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Flashcard 4383073766668

Tags
#Amputation #musculoskeletal #shoulder
Question

Amputations and Prosthetics


Amputation is the surgical removal of a body part, partial or full extremity, due to disease, trauma or injury. Lower extremity amputations are significantly more common than upper extremity amputations, with peripheral vascular disease serving as the primary etiology. A commonly encountered client with limb loss is an older adult who underwent lower—limb amputation due to vascular disease. Many of these individuals have a comorbid diagnosis of diabetes. Other non-vascular causes of amputations include traumatic, cancer-related, and congenital conditions.


Amputation is considered the last course of action, but for many patients with various pathologies, it may become the only viable treatment option. Approximately ______% of all older adults with limb loss due to vascular disease will die within ______ years. Of the remaining individuals, _____ will experience another amputation, either on the same limb or contralaterally.


Prosthetics attempt to replace the missing body part to allow a patient improved function and cosmesis. Physical and occupational therapy are usually indicated for functional retraining with the prosthesis. Rehabilitation of an individual with limb loss requires a multidisciplinary approach typically involving a prosthetist, physical therapist, and occupational therapist.


Answer

50%

5 years

50%


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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In der All ge mein an äs the sie wer den die In ha la ti ons an äs the- sie , die in tra ve nö se An äs the sie und die ba lan zier te An äs- the sie un ter schie den. Oft wird eine ba lan zier te An äs the sie durch ge führt. Da bei wird zu nächst die Nar ko se mit ei nem Hyp no ti kum ein ge lei tet. Da nach wird der Pa ti ent mit ei- nem Ge misch aus Sau er stoff und Lach gas be at met, dem aus ei nem Ver damp fer ein vo la ti les An äs the ti kum bei ge- mischt wird. Zu sätz lich er hält er in tra ve nö se Bo lus do sen ei nes Opioidanal ge ti kums

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Flashcard 4383094213900

Tags
#programming #pytorch
Question
nn.Parameter - A kind of Tensor, that is automatically registered as a parameter when assigned as [...] to a Module
Answer
an attribute


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Neural Networks — PyTorch Tutorials 1.2.0 documentation
ckward(). Also holds the gradient w.r.t. the tensor. nn.Module - Neural network module. Convenient way of encapsulating parameters, with helpers for moving them to GPU, exporting, loading, etc. <span>nn.Parameter - A kind of Tensor, that is automatically registered as a parameter when assigned as an attribute to a Module. autograd.Function - Implements forward and backward definitions of an autograd operation. Every Tensor operation creates at least a single Function node that connects to functions that







Flashcard 4383097359628

Tags
#Neuromuscular #insufficiency #passive
Question
passive insufficiency - -restricts motion in the direction [...] because the muscle is too short to permit full movement across multiple joints
Answer

passive insufficiency - -restricts motion in the direction antagonistic to the muscle's contraction because the muscle is too short to permit full movement across multiple joints


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383099194636

Tags
#Musculoskeletal #active #insufficiency
Question
What is an example of active insufficiency? (in the leg) - [...]
Answer

the hamstrings: active knee flexion and simultaneous hip extension

- both motions can't be fully performed at the same time because the hamstrings can't shorten enough to work at the hip and knee


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
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Flashcard 4383100505356

Tags
#active #insufficiency #muscoloskeletal
Question
Active insufficiency involves... - [...]
Answer

.. - insufficiency shortening which limits active excursion


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383101816076

Tags
#active #insufficiency #musculoskeletal
Question
active insufficiency occurs when measuring?
Answer
AROM


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383103126796

Tags
#active #insufficiency #musculoskeletal
Question
The biceps femoris long head, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus cross which joints? - [...
Answer
the hip and knee joints


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383104437516

Tags
#insufficiency #musculoskeletal #passive
Question
What is an example of passive insufficiency in the lower extremities? - [...]
Answer
-hip flexion is limited by tight hamstrings (working at the knee)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383105748236

Tags
#insufficiency #musculoskeletal #passive
Question
Muscles can contract to what percentage of their length? - [...]
Answer
- 50-60%


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383107058956

Tags
#active #insufficiency #musculoskeletal #passive
Question
passive insufficiency - -restricts motion in the direction antagonistic to the muscle's contraction because the muscle is [...
Answer
too short to permit full movement across multiple joints


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383108369676

Tags
#active #insufficiency #musculoskeletal
Question
What is an example of active insufficiency? (in the hand) - [...]
Answer
the FDP/FDS can't contract fully at all joints simultaneously


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383109680396

Tags
#insufficiency #musculoskeletal #passive
Question
Passive insufficiency involves... - [...]
Answer
insufficient passive stretch limiting passive excursion


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383110991116

Tags
#active #insufficiency #musculoskeletal
Question
Active insufficiency involves... - [...]
Answer
insufficiency shortening which limits active excursion


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383113874700

Tags
#active #insufficiency #joints #multi-joint #musculoskeletal
Question
What is a multi-joint muscle?
Answer
Produces movement at more than one joint. Ex: Hamstrings extend the thigh and flex the knee.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383115185420

Tags
#excursion #musculoskeletal
Question
What is muscle excursion?
Answer
The distance a muscle can contract


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383116496140

Tags
#insufficiency #musculoskeletal #passive
Question
Which type of insufficiency occurs when measuring AROM or PROM? - [...]
Answer
passive insufficiency


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383117806860

Tags
#excursion #musculoskeletal
Question
The distance a muscle can contract?
Answer
What is muscle excursion?


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383130389772

Tags
#grades #musculoskeletal
Question
5/5 Normal
Answer
Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity and maximum (strong) pressure.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Flashcard 4383131700492

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
What does Good 4+ mean?
Answer
Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity and slightly less than maximum (moderate to strong) pressure.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383133011212

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Good 4/5
Answer
Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity and moderate pressure.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383134321932

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Good Minus 4-/5
Answer
Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity and slightly less than moderate (slight to moderate) pressure.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383135632652

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Fair + or 3+/5
Answer

Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity and minimal (slight) pressure.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
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Flashcard 4383136943372

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Fair or 3/5
Answer

Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity but cannot hold if even slight pressure is applied.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383138254092

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Fair 3/5
Answer
Ability to complete test movement and/or hold test position against gravity but cannot hold if even slight pressure is applied.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383139564812

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Fair - or 3-/5
Answer
Ability to complete at least 1/2 of test movement against gravity. Cannot complete full test movement against gravity. NOTE: Kendall, et al.: a very gradual release from anti-gravity test position.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383140875532

Tags
#grades #mmt #mussculoskeletal
Question
Poor + or 2+/5
Answer

Ability to initiate test movement against gravity, but completes less than 1/2 of test movement range. OR

Ability to complete test movement in a gravity lessened position against slight resistance throughout the range. OR

Ability to complete test movement and hold test position in a gravity lessened position against slight pressure.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383142186252

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Poor or 2/5
Answer

Ability to complete test movement in gravity lessened position


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383143496972

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Poor - or 2-/5
Answer
Ability to initiate or complete partial test movement in a gravity lessened position with friction reduced; unable to complete full range of test movement.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 4383144807692

Tags
#grades #mmt #musculoskeletal
Question
Trace 1/5
Answer
Feeble but palpable muscle contraction or prominent tendon during muscle contraction with no visible motion of the part.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill