Edited, memorised or added to reading list

on 08-Sep-2022 (Thu)

Do you want BuboFlash to help you learning these things? Click here to log in or create user.

How to Stop Forgetting What You Read

Recognition vs. Recall

Recognition is an important memory ability. It’s what happens when you see a bird and know it’s a seagull....

Recall, on the other hand, is somewhat different. It’s the ability to pull up the answer to a question, without looking at it. If I ask you the capital of France, and you know the answer, Paris, it’s because you recalled it from memory.

Recall, unsurprisingly, is almost always harder than recognition. Asking you what is the capital of France, and you replying correctly, “Paris,” is much harder than me asking you “Is Paris the capital of France?” and you replying, “Yes.”

Also, perhaps unsurprisingly, recallable memory is usually what we want when we read books. ...

The problem is that if you want recallable memory, practicing recognition doesn’t help very much.

Unfortunately practicing recognition is virtually the only thing most people do when they read a book.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

How to Stop Forgetting What You Read - Scott H Young
rners struggle so much with studying—they unwittingly confuse the two processes and fail to remember what they need to both in exams and in life. Those two processes are recognition and recall. <span>Recognition vs. Recall Recognition is an important memory ability. It’s what happens when you see a bird and know it’s a seagull. It’s what happens when someone says your name and you know they’re talking to you. It’s also what happens when you’re reading. To read this text you must individually recognize each of the words I’ve written. Recall, on the other hand, is somewhat different. It’s the ability to pull up the answer to a question, without looking at it. If I ask you the capital of France, and you know the answer, Paris, it’s because you recalled it from memory. Recall, unsurprisingly, is almost always harder than recognition. Asking you what is the capital of France, and you replying correctly, “Paris,” is much harder than me asking you “Is Paris the capital of France?” and you replying, “Yes.” Also, perhaps unsurprisingly, recallable memory is usually what we want when we read books. Although some information is probably best knowing we can look it up when we need it, I generally read books because I want that knowledge to be useful in some way. I want to be able to recall the important ideas in situations where they are relevant: a conversation, a life decision, a work project. If I can’t recall them, they’re not that useful for me. So what does this have to do with forgetting what you’ve read? The problem is that if you want recallable memory, practicing recognition doesn’t help very much. Unfortunately practicing recognition is virtually the only thing most people do when they read a book. When you’re reading a book, most of your time is spent recognizing what is being said. Only rarely do you have to specifically recall an idea, unprompted. If you’re reading a well-writt




How to Stop Forgetting What You Read

The Question Book Method

Whenever you’re reading something that you want to remember, take notes. Except, don’t take notes which summarize the main points you want to recall. Instead, take notes which ask questions.

If you wanted to do it with this email, you could write down the question, “Q: What are the two different memory processes?” and the answer would be “A: Recall and recognition.”

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

How to Stop Forgetting What You Read - Scott H Young
it’s no wonder most people fail to recall much from books they’ve read. How can you fix this and retain more of what you read? The solution is simple: it’s what I call the Question Book Method. <span>The Question Book Method Whenever you’re reading something that you want to remember, take notes. Except, don’t take notes which summarize the main points you want to recall. Instead, take notes which ask questions. If you wanted to do it with this email, you could write down the question, “Q: What are the two different memory processes?” and the answer would be “A: Recall and recognition.” Then, when you’re reading a book, quickly go through and test yourself on the questions you’ve generated from earlier chapters. Doing this will strengthen your recallable memory so that




Take these numbers, for example:

21 36 90

They’re not that difficult to memorize, but someone using a PAO system would imagine something like Jack Nicholson throwing burning matches at a bus.

  • Person = Jack Nicholson
  • Action = Throwing matches
  • Object = Bus
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

PAO System: How to Use This Powerful Technique
ited? Let’s get started! What Is The PAO System? PAO memory systems go back a very long time. It is a simple way to break linking down into individual units that can interact in memorable ways. <span>Take these numbers, for example: 21 36 90 They’re not that difficult to memorize, but someone using a PAO system would imagine something like Jack Nicholson throwing burning matches at a bus. Person = Jack Nicholson Action = Throwing matches Object = Bus People derive the exact images they use in different ways, and we’ll talk about them in a moment. <img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-25714" src="https://e5hougg55fx.exactdn.c




Briefly, 21 is Jack Nicholson for me because in the Major:

  • 2 = N
  • 1 = D or T

From these rules, I assigned the word “nut.” Since Jack Nicholson often plays characters who are completely insane (or “nuts”) he strikes me as perfect for that number.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

PAO System: How to Use This Powerful Technique
55fx.exactdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/matches.jpg?strip=all&amp;lossy=1&amp;quality=60&amp;w=600&amp;ssl=1 600w" sizes="(max-width: 750px) 100vw, 750px" data-eio="l" /> <span>Briefly, 21 is Jack Nicholson for me because in the Major: 2 = N 1 = D or T From these rules, I assigned the word “nut.” Since Jack Nicholson often plays characters who are completely insane (or “nuts”) he strikes me as perfect for that number. But you might be wondering… How the heck did people come up with such an interesting way to approach memory? A Brief History of Person Action Object Systems The notion of combining or l




36 used to be a box of matches for me, based on the Major System.

It’s still “match,” but now it’s Mike Tyson in a boxing match. Tyson is the person, boxing is the action and his gloves are the object.

In this way, when I want to memorize a number like 8436, I just have to imagine the blowtorch character from Missing in Action 2 setting Mike Tyson on fire.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

PAO System: How to Use This Powerful Technique
ie who uses a blowtorch. Fire because a person who uses an object to burn things. To repeat: The person is the object that takes an action. This made everything so much faster! Another example: <span>36 used to be a box of matches for me, based on the Major System. It’s still “match,” but now it’s Mike Tyson in a boxing match. Tyson is the person, boxing is the action and his gloves are the object. In this way, when I want to memorize a number like 8436, I just have to imagine the blowtorch character from Missing in Action 2 setting Mike Tyson on fire. This works the same way when memorizing playing cards that have been assigned numbers or memorizing Chinese tones or verse numbers in scripture. And the best part? If you take a moment




Explore The PAO System For Language Learning

When I’ve struggled to come up with associations when learning a language, I always stop. I ask myself what the numbers would be for the word I’m struggling with.

For example, there’s a word in German: faseln. It means to “spout off.”

When I looked at the F and S, I thought of 80. That is an image of… you guessed it:

William Shatner as James T. Kirk with his phaser set to stun. “Eln” would be 52, which is a lion in my PAO system.

But not just any lion. It’s the MGM lion so that the image is vibrant and familiar, not generic.

And imagining Captain Kirk using a phaser on the MGM lion because the lion was “spouting off” a bunch of drivel made it fast, fun and easy to memorize the sound and meaning of that word.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

PAO System: How to Use This Powerful Technique
tar Trek episode or movie, and even several of them, depending on what you’re memorizing. Again, a rigid PAO approach strikes me as unlimited. I like it to be flexible and give me more options. <span>Explore The PAO System For Language Learning When I’ve struggled to come up with associations when learning a language, I always stop. I ask myself what the numbers would be for the word I’m struggling with. For example, there’s a word in German: faseln. It means to “spout off.” When I looked at the F and S, I thought of 80. That is an image of… you guessed it: William Shatner as James T. Kirk with his phaser set to stun. “Eln” would be 52, which is a lion in my PAO system. <img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-25724" class="wp-image-25724 size-full" src="https://e5hougg55fx.exactdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/lion.jpg?strip=all&lossy=1&q




PAO system [ edit ]

Further information: Person-Action-Object

The Person-Action-Object (PAO) system is the most complex.[3] It associates all numbers 00-99 with a distinctive person, action and object. Any six-digit number can be memorized by using the person assigned the first two digits, the action of the next two digits and the object of the third.[3] For example:

  • The number 34 could be a person named Frank Sinatra.
  • 13 could be the action of kicking.
  • 79 could be a cape.

