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#has-images
(Owen in Gray, 1866)[2]
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{} Range of genus Orcaella
See: Irrawaddy dolphin
geographic range map
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The eight other agreements that were signed are :

1. Protocol for Foreign Min consultations

2. Economic development MoU

3. MoU on space cooperation

4. MoU on Railway cooperation

5. Action plan on steps ahead in cooperation in nuclear field

6. MoU on transport

7. MoU on cooperation in Micro and SMEs trade cooperation

8. Cooperation on fertiliser cooperation

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Unknown title
hat the deals could attract sanctions under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) law that restricts defence purchases from Russia, Iran and North Korea. Read more <span>The eight other agreements that were signed are : 1. Protocol for Foreign Min consultations 2. Economic development MoU 3. MoU on space cooperation 4. MoU on Railway cooperation 5. Action plan on steps ahead in cooperation in nuclear field 6. MoU on transport 7. MoU on cooperation in Micro and SMEs trade cooperation 8. Cooperation on fertiliser cooperation All eyes on U.S. reaction India has hoped that the U.S. administration will give it a “sanctions waiver” if it signs the S-400 deal with Russia , but U.S. officials have given no clear




Vijayanagara, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in modern Karnataka, India.
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Vijayanagara architecture - Wikipedia
agara architecture of 1336–1565CE was a notable building idiom that developed during the rule of the imperial Hindu Vijayanagar Empire. The empire ruled South India, from their regal capital at <span>Vijayanagara, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in modern Karnataka, India. The empire built temples, monuments, palaces and other structures across South India, with a largest concentration in its capital. The monuments in and around Hampi, in the Vijayanagara




Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century.
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Hampi - Wikipedia
ampi or Hampe, also referred to as the Group of Monuments at Hampi, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in east-central Karnataka, India.[2] It is a pilgrimage centre of the Hindu religion. <span>Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century.[3] Chronicles left by Persian and European travellers, particularly the Portuguese, say that Hampi was a prosperous, wealthy and grand city near the Tungabhadra River, with numerous tem




Hampi was a prosperous, wealthy and grand city near the Tungabhadra River, with numerous temples, farms and trading markets.
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Hampi - Wikipedia
centre of the Hindu religion. Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century.[3] Chronicles left by Persian and European travellers, particularly the Portuguese, say that <span>Hampi was a prosperous, wealthy and grand city near the Tungabhadra River, with numerous temples, farms and trading markets. By 1500 CE, Hampi-Vijayanagara was the world's second-largest medieval-era city after Beijing, and probably India's richest at that time, attracting traders from Persia and Portugal.[4]




Vijayanagara / Hosapete, also known as Hospet, is a District in Karnataka, India. It is located on the banks of Tungabhadra River, 12 km from Hampi. The present day Hampi is a World Heritage site containing the ruins of the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.
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Hospet - Wikipedia
Karnataka • Density 2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi) • Metro 244,048 Languages • Official Kannada Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST) PIN 583 201, 02, 03, 11, 23, 25 Telephone code 08394 Vehicle registration KA-35 <span>Vijayanagara / Hosapete, also known as Hospet, is a District in Karnataka, India. It is located on the banks of Tungabhadra River, 12 km from Hampi. The present day Hampi is a World Heritage site containing the ruins of the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Contents 1 History 2 About 3 Demographics 4 References History[edit] Hosapete city was built in 1520 AD by Krishna Deva Raya, one of the prominent rulers of Vijayanagara Empire. He buil




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Vijayanagara / Hosapete Location in Karnataka, India
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Hospet - Wikipedia
navigation Jump to search City in Karnataka, India City in Karnataka, India Vijayanagara / Hosapete City Hosapete Tungabadhra Dam near Hospet Nickname(s): Steel City, Back Door of Vijayanagara <span>Vijayanagara / Hosapete Location in Karnataka, India Coordinates: 15°16′08″N 76°23′27″E / 15.2689°N 76.3909°E / 15.2689; 76.3909Coordinates: 15°16′08″N 76°23′27″E / 15.2689°N 76.3909°E / 15.2689; 76.3909 Country India State Karnataka Dist




