Edited, memorised or added to reading list

on 23-Dec-2020 (Wed)

Do you want BuboFlash to help you learning these things? Click here to log in or create user.

He said RBI has advised all banks, non-deposit taking NBFCs (with an asset size of ₹5,000 crore) and all deposit-taking NBFCs to “assess the impact of COVID-19 on their balance sheet, asset quality, liquidity, profitability and capital adequacy for the financial year 2020-21.”
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
a careful assessment of how the crisis unfolds. Building buffers and raising capital will be crucial not only to ensure credit flow but also build resilience in the financial system,” he said. <span>He said RBI has advised all banks, non-deposit taking NBFCs (with an asset size of ₹5,000 crore) and all deposit-taking NBFCs to “assess the impact of COVID-19 on their balance sheet, asset quality, liquidity, profitability and capital adequacy for the financial year 2020-21.” “Based on the outcome of such stress testing, banks and non-banking financial companies have been advised to work out possible mitigating measures including capital planning, capital ra




Mr. Das said the minimum capital requirements of banks, which are calibrated based on historical loss events, may no longer be considered sufficient enough to absorb the losses in the present circumstances.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
itoring. Increasing share of bank lending to NBFCs and the continuing crunch in market-based financing faced by the NBFCs and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) also need to be watched carefully. <span>Mr. Das said the minimum capital requirements of banks, which are calibrated based on historical loss events, may no longer be considered sufficient enough to absorb the losses in the present circumstances. “Meeting the minimum capital requirement is necessary, but not a sufficient condition for financial stability. Hence, it is imperative that the approach to risk management in banks shou




“Meeting the minimum capital requirement is necessary, but not a sufficient condition for financial stability. Hence, it is imperative that the approach to risk management in banks should be in tune with the realisation of more frequent, varied and bigger risk events than in the past,” he said.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
the minimum capital requirements of banks, which are calibrated based on historical loss events, may no longer be considered sufficient enough to absorb the losses in the present circumstances. <span>“Meeting the minimum capital requirement is necessary, but not a sufficient condition for financial stability. Hence, it is imperative that the approach to risk management in banks should be in tune with the realisation of more frequent, varied and bigger risk events than in the past,” he said. He said the supervisory approach of the RBI would be to further strengthen its focus on developing financial institutions’ ability to identify, measure, and mitigate the risks. “The new




He said the supervisory approach of the RBI would be to further strengthen its focus on developing financial institutions’ ability to identify, measure, and mitigate the risks.

“The new supervisory approach will be two-pronged - first, strengthening the internal defences of the supervised entities; and second, greater focus on identifying the early warning signals and initiate corrective action,” he said.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
ability. Hence, it is imperative that the approach to risk management in banks should be in tune with the realisation of more frequent, varied and bigger risk events than in the past,” he said. <span>He said the supervisory approach of the RBI would be to further strengthen its focus on developing financial institutions’ ability to identify, measure, and mitigate the risks. “The new supervisory approach will be two-pronged - first, strengthening the internal defences of the supervised entities; and second, greater focus on identifying the early warning signals and initiate corrective action,” he said. Stating that higher emphasis is being given on identifying causes of weaknesses than on symptoms, he said the symptoms of weak banks were usually poor asset quality, lack of profitabili




He said the thrust of the approach is, to improve the risk, compliance, and governance culture amongst the financial institutions. He said in commercial banks there needs to be separation of ownership from management.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
or inappropriate governance and assurance functions; poor decision-making by senior management; and misalignment of internal incentive structures with external stakeholder interests,” he said. <span>He said the thrust of the approach is, to improve the risk, compliance, and governance culture amongst the financial institutions. He said in commercial banks there needs to be separation of ownership from management. He said the apex bank has further enhancing its off-site surveillance mechanism. “The objective of the off-site surveillance system would be to ‘smell the distress’, if any, and be able




“The off-site assessment framework, which takes into account macro and micro variables, is more analytical and forward looking and aimed at identifying vulnerable sectors, borrowers as well as supervised entities,” he added.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
if any, and be able to initiate pre-emptive actions. This requires use of market intelligence inputs and on-going engagements with financial institutions on potential vulnerabilities,” he said. <span>“The off-site assessment framework, which takes into account macro and micro variables, is more analytical and forward looking and aimed at identifying vulnerable sectors, borrowers as well as supervised entities,” he added. He said in a possibly vastly different post-COVID-19 global environment, reallocation of factors of productions within the economy and innovative ways of expanding economic activity cou




Emphasizing that the Reserve Bank is making continuous assessment of the changing trajectory of financial stability risks and upgrading its own supervisory framework to ensure that financial stability is preserved
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
n orderly unwinding of counter-cyclical regulatory measures and the financial sector should return to normal functioning without relying on the regulatory relaxations as the new norm,” he said. <span>Emphasizing that the Reserve Bank is making continuous assessment of the changing trajectory of financial stability risks and upgrading its own supervisory framework to ensure that financial stability is preserved, Mr. Das urged banks and financial intermediaries to be ever vigilant and substantially upgrade their capabilities with respect to governance, assurance functions and risk culture. A le




Industry body FICCI on Sunday said its Economic Outlook Survey has projected the country’s annual median GDP growth for 2020-21 at (-) 4.5%.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
PRINT A A A Representational photo. | Photo Credit: istock/Getty Images The latest forecast marks a sharp downward revision from the growth estimate of 5.5 % reported in the January 2020 survey <span>Industry body FICCI on Sunday said its Economic Outlook Survey has projected the country’s annual median GDP growth for 2020-21 at (-) 4.5%. With the rapid spread of COVID-19 pandemic manifesting into an economic and healthcare crisis globally, the latest forecast marks a sharp downward revision from the growth estimate of 5




Industry body FICCI on Sunday said its Economic Outlook Survey has projected the country’s annual median GDP growth for 2020-21 at (-) 4.5%.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
PRINT A A A Representational photo. | Photo Credit: istock/Getty Images The latest forecast marks a sharp downward revision from the growth estimate of 5.5 % reported in the January 2020 survey <span>Industry body FICCI on Sunday said its Economic Outlook Survey has projected the country’s annual median GDP growth for 2020-21 at (-) 4.5%. With the rapid spread of COVID-19 pandemic manifesting into an economic and healthcare crisis globally, the latest forecast marks a sharp downward revision from the growth estimate of 5




While addressing SBI Banking and Economics Conclave on Saturday, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
he pandemic outbreak has severely impacted the economic activities as the country had to go through a lockdown to check spread of the virus. However, the restrictions are being gradually eased. <span>While addressing SBI Banking and Economics Conclave on Saturday, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das said the Indian economy has started showing signs of getting back to normalcy in response to the staggered easing of restrictions. “It is, however, still uncertain when supply chains wi




According to the survery, some of the stimulus measures are reaching to the ground — especially through the credit guarantee scheme for MSMEs and support through MGNREGA — which is positive.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
mand and investment outlook muted, robust government expenditure has been the only saviour. Nonetheless, growth is likely to bottom out post the second quarter of current fiscal year,” it said. <span>According to the survery, some of the stimulus measures are reaching to the ground — especially through the credit guarantee scheme for MSMEs and support through MGNREGA — which is positive. During the survey, economists were asked to share their views on the fiscal stimulus package 2.0 and any additional measures that can be undertaken. Participants were of the view that g




“The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI (Wholesale Price Index), stood at -1.81% (provisional) for the month of June, 2020, as compared to 2.02% during the corresponding month of the previous year,” the Commerce and Industry Ministry said in a statement.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
in May. The wholesale price-based inflation declined 1.81% in June due to decline in prices of fuel and power, even as food articles remained expensive. The rate of deflation in May was 3.21%. <span>“The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI (Wholesale Price Index), stood at -1.81% (provisional) for the month of June, 2020, as compared to 2.02% during the corresponding month of the previous year,” the Commerce and Industry Ministry said in a statement. Inflation in food articles during June stood at 2.04%, as against 1.13% in May. In fuel and power basket, deflation stood at 13.60% in June, against 19.83% in the previous month. Manufa




