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on 16-Dec-2021 (Thu)

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Flashcard 7013982670092

Question

A pedestrian – a young boy – [...] the road just as a car was approaching.

一个行人--一个小男孩--从人行道上走下来,走到了马路上,这时一辆汽车正在驶来。

Answer
stepped off the pavement and into

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A pedestrian – a young boy – stepped off the pavement and into the road just as a car was approaching.

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Flashcard 7013985815820

Question
I decided to use side roads and go [through] the village of Pensford, but I took the wrong turning just before I got there, and I ended up in a supermarket car park.
Answer
via

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Yesterday, I got lost on my way to the airport. I decided to use side roads and go via the village of Pensford, but I took the wrong turning just before I got there, and I ended up in a supermarket car park. Fortunately I was able to ask someone the way, and a very kind w

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#English #vocabulary
We take up a job or activity, but we set up a company.
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Flashcard 7029077445900

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
We [...] a job or activity, but we set up a company.
Answer
take up

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We take up a job or activity, but we set up a company.

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#English #vocabulary
When sales or prices rise / go up / increase
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Flashcard 7029080591628

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
When sales or prices [↑] / [] / []
Answer

rise

go up

increase


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When sales or prices rise / go up / increase

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#English #vocabulary
Prices or sales can fall / go down / decrease slightly, gradually or sharply. If prices don’t rise or fall, they stay the same.
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Flashcard 7029085310220

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
Prices or sales can [↓] / [] / [] slightly, gradually or sharply.
Answer

fall

go down

decrease


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Prices or sales can fall / go down / decrease slightly, gradually or sharply. If prices don’t rise or fall, they stay the same.

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Flashcard 7029087669516

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
Prices or sales can fall / go down / decrease [↘], [↘↘] or [↓] .
Answer

slightly

gradually

sharply


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Prices or sales can fall / go down / decrease slightly, gradually or sharply. If prices don’t rise or fall, they stay the same.

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Flashcard 7029090815244

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
If prices don't rise or fall, they [...].
Answer
stay the same

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Prices or sales can fall / go down / decrease slightly, gradually or sharply. If prices don’t rise or fall, they stay the same.

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#English #vocabulary

There has been a sharp fall in sales.

We have seen a slight increase in profit.

Profits were £5 million, which is a decrease of 10%.

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Flashcard 7029099203852

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

There [...] sales.

销售量急剧下降

Answer
has been a sharp fall in

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There has been a sharp fall in sales. We have seen a slight increase in profit. Profits were £5 million, which is a decrease of 10%.

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Flashcard 7029101563148

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

We [...] profit.

我们的利润略有增加

Answer
have seen a slight increase in

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There has been a sharp fall in sales. We have seen a slight increase in profit. Profits were £5 million, which is a decrease of 10%.

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Flashcard 7029103922444

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

Profits were £5 million, which [...].

利润为500万英镑,减少了10%

Answer
is a decrease of 10%

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There has been a sharp fall in sales. We have seen a slight increase in profit. Profits were £5 million, which is a decrease of 10%.

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#English #vocabulary

The price has risen by 10 pence.

Sales fell from 8,000 units to 6,500 units.

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Flashcard 7029108641036

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

The price [...].

价格已经上涨了10便士

Answer
has risen by 10 pence

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The price has risen by 10 pence. Sales fell from 8,000 units to 6,500 units.

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Flashcard 7029111000332

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

Sales [...].

销量从8,000辆下降到6,500辆

Answer
fell from 8,000 units to 6,500 units

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The price has risen by 10 pence. Sales fell from 8,000 units to 6,500 units.

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#English #vocabulary
Last year the company made a profit of €2 million but this year they could make a loss.
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Flashcard 7029114932492

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
Last year the company made a profit of €2 million but this year they could [...].
Answer
make a loss

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Last year the company made a profit of €2 million but this year they could make a loss.

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#English #vocabulary

With inflation expected to rise, there are growing fears that interest rates could go up by as much as 2% next year.

由于通货膨胀率预计会上升,人们越来越担心明年的利率可能会上升到2%。

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Flashcard 7029121748236

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

[...].

由于通货膨胀率预计会上升,人们越来越担心明年的利率可能会上升到2%。

Answer
With inflation expected to rise, there are growing fears that interest rates could go up by as much as 2% next year

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With inflation expected to rise, there are growing fears that interest rates could go up by as much as 2% next year. 由于通货膨胀率预计会上升,人们越来越担心明年的利率可能会上升到2%。

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#English #vocabulary

Figures published yesterday show that trade between the two countries has now risen for the fifth year in a row.

昨天公布的数据显示,两国之间的贸易现在已经连续第五年上升了。

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Flashcard 7029126466828

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

Figures published yesterday show that trade between the two countries [...].

