Edited, memorised or added to reading list

on 15-Aug-2017 (Tue)

Do you want BuboFlash to help you learning these things? Click here to log in or create user.

Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia is the most likely cause of this patient's jejunal wall thickening and dilation, ongoing hypotension, fever, and abdominal pain.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652934184204

Question
[...] is the most likely cause of this patient's jejunal wall thickening and dilation, ongoing hypotension, fever, and abdominal pain.
Answer
Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia is the most likely cause of this patient's jejunal wall thickening and dilation, ongoing hypotension, fever, and abdominal pain.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia is caused by decreased mesenteric perfusion in low-flow states such as heart failure, sepsis, profound hypotension, or hypovolemia. It may also occur with use of vasoactive medications such as vasopressors, ergots, triptans, cocaine, and digitalis.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652937854220

Question
Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia is caused by decreased mesenteric perfusion in low-flow states such as [...]. It may also occur with use of vasoactive medications such as vasopressors, ergots, triptans, cocaine, and digitalis.
Answer
heart failure, sepsis, profound hypotension, or hypovolemia


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia is caused by decreased mesenteric perfusion in low-flow states such as heart failure, sepsis, profound hypotension, or hypovolemia. It may also occur with use of vasoactive medications such as vasopressors, ergots, triptans, cocaine, and digitalis.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Patients with cirrhotic-stage liver disease and a Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score of 15 or greater have better survival with liver transplantation than without.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652941786380

Question
Patients with cirrhotic-stage liver disease and a Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score of [...] or greater have better survival with liver transplantation than without.
Answer
15


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Patients with cirrhotic-stage liver disease and a Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score of 15 or greater have better survival with liver transplantation than without.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Patients with MELD scores greater than 10 are at risk of hepatic decompensation and mortality from any surgery, and especially with higher-risk surgeries such as a surgical portosystemic shunt

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652945194252

Question
Patients with MELD scores greater than [...] are at risk of hepatic decompensation and mortality from any surgery, and especially with higher-risk surgeries such as a surgical portosystemic shunt
Answer
10


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Patients with MELD scores greater than 10 are at risk of hepatic decompensation and mortality from any surgery, and especially with higher-risk surgeries such as a surgical portosystemic shunt

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







a TIPS is contraindicated in patients with MELD scores greater than 15 to 18 or serum bilirubin levels greater than 4 mg/dL (68.4 µmol/L), owing to high risk of mortality.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652948602124

Question
a TIPS is contraindicated in patients with MELD scores greater than [...] or serum bilirubin levels greater than 4 mg/dL (68.4 µmol/L), owing to high risk of mortality.
Answer
15 to 18


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
a TIPS is contraindicated in patients with MELD scores greater than 15 to 18 or serum bilirubin levels greater than 4 mg/dL (68.4 µmol/L), owing to high risk of mortality.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1652950437132

Question
a TIPS is contraindicated in patients with MELD scores greater than 15 to 18 or serum bilirubin levels greater than [...] µmol/L), owing to high risk of mortality.
Answer
4 mg/dL (68.4


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
a TIPS is contraindicated in patients with MELD scores greater than 15 to 18 or serum bilirubin levels greater than 4 mg/dL (68.4 µmol/L), owing to high risk of mortality.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely performed during pregnancy, particularly in the second trimester.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652954369292

Question
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely performed during pregnancy, particularly in the [...] trimester.
Answer
second


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely performed during pregnancy, particularly in the second trimester.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Bile acid dissolution therapy is expensive, requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for cancer in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgical therapies for gallstones are contraindicated in pregnant patients.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652957515020

Question
Bile acid dissolution therapy is [...], requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for cancer in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgical therapies for gallstones are contraindicated in pregnant patients.
Answer
expensive


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Bile acid dissolution therapy is expensive, requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for cancer in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgica

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1652959087884

Question
Bile acid dissolution therapy is expensive, requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for [...] in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgical therapies for gallstones are contraindicated in pregnant patients.
Answer
cancer