Seven years after talks on a free trade agreement were suspended, India and the European Union (EU) are set to agree on a “High-level dialogue on Trade and Investment” to restart negotiations. The announcement is expected at a virtual “EU-India Summit” led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar, who will engage with President of the European Council Charles Michel and President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, accompanied by High Representative Josep Borrell.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
PRINT A A A The announcement is expected at a virtual “EU-India Summit". | Photo Credit: REUTERS COVID-19, medical developments and concerns over an ‘assertive’ China will be high on the agenda <span>Seven years after talks on a free trade agreement were suspended, India and the European Union (EU) are set to agree on a “High-level dialogue on Trade and Investment” to restart negotiations. The announcement is expected at a virtual “EU-India Summit” led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar, who will engage with President of the European Council Charles Michel and President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, accompanied by High Representative Josep Borrell. Analysis | India faces a year of tough trade negotiations According to officials, tackling COVID-19 and its impact on economy and the global order will be high on the agenda. In particu




Vietnam, which is emerging as a formidable competition to many economies, has already signed at a trade pact with the EU.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India set to resume talks on free trade agreements with EU, US | Business Standard News
h the EU, talks have been stalled since 2013 after differences on various issues could not be ironed out. Other Asian nations looking at trade deals with the west, Vietnam has already inked one <span>Vietnam, which is emerging as a formidable competition to many economies, has already signed at a trade pact with the EU. "The European economy needs now every opportunity to restore its strength after the crisis triggered by the coronavirus," Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, sai




After intense negotiations for an FTA with the EU, talks have been stalled since 2013 after differences on various issues could not be ironed out.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India set to resume talks on free trade agreements with EU, US | Business Standard News
de agreements with other countries, though now that seems to be the popular notion after we exited the RCEP, we understand the need to remain globally and regionally integrated," Agarwal added. <span>After intense negotiations for an FTA with the EU, talks have been stalled since 2013 after differences on various issues could not be ironed out. Other Asian nations looking at trade deals with the west, Vietnam has already inked one Vietnam, which is emerging as a formidable competition to many economies, has already signed at a




India, which has not signed any trade agreement since 2012, will soon revive talks on the possible free trade agreement (FTA) with the European Union and the US. Even as the Narendra Modi government opted out of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), it is keen on inking trade deals with other economic blocs, a highly placed source said, adding that India could gain significantly amid a growing anti-China sentiment in many parts of the world.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India set to resume talks on free trade agreements with EU, US | Business Standard News
US response on mini trade deal of the kind signed with EU At EU meet, PM Narendra Modi to pitch for 'early harvest' agreement India lags China in South Asian trade despite Free Trade Agreements <span>India, which has not signed any trade agreement since 2012, will soon revive talks on the possible free trade agreement (FTA) with the European Union and the US. Even as the Narendra Modi government opted out of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), it is keen on inking trade deals with other economic blocs, a highly placed source said, adding that India could gain significantly amid a growing anti-China sentiment in many parts of the world. The EU is India's largest trading partner accounting for 11.1 per cent of total Indian trade, on par with the US and ahead of China (10.7 per cent)."We are positive that FTAs with the E




India, which has not signed any trade agreement since 2012, will soon revive talks on the possible free trade agreement (FTA) with the European Union and the US. Even as the Narendra Modi government opted out of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), it is keen on inking trade deals with other economic blocs, a highly placed source said, adding that India could gain significantly amid a growing anti-China sentiment in many parts of the world.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India set to resume talks on free trade agreements with EU, US | Business Standard News
US response on mini trade deal of the kind signed with EU At EU meet, PM Narendra Modi to pitch for 'early harvest' agreement India lags China in South Asian trade despite Free Trade Agreements <span>India, which has not signed any trade agreement since 2012, will soon revive talks on the possible free trade agreement (FTA) with the European Union and the US. Even as the Narendra Modi government opted out of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), it is keen on inking trade deals with other economic blocs, a highly placed source said, adding that India could gain significantly amid a growing anti-China sentiment in many parts of the world. The EU is India's largest trading partner accounting for 11.1 per cent of total Indian trade, on par with the US and ahead of China (10.7 per cent)."We are positive that FTAs with the E




The Bombay Club, comprised eminent Indian industrialists who while supporting the process of economic liberalisation in 1993 sought protection and measures for a level-playing field.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India set to resume talks on free trade agreements with EU, US | Business Standard News
to remain connected with other countries and that includes trade and economic co-operation," Sanjaya Baru, economist and media adviser to former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had said earlier. <span>The Bombay Club, comprised eminent Indian industrialists who while supporting the process of economic liberalisation in 1993 sought protection and measures for a level-playing field. (Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.) Dear Reader, Busi




The E.U.-China summit was held on June 22 and similar summits were held with the leadership of Japan and South Korea as well last month.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
e deadly clashes at the Galwan Valley last month, and they were ‘pleased’ that both sides have since agreed to military de-escalation and a continuation of dialogue to resolve the border issue. <span>The E.U.-China summit was held on June 22 and similar summits were held with the leadership of Japan and South Korea as well last month. Maritime security dialogue During this summit, India and the E.U. are expected to conclude several agreements including a roadmap for cooperation, an agreement on civil nuclear cooperat




During this summit, India and the E.U. are expected to conclude several agreements including a roadmap for cooperation, an agreement on civil nuclear cooperation and launch a maritime security dialogue as well as negotiations between Europol and the CBI.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
to resolve the border issue. The E.U.-China summit was held on June 22 and similar summits were held with the leadership of Japan and South Korea as well last month. Maritime security dialogue <span>During this summit, India and the E.U. are expected to conclude several agreements including a roadmap for cooperation, an agreement on civil nuclear cooperation and launch a maritime security dialogue as well as negotiations between Europol and the CBI. The trade and investment dialogue, to be conducted between Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal and E.U. Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan, is expected to give a kickstart to negotiations on the




Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) as the EU-India FTA is known, which have failed to be resumed despite several commitments by the leaders, including at the last E.U.-India summit in 2017.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
the CBI. The trade and investment dialogue, to be conducted between Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal and E.U. Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan, is expected to give a kickstart to negotiations on the <span>Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) as the EU-India FTA is known, which have failed to be resumed despite several commitments by the leaders, including at the last E.U.-India summit in 2017. Also read | India, EU to push for free trade pact again “The leaders have expressed their ambition to move towards a comprehensive free trade agreement and an investment protection agre




The official said trade with India formed under 3% of the E.U.’s global trade, which is “far below” what was expected of the relationship.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
COVID-19 crisis and recent pronouncements that India wants to go ‘Self reliant’, didn’t help the situation,” the official said, referring to Prime Minister Modi’s launch of “Atmanirbhar India”. <span>The official said trade with India formed under 3% of the E.U.’s global trade, which is “far below” what was expected of the relationship. Conversely, the E.U. is India’s largest trading partner and investor, and accounts for 11% of India’s global trade. The official also said the E.U. has reservations about the model “Bil




The official said trade with India formed under 3% of the E.U.’s global trade, which is “far below” what was expected of the relationship. Conversely, the E.U. is India’s largest trading partner and investor, and accounts for 11% of India’s global trade. The official also said the E.U. has reservations about the model “Bilateral Investment Treaty” (BIT) that New Delhi has proposed, especially on dispute mechanisms in Indian courts.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
COVID-19 crisis and recent pronouncements that India wants to go ‘Self reliant’, didn’t help the situation,” the official said, referring to Prime Minister Modi’s launch of “Atmanirbhar India”. <span>The official said trade with India formed under 3% of the E.U.’s global trade, which is “far below” what was expected of the relationship. Conversely, the E.U. is India’s largest trading partner and investor, and accounts for 11% of India’s global trade. The official also said the E.U. has reservations about the model “Bilateral Investment Treaty” (BIT) that New Delhi has proposed, especially on dispute mechanisms in Indian courts. Speaking about the importance of multilateralism and cooperation on global forums, the officials said the E.U. had welcomed India’s election to the U.N. Security Council next year, and




As part of the reform process for the farm sector, the government amended the six-and-a-half-decade-old Essential Commodities Act to deregulate food items, including cereals, edible oil, oilseeds, pulses, onion and potato.

The amendment, besides deregulating production and sale of food products, will provide for no stock limit to be imposed on any produce.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
come up with reforms. These are reforms which have been talked about for a long time. They certainly can be beneficial for a significant portion of our economy if implemented,” Mr. Rajan said. <span>As part of the reform process for the farm sector, the government amended the six-and-a-half-decade-old Essential Commodities Act to deregulate food items, including cereals, edible oil, oilseeds, pulses, onion and potato. The amendment, besides deregulating production and sale of food products, will provide for no stock limit to be imposed on any produce. Last month, the government approved an ordinance to allow barrier-free trade in agriculture produce outside the notified APMC mandis. The Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion a




(a) the supply of such foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds and oils, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, may be regulated only under extraordinary circumstances which may include war, famine, extraordinary price rise and natural calamity of grave nature;
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India Code: Essential Commodities Act, 1955
, by order, provide for regulating or prohibiting the production, supply and distribution thereof and trade and commerce therein. 2[(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1),-- <span>(a) the supply of such foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds and oils, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, may be regulated only under extraordinary circumstances which may include war, famine, extraordinary price rise and natural calamity of grave nature; (b) any action on imposing stock limit shall be based on price rise and an order for regulating stock limit of any agricultural produce may be issued under this Act only if there is-- (




(a) the supply of such foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds and oils, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, may be regulated only under extraordinary circumstances which may include war, famine, extraordinary price rise and natural calamity of grave nature;

(b) any action on imposing stock limit shall be based on price rise and an order for regulating stock limit of any agricultural produce may be issued under this Act only if there is--
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India Code: Essential Commodities Act, 1955
, by order, provide for regulating or prohibiting the production, supply and distribution thereof and trade and commerce therein. 2[(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1),-- <span>(a) the supply of such foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds and oils, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, may be regulated only under extraordinary circumstances which may include war, famine, extraordinary price rise and natural calamity of grave nature; (b) any action on imposing stock limit shall be based on price rise and an order for regulating stock limit of any agricultural produce may be issued under this Act only if there is-- (i) hundred per cent. increase in the retail price of horticultural produce; or (ii) fifty per cent. increase in the retail price of non-perishable agricultural foodstuffs. over the pri




The Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020, proposes to bar state governments from imposing taxes on sale and purchase of farm produce undertaken outside the mandis and give farmers the freedom to sell their produce at remunerative prices.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
ll provide for no stock limit to be imposed on any produce. Last month, the government approved an ordinance to allow barrier-free trade in agriculture produce outside the notified APMC mandis. <span>The Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020, proposes to bar state governments from imposing taxes on sale and purchase of farm produce undertaken outside the mandis and give farmers the freedom to sell their produce at remunerative prices. Besides, any conflicts arising from the transactions will be dealt with exclusively by the Sub Division Magistrate (SDM) and District Collectorate within 30 days and not in the jurisdic




n the backdrop of likely rise in Non Performing Assets (NPA) due to the pandemic, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced guidelines for “Fair Practices Code” (FPC) for Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) to ensure highest standards of transparency and fairness while dealing with their stakeholders.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
:06 IST Updated: July 16, 2020 17:02 IST Norms stress on compliance and saving debtors from harassment Share Article 0 PRINT A A A Norms stress on compliance and saving debtors from harassment I<span>n the backdrop of likely rise in Non Performing Assets (NPA) due to the pandemic, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced guidelines for “Fair Practices Code” (FPC) for Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) to ensure highest standards of transparency and fairness while dealing with their stakeholders. All ARCs registered with banks have been asked to put in place FPC duly approved by their Board. This directive is in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 9 of the Securitisation




All ARCs registered with banks have been asked to put in place FPC duly approved by their Board.

This directive is in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 9 of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Securities Interest Act, 2002, the RBI said.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
as announced guidelines for “Fair Practices Code” (FPC) for Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) to ensure highest standards of transparency and fairness while dealing with their stakeholders. <span>All ARCs registered with banks have been asked to put in place FPC duly approved by their Board. This directive is in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 9 of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Securities Interest Act, 2002, the RBI said. As per the guidelines ARCs need to follow transparent and non-discriminatory practices in acquisition of assets and maintain arm’s length distance in the pursuit of transparency. To enh




The members then questioned him on how the government could renege on the commitment to the States. At this, “he [Mr. Pandey] pointed out that the GST Act has provisions to rework the formula for paying compensation to the State governments if the revenue collection drops below a certain threshold,” one of the members said on condition of anonymity.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
nue sharing formula, sources said. According to at least two members who attended the meeting, Mr. Pandey’s comments were in response to a question on the revenue shortfall due to the pandemic. <span>The members then questioned him on how the government could renege on the commitment to the States. At this, “he [Mr. Pandey] pointed out that the GST Act has provisions to rework the formula for paying compensation to the State governments if the revenue collection drops below a certain threshold,” one of the members said on condition of anonymity. Editorial | Behind the curve: On GST compensation to States The Finance Ministry on Monday said the Centre had released the final instalment of ₹13,806 crore of GST compensation for the




The Finance Ministry on Monday said the Centre had released the final instalment of ₹13,806 crore of GST compensation for the financial year 2019-20.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
the State governments if the revenue collection drops below a certain threshold,” one of the members said on condition of anonymity. Editorial | Behind the curve: On GST compensation to States <span>The Finance Ministry on Monday said the Centre had released the final instalment of ₹13,806 crore of GST compensation for the financial year 2019-20. The GST Council was scheduled to meet in July to try and work out the formula to rework the compensation to the States. However, the meeting has not been convened so far. The opposition




Stating that recent agriculture reforms have opened new opportunities, the RBI Governor said the farm sector is emerging as a bright spot.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
VID-19 pandemic. In his address to India Inc at a CII event, Das said both private and public sectors have to play an important role in developing infrastructure that requires huge investments. <span>Stating that recent agriculture reforms have opened new opportunities, the RBI Governor said the farm sector is emerging as a bright spot. India needs policies for sustained increase in farm income, he added. With regard to forex rate, Das said the RBI has no fixed target for the rupee but will monitor undue volatility. A




In his address to India Inc at a CII event, Das said both private and public sectors have to play an important role in developing infrastructure that requires huge investments.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
dded RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das on Monday made a strong case for stepping up investments in the infrastructure sector to restart the economy reeling under the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. <span>In his address to India Inc at a CII event, Das said both private and public sectors have to play an important role in developing infrastructure that requires huge investments. Stating that recent agriculture reforms have opened new opportunities, the RBI Governor said the farm sector is emerging as a bright spot. India needs policies for sustained increase in




Ms. Sitharaman, in a conversation with Hero Enterprise Chairman Sunil Kant Munjal, said the government as part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat package had announced opening up of all sectors for private participation.

