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#RNN #ariadne #behaviour #consumer #deep-learning #priority #recurrent-neural-networks #retail #simulation #synthetic-data
Recognizing relevant patterns in long input streams (> 100 actions) can turn out to be difficult for the human mind. To achieve better explainability, in many e-commerce applications consumer behavior can be viewed on the level of sessions. A session is a well-defined visit of a consumer to a web- shop: a subsequence of events within the consumer’s history that lay no further apart than a predefined time difference. Here, we split sequences of events into different sessions if there is a time gap of more than 30 minutes in-between subsequent events.
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#recurrent-neural-networks #rnn
The challenge to derive such individual-level predictions is particularly demanding in the context of non-contractual settings (such as most retail businesses, online media consumption, charity donations). Contrary to subscription-based or contractual settings where customer ‘‘churn” events are directly observable, customer defection in non-contractual business settings is by definition unobserved by the firm and thus needs to be indirectly inferred from past transaction behavior (Reinartz & Kumar, 2000; Gupta et al., 2006). The specific challenge in such settings is to accurately and timely inform managers on the subtle distinction between a pending defection event (i.e., a customer stops doing business with the focal firm) and an extended period of inactivity of their customers, because possible marketing implications are completely different in each of these situations.
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[unknown IMAGE 7100426751244] #has-images #recurrent-neural-networks #rnn
What would we expect from customers like the first ten individuals 1001–1010, who started out as occasional benefactors, but through an evolving relationship with the firm have developed a more regular transaction behavior? Will they continue this trend; will they eventually turn into the firm’s premium customers? Conversely, how about the next ten individuals 1011–1020, who have all made a number of transactions historically, but recently have been on an unusually long hiatus? Is the customer-firm relationship at risk and are these customers potential defectors? A timely response is critical in such a situation, because it is generally easier to regain a customer before their new relationship with a competitor has consolidated
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#RNN #ariadne #behaviour #consumer #deep-learning #patterns #priority #recurrent-neural-networks #retail #simulation #synthetic-data
This paper proposes a new model for RFM prediction of customers based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs) with rectified linear unit activation function. The model utilizes an auto-encoder to represent features of input parameters (i.e. customer loyalty number, R, F, and M).
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This paper proposes a new model for RFM prediction of customers based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs) with rectified linear unit activation function. The model utilizes an auto-encoder to represent features of input parameters (i.e. customer loyalty number, R, F, and M). The proposed model is the first of its kind in the literature and has many opportunities for further improvement. The model can be improved by using more training data. It is interestin

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#recurrent-neural-networks #rnn
The challenge to derive such individual-level predictions is particularly demanding in the context of non-contractual settings (such as most retail businesses, online media consumption, charity donations).
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The challenge to derive such individual-level predictions is particularly demanding in the context of non-contractual settings (such as most retail businesses, online media consumption, charity donations). Contrary to subscription-based or contractual settings where customer ‘‘churn” events are directly observable, customer defection in non-contractual business settings is by definition u

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Flashcard 7104232295692

Tags
#recurrent-neural-networks #rnn
Question
[...] layers are used to reduce data dimensionality, compressing large vectors of values into relatively smaller ones, to both reduce noise and limit the number of model parameters required
Answer
Embedding

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Embedding layers are used to reduce data dimensionality, compressing large vectors of values into relatively smaller ones, to both reduce noise and limit the number of model parameters required <

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Flashcard 7104234130700

Tags
#causality #statistics
Question
If there is a [...] path that starts at node 𝑋 and ends at node 𝑌 , 𝑌 is a descendant of 𝑋
Answer
directed

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If there is a directed path that starts at node 𝑋 and ends at node 𝑌 , 𝑌 is a descendant of 𝑋

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Flashcard 7104235965708

Tags
#causality #statistics
Question
[...] means that my outcome is unaffected by anyone else’s treatment.
Answer
No interference

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No interference means that my outcome is unaffected by anyone else’s treatment.