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Bile acid dissolution therapy is expensive, requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for cancer in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgical therapies for gallstones are contraindicated in pregnant patients.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1652960660748

Question
Bile acid dissolution therapy is expensive, requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for cancer in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgical therapies for gallstones are [...] in pregnant patients.
Answer
contraindicated


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
tion therapy is expensive, requires long-term multiple daily dosing, necessitates repeated ultrasonography, and has a potential long-term risk for cancer in the remaining gallbladder. Finally, most nonsurgical therapies for gallstones are <span>contraindicated in pregnant patients.<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is reserved for patients with symptomatic gallstones who are poor candidates for surgery and in those patients with bile duct stones that are refractory to removal at ERCP owing to large size.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652964330764

Question
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is reserved for patients with [...] and in those patients with bile duct stones that are refractory to removal at ERCP owing to large size.
Answer
symptomatic gallstones who are poor candidates for surgery


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is reserved for patients with symptomatic gallstones who are poor candidates for surgery and in those patients with bile duct stones that are refractory to removal at ERCP owing to large size.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Peptic ulcer disease is the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652968262924

Question
[...] disease is the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Answer
Peptic ulcer


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Peptic ulcer disease is the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







This patient has upper GIB, which is predicted based on four aspects of his presentation: hematemesis, melena detected on physical examination, absence of blood clots in the stool, and an elevated blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (>30).

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652971408652

Question
This patient has upper GIB, which is predicted based on four aspects of his presentation: hematemesis, melena detected on physical examination, absence of [...] in the stool, and an elevated blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (>30).
Answer
blood clots


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
This patient has upper GIB, which is predicted based on four aspects of his presentation: hematemesis, melena detected on physical examination, absence of blood clots in the stool, and an elevated blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (>30).

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1652972981516

Question
This patient has upper GIB, which is predicted based on four aspects of his presentation: hematemesis, melena detected on physical examination, absence of blood clots in the stool, and an elevated blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (>[...]).
Answer
30


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
is patient has upper GIB, which is predicted based on four aspects of his presentation: hematemesis, melena detected on physical examination, absence of blood clots in the stool, and an elevated blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (><span>30).<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







The most common causes of upper GIB are peptic ulcer disease (34%), esophageal varices (33%), esophagitis (8%), and Mallory-Weiss tear (6%).

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1652976389388

Question
The most common causes of upper GIB are peptic ulcer disease (34%), esophageal [...] (33%), esophagitis (8%), and Mallory-Weiss tear (6%).
Answer
varices


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The most common causes of upper GIB are peptic ulcer disease (34%), esophageal varices (33%), esophagitis (8%), and Mallory-Weiss tear (6%).

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







There is empirical evidence that the memory strategies enhance L2 vocabulary learning and retention compared with rote- learning or unstructured learning, that is, learning by using their own strategies (Rodriguez & Sadoski, 2000; Sanaoui, 1995). The effectiveness of the memory strate- gies, especially the keyword method, has been demonstrated not only with children (Pressley, 1977; Pressley & Levin, 1978; Pressley, Levin, & Miller, 1982; Ulanoff & Pucci, 1993) but also with adults who may be more attached to their own learning strat- egies (Beaton, Gruneberg, & Ellis, 1995; Desrochers, Wieland, & Cote, 1991; Gruneberg & Pascoe, 1996; Pressley & Ahmad, 1986)

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




In seeking evidence for establishing the effectiveness of the keyword method in relation with other vocabulary learning techniques, researchers have compared its effectiveness with that of other learning strategies. It has been demonstrated to be superior to learning a word in con- text, rote learning, using pictures, imaging the meaning of the word and semantic mapping.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




the research finding that the keyword method is not as effective with experienced or mature language learners as with children and low-proficiency learners is well documented in literature (Hogben & Lawson, 1994; Levin, Pressley, McCormick, Miller, & Shriberg, 1979; Moore & Surber, 1992; Rodriguez & Sadoski, 2000; van Hell & Mahn, 1997). For example, Van Hell and Mahn (1997) conducted two experiments to look at the effective- ness of the keyword technique in comparison with rote learning with 36 experienced foreign language learners and 40 inexperienced language learners. They found that the keyword technique was not more beneficial than rote learning with the experienced learners. Not only were fewer words recalled by the experienced learners using the key- word method in the immediate and the delayed post-tests than those engaged in rote learning, but also more time was needed by them to recall the translations of the foreign target words. Thus the effectiveness of the keyword method with mature and experienced language learners is in doubt.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