昨天公布的数据显示,两国之间的贸易现在已经连续第五年上升了。

Answer
has now risen for the fifth year in a row

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Figures published yesterday show that trade between the two countries has now risen for the fifth year in a row. 昨天公布的数据显示,两国之间的贸易现在已经连续第五年上升了。

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#English #vocabulary

Although the value of the pound fell slightly against the dollar yesterday, the news that sales rose in the last quarter has raised hopes that we may be coming out of recession.

尽管昨天英镑对美元的汇率略有下降,但上一季度销售增长的消息使人们对我们可能走出经济衰退产生了希望。

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Flashcard 7029130398988

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

Although [...] yesterday, the news that sales rose in the last quarter has raised hopes that we may be coming out of recession.

尽管昨天英镑对美元的汇率略有下降,但上一季度销售增长的消息使人们对我们可能走出经济衰退产生了希望。

Answer
the value of the pound fell slightly against the dollar

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Although the value of the pound fell slightly against the dollar yesterday, the news that sales rose in the last quarter has raised hopes that we may be coming out of recession. 尽管昨天英镑对美元的汇率略有下降,但上一季度销售增长的消息使人们对我们可能走出经济衰退产生了希望。

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Flashcard 7029131971852

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

Although the value of the pound fell slightly against the dollar yesterday, the news that sales [...].

尽管昨天英镑对美元的汇率略有下降,但上一季度销售增长的消息使人们对我们可能走出经济衰退产生了希望

Answer
rose in the last quarter has raised hopes that we may be coming out of recession

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Although the value of the pound fell slightly against the dollar yesterday, the news that sales rose in the last quarter has raised hopes that we may be coming out of recession. 尽管昨天英镑对美元的汇率略有下降,但上一季度销售增长的消息使人们对我们可能走出经济衰退产生了希望。

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#English #vocabulary
The graph shows sales figures for the last three and a half years.
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Flashcard 7029136952588

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
The graph shows sales [...] for the last three and a half years.
Answer
figures

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The graph shows sales figures for the last three and a half years.

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#English #vocabulary

If you get a bank loan of €500 for one year and the bank charges you 20% interest, how much will you have to pay back to the bank at the end of the year?

如果你在银行贷款500欧元,为期一年,银行向你收取20%的利息,那么在年底你要向银行偿还多少钱?

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Flashcard 7029141146892

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
If you get a bank loan of €500 for one year and the bank charges you 20% interest, how much will you have to [...] the bank at the end of the year?
Answer
pay back to

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If you get a bank loan of €500 for one year and the bank charges you 20% interest, how much will you have to pay back to the bank at the end of the year?

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Flashcard 7029143506188

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

If you [...] and the bank charges you 20% interest, how much will you have to pay back to the bank at the end of the year?

如果你在银行贷款500欧元,为期一年,银行向你收取20%的利息,那么在年底你要向银行偿还多少钱?

Answer
get a bank loan of €500 for one year

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If you get a bank loan of €500 for one year and the bank charges you 20% interest, how much will you have to pay back to the bank at the end of the year? 如果你在银行贷款500欧元,为期一年,银行向你收取20%的利息,那么在年底你要向银行偿还多少钱?

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Flashcard 7029145079052

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

If you get a bank loan of €500 for one year and the bank [...], how much will you have to pay back to the bank at the end of the year?

如果你在银行贷款500欧元,为期一年,银行向你收取20%的利息,那么在年底你要向银行偿还多少钱?

Answer
charges you 20% interest

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If you get a bank loan of €500 for one year and the bank charges you 20% interest, how much will you have to pay back to the bank at the end of the year? 如果你在银行贷款500欧元,为期一年,银行向你收取20%的利息,那么在年底你要向银行偿还多少钱?

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Flashcard 7029146651916

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
[拳击台]
Answer
boxing ring

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Flashcard 7029149011212

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
[滑雪坡]
Answer
ski slopes

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#English #vocabulary
Many people download their favourite tracks [individual songs from an album] or albums from the Internet.
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Flashcard 7029152943372

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
Many people download their favourite [...] [individual songs from an album] or albums from the Internet.
Answer
tracks

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Many people download their favourite tracks [individual songs from an album] or albums from the Internet.

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#English #vocabulary
When groups record an album [put eight or ten songs into one collection] or a single [one song], they do it in a recording studio.
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Flashcard 7029157137676

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
When groups [...] an album [put eight or ten songs into one collection] or a single [one song], they do it in a recording studio.
Answer
record

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When groups record an album [put eight or ten songs into one collection] or a single [one song], they do it in a recording studio.

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Flashcard 7029158710540

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
When groups record an album [put eight or ten songs into one collection] or a single [one song], they do it in a [...].
Answer
recording studio

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When groups record an album [put eight or ten songs into one collection] or a single [one song], they do it in a recording studio.

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#English #vocabulary
We picked up the keys from the neighbours without any problems.
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Flashcard 7029166574860

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
We [collected] the keys from the neighbours without any problems.
Answer
picked up

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We picked up the keys from the neighbours without any problems.

