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The abducens nerve is the sixth cranial nerve. It courses from its nucleus located in the dorsal pons to its innervation of the lateral rectus muscle and can be divided into four parts:

  1. nucleus and intraparenchymal portion
  2. cisternal portion
  3. cavernous sinus portion
  4. orbital portio

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Abducens nerve | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
percase letter, 1 lowercase letter, 1 number Step 1 of 4 ArticlesCasesCoursesQuiz AboutBlogGo ad-free Search Abducens nerve Assoc Prof Craig Hacking ◉ ◈ and Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard ◉ ◈ et al. <span>The abducens nerve is the sixth cranial nerve. It courses from its nucleus located in the dorsal pons to its innervation of the lateral rectus muscle and can be divided into four parts: nucleus and intraparenchymal portion cisternal portion cavernous sinus portion orbital portion Gross anatomy Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pon




Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion

The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction.

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Abducens nerve | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
to its innervation of the lateral rectus muscle and can be divided into four parts: nucleus and intraparenchymal portion cisternal portion cavernous sinus portion orbital portion Gross anatomy <span>Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction. Cisternal portion It is the most medial of the nerves emerging immediately below the pons (facial nerve and vestibulocochlear nerve lateral to it) at the pontomedullary junction into th




Flashcard 5848731094284

Question
Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion

The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the [...] beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction.

Answer
rhomboid fossa


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Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction.

Original toplevel document

Abducens nerve | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
to its innervation of the lateral rectus muscle and can be divided into four parts: nucleus and intraparenchymal portion cisternal portion cavernous sinus portion orbital portion Gross anatomy <span>Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction. Cisternal portion It is the most medial of the nerves emerging immediately below the pons (facial nerve and vestibulocochlear nerve lateral to it) at the pontomedullary junction into th







Flashcard 5848752065804

Question
Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion

The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the [...] within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction.


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Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction.

Original toplevel document

Abducens nerve | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
to its innervation of the lateral rectus muscle and can be divided into four parts: nucleus and intraparenchymal portion cisternal portion cavernous sinus portion orbital portion Gross anatomy <span>Nucleus and intraparenchymal portion The abducent nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the facial colliculus within the pons. Fibers pass anterior through the pons medial to the facial nucleus to reach the pontomedullary junction. Cisternal portion It is the most medial of the nerves emerging immediately below the pons (facial nerve and vestibulocochlear nerve lateral to it) at the pontomedullary junction into th







Articl

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Flashcard 5852841250060

Question
Constitutional Provisions for reservation of seats
Answer
[default - edit me]


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Flashcard 5852842822924

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer
Article 330 and 332 provides for the reservation of seats for SC/STs in Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies respectively, on the basis of their population ratio.


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Flashcard 5852844395788

Question
1.1. RESERVATION 1.1.1. RESERVATION IN LEGISLATIVE BODIES Why in news? Recently, 104 th Constitutional
Answer
[default - edit me]


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#covid #medicine
Sensitivity (of a medical test) = how many positives are correctly identified as positive

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Mark Wadsworth: Is there really a dramatic rise in Covid-19 cases?
tests and there are likely people texted by the contact tracers to say they were +ve when the test was -ve and vice-versa. 23 September 2020 at 14:56 Mark Wadsworth said... AC, I looked this up <span>Sensitivity = how many positives are correctly identified as positive Specificity = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative From what I've read, the specificity something like 99% because it identifies dead/dormant virus remnants. So if th




Flashcard 5852854619404

Tags
#covid #medicine
Question
[...] (of a medical test) = how many positives are correctly identified as positive
Answer
Sensitivity


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Sensitivity (of a medical test) = how many positives are correctly identified as positive

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Mark Wadsworth: Is there really a dramatic rise in Covid-19 cases?
tests and there are likely people texted by the contact tracers to say they were +ve when the test was -ve and vice-versa. 23 September 2020 at 14:56 Mark Wadsworth said... AC, I looked this up <span>Sensitivity = how many positives are correctly identified as positive Specificity = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative From what I've read, the specificity something like 99% because it identifies dead/dormant virus remnants. So if th