Vijayanagara architecture is a vibrant combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya and Chola styles, idioms that prospered in previous centuries.[150][151] Its legacy of sculpture, architecture and painting influenced the development of the arts long after the empire came to an end. Its stylistic hallmark is the ornate pillared Kalyanamantapa (marriage hall), Vasanthamantapa (open pillared halls) and the Rayagopura (tower). Artisans used the locally available hard granite because of its durability since the kingdom was under constant threat of invasion. While the empire's monuments are spread over the whole of Southern India, nothing surpasses the vast open-air theatre of monuments at its capital at Vijayanagara, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[152]
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Vijayanagara Empire - Wikipedia
tecture[edit] Main articles: Vijayanagara Architecture, Vijayanagara, Hampi, and List of Vijayanagara era temples in Karnataka Yali pillars in Aghoreshwara Temple at Ikkeri in Shimoga District. <span>Vijayanagara architecture is a vibrant combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya and Chola styles, idioms that prospered in previous centuries.[150][151] Its legacy of sculpture, architecture and painting influenced the development of the arts long after the empire came to an end. Its stylistic hallmark is the ornate pillared Kalyanamantapa (marriage hall), Vasanthamantapa (open pillared halls) and the Rayagopura (tower). Artisans used the locally available hard granite because of its durability since the kingdom was under constant threat of invasion. While the empire's monuments are spread over the whole of Southern India, nothing surpasses the vast open-air theatre of monuments at its capital at Vijayanagara, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[152] In the 14th century the kings continued to build vesara or Deccan-style monuments but later incorporated Dravida-style gopuras to meet their ritualistic needs. The Prasanna Virupaksha t




Jahangir is widely considered to have been a weak and incapable ruler.[25][26][27][28] Orientalist Henry Beveridge (editor of the Tuzk-e-Jahangiri) compares Jahangir to the Roman emperor Claudius, for both were "weak men... in their wrong places as rulers... [and had] Jahangir been head of a Natural History Museum,... [he] would have been [a] better and happier man."[
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Jahangir - Wikipedia
ese portraits are a unique example of art during Jahangir's reign because faces were not drawn in full, including the shoulders as well as the head as these drawings are.‘’ [24] Criticism[edit] <span>Jahangir is widely considered to have been a weak and incapable ruler.[25][26][27][28] Orientalist Henry Beveridge (editor of the Tuzk-e-Jahangiri) compares Jahangir to the Roman emperor Claudius, for both were "weak men... in their wrong places as rulers... [and had] Jahangir been head of a Natural History Museum,... [he] would have been [a] better and happier man."[29] Sir William Hawkins, who visited Jahangir's court in 1609, said: "In such short that what this man's father, called Ecber Padasha [Badshah Akbar], got of the Deccans, this king, Seli




Jahangir was fascinated with art and architecture. In his autobiography, the Jahangirnama, Jahangir recorded events that occurred during his reign, descriptions of flora and fauna that he encountered, and other aspects of daily life, and commissioned court painters such as Ustad Mansur to paint detailed pieces that would accompany his vivid prose
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Jahangir - Wikipedia
ted, it was clear that a European style had come to influence Mughal art, otherwise the slave would not have claimed it as his own design, nor would he have been believed by Jahangir. Art[edit] <span>Jahangir was fascinated with art and architecture. In his autobiography, the Jahangirnama, Jahangir recorded events that occurred during his reign, descriptions of flora and fauna that he encountered, and other aspects of daily life, and commissioned court painters such as Ustad Mansur to paint detailed pieces that would accompany his vivid prose.[19] For example, in 1619, he put pen to paper in awe of a royal falcon delivered to his court from the ruler of Iran: “What can I write of the beauty of this bird’s color? It had black




Tansen is remembered for his epic Dhrupad compositions, creating several new ragas, as well as for writing two classic books on music Sri Ganesh Stotra and Sangita Sara.[10]
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Tansen - Wikipedia
lled Hindustani. His 16th century studies in music and compositions inspired many, and he is considered by numerous North Indian gharana (regional music schools) as their lineage founder.[8][9] <span>Tansen is remembered for his epic Dhrupad compositions, creating several new ragas, as well as for writing two classic books on music Sri Ganesh Stotra and Sangita Sara.[10] Contents 1 Early life and background 2 Schooling 3 Compositions 4 Family 4.1 Tansen award 4.2 Buildings 4.3 Miracles and legends 5 Death 6 Popular culture 7 References 8 External links




Numerous legends have been written about Tansen, mixing facts and fiction, and the historicity of these stories is doubtful.[6] Akbar considered him as one of the Navaratnas (nine jewels), and gave him the title Mian, an honorific, meaning learned man.[7]
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Tansen - Wikipedia
and sent him along with gifts to Akbar. In 1562, about the age of 60, the Vaishnava[5] musician Tansen joined the Akbar court, and his performances became a subject of many court historians.[4] <span>Numerous legends have been written about Tansen, mixing facts and fiction, and the historicity of these stories is doubtful.[6] Akbar considered him as one of the Navaratnas (nine jewels), and gave him the title Mian, an honorific, meaning learned man.[7] Tansen was a composer, musician and vocalist, to whom many compositions have been attributed in northern regions of the Indian subcontinent. He was also an instrumentalist who populariz




