# on 08-Aug-2019 (Thu)

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 type 2 diabetes is the single commonest cause of kidney failure.

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 A body mass index greater than 30 is defined as obese

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 For more than thirty years, doctors have recommended a low-fat, calorie-reduced diet as the treatment of choice for obesity. Yet the obesity epidemic accelerates.

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 Virtually every person who has used caloric reduction for weight loss has failed.

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 I’ve often watched patients start insulin treatment for their diabetes, knowing that most will gain weight

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 Obesity usually takes decades to fully develop

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 A calorie is a unit of food energy used by the body for various functions such as breathing, building new muscle and bone, pumping blood and other metabolic tasks.

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 Some food energy is stored as fat

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 EXCESS CALORIES MAY certainly be the proximate cause of weight gain, but not its ultimate cause.

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 The proximate cause is immediately responsible

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 whereas the ultimate cause is what started the chain of events

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 What causes alcoholism? The proximate cause is “drinking too much alcohol”

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 The ultimate cause includes the addictive nature of alcohol, any family history of alcoholism, excessive stress in the home situation and/or an addictive personality

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 Understanding the ultimate cause leads to effective solutions

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 After puberty, women on average carry close to 50 percent more body fat than men. This change occurs despite the fact that men consume more calories on average than women

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 Pregnancy also induces significant weight gain.(ultimate cause)

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#### Flashcard 4322845134092

Tags
Question
How can you retrieve a function's definition by accessing the Definition property ?

(Get-Item -Path function:more).Definition

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0
Function Provider | Microsoft Docs
any PowerShell drive. Get-ChildItem -Path Function: The Function provider has no containers, so the above command has the same effect when used with Get-ChildItem. Get-ChildItem -Path Function: <span>You can retrieve a function's definition by accessing the Definition property, as shown below. (Get-Item -Path function:more).Definition You can also retrieve a function's definition using its provider path prefixed by the dollar sign ($).$function:more Getting selected functions This command gets the man function from

#### Flashcard 4322847493388

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How can you retrieve a function's definition using its provider path prefixed by the dollar sign ($) ? Answer $function:more

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0
Function Provider | Microsoft Docs
n used with Get-ChildItem. Get-ChildItem -Path Function: You can retrieve a function's definition by accessing the Definition property, as shown below. (Get-Item -Path function:more).Definition <span>You can also retrieve a function's definition using its provider path prefixed by the dollar sign ($).$function:more Getting selected functions This command gets the man function from the Function: drive. It uses the Get-Item cmdlet to get the function. The pipeline operator (|) sends the result to Fo

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Question

### How to wrap and autosize the output of a function ?

Get-Item -Path man | Format-Table -Wrap -Autosize

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0
Function Provider | Microsoft Docs
inition property, as shown below. (Get-Item -Path function:more).Definition You can also retrieve a function's definition using its provider path prefixed by the dollar sign ($).$function:more <span>Getting selected functions This command gets the man function from the Function: drive. It uses the Get-Item cmdlet to get the function. The pipeline operator (|) sends the result to Format-Table. The -Wrap parameter directs text that does not fit on the line onto the next line. The -Autosize parameter resizes the table columns to accommodate the text. Get-Item -Path man | Format-Table -Wrap -Autosize Working with Function provider paths These commands both get the function named c:. The first command can be used in any drive. The second command is used in the Function: drive. Becaus

#### Flashcard 4322851163404

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Question
How to create a new function with name Win32 and a scriptblock ?

New-Item -Path Function:Win32: -Value {Set-Location C:\Windows\System32}

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0
Function Provider | Microsoft Docs
n the Function: drive, you can use either format. In the second command, the dot (.) represents the current location. PS C:\> Get-Item -Path Function:c: PS Function:\> Get-Item -Path .\c: <span>Creating a function This command uses the New-Item cmdlet to create a function called Win32:. The expression in braces is the script block that is represented by the function name. New-Item -Path Function:Win32: -Value {Set-Location C:\Windows\System32} You can also create a function by typing it at the PowerShell command line. For example, tpe Function:Win32: {Set-Location C:\Windows\System32}. If you are in the Function: drive, you c

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Question
How to delete the more: function from the current session ?

Remove-Item Function:more:

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0
Function Provider | Microsoft Docs

#### Annotation 4322868989196

 The “macro” in “macronutrients” refers to the fact that the bulk of the food we eat is made up of these three groups

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 Micronutrients, which make up a very small proportion of the food, include vitamins and minerals such as vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K, as well as minerals such as iron and calcium

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#### Annotation 4322871086348

 Starchy foods and sugars are all carbohydrates

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 that obesity runs in families

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 Approximately 70 percent of the variance in obesity is familial.

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 Just as there are hormonal signals of hunger, there are multiple hormones that tell us when we’re full and stop us from overeating

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 n wild animals, morbid obesity is rare, even with an abundance of food, except when it is part of the normal life cycle

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 There is an important difference between being fat and being obese. Obesity is the state of being fat to the point of having detrimental health consequences.

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 Bears, along with whales, walruses and other fat animals are fat, but not obese, since they suffer no health consequences

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 the root cause of obesity is a complex hormonal imbalance with high blood insulin as its central feature.

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 The hormonal profile of a baby is influenced by the environment in the mother’s body before birth, setting up a tendency for high insulin levels and associated obesity later in life.

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 Decreasing Calories In triggers a decrease in Calories Out

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 A 30 percent reduction in caloric intake results in a 30 percent decrease in caloric expenditure.

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 Total energy expenditure is the sum of basal metabolic rate, thermogenic effect of food, nonexercise activity thermogenesis, excess post-exercise oxygen consumption and exercise

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 For example, the smell of frying food makes you hungry at lunchtime. However, if you have just finished a large buffet, those same smells may make you slightly queasy.

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 Body-fat regulation is under automatic control, like breathing.

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 obesity is a hormonal, not a caloric, disorder.

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#### Annotation 4322889960716

 All the foods we eat contain calories. Food first enters the stomach, where it is mixed with stomach acid and slowly released into the small intestine. Nutrients are extracted throughout the journey through the small and large intestines. What remains is excreted as stool. Proteins are broken down into their building blocks, amino acids. These are used to build and repair the body’s tissues, and the excess is stored. Fats are directly absorbed into the body. Carbohydrates are broken down into their building blocks, sugars.