“The final call as to which are the secto₹ which are going to be called ‘strategic’ is not made yet, that has to be announced and I can’t preempt what announcement is likely to come.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
la Sitharaman said on Monday. The Minister also said she would soon meet small finance firms and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) to review the credit being extended by them to businesses. <span>Ms. Sitharaman, in a conversation with Hero Enterprise Chairman Sunil Kant Munjal, said the government as part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat package had announced opening up of all sectors for private participation. “The final call as to which are the secto₹ which are going to be called ‘strategic’ is not made yet, that has to be announced and I can’t preempt what announcement is likely to come. “But in those secto₹ which we are going to call strategic, the private will obviously be allowed to come in but the public secto₹ will be limited to a maximum of four units,” she said.




For the 2020-21 fiscal, the government has set a disinvestment target of ₹2.10 lakh crore. Of this, ₹1.20 lakh crore will come from disinvestment of public sector undertakings and another ₹90,000 crore from stake sale in financial institutions.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
h have been cleared by the Cabinet for disinvestment. The intent is clear that at least for those which had already been cleared by the Cabinet, we will have to disinvest,” Ms. Sitharaman said. <span>For the 2020-21 fiscal, the government has set a disinvestment target of ₹2.10 lakh crore. Of this, ₹1.20 lakh crore will come from disinvestment of public sector undertakings and another ₹90,000 crore from stake sale in financial institutions. With regard to extending credit to the industry, Ms. Sitharaman said under the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS), micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) can avail loan




“There are already nearly 22-23 such PSUs which have been cleared by the Cabinet for disinvestment. The intent is clear that at least for those which had already been cleared by the Cabinet, we will have to disinvest,
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
as scaling up of their operations. Talking about disinvestment plans, the minister said the government wants to sell stake in public sector companies at a time when it fetches the right price. <span>“There are already nearly 22-23 such PSUs which have been cleared by the Cabinet for disinvestment. The intent is clear that at least for those which had already been cleared by the Cabinet, we will have to disinvest,” Ms. Sitharaman said. For the 2020-21 fiscal, the government has set a disinvestment target of ₹2.10 lakh crore. Of this, ₹1.20 lakh crore will come from disinvestment of public sector




under the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS), micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) can avail loans.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
l come from disinvestment of public sector undertakings and another ₹90,000 crore from stake sale in financial institutions. With regard to extending credit to the industry, Ms. Sitharaman said <span>under the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS), micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) can avail loans. As of July 23, 2020, the total amount sanctioned under the 100% Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme by public and private sector banks stands at ₹1,30,491.79 crore, of which ₹82,065.




Once the moratorium lifts, and if the borrowers who had opted for it start to default on their loans, a spike could be observed in the Special Mention Accounts (accounts which have high potential to turn into NPAs later) in the September report.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
CB's gross loans and GNPAs. Both figures have come down since March 2018. This suggests that the smaller borrowers are now responsible for a higher share of bad loans than before. image/svg+xml <span>Once the moratorium lifts, and if the borrowers who had opted for it start to default on their loans, a spike could be observed in the Special Mention Accounts (accounts which have high potential to turn into NPAs later) in the September report. A letter from the Editor Dear reader, We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, ou




The BJP has not challenged or rejected Rao’s 1991 architecture. A full-fledged embrace and an aggressive pursuit of it even now could provide the BJP and the government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi a lodestar to steer the economy out of the choppy waters it is in at present.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
could become an icon in the BJP’s political project. Similarly Rao, another Congressman detested and humiliated by the dynasty, could become a robust underpinning for its economic architecture. <span>The BJP has not challenged or rejected Rao’s 1991 architecture. A full-fledged embrace and an aggressive pursuit of it even now could provide the BJP and the government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi a lodestar to steer the economy out of the choppy waters it is in at present. That architecture could help the BJP remove the present infirmity in its economic thinking. Otherwise, macroeconomic thought leadership will continue to be offered to the BJP by the sho




Dr. Manmohan Singh’s 1991-92 Budget speech marked the beginning of the end of the ‘Licence Raj’ in India.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
Force soldiers stitch personal protective equipment suits for health workers in New Delhi. AP The virus reveals how dependence on private sector-led economic growth has proved to be disastrous <span>Dr. Manmohan Singh’s 1991-92 Budget speech marked the beginning of the end of the ‘Licence Raj’ in India. The Budget also announced the reduction of import duties and paved the way for foreign-manufactured goods to flow into India. Following this, most of the manufacturing sector was opened




Dr. Manmohan Singh’s 1991-92 Budget speech marked the beginning of the end of the ‘Licence Raj’ in India. The Budget also announced the reduction of import duties and paved the way for foreign-manufactured goods to flow into India.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
Force soldiers stitch personal protective equipment suits for health workers in New Delhi. AP The virus reveals how dependence on private sector-led economic growth has proved to be disastrous <span>Dr. Manmohan Singh’s 1991-92 Budget speech marked the beginning of the end of the ‘Licence Raj’ in India. The Budget also announced the reduction of import duties and paved the way for foreign-manufactured goods to flow into India. Following this, most of the manufacturing sector was opened up to foreign direct investment. India’s industrial policy was virtually junked, and policymakers and the political leadershi




A disastrous model

In the late 1980s, transnational corporations started shifting the production base to smaller companies in developing countries, especially Asia, in search of cheap labour and raw materials. Developed countries supported the move because shifting the polluting and labour-intensive industries suited them as long as ownership remained with their companies. Thus, the world witnessed the development of global supply chains in many products starting with garments, wherein huge companies with massive market power dictated the terms to smaller manufacturers down the value chain to produce cheaply.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
ector was opened up to foreign direct investment. India’s industrial policy was virtually junked, and policymakers and the political leadership became contemptuous of the idea of self-reliance. <span>A disastrous model In the late 1980s, transnational corporations started shifting the production base to smaller companies in developing countries, especially Asia, in search of cheap labour and raw materials. Developed countries supported the move because shifting the polluting and labour-intensive industries suited them as long as ownership remained with their companies. Thus, the world witnessed the development of global supply chains in many products starting with garments, wherein huge companies with massive market power dictated the terms to smaller manufacturers down the value chain to produce cheaply. Coronavirus | No need to panic over availability of PPE: Health Ministry Though many developing countries participated in the global production/value/supply chains, the substantial valu




In the case of health products, China became the global supplier of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), personal protective equipment (PPE), and medical devices diagnostics.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
e logic of supply/value chains ensuring substantial value addition for themselves. They even carried out backward integration and thus emerged as global manufacturing hubs for certain products. <span>In the case of health products, China became the global supplier of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), personal protective equipment (PPE), and medical devices diagnostics. This has major implications for the COVID-19 outbreak. The resultant loss of manufacturing base has affected the ability of many governments, including of developed countries, to put up




the U.S. President invoked the Defense Production Act of 1950 to ramp up N95 mask production. Under this legislation, the U.S. President can direct U.S. manufacturers to shift from their normal manufacturing activities to produce goods according to the directions of the government.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
put up an effective response to the crisis. The U.K. Prime Minister asked the country’s manufacturers to produce ventilators in order to provide care for critical COVID-19 patients. Similarly, <span>the U.S. President invoked the Defense Production Act of 1950 to ramp up N95 mask production. Under this legislation, the U.S. President can direct U.S. manufacturers to shift from their normal manufacturing activities to produce goods according to the directions of the government. Similarly, the French Health Minister stated that the country may nationalise vaccine companies if necessary. Spain nationalised all its private hospitals. Israel and Chile issued compu