Flashcard 5852856192268

Tags
#covid #medicine
Question
Sensitivity (of a medical test) = [...]
Answer
how many positives are correctly identified as positive


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Sensitivity (of a medical test) = how many positives are correctly identified as positive

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Mark Wadsworth: Is there really a dramatic rise in Covid-19 cases?
tests and there are likely people texted by the contact tracers to say they were +ve when the test was -ve and vice-versa. 23 September 2020 at 14:56 Mark Wadsworth said... AC, I looked this up <span>Sensitivity = how many positives are correctly identified as positive Specificity = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative From what I've read, the specificity something like 99% because it identifies dead/dormant virus remnants. So if th







#covid #medicine
Specificity (of a medical test) = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative

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Mark Wadsworth: Is there really a dramatic rise in Covid-19 cases?
they were +ve when the test was -ve and vice-versa. 23 September 2020 at 14:56 Mark Wadsworth said... AC, I looked this up Sensitivity = how many positives are correctly identified as positive <span>Specificity = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative From what I've read, the specificity something like 99% because it identifies dead/dormant virus remnants. So if they test 1,000 people who are all negative, it will throw up 10 positiv




Flashcard 5852860386572

Tags
#covid #medicine
Question
[...] (of a medical test) = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative
Answer
Specificity


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Specificity (of a medical test) = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative

Original toplevel document

Mark Wadsworth: Is there really a dramatic rise in Covid-19 cases?
they were +ve when the test was -ve and vice-versa. 23 September 2020 at 14:56 Mark Wadsworth said... AC, I looked this up Sensitivity = how many positives are correctly identified as positive <span>Specificity = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative From what I've read, the specificity something like 99% because it identifies dead/dormant virus remnants. So if they test 1,000 people who are all negative, it will throw up 10 positiv







Flashcard 5852861959436

Tags
#covid #medicine
Question
Specificity (of a medical test) = [...]
Answer
how many negatives are correctly identified as negative


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Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Specificity (of a medical test) = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative

Original toplevel document

Mark Wadsworth: Is there really a dramatic rise in Covid-19 cases?
they were +ve when the test was -ve and vice-versa. 23 September 2020 at 14:56 Mark Wadsworth said... AC, I looked this up Sensitivity = how many positives are correctly identified as positive <span>Specificity = how many negatives are correctly identified as negative From what I've read, the specificity something like 99% because it identifies dead/dormant virus remnants. So if they test 1,000 people who are all negative, it will throw up 10 positiv







The Cement Manufacturers Association (CMA), for instance, is collaborating with the Ministry of Jal Shakti and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to create 25-feet installations of Ravana(s) in five cities, including Delhi.

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emon-king’. The traditional act of burning it in public has been substituted by a token destruction that involves physical dismantling, recycling or — in some cases — a controlled incineration. <span>The Cement Manufacturers Association (CMA), for instance, is collaborating with the Ministry of Jal Shakti and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to create 25-feet installations of Ravana(s) in five cities, including Delhi. Each effigy, made of about 300 kilos of plastic waste, will be mechanically destroyed on October 8, in a cement plant, in the presence of industry and government officials, a spokespers




India’s first e-waste clinic to be set up in Bhopal

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la Tamil Nadu Telangana Other States Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Kerala Tamil Nadu Telangana Other States Watch | Why are the agriculture bills being opposed? News States Other States Other States <span>India’s first e-waste clinic to be set up in Bhopal Staff Reporter Bhopal, October 04, 2019 21:49 IST Updated: October 05, 2019 12:20 IST Staff Reporter Bhopal, October 04, 2019 21:49 IST Updated: October 05, 2019 12:20 IST Central Pollu




The Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) have joined hands to set up the country’s first e-waste clinic here,