There are a number of fine portraits of Akbar, but it was under his successors Jahangir and Shah Jahan that the portrait of the ruler became firmly established as a leading subject in Indian miniature painting, which was to spread to both Muslim and Hindu princely courts across India.
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Mughal painting - Wikipedia
ing discussed were. Many of them, like medieval European images of saints, carried objects associated with them to help identification, but otherwise the figures stand on a plain background.[5] <span>There are a number of fine portraits of Akbar, but it was under his successors Jahangir and Shah Jahan that the portrait of the ruler became firmly established as a leading subject in Indian miniature painting, which was to spread to both Muslim and Hindu princely courts across India.[6] From the 17th century equestrian portraits, mostly of rulers, became another popular borrowing from the West.[7] Another new type of image showed the Jharokha Darshan (literally "bal




Another new type of image showed the Jharokha Darshan (literally "balcony view/worship"), or public display of the emperor to the court, or the public, which became a daily ceremonial under Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, before being stopped as un-Islamic by Aurangzeb.
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Mughal painting - Wikipedia
g, which was to spread to both Muslim and Hindu princely courts across India.[6] From the 17th century equestrian portraits, mostly of rulers, became another popular borrowing from the West.[7] <span>Another new type of image showed the Jharokha Darshan (literally "balcony view/worship"), or public display of the emperor to the court, or the public, which became a daily ceremonial under Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, before being stopped as un-Islamic by Aurangzeb. In these scenes, the emperor is shown at top on a balcony or at a window, with a crowd of courtiers below, sometimes including many portraits. Like the increasingly large halos these em




Chairperson

Shri Narendra Modi, Hon'ble Prime Minister

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Constitution | NITI Aayog
yog Acts & Rules The Citizen's/Stakeholder's Charter RTI Documents List of CPIO Monthly Reports RTI Division Information Under Section 4(i)(a) Information Under Section 4(i)(b) Constitution <span>Chairperson Shri Narendra Modi, Hon'ble Prime Minister Vice Chairperson Dr. Rajiv Kumar Full-Time Members Shri V.K. Saraswat Prof. Ramesh Chand Dr. V. K. Paul Ex-officio Members Shri Raj Nath Singh, Minister of Defence Shri Amit Shah, Minis




NITI Aayog’s entire gamut of activities can be divided into four main heads:

  1. Design Policy & Programme Framework

  2. Foster Cooperative Federalism

  3. Monitoring & Evaluation

  4. Think Tank and Knowledge & Innovation Hub

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Objectives and Features | NITI Aayog
ary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues. <span>NITI Aayog’s entire gamut of activities can be divided into four main heads: Design Policy & Programme Framework Foster Cooperative Federalism Monitoring & Evaluation Think Tank and Knowledge & Innovation Hub The different verticals of NITI provide the requisite coordination and support framework for NITI to carry out its mandate. The list of verticals is as below: Agriculture Health Women &




The different verticals of NITI provide the requisite coordination and support framework for NITI to carry out its mandate. The list of verticals is as below:

  1. Agriculture

  2. Health

  3. Women & Child Development

  4. Governance & Research

  5. HRD

  6. Skill Development & Employment

  7. Rural Development

  8. Sustainable Development Goals

  9. Energy

  10. Managing Urbanization

  11. Industry

  12. Infrastructure

  13. Financial Resources

  14. Natural Resources & Environment

  15. Science & Tech

  16. State Coordination & Decentralized Planning (SC&DP)

  17. Social Justice & Empowerment

  18. Land & Water Resources

  19. Data management & Analysis

  20. Public-Private Partnerships

  21. Project Appraisal and Management Division (PAMD)

  22. Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office

  23. National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD)

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Objectives and Features | NITI Aayog
f activities can be divided into four main heads: Design Policy & Programme Framework Foster Cooperative Federalism Monitoring & Evaluation Think Tank and Knowledge & Innovation Hub <span>The different verticals of NITI provide the requisite coordination and support framework for NITI to carry out its mandate. The list of verticals is as below: Agriculture Health Women & Child Development Governance & Research HRD Skill Development & Employment Rural Development Sustainable Development Goals Energy Managing Urbanization Industry Infrastructure Financial Resources Natural Resources & Environment Science & Tech State Coordination & Decentralized Planning (SC&DP) Social Justice & Empowerment Land & Water Resources Data management & Analysis Public-Private Partnerships Project Appraisal and Management Division (PAMD) Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD) About us Objectives and Features Allocation of Business Rules Amendment on Allocation of Business Rules Constitution of NITI Constitution Cabinet Resolution Amended Cabinet Resolution C




Monetary policy refers to the actions undertaken by a nation's central bank to control money supply and achieve sustainable economic growth.
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Monetary Policy Definition
e of economic policy, refers to the actions undertaken by a nation's central bank to control money supply and achieve macroeconomic goals that promote sustainable economic growth. Key Takeaways <span>Monetary policy refers to the actions undertaken by a nation's central bank to control money supply and achieve sustainable economic growth. Monetary policy can be broadly classified as either expansionary or contractionary. Tools include open market operations, direct lending to banks, bank reserve requirements, unconventio