The word part vocabulary learning technique (Nation & Webb, 2011; Wei, 2012) is a mnemonic device based primarily on the interrelationships between the roots 1 of English words. For example, for learners with a vocabulary of 2,000 words, the high frequency known word ‘respect’ shares the same root -spect- with the lower frequency words ‘aspect’, ‘inspect’, ‘prospect’, ‘suspect’, ‘spectacle’, ‘perspective spectrum’, ‘respec- tive’, ‘retrospect’, etc. These words are similar in form as they all have the word part -spect- in them. Moreover, they are closely related in meaning because the meaning constant ‘look’ can be found in all of them

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654118026508

Question
The [...] vocabulary learning technique (Nation & Webb, 2011; Wei, 2012) is a mnemonic device based primarily on the interrelationships between the roots of English words. For example, for learners with a vocabulary of 2,000 words, the high frequency known word ‘respect’ shares the same root -spect- with the lower frequency words ‘aspect’, ‘inspect’, ‘prospect’, ‘suspect’, ‘spectacle’, ‘perspective spectrum’, ‘respective’, ‘retrospect’, etc. These words are similar in form as they all have the word part -spect- in them. Moreover, they are closely related in meaning because the meaning constant ‘look’ can be found in all of them
Answer
word part


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The word part vocabulary learning technique (Nation & Webb, 2011; Wei, 2012) is a mnemonic device based primarily on the interrelationships between the roots 1 of English words. For example, f

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







The word part technique consists of two stages of learning. The first stage requires the learner to identify the form similarity between the L2 new word and the linking word (the known L2 word) in order to establish a form-based association. The second stage requires the learner to recognize the meaning similarity shared by the new L2 word and the known L2 word in order to use the meaning constant to connect the new word

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




2007 Report of the Modern Language Association Ad Hoc Com- mittee on Foreign Languages, which recommended replacing the traditional two- tiered program structure with more coherent curricula that merge language and content

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as 3 to 6 months in patients with large (>2 cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654620818700

Question
National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as [...] months in patients with large (>2 cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features.
Answer
3 to 6


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as 3 to 6 months in patients with large (>2 cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654623440140

Question
National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as 3 to 6 months in patients with large (>[...] cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features.
Answer
2


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as 3 to 6 months in patients with large (>2 cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







pedunculated polyp may be considered adequately treated by endoscopic en bloc polypectomy alone if the lesion is confined to the submucosa and possesses no adverse histologic features such as poor differentiation, lymphatic or vascular invasion, or involved margins

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654626585868

Question
pedunculated polyp may be considered adequately treated by endoscopic en bloc polypectomy alone if the lesion is confined to the [...] and possesses no adverse histologic features such as poor differentiation, lymphatic or vascular invasion, or involved margins
Answer
submucosa


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
pedunculated polyp may be considered adequately treated by endoscopic en bloc polypectomy alone if the lesion is confined to the submucosa and possesses no adverse histologic features such as poor differentiation, lymphatic or vascular invasion, or involved margins

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654628158732

Question
pedunculated polyp may be considered adequately treated by endoscopic en bloc polypectomy alone if the lesion is confined to the submucosa and possesses no adverse histologic features such as [...]
Answer
poor differentiation, lymphatic or vascular invasion, or involved margins


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
pedunculated polyp may be considered adequately treated by endoscopic en bloc polypectomy alone if the lesion is confined to the submucosa and possesses no adverse histologic features such as poor differentiation, lymphatic or vascular invasion, or involved margins

