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#Derecho #Derecho-Romano
Entre los derechos de la antigüedad, el romano fue el único que fue objeto de elaboración científica.

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Entre los derechos de la antigüedad, el romano fue el único que fue objeto de elaboración científica. En realidad, tenemos amplios testimonios de otros ordenamientos antiguos, como el de Babiloniao el griego; pero sólo en roma existió una clase de intérpretes del derecho (los juriconsul

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ia histórica inigualable. Pero existe una razón todavía más válida que justifica la importancia del estudio del Derecho Romano, todavía practicado en muchos países europeos y extracomunitarios. <span>Entre los derechos de la antigüedad, el romano fue el único que fue objeto de elaboración científica. En realidad, tenemos amplios testimonios de otros ordenamientos antiguos, como el de Babilonia Page 18 o el griego; pero sólo en roma existió una clase de intérpretes del derecho (los juriconsultos) capaces de dar vida a un sistema y de elevar el estudio jurídico a la categoría de ciencia. Partiendo, de hecho, de las normas individuales reguladoras de los casos concretos, la jurisprudencia romana obtuvo los principios en los que estos se inspiraban y así, procediendo siem




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Question
In linux, all dll files (common C executable code shared by multiple programs, that mostly reside in /lib or /usr/lib directories), have the [...] file extention
Answer

.so

^^ SO stands for Shared Object


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23. Shared Libraries
his would effectively be saying that future libraries of different minor version numbers are compatible; only a change in the major version number would dictate incompatibility. 23.3 Installing <span>DLL .so Files If you run ./mytest , you will be greeted with an error while loading shared libraries message. The reason is that the dynamic linker does not search the current directory for







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Question
In linux, when you want to install a program, you can either install the binaries via a packaging tool (apt/dpkg, yum/rpm) or you can install directly from the tar'd/zipped up [...]
Answer
source


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24. Source and Binary Packages
pter 22. Most packages, however, also come as .rpm (RedHat) or .deb (Debian) files, which are discussed further below. 24.1 Building GNU Source Packages Almost all packages originally come as C <span>sources, tar ed and available from one of the many public FTP sites, like metalab.unc.edu . Thoughtful developers would have made their packages GNU standards compliant. This means that un tar







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Question
In linux, when you install a native C program from source, you obtain the zipped up (tarred up) source files, unpack it, and then use the [...] command to do the build/install from source.
Answer
make


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24. Source and Binary Packages
y whom, and on what date. Used to track work on the package. Being GNU standards compliant should also mean that the package can be installed with only the three following commands: ./configure <span>make make install It also usually means that packages will compile on any UNIX system. Hence, this section should be a good guide to getting LINUX software to work on non-LINUX machines. An







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In linux, for debian distros (like ubuntu), the low level package installation tool (that just installs an already downloaded package) is [...]
Answer

dpkg

^^ dpkg installs .deb packages


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24. Source and Binary Packages
rkstation] machine, or several others. 24.2.2 Installing, upgrading, and deleting To install a package, run the following command on the .rpm or .deb file: rpm -i mirrordir-0.10.48-1.i386.rpm ( <span>dpkg -i mirrordir_0.10.48-2.deb ) Upgrading (Debian automatically chooses an upgrade if the package is already present) can be done with the following command, rpm -U mirrordir-0.10.49-1.i38







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In linux, for fedora/redhat distros, the low level package installation tool (that just installs an already downloaded package) is [...]
Answer
rpm


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24. Source and Binary Packages
n files, thus allowing you to revert to its current setup if you later decide to reinstall: dpkg -r mirrordir If you need to reinstall a package (perhaps because of a file being corrupted), use <span>rpm -i --force python-1.6-2.i386.rpm Debian reinstalls automatically if the package is present. 24.2.3 Dependencies Packages often require other packages to already be installed in order to







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In linux, for debian distros (like ubuntu), there is a higher level package management tool, called [...] , that wraps around dpkg and not just intalls a given .deb package but also handles downloading from package repos and doing dependency handling.
Answer

apt

^^ also would accept apt-get. Note apt is a combination of apt-get and apt-cache, and all are based on the APT tools

^^ apt stands for Advanced Packaging Tools


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24. Source and Binary Packages
rpm -qip <rpm-file> ( dpkg -I <deb-file> ) rpm -qlp <rpm-file> ( dpkg -c <deb-file> ) which is analogous to similar queries on already installed packages. 24.2.8 dpkg / <span>apt versus rpm Only a taste of Debian package management was provided above. Debian has two higher-level tools: APT (Advanced Package Tool--which comprises the commands apt-cache , apt-cdro







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In linux, for fedora/redhat distros, there is a higher level package management tool, called [...] , that wraps around rpm and not just installs a given .rpm package but also handles downloading from package repos and doing dependency handling.
Answer
yum


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Linux Package Management
stall an RPM packaged for one operating system on another, this is not supported or recommended, and the results of this action can vary greatly. Yellow Dog Updater, Modified (YUM)Permalink The <span>YUM tool was developed for the Yellow Dog Linux system as a replacement for the Yellow Dog Updater (YUP). RedHat found the YUM tool to be a valuable addition to their systems. Today, YUM is







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Question
In linux, what is the difference between package managment tools dpkg and rpm VS apt and yum?
Answer
dpkg/rpm are low level package managers that just do installation of given .deb/.rpm packages, while apt/yum are higher level wrappers that wrap arround dpkg/rpm, and add functionality like dowloading packages from remote repos (over internet) and proper dependency handling.


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Linux Package Management
DNF .repo files are being added manually, instead of with dnf config-manager, they should be added to /etc/yum.repos.d. RPM Package Manager (RPM)Permalink YUM and DNF are simply front-ends to a <span>lower-level tool called RPM, similar to apt-get’s relationship with dpkg. You will likely not need to interact with RPM very often, but there are a few commands that you may find useful. The following c







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Question
In linux, for debian distros (like ubuntu), the apt package management tool downloads packages from external repos that are defined in the file [...]
Answer

/etc/apt/sources.list

^^ note also that there are more repos listed in files under /etc/apt/sources.list.d


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Linux Package Management
software that is already installed. apt-get purge package-name(s) - Combines the functions of remove and clean for a specific package, as well as configuration files. apt-get update - Reads the <span>/etc/apt/sources.list file and updates the system’s database of packages available for installation. Run this after changing sources.list. apt-get upgrade - Upgrades all packages if there are updates availab







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Question
In linux, for fedora/redhat distros, the yum package management tool downloads packages from external repos that are defined in files under the [...] directory
Answer

/etc/yum.repos.d

^^ the files have .repo files extenstions


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Linux Package Management
located at /etc/yum.conf provides system-wide configuration options for YUM, as well as information about repositories. Repository information may also be located in files ending in .repo under <span>/etc/yum.repos.d. The options in the [main] stanza don’t need modification, though you may set alternate logging and cache locations for the database by adding the following lines: /etc/yum.conf 1 2 log