# on 02-Mar-2018 (Fri)

#### Flashcard 1729601342732

Question

the [...] is defined as

n-th harmonic number

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
In mathematics, the n-th harmonic number is the sum of the reciprocals of the first n natural numbers:

#### Original toplevel document

Harmonic number - Wikipedia
γ + ln ⁡ ( x ) {\displaystyle \gamma +\ln(x)} (blue line) where γ {\displaystyle \gamma } is the Euler–Mascheroni constant. <span>In mathematics, the n-th harmonic number is the sum of the reciprocals of the first n natural numbers: H n = 1 + 1 2 + 1 3 + ⋯ + 1 n = ∑ k = 1 n 1 k . {\displaystyle H_{n}=1+{\frac {1}{2}}+{\frac {1}{3}}+\cdots +{\frac {1}{n}}=\sum _{k=1}^{n}{\frac {1}{k}}.} Harmonic numbers are related to the harmonic mean in that the n-th harmonic number is also n times the reciprocal of the harmonic mean of the first n positive integers. Harmonic

#### Annotation 1760928075020

 Bioenergetics concerns only the initial and final energy states of reaction components, not the mechanism or how much time is needed for the chemical change to take place. In short, bio - energetics predicts if a process is possible, whereas kinetics measures how fast the reaction occurs.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767467519244

Tags
#politics
Question
[...] is the spread of information about the crimes committed by an enemy, especially deliberate fabrications or exaggerations.
Atrocity propaganda

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Atrocity propaganda is the spreading information about the crimes committed by an enemy, especially deliberate fabrications or exaggerations.

#### Original toplevel document

Atrocity propaganda - Wikipedia

#### Flashcard 1767482199308

Tags
#history
Question
The Hundred Years' War started in [...]
1337

The war between the tame and the meek (Christians).

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, over the succession to the French throne. </

#### Original toplevel document

Hundred Years' War - Wikipedia
Anglo-French wars 1202–04 1213–14 1215–17 1242–43 1294–1303 1337–1453 (1337–60, 1369–89, 1415–53) 1496-98 1512–14 1522–26 1542–46 1557–59 1627–29 1666–67 1689–97 1702–13 1744–48 1744–1763 1754–63 1778–83 1793–1802 1803–14 1815 <span>The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, over the succession to the French throne. Each side drew many allies into the war. It was one of the most notable conflicts of the Middle Ages, in which five generations of kings from two rival dynasties fought for the throne o

#### Flashcard 1767484558604

Tags
#history
Question
The Hundred Years' War ended in [...]
1453

England would hate losing its heirloom.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, over the succession to the French throne. </b

#### Original toplevel document

Hundred Years' War - Wikipedia
Anglo-French wars 1202–04 1213–14 1215–17 1242–43 1294–1303 1337–1453 (1337–60, 1369–89, 1415–53) 1496-98 1512–14 1522–26 1542–46 1557–59 1627–29 1666–67 1689–97 1702–13 1744–48 1744–1763 1754–63 1778–83 1793–1802 1803–14 1815 <span>The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, over the succession to the French throne. Each side drew many allies into the war. It was one of the most notable conflicts of the Middle Ages, in which five generations of kings from two rival dynasties fought for the throne o

#### Flashcard 1767518637324

Tags
#germany
Question
The Weimar Republic began in [...].
1919

I'd say the government is tip-top!

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The Weimar Republic (German: Weimarer Republik [ˈvaɪmaʁɐ ʁepuˈbliːk] ( [imagelink] listen ) ) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state as it existed between 1919 and 1933.

#### Original toplevel document

Weimar Republic - Wikipedia

#### Flashcard 1767524404492

Tags
#rome
Question
The Roman Republic began in [...]
509 BC

Apparently the Romans are beginning to lace up.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
> The Roman Republic (Latin: Res publica Romana ; Classical Latin: [ˈreːs ˈpuːb.lɪ.ka roːˈmaː.na] ) was the era of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire. <span><body><html>

#### Original toplevel document

Roman Republic - Wikipedia
art of a series on Ancient Rome and the fall of the Republic Mark Antony Cleopatra VII Assassination of Julius Caesar Pompey Theatre of Pompey Cicero First Triumvirate Roman Forum Comitium Rostra Curia Julia Curia Hostilia v t e <span>The Roman Republic (Latin: Res publica Romana; Classical Latin: [ˈreːs ˈpuːb.lɪ.ka roːˈmaː.na]) was the era of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire. It was during this period that Rome's control expanded from the city's immediate surroundings to hegemony over the entire Mediterranean world. Roman government was headed by two consu

#### Flashcard 1767528336652

Tags
#ancient-history #history #roman-empire #rome #wiki
Question

the Roman Senate formally granted Octavian overarching power and the new title Augustus in [...]

27 BC

Octavian had the Senate at its neck.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Octavian's power was then unassailable and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus, effectively marking the end of the Roman Republic.