The dismantling of the ‘Licence Raj’ resulted in the elimination of channels of information for the government, which is crucial to make informed policy choices. For instance, as part of the removal of ‘Licence Raj’, the government stopped asking for information from the manufacturer to file the quantity of production of various medicines. As a result, it has taken weeks now and a series of meetings for the government to gather information about stocks and the production capacity of pharmaceutical companies. Similarly, there were difficulties in finding out India’s production capacity of PPE, medical devices and diagnostics. The only government data available in the public domain is with regard to the production of vaccines.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
disastrous. In India, economic liberalisation has damaged the government’s capacity in two ways. First, it incapacitated the government to respond to emergencies based on credible information. <span>The dismantling of the ‘Licence Raj’ resulted in the elimination of channels of information for the government, which is crucial to make informed policy choices. For instance, as part of the removal of ‘Licence Raj’, the government stopped asking for information from the manufacturer to file the quantity of production of various medicines. As a result, it has taken weeks now and a series of meetings for the government to gather information about stocks and the production capacity of pharmaceutical companies. Similarly, there were difficulties in finding out India’s production capacity of PPE, medical devices and diagnostics. The only government data available in the public domain is with regard to the production of vaccines. Second, the logic and policies of economic liberalisation seriously undermined the manufacturing capabilities of health products in India. The short-sighted policy measures, with the ob




Global supply/production chains not only destroyed the manufacturing base in developed and developing countries; they also resulted in loss of jobs and poor working conditions in these sectors. Developing countries were asked to ease their labour protection laws to facilitate global production and supply chains popularly known as global value chains. As a result, people were forced to work in precarious working conditions without any social security net. This created an unorganised army of labourers and is preventing many developing country governments from effectively offering relief.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
he name of economic efficiency, India allowed unconditional imports of these products and never took note of the dangers of dependency. Coronavirus | India to get 15 million PPE kits from China <span>Global supply/production chains not only destroyed the manufacturing base in developed and developing countries; they also resulted in loss of jobs and poor working conditions in these sectors. Developing countries were asked to ease their labour protection laws to facilitate global production and supply chains popularly known as global value chains. As a result, people were forced to work in precarious working conditions without any social security net. This created an unorganised army of labourers and is preventing many developing country governments from effectively offering relief. A virus has made us rethink our obsession with the economic efficiency theory. It implores us to put in place an industrial policy to maintain core capacity in health products so that w




Since its launch on October 7, 2019 and implementation of first phase, faceless scrutiny assessment scheme has provided for assessment of income tax in electronic mode
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
Since its launch on October 7, 2019 and implementation of first phase, faceless scrutiny assessment scheme has provided for assessment of income tax in electronic mode Share Article PRINT A A A <span>Since its launch on October 7, 2019 and implementation of first phase, faceless scrutiny assessment scheme has provided for assessment of income tax in electronic mode The Income Tax department has disposed of 7,116 cases under the first phase of faceless assessment system, an official source said. Since its launch on October 7, 2019 and implementatio




Since its launch on October 7, 2019 and implementation of first phase, faceless scrutiny assessment scheme has provided for assessment of income tax in electronic mode, where taxpayers need not see face-to-face any tax officer or visit an I-T office and can e-file reply on the income tax portal.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
has provided for assessment of income tax in electronic mode The Income Tax department has disposed of 7,116 cases under the first phase of faceless assessment system, an official source said. <span>Since its launch on October 7, 2019 and implementation of first phase, faceless scrutiny assessment scheme has provided for assessment of income tax in electronic mode, where taxpayers need not see face-to-face any tax officer or visit an I-T office and can e-file reply on the income tax portal. The source said in the first phase of faceless assessment, a total of 58,319 cases were assigned in an automated way randomly and these were kept away from the geographical jurisdiction




Separately, a Finance Ministry official said that now almost 99 per cent returns are e-filed. Out of more than 6 crore returns filed annually, only about 3 lakh returns come under scrutiny on the basis of select risk parameters.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
Now, all the communications with taxpayers is made electronically by a central cell in Delhi and identity of all assessing officers remains unknown to taxpayers at all times, the source added. <span>Separately, a Finance Ministry official said that now almost 99 per cent returns are e-filed. Out of more than 6 crore returns filed annually, only about 3 lakh returns come under scrutiny on the basis of select risk parameters. “Cases are centrally selected for scrutiny using computer aided selection for scrutiny. Some scrutiny cases are also selected manually on the basis of specified criteria. Old assessment




“Cases are centrally selected for scrutiny using computer aided selection for scrutiny. Some scrutiny cases are also selected manually on the basis of specified criteria. Old assessments can also be re-opened if the assessing officer has sufficient reason to believe that some income has escaped assessment, the official said.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
cial said that now almost 99 per cent returns are e-filed. Out of more than 6 crore returns filed annually, only about 3 lakh returns come under scrutiny on the basis of select risk parameters. <span>“Cases are centrally selected for scrutiny using computer aided selection for scrutiny. Some scrutiny cases are also selected manually on the basis of specified criteria. Old assessments can also be re-opened if the assessing officer has sufficient reason to believe that some income has escaped assessment, the official said. The source cited above said that earlier during assessment proceedings in scrutiny cases, taxpayers or tax professional/s were required to make multiple visits to the income tax office.




The government has already notified revised Form 26AS which would have additional details on taxpayers’ high-value financial transactions, like cash deposit/withdrawal, property purchases, undertaken during a financial year and would facilitate voluntary compliance and ease of e-filing of I-T returns.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
,” the source said. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman had announced the faceless assessment scheme in her Budget speech on July 5, 2019, which was subsequently inaugurated on October 7, 2019. <span>The government has already notified revised Form 26AS which would have additional details on taxpayers’ high-value financial transactions, like cash deposit/withdrawal, property purchases, undertaken during a financial year and would facilitate voluntary compliance and ease of e-filing of I-T returns. This will also help in verifying all available information in faceless manner and help in seamless implementation of first phase of faceless assessment, the source added. A letter from




It said a combination of aggressive policy easing, and the liquidity measures caused yields on G-Secs to drop to their lowest level in more than a decade. However, long-term rates have not fallen commensurately with short-term rates, steepening the G-Sec yield curve.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
lient and stable owing to targeted interventions by the RBI comprising Long Term Repo Operations (LTROs), outright Open Market Operations (OMO) purchases and Operation Twists, the article said. <span>It said a combination of aggressive policy easing, and the liquidity measures caused yields on G-Secs to drop to their lowest level in more than a decade. However, long-term rates have not fallen commensurately with short-term rates, steepening the G-Sec yield curve. Access to finance Targeted liquidity provision through LTROs and Targeted Long Term Repo Operations (TLTROs) brought down financing costs in the corporate bond market to decadal lows, e




Despite the increase in government borrowings and the significant loss of revenue due to the lockdown, the government securities (G-secs) market remained resilient and stable owing to targeted interventions by the RBI comprising Long Term Repo Operations (LTROs), outright Open Market Operations (OMO) purchases and Operation Twists, the article said.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
tem ensured short-term rates remained anchored and soft, relative to the policy repo rate, aiding monetary policy transmission with positive spillovers to other segments of the market spectrum. <span>Despite the increase in government borrowings and the significant loss of revenue due to the lockdown, the government securities (G-secs) market remained resilient and stable owing to targeted interventions by the RBI comprising Long Term Repo Operations (LTROs), outright Open Market Operations (OMO) purchases and Operation Twists, the article said. It said a combination of aggressive policy easing, and the liquidity measures caused yields on G-Secs to drop to their lowest level in more than a decade. However, long-term rates have




‘G-Sec yields fell to lowest in a decade’
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
IST Updated: July 13, 2020 22:24 IST Special Correspondent MUMBAI, July 13, 2020 22:24 IST Updated: July 13, 2020 22:24 IST ‘G-Sec yields fell to lowest in a decade’ Share Article 0 PRINT A A A <span>‘G-Sec yields fell to lowest in a decade’ The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said it had deployed several conventional and unconventional tools to restore orderly conditions in financial markets and maintain normal functioning of