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Angiography should only be performed in patients with active overt bleeding, as it requires a bleeding rate greater than 0.5 mL/min. Complications such as acute kidney injury, organ necrosis, and vascular dissection/aneurysm can occur.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654631304460

Question
Angiography should only be performed in patients with active overt bleeding, as it requires a bleeding rate greater than [...] mL/min. Complications such as acute kidney injury, organ necrosis, and vascular dissection/aneurysm can occur.
Answer
0.5


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Angiography should only be performed in patients with active overt bleeding, as it requires a bleeding rate greater than 0.5 mL/min. Complications such as acute kidney injury, organ necrosis, and vascular dissection/aneurysm can occur.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654633401612

Question
Angiography should only be performed in patients with active overt bleeding, as it requires a bleeding rate greater than 0.5 mL/min. Complications such as [...] can occur.
Answer
acute kidney injury, organ necrosis, and vascular dissection/aneurysm


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Angiography should only be performed in patients with active overt bleeding, as it requires a bleeding rate greater than 0.5 mL/min. Complications such as acute kidney injury, organ necrosis, and vascular dissection/aneurysm can occur.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Balloon enteroscopy is used to visualize the small bowel. Latex balloons are mounted on an overtube that can deliver the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive inflation and deflation. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope orally or rectally (retrograde) and can be used for diagnosis and therapy. Complications of balloon enteroscopy are perforation and bleeding via avulsion of the bowel

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654638382348

Question
Balloon enteroscopy is used to visualize the [...]. Latex balloons are mounted on an overtube that can deliver the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive inflation and deflation. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope orally or rectally (retrograde) and can be used for diagnosis and therapy. Complications of balloon enteroscopy are perforation and bleeding via avulsion of the bowel
Answer
small bowel


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Balloon enteroscopy is used to visualize the small bowel. Latex balloons are mounted on an overtube that can deliver the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive inflation and deflation. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope o

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654639955212

Question
Balloon enteroscopy is used to visualize the small bowel. Latex balloons are mounted on an overtube that can deliver the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive [...]. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope orally or rectally (retrograde) and can be used for diagnosis and therapy. Complications of balloon enteroscopy are perforation and bleeding via avulsion of the bowel
Answer
inflation and deflation


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Balloon enteroscopy is used to visualize the small bowel. Latex balloons are mounted on an overtube that can deliver the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive inflation and deflation. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope orally or rectally (retrograde) and can be used for diagnosis and therapy. Complications of balloon enteroscopy are perforation and blee

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654641528076

Question
Balloon enteroscopy is used to visualize the small bowel. Latex balloons are mounted on an overtube that can deliver the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive inflation and deflation. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope orally or rectally (retrograde) and can be used for diagnosis and therapy. Complications of balloon enteroscopy are [...]
Answer
perforation and bleeding via avulsion of the bowel


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
er the enteroscope into the small bowel by successive inflation and deflation. Balloon enteroscopy can deliver the enteroscope orally or rectally (retrograde) and can be used for diagnosis and therapy. Complications of balloon enteroscopy are <span>perforation and bleeding via avulsion of the bowel<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Contraindications of ballon eneroscopy are radiation enteritis, severe ulceration, and recent bowel surgery

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654645460236

Question
Contraindications of ballon eneroscopy are [...]
Answer
radiation enteritis, severe ulceration, and recent bowel surgery


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Contraindications of ballon eneroscopy are radiation enteritis, severe ulceration, and recent bowel surgery

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Technetium-labeled nuclear scans are used in patients with active bleeding (melena or hematochezia) who are transfusion dependent and hospitalized. This a diagnostic test and does not allow for therapeutic intervention

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654648605964

Question
Technetium-labeled nuclear scans are used in patients with active bleeding (melena or hematochezia) who are [...]. This a diagnostic test and does not allow for therapeutic intervention
Answer
transfusion dependent and hospitalized


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Technetium-labeled nuclear scans are used in patients with active bleeding (melena or hematochezia) who are transfusion dependent and hospitalized. This a diagnostic test and does not allow for therapeutic intervention

