Edited, memorised or added to reading list

on 26-Feb-2017 (Sun)

Do you want BuboFlash to help you learning these things? Click here to log in or create user.

Flashcard 1425571450124

Tags
#cfa-level #economics #microeconomics #reading-13-demand-and-supply-analysis-introduction #study-session-4
Question
Reading 15 provides the basis for understanding [...]
Answer
the cost side of firms’ profit equation.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Reading 15 deals with the theory of the firm, focusing on the supply of goods and services by profit-maximizing firms. That reading provides the basis for understanding the cost side of firms’ profit equation.

Original toplevel document

Study Session 4
quantities. Reading 14 covers the theory of the consumer, which addresses the demand for goods and services by individuals who make decisions to maximize the satisfaction they receive from present and future consumption. <span>Reading 15 deals with the theory of the firm, focusing on the supply of goods and services by profit-maximizing firms. That reading provides the basis for understanding the cost side of firms’ profit equation. Reading 16 completes the picture by addressing revenue and explains the types of markets in which firms sell output. Overall, the study session provides the economic tools fo







Flashcard 1435905166604

Tags
#eximbank #export-dot-gov #octopus #usa
Question
For large infrastructure projects, a number of financing instruments are available. Project consortiums often develop a finance mix between [...], multilaterals, commercial banks, and national export credit agencies, such as the U.S. Export-Import Bank.
Answer
development banks

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
For large infrastructure projects, a number of financing instruments are available. Project consortiums often develop a finance mix between development banks, multilaterals, commercial banks, and national export credit agencies, such as the U.S. Export-Import Bank.

Original toplevel document

Mexico - Project Financing
0/4/2016 Includes how major projects are financed and gives examples where relevant. Explains activities of the multilateral development banks in and other aid-funded projects where procurement is open to U.S. bidders. <span>For large infrastructure projects, a number of financing instruments are available. Project consortiums often develop a finance mix between development banks, multilaterals, commercial banks, and national export credit agencies, such as the U.S. Export-Import Bank. U.S. Export-Import Bank (http://www.exim.gov) The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank), an independent agency of the federal government, o







Flashcard 1448304053516

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #fra-introduction #reading-22-financial-statement-analysis-intro #study-session-7
Question
Profit (or loss) includes other income such as [...] income or income from [...]
Answer
investing

the sale of items other than goods and services

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Profit (or loss) includes other income (such as investing income or income from the sale of items other than goods and services) minus the expenses incurred to earn that income.

Original toplevel document

2. SCOPE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS
of cash disbursements). Profit and cash flow are not equivalent. Profit (or loss) represents the difference between the prices at which goods or services are provided to customers and the expenses incurred to provide those goods and services. <span>In addition, profit (or loss) includes other income (such as investing income or income from the sale of items other than goods and services) minus the expenses incurred to earn that income. Overall, profit (or loss) equals income minus expenses, and its recognition is mostly independent from when cash is received or paid. Example 1 illustrates the distinction between profi







Flashcard 1450976611596

Tags
#reestructuracion-financiera
Question
Tercera fase: Estrategia de reestructuración
Después de elaborar el marco de referencia e institucional es necesario instrumentar el plan de reestructuración financiera, que consiste en seleccionar la estrategia más conveniente para la empresa; la que debe tomar en cuenta:

v [...]

v El momento idóneo.

v La forma de llevarse a cabo.

Answer
El monto a reestructurarse.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Después de elaborar el marco de referencia e institucional es necesario instrumentar el plan de reestructuración financiera, que consiste en seleccionar la estrategia más conveniente para la empresa; la que debe tomar en cuenta: v <span>El monto a reestructurarse. v El momento idóneo. v La forma de llevarse a cabo.<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480518405388

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
The mathematical formula for the normal probability density is [...]
Answer
\(p(x) = \frac{1} {σ \sqrt{2\pi}} exp( \frac{-(x - μ)^2}{ 2σ^2})\)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The mathematical formula for the normal probability density is p(x) = 1 σ √ 2π exp − 1 2 x − μ σ 2

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480529415436

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
For example, some abundant substrates are present at a concentration of 0.5 mM. Since pure water is 55.5 M, there is only about one such substrate molecule in the cell for every [...] water molecules. Nevertheless, the active site on an enzyme molecule that binds this substrate will be bombarded by about 500,000 random collisions with the substrate molecule per second. (For a substrate concentration tenfold lower, the number of collisions drops to 50,000 per second, and so on.)
Answer
105