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Board to offer technical support Share Article 1 PRINT A A A The project, if successful, would be replicated elsewhere in the country. Central Pollution Control Board to offer technical support <span>The Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) have joined hands to set up the country’s first e-waste clinic here, that would enable segregation, processing and disposal of waste from both household and commercial units. Also Read Nearly 50,000 people make a living out of Seelampur’s e-waste After i




“Electronic waste will be collected door-to-door or could be deposited directly at the clinic in exchange for a fee. The CPCB will provide technical support at the unit,

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c recovery centres in Bhanpur here, CPCB officials discussed the clinic with BMC officials. A three-month pilot project, the clinic, if successful, would be replicated elsewhere in the country. <span>“Electronic waste will be collected door-to-door or could be deposited directly at the clinic in exchange for a fee. The CPCB will provide technical support at the unit,” BMC Additional Commissioner Rajesh Rathore told The Hindu. At present, there was no estimate of the quantity of electronic waste generated in the city, he added. “Hazardous waste will




Worldwide, flights produced 895 million tonnes of CO2 in 2018. In stark comparison, humans globally produced about 42 billion tonnes of CO2 (atag.org).

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in Swedish — resulting in a decline in Swedish passengers travelling by air and opting instead for low-carbon alternatives such as rail and electric-powered road travel. Don’t follow the leader <span>Worldwide, flights produced 895 million tonnes of CO2 in 2018. In stark comparison, humans globally produced about 42 billion tonnes of CO2 (atag.org). And as per an analysis from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the number of air travellers could double to 8.2 billion in 2037. Greta Thunberg, a 16-year-old Swedish c




Bhadra Tiger Reserve in Chikmagalur, Karnataka.

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e of such cameras especially in ecologically sensitive areas like the Nilgiris is prohibited,” said Mr. Santhanaraman. In April this year, a river tern, was killed after being hit by a drone in <span>Bhadra Tiger Reserve in Chikmagalur, Karnataka. In the Nilgiris, a group of tourists were arrested in Mudumalai last year for flying a drone close to the nesting sites of the endangered White rumped vulture. S Bharathidasan, secretar




The government’s next big priority after achieving the aim of building 100 million toilets as part of the ‘Clean India’ programme is to phase out single-use plastic

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arat) Part 2”, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said on Thursday. He added that the government will conduct a mega public-outreach programme in the next three years to achieve the target. <span>The government’s next big priority after achieving the aim of building 100 million toilets as part of the ‘Clean India’ programme is to phase out single-use plastic, the Minister said in an interaction with the PTI journalists. In his Independence Day speech, Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for an end to single-use plastic to protect the enviro




“We were importing plastic waste in large quantities and have enough of it which is a problem. We have stopped that and banned that. We have already banned plastic carry bags below 50 microns under Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016,” he said.

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outright ban on plastic was required for the implementation of the movement, the Minister replied in the negative. He said the government had in 2016 banned plastic carry bags below 50 microns. <span>“We were importing plastic waste in large quantities and have enough of it which is a problem. We have stopped that and banned that. We have already banned plastic carry bags below 50 microns under Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016,” he said. He said the government is very serious about the issue of plastic and that is why the Prime Minister made a passionate appeal. “For the last two months he has been creating public opini




The Minister said States have their own laws regarding waste management.

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ram panchayats. “That is where public campaign comes into play,” he said. The government, the Minister added, is working on two problems – collecting plastic waste and changing people’s habits. <span>The Minister said States have their own laws regarding waste management. “We have a federal structure so many States have enacted their own laws regarding waste management. There are many restrictions put out on plastic use and manufacturing. But every State




plastic waste is growing in rural areas and there are no rules applicable to gram panchayats.

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ternatives and now it will happen faster because people want biodegradable stuff... We are essentially improving solid waste and plastic-waste management,” he added. According to Mr. Javadekar, <span>plastic waste is growing in rural areas and there are no rules applicable to gram panchayats. “That is where public campaign comes into play,” he said. The government, the Minister added, is working on two problems – collecting plastic waste and changing people’s habits. The Min




Six roads in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura have been identified for construction using waste plastic material and work on this pilot project has commenced

The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has started a pilot project to build roads using plastic waste and environment-friendly technology, primarily along the Sino-India border, said a senior official on Wednesday.

