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Tropical Storm Eta has formed in the Caribbean, tying the record for most named storms in a single Atlantic hurricane season.
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h named Atlantic storm this season, tying the 2005 record for named storms. Share Article 0 PRINT A A A Eta is the 28th named Atlantic storm this season, tying the 2005 record for named storms. <span>Tropical Storm Eta has formed in the Caribbean, tying the record for most named storms in a single Atlantic hurricane season. The system reached maximum sustained winds of 65 kph late on Saturday, the National Hurricane Centre said in an advisory. It’s centred 435 kilometres southeast of Kingston, Jamaica. Eta




Eta is the 28th named Atlantic storm this season, tying the 2005 record for named storms. However, this is the first time the Greek letter Eta is being used as a storm name because in 2005, after the season ended meteorologists went back and determined there was a storm that should have gotten a name, but didn’t.
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ane season. The system reached maximum sustained winds of 65 kph late on Saturday, the National Hurricane Centre said in an advisory. It’s centred 435 kilometres southeast of Kingston, Jamaica. <span>Eta is the 28th named Atlantic storm this season, tying the 2005 record for named storms. However, this is the first time the Greek letter Eta is being used as a storm name because in 2005, after the season ended meteorologists went back and determined there was a storm that should have gotten a name, but didn’t. Hurricane season still has a month to go, ending November 30. And in 2005, Zeta formed in the end of December. A letter from the Editor Dear reader, We have been keeping you up-to-date




Izmir (Turkey)
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ws National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International 70-year-old pulled alive as Turkey earthquake death toll hits 53 AP <span>Izmir (Turkey) , November 01, 2020 12:41 IST Updated: November 01, 2020 15:26 IST AP Izmir (Turkey) , November 01, 2020 12:41 IST Updated: November 01, 2020 15:26 IST AFAD said more than 5,700 personn




Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, or AFAD
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media reported three more people were pulled out Sunday from one collapsed apartment building but their conditions were not known. Dogs, cats and rabbits have also been rescued from the debris. <span>Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, or AFAD, raised the death toll in Izmir, Turkey’s third-largest city, to 51 as rescuers pulled more bodies out of toppled buildings. Two teenagers were killed Friday on the Greek island of Samo




Two teenagers were killed Friday on the Greek island of Samos and at least 19 others were injured.
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bris. Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, or AFAD, raised the death toll in Izmir, Turkey’s third-largest city, to 51 as rescuers pulled more bodies out of toppled buildings. <span>Two teenagers were killed Friday on the Greek island of Samos and at least 19 others were injured. There was some debate over the magnitude of the earthquake. The US Geological Survey rated it 7.0, while the Istanbul’s Kandilli Institute put it at 6.9 and Turkey’s Disaster and Emerge




The quake triggered a small tsunami in the Seferihisar district of Izmir
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e earthquake. The US Geological Survey rated it 7.0, while the Istanbul’s Kandilli Institute put it at 6.9 and Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD) said it measured 6.6. <span>The quake triggered a small tsunami in the Seferihisar district of Izmir, drowning one elderly woman, and on Samos. The tremors were felt across western Turkey, including in Istanbul, as well as in the Greek capital of Athens. Hundreds of aftershocks followe




At least 37 killed in Aegean Sea earthquake that hit Turkey and Greek island
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Aegean Sea earthquake that hit Turkey and Greek island Share On 1 News National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International <span>At least 37 killed in Aegean Sea earthquake that hit Turkey and Greek island AP IZMIR, October 31, 2020 13:40 IST Updated: October 31, 2020 21:38 IST AP IZMIR, October 31, 2020 13:40 IST Updated: October 31, 2020 21:38 IST Share Article 1 PRINT A A A An aerial v




Typhoon Goni hit the island province of Catanduanes at dawn with sustained winds equivalent to a Category 5 hurricane

A powerful super typhoon slammed into the eastern Philippines with ferocious winds on November 1, killing at least seven people and causing volcanic mudflows to bury houses before weakening as it blew toward Manila, where the capital’s main airport was shut down, officials said.

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are Article 0 PRINT A A A Strong waves batter the coast of Sorsogon province, central Philippines as a typhoon locally known as Goni hits the country on Sunday, Nov. 1, 2020. | Photo Credit: AP <span>Typhoon Goni hit the island province of Catanduanes at dawn with sustained winds equivalent to a Category 5 hurricane A powerful super typhoon slammed into the eastern Philippines with ferocious winds on November 1, killing at least seven people and causing volcanic mudflows to bury houses before weakening as it blew toward Manila, where the capital’s main airport was shut down, officials said. Typhoon Goni hit the island Province of Catanduanes at dawn with sustained winds of 225 kmph and gusts of 280 kmph. It was barrelling west toward densely populated regions, including Ma




Typhoon Haiyan, which left more than 7,300 people dead or missing, flattened entire villages, swept ships inland and displaced more than 5 million in the central Philippines in November 2013.
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poke, saying that a part of the tin roof of her neighbor’s house was nearly ripped off by a frightening gust. One of the most powerful typhoons in the world in 2020, Goni has evoked memories of <span>Typhoon Haiyan, which left more than 7,300 people dead or missing, flattened entire villages, swept ships inland and displaced more than 5 million in the central Philippines in November 2013. Goni weakened before nightfall, with sustained winds of 165 kmph and gusts of up to 230 kmph, but remained dangerously strong, forecasters said. Mr. Jalad, the disaster-response officia




metropolitan Manila
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s said. Mr. Jalad, the disaster-response official, said nearly a million people were preemptively moved into emergency shelters. Forecasters said the typhoon’s eye may pass about 70 km south of <span>metropolitan Manila, the sprawling capital region of more than 13 million people, around nightfall on November 1. Manila’s main airport was ordered shut down for 24 hours from November 1, and airlines canc




MANILA, Philippines
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0 News National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International At least 7 killed as powerful typhoon slams into Philippines AP <span>MANILA, Philippines, November 01, 2020 15:55 IST Updated: November 01, 2020 19:49 IST AP MANILA, Philippines, November 01, 2020 15:55 IST Updated: November 01, 2020 19:49 IST Typhoon Goni hit the island pr




France is under high security alert after the killing of three people at a Nice church
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e motive for Saturday’s shooting remains unclear. Anti-terrorism prosecutors are not investigating the case, and the Lyon prosecutor opened an attempted murder investigation. The attack came as <span>France is under high security alert after the killing of three people at a Nice church on Thursday, amid global tensions over cartoons of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad published in a French newspaper. The French Prime Minister has promised more protection for religious site




France is under high security alert after the killing of three people at a Nice church
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e motive for Saturday’s shooting remains unclear. Anti-terrorism prosecutors are not investigating the case, and the Lyon prosecutor opened an attempted murder investigation. The attack came as <span>France is under high security alert after the killing of three people at a Nice church on Thursday, amid global tensions over cartoons of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad published in a French newspaper. The French Prime Minister has promised more protection for religious site




the Strategic Trade Authorisation (STA)- 1 categorisation for India; the first 2+2 dialogue; the signing of the COMCASA in a shape acceptable to us; the approval by Congress for a general waiver provision in the CAATSA; a (temporary) waiver for India on Iran oil purchases and Chabahar... A very impressive list of strategic gains
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s the ‘Indo-Pacific’ Command set into motion a more positive foreign policy framework for India. Also read: A wing and a prayer for ‘Howdy Modi!’ “Over just three or four months in 2018, we saw <span>the Strategic Trade Authorisation (STA)- 1 categorisation for India; the first 2+2 dialogue; the signing of the COMCASA in a shape acceptable to us; the approval by Congress for a general waiver provision in the CAATSA; a (temporary) waiver for India on Iran oil purchases and Chabahar... A very impressive list of strategic gains,” Mr. Sarna recounted to The Hindu. China and Pakistan More importantly, given the 2017 Doklam conflict with China and continuing cross-border attacks by groups from Pakistan, Mr. Trump