  • Tools include open market operations, direct lending to banks, bank reserve requirements, unconventional emergency lending programs, and managing market expectations—subject to the central bank's credibility.
Volume 75% Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcuts Keyboard Shortcuts Enabled Disabled Play/Pause SPACE Increase Volume ↑ Decrease Volume ↓ Seek Forward → Seek Backward ← Captions On/Off c Fullscreen/Exit Fullscreen f Mute/Unmute m Seek % 0-9 00:00 00:00 02:05
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Monetary Policy Definition
ctions undertaken by a nation's central bank to control money supply and achieve sustainable economic growth. Monetary policy can be broadly classified as either expansionary or contractionary. <span>Tools include open market operations, direct lending to banks, bank reserve requirements, unconventional emergency lending programs, and managing market expectations—subject to the central bank's credibility. Volume 75% Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcuts Keyboard Shortcuts EnabledDisabled Play/PauseSPACE Increase Volume↑ Decrease Volume↓ Seek Forward→ Seek Backward← Captions On/Offc Fullscreen/Exit Fullscreenf Mute/Unmutem Seek %0-9 Live 00:00 00:00 02:05 2:05 Monetary Policy Understanding Monetary Policy Monetary policy is the process of drafting, announcing, and implementing the plan of actions taken by the central bank, currency board




  • Tools include open market operations, direct lending to banks, bank reserve requirements, unconventional emergency lending programs, and managing market expectations—subject to the central bank's credibility.
Volume 75% Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcuts Keyboard Shortcuts Enabled Disabled Play/Pause SPACE Increase Volume ↑ Decrease Volume ↓ Seek Forward → Seek Backward ← Captions On/Off c Fullscreen/Exit Fullscreen f Mute/Unmute m Seek % 0-9 00:00 00:00 02:05
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Monetary Policy Definition
ctions undertaken by a nation's central bank to control money supply and achieve sustainable economic growth. Monetary policy can be broadly classified as either expansionary or contractionary. <span>Tools include open market operations, direct lending to banks, bank reserve requirements, unconventional emergency lending programs, and managing market expectations—subject to the central bank's credibility. Volume 75% Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcuts Keyboard Shortcuts EnabledDisabled Play/PauseSPACE Increase Volume↑ Decrease Volume↓ Seek Forward→ Seek Backward← Captions On/Offc Fullscreen/Exit Fullscreenf Mute/Unmutem Seek %0-9 Live 00:00 00:00 02:05 2:05 Monetary Policy Understanding Monetary Policy Monetary policy is the process of drafting, announcing, and implementing the plan of actions taken by the central bank, currency board




The Federal Reserve Bank is in charge of monetary policy in the United States. The Federal Reserve (Fed) has what is commonly referred to as a "dual mandate": to achieve maximum employment while keeping inflation in check.
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Monetary Policy Definition
rates in a predictable range. Monetary policy can be used in combination with or as an alternative to fiscal policy, which uses taxes, government borrowing, and spending to manage the economy. <span>The Federal Reserve Bank is in charge of monetary policy in the United States. The Federal Reserve (Fed) has what is commonly referred to as a "dual mandate": to achieve maximum employment while keeping inflation in check. Simply put, it is the Fed's responsibility to balance economic growth and inflation. In addition, it aims to keep long-term interest rates relatively low. Its core role is to be the len




The Government of India established the National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD) in 1962. It is a Central Autonomous Organization attached to NITI Aayog, Ministry of Planning. Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog presently serves as the President of its General Council, CEO, Shri Amitabh Kant as the Chairperson of the Executive Council and Prof Arup Mitra as the Director General of NILERD. The primary objectives of this Institution include research and data collection in relation to all major aspects of development, and education and training in all aspects of Human Capital Planning, Human Resource Development and Monitoring and Evaluation.
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National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD) | NITI Aayog
Documents List of CPIO Monthly Reports RTI Division Information Under Section 4(i)(a) Information Under Section 4(i)(b) National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD) <span>The Government of India established the National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD) in 1962. It is a Central Autonomous Organization attached to NITI Aayog, Ministry of Planning. Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog presently serves as the President of its General Council, CEO, Shri Amitabh Kant as the Chairperson of the Executive Council and Prof Arup Mitra as the Director General of NILERD. The primary objectives of this Institution include research and data collection in relation to all major aspects of development, and education and training in all aspects of Human Capital Planning, Human Resource Development and Monitoring and Evaluation. About us Objectives and Features Allocation of Business Rules Amendment on Allocation of Business Rules Constitution of NITI Constitution Cabinet Resolution Amended Cabinet Resolution C




Key Features of ATL

ATL is a work space where young minds can give shape to their ideas through hands on do-it-yourself mode; and learn innovation skills. Young children will get a chance to work with tools and equipment to understand the concepts of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math). ATL would contain educational and learning ‘do it yourself’ kits and equipment on – science, electronics, robotics, open source microcontroller boards, sensors and 3D printers and computers. Other desirable facilities include meeting rooms and video conferencing facility.