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654650178828

Question
Technetium-labeled nuclear scans are used in patients with active bleeding (melena or hematochezia) who are transfusion dependent and hospitalized. This a diagnostic test and does not allow for [...]
Answer
therapeutic intervention


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Technetium-labeled nuclear scans are used in patients with active bleeding (melena or hematochezia) who are transfusion dependent and hospitalized. This a diagnostic test and does not allow for therapeutic intervention

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Fever accompanying abdominal pain in a critically ill patient should prompt an assessment for cholecystitis. Diagnosis is usually made with ultrasound findings of acute cholecystitis or a radionuclide biliary scan that fails to visualize the gallbladder

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654653324556

Question
Fever accompanying abdominal pain in a critically ill patient should prompt an assessment for cholecystitis. Diagnosis is usually made with [...]
Answer
ultrasound findings of acute cholecystitis or a radionuclide biliary scan that fails to visualize the gallbladder


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Fever accompanying abdominal pain in a critically ill patient should prompt an assessment for cholecystitis. Diagnosis is usually made with ultrasound findings of acute cholecystitis or a radionuclide biliary scan that fails to visualize the gallbladder

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Approximately 50% of these high-risk patients with acalculus cholecystitis will develop cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with cholecystectomy is preferred but may be contraindicated in severely ill patients

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1654657256716

Question
Approximately 50% of these high-risk patients with acalculus cholecystitis will develop [...] during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with cholecystectomy is preferred but may be contraindicated in severely ill patients
Answer
cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Approximately 50% of these high-risk patients with acalculus cholecystitis will develop cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with cholecystectomy is p

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654658829580

Question
Approximately 50% of these high-risk patients with acalculus cholecystitis will develop cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of [...] bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with cholecystectomy is preferred but may be contraindicated in severely ill patients
Answer
anaerobic and gram-negative


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
pan>Approximately 50% of these high-risk patients with acalculus cholecystitis will develop cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of <span>anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with cholecystectomy is preferred but may be contraindicated in severely ill patients<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







Flashcard 1654660402444

Question
Approximately 50% of these high-risk patients with acalculus cholecystitis will develop cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with [...] is preferred but may be contraindicated in severely ill patients
Answer
cholecystectomy


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
itis will develop cholangitis, empyema, gangrene, or gallbladder perforation during their hospitalization. Supportive treatment with intravenous antibiotic coverage of anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is required. Definitive therapy with <span>cholecystectomy is preferred but may be contraindicated in severely ill patients<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







#reading-10-common-probability-distributions
We follow the convention that an uppercase letter represents a random variable and a lowercase letter represents an outcome or specific value of the random variable. Thus X refers to the random variable, and x refers to an outcome of X. We subscript outcomes, as in x1 and x2, when we need to distinguish among different outcomes in a list of outcomes of a random variable.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




#reading-10-common-probability-distributions
For example, a discrete random variable X can take on a limited number of outcomes x1, x2, …, xn (n possible outcomes), or a discrete random variable Y can take on an unlimited number of outcomes y1, y2, … (without end).1 Because we can count all the possible outcomes of X and Y (even if we go on forever in the case of Y), both X and Y satisfy the definition of a discrete random variable. By contrast, we cannot count the outcomes of a continuous random variable. We cannot describe the possible outcomes of a continuous random variable Z with a list z1, z2, … because the outcome (z1 + z2)/2, not in the list, would always be possible. Rate of return is an example of a continuous random variable.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




#reading-10-common-probability-distributions
In working with a random variable, we need to understand its possible outcomes. For example, a majority of the stocks traded on the New Zealand Stock Exchange are quoted in ticks of NZ$0.01. Quoted stock price is thus a discrete random variable with possible values NZ$0, NZ$0.01, NZ$0.02

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




#reading-10-common-probability-distributions
In most practical cases, a probability distribution is only a mathematical idealization, or approximate model, of the relative frequencies of a random variable’s possible outcomes.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on