“The U.S. has treated India far more gently than Mr. Trump has treated China, or even U.S. allies, and despite several opportunities to train his guns on India, other than the removal of the GSP, he didn’t do very much on penalising India,” said noted analyst Ashley Tellis at a seminar organised by Carnegie India this week.
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Cabinet last year, Mr. Trump announced he would withdraw India’s Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) status for exporters. Also read: Trump calls Modi a ‘true friend’, lavishes praise on PM <span>“The U.S. has treated India far more gently than Mr. Trump has treated China, or even U.S. allies, and despite several opportunities to train his guns on India, other than the removal of the GSP, he didn’t do very much on penalising India,” said noted analyst Ashley Tellis at a seminar organised by Carnegie India this week. Unpredictable attacks The biggest challenge, say officials, is the unpredictability that has accompanied Mr. Trump, particularly in his tweets, where he had relayed private conversation




Unlike India, in the US, there is no universal requirement of voter identity cards. In a country that has millions of documented and undocumented non-citizens, the integrity of the election can be easily called into question.
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e of a central authority or uniform rules that run across the country, like in India, conflicting and chaotic election rules in various jurisdictions have become a source of political conflict. <span>Unlike India, in the US, there is no universal requirement of voter identity cards. In a country that has millions of documented and undocumented non-citizens, the integrity of the election can be easily called into question. The familiar argument is that there is no evidence of large-scale election fraud, but there can be no evidence when it has not been the subject an investigation. There is no meeting poi




World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
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Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. File Photo. | Photo Credit: Reuters Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that he is feeling well and did not have any symptoms. <span>World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said on Sunday that he had been identified as a contact of someone who tested positive for COVID-19, but added that he was feeling well and did not have any symptoms. “I have been ident




Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage will relaunch the group as an anti-lockdown party called Reform UK in an attempt to fight anti-coronavirus measures imposed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government.
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ers The new party will back a policy of focused protection from the coronavirus for only the most vulnerable, and allow the rest of the population to develop herd immunity, according to Farage. <span>Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage will relaunch the group as an anti-lockdown party called Reform UK in an attempt to fight anti-coronavirus measures imposed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government. The new party will back a policy of focused protection from the coronavirus for only the most vulnerable, and allow the rest of the population to develop herd immunity, Mr. Farage and p




The Brexit Party was set up in early 2019 by Mr. Farage, whose years of campaigning against membership of the European Union played a major part in delivering the 2016 referendum in which the UK voted to leave the bloc.
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ity, Mr. Farage and party Chairman Richard Tice wrote in an opinion piece in The Telegraph on Sunday. Papers seeking the name change have been submitted to the Electoral Commission, they added. <span>The Brexit Party was set up in early 2019 by Mr. Farage, whose years of campaigning against membership of the European Union played a major part in delivering the 2016 referendum in which the UK voted to leave the bloc. “We are showing the courage needed to take on consensus thinking and vested interests on COVID. But there are so many areas of public life that can be improved to benefit ordinary peopl




New Zealand’s new Deputy Prime Minister Grant Robertson will be the country’s first openly gay man
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remarkable for its diversity. | Photo Credit: AP Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced her new Cabinet lineup after her liberal Labour Party won re-election in a landslide victory last month. <span>New Zealand’s new Deputy Prime Minister Grant Robertson will be the country’s first openly gay man to hold the role and is among a team of top lawmakers announced on Monday that is remarkable for its diversity. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced her new Cabinet lineup after her




The Labour Party nevertheless signed a “co-operation agreement” with the Green Party on Sunday, which says the two parties will work together on climate, environment and child-wellbeing issues.
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October 17 election, the Labour Party won an outright majority in Parliament, the first time any party has achieved that since New Zealand implemented a proportional voting system 24 years ago. <span>The Labour Party nevertheless signed a “co-operation agreement” with the Green Party on Sunday, which says the two parties will work together on climate, environment and child-wellbeing issues. Two Green Party lawmakers have been given ministerial roles outside of the Cabinet. Ms. Ardern demoted some ministers considered to have underperformed during her first term, including




This comes after a consortium of businesses decided to hit pause on advertising with Facebook in July, keeping in mind the social media platform’s inability to curb hate speech.

The 'Stop Hate For Profit' movement was participated by an alliance of more than 1000 members including large companies like Unilever, Verizon, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Microsoft, Volkswagen and Adidas.

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company Snap said its revenue grew by more than 50% in the same quarter, owing to an increase in brand advertising "during the period of uncertainty" referring to the Facebook boycott movement. <span>This comes after a consortium of businesses decided to hit pause on advertising with Facebook in July, keeping in mind the social media platform’s inability to curb hate speech. The 'Stop Hate For Profit' movement was participated by an alliance of more than 1000 members including large companies like Unilever, Verizon, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Microsoft, Volkswagen and Adidas. Also read | Ahead of U.S. election, Facebook suspends political and new group recommendations Facebook earns most of its revenue through its advertising services. The world's second-lar




Edward Snowden aims to become dual U.S.-Russian citizen
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dward Snowden aims to become dual U.S.-Russian citizen Share On 0 News National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International <span>Edward Snowden aims to become dual U.S.-Russian citizen Reuters MOSCOW, November 02, 2020 13:23 IST Updated: November 02, 2020 13:23 IST Reuters MOSCOW, November 02, 2020 13:23 IST Updated: November 02, 2020 13:23 IST U.S. authorities have f




Pakistan PM Imran Khan to launch ‘CPEC City’ project in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province
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nch ‘CPEC City’ project in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province Share On 0 News National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International <span>Pakistan PM Imran Khan to launch ‘CPEC City’ project in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province PTI Peshawar:, November 02, 2020 16:26 IST Updated: November 02, 2020 16:29 IST PTI Peshawar:, November 02, 2020 16:26 IST Updated: November 02, 2020 16:29 IST The city will consist of




“We have decided to grant provisional provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan, which was a long-standing demand here,” Mr. Khan said in a speech in Gilgit city on Sunday.
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ea now known as Gilgit-Baltistan since shortly after the country’s birth in 1947, but New Delhi asserts the mountainous territory bordering China and Afghanistan is an integral part of Kashmir. <span>“We have decided to grant provisional provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan, which was a long-standing demand here,” Mr. Khan said in a speech in Gilgit city on Sunday. Also Read Gilgit-Baltistan a part of India, says MEA The move comes after New Delhi last year revoked the special status of Kashmir, upending a decades-long status quo and drawing stron




China has spent years building infrastructure projects in Gilgit-Baltistan, home to an estimated 1.3 million people, including a long stretch of the Karakoram Highway, a key component to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
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long status quo and drawing strong condemnation from Islamabad. Mr. Khan, who was speaking ahead of local elections slated for November 15, did not provide a timeline for the move. Chinese role <span>China has spent years building infrastructure projects in Gilgit-Baltistan, home to an estimated 1.3 million people, including a long stretch of the Karakoram Highway, a key component to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Mr. Khan said the modern and well-maintained road had brought important progress to Gilgit-Baltistan and the move to make the area a province would help “uplift backward areas and poor




New Delhi condemned Mr. Khan’s announcement, saying it would “bring material changes to a part of Indian territory”.

“Such attempts by Pakistan, intended to camouflage its illegal occupation, cannot hide the grave human rights violations, exploitation and denial of freedom for over seven decades to the people residing in these Pakistan-occupied territories,” India’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Shri Anurag Srivastava said in a statement.