In order to foster inventiveness among students, ATL can conduct different activities ranging from regional and national level competitions, exhibitions, workshops on problem solving, designing and fabrication of products, lecture series etc. at periodic intervals.

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AIM
of this scheme is to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds; and inculcate skills such as design mindset, computational thinking, adaptive learning, physical computing etc. <span>Key Features of ATL ATL is a work space where young minds can give shape to their ideas through hands on do-it-yourself mode; and learn innovation skills. Young children will get a chance to work with tools and equipment to understand the concepts of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math). ATL would contain educational and learning ‘do it yourself’ kits and equipment on – science, electronics, robotics, open source microcontroller boards, sensors and 3D printers and computers. Other desirable facilities include meeting rooms and video conferencing facility. In order to foster inventiveness among students, ATL can conduct different activities ranging from regional and national level competitions, exhibitions, workshops on problem solving, designing and fabrication of products, lecture series etc. at periodic intervals. Financial Support AIM will provide grant-in-aid of Rs. 20 Lakh to each school that includes a one-time establishment cost of Rs. 10 lakh and operational expenses of Rs. 10 lakh for a ma




Financial Support

AIM will provide grant-in-aid of Rs. 20 Lakh to each school that includes a one-time establishment cost of Rs. 10 lakh and operational expenses of Rs. 10 lakh for a maximum period of 5 years to each ATL.

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AIM
nt activities ranging from regional and national level competitions, exhibitions, workshops on problem solving, designing and fabrication of products, lecture series etc. at periodic intervals. <span>Financial Support AIM will provide grant-in-aid of Rs. 20 Lakh to each school that includes a one-time establishment cost of Rs. 10 lakh and operational expenses of Rs. 10 lakh for a maximum period of 5 years to each ATL. Eligibility Schools (minimum Grade VI - X) managed by Government, local body or private trusts/society to set up ATL. (2) Atal Incubation Centre: Background AIM intends to support the e




Approximately 80% of the world's sugar is produced from sugar cane in tropical and subtropical climates. The remaining 20% comes from sugar beets, which are grown mostly in the temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. A total of over 120 countries produce sugar.
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The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Sugar
N By Justin Walton Updated Dec 19, 2020 In the 2019/2020 crop year, global sugar production was approximately 166.18 million metric tons, with 182 million metric tons expected for 2020/2021.1 2 <span>Approximately 80% of the world's sugar is produced from sugar cane in tropical and subtropical climates. The remaining 20% comes from sugar beets, which are grown mostly in the temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. A total of over 120 countries produce sugar. Key Takeaways In the 2019–2020 crop year, global sugar production was approximately 166.18 million metric tons, with 182 million metric tons expected for 2020–2021. The largest sugar-pr




The largest sugar-producing countries in 2019–2020 were Brazil, India, the EU, China, and Thailand.
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The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Sugar
120 countries produce sugar. Key Takeaways In the 2019–2020 crop year, global sugar production was approximately 166.18 million metric tons, with 182 million metric tons expected for 2020–2021. <span>The largest sugar-producing countries in 2019–2020 were Brazil, India, the EU, China, and Thailand. Brazil was the single largest producer, with 29.93 million metric tons of sugar produced in 2019–2020. The largest sugar-producing countries were as follows: 1. Brazil Brazil regained i




Brazil was the single largest producer, with 29.93 million metric tons of sugar produced in 2019–2020.
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The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Sugar
pproximately 166.18 million metric tons, with 182 million metric tons expected for 2020–2021. The largest sugar-producing countries in 2019–2020 were Brazil, India, the EU, China, and Thailand. <span>Brazil was the single largest producer, with 29.93 million metric tons of sugar produced in 2019–2020. The largest sugar-producing countries were as follows: 1. Brazil Brazil regained its historical place as the world's largest sugar producer from India during the 2019–2020 crop year. Th




Brazil regained its historical place as the world's largest sugar producer from India during the 2019–2020 crop year. The country produced 29.93 million metric tons of sugar. 1  Furthermore, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) forecasts that Brazil's sugar production will increase by over 40% to more than 42 million tons during 2020–2021
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The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Sugar
EU, China, and Thailand. Brazil was the single largest producer, with 29.93 million metric tons of sugar produced in 2019–2020. The largest sugar-producing countries were as follows: 1. Brazil <span>Brazil regained its historical place as the world's largest sugar producer from India during the 2019–2020 crop year. The country produced 29.93 million metric tons of sugar.1 Furthermore, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) forecasts that Brazil's sugar production will increase by over 40% to more than 42 million tons during 2020–2021.2 United States Department of Agriculture. "Sugar: World Markets and Trade." Accessed Dec. 17, 2020. This massive increase in sugar production will be achieved by shifting a substantial