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and Tripura have been identified for construction using waste plastic material and work on this pilot project has commenced Share Article 0 PRINT A A A Representational image | Photo Credit: AP <span>Six roads in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura have been identified for construction using waste plastic material and work on this pilot project has commenced The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has started a pilot project to build roads using plastic waste and environment-friendly technology, primarily along the Sino-India border, said a senior official on Wednesday. Lt. Gen. Harpal Singh, Director General, BRO said here that “six roads in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura have been identified for con




The BRO constructs roads in many areas that are in ecologically sensitive zones where restrictions have been imposed by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on the use of construction materials like local aggregates and sand, he said.

“To overcome this problem, BRO has adopted innovative modern technology involving use of non-toxic chemicals, polymers, enzymes etc for soil stabilisation to construct road pavements without depending on conventional materials like stone aggregates and sand,” Lt. Gen. Singh added.

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b the use of single-use plastic. Lt. Gen. Singh said on Wednesday that directions have issued to adopt “environmental friendly techniques of construction in remote border areas of the country”. <span>The BRO constructs roads in many areas that are in ecologically sensitive zones where restrictions have been imposed by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on the use of construction materials like local aggregates and sand, he said. “To overcome this problem, BRO has adopted innovative modern technology involving use of non-toxic chemicals, polymers, enzymes etc for soil stabilisation to construct road pavements without depending on conventional materials like stone aggregates and sand,” Lt. Gen. Singh added. “Geosynthetic and technical textile materials” are also being used for “slope stabilisation on a large scale and for construction of pavements”, he said. A letter from the Editor Dear r




The Indian Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros birostris) is a fairly common hornbill species found only in the Indian subcontinent. It is a medium-sized hornbill with a beak to tail length of about 50 cm, but one of the larger conspicuous birds we may see in our backyards.

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A A A The Indian Grey Hornbill | Photo Credit: Abhishek Gulshan The Indian Grey Hornbill feeds on figs, and seals its nest with its own excreta that has fig seeds, thereby propagating the tree <span>The Indian Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros birostris) is a fairly common hornbill species found only in the Indian subcontinent. It is a medium-sized hornbill with a beak to tail length of about 50 cm, but one of the larger conspicuous birds we may see in our backyards. With a brownish-grey body, a long black-and-white tipped tail, and red eyes, it has a signature heavy curved blackish-yellow beak surmounted by a casque (a protuberance of sorts). Unlik




Humans pollute more than volcanoes: study

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han volcanoes: study Share On 0 Sci-Tech Science Technology Health Agriculture Environment Gadgets Internet Watch | Why are the agriculture bills being opposed? Sci-Tech Environment Environment <span>Humans pollute more than volcanoes: study AFP Paris, October 02, 2019 05:30 IST Updated: October 01, 2019 22:32 IST AFP Paris, October 02, 2019 05:30 IST Updated: October 01, 2019 22:32 IST CO2 emissions are 100 times greater.




Human activity churns out up to 100 times more planet-warming carbon each year as all the volcanoes on Earth, says a decade-long study released Tuesday.

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1, 2019 22:32 IST AFP Paris, October 02, 2019 05:30 IST Updated: October 01, 2019 22:32 IST CO2 emissions are 100 times greater. Share Article 0 PRINT A A A CO2 emissions are 100 times greater. <span>Human activity churns out up to 100 times more planet-warming carbon each year as all the volcanoes on Earth, says a decade-long study released Tuesday. The Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO), a 500-strong international team of scientists, released a series of papers outlining how carbon is stored, emitted and reabsorbed by natural and manma




The freedom to define land, not already classified as forests by the Centre or state records, as forest has been the prerogative of the States since 1996

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9 20:50 IST The freedom to define land, not already classified as forests by the Centre or state records, as forest has been the prerogative of the States since 1996 Share Article 1 PRINT A A A <span>The freedom to define land, not already classified as forests by the Centre or state records, as forest has been the prerogative of the States since 1996 The States need not take the Centre’s approval to define what constitutes unclassified land as forest, the Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) of the environment ministry, comprising indepe




core sector output, which is measured by tracking the performance of eight major industries including cement, steel, and crude oil, contracted by a sharp 5.2% in September.

