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Flashcard 4495008730380

Question
active zone
Answer
[default - edit me]


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Transmembrane proteins that actively move ions into or out of cells against their concentration gradients. Their source of energy may be ATP or the electro- chemical gradients of various ions. See also co-transporters; ion exchangers.

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Flashcard 4495992556812

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer
The location within the presynaptic terminal where synaptic vesicles fuse with the presynaptic plasma membrane to discharge their neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft.


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abducens nerve (VI) Cranial nerve VI, an efferent nerve that controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.

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Flashcard 4500892552460

Question
[...] Cranial nerve VI, an efferent nerve that controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.
Answer
abducens nerve (VI)


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abducens nerve (VI) Cranial nerve VI, an efferent nerve that controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.

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Flashcard 4500894125324

Tags
#20 #appendix #glossary
Question
abducens nerve (VI) [...]
Answer
Cranial nerve VI, an efferent nerve that controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.


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abducens nerve (VI) Cranial nerve VI, an efferent nerve that controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.

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accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) The target of axons from the VNO, adjacent to the main olfactory bulb that relays vom- eronasal information to the hypothalamus and other basal forebrain regions.

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accommodation 1. Dynamic changes in the lens of the eye that enable the viewer to focus. When viewing distant ob- jects, the lens is made relatively thin and flat; for near vision, the lens becomes thicker and rounder and has more refrac- tive power. 2. Term used by Piaget (along with assimilation) to describe how children might react to a new person, event, or object by modifying their scheme of thought.

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acetylcholine (Ach) Neurotransmitter at motor neuron syn- apses, in autonomic ganglia, and in a variety of central syn- apses. Binds to two types of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), either ligand-gated ion channels (nicotinic receptors) and G-protein-coupled receptors (muscarinic receptors).

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Flashcard 4500901203212

Tags
#15 #glossary
Question
[...] The target of axons from the VNO, adjacent to the main olfactory bulb that relays vom- eronasal information to the hypothalamus and other basal forebrain regions.
Answer
accessory olfactory bulb (AOB)


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accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) The target of axons from the VNO, adjacent to the main olfactory bulb that relays vom- eronasal information to the hypothalamus and other basal forebrain regions.

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Flashcard 4500903038220

Question
[...] 1. Dynamic changes in the lens of the eye that enable the viewer to focus. When viewing distant ob- jects, the lens is made relatively thin and flat; for near vision, the lens becomes thicker and rounder and has more refrac- tive power. 2. Term used by Piaget (along with assimilation) to describe how children might react to a new person, event, or object by modifying their scheme of thought.
Answer
accommodation


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accommodation 1. Dynamic changes in the lens of the eye that enable the viewer to focus. When viewing distant ob- jects, the lens is made relatively thin and flat; for near vision, the lens becomes t

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Flashcard 4500904086796

Question
[...] Neurotransmitter at motor neuron syn- apses, in autonomic ganglia, and in a variety of central syn- apses. Binds to two types of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), either ligand-gated ion channels (nicotinic receptors) and G-protein-coupled receptors (muscarinic receptors).
Answer
acetylcholine (Ach)


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acetylcholine (Ach) Neurotransmitter at motor neuron syn- apses, in autonomic ganglia, and in a variety of central syn- apses. Binds to two types of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), either ligand-gated ion

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Flashcard 4500905397516

Tags
#5 #glossary
Question
acetylcholine (Ach) [...]
Answer
Neurotransmitter at motor neuron syn- apses, in autonomic ganglia, and in a variety of central syn- apses. Binds to two types of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), either ligand-gated ion channels (nicotinic receptors) and G-protein-coupled receptors (muscarinic receptors).


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acetylcholine (Ach) Neurotransmitter at motor neuron syn- apses, in autonomic ganglia, and in a variety of central syn- apses. Binds to two types of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), either ligand-gated ion channels (nicotinic receptors) and G-protein-coupled receptors (muscarinic receptors).