This massive increase in sugar production will be achieved by shifting a substantial fraction of Brazil's sugar cane crop from ethanol production to sugar production. In addition to being the world's largest sugar producer, Brazil is second only to the United States in ethanol production.
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The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Sugar
metric tons of sugar.1 Furthermore, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) forecasts that Brazil's sugar production will increase by over 40% to more than 42 million tons during 2020–2021.2 <span>This massive increase in sugar production will be achieved by shifting a substantial fraction of Brazil's sugar cane crop from ethanol production to sugar production. In addition to being the world's largest sugar producer, Brazil is second only to the United States in ethanol production.3 Renewable Fuels Association. "Annual World Fuel Ethanol Production." Accessed Dec. 17, 2020. Since the mid-1990s, the volume of sugar cane harvested and processed in Brazil has almost




Countries with more land, warmer temperatures, and more rain tend to produce more sugar.
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The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Sugar
g demand for sugar cane ethanol and renewable fuels in general. With no drop in food production over that time, Brazil has proved its viability as an effective and efficient ethanol powerhouse. <span>Countries with more land, warmer temperatures, and more rain tend to produce more sugar. 2. India India fell back to second place in sugar production during 2019–2020, narrowly losing the top spot to Brazil. India's economy produced 28.9 million metric tons of sugar.1 That




The balance of payments (BOP) is the method countries use to monitor all international monetary transactions at a specific period. Usually, the BOP is calculated every quarter and every calendar year.
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What Is the Balance of Payments?
rade Guide Guide to Economics Microeconomics Macroeconomics Behavioral Economics Economy Economics What Is the Balance of Payments? FACEBOOK TWITTER LINKEDIN By Reem Heakal Updated Jul 20, 2019 <span>The balance of payments (BOP) is the method countries use to monitor all international monetary transactions at a specific period. Usually, the BOP is calculated every quarter and every calendar year. All trades conducted by both the private and public sectors are accounted for in the BOP to determine how much money is going in and out of a country. If a country has received money, t




All trades conducted by both the private and public sectors are accounted for in the BOP to determine how much money is going in and out of a country. If a country has received money, this is known as a credit, and if a country has paid or given money, the transaction is counted as a debit.
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What Is the Balance of Payments?
ance of payments (BOP) is the method countries use to monitor all international monetary transactions at a specific period. Usually, the BOP is calculated every quarter and every calendar year. <span>All trades conducted by both the private and public sectors are accounted for in the BOP to determine how much money is going in and out of a country. If a country has received money, this is known as a credit, and if a country has paid or given money, the transaction is counted as a debit. Theoretically, the BOP should be zero, meaning that assets (credits) and liabilities (debits) should balance, but in practice, this is rarely the case. Thus, the BOP can tell the observ




Theoretically, the BOP should be zero, meaning that assets (credits) and liabilities (debits) should balance, but in practice, this is rarely the case. Thus, the BOP can tell the observer if a country has a deficit or a surplus and from which part of the economy the discrepancies are stemming.
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What Is the Balance of Payments?
ine how much money is going in and out of a country. If a country has received money, this is known as a credit, and if a country has paid or given money, the transaction is counted as a debit. <span>Theoretically, the BOP should be zero, meaning that assets (credits) and liabilities (debits) should balance, but in practice, this is rarely the case. Thus, the BOP can tell the observer if a country has a deficit or a surplus and from which part of the economy the discrepancies are stemming. Key Takeaways The balance of payments (BOP) is the record of all international financial transactions made by the residents of a country. There are three main categories of BOP: the cur




The Current Account

The current account is used to mark the inflow and outflow of goods and services into a country. Earnings on investments, both public and private, are also put into the current account.

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What Is the Balance of Payments?
rent account, the capital account, and the financial account. Within these three categories are sub-divisions, each of which accounts for a different type of international monetary transaction. <span>The Current Account The current account is used to mark the inflow and outflow of goods and services into a country. Earnings on investments, both public and private, are also put into the current account. Within the current account are credits and debits on the trade of merchandise, which includes goods such as raw materials and manufactured goods that are bought, sold, or given away (po




A trade deficit occurs when a country's imports exceed its exports during a given time period. It is also referred to as a negative balance of trade (BOT).
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Trade Deficit Definition
Presidential Election Guide Guide to Antitrust Laws Economy Government & Policy Trade Deficit By Andrew Bloomenthal Reviewed By Peter Westfall Updated Nov 20, 2020 What Is a Trade Deficit? <span>A trade deficit occurs when a country's imports exceed its exports during a given time period. It is also referred to as a negative balance of trade (BOT). The balance can be calculated on different categories of transactions: goods (a.k.a., “merchandise”), services, goods and services. Balances are also calculated for international transa




Hedge fund investing is usually open only to the very wealthy and institutions. Hedge funds are speculative, which means returns can fluctuate heavily.
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Hedge Fund Investing Essentials
> Alternative Investments Marijuana Investing Hedge Funds Investing Private Equity & Venture Cap Real Estate Investing Alternative Investments Hedge Funds Investing Hedge Funds Investing <span>Hedge fund investing is usually open only to the very wealthy and institutions. Hedge funds are speculative, which means returns can fluctuate heavily. Alternative Investments Marijuana Investing Hedge Funds Investing Private Equity & Venture Cap Real Estate Investing Offshore Definition The term offshore refers to a location outsi




What Is Offshore?