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Hopes of a quick turnaround in the economy have turned out to be quite premature in light of the latest set of economic data released on Friday. The Commerce and Industry Ministry reported that <span>core sector output, which is measured by tracking the performance of eight major industries including cement, steel, and crude oil, contracted by a sharp 5.2% in September. This is its worst fall in 14 years. Seven out of the eight core industries witnessed a contraction, with the coal sector being the worst hit, shrinking by over 20%. The latest figures a




(BRICS was formed in 2006).

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S) could not have come at a more opportune time. BRICS has proved its naysayers wrong since the idea of grouping the world’s “five emerging economies” was coined by a consultant two decades ago <span>(BRICS was formed in 2006). India and China have buoyed the grouping with their growth, and even though the idea behind BRICS has been dimmed by sluggish growth in Brazil and South Africa, and Russia’s sanction-la




Where BRICS has failed its founders is in the vision of interdependence between the five countries; despite their combined population accounting for 40% of humanity, intra-BRICS trade still makes up just 15% of world trade.

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led New Development Bank, and the BRICS business council in ensuring that BRICS countries, major drivers of growth in the past decade, continue to represent “close to a third of global output”. <span>Where BRICS has failed its founders is in the vision of interdependence between the five countries; despite their combined population accounting for 40% of humanity, intra-BRICS trade still makes up just 15% of world trade. Going forward, it is greater connectivity and more trade that will allow the BRICS countries to claim their rightful space, and provide the leadership and energy that the global economi




Going by the matrix of tests carried out by the Bureau of Indian Standards for the Ministry, Delhi has abysmal water quality, Chennai and Kolkata rank very low, and Mumbai is the only city with acceptable results. City water systems are normatively required to comply with the national standard for drinking water, IS 10500:2012

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ibution red-flagging tap water quality in major Indian cities comes as no surprise, given that many official water distribution agencies routinely advise consumers to consume only boiled water. <span>Going by the matrix of tests carried out by the Bureau of Indian Standards for the Ministry, Delhi has abysmal water quality, Chennai and Kolkata rank very low, and Mumbai is the only city with acceptable results. City water systems are normatively required to comply with the national standard for drinking water, IS 10500:2012, but most obviously feel no compulsion to do so. Their lack of initiative could be attributed partly to the expanding footprint of packaged drinking water, especially in populous cities




The most important issue is addressing the validity of a licence fee in the form of revenue share. This was set when spectrum was allotted and not auctioned. With the government now collecting revenues upfront in the form of spectrum auction fees — which some feel are unjustifiably high — there is little justification for a licence fee as well. There is also the issue of interconnect usage charges to be settled. The telecom regulator is adjudicating this dispute right now.

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of reforms right away. The government, which appropriates about 30% of the revenues of each player through various levies and taxes, needs to revisit some of the policies framed by it earlier. <span>The most important issue is addressing the validity of a licence fee in the form of revenue share. This was set when spectrum was allotted and not auctioned. With the government now collecting revenues upfront in the form of spectrum auction fees — which some feel are unjustifiably high — there is little justification for a licence fee as well. There is also the issue of interconnect usage charges to be settled. The telecom regulator is adjudicating this dispute right now. Talking of the regulator, the government also needs to look into the fairness of regulatory policies and approaches and ensure that they are unbiased. The telecom industry is crucial to




But the key takeaway from the judgment is that disclosure of details of serving judges’ personal assets was not a violation of their right to privacy.

