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Flashcard 5093232872716

Question
I’ve read that in ancient times they used to bury kings and pharaohs with all their possessions.
Answer
[default - edit me]

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Careers and Accounting. Promotional opportunities throughout a person’s career may involve managerial responsibilities and often include responsibility for a portion of the organization’s financial performance. Having an understanding of how accounting affects businesses can help the individual to be successful in meeting the organization’s strategic and financial goals. (credit: modification of “Achievement” by unknown/Pixabay, CC0)
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Accounting is the process of organizing, analyzing, and communicating financial information that is used for decision-making. Financial information is typically prepared by accountants—those trained in the specific techniques and practices of the profession. This course explores many of the topics and techniques related to the accounting profession. While many students will directly apply the knowledge gained in this course to continue their education and become accountants and business professionals, others might pursue different career paths. However, a solid understanding of accounting can for many still serve as a useful resource. In fact, it is hard to think of a profession where a foundation in the principles of accounting would not be beneficial. Therefore, one of the goals of this course is to provide a solid understanding of how financial information is prepared and used in the workplace, regardless of your particular career path
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Flashcard 5097705835788

Question
What is Accounting?
Answer
Accounting is the process of organizing, analyzing, and communicating financial information that is used for decision-making.

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Raw milk: milk that has not been heated to more than 40 °C and has no additionally treatment except a mechanical treatment (→ centrifugation) and cooling
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Flashcard 5097711602956

Question
Raw milk: [...]
Answer
milk that has not been heated to more than 40 °C and has no additionally treatment except a mechanical treatment (→ centrifugation) and cooling

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Raw milk: milk that has not been heated to more than 40 °C and has no additionally treatment except a mechanical treatment (→ centrifugation) and cooling

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Composition:

o 87 % Water

o 13 % solid content

▪ 2.5-6 % fat

▪ 2.9-5 % protein

▪ 3.6-5.5 % lactose

▪ 0.6-0.9 % minerals

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Flashcard 5097715535116

Question

Cow Milk Composition:

o [...] % Water

o [...] % solid content

▪ 2.5-6 % fat

▪ 2.9-5 % protein

▪ 3.6-5.5 % lactose

▪ 0.6-0.9 % minerals

Answer

87

13


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Composition: o 87 % Water o 13 % solid content ▪ 2.5-6 % fat ▪ 2.9-5 % protein ▪ 3.6-5.5 % lactose ▪ 0.6-0.9 % minerals

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Milk fat is prone to deterioration → lipolysis and oxidation → serious off-flavours
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Flashcard 5097720515852

Question
Milk fat is prone to deterioration → [...] and oxidation → serious off-flavours
Answer
lipolysis

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Milk fat is prone to deterioration → lipolysis and oxidation → serious off-flavours

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Flashcard 5097722350860

Tags
#has-images
Question
What is lipolysis?


Answer
Lipolysis is the metabolic pathway through which lipid triglycerides are hydrolyzed into a glycerol and three fatty acids.

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Milk fat is prone to deterioration → lipolysis and oxidation → serious off-flavours

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Flashcard 5097726283020

Question
Milk fat is prone to deterioration → lipolysis and [...] → serious off-flavours
Answer
oxidation

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Milk fat is prone to deterioration → lipolysis and oxidation → serious off-flavours

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Milk contains hundreds of types of proteins, 32-35 g/L
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Flashcard 5097732050188

Question
Milk contains hundreds of types of proteins, [...] g/L
Answer
32-35

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Milk contains hundreds of types of proteins, 32-35 g/L

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Flashcard 5097733623052

Question
What part of milk protein is Casein?
Answer
Casein is 80% of total protein in milk.

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Flashcard 5097735982348

Question
What part of milk proteins is whey?
Answer
Whey is 19% of total milk protein.

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Caseins have a high content of apolar amino acids → low solubility expected
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Flashcard 5097740176652

Question
Caseins have a high content of apolar amino acids → [...] solubility expected
Answer
low

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Caseins have a high content of apolar amino acids → low solubility expected

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Phosphate groups strongly bound divalent cations like Ca, especially at high pH → α und β caseins precipitate even at low Ca activity → phosphate & Ca make a colloidal dispersion where charge is lost → no longer soluble

o Κ caseins are soluble in presence of Ca!