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#English #vocabulary
When you arrive at an airport, the departures board will show you the flight numbers (e.g. BA735), departure times (e.g. 08.40), and destinations.
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Flashcard 7029520731404

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
When you arrive at an airport, the [...] will show you the flight numbers (e.g. BA735), departure times (e.g. 08.40), and destinations.
Answer
departures board

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When you arrive at an airport, the departures board will show you the flight numbers (e.g. BA735), departure times (e.g. 08.40), and destinations.

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#English #vocabulary
If it is more than, for example, 20 kilograms, you will have to pay excess baggage.
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Flashcard 7029849722124

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
If it is more than, for example, 20 kilograms, you will have to [支付超重行李].
Answer
pay excess baggage

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If it is more than, for example, 20 kilograms, you will have to pay excess baggage.

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#English #vocabulary
You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.
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Flashcard 7031882386700

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
You also get your [boarding pass] and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.
Answer
boarding card

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You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perf

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Flashcard 7031884745996

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
You also get your boarding card and then you can [通过护照检查], where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.
Answer
go through passport control

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You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.

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Flashcard 7031887105292

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the [候机室], where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.
Answer
departure lounge

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You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.

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Flashcard 7031889464588

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question
You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the [...], e.g. cigarettes and perfume.
Answer
duty-free shop

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You also get your boarding card and then you can go through passport control, where someone checks your passport, and into the departure lounge, where you can buy things in the duty-free shop, e.g. cigarettes and perfume.

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#English #vocabulary

Then you get off the plane and walk through the terminal building to passport control.

然后你下了飞机,穿过航站楼来到护照检查处

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Flashcard 7031894183180

Tags
#English #vocabulary
Question

Then you get off the plane and [...].

然后你下了飞机,穿过航站楼来到护照检查处

Answer
walk through the terminal building to passport control

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
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Then you get off the plane and walk through the terminal building to passport control. 然后你下了飞机,穿过航站楼来到护照检查处。

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natural history of simple diffuse goitre formation
#Endocrinology #Surgery #thyroid

Stages in goitre formation are:

● Persistent growth stimulation causes diffuse hyperplasia; all lobules are composed of active follicles and iodine uptake is uniform. This is a diffuse hyperplastic goitre, which may persist for a long time but is reversible if stim- ulation ceases.

● Later, as a result of fluctuating stimulation, a mixed pat- tern develops with areas of active lobules and areas of inactive lobules.

● Active lobules become more vascular and hyperplastic until haemorrhage occurs, causing central necrosis and leaving only a surrounding rind of active follicles.

● Necrotic lobules coalesce to form nodules filled either with iodine-free colloid or a mass of new but inactive follicles.

● Continual repetition of this process results in a nodular goitre. Most nodules are inactive, and active follicles are present only in the internodular tissue.

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diffuse hyperplastic goitre
#Surgery #endocrinology #thyroid
Diffuse hyperplasia corresponds to the first stages of the natu- ral history. The goitre appears in childhood in endemic areas but, in sporadic cases, it usually occurs at puberty when meta- bolic demands are high. If TSH stimulation ceases the goitre may regress, but tends to recur later at times of stress such as pregnancy. The goitre is soft, diffuse and may become large enough to cause discomfort. A colloid goitre is a late stage of diffuse hyperplasia, when TSH stimulation has fallen off and when many follicles are inactive and full of colloid
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Nodular goitre
#Surgery #endocrinology #thyroid
Nodules are usually multiple, forming a multinodular goitre (Figure 50.11). Occasionally, only one macroscopic nodule is found, but microscopic changes will be present throughout the gland; this is one form of a clinically solitary nodule. Nodules may be colloid or cellular, and cystic degeneration and haemorrhage are common, as is subsequent calcification. Nodules appear early in endemic goitre and later (between 20 and 30 years) in sporadic goitre, although the patient may be unaware of the goitre until his or her late 40s or 50s. All types of simple goitre are more common in the female than in the male owing to the presence of oestrogen receptors in thyroid tissue.
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isolates vs dominant thyroid swelling
#Endocrinology #Surgery #thyroid
A discrete swelling in an otherwise impalpable gland is termed isolated or solitary, whereas the preferred term is dominant for a similar swelling in a gland with clinical evi- dence of generalised abnormality in the form of a palpable contralateral lobe or generalised mild nodularity.
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thyroid sewllings need for diagnosis
#Endocrinology #Surgery #thyroid
The importance of discrete swellings lies in the risk of neoplasia compared with other thyroid swellings. Some 15% of isolated swellings prove to be malignant and an additional 30–40% are follicular adenomas. The remain- der are non-neoplastic, largely consisting of areas of colloid degeneration, thyroiditis or cysts. Although the incidence of malignancy or follicular adenoma in clinically dominant swellings is approximately half of that of truly isolated swell- ings, it is substantial and cannot be ignored
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