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the importance of judicial independence. The Bench unanimously argued that the right to know under the RTI Act was not absolute and this had to be balanced with the right of privacy of judges. <span>But the key takeaway from the judgment is that disclosure of details of serving judges’ personal assets was not a violation of their right to privacy. The main opinion also argued that information related to issues such as judicial appointments will also be subject to the test of public interest and procedures mandated in the RTI Act




Anarchy in Bolivia: On Evo Morales’ exit

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Evo Morales’ exit Share On 4 Opinion Cartoon Columns Editorial Interview Lead Readers' Editor Comment Open Page Letters Watch | All about Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine Opinion Editorial Editorial <span>Anarchy in Bolivia: On Evo Morales’ exit November 13, 2019 00:02 IST Updated: November 13, 2019 00:31 IST November 13, 2019 00:02 IST Updated: November 13, 2019 00:31 IST Both Morales and his opponents failed to ensure a peace




■ right coronary artery (RCA): ◆ acute marginal branches ◆ atrioventricular (AV) nodal artery ◆ posterior descending artery (PDA) = posterior interventricular artery (PIV)

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Flashcard 5853063023884

Question
■ right coronary artery (RCA): ◆ [...]
Answer
acute marginal branches ◆ atrioventricular (AV) nodal artery ◆ posterior descending artery (PDA) = posterior interventricular artery (PIV)


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■ right coronary artery (RCA): ◆ acute marginal branches ◆ atrioventricular (AV) nodal artery ◆ posterior descending artery (PDA) = posterior interventricular artery (PIV)

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Even with the boost from the ₹1.76 lakh crore dividend payout from the Reserve Bank of India, the budget arithmetic is optimistic and it now appears certain that the government will miss the fiscal deficit target of 3.3% of GDP.

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more to give a leg up to the economy. Apart from pushing expenditure on capital projects, the government last month gave away corporate tax concessions amounting to a whopping ₹1.45 lakh crore. <span>Even with the boost from the ₹1.76 lakh crore dividend payout from the Reserve Bank of India, the budget arithmetic is optimistic and it now appears certain that the government will miss the fiscal deficit target of 3.3% of GDP. The only question is: by how much? Moody’s has projected that the deficit will slip to 3.7% of GDP this fiscal. Ratings agencies are ultra-sensitive to fiscal deficit overruns but the p




The ₹25,000 crore Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has expanded in both size and scope from the earlier one announced in September. And the variables are clear such as the unit sizes that will be supported. The AIF will provide funds to bail out stalled real estate projects with unit size of less than ₹2 crore a unit in metros and ₹1 crore in other places. The Centre will contribute ₹10,000 crore, with the State Bank of India and Life Insurance Corporation of India providing the balance. The fund, to be managed by SBICAP Ventures, will offer support to viable projects with a positive net worth and registered with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority.

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e Investment Fund could help revive the stressed sector From first looks, the long-awaited package to support the real estate sector, cleared by the Cabinet on Wednesday, appears well-designed. <span>The ₹25,000 crore Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has expanded in both size and scope from the earlier one announced in September. And the variables are clear such as the unit sizes that will be supported. The AIF will provide funds to bail out stalled real estate projects with unit size of less than ₹2 crore a unit in metros and ₹1 crore in other places. The Centre will contribute ₹10,000 crore, with the State Bank of India and Life Insurance Corporation of India providing the balance. The fund, to be managed by SBICAP Ventures, will offer support to viable projects with a positive net worth and registered with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority. What makes the scheme good is that it will also apply to projects that have been declared as non-performing assets by banks and to those lined up before the insolvency court. Apart from




India’s experience with countries with which it has signed free trade agreements till now is not exactly a happy one. Though trade has increased post-FTA with South Korea, ASEAN and Japan, imports have risen faster than exports from India.

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bilateral trade deficit of $53 billion with China and the fact that China has not taken satisfactory efforts to whittle down the deficit certainly were major inputs in India’s decision. Second, <span>India’s experience with countries with which it has signed free trade agreements till now is not exactly a happy one. Though trade has increased post-FTA with South Korea, ASEAN and Japan, imports have risen faster than exports from India. According to a paper published by NITI Aayog, India has a bilateral trade deficit with most of the member countries of RCEP. More importantly, while exports to RCEP countries account fo




Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication officially declared that wild poliovirus type 3 has been eradicated. The last case of wild poliovirus type 3 was seen in northern Nigeria in 2012. This is the second wild poliovirus to be declared eliminated — the first was in 2015 when type 2 wild poliovirus was declared as eliminated. With two of the three wild polioviruses eliminated, only type 1 wild poliovirus is still in circulation and is restricted to just two countries — Afghanistan and Pakistan.