#### Original toplevel document

Roman Empire - Wikipedia
perpetual dictator and then assassinated in 44 BC. Civil wars and executions continued, culminating in the victory of Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the annexation of Egypt. <span>Octavian's power was then unassailable and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus, effectively marking the end of the Roman Republic. The imperial period of Rome lasted approximately 1,500 years compared to the 500 years of the Republican era. The first two centuries of the empire's existence were a period of unprec

#### Flashcard 1767625592076

Tags
#history
Question

The term "Five Good Emperors" was coined based on what Niccolò Machiavelli said in [...] :

1503

Idealism of Gibbon

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ad><head> The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: <html>

#### Original toplevel document

Nerva–Antonine dynasty - Wikipedia
y his biological son, Commodus. [imagelink] Antoninus Pius [imagelink] Marcus Aurelius [imagelink] Lucius Verus [imagelink] Commodus Five Good Emperors[edit source] <span>The rulers commonly known as the "Five Good Emperors" were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. [4] The term was coined based on what the political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli said in 1503: From the study of this history we may also learn how a good government is to be established; for while all the emperors who succeeded to the throne by birth, except Titus, were bad,

#### Annotation 1767695584524

 dot draws directed graphs as hierarchies.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767697157388

Question
[...] draws directed graphs as hierarchies.
dot

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot draws directed graphs as hierarchies.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767698730252

Question
dot draws [...].
directed graphs as hierarchies

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot draws directed graphs as hierarchies.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767700303116

 dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767702662412

Question
dot reads [...] and writes drawings, either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.
attributed graph text files

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767704235276

Question
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes [...], either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.
drawings

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767705808140

Question
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as [...] or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.
graph files

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767707381004

Question
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as graph files or [...].
in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot reads attributed graph text files and writes drawings, either as graph files or in a graphics format such as GIF, PNG, SVG, PDF, or PostScript.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767708953868

 dot draws graphs in four main phases: Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges.Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges.Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings.Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767712099596

Question
dot draws graphs in four main phases:
1. [...]
2. Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges.
3. Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings.
4. Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines.
Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot draws graphs in four main phases: Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges. Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and un

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767713672460

Question
dot draws graphs in four main phases:
1. Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges.
2. [...]
3. Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings.
4. Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines.
Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dot draws graphs in four main phases: Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges. Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges. Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings. Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767715245324

Question
dot draws graphs in four main phases:
1. Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges.
2. Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges.
3. [...]
4. Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines.
Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ernal direction of certain cyclic edges. Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges. <span>Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings. Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines. <span><body><html>

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767717342476

Question
dot draws graphs in four main phases:
1. Breaks any cycles which occur in the input graph by reversing the internal direction of certain cyclic edges.
2. Assigns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges.
3. Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings.
4. [...]
1. Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines.

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
ns nodes to discrete ranks or levels. In a top-to-bottom drawing, ranks determine Y coordinates. Edges that span more than one rank are broken into chains of “virtual” nodes and unit-length edges. Orders nodes within ranks to avoid crossings. <span>Sets X coordinates of nodes to keep edges short, and the final step routes edge splines. <span><body><html>

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767718915340

 DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: graphs, nodes, and edges.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767721274636

Question
DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: [...], nodes, and edges.
graphs

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: graphs, nodes, and edges.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767722847500

Question
DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: graphs, [...], and edges.
nodes

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: graphs, nodes, and edges.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767724420364

Question
DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: graphs, nodes, and [...].
edges

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
DOT language describes three main kinds of objects: graphs, nodes, and edges.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767725993228

 In DOT language, the main (outermost) graph can be directed (digraph) or undirected graph.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767728352524

Question
In DOT language, the main (outermost) graph can be [directed and/or undirected].
directed (digraph) or undirected graph

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
In DOT language, the main (outermost) graph can be directed (digraph) or undirected graph.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767730711820

 Names of the objects may be C identifiers, numbers, or quoted C strings. Quotes protect punctuation and white space.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767733595404

Question
Names of the objects may be [...]. Quotes protect punctuation and white space.
C identifiers, numbers, or quoted C strings

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Names of the objects may be C identifiers, numbers, or quoted C strings. Quotes protect punctuation and white space.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767735168268

Question
Names of the objects may be C identifiers, numbers, or quoted C strings. Quotes protect [...].
punctuation and white space

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Names of the objects may be C identifiers, numbers, or quoted C strings. Quotes protect punctuation and white space.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767736741132

 A node is created when its name first appears in the file.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767738313996

Question
A node is created when [...].
its name first appears in the file

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
A node is created when its name first appears in the file.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767739886860

 An edge is created when nodes are joined by the edge operator ->.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767741459724

Question
An edge is created when [...].
nodes are joined by the edge operator ->

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
An edge is created when nodes are joined by the edge operator ->.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767743032588

 Attributes are name-value pairs of character strings.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767744605452

Question
Attributes are [...].
name-value pairs of character strings

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Attributes are name-value pairs of character strings.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767746178316

 When drawn, a node’s actual size is the greater of the requested size and the area needed for its text label, unless fixedsize=true, in which case the width and height values are enforced.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767747751180

Question
When drawn, a node’s actual size is the greater of the requested size and the area needed for its text label, unless [...].
fixedsize=true, in which case the width and height values are enforced

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
When drawn, a node’s actual size is the greater of the requested size and the area needed for its text label, unless fixedsize=true, in which case the width and height values are enforced.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767749324044

Question
When drawn, a node’s actual size is the greater of [...], unless fixedsize=true, in which case the width and height values are enforced.
the requested size and the area needed for its text label

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
When drawn, a node’s actual size is the greater of the requested size and the area needed for its text label, unless fixedsize=true, in which case the width and height values are enforced.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Annotation 1767750896908

 Node shapes, except custom node shapes, fall into two broad categories: polygon-based and record-based.

#### pdf

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767753256204

Question
Node shapes, except custom node shapes, fall into two broad categories: [...] and record-based.
polygon-based

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Node shapes, except custom node shapes, fall into two broad categories: polygon-based and record-based.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs

#### Flashcard 1767754829068

Question
Node shapes, except custom node shapes, fall into two broad categories: polygon-based and [...].