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areas and poor segments of society”. Any change in status would require a constitutional amendment. If finalised, it would make Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan’s fifth province. ‘Illegal occupation’ <span>New Delhi condemned Mr. Khan’s announcement, saying it would “bring material changes to a part of Indian territory”. “Such attempts by Pakistan, intended to camouflage its illegal occupation, cannot hide the grave human rights violations, exploitation and denial of freedom for over seven decades to the people residing in these Pakistan-occupied territories,” India’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Shri Anurag Srivastava said in a statement. Two of the three wars the rival neighbours have fought since independence have been over Kashmir — home to shrinking Himalayan glaciers seen as vital lifelines to the water stressed cou




Thousands in Dhaka rally against France
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- Download PDF Thousands in Dhaka rally against France Share On 0 News National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International <span>Thousands in Dhaka rally against France AFP November 02, 2020 22:36 IST Updated: November 02, 2020 22:36 IST AFP November 02, 2020 22:36 IST Updated: November 02, 2020 22:36 IST A rally which started at Bangladesh’s biggest m




Five killed in Vienna shooting; attacker sympathised with IS
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lled in Vienna shooting; attacker sympathised with IS Share On 15 News National International States Cities Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News International International <span>Five killed in Vienna shooting; attacker sympathised with IS AP VIENNA , November 03, 2020 04:49 IST Updated: November 03, 2020 14:43 IST AP VIENNA , November 03, 2020 04:49 IST Updated: November 03, 2020 14:43 IST Police said that several shots




In contrast to the strong reaction to India’s Jammu and Kashmir reorganisation move last year, China on Wednesday refrained from voicing its opposition to Pakistan’s announced move to accord “provisional provincial status” to Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).
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cle 7 PRINT A A A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin. File | Photo Credit: Reuters It’s in contrast to its strong reaction to India’s Jammu and Kashmir reorganisation move last year <span>In contrast to the strong reaction to India’s Jammu and Kashmir reorganisation move last year, China on Wednesday refrained from voicing its opposition to Pakistan’s announced move to accord “provisional provincial status” to Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Also read: Gilgit-Baltistan to be a full province: Pakistan PM In a more muted response, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said it had “noted relevant reports” and that “China’s position on




China had also opposed the creation of Ladakh as Union Territory. While Delhi had conveyed to Beijing the move neither changed external boundaries nor territorial claims, China said it was “always opposed to India’s inclusion of the Chinese territory in the western sector of the China-India boundary into its administrative jurisdiction” referring to Aksai Chin.
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tus quo and escalate tensions. We call on both India and Pakistan to peacefully resolve the relevant disputes through dialogue and consultation and safeguard peace and stability in the region.” <span>China had also opposed the creation of Ladakh as Union Territory. While Delhi had conveyed to Beijing the move neither changed external boundaries nor territorial claims, China said it was “always opposed to India’s inclusion of the Chinese territory in the western sector of the China-India boundary into its administrative jurisdiction” referring to Aksai Chin. The move, Beijing said, “undermined China’s territorial sovereignty by unilaterally changing domestic law”. Also read: Gilgit-Baltistan: The land of peaks, streams and disputes Asked on




Russia’s top diplomat said Tuesday that about 2,000 fighters from the Middle East have joined the fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh, the worst outbreak of hostilities in the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in more than a quarter-century.
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. Share Article 0 PRINT A A A Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. | Photo Credit: AP Sergey Lavrov’s statement came as the warring parties traded accusations over new attacks in the region. <span>Russia’s top diplomat said Tuesday that about 2,000 fighters from the Middle East have joined the fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh, the worst outbreak of hostilities in the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in more than a quarter-century. Watch | All about the Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s statement came as the warring parties traded accusations over new attacks in the region. “We ar




Nagorno-Karabakh lies within Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a war there ended in 1994. The latest outburst of hostilities began Sept. 27 and has left hundreds — perhaps thousands — dead, marking the worst escalation of fighting since the war’s end.
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number in the conflict zone is approaching 2,000”. Mr. Lavrov added that Russian President Vladimir Putin raised the issue in last week’s phone call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. <span>Nagorno-Karabakh lies within Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a war there ended in 1994. The latest outburst of hostilities began Sept. 27 and has left hundreds — perhaps thousands — dead, marking the worst escalation of fighting since the war’s end. Azerbaijan has relied on strong support from its ally Turkey, which has trained Azerbaijani military and provided it with strike drones and long-range rocket systems. Armenian officials




Azerbaijan has relied on strong support from its ally Turkey, which has trained Azerbaijani military and provided it with strike drones and long-range rocket systems. Armenian officials accuse Turkey of being directly involved in the conflict and sending mercenaries from Syria to fight on Azerbaijan’s side.
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ince a war there ended in 1994. The latest outburst of hostilities began Sept. 27 and has left hundreds — perhaps thousands — dead, marking the worst escalation of fighting since the war’s end. <span>Azerbaijan has relied on strong support from its ally Turkey, which has trained Azerbaijani military and provided it with strike drones and long-range rocket systems. Armenian officials accuse Turkey of being directly involved in the conflict and sending mercenaries from Syria to fight on Azerbaijan’s side. Turkey has denied deploying combatants to the region, but a Syrian war monitor and Syria-based opposition activists have confirmed that Turkey has sent hundreds of Syrian opposition fig




Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev has insisted that Azerbaijan has the right to reclaim its territory by force after three decades of fruitless international mediation. He said that Armenia must pledge to withdraw from Nagorno-Karabakh as a condition for a lasting truce.
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for violations. Artillery fire hit the region’s capital Stepanakert on Tuesday night and Nagorno-Karabakh emergencies ministry also said three rockets hit the strategically key city of Shushi. <span>Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev has insisted that Azerbaijan has the right to reclaim its territory by force after three decades of fruitless international mediation. He said that Armenia must pledge to withdraw from Nagorno-Karabakh as a condition for a lasting truce. Azerbaijani troops have reclaimed control of several regions on the fringes of Nagorno-Karabakh and pressed their offensive into the separatist territory from the south, trying to cut a




Once the FPCA is approved, a trial is conducted. The county clerk who manages elections in the astronaut's home county sends a test ballot to a team in the Space Center. They then use a space station training computer to test whether they're able to fill out and send it back to the county.

After a successful test, a secure electronic ballot generated by the clerk's office of the various counties in Texas is uplinked to the Johnson's Mission Control Center to the voting crew member. An e-mail with crew member-specific credentials is sent from the county clerk to the astronaut. These credentials allow the crew member to access the secure ballot.

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g from other states can work with their respective counties to make special arrangements to vote from space. Also read | Nokia's 4G lunar network is bad for radio astronomy, astrophysicist says <span>Once the FPCA is approved, a trial is conducted. The county clerk who manages elections in the astronaut's home county sends a test ballot to a team in the Space Center. They then use a space station training computer to test whether they're able to fill out and send it back to the county. After a successful test, a secure electronic ballot generated by the clerk's office of the various counties in Texas is uplinked to the Johnson's Mission Control Center to the voting crew member. An e-mail with crew member-specific credentials is sent from the county clerk to the astronaut. These credentials allow the crew member to access the secure ballot. The secure and completed ballot travels through NASA's Space Network, like most data transmitted between the space station and mission control. The network is managed by NASA's Goddard




Last week, NASA astronaut Kate Rubins cast her vote for the U.S. Presidential Election 250 miles above the Earth's surface. She cast her vote for the first time from International Space Station's voting booth in the 2016 election when she was an Expedition 48-49 member, making this year her second time voting from a low-Earth orbit.

Voting from space has been possible since 1997 when a bill was passed to legally allow voting from space in the U.S. state of Texas. That year, NASA astronaut David Wolf became the first American to vote from space on the Mir Space Station.

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the first American to vote from space on the Mir Space Station in 1997. (Subscribe to our Today's Cache newsletter for a quick snapshot of top 5 tech stories. Click here to subscribe for free.) <span>Last week, NASA astronaut Kate Rubins cast her vote for the U.S. Presidential Election 250 miles above the Earth's surface. She cast her vote for the first time from International Space Station's voting booth in the 2016 election when she was an Expedition 48-49 member, making this year her second time voting from a low-Earth orbit. Voting from space has been possible since 1997 when a bill was passed to legally allow voting from space in the U.S. state of Texas. That year, NASA astronaut David Wolf became the first American to vote from space on the Mir Space Station. Since then, several NASA astronauts have exercised the civic duty from orbit. How it works A form of absentee voting, the process starts with filling a Federal Postcard Application (FPC




Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI)
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ST Discovered alive in Indian waters for the first time Share Article 1 PRINT A A A Scorponfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta) Discovered alive in Indian waters for the first time Researchers at the <span>Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) have found a rare fish from Sethukarai coast in the Gulf of Mannar. Camouflaged within the seagrass meadows, the band-tail scorpionfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta), well-known for its sti




Sethukarai coast in the Gulf of Mannar.
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A A Scorponfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta) Discovered alive in Indian waters for the first time Researchers at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) have found a rare fish from <span>Sethukarai coast in the Gulf of Mannar. Camouflaged within the seagrass meadows, the band-tail scorpionfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta), well-known for its stinging venomous spines and ability to change colour, was found during




Sethukarai coast in the Gulf of Mannar.