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A A A Though India has excellent polio immunisation coverage, there is no room for complacency The world polio day on October 24 marked an important milestone in the war against polio when the <span>Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication officially declared that wild poliovirus type 3 has been eradicated. The last case of wild poliovirus type 3 was seen in northern Nigeria in 2012. This is the second wild poliovirus to be declared eliminated — the first was in 2015 when type 2 wild poliovirus was declared as eliminated. With two of the three wild polioviruses eliminated, only type 1 wild poliovirus is still in circulation and is restricted to just two countries — Afghanistan and Pakistan. As on October 23, there were 18 cases of polio caused by wild virus type 1 in Afghanistan and 76 polio cases in Pakistan this year. While the number of cases reported this year from Afg




What does the official declaration of wild type 3 poliovirus elimination mean in the war against polio? Put simply, it opens up the possibility of switching from the currently used bivalent oral polio vaccine containing type 1 and type 3 to a monovalent vaccine containing only type 1. The globally synchronised switch in April 2016 from a vaccine containing all the three types (trivalent) to a bivalent vaccine was done to reduce the number of vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDVP) cases.

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ses in Pakistan. Though India has excellent polio immunisation coverage and measures have been put in place to prevent the spread from polio-endemic countries, there is no room for complacency. <span>What does the official declaration of wild type 3 poliovirus elimination mean in the war against polio? Put simply, it opens up the possibility of switching from the currently used bivalent oral polio vaccine containing type 1 and type 3 to a monovalent vaccine containing only type 1. The globally synchronised switch in April 2016 from a vaccine containing all the three types (trivalent) to a bivalent vaccine was done to reduce the number of vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDVP) cases. Until 2015, the type 2 strain in the trivalent oral vaccine accounted for over 90% of VDVP cases globally. While the type 3 poliovirus in the vaccine is the least likely to cause vaccin




While the type 3 poliovirus in the vaccine is the least likely to cause vaccine-derived polio, it has the greatest propensity to cause vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP). Though the risk of VAPP is small, it is caused when the live, weakened virus used in the vaccine turns virulent in the intestine of the vaccinated child or spreads to close contacts who have not been immunised. VAPP can be greatly reduced if there is a switch from the bivalent to a monovalent vaccine containing only type 1.

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lent vaccine was done to reduce the number of vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDVP) cases. Until 2015, the type 2 strain in the trivalent oral vaccine accounted for over 90% of VDVP cases globally. <span>While the type 3 poliovirus in the vaccine is the least likely to cause vaccine-derived polio, it has the greatest propensity to cause vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP). Though the risk of VAPP is small, it is caused when the live, weakened virus used in the vaccine turns virulent in the intestine of the vaccinated child or spreads to close contacts who have not been immunised. VAPP can be greatly reduced if there is a switch from the bivalent to a monovalent vaccine containing only type 1. Alternatively, the risk of VAPP can be reduced 80-90% if every child receives the bivalent vaccine and one dose of inactivated polio vaccine injection. Though India does not count VAPP




The move to revive BSNL and MTNL and merge them comes at a crucial time for the industry

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019 10:30 IST October 26, 2019 00:05 IST Updated: October 26, 2019 10:30 IST The move to revive BSNL and MTNL and merge them comes at a crucial time for the industry Share Article 9 PRINT A A A <span>The move to revive BSNL and MTNL and merge them comes at a crucial time for the industry The Cabinet’s approval this week for a plan to revive the loss-making public sector telecommunications providers Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. (BSNL) and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd. (MTN




rise in India’s ranking by 14 places to 63 in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2020 survey is a positive development. India also figures in the top ten most improved countries in the world for the third consecutive year. From being ranked 142 in 2014 to 63 in 2020

