 59-67" <span>

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Flashcard 3724142054668

Question
While a standing person occupies 25x15" of floor space, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between [...]"
Answer
59-67

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ce, requires 16-26" aisle width and can turn on the spot, a wheelchair user occupies up to 57x25" of floor space, requires minimum aisle clearance of 31.5" and needs a turning circle of between <span>59-67" <span>

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Stress – outside effector
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Flashcard 3724145200396

Question
[...] – outside effector
Answer
Stress

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Stress – outside effector

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Strain – the resulting change in the body
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Flashcard 3724147821836

Question
[...] – the resulting change in the body
Answer
Strain

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Strain – the resulting change in the body

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There are 206 bones 99% of bodies calcium is in bone 80% of bone tissue by weight is minerals
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Flashcard 3724150443276

Question
There are [...] bones 99% of bodies calcium is in bone 80% of bone tissue by weight is minerals
Answer
206

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There are 206 bones 99% of bodies calcium is in bone 80% of bone tissue by weight is minerals

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Flashcard 3724151491852

Question
There are 206 bones [...]% of bodies calcium is in bone 80% of bone tissue by weight is minerals
Answer
99

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There are 206 bones 99% of bodies calcium is in bone 80% of bone tissue by weight is minerals

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Flashcard 3724152540428

Question
There are 206 bones 99% of bodies calcium is in bone [...]% of bone tissue by weight is minerals
Answer
80

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There are 206 bones 99% of bodies calcium is in bone 80% of bone tissue by weight is minerals

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Bones are connected to each other at joints via ligaments
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Flashcard 3724155161868

Question
Bones are connected to each other at joints via [...]
Answer
ligaments

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Bones are connected to each other at joints via ligaments

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Muscles are connected to bones via tendons
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Flashcard 3724157783308

Question
Muscles are connected to bones via [...]
Answer
tendons

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Muscles are connected to bones via tendons

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Hinge joints (wrist)
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Flashcard 3724160404748

Question
[...] joints (wrist)
Answer
Hinge

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Hinge joints (wrist)

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Pivot joints (neck)
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Flashcard 3724163026188

Question
[...] joints (neck)
Answer
Pivot

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Pivot joints (neck)

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Ball-and-socket joints (shoulder)
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Flashcard 3724165647628

Question
[...] joints (shoulder)
Answer
Ball-and-socket

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Ball-and-socket joints (shoulder)

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Skeletal muscle is ~50% body weight Skeletal muscle is striated (striped), and excludes cardiac and smooth muscle
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Flashcard 3724168269068

Question
Skeletal muscle is ~[...]% body weight Skeletal muscle is striated (striped), and excludes cardiac and smooth muscle
Answer
50

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Skeletal muscle is ~50% body weight Skeletal muscle is striated (striped), and excludes cardiac and smooth muscle

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Static contraction is prone to rapid fatigue
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Flashcard 3724170890508

Question
[...] contraction is prone to rapid fatigue
Answer
Static

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Static contraction is prone to rapid fatigue

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At the beginning of muscular activity (the first 3-5 seconds), ATP is mobilized
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Flashcard 3724174298380

Question
At the beginning of muscular activity (the first [...] seconds), ATP is mobilized
Answer
3-5

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At the beginning of muscular activity (the first 3-5 seconds), ATP is mobilized

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The first source of energy for recreation of ATP is creatine phosphate
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Flashcard 3724176919820

Question
The first source of energy for recreation of ATP is [...]
Answer
creatine phosphate

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The first source of energy for recreation of ATP is creatine phosphate

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After depletion of creatine phosphate (15 seconds), if the activity is continuing, the blood glucose is mobilized. It is converted by various stages first into pyruvic acid.
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Flashcard 3724179541260

Question
After depletion of creatine phosphate ([...] seconds), if the activity is continuing, the blood glucose is mobilized. It is converted by various stages first into pyruvic acid.
Answer
15

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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After depletion of creatine phosphate (15 seconds), if the activity is continuing, the blood glucose is mobilized. It is converted by various stages first into pyruvic acid.

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Flashcard 3724180589836

Question
After depletion of creatine phosphate (15 seconds), if the activity is continuing, the blood glucose is mobilized. It is converted by various stages first into [...] acid.
Answer
pyruvic

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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After depletion of creatine phosphate (15 seconds), if the activity is continuing, the blood glucose is mobilized. It is converted by various stages first into pyruvic acid.