Technology giant Google will invest $10 billion (₹75,000 crore) in India over the next five-seven years with a focus on digitising the economy and building India-first products and services
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
i Share Article PRINT A A A Google CEO Sundar Pichai. File | Photo Credit: AP This is a reflection of our confidence in the future of the country and its digital economy, says CEO Sundar Pichai <span>Technology giant Google will invest $10 billion (₹75,000 crore) in India over the next five-seven years with a focus on digitising the economy and building India-first products and services, its CEO Sundar Pichai said on Monday. Speaking at the company’s annual event, Mr. Pichai, also the CEO of Alphabet (Google’s parent firm) said, “We’ll do this through a mix of equity i




He said the investment will focus on four areas important to digitization including enabling affordable access and information for every Indian in their own language, building products and services that are deeply relevant to India’s unique needs, empowering businesses in their digital transformation journey and leveraging technology and AI for social good, in areas like health, education, and agriculture.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
investments, partnerships and operational, infrastructure and ecosystem investments. This is a reflection of our confidence in the future of India and its digital economy.” Focus on four areas <span>He said the investment will focus on four areas important to digitization including enabling affordable access and information for every Indian in their own language, building products and services that are deeply relevant to India’s unique needs, empowering businesses in their digital transformation journey and leveraging technology and AI for social good, in areas like health, education, and agriculture. With today’s announcement, Google becomes the latest U.S.-based technology firm to commit investments in India. In April, social networking major Facebook bought 9.9% stake in Jio Platf




In April, social networking major Facebook bought 9.9% stake in Jio Platform for ₹43,573.62 crore, while e-commerce giant Amazon had in January announced $1 billion investment over five years to help digitise small and medium businesses.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Unknown title
hnology and AI for social good, in areas like health, education, and agriculture. With today’s announcement, Google becomes the latest U.S.-based technology firm to commit investments in India. <span>In April, social networking major Facebook bought 9.9% stake in Jio Platform for ₹43,573.62 crore, while e-commerce giant Amazon had in January announced $1 billion investment over five years to help digitise small and medium businesses. In India, Google has invested in multiple startups — either directly or via Alphabet’s growth fund CapitalG. Some of these start ups are Dunzo, Fynd, Halli Labs, Where in My Train, Aye




Flashcard 6077049081100

Question
结婚公 id:: B
Answer
[default - edit me]

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

pdf

cannot see any pdfs







68° 7′ east to 97° 25′ east longitude
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
istan Boundary The India-Bangladesh Border India-Myanmar Boundary India-Sri Lanka Boundary India As A Geographical Unit East-West Extent of Main Land India (Including Pak occupied Kashmir-POK): <span>68° 7′ east to 97° 25′ east longitude South-North Extent of Main Land India: 8° 4′ north to 37° 6′ north latitude Locational Extent: 8° 4′ N to 37° 6′ N latitude and 68° 7′ E to 97° 25′ East longitude. The southernmost poin




8° 4′ north to 37° 6′ north latitude
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
anka Boundary India As A Geographical Unit East-West Extent of Main Land India (Including Pak occupied Kashmir-POK): 68° 7′ east to 97° 25′ east longitude South-North Extent of Main Land India: <span>8° 4′ north to 37° 6′ north latitude Locational Extent: 8° 4′ N to 37° 6′ N latitude and 68° 7′ E to 97° 25′ East longitude. The southernmost point of the country is the Pygmalion Point or Indira Point is located at 6° 45′




8° 4′ N to 37° 6′ N latitude and 68° 7′ E to 97° 25′ East longitude.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
ent of Main Land India (Including Pak occupied Kashmir-POK): 68° 7′ east to 97° 25′ east longitude South-North Extent of Main Land India: 8° 4′ north to 37° 6′ north latitude Locational Extent: <span>8° 4′ N to 37° 6′ N latitude and 68° 7′ E to 97° 25′ East longitude. The southernmost point of the country is the Pygmalion Point or Indira Point is located at 6° 45′ N latitude. North-south extent from Indira Col in Kashmir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km.




outhernmost point of the country is the Pygmalion Point or Indira Point is located at 6° 45′ N latitude.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
o 97° 25′ east longitude South-North Extent of Main Land India: 8° 4′ north to 37° 6′ north latitude Locational Extent: 8° 4′ N to 37° 6′ N latitude and 68° 7′ E to 97° 25′ East longitude. The s<span>outhernmost point of the country is the Pygmalion Point or Indira Point is located at 6° 45′ N latitude. North-south extent from Indira Col in Kashmir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km. East-west width from the Rann of Kachachh to Arunachal Pradesh is 2,933 km. With an area of 32,87,263 sq km,




Flashcard 6077397470476

Question
North-south extent from Indira Col in Kashmir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km.
Answer
[default - edit me]

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill
India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
tional Extent: 8° 4′ N to 37° 6′ N latitude and 68° 7′ E to 97° 25′ East longitude. The southernmost point of the country is the Pygmalion Point or Indira Point is located at 6° 45′ N latitude. <span>North-south extent from Indira Col in Kashmir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km. East-west width from the Rann of Kachachh to Arunachal Pradesh is 2,933 km. With an area of 32,87,263 sq km, India is the seventh largest country of the world. India accounts for about







Rann of Kachachh to Arunachal Pradesh is 2,933 km.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
point of the country is the Pygmalion Point or Indira Point is located at 6° 45′ N latitude. North-south extent from Indira Col in Kashmir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km. East-west width from the <span>Rann of Kachachh to Arunachal Pradesh is 2,933 km. With an area of 32,87,263 sq km, India is the seventh largest country of the world. India accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total surface area of the world. The Tropic of Cancer pa




India is the seventh largest country of the world.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
atitude. North-south extent from Indira Col in Kashmir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km. East-west width from the Rann of Kachachh to Arunachal Pradesh is 2,933 km. With an area of 32,87,263 sq km, <span>India is the seventh largest country of the world. India accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total surface area of the world. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country dividing it into two latitudinal halves. The




India accounts for about 2.4 per cent
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
mir to Kanniyakumari is 3,214 km. East-west width from the Rann of Kachachh to Arunachal Pradesh is 2,933 km. With an area of 32,87,263 sq km, India is the seventh largest country of the world. <span>India accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total surface area of the world. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country dividing it into two latitudinal halves. The area to the north of Tropic of Cancer




Flashcard 6077403237644

Question
The area to the north of Tropic of Cancer is nearly twice the area which lies to the south of it.
Answer
[default - edit me]

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill
India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
f the world. India accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total surface area of the world. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country dividing it into two latitudinal halves. <span>The area to the north of Tropic of Cancer is nearly twice the area which lies to the south of it. South of 22° north latitude, the country tapers off over 800 km into the Indian Ocean as a peninsula. East-West time difference is nearly 2 hrs. The earth moves [rotation and revolution







India, Tropical or Temperate Country?
  • The temperate part (north of Tropic of Cancer) is twice the area of tropical part.
  • But India has always been treated as a tropical country for two different reasons – physical and cultural.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
ference of 1° longitude will make a difference of 4 minutes in time. Therefore the difference of local time between western-most point and eastern-most point is 30 x 4 = 120 minutes or 2 hours. <span>India, Tropical or Temperate Country? The temperate part (north of Tropic of Cancer) is twice the area of tropical part. But India has always been treated as a tropical country for two different reasons – physical and cultural. Physical Geographical Reasons The country is separated from the rest of Asia by Himalayas. Its climate is dominated by the tropical monsoons and the temperate air masses are blocked by




  • The Indo-Pakistan boundary is the result of partition of the country in 1947 under the Radcliffe award of which Sir Cyril Radcliffe was the chairman.
  • statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
    direction almost along the foothill of the Shiwalik Range. The India-Bhutan Boundary Quite peaceful border and there is no boundary dispute between the two countries. The Indo-Pakistan Boundary <span>The Indo-Pakistan boundary is the result of partition of the country in 1947 under the Radcliffe award of which Sir Cyril Radcliffe was the chairman. Jammu and Kashmir, Sir Creek are the major disputed regions. The India-Bangladesh Border India’s 4,096 km long border with Bangladesh is the longest. This boundary has been determined u




    #has-images
    • Jammu and Kashmir, Sir Creek are the major disputed regions.