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Luhmann took literature notes during the day and kept them in one place, sorted alphabetically. His notes comprised just a small piece of paper with a list: On page x it says y. The bibliographic details were on the back.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to How do you effectively keep and organize your study notes? - Quora
out how to take smart notes like Luhmann and translated it into English. The technique is actually quite simple, but understanding the principle behind it is also crucial. Here is how it works: <span>Luhmann took literature notes during the day and kept them in one place, sorted alphabetically. His notes comprised just a small piece of paper with a list: On page x it says y. The bibliographic details were on the back. But this was just the preparation for the main and most important step that most people just don’t do: He would go through these (very brief) notes in the evening and think how these id




He would go through these (very brief) notes in the evening and think how these ideas connect to what he has thought and written before. Then he would take the related notes out of his Zettelkasten and write down how the new ideas contribute to, challenge or alter his previous thoughts – in full sentences and as clearly as possible.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to How do you effectively keep and organize your study notes? - Quora
ece of paper with a list: On page x it says y. The bibliographic details were on the back. But this was just the preparation for the main and most important step that most people just don’t do: <span>He would go through these (very brief) notes in the evening and think how these ideas connect to what he has thought and written before. Then he would take the related notes out of his Zettelkasten and write down how the new ideas contribute to, challenge or alter his previous thoughts – in full sentences and as clearly as possible. Instead of keeping notes separated by topics (or worse: formats), he collected all of them in one place and actively connected them. New notes would be placed behind the most related on




But this is not a personal Wiki. It is not about storing knowledge, but about developing thoughts across a wide range of topics and building up long strings of interconnected notes that can easily be turned into manuscripts.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to How do you effectively keep and organize your study notes? - Quora
ces). He would then add a few links to other related notes and make an entry in an alphabetical index. It is easy to confuse this technique with the way hyperlinks or tags work on the Internet. <span>But this is not a personal Wiki. It is not about storing knowledge, but about developing thoughts across a wide range of topics and building up long strings of interconnected notes that can easily be turned into manuscripts. We all know that we should elaborate on the things we read and make connections between heterogeneous ideas (as this is basically the only reliable and proven way to learn anything), bu




This is even true for reading, as you need to be focused on understanding and staying in the flow. Just make a brief record of what is important (“on page x it says y”) and direct your focus back to the text. Keep your literature notes, including references, in one place.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
n a discussion, attending a lecture, or suddenly have an idea while brushing your teeth, the best thing you can do in most situations is to jot down a reminder and go back to what you’re doing. <span>This is even true for reading, as you need to be focused on understanding and staying in the flow. Just make a brief record of what is important (“on page x it says y”) and direct your focus back to the text. Keep your literature notes, including references, in one place. Zotero is a great tool, for example. Don’t fall for unrealistic systems that require you to take elaborate notes in all circumstances. Now, to the important second step: as quick notes




Now, to the important second step: as quick notes are only reminders of an idea, you need to turn them (ideally within a day) into permanently understandable notes. Otherwise you will soon have forgotten what each note was all about. Write as if you write for someone else.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
your literature notes, including references, in one place. Zotero is a great tool, for example. Don’t fall for unrealistic systems that require you to take elaborate notes in all circumstances. <span>Now, to the important second step: as quick notes are only reminders of an idea, you need to turn them (ideally within a day) into permanently understandable notes. Otherwise you will soon have forgotten what each note was all about. Write as if you write for someone else. This is the step that separates the serious scholar from the casual student. For the latter, notes and ideas are just the means to pass the next test. But if you skip this step, you nee




Standardize. Keep everything in one place in one format, give each note a distinct number (see below), and connect related notes. Luhmann wrote all his notes on single-sided DIN A6 paper. You can use digital tools[2], but keep in mind that technical restrictions can actually increase creativity.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
lop your thoughts, keeps your biases in check, streamlines your writing process, sparks new ideas and improves your learning. Focus on the process and turn elaboration into an actual task. How? <span>Standardize. Keep everything in one place in one format, give each note a distinct number (see below), and connect related notes. Luhmann wrote all his notes on single-sided DIN A6 paper. You can use digital tools[2], but keep in mind that technical restrictions can actually increase creativity. Elaborate. Now, before you write the permanent note, think about how a new idea contributes, challenges or alters something you have written down before by looking through your Zettelka




Elaborate. Now, before you write the permanent note, think about how a new idea contributes, challenges or alters something you have written down before by looking through your Zettelkasten for related notes. Write down the outcome of this thinking process as clearly and precisely as possible on a new note. Just by making this a daily routine, you have enrolled in a life-long master class on clear thinking and concise writing.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
and connect related notes. Luhmann wrote all his notes on single-sided DIN A6 paper. You can use digital tools[2], but keep in mind that technical restrictions can actually increase creativity. <span>Elaborate. Now, before you write the permanent note, think about how a new idea contributes, challenges or alters something you have written down before by looking through your Zettelkasten for related notes. Write down the outcome of this thinking process as clearly and precisely as possible on a new note. Just by making this a daily routine, you have enrolled in a life-long master class on clear thinking and concise writing. Connect. Most note-taking systems lead to nothing but collections of isolated ideas stored in preconceived categories. Don’t fall for that. Facts are only as useful as the context they