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
For example, some abundant substrates are present at a concentration of 0.5 mM. Since pure water is 55.5 M, there is only about one such substrate molecule in the cell for every 10 5 water molecules. Nevertheless, the active site on an enzyme molecule that binds this substrate will be bombarded by about 500,000 random collisions with the substrate molecule per se

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480535706892

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
the standard free-energy change of a reaction, ∆G°. The ∆G° is [definition]. Defined in this way, ∆G° depends only on the intrinsic characters of the reacting molecules
Answer
the change in free energy under a standard condition, defined as that where the concentrations of all the reactants are set to the same fixed value of 1 mole/liter

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
the standard free-energy change of a reaction, ∆G°. The ∆G° is the change in free energy under a standard condition, defined as that where the concentrations of all the reactants are set to the same fixed value of 1 mole/liter. Defined in this way, ∆G° depends only on the intrinsic characters of the reacting molecules

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480543571212

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
[...] cumulative sum of the elements of x
Answer
cumsum(x)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
cumsum(x) cumulative sum of the elements of x, e.g., cumsum(1:4) returns [1 3 6 10]

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480557726988

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
how should we define “distance” between values? One way to define distance is as [...]:
Answer
squared difference

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
how should we define “distance” between values? One way to define distance is as squared difference: The distance between x and M is (x − M) 2 . One virtue of this definition is that the distance from x to M isthesameasthedistancefromM to x, because (x −M) 2 = (M −x)</bo

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480592329996

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
For some biosynthetic reactions, however, even [energy released by ATP hydrolysis] does not provide enough of a driving force. In these cases, the path of ATP hydrolysis can be altered so that it initially produces AMP and pyrophos- phate (PP i ), which is itself then hydrolyzed in a subsequent step (Figure 2–42). The whole process makes available a total free-energy change of about –100 kJ/ mole.
Answer
–50 kJ/mole

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
For some biosynthetic reactions, however, even –50 kJ/mole does not provide enough of a driving force. In these cases, the path of ATP hydrolysis can be altered so that it initially produces AMP and pyrophos- phate (PP i ), which is itself the

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480601767180

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
The p erformance of these simple machine learning algorithms dep ends heavily on the [...] they are giv en
Answer
represen tation of the data

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The p erformance of these simple machine learning algorithms dep ends heavily on the represen tation of the data they are giv en

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480631651596

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
The pro duct op eration is defined b y [...]
Answer
\(C_{i,j} = \sum_k {A_{i,k} B_{k,j}}\)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The pro duct op eration is defined b y C i,j = k A i,k B k,j .

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480641088780

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
An iden tit y matrix is a matrix that do es not c hange an y vector when we m ultiply that vector by that matrix. W e denote the iden tit y matrix that preserves n -dimensional v ectors as [...] .
Answer
In

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
An iden tit y matrix is a matrix that do es not c hange an y vector when we m ultiply that vector by that matrix. W e denote the iden tit y matrix that preserves n -dimensional v ectors as I n . F ormally , I n ∈ R n n × , and ∀ ∈ x R n , I n x x =

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480644234508

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
The matrix in verse of A is denoted as [...]
Answer
A-1

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The matrix in verse of A is denoted as A − 1 , and it is defined as the matrix suc h that A − 1 A I = n

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480645807372

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
The matrix in verse of A is denoted as A-1 , and it is defined as [...]
Answer
the matrix suc h that \(A ^{-1} A = I_n\)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The matrix in verse of A is denoted as A − 1 , and it is defined as the matrix suc h that A − 1 A I = n

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480663108876

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
In contrast, liver cells supply glucose to actively contracting muscle cells and [...] produced by muscle cells back into glucose.
Answer
recycle the lactic acid

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
In contrast, liver cells supply glucose to actively contracting muscle cells and recycle the lactic acid produced by muscle cells back into glucose.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480791297292

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
Note that if the argument of a function is an array, the function is [...]
Answer
applied element by element to all the values in the array, e.g., sqrt([1 2 3 4]) returns 1.0000 1.4142 1.7321 2.0000

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Note that if the argument of a function is an array, the function is applied element by element to all the values in the array, e.g., sqrt([1 2 3 4]) returns 1.0000 1.4142 1.7321 2.0000

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480792870156

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
[...] value of the exponential function ex
Answer
exp(x)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
exp(x) value of the exponential function e x

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480794443020

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
exp(x) [...]
Answer
value of the exponential function ex

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
exp(x) value of the exponential function e x

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480796015884

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
[...] number of elements of vector x
Answer
length(x)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
length(x) number of elements of vector x

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480797588748

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
length(x) [...]
Answer
number of elements of vector x

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
length(x) number of elements of vector x

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480799161612

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
[...] product of the elements of x
Answer
prod(x)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
prod(x) product of the elements of x