The term offshore refers to a location outside of one's national boundaries, whether or not that location is land- or water-based. The term may be used to describe foreign banks, corporations, investments, and deposits.

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Offshore Definition
g Hedge Funds Investing Private Equity & Venture Cap Real Estate Investing Alternative Investments Hedge Funds Investing Offshore By Adam Hayes Reviewed By Gordon Scott Updated Mar 19, 2020 <span>What Is Offshore? The term offshore refers to a location outside of one's national boundaries, whether or not that location is land- or water-based. The term may be used to describe foreign banks, corporations, investments, and deposits. A company may legitimately move offshore for the purpose of tax avoidance or to enjoy relaxed regulations. Offshore financial institutions can also be used for illicit purposes such as




Offshore can refer to a variety of foreign-based entities or accounts. In order to qualify as offshore, the accounts or entity must be based in any country other than the customer’s or investor’s home nation.
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Offshore Definition
CE Increase Volume↑ Decrease Volume↓ Seek Forward→ Seek Backward← Captions On/Offc Fullscreen/Exit Fullscreenf Mute/Unmutem Seek %0-9 Live 00:00 00:00 01:36 1:36 Offshore Understanding Offshore <span>Offshore can refer to a variety of foreign-based entities or accounts. In order to qualify as offshore, the accounts or entity must be based in any country other than the customer’s or investor’s home nation. Many countries, territories, and jurisdictions have offshore financial centers (OFCs). These include well-known centers such as Switzerland, Bermuda, or the Cayman Islands, and lesser-k




  • Dark matter is a hypothetical form of matter that is thought to account for approximately 85% of the matter in the universe.
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    The Universe, Big Bang Theory, Dark Energy, Gravitational waves | PMF IAS
    o be consistent with the amount of matter that we know exists in them. Such fast rotation is possible only when there is more mass, and that extra mass is believed to come from the dark matter. <span>Dark matter is a hypothetical form of matter that is thought to account for approximately 85% of the matter in the universe. Dark energy plus dark matter constitutes 95.1% of the total content of the universe (the rest in the normal matter). In short, we are unsure about what’s there in 95% of the universe! T




    This Agreement, negotiated during the Uruguay Round, applies only to measures that affect trade in goods. Recognizing that certain investment measures can have trade-restrictive and distorting effects, it states that no Member shall apply a measure that is prohibited by the provisions of GATT Article III (national treatment) or Article XI (quantitative restrictions).
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    WTO | Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs)
    ;nbsp; <a class="menulanguagetext" href="/french/tratop_f/invest_f/trims_f.htm">français</a></p> home trade topics trims Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) <span>This Agreement, negotiated during the Uruguay Round, applies only to measures that affect trade in goods. Recognizing that certain investment measures can have trade-restrictive and distorting effects, it states that no Member shall apply a measure that is prohibited by the provisions of GATT Article III (national treatment) or Article XI (quantitative restrictions). Examples of inconsistent measures, as spelled out in the Annex's Illustrative List, include local content or trade balancing requirements. The Agreement contains transitional arrangemen




    Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs)

    This Agreement, negotiated during the Uruguay Round, applies only to measures that affect trade in goods. Recognizing that certain investment measures can have trade-restrictive and distorting effects, it states that no Member shall apply a measure that is prohibited by the provisions of GATT Article III (national treatment) or Article XI (quantitative restrictions).

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    WTO | Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs)
    tratop_s/invest_s/trims_s.htm">español</a>&nbsp; <a class="menulanguagetext" href="/french/tratop_f/invest_f/trims_f.htm">français</a></p> home trade topics trims <span>Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) This Agreement, negotiated during the Uruguay Round, applies only to measures that affect trade in goods. Recognizing that certain investment measures can have trade-restrictive and distorting effects, it states that no Member shall apply a measure that is prohibited by the provisions of GATT Article III (national treatment) or Article XI (quantitative restrictions). Examples of inconsistent measures, as spelled out in the Annex's Illustrative List, include local content or trade balancing requirements. The Agreement contains transitional arrangemen




    A new variant of the pandemic SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is spreading rapidly in Britain and prompting high levels of concern among its European neighbours, some of which have cut transport links.

    The strain, referred to by some experts as the B.1.1.7 lineage, is not the first new variant of the pandemic virus to emerge, but is said to be up to 70% more transmissible than the previously dominant strain in the United Kingdom.

