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on 28-May-2020 (Thu)

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Flashcard 5463617703180

Question
Diabetic patient developed fever, productive cough and SOB. Labs show high WBC. CXR (picture was given which showed lower lobe infiltrates + air-fluid level).The drug that will be given to the patient acts on which of the following?
Answer

C. 50 S ribosome

Answer: C


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Flashcard 5463620848908

Question
2. Patient with ventilator associated pneumonia. Culture showed lactose non-fermenting, gram neg- ative motile bacilli producing greenish colony + Oxidase positive. What is the organism?
Answer

A. Haemophilus influenzae B. Streptococcus pneumoniae C. Klebsiella or other gram negative bacteria D. Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Answer: D


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Flashcard 5463627664652

Question
3. Most specific test for TB?
Answer

A. PCR

B. Chest X ray

C. Sputum culture

D. PPD

Answer: C

Reference:http://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/factsheets/testing/diagnosis.htm


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#iniciação-científica
Dessa maneira, introduziu-se um item na avaliação dos projetos de pesquisa subme dos aos editais internos PIBIC, PIBIC-AF e PIBIC-EM que justamente considera essa aderência às Áreas Prioritárias. A pontuação deste item foi definida pelo comitê de iniciação cien fica como sendo de 0,0 a 2,0 pontos. O valor máximo deste item corresponde à mesma pontuação que se dá, por exemplo, a par cipação de um professor somente como avaliador presencial da JAI. A introdução desta pontuação, por outro lado, adequa nossos editais ao que é exigido nas chamadas do CNPq.

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#iniciação-científica
Gostaríamos ainda de salientar que este critério de aderência às Áreas Prioritárias do CNPq não altera em nada o processo de distribuição das bolsas dentre as áreas do conhecimento da CAPES que temos usado nos úl mos anos.

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#bolsas-CAPES #iniciação-científica
Uma vez determinado o número de bolsas de cada área, se estabelece uma lista de classificação onde se considera a pontuação ob da por cada concorrente dentro daquela área. Cada solicitante concorrerá somente com seus pares dentro de uma mesma área do conhecimento,

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Flashcard 5463644441868

Question
4. A patient with tuberculosis on medication for 3 months. He developed pins and needles sensation of his lower limbs. Deficiency of which of the following caused his symptoms?
Answer
[default - edit me]


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Flashcard 5463645490444

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer
A. Niacin B. Folic acid C. Iron D. Pyridoxine(B6) Answer: D Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) supplementation during isoniazid (INH) therapy is necessary in some patients to prevent the development of peripheral neuropathy. Reference: Pubmed.


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Flashcard 5463647849740

Question
5. Best prophylactic against traveler’s diarrhea :
Answer
[default - edit me]


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Flashcard 5463648898316

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer

A. fresh fruit and vegetables

B. peeled fruit

C. daily antibiotic

D. drinks with rice

Answer: B

Reference: uptodate Basic advice for travelers to moderate or high-risk regions for travelers' diarrhea includes eating only food that has been thoroughly cooked and served hot, fruits that the traveler peels just prior to eating, and pasteurized dairy products. Beverages should be bottled or disinfected. Bottled drinks should be requested without ice and should be drunk from the bottle with a straw rather than from a glass. Hot tea and coffee are usually safe alternatives to boiled water.” “Although antibiotics and other agents (namely bismuth salicylate) are effective in reducing the rate of travelers' diarrhea for individuals traveling from resource-rich to resource-poor areas, we do not routinely recommend chemoprophylaxis. Use of daily antibiotics is expensive, has potential side effects, can wipe out normal gastrointestinal flora that may be beneficial, and can promote bacterial resistance.” “However, chemoprophylaxis may be a reasonable approach in the setting of an underlying medical con- dition that would increase the risk of complications from diarrhea or would be severely exacerbated by dehydration from diarrhea such that the benefits of using antibiotic prophylaxis outweigh its risks. Such situations include known severe inflammatory bowel disease that could be exacerbated by an episode of infectious diarrhea; severe vascular, cardiac, or renal disease that would be seriously compromised by dehydration; or a severe immunocompromised state, such as advanced HIV disease or after a complicated organ transplant


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Flashcard 5463650733324

Question
6. Long scenario about TB and what's the antibiotic to start :
Answer
[default - edit me]


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Flashcard 5463651781900

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer
A. Rifampicin, INH, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide


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If prophylaxis is administered, the options include:

●Ciprofloxacin — 500 mg once daily

●Norfloxacin (not available in the US) — 400 mg once daily

●Rifaximin — 200 mg once or twice daily

●Bismuth subsalicylate — two tablets chewed four times dail

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Flashcard 5463655189772

Question

If prophylaxis is administered, the options include:

Answer
[default - edit me]


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Parent (intermediate) annotation

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If prophylaxis is administered, the options include: ●Ciprofloxacin — 500 mg once daily ●Norfloxacin (not available in the US) — 400 mg once daily ●Rifaximin — 200 mg once or twice daily ●Bismuth subsalicylate — two tablets chewed four ti

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Flashcard 5463656238348

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer

●Ciprofloxacin — 500 mg once daily

●Norfloxacin (not available in the US) — 400 mg once daily

●Rifaximin — 200 mg once or twice daily

●Bismuth subsalicylate — two tablets chewed four times dail


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Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
If prophylaxis is administered, the options include: ●Ciprofloxacin — 500 mg once daily ●Norfloxacin (not available in the US) — 400 mg once daily ●Rifaximin — 200 mg once or twice daily ●Bismuth subsalicylate — two tablets chewed four times dail

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