    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
    e two countries. The Indo-Pakistan Boundary The Indo-Pakistan boundary is the result of partition of the country in 1947 under the Radcliffe award of which Sir Cyril Radcliffe was the chairman. <span>Jammu and Kashmir, Sir Creek are the major disputed regions. The India-Bangladesh Border India’s 4,096 km long border with Bangladesh is the longest. This boundary has been determined under the Radcliffe Award which divided the erstwhile province




    This boundary runs roughly along the watershed between the Brahmaputra and Ayeyarwady [Irrawaddy].
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    India: Geographical Extent &amp; Frontiers | PMF IAS
    km long border with Bangladesh is the longest. This boundary has been determined under the Radcliffe Award which divided the erstwhile province of Bengal into two parts. India-Myanmar Boundary <span>This boundary runs roughly along the watershed between the Brahmaputra and Ayeyarwady [Irrawaddy]. It passes through thickly forested regions, with Mizo Hills, Manipur and Nagaland on the Indian side and Chin Hills, Naga Hills and Kachin state on the Myanmar side. India-Sri Lanka Bou




    The Trans Himalayas
    • The Himalayan ranges immediately north of the Great Himalayan range.
    • Also called the Tibetan Himalaya because most of it lies in Tibet.
    • The Zaskar, the Ladakh, the Kailas and the Karakoram are the main ranges.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    rn Tibet] Uttarakhand Thaga La Niti Pass Lipu Lekh Sikkim Nathu La Jelep La [important trade route connecting Kalimpong (near Darjeeling) with Lhasa in Tibet, passes through Jelep La (4,386 m)] <span>The Trans Himalayas The Himalayan ranges immediately north of the Great Himalayan range. Also called the Tibetan Himalaya because most of it lies in Tibet. The Zaskar, the Ladakh, the Kailas and the Karakoram are the main ranges. It stretches for a distance of about 1,000 km in east-west direction. Average elevation is 3000 m above mean sea level. The average width of this region is 40 km at the extremities and




  • The Nanga Parbat (8126 m) is an important range which is in The Zaskar Range.
  • statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    ce of about 1,000 km in east-west direction. Average elevation is 3000 m above mean sea level. The average width of this region is 40 km at the extremities and about 225 km in the central part. <span>The Nanga Parbat (8126 m) is an important range which is in The Zaskar Range. North of the Zaskar Range and running parallel to it is the Ladakh Range. Only a few peaks of this range attain heights of over 6000 metres. The Kailas Range (Gangdise in Chinese) in we




    K2 (8,611 m)[Godwin Austen or Qogir] is the second highest peak in the world and the highest peak in the Indian Union.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    lofty peaks [elevation 5,500 m and above]. It is the abode of some of the greatest glaciers of the world outside the polar regions. Some of the peaks are more than 8,000 metre above sea level. <span>K2 (8,611 m)[Godwin Austen or Qogir] is the second highest peak in the world and the highest peak in the Indian Union. The Ladakh Plateau lies to the north-east of the Karakoram Range. It has been dissected into a number of plains and mountains [Soda Plains, Aksai Chin, Lingzi Tang, Depsang Plains and C




  • The northern most range of the Trans-Himalayan Ranges in India is the Great Karakoram Range also known as the Krishnagiri range.
  • statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    Range (Gangdise in Chinese) in western Tibet is an offshoot of the Ladakh Range. The highest peak is Mount Kailas (6714 m). River Indus originates from the northern slopes of the Kailas range. <span>The northern most range of the Trans-Himalayan Ranges in India is the Great Karakoram Range also known as the Krishnagiri range. Karakoram Range extends eastwards from the Pamir for about 800 km. It is a range with lofty peaks [elevation 5,500 m and above]. It is the abode of some of the greatest glaciers of the




    The Ladakh Plateau lies to the north-east of the Karakoram Range
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    olar regions. Some of the peaks are more than 8,000 metre above sea level. K2 (8,611 m)[Godwin Austen or Qogir] is the second highest peak in the world and the highest peak in the Indian Union. <span>The Ladakh Plateau lies to the north-east of the Karakoram Range. It has been dissected into a number of plains and mountains [Soda Plains, Aksai Chin, Lingzi Tang, Depsang Plains and Chang Chenmo] Purvanchal or Eastern Hills Eastern Hills or The Pur




    Jammu and Kashmir
    1. Burzil Pass
    2. Zoji La [La means pass]
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    vey of India. Passes in the Greater Himalayas The passes because they are generally higher than 4,570 m above sea level and are snowbound for most of the year. State Passes of Greater Himalayas <span>Jammu and Kashmir Burzil Pass Zoji La [La means pass] Himachal Pradesh Bara Lacha La Shipki La [The Hindustan-Tibet Road connecting Shimla with Gartok in Western Tibet] Uttarakhand Thaga La Niti Pass Lipu Lekh Sikkim Nathu La Jelep La [imp




    Sikkim
    1. Nathu La
    2. Jelep La [important trade route connecting Kalimpong (near Darjeeling) with Lhasa in Tibet, passes through Jelep La (4,386 m)]
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    r Burzil Pass Zoji La [La means pass] Himachal Pradesh Bara Lacha La Shipki La [The Hindustan-Tibet Road connecting Shimla with Gartok in Western Tibet] Uttarakhand Thaga La Niti Pass Lipu Lekh <span>Sikkim Nathu La Jelep La [important trade route connecting Kalimpong (near Darjeeling) with Lhasa in Tibet, passes through Jelep La (4,386 m)] The Trans Himalayas The Himalayan ranges immediately north of the Great Himalayan range. Also called the Tibetan Himalaya because most of it lies in Tibet. The Zaskar, the Ladakh, the K




  • It is mainly formed of the central crystallines (granites and gneisses) overlain by metamorphosed sediments [limestone]. {Rock System}
  • statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    lel to the slope (along the dip). The Great Himalaya Also known as Inner Himalaya, Central Himalaya or Himadri. Average elevation of 6,100 m above sea level and an average width of about 25 km. <span>It is mainly formed of the central crystallines (granites and gneisses) overlain by metamorphosed sediments [limestone]. {Rock System} The folds in this range are asymmetrical with steep south slope and gentle north slope giving ‘hog back (a long, steep hill or mountain ridge)’ topography. This mountain arc convexes to




    The Pir Panjal Range Jammu and Kashmir (They are to the south of Kashmir Valley)
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    ly to human contact. Majority of the Himalayan hill resorts like Shimla, Mussoorie, Ranikhet, Nainital, Almora and Darjeeling, etc. are located here. Important ranges of Lesser Himalayas Region <span>The Pir Panjal Range Jammu and Kashmir (They are to the south of Kashmir Valley) The Dhaola Dhar Range Himachal Pradesh The Mussoorie Range and The Nag Tiba Range Uttarakhand Mahabharat Lekh Nepal The Pir Panjal range The Pir Panjal range in Kashmir is the longest a




    The western syntaxial bend occurs near the Nanga Parbat where the Indus river has cut a deep gorge
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas &amp; Purvanchal | PMF IAS
    tion from the Indus gorge in the west to the Brahmaputra gorge in the east. Himalayan ranges take sharp southward bends at these gorges. These bends are called syntaxial bends of the Himalayas. <span>The western syntaxial bend occurs near the Nanga Parbat where the Indus river has cut a deep gorge. The eastern syntaxial bend occurs near the Namche Barwa. Primary References: NCERT Geography, Indian Geography by Kullar [Amazon and Flipkart] Share WhatsApp Email Tweet 53 Shares Shar