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    Unknown title
    ecome the dominant strain in cases of COVID-19 in parts of southern England, and has been linked to an increase in hospitalisation rates, especially in London and in the adjacent county of Kent <span>A new variant of the pandemic SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is spreading rapidly in Britain and prompting high levels of concern among its European neighbours, some of which have cut transport links. The strain, referred to by some experts as the B.1.1.7 lineage, is not the first new variant of the pandemic virus to emerge, but is said to be up to 70% more transmissible than the previously dominant strain in the United Kingdom. Are the concerns justified? Most scientists say yes. The new variant has rapidly become the dominant strain in cases of COVID-19 in parts of southern England, and has been linked to an




    “The new B.1.1.7 ... still appears to have all the human lethality that the original had, but with an increased ability to transmit," said Martin Hibberd, professor of emerging infectious disease at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
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    Unknown title
    production "R" rate by 0.4. This means it is spreading faster in Britain, making the pandemic there yet harder to control and increasing the risk it will also spread swiftly in other countries. <span>“The new B.1.1.7 ... still appears to have all the human lethality that the original had, but with an increased ability to transmit," said Martin Hibberd, professor of emerging infectious disease at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. Will COVID-19 vaccines protect against this variant? Scientists say there's no evidence that vaccines currently being deployed in the U.K. — made by Pfizer and BioNtech — or other COVID




    Are there other significant SARS-CoV-2 variants?

    Yes. Strains of the COVID-19-causing virus have emerged in recent months in South Africa, Spain, Denmark and other countries that have also raised concern.

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    Unknown title
    ratory Medicine. Since PCR tests generally detect more than one gene target, however, a mutation in the spike protein only partly affects the test, reducing that risk of false negative results. <span>Are there other significant SARS-CoV-2 variants? Yes. Strains of the COVID-19-causing virus have emerged in recent months in South Africa, Spain, Denmark and other countries that have also raised concern. However none, so far, has been found to contain mutations that make it more deadly, or more likely to be able to evade vaccines or treatments. Did this new variant originate in Britain?




    The governments of Australia, Italy and the Netherlands say they detected cases of the new strain. It was identified in the Netherlands in early December.
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    Unknown title
    chief While it was first seen in Britain in September, by the week of December 9 in London, 62% of COVID-19 cases were due to the new variant. That compared to 28% of cases three weeks earlier. <span>The governments of Australia, Italy and the Netherlands say they detected cases of the new strain. It was identified in the Netherlands in early December. A few cases of COVID-19 with the new variant have also been reported to the ECDC, Europe's disease monitoring agency, by Iceland and Denmark. Media reports in Belgium say cases have als




    There are a number of ways of looking at the World Trade Organization. It is an organization for trade opening. It is a forum for governments to negotiate trade agreements. It is a place for them to settle trade disputes. It operates a system of trade rules. Essentially, the WTO is a place where member governments try to sort out the trade problems they face with each other.
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    WTO | What is the WTO? - Who we are
    lt;a class="menulanguagetext" href="../../../french/thewto_f/whatis_f/who_we_are_f.htm">français</a></p> home the wto what is the wto? who we are UNDERSTANDING THE WTO Who we are <span>There are a number of ways of looking at the World Trade Organization. It is an organization for trade opening. It is a forum for governments to negotiate trade agreements. It is a place for them to settle trade disputes. It operates a system of trade rules. Essentially, the WTO is a place where member governments try to sort out the trade problems they face with each other. The WTO What is the WTO? [-] Who we are What we do What we stand for Overview History of GATT/WTO Decision-making [+] Organization chart Ministerial conferences General Council Membersh




    The bulk of the WTO’s current work comes from the 1986–94 negotiations called the Uruguay Round and earlier negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The WTO is currently the host to new negotiations, under the ‘Doha Development Agenda’ launched in 2001.
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    WTO | What is the WTO? - Who we are
    ions Annual report Jobs in the WTO [+] Vacancies WTO internship programme How to contact the WTO The WTO was born out of negotiations, and everything the WTO does is the result of negotiations. <span>The bulk of the WTO’s current work comes from the 1986–94 negotiations called the Uruguay Round and earlier negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The WTO is currently the host to new negotiations, under the ‘Doha Development Agenda’ launched in 2001. Where countries have faced trade barriers and wanted them lowered, the negotiations have helped to open markets for trade. But the WTO is not just about opening markets, and in some cir




    But the WTO is not just about opening markets, and in some circumstances its rules support maintaining trade barriers — for example, to protect consumers or prevent the spread of disease.
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    WTO | What is the WTO? - Who we are
    ew negotiations, under the ‘Doha Development Agenda’ launched in 2001. Where countries have faced trade barriers and wanted them lowered, the negotiations have helped to open markets for trade. <span>But the WTO is not just about opening markets, and in some circumstances its rules support maintaining trade barriers — for example, to protect consumers or prevent the spread of disease. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations. These documents provide the legal ground rules for international commerce. They ar