Camouflaged within the seagrass meadows, the band-tail scorpionfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta), well-known for its stinging venomous spines and ability to change colour, was found during an exploratory survey of the seagrass ecosystem.

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A A Scorponfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta) Discovered alive in Indian waters for the first time Researchers at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) have found a rare fish from <span>Sethukarai coast in the Gulf of Mannar. Camouflaged within the seagrass meadows, the band-tail scorpionfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta), well-known for its stinging venomous spines and ability to change colour, was found during an exploratory survey of the seagrass ecosystem. This was the first time that the particular species was found alive in Indian waters, said a press release. The fish has the ability to change colour and blend with its surrounding envi




This was the first time that the particular species was found alive in Indian waters, said a press release.
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the band-tail scorpionfish (Scorpaenospsis neglecta), well-known for its stinging venomous spines and ability to change colour, was found during an exploratory survey of the seagrass ecosystem. <span>This was the first time that the particular species was found alive in Indian waters, said a press release. The fish has the ability to change colour and blend with its surrounding environment to escape from predators and while preying. “During the underwater survey, this species was first si




“During the underwater survey, this species was first sighted as a coral skeleton.

On first look, its appearance was totally confusing and we doubted if it was a fish or fossilised coral skeleton covered with bivalve shells.

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species was found alive in Indian waters, said a press release. The fish has the ability to change colour and blend with its surrounding environment to escape from predators and while preying. <span>“During the underwater survey, this species was first sighted as a coral skeleton. On first look, its appearance was totally confusing and we doubted if it was a fish or fossilised coral skeleton covered with bivalve shells. Colour changing “It started changing when we disturbed it by touching a dead coral fragment. Within four seconds, the skin of the fish changed from white to mottled black colour,” said




The fish is called ‘scorpionfish’ because its spines contain neurotoxic venom.
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g a dead coral fragment. Within four seconds, the skin of the fish changed from white to mottled black colour,” said R. Jeyabaskaran, senior scientist at CMFRI, who led the team of researchers. <span>The fish is called ‘scorpionfish’ because its spines contain neurotoxic venom. Neurotoxic “When the spines pierce an individual, the venom gets injected immediately and it can be extremely painful,” Mr. Jeyabaskaran said, adding that eating the fish would lead to




Neurotoxic

“When the spines pierce an individual, the venom gets injected immediately and it can be extremely painful,” Mr. Jeyabaskaran said, adding that eating the fish would lead to death.

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white to mottled black colour,” said R. Jeyabaskaran, senior scientist at CMFRI, who led the team of researchers. The fish is called ‘scorpionfish’ because its spines contain neurotoxic venom. <span>Neurotoxic “When the spines pierce an individual, the venom gets injected immediately and it can be extremely painful,” Mr. Jeyabaskaran said, adding that eating the fish would lead to death. The specimen has been deposited in the National Marine Biodiversity Museum of the CMFRI. The research work was published in the latest issue of the journal Current Science. A letter fro




Aptly themed ‘Time for Nature’, the focus of World Environment Day 2020 is on how humankind is on the verge of a breakdown and why it is time to save our resources and reconnect with nature. Hosted by Columbia, in partnership with Germany, June 5
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conservation organisations are staying connected with volunteers and pet lovers this lockdown There couldn’t be a better time to shed light on how we humans are gradually destroying our planet. <span>Aptly themed ‘Time for Nature’, the focus of World Environment Day 2020 is on how humankind is on the verge of a breakdown and why it is time to save our resources and reconnect with nature. Hosted by Columbia, in partnership with Germany, June 5 will see over 100 countries virtually commemorate the day with events, seminars and discussions. Watch | World Environment Day 2020: Time for nature World Environment Day 2020: Time for




Blue Cross of India, Chennai

Since March, the animal welfare charity continued to keep its rescue activities open (for critical animals) and focussed on treating, feeding and maintaining the approximately 1,800 animals at the shelter. The lockdown fundraising kickstarted with a ketto campaign in early March (over ₹14 lakh has been raised till date) and has been followed by community volunteer initiatives.

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ll take them through the facility’s five habitats: rainforest, gorge, mangrove, coastal and deep ocean. Q&A sessions will also be organised during the session.” Details: vgpmarinekingdom.in <span>Blue Cross of India, Chennai Since March, the animal welfare charity continued to keep its rescue activities open (for critical animals) and focussed on treating, feeding and maintaining the approximately 1,800 animals at the shelter. The lockdown fundraising kickstarted with a ketto campaign in early March (over ₹14 lakh has been raised till date) and has been followed by community volunteer initiatives. A volunteer feeding stray dogs and (right) a cow at their shelter | Photo Credit: Blue Cross of India “We then launched the Karuna lockdown Street Animal Nutrition Programme to feed str




SAI (Save Animals Initiative) Sanctuary Trust, Coorg

With over 300 acres under their protection, Pamela Malhotra and husband Anil have always encouraged people to visit their sanctuary in the Kodagu district. This year has been different as the eco-tourism wing had to be closed in March. “A majority of our expenses are paid from our own pockets and donations are few and far between [even smaller donations have stalled now],” says Pamela.

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ogramme’s value is a little over ₹21 lakh and we have fed approximately 95,000 animals as of June 1,” he adds. Details: bluecrossofindia.org To watch virtual safaris in South Africa, click here <span>SAI (Save Animals Initiative) Sanctuary Trust, Coorg With over 300 acres under their protection, Pamela Malhotra and husband Anil have always encouraged people to visit their sanctuary in the Kodagu district. This year has been different as the eco-tourism wing had to be closed in March. “A majority of our expenses are paid from our own pockets and donations are few and far between [even smaller donations have stalled now],” says Pamela. (clockwise from top) A small-clawed river otter, Pamela and Anil Malhotra and a three-toed kingfisher | Photo Credit: SAI Sanctuary Monthly expenditures at SAI can go up to ₹6 lakh, inc




“Asian small-clawed river otters are found at SAI and this year, I documented Eurasian otters that have not been seen in the region for over a century. Both have been listed as ‘Schedule 1’, meaning ‘most endangered’.” The duo is now pushing for a river otter sanctuary which, with the enhanced protection for the area, will also help local communities with purer and unpolluted river water for drinking.
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t out a call for funding or launch a sponsorship programme because we have poor internet and telephone connectivity,” says Pamela, adding that the lockdown, however, has been good for wildlife. <span>“Asian small-clawed river otters are found at SAI and this year, I documented Eurasian otters that have not been seen in the region for over a century. Both have been listed as ‘Schedule 1’, meaning ‘most endangered’.” The duo is now pushing for a river otter sanctuary which, with the enhanced protection for the area, will also help local communities with purer and unpolluted river water for drinking. Details: saisanctuary@gmail.com Trunk Call Foundation, Maharashtra Anand Shinde, the ‘elephant whisperer’ from Thane, had his hands full this lockdown. Known for his conservation and re




Trunk Call Foundation, Maharashtra

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or a river otter sanctuary which, with the enhanced protection for the area, will also help local communities with purer and unpolluted river water for drinking. Details: saisanctuary@gmail.com <span>Trunk Call Foundation, Maharashtra Anand Shinde, the ‘elephant whisperer’ from Thane, had his hands full this lockdown. Known for his conservation and rehabilitation projects for elephant calves in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka




TREE Foundation, Chennai
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racking the Nisarga cyclone and trying to safeguard birds. We have 25 artificial bird nests and they will be installed if trees get uprooted.” Details: facebook.com/TrunkCall.WildLifeFoundation <span>TREE Foundation, Chennai Known for its community-based marine conservation and education programmes, the organisation has now put forth 13 acres (adjacent to their Biodiversity Education Centre in Marakkanam) t




India Project for Animals and Nature (IPAN), Masinagudi

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photos of the leopard, elephant or bear they are sponsoring, a biography, periodic updates about the animal, and a personalised certificate,” he says. Details: wildlifesos.org/sponsor-an-animal <span>India Project for Animals and Nature (IPAN), Masinagudi Nigel Otter shells out approximately ₹2 lakh a month for the upkeep of his Hill View Farm in the Nilgiris. Home to 200 rescued animals — donkeys, ponies, horses, dogs, cattle, buffaloes