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Flashcard 7104237538572

Tags
#causality #statistics
Question
We will denote descendants of 𝑋 by [...]
Answer
de(𝑋)

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We will denote descendants of 𝑋 by de(𝑋)

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Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Nasr (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن يوسف بن نصر ‎; 1195 – 22 January 1273), also known as Ibn al-Aḥmar (Arabic: ابن الأحمر , "Ginger") and by his honorific al-Ghalib billah (Arabic: الغالب بالله , "The Victor by the Grace of God"),[2][3] was the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada
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Muhammad I of Granada - Wikipedia
Arjona, Almohad Caliphate Died 22 January 1273(1273-01-22) (aged 77–78) near Granada, Emirate of Granada Burial Alhambra Issue Muhammad II of Granada House Nasrid Religion Sunni Islam (Maliki) <span>Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Nasr (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن يوسف بن نصر‎; 1195 – 22 January 1273), also known as Ibn al-Aḥmar (Arabic: ابن الأحمر, "Ginger") and by his honorific al-Ghalib billah (Arabic: الغالب بالله, "The Victor by the Grace of God"),[2][3] was the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada, the last independent Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula, and the founder of its ruling Nasrid dynasty. He lived during a time when Iberia's Christian kingdoms—especially Portugal, C




was the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada , the last independent Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula
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Muhammad I of Granada - Wikipedia
بن نصر‎; 1195 – 22 January 1273), also known as Ibn al-Aḥmar (Arabic: ابن الأحمر, "Ginger") and by his honorific al-Ghalib billah (Arabic: الغالب بالله, "The Victor by the Grace of God"),[2][3] <span>was the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada, the last independent Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula, and the founder of its ruling Nasrid dynasty. He lived during a time when Iberia's Christian kingdoms—especially Portugal, Castile and Aragon—were expanding at the expense of the Islam




Iberia's Christian kingdoms—especially Portugal, Castile and Aragon—were expanding at the expense of the Islamic territory in Iberia, called Al-Andalus.
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Muhammad I of Granada - Wikipedia
God"),[2][3] was the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada, the last independent Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula, and the founder of its ruling Nasrid dynasty. He lived during a time when <span>Iberia's Christian kingdoms—especially Portugal, Castile and Aragon—were expanding at the expense of the Islamic territory in Iberia, called Al-Andalus. Muhammad ibn Yusuf took power in his native Arjona in 1232 when he rebelled against the de facto leader of Al-Andalus, Ibn Hud. During this rebellion, he was able to take control of Cór




Muhammad ibn Yusuf took power in his native Arjona in 1232 when he rebelled against the de facto leader of Al-Andalus, Ibn Hud.
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Muhammad I of Granada - Wikipedia
rid dynasty. He lived during a time when Iberia's Christian kingdoms—especially Portugal, Castile and Aragon—were expanding at the expense of the Islamic territory in Iberia, called Al-Andalus. <span>Muhammad ibn Yusuf took power in his native Arjona in 1232 when he rebelled against the de facto leader of Al-Andalus, Ibn Hud. During this rebellion, he was able to take control of Córdoba and Seville briefly, before he lost both cities to Ibn Hud. Forced to acknowledge Ibn Hud's suzerainty, Muhammad was able t




Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture
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Human history - Wikipedia
perate regions of today were extremely inhospitable. Yet, by the end of the Ice Age, some 12,000 years ago, humans had colonized nearly all ice-free parts of the globe.[34] Rise of civilization <span>Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture, which fundamentally changed the human lifestyle. Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, she




Flashcard 7104265063692

Question
Beginning around 1[...], the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture
Answer
0,000 BCE

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Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture

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Human history - Wikipedia
perate regions of today were extremely inhospitable. Yet, by the end of the Ice Age, some 12,000 years ago, humans had colonized nearly all ice-free parts of the globe.[34] Rise of civilization <span>Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture, which fundamentally changed the human lifestyle. Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, she







Flashcard 7104266374412

Question
Beginning around [...], the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture
Answer
10,000 BCE

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Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture

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Human history - Wikipedia
perate regions of today were extremely inhospitable. Yet, by the end of the Ice Age, some 12,000 years ago, humans had colonized nearly all ice-free parts of the globe.[34] Rise of civilization <span>Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture, which fundamentally changed the human lifestyle. Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, she







Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.
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Human history - Wikipedia
e-free parts of the globe.[34] Rise of civilization Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture, which fundamentally changed the human lifestyle. <span>Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the




Flashcard 7104270044428

Question
Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least [...] in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.
Answer
8500 BCE

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Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.

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Human history - Wikipedia
e-free parts of the globe.[34] Rise of civilization Beginning around 10,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution marked the development of agriculture, which fundamentally changed the human lifestyle. <span>Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the







In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE.
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Human history - Wikipedia
damentally changed the human lifestyle. Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] <span>In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflow




Flashcard 7104273714444

Question
In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by [...]
Answer
6000 BCE.