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Flashcard 5097744108812

Question
α und β caseins precipitate even at low [...] activity
Answer
Ca

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Phosphate groups strongly bound divalent cations like Ca, especially at high pH → α und β caseins precipitate even at low Ca activity → phosphate & Ca make a colloidal dispersion where charge is lost → no longer soluble o Κ caseins are soluble in presence of Ca!

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Flashcard 5097746468108

Question
Phosphate groups strongly bound [...], especially at high pH
Answer
divalent cations like Ca

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Phosphate groups strongly bound divalent cations like Ca, especially at high pH → α und β caseins precipitate even at low Ca activity → phosphate & Ca make a colloidal dispersion where charge is lost → no longer soluble o Κ caseins are so

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Flashcard 5097748827404

Question
Κ caseins are soluble in presence of [...]!
Answer
Ca

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at high pH → α und β caseins precipitate even at low Ca activity → phosphate & Ca make a colloidal dispersion where charge is lost → no longer soluble o Κ caseins are soluble in presence of <span>Ca! <span>

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κ is hydrated because of sugars → sensitive to chymosin which cut sugars away → no longer hydrated
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Flashcard 5097752759564

Question
κ is hydrated because of [...]
Answer
sugars

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κ is hydrated because of sugars → sensitive to chymosin which cut sugars away → no longer hydrated

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Flashcard 5097755118860

Question
κ is hydrated because of sugars → sensitive to [...] which cut sugars away → no longer hydrated
Answer
chymosin

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κ is hydrated because of sugars → sensitive to chymosin which cut sugars away → no longer hydrated

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Only κ-casein is soluble with calcium
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Flashcard 5097758264588

Question
Only [...]-casein is soluble with calcium
Answer
κ

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Only κ-casein is soluble with calcium

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Casein micelle structure is stabilized by Ca-phosphate and hydrophobic interactions
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Flashcard 5097761410316

Question
Casein micelle structure is stabilized by [...] and hydrophobic interactions
Answer
Ca-phosphate

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Casein micelle structure is stabilized by Ca-phosphate and hydrophobic interactions

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Flashcard 5097762983180

Question
Casein micelle structure is stabilized by Ca-phosphate and [...]
Answer
hydrophobic interactions

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Casein micelle structure is stabilized by Ca-phosphate and hydrophobic interactions

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κ casein is found on surface of micelle, β in interior and α throughout
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Flashcard 5097766128908

Question
κ casein is found [...], β in interior and α throughout
Answer
on surface of micelle

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κ casein is found on surface of micelle, β in interior and α throughout

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Flashcard 5097767701772

Question
κ casein is found on surface of micelle, β in [...] and α throughout
Answer
interior

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κ casein is found on surface of micelle, β in interior and α throughout

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Flashcard 5097769274636

Question
κ casein is found on surface of micelle, β in interior and α [...]
Answer
throughout

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κ casein is found on surface of micelle, β in interior and α throughout

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nanocluster model → Ca-P nanoclusters create structure → α & β caseins attached to it, κ on outside to stabilize clusters
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Flashcard 5097772420364

Question
nanocluster model → Ca-P nanoclusters create structure → α & β caseins [...], κ on outside to stabilize clusters
Answer
attached to it

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nanocluster model → Ca-P nanoclusters create structure → α & β caseins attached to it, κ on outside to stabilize clusters

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cooling milk to refrigeration solubilizes a fraction of β, some κ and much less α
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Flashcard 5097775566092

Question
cooling milk to refrigeration [...] a fraction of β, some κ and much less α
Answer
solubilizes

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cooling milk to refrigeration solubilizes a fraction of β, some κ and much less α

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Casein precipitation and coagulation is carried out by acidification and action of proteolytic enzyme
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Flashcard 5097782906124

Question
Casein precipitation and coagulation is carried out by [...] and action of proteolytic enzyme
Answer
acidification

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Casein precipitation and coagulation is carried out by acidification and action of proteolytic enzyme

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pH approaching isoelectric point → charge and hydration decrease → less repulsion → aggregation of molecules
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Valeurs PAM Enfant choc
#154 #328 #Choc #Cours #Facultaires #Médecine #Pédiatrie #Septique #has-images
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[unknown IMAGE 4996174318860]
Valeurs Constantes Pédia
#154 #328 #Choc #Cours #Facultaires #Médecine #Pédiatrie #Septique #has-images
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