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480800734476

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
prod(x) [...]
Answer
product of the elements of x

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
prod(x) product of the elements of x

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480802307340

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
If you don’t want the filename as the variable name use the [...]
Answer
functional form of the command, e.g., A = load(’myData.txt’)

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
If you don’t want the filename as the variable name use the functional form of the command, e.g., A = load(’myData.txt’)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480803880204

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
What are the logical operators in matlab?
Answer
~ NOT
& AND
| OR

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
5.2 Logical operators 115 Table 5.1 Logical Operators Operator Meaning ~ NOT & AND | O

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480806239500

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
A summary of the rules for the use of a logical vector as a subscript are as follows: A logical vector v [...]. Only the elements of x corresponding to 1s in v are returned. x and v mustbethesamesize
Answer
may be a subscript of another vector x

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
A summary of the rules for the use of a logical vector as a subscript are as follows: A logical vector v may be a subscript of another vector x. Only the elements of x corresponding to 1s in v are returned. x and v mustbethesamesize

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480807812364

Tags
#matlab #programming
Question
A summary of the rules for the use of a logical vector as a subscript are as follows: A logical vector v may be a subscript of another vector x. Only the elements of x corresponding to 1s in v are returned. x and v mustbe[...]
Answer
thesamesize

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ody>A summary of the rules for the use of a logical vector as a subscript are as follows: A logical vector v may be a subscript of another vector x. Only the elements of x corresponding to 1s in v are returned. x and v mustbethesamesize<body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480812530956

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
or every [...] difference in free energy at 37°C, the equilibrium constant changes by a factor of 10
Answer
5.94 kJ/mole

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
or every 5.94 kJ/mole difference in free energy at 37°C, the equilibrium constant changes by a factor of 10

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480814103820

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
or every 5.94 kJ/mole difference in free energy at 37°C, the equilibrium constant changes by a [...]
Answer
factor of 10

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
or every 5.94 kJ/mole difference in free energy at 37°C, the equilibrium constant changes by a factor of 10

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480815676684

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
The simplest possible mecha- nism involves [...] , in which case the reaction pathway contains only two steps: 1. B–OH + ATP → B–O–PO 3 + ADP 2. A–H + B–O–PO 3 → A–B + P i Net result: B–OH + ATP + A–H → A–B + ADP + P
Answer
the transfer of a phosphate from ATP to B–OH to make B–O–PO 3

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The simplest possible mecha- nism involves the transfer of a phosphate from ATP to B–OH to make B–O–PO 3 , in which case the reaction pathway contains only two steps: 1. B–OH + ATP → B–O–PO 3 + ADP 2. A–H + B–O–PO 3 → A–B + P i Net result: B–OH + ATP + A–H → A–B + ADP + P</sp

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480817249548

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Inside the cell the ratio of [...] is kept high, whereas the ratio of [...] is kept low. This pro- vides plenty of [...] to act as an oxidizing agent and plenty of [...] to act as a reducing agent
Answer
NAD + to NADH; NADP+ to NADPH; NAD+; NADPH

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Inside the cell the ratio of NAD + to NADH is kept high, whereas the ratio of NADP + to NADPH is kept low. This pro- vides plenty of NAD + to act as an oxidizing agent and plenty of NADPH to act as a reducing agent</sp

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480818822412

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Inside the cell the ratio of NAD + to NADH is kept high, whereas the ratio of [...] is kept low. This pro- vides plenty of NAD + to act as an oxidizing agent and plenty of NADPH to act as a reducing agent
Answer
NADP + to NADPH

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Inside the cell the ratio of NAD + to NADH is kept high, whereas the ratio of NADP + to NADPH is kept low. This pro- vides plenty of NAD + to act as an oxidizing agent and plenty of NADPH to act as a reducing agent

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480829832460

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
It does, however, give a molecule of NADPH a slightly different shape from that of NADH, making it possible [...]
Answer
for NADPH and NADH to bind as substrates to completely different sets of enzymes.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
It does, however, give a molecule of NADPH a slightly different shape from that of NADH, making it possible for NADPH and NADH to bind as substrates to completely different sets of enzymes.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480831405324

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
[...] (Figure 2–38) is used to add two carbon units in the biosynthesis of larger molecules.
Answer
Acetyl CoA

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Acetyl CoA (Figure 2–38) is used to add two carbon units in the biosynthesis of larger molecules.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480832978188

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Thus, ATP transfers [...], NADPH transfers electrons and hydrogen, and acetyl CoA transfers two-carbon acetyl groups
Answer
phosphate

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Thus, ATP transfers phosphate, NADPH transfers electrons and hydrogen, and acetyl CoA transfers two-carbon acetyl groups