Karbi Anglong adjoins the southern edge of the 898 sq. km. KNP, which has about 2,400 rhinos. The jungles on the hills of Karbi Anglong are a refuge for animals of the park when it is flooded during the monsoon months.
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ple arrested yesterday (Tuesday) pointed to a long-term planning by the kind of poachers we have not dealt with earlier,” said Debojit Deuri, Superintendent of Police of Karbi Anglong district. <span>Karbi Anglong adjoins the southern edge of the 898 sq. km. KNP, which has about 2,400 rhinos. The jungles on the hills of Karbi Anglong are a refuge for animals of the park when it is flooded during the monsoon months. Links to extremism Of the three arrested, Biki Thapa and Simon Lakra of central Assam’s Nagaon district had cases of poaching against them. The other one, David Siama from Manipur’s Chu




Manipur’s Churachandpur
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g the monsoon months. Links to extremism Of the three arrested, Biki Thapa and Simon Lakra of central Assam’s Nagaon district had cases of poaching against them. The other one, David Siama from <span>Manipur’s Churachandpur, is believed to be involved with an extremist group. Apart from a hand grenade, an AK-81, two AK-56 rifles, a double-barrel gun and 400 rounds of assorted ammunition were seized from th




Karbi Anglong, adjoining Nagaland, has several extremist groups — some engaged in talks with the government, some dormant.
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ith KNP Director P. Sivakumar, the kind of ammunition the hunters carried blurred the line between poachers and extremists. The three poachers and the team that caught them. SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT <span>Karbi Anglong, adjoining Nagaland, has several extremist groups — some engaged in talks with the government, some dormant. But each group has been producing factions that veer towards illegal trade in wildlife body parts, specifically rhino horns, although it was left to “outsourced” locals to do the huntin




The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Bhutan for cooperation in the field of environment protection and management of natural resources.

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te change. Share Article 0 PRINT A A A Prime Minister Narendra Modi chairs a Cabinet meeting, in New Delhi. | Photo Credit: PTI It will cover air, waste, chemical management and climate change. <span>The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Bhutan for cooperation in the field of environment protection and management of natural resources. Also Read | People may criticise us, but environment is top priority for Bhutan, says Lotay Tshering The MoU, cleared at a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, “will enable




The MoU will cover air, waste, chemical management, climate change and other areas and will remain in force for 10 years from the date of signing.
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basis of equity, reciprocity and mutual benefits, taking into account the laws and legal provisions in each country,” the government said. Also Read | Bhutan ends free entry for Indian tourists <span>The MoU will cover air, waste, chemical management, climate change and other areas and will remain in force for 10 years from the date of signing. “The MoU shall facilitate exchange of experiences, best practices and technical knowhow through both public and private sectors and shall contribute to sustainable development. It provi




“On an average, reduction in particulate matter (PM) concentrations over southern part of India is around 50-60%, and over the Indo-Gangetic basin, including Delhi, UP, Bihar, West Bengal etc it is as much as 75%,” he said.
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satisfactory or good. The main reason is reduced human activities,” said S K Satheesh, Professor at Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore. <span>“On an average, reduction in particulate matter (PM) concentrations over southern part of India is around 50-60%, and over the Indo-Gangetic basin, including Delhi, UP, Bihar, West Bengal etc it is as much as 75%,” he said. Mr. Satheesh noted that the major contributing factors of pollution are transport vehicles, industries, crop-residue burning, waste burning and so on. He explained that in cities, more




Mr. Varghese noted that the lockdown has also resulted in effects that people cannot see, like the gradual repair of the ozone hole.
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tement. Based on earlier studies, he believes that atmospheric aerosols have a crucial role in determining the onset date of monsoon, and also the distribution of monsoon rainfall across India. <span>Mr. Varghese noted that the lockdown has also resulted in effects that people cannot see, like the gradual repair of the ozone hole. Large reduction in air-traffic resulted in a significant reduction in particulate matter and greenhouse gas emissions in the upper atmosphere, some of which are already shown to impact




Large reduction in air-traffic resulted in a significant reduction in particulate matter and greenhouse gas emissions in the upper atmosphere, some of which are already shown to impact the stratospheric ozone layer through self-lofting of these pollutants emitted by airplanes, Mr. Satheesh explained.
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and also the distribution of monsoon rainfall across India. Mr. Varghese noted that the lockdown has also resulted in effects that people cannot see, like the gradual repair of the ozone hole. <span>Large reduction in air-traffic resulted in a significant reduction in particulate matter and greenhouse gas emissions in the upper atmosphere, some of which are already shown to impact the stratospheric ozone layer through self-lofting of these pollutants emitted by airplanes, Mr. Satheesh explained. Large reduction in airplane emissions would further the recovery of ozone hole, which is already taking place, he said. Mr. Varghese noted that when COVID-19 fears recede, things are ex




Considering the Brown Rock Chat (or Indian Chat, Oenanthe fusca) lives most of its life in and around older settlements, we hardly see it in Delhi anymore. It is known as an Indian endemic (found in the Indian Subcontinent, though absent in the extreme south).
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r went on to tell me it was quite common near their house in Nirman Vihar, where they had lived. That was a time of single-storied houses with ventilation, crevices and holes for birds to nest. <span>Considering the Brown Rock Chat (or Indian Chat, Oenanthe fusca) lives most of its life in and around older settlements, we hardly see it in Delhi anymore. It is known as an Indian endemic (found in the Indian Subcontinent, though absent in the extreme south). The Brown Rock Chat Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons/ T. R. Shankar Both sexes are alike, so impossible to tell apart on the field. They do not show flocking behaviour and are thus found




Both sexes are alike, so impossible to tell apart on the field. They do not show flocking behaviour and are thus found mostly singly or at most in pairs.

The bird is mostly found in the plains, frequenting ruins, abandoned buildings, old brickyards, and low rocky hills. In the days of city bungalows, it was bold enough to enter homes and build nests in a vacant shelf, but today it is mainly found on the outskirts, where such houses are still constructed.

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it in Delhi anymore. It is known as an Indian endemic (found in the Indian Subcontinent, though absent in the extreme south). The Brown Rock Chat Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons/ T. R. Shankar <span>Both sexes are alike, so impossible to tell apart on the field. They do not show flocking behaviour and are thus found mostly singly or at most in pairs. The bird is mostly found in the plains, frequenting ruins, abandoned buildings, old brickyards, and low rocky hills. In the days of city bungalows, it was bold enough to enter homes and build nests in a vacant shelf, but today it is mainly found on the outskirts, where such houses are still constructed. This species is a prime insectivore, its slender, slightly curved bill helping it to catch and feed on insects like beetles and ants that they capture on ground, mostly by flying down f




Chee’ while raising and fanning its tail and often a harsh ‘check-check’ when alarmed.
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fs of houses, and more commonly on electrical wires. While perched, its characteristic bobbing of the head, raising its tail and fanning it is quite evident. It lets out a short sweet whistling <span>‘Chee’ while raising and fanning its tail and often a harsh ‘check-check’ when alarmed. Known to be quite pugnacious in nature, it has been observed to readily go after squirrels, rats, lizards and even other birds who try and come near its nest during breeding between Feb




Lockdown improved coastal ecosystems of Gulf of Mannar, says study
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Kerala Tamil Nadu Telangana Other States Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Kerala Tamil Nadu Telangana Other States Watch | Cyclone Nivar: scenes from across Tamil Nadu News States Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu <span>Lockdown improved coastal ecosystems of Gulf of Mannar, says study P.A. Narayani Madurai, June 04, 2020 14:56 IST Updated: June 04, 2020 14:56 IST P.A. Narayani Madurai, June 04, 2020 14:56 IST Updated: June 04, 2020 14:56 IST A study conducted by the