    The deep gorges of the Indus, the Satluj, the Brahmaputra etc.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas &amp; Satluj | PMF IAS
    imalayas i.e. before the collision of Indian Plate with the Eurasian plate. {Antecedent Drainage} They were flowing into the Tethys Sea. These rivers had their source in the now Tibetan region. <span>The deep gorges of the Indus, the Satluj, the Brahmaputra etc. clearly indicate that these rivers are older than the Himalayas. They continued to flow throughout the building phase of the Himalayas; their banks rising steeply while the beds went lo




    Indus Glaciers of Kailas Range (Close to Manasarovar Lake
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas &amp; Satluj | PMF IAS
    s. Thus, many of the Himalayan Rivers are typical examples of antecedent drainage. Indus River System Sindhu Sanskrit Sinthos Greek Sindus Latin Major Rivers of Indus River System Source Length <span>Indus Glaciers of Kailas Range (Close to Manasarovar Lake) 2880 km total. 710 km in India Jhelum Verinag 720 km Chenab Bara Lacha Pass 1180 km Ravi Near Rohtang Pass 725 km Beas Near Rohtang Pass 460 km Satluj Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes List of i




    Jhelum Verinag
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas &amp; Satluj | PMF IAS
    iver System Sindhu Sanskrit Sinthos Greek Sindus Latin Major Rivers of Indus River System Source Length Indus Glaciers of Kailas Range (Close to Manasarovar Lake) 2880 km total. 710 km in India <span>Jhelum Verinag 720 km Chenab Bara Lacha Pass 1180 km Ravi Near Rohtang Pass 725 km Beas Near Rohtang Pass 460 km Satluj Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes List of important passes given in previous posts 1450 km




    Chenab Bara Lacha Pass
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas &amp; Satluj | PMF IAS
    skrit Sinthos Greek Sindus Latin Major Rivers of Indus River System Source Length Indus Glaciers of Kailas Range (Close to Manasarovar Lake) 2880 km total. 710 km in India Jhelum Verinag 720 km <span>Chenab Bara Lacha Pass 1180 km Ravi Near Rohtang Pass 725 km Beas Near Rohtang Pass 460 km Satluj Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes List of important passes given in previous posts 1450 km total 1050 km in India Indus




    Satluj Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas &amp; Satluj | PMF IAS
    ciers of Kailas Range (Close to Manasarovar Lake) 2880 km total. 710 km in India Jhelum Verinag 720 km Chenab Bara Lacha Pass 1180 km Ravi Near Rohtang Pass 725 km Beas Near Rohtang Pass 460 km <span>Satluj Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes List of important passes given in previous posts 1450 km total 1050 km in India Indus River India got her name from Indus. ‘The Indus Valley Civilization’ was born around this river. It




    The Indian Scops Owl lives in dense foliage and is better heard than seen

    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Unknown title
    54 IST Updated: May 02, 2020 17:59 IST The Indian Scops Owl lives in dense foliage and is better heard than seen Share Article 0 PRINT A A A The Indian Scops Owl | Photo Credit: Abhishek Sharma <span>The Indian Scops Owl lives in dense foliage and is better heard than seen For most birders, the question, ‘Which is your favourite bird?’ can often induce a sense of dread that makes them sweat profusely. For me, it doesn’t. I know what my favourite bird is:




    The Indian Scops Owl is quite a common species (not as common as the Spotted Owlet though), in urban developments but has learnt to camouflage and hide from civilization for its safety.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Unknown title
    next morning and managed to find all five on a majestic Saptaparni tree. With butterflies in my stomach and a heartbeat that refused to slow down, I knew then that this was a special encounter. <span>The Indian Scops Owl is quite a common species (not as common as the Spotted Owlet though), in urban developments but has learnt to camouflage and hide from civilization for its safety. More than being seen, they are heard with a feeble whuk of a frog-like call. Most birdwatchers tend to hear them first and see them later but it was the other way around for me. I did n




    In this small species (23-25 cm), individuals can be very variable in colour from pale grey-brown to warm rufous brown with finely streaked underparts, a thin black line around the facial disc, and dark brownish-orange eyes. Its scientific name, Otus bakkamoena, has been derived from the Latin word otus, meaning small-eared and bakkamoena from the Sinhala name Bakamuna
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Unknown title
    nt across forests and well-wooded areas of the Indian Subcontinent south of the Himalayas. In Delhi, you’ll see them in Vasant Kunj, Hauz Khas, the Ridge and other such biodiversity-rich areas. <span>In this small species (23-25 cm), individuals can be very variable in colour from pale grey-brown to warm rufous brown with finely streaked underparts, a thin black line around the facial disc, and dark brownish-orange eyes. Its scientific name, Otus bakkamoena, has been derived from the Latin word otus, meaning small-eared and bakkamoena from the Sinhala name Bakamuna for various owls. Unlike the two other common species found in the city, Spotted Owlet and Barn Owl, this bird has two tufts of feathers on the top of its head, very much like cat-ears.




    The Indian Scops Owl is mostly nocturnal, usually sleeping during day and becoming active in the late hours of the evening, when it sits on trees near lampposts and hunts down small rodents and insects. A keen eyesight and incredible sense of hearing makes owls formidable hunters.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Unknown title
    l, this bird has two tufts of feathers on the top of its head, very much like cat-ears. They are in fact called ear-tufts but it’s baffling that these have nothing to do with owl’s actual ears. <span>The Indian Scops Owl is mostly nocturnal, usually sleeping during day and becoming active in the late hours of the evening, when it sits on trees near lampposts and hunts down small rodents and insects. A keen eyesight and incredible sense of hearing makes owls formidable hunters. Their sensitive, directional hearing often leads them to their prey even though the latter may be concealed. The family of Indian Scops Owl that I came across at my friend’s was my firs




    This species is often considered a subspecies of the Eurasian eagle-owl Bubo bubo and is very similar in appearance.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indian eagle-owl - Wikipedia
    rnal links Taxonomy[edit] Otus bengalensis was the scientific name used by James Franklin in 1831 for an eagle-owl collected in northern India.[2] Description[edit] Indian eagle-owl in a museum <span>This species is often considered a subspecies of the Eurasian eagle-owl Bubo bubo and is very similar in appearance. The facial disk is unmarked and has a black border, a feature that is much weaker in the Eurasian form. The base of the primaries is unbanded and rufous. The tail bands have the tawn ba




    They are seen in scrub and light to medium forests but are especially seen near rocky places within the mainland of the Indian Subcontinent south of the Himalayas and below 1,500 metres (5,000 ft) elevation.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    Indian eagle-owl - Wikipedia
    like in adults but the underside is downy. The full adult plumage is assumed much later.[10] Distribution[edit] The underwing shows a dark carpal patch. The base of the primaries are unbarred. <span>They are seen in scrub and light to medium forests but are especially seen near rocky places within the mainland of the Indian Subcontinent south of the Himalayas and below 1,500 metres (5,000 ft) elevation. Humid evergreen forest and extremely arid areas are avoided. Bush covered rocky hillocks and ravines, and steep banks of rivers and streams are favourite haunts. It spends the day under




    Mastering the cognitive knowledge within a field such as obstetrics and gyne- cology is a formidable task.
    statusnot read reprioritisations
    last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
    started reading on finished reading on

    pdf

    cannot see any pdfs




    Flashcard 6079929519372

    Question
    al diagnosis, and finally to make a rational treatment plan. To gain these skills, the student often learns best at the bedside, guided and instructed by experienced teachers,
    Answer
    [default - edit me]

    statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
    repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
    scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

    pdf

    cannot see any pdfs