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480834551052

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Thus, ATP transfers phosphate, NADPH transfers [...], and acetyl CoA transfers two-carbon acetyl groups
Answer
electrons and hydrogen

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Thus, ATP transfers phosphate, NADPH transfers electrons and hydrogen, and acetyl CoA transfers two-carbon acetyl groups

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480836123916

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Thus, ATP transfers phosphate, NADPH transfers electrons and hydrogen, and acetyl CoA transfers [...]
Answer
two-carbon acetyl groups

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Thus, ATP transfers phosphate, NADPH transfers electrons and hydrogen, and acetyl CoA transfers two-carbon acetyl groups

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480837696780

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Each activated carrier has limits in its ability to drive a biosynthetic reaction. The ∆G for the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and inorganic phosphate (P i ) depends on the concentrations of all of the reactants, but under the usual conditions in a cell it is between [...] In principle, this hydrolysis reaction could drive an unfavorable reaction with a ∆G of, perhaps, +40 kJ/mole, provided that a suitable reaction path is available.
Answer
–46 and –54 kJ/mole.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
as limits in its ability to drive a biosynthetic reaction. The ∆G for the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and inorganic phosphate (P i ) depends on the concentrations of all of the reactants, but under the usual conditions in a cell it is between <span>–46 and –54 kJ/mole. In principle, this hydrolysis reaction could drive an unfavorable reaction with a ∆G of, perhaps, +40 kJ/mole, provided that a suitable reaction path is available.<span></body

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480839269644

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
Each activated carrier has limits in its ability to drive a biosynthetic reaction. The ∆G for the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and inorganic phosphate (P i ) depends on the concentrations of all of the reactants, but under the usual conditions in a cell it is between –46 and –54 kJ/mole. In principle, this hydrolysis reaction could drive an unfavorable reaction with a ∆G of, perhaps, [...] provided that a suitable reaction path is available.
Answer
+40 kJ/mole,

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ate (P i ) depends on the concentrations of all of the reactants, but under the usual conditions in a cell it is between –46 and –54 kJ/mole. In principle, this hydrolysis reaction could drive an unfavorable reaction with a ∆G of, perhaps, <span>+40 kJ/mole, provided that a suitable reaction path is available.<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480840842508

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
In tail polymerization, [...]
Answer
the reactive bond carried by each monomer is instead used immediately for its own addition

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
In tail polymerization, the reactive bond carried by each monomer is instead used immediately for its own addition

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480842415372

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by [...],
Answer
tail polymerization

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by tail polymerization, for example, whereas the synthesis of proteins occurs by a head polymerization process growing polymer, and it must therefore be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.</

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480843988236

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by tail polymerization, for example, whereas the synthesis of proteins occurs by a head polymerization process growing polymer, and it must therefore [...]
Answer
be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ad>The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by tail polymerization, for example, whereas the synthesis of proteins occurs by a head polymerization process growing polymer, and it must therefore be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.<html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480845561100

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
the synthesis of proteins occurs by a [...] process growing polymer, and it must therefore be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.
Answer
head polymerization

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by tail polymerization, for example, whereas the synthesis of proteins occurs by a head polymerization process growing polymer, and it must therefore be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480847133964

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by tail polymerization, for example, whereas the synthesis of [...] occurs by a head polymerization process growing polymer, and it must therefore be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.
Answer
proteins

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The synthesis of polynucleotides and some simple polysaccharides occurs by tail polymerization, for example, whereas the synthesis of proteins occurs by a head polymerization process growing polymer, and it must therefore be regenerated each time that a monomer is added.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480848706828

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called [...] can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.
Answer
logistic regression

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-m

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480850279692

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can [...] ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.
Answer
determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480851852556

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called [...] can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.
Answer
naiv e Ba y es

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480853425420

Tags
#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Question
A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can [...]
Answer
separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ml>A simple mac hine learning algorithm called logistic regression can determine whether to recommend cesarean delivery ( Mor-Y osef 1990 et al. , ). A simple machine learning algorithm called naiv e Ba y es can separate legitimate e-mail from spam e-mail.<html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1480854998284

Tags
#biochem #biology #cell
Question
glycolysis—from the Greek [...]
Answer
glukus, “sweet,” and lusis, “rupture.”

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
glycolysis—from the Greek glukus, “sweet,” and lusis, “rupture.”

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth
statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Bacteria - Wikipedia
([imagelink] i /bækˈtɪəriə/; common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. <span>Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. Bacteria inhabit soil, water, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, [4] and the deep portions of Earth's crust. Bacteria also live in symbiot