“Generally, fish tend to migrate in the summer due to high temperatures. But, despite the high water temperature due to climate changes and subsequent coral bleaching this summer, the fish population has increased, thanks to less human disturbance during the lockdown period,” he says.
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shes from 89 in February to 96 in May, at the Thoothukudi group of islands of Gulf of Mannar -- Vaan, Koswari, Kariyachalli and Vilanguchali. The average fish density has also increased by 22%. <span>“Generally, fish tend to migrate in the summer due to high temperatures. But, despite the high water temperature due to climate changes and subsequent coral bleaching this summer, the fish population has increased, thanks to less human disturbance during the lockdown period,” he says. Usually, more than 300 fish-traps are illegally deployed every day to collect reef fishes like Scarus, Lutjanus, Lethrinus and Siganus. These species are highly exploited as they comman




“The Scarus ghobban, a herbivorous reef fish that feeds on seaweeds, plays a highly significant role in maintaining the ecological balance in the coral ecosystem. The increase of herbivore fish population between April-June 2020, is expected to increase the coral cover,” he says.
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market, he adds. Fortunately, due to the absence of trap-fishing and reduced human intervention during the lockdown period, the population of Scarus ghobban (parrot fish), has increased by 39%. <span>“The Scarus ghobban, a herbivorous reef fish that feeds on seaweeds, plays a highly significant role in maintaining the ecological balance in the coral ecosystem. The increase of herbivore fish population between April-June 2020, is expected to increase the coral cover,” he says. Also, a study conducted to assess the quality of water at stressed locations -- Therespuram, Roche Park and Thoothukudi Port -- showed that there is an increase in dissolved oxygen leve




eight locations along the coast -- Manapad, Tiruchendur, Thoothukudi Harbour beach, Inigo Nagar, Muthunagar beach, Therespuram, Vellapatti and Tharuvaikulam.
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e 2 to assess the level of plastic pollution during the lockdown along the coast of Thoothukudi district. There has been a remarkable reduction in the macro and meso-plastic pollution levels at <span>eight locations along the coast -- Manapad, Tiruchendur, Thoothukudi Harbour beach, Inigo Nagar, Muthunagar beach, Therespuram, Vellapatti and Tharuvaikulam. The average reduction in the level of macro-plastic is 51.4% and that of meso-plastic is 28%. Plastic spoons constituted the highest quantity of plastic that was found, followed by plas




Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the Nagar Van or Urban Forests with 200 corporations and cities across India
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Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the Nagar Van or Urban Forests with 200 corporations and cities across India Share Article 2 PRINT A A A Prakash Javadekar. File photo: PTI <span>Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the Nagar Van or Urban Forests with 200 corporations and cities across India There is a need to increase forest cover in urban areas to create and enhance their lung capacities, Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said on Friday at an event to mark Worl




This year’s target for tree plantation is 145 crores. We should take a serious pledge to protect forests and minimise the use of natural resources. Mother earth and nature have given signals which must not be ignored,” Mr. Supriyo said.
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celebration was Minister of State for Environment Babul Supriyo, who said that the government has set a target of planting 145 crore trees this year. “Tree plantation is a very important step. <span>This year’s target for tree plantation is 145 crores. We should take a serious pledge to protect forests and minimise the use of natural resources. Mother earth and nature have given signals which must not be ignored,” Mr. Supriyo said. He also said these trying times can be overcome if everyone understood their responsibility towards nature. A letter from the Editor Dear reader, We have been keeping you up-to-date wit




Give your Netflix and Amazon Prime Video a break today and pick these virtual safaris from South Africa’s many parks and sanctuaries instead. Tune in for elephant sightings, wild buffalo herds and more.

Kruger National Park: From wilderness trails to self-drive adventures, their virtual safaris have been popular among wildlife enthusiasts from across the world this lockdown.

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hare Article 0 PRINT A A A A pre-lockdown safari at Kruger National Park | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement Tune in to these virtual safaris for elephant sightings, wild buffalo herds and more <span>Give your Netflix and Amazon Prime Video a break today and pick these virtual safaris from South Africa’s many parks and sanctuaries instead. Tune in for elephant sightings, wild buffalo herds and more. Kruger National Park: From wilderness trails to self-drive adventures, their virtual safaris have been popular among wildlife enthusiasts from across the world this lockdown. Viewers can interact with an expert game ranger in real-time and watch the team use drones, balloons, rovers and remote cams to bring you the best viewing experience. Tune in to the sun




Kruger National Park is a South African National Park and one of the largest game reserves in Africa. It covers an area of 19,485 km2 (7,523 sq mi) in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga in northeastern South Africa, and extends 360 km (220 mi) from north to south and 65 km (40 mi) from east to west. The administrative headquarters are in Skukuza. Areas of the park were first protected by the government of the South African Republic in 1898, and it became South Africa's first national park in 1926.

To the west and south of the Kruger National Park are the two South African provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga, respectively. To the north is Zimbabwe, and to the east is Mozambique. It is now part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, a peace park that links Kruger National Park with the Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe, and with the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique.

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Kruger National Park - Wikipedia
ay visitors, 382,396 overnight)[6] (in 2014-15 financial year) Governing body South African National Parks www.sanparks.org/parks/kruger/ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kruger National Park. <span>Kruger National Park is a South African National Park and one of the largest game reserves in Africa. It covers an area of 19,485 km2 (7,523 sq mi) in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga in northeastern South Africa, and extends 360 km (220 mi) from north to south and 65 km (40 mi) from east to west. The administrative headquarters are in Skukuza. Areas of the park were first protected by the government of the South African Republic in 1898, and it became South Africa's first national park in 1926. To the west and south of the Kruger National Park are the two South African provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga, respectively. To the north is Zimbabwe, and to the east is Mozambique. It is now part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, a peace park that links Kruger National Park with the Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe, and with the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique. The park is part of the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere, an area designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as an International Man and Bios




“Carbon footprint is the amount of greenhouse gas that is emitted as a result of the production and use of services and products that affect the earth and cause pollution and change in the climate,” she explains. Burning of fossil fuels is the most common example. It gives rise to copious amounts of carbon dioxide. The next is methane that comes from the rearing of animals in farms, agriculture and from the garbage and landfills.
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10 and above. “It is a live session and people can clear their doubts on the subject. I promise that this will be a good start for people who wish to live eco-friendly,” she says. Sunita Rajesh <span>“Carbon footprint is the amount of greenhouse gas that is emitted as a result of the production and use of services and products that affect the earth and cause pollution and change in the climate,” she explains. Burning of fossil fuels is the most common example. It gives rise to copious amounts of carbon dioxide. The next is methane that comes from the rearing of animals in farms, agriculture and from the garbage and landfills. “We do not have much control over some of these contributing factors like agriculture. But there are things that we can reduce like garbage. Tamil Nadu itself produces 15000 tonnes of i




An average person in India leaves behind two tonnes of carbon footprint in a year.
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rt, food and electricity consumption, waste management and monthly expenditure. “It is user friendly and is designed specifically for people in our country. It is free and anyone can access it. <span>An average person in India leaves behind two tonnes of carbon footprint in a year. The carbon footprint calculators helps us keep a tab on that and encourages us to live more consciously.” Reducing one's carbon footprint is not very difficult, Sunita assures us. All y




We fought for conservation of Dehing Patkai after which it was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 2004.
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ons at the Gauhati High Court. However, a green group called Nature’s Beckon has denied any mining activities in the wildlife sanctuary. “Some groups are misleading people to be in circulation. <span>We fought for conservation of Dehing Patkai after which it was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 2004. It would have been lost to coal mining without our efforts,” said its founder-president Soumyadeep Dutta. The North Eastern Coalfields (NEC), a unit of Coal India Limited, said the publ




3,097 MW Etalin hydroelectric project in Dibang Valley district.
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said its General Manager Jugal Kumar Borah. Dibang Valley project Meanwhile, the Indigenous Lawyers’ Association of India has asked the Centre and the Arunachal Pradesh government to scrap the <span>3,097 MW Etalin hydroelectric project in Dibang Valley district. The project is feared to divert 1,150.08 hectares of land, fell 2.7 lakh trees and destroy the culture and heritage of local indigenous communities, particularly the Idu Mishmis. “At a




3,097 MW Etalin hydroelectric project in Dibang Valley district. The project is feared to divert 1,150.08 hectares of land, fell 2.7 lakh trees and destroy the culture and heritage of local indigenous communities, particularly the Idu Mishmis.
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said its General Manager Jugal Kumar Borah. Dibang Valley project Meanwhile, the Indigenous Lawyers’ Association of India has asked the Centre and the Arunachal Pradesh government to scrap the <span>3,097 MW Etalin hydroelectric project in Dibang Valley district. The project is feared to divert 1,150.08 hectares of land, fell 2.7 lakh trees and destroy the culture and heritage of local indigenous communities, particularly the Idu Mishmis. “At a time when the destruction of nature has been blamed for upheavals in the world, including pandemic, and green energy is being increasingly promoted, the construction of outdated h




“The Environment Ministry’s move to green-light the Dehing Patkai mining project is at odds with this forward-looking approach. It is a step backwards for the country and suggests poor inter-departmental alignment on India’s aspirations as a global leader in renewables
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the Indo-Bhutan trans-boundary conservation landscape and further across the Eastern Himalayas. Also read | During lockdown, MoEFCC panels cleared or discussed 30 projects in biodiverse forests <span>“The Environment Ministry’s move to green-light the Dehing Patkai mining project is at odds with this forward-looking approach. It is a step backwards for the country and suggests poor inter-departmental alignment on India’s aspirations as a global leader in renewables,” Ms. Dawson told The Hindu. The Ministry’s National Board of Wildlife (NBWL) had in April recommended open case coal mining in a portion of 98.59 hectares of a proposed reserve forest




About 28% of the Sunderbans has been damaged by Cyclone Amphan, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee
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Kolkata, June 05, 2020 21:40 IST Updated: June 09, 2020 09:49 IST 16,000 trees were damaged in Kolkata, says Mamata Share Article 0 PRINT A A A 16,000 trees were damaged in Kolkata, says Mamata <span>About 28% of the Sunderbans has been damaged by Cyclone Amphan, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said on Friday at the launch of a drive for planting mangroves and trees to mark World Environment Day. Also read: Cyclone Amphan batters West Bengal, Odisha She said 1,200 sq km of the




She said 1,200 sq km of the 4,263 sq km forests had been “destroyed”. The Indian Sunderbans, an area south of the Dampier Hodges line, is spread over 9,630 sq km, of which the mangrove forest accounts for 4,263 sq km.
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han, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said on Friday at the launch of a drive for planting mangroves and trees to mark World Environment Day. Also read: Cyclone Amphan batters West Bengal, Odisha <span>She said 1,200 sq km of the 4,263 sq km forests had been “destroyed”. The Indian Sunderbans, an area south of the Dampier Hodges line, is spread over 9,630 sq km, of which the mangrove forest accounts for 4,263 sq km. Principal Chief Conservator of Forest Ravi Kanta Sinha said the damage was mostly in the Patharpratima and Kultali areas of South 24 Parganas. “The damage has been much on the Indian si




On trees turning yellow and red in the Sunderbans after the cyclone, he said the phenomenon was mostly due to salinity. “The trees that turned yellow were not mangrove trees, it was mostly due to the dense fog of saline water. We are not sure whether the trees will survive. Maybe, if the salinity of the soil comes down, some trees can survive,” he said.
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damage was mostly in the Patharpratima and Kultali areas of South 24 Parganas. “The damage has been much on the Indian side of the Sunderbans and not on the Bangladesh side,” he told The Hindu. <span>On trees turning yellow and red in the Sunderbans after the cyclone, he said the phenomenon was mostly due to salinity. “The trees that turned yellow were not mangrove trees, it was mostly due to the dense fog of saline water. We are not sure whether the trees will survive. Maybe, if the salinity of the soil comes down, some trees can survive,” he said. Despite the massive plantation drives, it may take years to restore the mangroves, officials said. Experts say the mangroves not only reduce wind speed but breaks the waves during a sto




Asian small-clawed river otters were found at SAI Sanctuary Trust in Coorg this year. They will be pushing for a river otter sanctuary, to protect this endangered species.
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e in Masinagudi has organised a programme to adopt ponies. IPAN is home to over 200 rescued animals. These include donkeys, ponies, horses, dogs, cattle, buffaloes, goats, sheep and a lone cat. <span>Asian small-clawed river otters were found at SAI Sanctuary Trust in Coorg this year. They will be pushing for a river otter sanctuary, to protect this endangered species. Trunk Call Foundation in Maharashtra has raised ₹1.5 lakh for the affected elephants in Thailand. A letter from the Editor Dear reader, We have been keeping you up-to-date with informat




Blue Cross of India has approximately 1,800 animals at their shelter. Over 95,000 animals have been fed by the organisation.
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fforts have been taken to conserve wildlife during the lockdown. Several adoption programmes and community feeding initiatives were organised. Here are a few: Keeping up with rescue activities, <span>Blue Cross of India has approximately 1,800 animals at their shelter. Over 95,000 animals have been fed by the organisation. Also read | Celebrate World Environment Day this year with these virtual safaris India Project for Animals and Nature in Masinagudi has organised a programme to adopt ponies. IPAN is ho




Case formula- tions are not based on aprioriassessments but rather evolve and emerge, particularly through the early stages of therapeutic exploration. As therap y progresses, working hypotheses are developed about underlying mechanisms related to presenting problems. In EFT, process is privileged over content, and process diagnosis (Goldman & Greenberg, 2015) is privileged over person diagnosis. Process-oriented, case formulation takes into account both the moment and the in-session context as well as understanding the narrative of their lives. The present moment is given priority in the performance of case formulation
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Megalogomphus superbus Fraser, endemic to the Western Ghats, has been photographed for the first time in nine decades

Last week, a photograph of a dragonfly in grass-green, yellow and reddish-brown colour and bottle-green eyes trended on odonate forums in India.

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erbus Fraser, endemic to the Western Ghats, has been photographed for the first time in nine decades Share Article 0 PRINT A A A Megalogomphus Superbus Fraser | Photo Credit: Ravindran Kamatchi <span>Megalogomphus superbus Fraser, endemic to the Western Ghats, has been photographed for the first time in nine decades Last week, a photograph of a dragonfly in grass-green, yellow and reddish-brown colour and bottle-green eyes trended on odonate forums in India. It is the first time this species, Megalogomphus superbus Fraser, has been caught on camera and naturalists Ravindran Kamatchi and S Gopala Krishnan achieved this feat during a birding




“We saw the rarely spotted lyrical white-rumped shama, a resident bird of the Western Ghats locally called solaipaadi. Also a yellow-browed bulbul, lesser yellownape woodpecker and Tickell’s blue flycatcher. Later, we walked to a nearby stream.
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an Kamatchi and S Gopala Krishnan achieved this feat during a birding outing at a farm near Coimbatore. “It was a fantastic day of birding at the Kallar garden in Mettupalayam,” says Ravindran. <span>“We saw the rarely spotted lyrical white-rumped shama, a resident bird of the Western Ghats locally called solaipaadi. Also a yellow-browed bulbul, lesser yellownape woodpecker and Tickell’s blue flycatcher. Later, we walked to a nearby stream. Gopala Krishnan alerted me when he saw an unusual dragonfly, much bigger in size than usual, perched on a shrub. We just went click, click, click.” Later, when they posted it on the Wha




Megalogomphus superbus Fraser is a narrowly distributed endemic species, says Kalesh. “You can see them only on the pockets along the Tamil Nadu- Kerala border.
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December. In fresh water streams, you can often sight common species like stream rubies, Nilgiris torrent dart and the orange marsh dart. Species like ‘ditch’ jewel breed in contaminated water <span>Megalogomphus superbus Fraser is a narrowly distributed endemic species, says Kalesh. “You can see them only on the pockets along the Tamil Nadu- Kerala border. A photographic record will pave the way for further studies on its distribution, habitat and ecology. It is an aquatic water species that thrives in fresh water, and feeds on mosquitoes




Common Hooktail (female), and photographed the most attractive dragonfly, the Asiatic Blood Tail, which appears in eye-catching colours, the blue and green Ground Skimmers, and the Tricolour Marsh Hawk cloaked in green, yellow and brown. and the colourful Stream Ruby and the Black-tipped Forest Glory.
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It is an indicator that the quality of water and air is still pollution-free in these areas. Asiatic Blood-tail | Photo Credit: Ravindran Kamatchi During the birding trip, they also spotted the <span>Common Hooktail (female), and photographed the most attractive dragonfly, the Asiatic Blood Tail, which appears in eye-catching colours, the blue and green Ground Skimmers, and the Tricolour Marsh Hawk cloaked in green, yellow and brown. and the colourful Stream Ruby and the Black-tipped Forest Glory. Among the damselflies, the colourful Stream Ruby, the Black-tipped Forest Glory (with green body and black-tipped transparent wings) were seen. “Odonates are aquatic insects and can alw




Odonates are aquatic insects and can always be spotted along streams and other water bodies. All these species can be spotted along the Western Ghats. It shows that the ecosystem is intact
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l Stream Ruby and the Black-tipped Forest Glory. Among the damselflies, the colourful Stream Ruby, the Black-tipped Forest Glory (with green body and black-tipped transparent wings) were seen. “<span>Odonates are aquatic insects and can always be spotted along streams and other water bodies. All these species can be spotted along the Western Ghats. It shows that the ecosystem is intact. A healthy sign.” says Krishnan. A letter from the Editor Dear reader, We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearin




dragonfly belongs to gomphidae family which has six dragonflies – two in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, one in Sri Lanka and three others in the North East
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1934 at the Boluvampatti forest range near Siruvani, Walayar (Kerala-Tamil Nadu border) and Kallar near Mettupalayam. The species distributed in South India is endemic to the Western Ghats. The <span>dragonfly belongs to gomphidae family which has six dragonflies – two in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, one in Sri Lanka and three others in the North East ,” says Kalesh Sivadasan of Travancore Natural History Society. Kalesh has documented Odonates for over 20 years and has identified as many as 15 new species in Kerala. Tricoloured Mars




The number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest has risen. It has grown by almost 29% over the last five years. The lion population now stands at 674, according to the State Forest Department.
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uble-decker buses Watch | Explained: Ethiopia's political crisis Watch | A golu based on the film ‘Mayabazaar’ Close X A video on the rise in the number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest <span>The number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest has risen. It has grown by almost 29% over the last five years. The lion population now stands at 674, according to the State Forest Department. This includes 161 male, 260 female, 45 sub adult male, 49 sub adult female, 22 unidentified and 137 cubs. There has been a consistent increase in the population over the years. Also rea




The number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest has risen. It has grown by almost 29% over the last five years. The lion population now stands at 674, according to the State Forest Department.

This includes 161 male, 260 female, 45 sub adult male, 49 sub adult female, 22 unidentified and 137 cubs. There has been a consistent increase in the population over the years.
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uble-decker buses Watch | Explained: Ethiopia's political crisis Watch | A golu based on the film ‘Mayabazaar’ Close X A video on the rise in the number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest <span>The number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest has risen. It has grown by almost 29% over the last five years. The lion population now stands at 674, according to the State Forest Department. This includes 161 male, 260 female, 45 sub adult male, 49 sub adult female, 22 unidentified and 137 cubs. There has been a consistent increase in the population over the years. Also read: Opinion | All you need to know about lion deaths at Gir Their distribution has also expanded from 22,000 sq. km in 2015 to 30,000 sq. km in 2020. Asiatic lions are present in




After some lions were infected with Canine Distemper Virus, measures were taken to protect them.
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deaths at Gir Their distribution has also expanded from 22,000 sq. km in 2015 to 30,000 sq. km in 2020. Asiatic lions are present in Protected Areas and agro-pastoral landscapes of Saurashtra. <span>After some lions were infected with Canine Distemper Virus, measures were taken to protect them. This includes - community participation, use of technology, habitat management, increase in prey base, human-lion conflict mitigation and healthcare. Experts say that male-female ratio




161 males vs 260 females. This population estimation exercise was carried out on the night of June 5
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udes - community participation, use of technology, habitat management, increase in prey base, human-lion conflict mitigation and healthcare. Experts say that male-female ratio was healthy, with <span>161 males vs 260 females. This population estimation exercise was carried out on the night of June 5. A letter from the Editor Dear reader, We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, o




After some lions were infected with Canine Distemper Virus, measures were taken to protect them
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deaths at Gir Their distribution has also expanded from 22,000 sq. km in 2015 to 30,000 sq. km in 2020. Asiatic lions are present in Protected Areas and agro-pastoral landscapes of Saurashtra. <span>After some lions were infected with Canine Distemper Virus, measures were taken to protect them. This includes - community participation, use of technology, habitat management, increase in prey base, human-lion conflict mitigation and healthcare. Experts say that male-female ratio




In fact, exactly such an effect was experimentally verified in an 1895 study of Axel Oehrn*. While subsequent experiments have confirmed this result, it depends sensitively on the type of material being memorized, on the exact time intervals, and many other variables. Now, in some sense this contradicts the Ebbinghaus exponential forgetting curve. In practice, a pretty good heuristic is that the Ebbinghaus curve holds approximately, but there are exceptions, usually over limited times, and for very specific types of materials. I don't mention this to undermine your belief in the Ebbinghaus model. But rather as a caution: memory is complicated, we don't understand many of the big picture questions well, and we should be careful before we put too much faith in any given model.
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As a consequence, system designers must look elsewhere, to informal experiments and theories. Anki, for example, uses a spacing algorithm developed by Piotr Wozniak on the basis of personal experimentation*. Although Wozniak has published a number of papers, they are informal reports, and don't abide by the norms of the conventional cognitive science literature. In some sense, this is not satisfactory: we don't have a very good understanding of what spacing schedule to use. But a system has to use some schedule, and so designers do the best they can. This seems likely to work much better than naive approaches, but over the long run it'd be good to have an approach based on a detailed theory of human memory.
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Appendix 1: analysis of Anki study time
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* The reason is that Anki allows you to specify that you found a card “easy” or “hard” when you review it, in addition to the generic “good” (meaning you got it right) or “again” (meaning you got it wrong). Those additional options vary the exact rate of interval expansion. In practice, I nearly always choose “good”, or tell Anki that I got the card wrong
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When a card is initially entered, Anki requires reviews after just 1 minute and then 10 minutes. After those reviews the interval between reviews rises substantially, to 1 day. The interval expansion rate after that may vary a little*, but for my cards the typical expansion rate is by a factor of about 2.4 for each successful review. That means that successful reviews will raise the interval to 2.4 days, then to 2.4 * 2.4 = 6.76 days, and so on. On average, I get about 1 in 12 cards wrong, so by the 12th card we're up to about 2.4 9 = 2,642 days between reviews. Note that we raise to the 9 th power rather than the 12 th power, because it's not until the third repetition of a card that the interval reaches 1 day. If you sum those intervals all up, it suggests the typical time between failed reviews is about 12 years. Note, however, that I haven't been using Anki for nearly that long, and this estimate may be over-optimistic. We can get a lower bound on the time between failures by observing that my mean interval between card reviews is already 1.2 years. To achieve an interval of 1.2 years requires about 0.9 years of successful prior reviews, so on average my cards involve at least 2.1 years between failures. However, the real number may be much higher, since there's no reason to assume my next review on most of those cards is going to fail. So let's say that a conservative estimate is a mean time between failures of between 4 and 7 years. If we assume the mean time between failures is 4 years, then over 20 years that means 5 failures, and reviewing 5 failures * 10 reviews per period = 50 times, for a total of 50 * 8 seconds = 400 seconds, or about 7 minutes. If instead we assume the mean time between failures is 7 years, then over 20 years that means roughly 3 failures, and reviewing 3 failures * 11 reviews per period = 33 times, for a total of 33 * 8 seconds ≈ 260 seconds, or about 4 minutes. Note that in Anki's model a failure resets the review interval back to 10 minutes, then to 1 day, 2.4 days, and so on. In practice, that seems much too conservative. After one or two failures with a card I usually catch on, and it would be better if Anki wasn't so draconian in resetting the review schedule. A better review schedule would reduce the total study time, and I wouldn't be surprised if a typical commitment of ˜2 minutes was possible.
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Appendix 2: Using Anki to learn APIs
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I probably err on the side of just making things happen… I get so much of a thrill bringing things to life… as soon as it comes to life it starts telling you what it is. - Dan Ingalls
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