Connect. Most note-taking systems lead to nothing but collections of isolated ideas stored in preconceived categories. Don’t fall for that. Facts are only as useful as the context they are embedded in. How we connect them is as important as they are themselves. Therefore, don’t start with preconceived categories and fill them with notes. Instead, let order emerge bottom-up by making connections between your notes and be observant of the differences between them.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
is thinking process as clearly and precisely as possible on a new note. Just by making this a daily routine, you have enrolled in a life-long master class on clear thinking and concise writing. <span>Connect. Most note-taking systems lead to nothing but collections of isolated ideas stored in preconceived categories. Don’t fall for that. Facts are only as useful as the context they are embedded in. How we connect them is as important as they are themselves. Therefore, don’t start with preconceived categories and fill them with notes. Instead, let order emerge bottom-up by making connections between your notes and be observant of the differences between them. Give each note a permanent ID. Add your new note behind the most related existing note and make references to other related notes. Luhmann numbered his notes consecutively (see picture




Give each note a permanent ID. Add your new note behind the most related existing note and make references to other related notes. Luhmann numbered his notes consecutively (see picture below), branching out, whenever necessary, by altering numbers, letters and additional characters (after note 2 comes note 3, or 2a if 3 already exists. Luhmann branched out so many lines of thought, he had notes like 37a12b).

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
don’t start with preconceived categories and fill them with notes. Instead, let order emerge bottom-up by making connections between your notes and be observant of the differences between them. <span>Give each note a permanent ID. Add your new note behind the most related existing note and make references to other related notes. Luhmann numbered his notes consecutively (see picture below), branching out, whenever necessary, by altering numbers, letters and additional characters (after note 2 comes note 3, or 2a if 3 already exists. Luhmann branched out so many lines of thought, he had notes like 37a12b). Mind the context. By using permanent ID’s one note can be embedded in different contexts. It it similar to hyperlinks, but with a strong emphasis on building up note-sequences. Again: T




Mind the context. By using permanent ID’s one note can be embedded in different contexts. It it similar to hyperlinks, but with a strong emphasis on building up note-sequences. Again: There are digital tools for that now . And remember: This is about developing thoughts, not building an archive.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
ecessary, by altering numbers, letters and additional characters (after note 2 comes note 3, or 2a if 3 already exists. Luhmann branched out so many lines of thought, he had notes like 37a12b). <span>Mind the context. By using permanent ID’s one note can be embedded in different contexts. It it similar to hyperlinks, but with a strong emphasis on building up note-sequences. Again: There are digital tools for that now. And remember: This is about developing thoughts, not building an archive. Build up note-sequences. If you intend to write articles or books, these note-sequences can later be turned into parts or even whole chapters of your manuscript. Keep an alphabetic inde




Build up note-sequences. If you intend to write articles or books, these note-sequences can later be turned into parts or even whole chapters of your manuscript.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
r to hyperlinks, but with a strong emphasis on building up note-sequences. Again: There are digital tools for that now. And remember: This is about developing thoughts, not building an archive. <span>Build up note-sequences. If you intend to write articles or books, these note-sequences can later be turned into parts or even whole chapters of your manuscript. Keep an alphabetic index for orientation, but don’t overdo it – you only need to refer to one or two notes as entry-points into a line of thought. Whenever you want to get an overview o




Keep an alphabetic index for orientation, but don’t overdo it – you only need to refer to one or two notes as entry-points into a line of thought. Whenever you want to get an overview of a topic, just write another note in which you elaborate on a possible topic-structure. The way we structure a topic or think about the relationship between ideas is bound to change with our understanding. Don’t hard-wire a certain understanding into your system; instead allow yourself to change your mind about that too. If you later decide that another structure is more apt for a given topic, just write another note about it with links to the related notes and change the entry in the index.

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Sönke Ahrens's answer to What is the best way to take notes? - Quora
ughts, not building an archive. Build up note-sequences. If you intend to write articles or books, these note-sequences can later be turned into parts or even whole chapters of your manuscript. <span>Keep an alphabetic index for orientation, but don’t overdo it – you only need to refer to one or two notes as entry-points into a line of thought. Whenever you want to get an overview of a topic, just write another note in which you elaborate on a possible topic-structure. The way we structure a topic or think about the relationship between ideas is bound to change with our understanding. Don’t hard-wire a certain understanding into your system; instead allow yourself to change your mind about that too. If you later decide that another structure is more apt for a given topic, just write another note about it with links to the related notes and change the entry in the index. Make it a habit. When you turn writing like this into a daily habit, you no longer have to decide upfront what to write about or worry about the blank page. You will always have already