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#chapter-1 #has-images #jaynes_probability_theory
The evidence does not prove that A is true, but verification of one of its consequences does
give us more confidence in A. For example, let

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#chapter-1 #jaynes_probability_theory
#chapter-1 #has-images #jaynes_probability_theory
deductive reasoning (apodeixis) can be analyzed ultimately into the repeated application of two strong syllogisms
apodeixis - something certain

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#chapter-1 #jaynes_probability_theory
on weaker syllogisms (epagoge):
if A is true, then B is true B is true (1.3) therefore, A becomes more plausible.

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Flashcard 3711673437452

Tags
#chapter-1 #jaynes_probability_theory
Question
A -> B. Does a logical statement imply that A physically cause B?
Answer
This example shows also that the major premise, ‘if A then B’ expresses B only as a logical consequence of A; and not necessarily a causal physical consequence, which could be effective only at a later time.
The rain at 10 am is not the physical cause of the clouds at 9:45 am. Nevertheless, the proper logical connection is not in the uncertain causal direction (clouds =⇒ rain), but rather (rain =⇒ clouds), which is certain, although noncausal


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#chapter-1 #jaynes_probability_theory
‘They will never make a machine to replace the human mind – it does many things which no machine could ever do.’ A beautiful answer to this was given by J. von Neumann in a talk on computers given in Princeton in 1948, which the writer was privileged to attend. In reply to the canonical question from the audience (‘But of course, a mere machine can’t really think, can it?’), he said: You insist that there is something a machine cannot do. If you will tell me precisely what it is that a machine cannot do, then I can always make a machine which will do just that!

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Flashcard 3711683136780

Tags
#chapter-1 #jaynes_probability_theory
Question
Given two propositions A, B.
We say that they have the same truth value if [...]
Answer
one is true if and only if the other is true


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Given two propositions A, B. We say that they have the same truth value if one is true if and only if the other is true

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Flashcard 3711684185356

Tags
#chapter-1 #jaynes_probability_theory
Question
Given two propositions A, B.
We say that [...] if one is true if and only if the other is true
Answer
they have the same truth value


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Given two propositions A, B. We say that they have the same truth value if one is true if and only if the other is true

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Ao atender o públi- co, é necessário informar e esclarecer as dúvidas, além de agilizar o atendimento e eventualmente acalmar os ânimos quando necessário

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Além disso, é importante conhecer a estrutura organizacional e as ativida- des realizadas pelos funcionários.

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Cumprimente. Frases como “Bom dia” ou “Como vai?” demons- tram acolhimento e educação.

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Seja proativo. Pergunte à pessoa: “Em que posso ajudar?”.

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Trate a todos com igualdade e cordialidade

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Se for o caso, indique um local para a pessoa sentar enquanto aguarda.

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Não diga “Ele não se encontra” ou “Ele não chegou ainda”. Diga apenas “Ele não está”.

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Mantenha a calma mesmo com pessoas menos educadas. Ja- mais as interrompa, discuta ou seja agressivo com elas.

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Não fale baixo nem gritando, use um tom moderado. E procure transmitir as informações de maneira rápida e correta.

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Se você não tiver resposta para a questão, procure a solução e dê um retorno à pessoa atendida. Nunca a deixe sem reposta.

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Seja cordial. Pergunte o nome da pessoa: “Quem quer falar, por favor?”. Nunca diga: “Quem fala?”, “Quem é?”, “Quem gostaria?”.

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Anote todos os recados e encaminhe-os à pessoa que precisa recebê-los.

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Ao falar pelo telefone, esqueça seus problemas pessoais. Sua voz deve soar calma e agradável.

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Peça para a pessoa repetir ou falar um pouco mais alto caso necessário.

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Evite deixar a pessoa esperando na linha.

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O atendimento telefônico requer mais concentração do que uma conversa ao vivo, por isso: • Seja cordial. Pergunte o nome da pessoa: “Quem quer falar, por favor?”. Nunca diga: “Quem fala?”, “Quem é?”, “Quem gostaria?”.

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Se outro ramal tocar na mesma sala e o responsável não estiver presente, [...] . Informe que a pessoa procurada não está em sua mesa no momento e pergunte quem está ligando e se deseja deixar um contato/ [...] . Anote e repasse ao colega.

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Se necessário, explique novamente, de outra maneira, até que a pessoa entenda a mensagem.

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Como atender? Veja abaixo o atendimento-padrão recomendado: — Udesc Ibirama, Maria, bom dia. Em relação aos setores/ramais, é aconselhável manter esse pa- drão, por exemplo: — Extensão, Maria, bom dia. Diante de erros e problemas: • Peça desculpas. • Explique o que ocorreu, evitando justificar. • Procure corrigir o erro imediatamente ou dizer quando e como o erro será corrigido. • Após a correção e/ou solução de algum problema, contate a pessoa interessada e certifique-se da satisfação dela.

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Use palavras simpáticas no relacionamento diário com as pes- soas à sua volta: “Bom dia”, “Por favor”, “Com licença”; homens devem dizer “obrigado” e mulheres, “obrigada”.

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Tente resolver na hora e não “daqui a pouco”, eliminando o hábito da procrastinação (adiamento ou “deixar para depois”).

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Não se refira à pessoa como “querido”, “amigo” etc.

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Não reclame do salário, da vida, da família e do mundo.

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Não repreenda alguém em público, fale a sós posteriormente.

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Às vezes, as reclamações da pessoa atendida são improceden- tes, porque estão em desacordo com os procedimentos da ins- tituição. Se isso ocorrer, explique a situação em termos claros e simples

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Trabalhe em equipe: coopere com os outros colegas e mantenha relacionamentos positivos e produtivos com outros funcioná- rios, sejam eles do mesmo grupo ou de diferentes setores da universidade

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Ao atender o celular, sendo o assunto particular, fale baixo e seja breve.

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Se o telefone celular alheio tocar e seu dono não estiver no lo- cal, não atenda. Telefone celular é um objeto pessoal.

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• Procure responder os e-mails em até 24 horas.

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Cheque os e-mails a cada duas horas. Demandas mais urgentes virão pessoalmente ou por telefone.

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Located in the heart of central Europe, crossed by a trio of great rivers, the Rhine, Danube, and Elbe

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Flashcard 3713083510028

Question
Located in the heart of central Europe, crossed by a trio of great rivers, the [...], Danube, and Elbe
Answer
Rhine


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Flashcard 3713084558604

Question
Located in the heart of central Europe, crossed by a trio of great rivers, the Rhine, [...], and Elbe
Answer
Danube


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Located in the heart of central Europe, crossed by a trio of great rivers, the Rhine, Danube, and Elbe

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