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the ease of doing business in India Share Article 6 PRINT A A A The States must do their bit in improving the ease of doing business in India For an economy starved of good news, the news of a <span>rise in India’s ranking by 14 places to 63 in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2020 survey is a positive development. India also figures in the top ten most improved countries in the world for the third consecutive year. From being ranked 142 in 2014 to 63 in 2020, it has been a significant upward journey for the country in a rank list that is an important input in the plans of global investors. The latest improvement has come on the back of the




The NE monsoon rains contribute about 20% of India’s annual rainfall and span October-December.

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been the most delayed withdrawal of the monsoon since 1961 but both the quantity and the timing have had no effect on the onset of the northeast monsoon, which officially commenced on Thursday. <span>The NE monsoon rains contribute about 20% of India’s annual rainfall and span October-December. While the southwest monsoon has been obsessively studied for centuries and there are well established correlations — for instance, temperatures in the Central Pacific, or land surface a




The Centre’s new draft of Intermediary Guidelines, originally issued in 2011, was made public last year, and comments invited from all sections. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has received numerous responses, and inter-ministerial discussions have taken place. It is not yet known whether concerns voiced by Internet freedom activists and social media companies will be factored into the final notification. In particular, the provisions on the mandatory disclosure of “originators” of offending messages are a source of worry to social media platforms that use end-to-end encryption. Whether it is technologically feasible for the platforms to provide back-door access to law enforcement is itself in doubt.

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c polity through fake news and hate speech, to the country’s security and sovereignty, as well as to society through undesirable online content such as child pornography and communal messaging. <span>The Centre’s new draft of Intermediary Guidelines, originally issued in 2011, was made public last year, and comments invited from all sections. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has received numerous responses, and inter-ministerial discussions have taken place. It is not yet known whether concerns voiced by Internet freedom activists and social media companies will be factored into the final notification. In particular, the provisions on the mandatory disclosure of “originators” of offending messages are a source of worry to social media platforms that use end-to-end encryption. Whether it is technologically feasible for the platforms to provide back-door access to law enforcement is itself in doubt. While the government’s larger concern about the use of messaging technology and the potential for ‘virality’ of fake news and hate-mongering is quite valid, the threshold for law enforc




Mr. Banerjee and Ms. Duflo carried out in Rajasthan some years ago would explain the concept better. Despite immunisation being free, women were not bringing in their children for the vaccination shot. The two MIT economists decided to give a bag of pulses free to women who brought their babies for vaccination. Word soon spread and the rate of immunisation shot up in the region. Another experiment they did was in Mumbai and Vadodara to understand learning outcomes in the field of education. Was it lack of access to textbooks or hunger that caused poor learning outcomes? Through field studies, Mr. Banerjee and Ms. Duflo established that the problem is that teaching is not adapted to the needs of the students. Learning outcomes improved in schools that were provided with teaching assistants to support students with special needs.

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e pharmaceuticals industry. Abhijit Banerjee among 2019 Economics Nobel winners Sorry, the video player failed to load.(Error Code: 104153) If this sounds like gobbledygook, the experiment that <span>Mr. Banerjee and Ms. Duflo carried out in Rajasthan some years ago would explain the concept better. Despite immunisation being free, women were not bringing in their children for the vaccination shot. The two MIT economists decided to give a bag of pulses free to women who brought their babies for vaccination. Word soon spread and the rate of immunisation shot up in the region. Another experiment they did was in Mumbai and Vadodara to understand learning outcomes in the field of education. Was it lack of access to textbooks or hunger that caused poor learning outcomes? Through field studies, Mr. Banerjee and Ms. Duflo established that the problem is that teaching is not adapted to the needs of the students. Learning outcomes improved in schools that were provided with teaching assistants to support students with special needs. The importance of the work being done by the three laureates cannot be overemphasised. Governments across the world, including in India, spend big money on social schemes without the va