This would make the number 341379, Frank Sinatra kicking a cape.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on

Mnemonic peg system - Wikipedia
33 "MM" which could be made into the word "mom" to better aid in memorization or 92 is "PN" and could become "pen."[3] "Cat" (or "cut") would correspond to 71, as vowels do not have any value. <span>PAO system[edit] Further information: Person-Action-Object The Person-Action-Object (PAO) system is the most complex.[3] It associates all numbers 00-99 with a distinctive person, action and object. Any six-digit number can be memorized by using the person assigned the first two digits, the action of the next two digits and the object of the third.[3] For example: The number 34 could be a person named Frank Sinatra. 13 could be the action of kicking. 79 could be a cape. This would make the number 341379, Frank Sinatra kicking a cape.[3] Memory grand master, Ed Cooke, reportedly has been working on the Millennium PAO system, which would create an association for all numbers 000-999.[3] Application[edit] The peg syste




Flashcard 7549498297612

Tags
#Data #GAN #reading #synthetic
Question

hierarchical GAN

Training

Machine learning training is performed using an optimised set of hyperparameters for the GAN architecture. Instead of alternating the training between Module 1 and 2, we opted to first train Module 1 (GAN1) and then Module 2 (GAN2). The loss function used was the [...] loss.

Answer
Wasserstein

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
parameters for the GAN architecture. Instead of alternating the training between Module 1 and 2, we opted to first train Module 1 (GAN1) and then Module 2 (GAN2). The loss function used was the <span>Wasserstein loss. <span>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







#abm #agent-based #machine-learning #model #priority #synergistic-integration
In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of applying ML in ABM based on four major scenarios, i.e., microagent-level situational awareness learning, microagent-level behavior intervention, macro-ABM-level emulator, and sequential decision-making. For these four scenarios, the related algorithms, frameworks, procedures of implementations, and multidisciplinary applications are thoroughly investigated
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on


Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
to an adaptive model. Even though there are plenty of studies that apply ML in ABMs, the generalized applicable scenarios, frameworks, and procedures for implementations are not well addressed. <span>In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of applying ML in ABM based on four major scenarios, i.e., microagent-level situational awareness learning, microagent-level behavior intervention, macro-ABM-level emulator, and sequential decision-making. For these four scenarios, the related algorithms, frameworks, procedures of implementations, and multidisciplinary applications are thoroughly investigated. We also discuss how ML can improve prediction in ABMs by trading off the variance and bias and how ML can improve the sequential decision-making of microagent and macrolevel policymake

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs




#RNN #ariadne #behaviour #consumer #deep-learning #priority #recurrent-neural-networks #retail #simulation #synthetic-data
In multiple aspects, RNNs offer advantages over existing methods that are relevant for real-world production systems. Applying RNNs directly to sequences of consumer actions yields the same or higher prediction accuracy than vector-based methods like logistic regression. Unlike the latter, the application of RNNs comes without the need for extensive feature engineering. In addition, we show that RNNs help us link individual actions directly to predictions in an intuitive way. This allows us to understand the implications consumer actions have on predicted probabilities over the course of the consumer’s history.
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on suggested re-reading day
started reading on finished reading on


Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
iour in e-commerce can be described by sequences of interactions with a webshop. We show that recurrent neural networks (RNNs) are a natural fit for modelling and predicting consumer behaviour. <span>In multiple aspects, RNNs offer advantages over existing methods that are relevant for real-world production systems. Applying RNNs directly to sequences of consumer actions yields the same or higher prediction accuracy than vector-based methods like logistic regression. Unlike the latter, the application of RNNs comes without the need for extensive feature engineering. In addition, we show that RNNs help us link individual actions directly to predictions in an intuitive way. This allows us to understand the implications consumer actions have on predicted probabilities over the course of the consumer’s history. We demonstrate the advantages of RNNs on the empirical data of a large European online fashion platform <span>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs




Article 7549511404812

How can I display all users and groups with a command?
#bash #linux

You can display with the help of compgen builtin command as follows: To display all users run following command: compgen -u To display all groups run following command: compgen -g However you can also display all users by cut -d ":" -f 1 /etc/passwd.



Article 7549514812684

Add a New User from the Command Line
#bash #linux #shell

To create a new user account named username using the adduser command you would run sudo adduser username If you want the newly created user to have administrative rights, add the user to the sudo group : sudo usermod -aG sudo username