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#causality #has-images #statistics

Question
If we condition on a descendant of π that [...] a mediator, it could unblock a path from π to π that was blocked by a collider. For example, this is the case with conditioning on π in Figure 4.13. This induces non-causal association between π and π , which biases the estimate of the causal effect
isnβt

Tags
#causality #has-images #statistics

Question
If we condition on a descendant of π that [...] a mediator, it could unblock a path from π to π that was blocked by a collider. For example, this is the case with conditioning on π in Figure 4.13. This induces non-causal association between π and π , which biases the estimate of the causal effect
?

Tags
#causality #has-images #statistics

Question
If we condition on a descendant of π that [...] a mediator, it could unblock a path from π to π that was blocked by a collider. For example, this is the case with conditioning on π in Figure 4.13. This induces non-causal association between π and π , which biases the estimate of the causal effect
isnβt
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If we condition on a descendant of π that isnβt a mediator, it could unblock a path from π to π that was blocked by a collider. For example, this is the case with conditioning on π in Figure 4.13. This induces non-causal association

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owner: crocodile - (no access) - Introduction_to_Causal_Inference-Nov19_2020-Neal.pdf, p51

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