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Tags

#causality #statistics

Question

**the fundamental problem of causal inference**

It is fundamental because if we cannot observe both 𝑌 _{𝑖} (1) and 𝑌_{ 𝑖 }(0) , then we cannot [...] the causal effect 𝑌_{ 𝑖 }(1) − 𝑌 _{𝑖} (0) .

Answer

observe

Tags

#causality #statistics

Question

**the fundamental problem of causal inference**

It is fundamental because if we cannot observe both 𝑌 _{𝑖} (1) and 𝑌_{ 𝑖 }(0) , then we cannot [...] the causal effect 𝑌_{ 𝑖 }(1) − 𝑌 _{𝑖} (0) .

Answer

?

Tags

#causality #statistics

Question

**the fundamental problem of causal inference**

It is fundamental because if we cannot observe both 𝑌 _{𝑖} (1) and 𝑌_{ 𝑖 }(0) , then we cannot [...] the causal effect 𝑌_{ 𝑖 }(1) − 𝑌 _{𝑖} (0) .

Answer

observe

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#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

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the fundamental problem of causal inference It is fundamental because if we cannot observe both 𝑌 𝑖 (1) and 𝑌 𝑖 (0) , then we cannot observe the causal effect 𝑌 𝑖 (1) − 𝑌 𝑖 (0) .

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

owner: crocodile - (no access) - Introduction_to_Causal_Inference-Nov19_2020-Neal.pdf, p16

the fundamental problem of causal inference It is fundamental because if we cannot observe both 𝑌 𝑖 (1) and 𝑌 𝑖 (0) , then we cannot observe the causal effect 𝑌 𝑖 (1) − 𝑌 𝑖 (0) .

status | not learned | measured difficulty | 37% [default] | last interval [days] | |||
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repetition number in this series | 0 | memorised on | scheduled repetition | ||||

scheduled repetition interval | last repetition or drill |

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