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A resting person lying down with no digestive activity will require about 1700 (man of 70 kg) or 1400 (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the basal metabolism
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Flashcard 3724183211276

Question
A resting person lying down with no digestive activity will require about [...] (man of 70 kg) or 1400 (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the basal metabolism
Answer
1700

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A resting person lying down with no digestive activity will require about 1700 (man of 70 kg) or 1400 (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the basal metabolism

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Flashcard 3724184259852

Question
A resting person lying down with no digestive activity will require about 1700 (man of 70 kg) or [...] (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the basal metabolism
Answer
1400

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A resting person lying down with no digestive activity will require about 1700 (man of 70 kg) or 1400 (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the basal metabolism

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Flashcard 3724185308428

Question
A resting person lying down with no digestive activity will require about 1700 (man of 70 kg) or 1400 (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the [...] metabolism
Answer
basal

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with no digestive activity will require about 1700 (man of 70 kg) or 1400 (woman of 60 kg) kcal per day. This minimum steady energy consumption to maintain involuntary activity is known as the <span>basal metabolism <span>

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Total metabolism = Basal metabolism + Digestive metabolism + Activity metabolism
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Flashcard 3724187929868

Question
Total metabolism = [...] metabolism + Digestive metabolism + Activity metabolism
Answer
Basal

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Total metabolism = Basal metabolism + Digestive metabolism + Activity metabolism

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Flashcard 3724188978444

Question
Total metabolism = Basal metabolism + [...] metabolism + Activity metabolism
Answer
Digestive

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Total metabolism = Basal metabolism + Digestive metabolism + Activity metabolism

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Flashcard 3724190027020

Question
Total metabolism = Basal metabolism + Digestive metabolism + [...] metabolism
Answer
Activity

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Total metabolism = Basal metabolism + Digestive metabolism + Activity metabolism

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Digestive metabolism = .1* (Basal metabolism + Activity metabolism)
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Flashcard 3724192648460

Question
Digestive metabolism = .[...]* (Basal metabolism + Activity metabolism)
Answer
1

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Digestive metabolism = .1* (Basal metabolism + Activity metabolism)

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Flashcard 3724193697036

Question
Digestive metabolism = .1* ([...] metabolism + Activity metabolism)
Answer
Basal

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Digestive metabolism = .1* (Basal metabolism + Activity metabolism)

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Flashcard 3724194745612

Question
Digestive metabolism = .1* (Basal metabolism + [...] metabolism)
Answer
Activity

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Digestive metabolism = .1* (Basal metabolism + Activity metabolism)

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During rest, HR averages around some value between 60 and 85
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Flashcard 3724197367052

Question
During rest, HR averages around some value between [...] and 85
Answer
60

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During rest, HR averages around some value between 60 and 85

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Flashcard 3724198415628

Question
During rest, HR averages around some value between 60 and [...]
Answer
85

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During rest, HR averages around some value between 60 and 85

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For every litter oxygen consumed, there is an average of 4.8 kcal of energy expended
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Flashcard 3724201037068

Question
For every litter oxygen consumed, there is an average of [...] kcal of energy expended
Answer
4.8

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For every litter oxygen consumed, there is an average of 4.8 kcal of energy expended

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For men: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 5 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 100 beats/min.
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Flashcard 3724205493516

Question
For men: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of [...] kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 100 beats/min.
Answer
5

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For men: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 5 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 100 beats/min.

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Flashcard 3724206542092

Question
For men: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 5 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of [...] beats/min.
Answer
100

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For men: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 5 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 100 beats/min.

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For women: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 4 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 90 beats/min.
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Flashcard 3724209163532

Question
For women: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of [...] kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 90 beats/min.
Answer
4

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For women: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 4 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 90 beats/min.

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Flashcard 3724210212108

Question
For women: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 4 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of [...] beats/min.
Answer
90

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For women: 1. A maximum time-weighted average of 4 kcal/min due to activity energy cost of work 2. A maximum time-weighted heart rate average of 90 beats/min.

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Static effort can be maintained at only 20% of its peak over time, whereas 30% of peak forces can be maintained over extended periods in dynamic work
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Flashcard 3724212833548

Question
Static effort can be maintained at only [...]% of its peak over time, whereas 30% of peak forces can be maintained over extended periods in dynamic work
Answer
20

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Static effort can be maintained at only 20% of its peak over time, whereas 30% of peak forces can be maintained over extended periods in dynamic work

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Flashcard 3724213882124

Question
Static effort can be maintained at only 20% of its peak over time, whereas [...]% of peak forces can be maintained over extended periods in dynamic work
Answer
30

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Static effort can be maintained at only 20% of its peak over time, whereas 30% of peak forces can be maintained over extended periods in dynamic work

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Exercise can increase strength and endurance by as much as 50%
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Flashcard 3724216503564

Question
Exercise can increase strength and endurance by as much as [...]%
Answer
50

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Exercise can increase strength and endurance by as much as 50%

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At age 65, one has only 75% of the strength of a youth
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Flashcard 3724219125004

Question
At age 65, one has only [...]% of the strength of a youth
Answer
75

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At age 65, one has only 75% of the strength of a youth

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