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In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
damentally changed the human lifestyle. Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] <span>In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflow







Flashcard 7104275287308

Question
In the [...] crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE.
Answer

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In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
damentally changed the human lifestyle. Cereal crop cultivation and animal domestication had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] <span>In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflow







The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE
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Human history - Wikipedia
ion had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. <span>The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central Amer




Flashcard 7104278957324

Question
The [...] cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE
Answer
Yellow River valley in China

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The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE

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Human history - Wikipedia
ion had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. <span>The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central Amer







Flashcard 7104280530188

Question
The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about [...]
Answer
7000 BCE

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The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE

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Human history - Wikipedia
ion had occurred in the Middle East by at least 8500 BCE in the form of wheat, barley, sheep, and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. <span>The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central Amer







the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE.
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Human history - Wikipedia
and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; <span>the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountain




Flashcard 7104284200204

Question
the [...] domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE.
Answer
Yangtze valley

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the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; <span>the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountain







Flashcard 7104285773068

Question
the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least [...].
Answer
8000 BCE

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the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
and goats.[35] In the Indus Valley, crops were cultivated and cattle were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; <span>the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountain







In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE.
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Human history - Wikipedia
e were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. <span>In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains of South America, where the llama was also domesticated.[36] Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and orname




Flashcard 7104289443084

Question
In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about [...] and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE.
Answer
4000 BCE,

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In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
e were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. <span>In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains of South America, where the llama was also domesticated.[36] Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and orname







Flashcard 7104290491660

Question
In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by [...]
Answer
3500 BCE.

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In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
e were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. <span>In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains of South America, where the llama was also domesticated.[36] Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and orname







Flashcard 7104292064524

Question
In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about [...] and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE.
Answer
4000 BCE,

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In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE.

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Human history - Wikipedia
e were domesticated by 6000 BCE. The Yellow River valley in China cultivated millet and other cereal crops by about 7000 BCE; the Yangtze valley domesticated rice earlier, by at least 8000 BCE. <span>In the Americas, sunflowers were cultivated by about 4000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains of South America, where the llama was also domesticated.[36] Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and orname







Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments.
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Human history - Wikipedia
000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains of South America, where the llama was also domesticated.[36] <span>Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments. The need for metal ores stimulated trade, as many areas of early human settlement lacked the necessary ores. The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 B




Flashcard 7104295734540

Question
Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and ornaments around [...] Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments.
Answer
6000 BCE.

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Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments.

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Human history - Wikipedia
000 BCE, and maize and beans were domesticated in Central America by 3500 BCE. Potatoes were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains of South America, where the llama was also domesticated.[36] <span>Metalworking was first used in the creation of copper tools and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments. The need for metal ores stimulated trade, as many areas of early human settlement lacked the necessary ores. The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 B







The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.
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Human history - Wikipedia
s and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments. The need for metal ores stimulated trade, as many areas of early human settlement lacked the necessary ores. <span>The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.[37] Agriculture created food surpluses that could support people not directly engaged in food production,[38] permitting far denser populations and the creation of the first cities and




Flashcard 7104299404556

Question
The first signs of bronze, an alloy of [...], date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.
Answer
copper and tin

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The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.

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Human history - Wikipedia
s and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments. The need for metal ores stimulated trade, as many areas of early human settlement lacked the necessary ores. <span>The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.[37] Agriculture created food surpluses that could support people not directly engaged in food production,[38] permitting far denser populations and the creation of the first cities and







Flashcard 7104300977420

Question
The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around [...] BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.
Answer
2500

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The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.

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Human history - Wikipedia
s and ornaments around 6000 BCE. Gold soon followed, primarily for use in ornaments. The need for metal ores stimulated trade, as many areas of early human settlement lacked the necessary ores. <span>The first signs of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, date to around 2500 BCE, but the alloy did not become widely used until much later.[37] Agriculture created food surpluses that could support people not directly engaged in food production,[38] permitting far denser populations and the creation of the first cities and







Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40]
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established a symbiosis with their surrounding countrysides, absorbing agricultural products and providing, in return, manufactured goods and varying degrees of military control and protection. <span>Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40] Monumental Cuneiform inscription, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lowe




Flashcard 7104304647436

Question
Early proto-cities appeared at [...] around 6000 BCE.[40]
Answer

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Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40]

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Human history - Wikipedia
established a symbiosis with their surrounding countrysides, absorbing agricultural products and providing, in return, manufactured goods and varying degrees of military control and protection. <span>Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40] Monumental Cuneiform inscription, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lowe







Flashcard 7104305696012

Question
Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around [...][40]
Answer
6000 BCE.

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Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40]

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Human history - Wikipedia
established a symbiosis with their surrounding countrysides, absorbing agricultural products and providing, in return, manufactured goods and varying degrees of military control and protection. <span>Early proto-cities appeared at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40] Monumental Cuneiform inscription, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lowe







Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE)
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at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40] Monumental Cuneiform inscription, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] <span>Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),




Flashcard 7104309890316

Question
Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia ([...] BCE)
Answer
3000

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Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE)

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at Jericho and Çatalhöyük around 6000 BCE.[40] Monumental Cuneiform inscription, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] <span>Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),







followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE)
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ion, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] <span>followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE




Flashcard 7104313560332

Question
followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River ([...] BCE)
Answer
3000

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followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE)

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ion, Sumer, Mesopotamia, 26th century BCE The development of cities was synonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] <span>followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE







the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE)
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nonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] <span>the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).[10][11] These societies developed a number of unifying characteristics, including a central government,




Flashcard 7104317230348

Question
the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; [...])
Answer
2500 BCE

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the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE)

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nonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] <span>the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).[10][11] These societies developed a number of unifying characteristics, including a central government,







Flashcard 7104318278924

Question
the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; [...] BCE)
Answer
2500

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the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE)

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nonymous with the rise of civilization.[a] Early civilizations arose first in Lower Mesopotamia (3000 BCE),[42][43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] <span>the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).[10][11] These societies developed a number of unifying characteristics, including a central government,







Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).
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[43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and <span>Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).[10][11] These societies developed a number of unifying characteristics, including a central government, a complex economy and social structure, sophisticated language and writing system




Flashcard 7104322211084

Question
Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers ([...] BCE).
Answer
2200

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Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).

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[43][44] followed by Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE),[9][45] the Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley (in present-day India and Pakistan; 2500 BCE),[46][47] and <span>Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).[10][11] These societies developed a number of unifying characteristics, including a central government, a complex economy and social structure, sophisticated language and writing system







Sumer, located in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization
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were concentrated in fertile river valleys: the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia, the Nile in Egypt,[59] the Indus in the Indian subcontinent,[46] and the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers in China. <span>Sumer, located in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization, having developed the first city-states in the 4th millennium BCE.[43] It was in these cities that the earliest known form of writing, cuneiform script, appeared around 3000 BCE.[60][61




Flashcard 7104325881100

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[...], located in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization
Answer
Sumer

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Sumer, located in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization

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were concentrated in fertile river valleys: the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia, the Nile in Egypt,[59] the Indus in the Indian subcontinent,[46] and the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers in China. <span>Sumer, located in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization, having developed the first city-states in the 4th millennium BCE.[43] It was in these cities that the earliest known form of writing, cuneiform script, appeared around 3000 BCE.[60][61







Cuneiform is the earliest writing system.
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ed for the characteristic wedge-shaped impressions (Latin: cuneus) which form its signs. Cuneiform was originally developed to write the Sumerian language of southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). <span>Cuneiform is the earliest writing system.[6][7] Over the course of its history, cuneiform was adapted to write a number of languages in addition to Sumerian. Akkadian texts are attested from the 24th century B.C.E. onward and m




Flashcard 7104330861836

Question
Answer
Cuneiform

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Cuneiform is the earliest writing system.

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ed for the characteristic wedge-shaped impressions (Latin: cuneus) which form its signs. Cuneiform was originally developed to write the Sumerian language of southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). <span>Cuneiform is the earliest writing system.[6][7] Over the course of its history, cuneiform was adapted to write a number of languages in addition to Sumerian. Akkadian texts are attested from the 24th century B.C.E. onward and m







cuneiform script, appeared around 3000 BCE.
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ed in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization, having developed the first city-states in the 4th millennium BCE.[43] It was in these cities that the earliest known form of writing, <span>cuneiform script, appeared around 3000 BCE.[60][61] Cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs, whose pictorial representations eventually became simplified and more abstract.[61] Cuneiform texts were written by using a b




Flashcard 7104334531852

Question
cuneiform script, appeared around [...] BCE.
Answer
3000

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cuneiform script, appeared around 3000 BCE.

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ed in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization, having developed the first city-states in the 4th millennium BCE.[43] It was in these cities that the earliest known form of writing, <span>cuneiform script, appeared around 3000 BCE.[60][61] Cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs, whose pictorial representations eventually became simplified and more abstract.[61] Cuneiform texts were written by using a b







In Crete the Minoan civilization had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.
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ypt, by contrast, first there was a dual division into Upper and Lower Egypt which was shortly followed by unification of all the valley around 3100 BCE, followed by permanent pacification.[64] <span>In Crete the Minoan civilization had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.[65] Over the next millennia, other river valleys saw monarchical empires rise to power.[66] In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia.[67] Ov




Flashcard 7104338201868

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In Crete the [...] had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.

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In Crete the Minoan civilization had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.

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Human history - Wikipedia
ypt, by contrast, first there was a dual division into Upper and Lower Egypt which was shortly followed by unification of all the valley around 3100 BCE, followed by permanent pacification.[64] <span>In Crete the Minoan civilization had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.[65] Over the next millennia, other river valleys saw monarchical empires rise to power.[66] In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia.[67] Ov







In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia
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ilization had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.[65] Over the next millennia, other river valleys saw monarchical empires rise to power.[66] <span>In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia.[67] Over the following millennia, civilizations developed across the world. By 1600 BCE, Mycenaean Greece began to develop,[68] and ended with the Late Bronze Age collapse that started




Flashcard 7104341871884

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In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of [...] and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia
Answer

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In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia

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ilization had entered the Bronze Age by 2700 BCE and is regarded as the first civilization in Europe.[65] Over the next millennia, other river valleys saw monarchical empires rise to power.[66] <span>In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia.[67] Over the following millennia, civilizations developed across the world. By 1600 BCE, Mycenaean Greece began to develop,[68] and ended with the Late Bronze Age collapse that started







By 1600 BCE, Mycenaean Greece began to develop
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cal empires rise to power.[66] In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia.[67] Over the following millennia, civilizations developed across the world. <span>By 1600 BCE, Mycenaean Greece began to develop,[68] and ended with the Late Bronze Age collapse that started to affect many Mediterranean civilizations between 1200 and 1150 BCE. In India, this era was the Vedic period (1750-600 BCE




Flashcard 7104345541900

Question
By 1600 BCE, [...] Greece began to develop
Answer
Mycenaean

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By 1600 BCE, Mycenaean Greece began to develop

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cal empires rise to power.[66] In the 25th – 21st centuries BCE, the empires of Akkad and Sumer arose in Mesopotamia.[67] Over the following millennia, civilizations developed across the world. <span>By 1600 BCE, Mycenaean Greece began to develop,[68] and ended with the Late Bronze Age collapse that started to affect many Mediterranean civilizations between 1200 and 1150 BCE. In India, this era was the Vedic period (1750-600 BCE







Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "Axial Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.
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ed civilizations such as the Olmecs,[74] Maya,[75] Chavín,[76] and Moche.[77] Axial Age Main articles: Axial Age, History of philosophy, Timeline of religion, and History of religion The Buddha <span>Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "Axial Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.[78] Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the 6th century BCE. (Karl Jaspers' Axial-Age theory a




Flashcard 7104349211916

Question
Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "[...] Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.
Answer
Axial

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Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "Axial Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.

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ed civilizations such as the Olmecs,[74] Maya,[75] Chavín,[76] and Moche.[77] Axial Age Main articles: Axial Age, History of philosophy, Timeline of religion, and History of religion The Buddha <span>Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "Axial Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.[78] Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the 6th century BCE. (Karl Jaspers' Axial-Age theory a







Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the 6th century BCE.
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he Buddha Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "Axial Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.[78] <span>Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the 6th century BCE. (Karl Jaspers' Axial-Age theory also includes Persian Zoroastrianism, but other scholars dispute his timeline for Zoroastrianism.) In the 5th century BCE, Socrates and Plato made substa




Flashcard 7104352881932

Question
Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the [...]th century BCE.
Answer
6

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Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the 6th century BCE.

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he Buddha Beginning in the 8th century BCE, the "Axial Age" saw the development of a set of transformative philosophical and religious ideas, mostly independently, in many different places.[78] <span>Chinese Confucianism, Indian Buddhism and Jainism, and Jewish monotheism are all claimed by some scholars to have developed in the 6th century BCE. (Karl Jaspers' Axial-Age theory also includes Persian Zoroastrianism, but other scholars dispute his timeline for Zoroastrianism.) In the 5th century BCE, Socrates and Plato made substa







In the East, three schools of thought would dominate Chinese thinking well into the 20th century. These were Taoism, Legalism, and Confucianism.
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Zoroastrianism, but other scholars dispute his timeline for Zoroastrianism.) In the 5th century BCE, Socrates and Plato made substantial advances in the development of ancient Greek philosophy. <span>In the East, three schools of thought would dominate Chinese thinking well into the 20th century. These were Taoism, Legalism, and Confucianism. The Confucian tradition, which would become particularly dominant, looked for political morality not to the force of law but to the power and example of tradition. Confucianism would la




Flashcard 7104356551948

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In the East, three schools of thought would dominate Chinese thinking well into the 20th century. These were [...]

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In the East, three schools of thought would dominate Chinese thinking well into the 20th century. These were Taoism, Legalism, and Confucianism.

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Zoroastrianism, but other scholars dispute his timeline for Zoroastrianism.) In the 5th century BCE, Socrates and Plato made substantial advances in the development of ancient Greek philosophy. <span>In the East, three schools of thought would dominate Chinese thinking well into the 20th century. These were Taoism, Legalism, and Confucianism. The Confucian tradition, which would become particularly dominant, looked for political morality not to the force of law but to the power and example of tradition. Confucianism would la







In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China
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istinguish Byzantium from its earlier incarnation because it was centred on Constantinople, oriented towards Greek rather than Latin culture, and characterised by Eastern Orthodox Christianity. <span>In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China, was followed by the Han Empire (206 BCE – 220 CE). The Han dynasty was comparable in power and influence to the Roman Empire that lay at the other end of the Silk Road. Han China devel




Flashcard 7104360221964

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In China, the [...] (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China
Answer

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In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China

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istinguish Byzantium from its earlier incarnation because it was centred on Constantinople, oriented towards Greek rather than Latin culture, and characterised by Eastern Orthodox Christianity. <span>In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China, was followed by the Han Empire (206 BCE – 220 CE). The Han dynasty was comparable in power and influence to the Roman Empire that lay at the other end of the Silk Road. Han China devel







In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China , was followed by the Han Empire (206 BCE – 220 CE).
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istinguish Byzantium from its earlier incarnation because it was centred on Constantinople, oriented towards Greek rather than Latin culture, and characterised by Eastern Orthodox Christianity. <span>In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China, was followed by the Han Empire (206 BCE – 220 CE). The Han dynasty was comparable in power and influence to the Roman Empire that lay at the other end of the Silk Road. Han China developed advanced cartography, shipbuilding, and navigat




Flashcard 7104363891980

Question
In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China , was followed by the [...] (206 BCE – 220 CE).
Answer

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In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China , was followed by the Han Empire (206 BCE – 220 CE).

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istinguish Byzantium from its earlier incarnation because it was centred on Constantinople, oriented towards Greek rather than Latin culture, and characterised by Eastern Orthodox Christianity. <span>In China, the Qin dynasty (221–206 BCE), the first imperial dynasty of China, was followed by the Han Empire (206 BCE – 220 CE). The Han dynasty was comparable in power and influence to the Roman Empire that lay at the other end of the Silk Road. Han China developed advanced cartography, shipbuilding, and navigat







In Africa, the Kingdom of Aksum, centred in present-day Ethiopia, established itself by the 1st century CE as a major trading empire, dominating its neighbours in South Arabia and Kush and controlling the Red Sea trade.
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ing the Classical Period, Han China advanced significantly in the areas of government, education, mathematics, astronomy, technology, and many others.[97] Maya observatory, Chichen Itza, Mexico <span>In Africa, the Kingdom of Aksum, centred in present-day Ethiopia, established itself by the 1st century CE as a major trading empire, dominating its neighbours in South Arabia and Kush and controlling the Red Sea trade. It minted its own currency and carved enormous monolithic stelae to mark its emperors' graves.[98] Successful regional empires were also established in the Americas, arising from cultur




Flashcard 7104367561996

Question
In Africa, the [...], centred in present-day Ethiopia, established itself by the 1st century CE as a major trading empire, dominating its neighbours in South Arabia and Kush and controlling the Red Sea trade.
Answer
Kingdom of Aksum

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In Africa, the Kingdom of Aksum, centred in present-day Ethiopia, established itself by the 1st century CE as a major trading empire, dominating its neighbours in South Arabia and Kush and controlling the Red Sea trad

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ing the Classical Period, Han China advanced significantly in the areas of government, education, mathematics, astronomy, technology, and many others.[97] Maya observatory, Chichen Itza, Mexico <span>In Africa, the Kingdom of Aksum, centred in present-day Ethiopia, established itself by the 1st century CE as a major trading empire, dominating its neighbours in South Arabia and Kush and controlling the Red Sea trade. It minted its own currency and carved enormous monolithic stelae to mark its emperors' graves.[98] Successful regional empires were also established in the Americas, arising from cultur







Jericho is claimed to be the oldest city in the world
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rdan from 1949 to 1967 and, with the rest of the West Bank, has been subject to Israeli occupation since 1967; administrative control was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994.[5][6] <span>Jericho is claimed to be the oldest city in the world,[7][8][9] and it is also the city with the oldest known protective wall.[10] Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of wh




Flashcard 7104373067020

Question
[...] is claimed to be the oldest city in the world
Answer
Jericho

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Jericho is claimed to be the oldest city in the world

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Jericho - Wikipedia
rdan from 1949 to 1967 and, with the rest of the West Bank, has been subject to Israeli occupation since 1967; administrative control was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994.[5][6] <span>Jericho is claimed to be the oldest city in the world,[7][8][9] and it is also the city with the oldest known protective wall.[10] Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of wh







Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of which dates back 11,000 years (to 9000 BCE)
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ol was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994.[5][6] Jericho is claimed to be the oldest city in the world,[7][8][9] and it is also the city with the oldest known protective wall.[10] <span>Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of which dates back 11,000 years (to 9000 BCE),[11][12] almost to the very beginning of the Holocene epoch of the Earth's history.[13][14] Copious springs in and around the city have attracted human habitation for thousands of years




Flashcard 7104376212748

Question
Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of which dates back [...]
Answer
11,000 years (to 9000 BCE)

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Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of which dates back 11,000 years (to 9000 BCE)

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Jericho - Wikipedia
ol was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994.[5][6] Jericho is claimed to be the oldest city in the world,[7][8][9] and it is also the city with the oldest known protective wall.[10] <span>Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of more than 20 successive settlements in Jericho, the first of which dates back 11,000 years (to 9000 BCE),[11][12] almost to the very beginning of the Holocene epoch of the Earth's history.[13][14] Copious springs in and around the city have attracted human habitation for thousands of years







Jericho is described in the Bible as the "city of palm trees".[
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E),[11][12] almost to the very beginning of the Holocene epoch of the Earth's history.[13][14] Copious springs in and around the city have attracted human habitation for thousands of years.[15] <span>Jericho is described in the Bible as the "city of palm trees".[16] Contents 1 Etymology 2 History and archaeology 2.1 Stone Age: Tell es-Sultan and spring 2.1.1 Natufian hunter-gatherers, c. 10,000 BCE 2.1.2 Pre-Pottery Neolithic, c. 9500–6500 BCE 2




Flashcard 7104379358476

Question
Jericho is described in the Bible as the "[...]".[
Answer
city of palm trees

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Jericho is described in the Bible as the "city of palm trees".[

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Jericho - Wikipedia
E),[11][12] almost to the very beginning of the Holocene epoch of the Earth's history.[13][14] Copious springs in and around the city have attracted human habitation for thousands of years.[15] <span>Jericho is described in the Bible as the "city of palm trees".[16] Contents 1 Etymology 2 History and archaeology 2.1 Stone Age: Tell es-Sultan and spring 2.1.1 Natufian hunter-gatherers, c. 10,000 BCE 2.1.2 Pre-Pottery Neolithic, c. 9500–6500 BCE 2







Jericho has evidence of settlement dating back to 10,000 BCE. During the Younger Dryas period of cold and drought, permanent habitation of any one location was impossible. However, the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them.
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ppears to predate the invention of agriculture, with the construction of Natufian culture structures beginning earlier than 9000 BCE, the beginning of the Holocene epoch in geologic history.[9] <span>Jericho has evidence of settlement dating back to 10,000 BCE. During the Younger Dryas period of cold and drought, permanent habitation of any one location was impossible. However, the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them.[23] Around 9600 BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leadi




Flashcard 7104382504204

Question
Jericho has evidence of settlement dating back to 10,000 BCE. During the Younger Dryas period of cold and drought, permanent habitation of any one location was impossible. However, the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for [...] hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them.
Answer
Natufian

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ounger Dryas period of cold and drought, permanent habitation of any one location was impossible. However, the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for <span>Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them. <span>

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
ppears to predate the invention of agriculture, with the construction of Natufian culture structures beginning earlier than 9000 BCE, the beginning of the Holocene epoch in geologic history.[9] <span>Jericho has evidence of settlement dating back to 10,000 BCE. During the Younger Dryas period of cold and drought, permanent habitation of any one location was impossible. However, the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them.[23] Around 9600 BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leadi







Around 9600 BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leading to year-round habitation and permanent settlement.
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the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them.[23] <span>Around 9600 BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leading to year-round habitation and permanent settlement.[citation needed] Pre-Pottery Neolithic, c. 9500–6500 BCE Further information: Tell es-Sultan and Tower of Jericho Dwelling foundations unearthed at Tell es-Sultan in Jericho The Pre-Pot




Flashcard 7104385649932

Question
Around [...] BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leading to year-round habitation and permanent settlement.
Answer
9600

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Around 9600 BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leading to year-round

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
the Ein es-Sultan spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent-shaped microlith tools behind them.[23] <span>Around 9600 BCE, the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leading to year-round habitation and permanent settlement.[citation needed] Pre-Pottery Neolithic, c. 9500–6500 BCE Further information: Tell es-Sultan and Tower of Jericho Dwelling foundations unearthed at Tell es-Sultan in Jericho The Pre-Pot







The earliest excavated settlement was located at the present-day Tell es-Sultan (or Sultan's Hill),
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Bronze Age southern Lower Town and Palace G on the eastern flanks of the Spring Hill overlooking the Spring of 'Ain es-Sultan dating from Early Bronze III. Stone Age: Tell es-Sultan and spring <span>The earliest excavated settlement was located at the present-day Tell es-Sultan (or Sultan's Hill), a couple of kilometers from the current city. In both Arabic and Hebrew, tell means "mound" – consecutive layers of habitation built up a mound over time, as is common for ancient settl




Flashcard 7104388795660

Question
The earliest excavated settlement was located at the present-day [...] (or Sultan's Hill),

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The earliest excavated settlement was located at the present-day Tell es-Sultan (or Sultan's Hill),

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Jericho - Wikipedia
Bronze Age southern Lower Town and Palace G on the eastern flanks of the Spring Hill overlooking the Spring of 'Ain es-Sultan dating from Early Bronze III. Stone Age: Tell es-Sultan and spring <span>The earliest excavated settlement was located at the present-day Tell es-Sultan (or Sultan's Hill), a couple of kilometers from the current city. In both Arabic and Hebrew, tell means "mound" – consecutive layers of habitation built up a mound over time, as is common for ancient settl







As the world warmed up, a new culture based on agriculture and sedentary dwelling emerged, which archaeologists have termed "Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" (abbreviated as PPNA). Its cultures lacked pottery, but featured the following:[ citation needed ]

  • small circular dwellings
  • burial of the dead under the floor of buildings
  • reliance on hunting of wild game
  • cultivation of wild or domestic cereals
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arch 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The first permanent settlement on the site of Jericho developed near the Ein es-Sultan spring between 9,500 and 9000 BCE.[24][25] <span>As the world warmed up, a new culture based on agriculture and sedentary dwelling emerged, which archaeologists have termed "Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" (abbreviated as PPNA). Its cultures lacked pottery, but featured the following:[citation needed] small circular dwellings burial of the dead under the floor of buildings reliance on hunting of wild game cultivation of wild or domestic cereals Head of an ancestor statue, Jericho, from c. 9000 years ago, among the oldest representations of a human face ever found. Rockefeller Archeological Museum, Jerusalem.[26] At Jericho, ci




Flashcard 7104391941388

Question

As the world warmed up, a new culture based on agriculture and sedentary dwelling emerged, which archaeologists have termed [...] Its cultures lacked pottery, but featured the following:[ citation needed ]

  • small circular dwellings
  • burial of the dead under the floor of buildings
  • reliance on hunting of wild game
  • cultivation of wild or domestic cereals
Answer
"Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" (abbreviated as PPNA).

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As the world warmed up, a new culture based on agriculture and sedentary dwelling emerged, which archaeologists have termed "Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" (abbreviated as PPNA). Its cultures lacked pottery, but featured the following:[ citation needed ] small circular dwellings burial of the dead under the floor of buildings reliance on hunting of wild game cul

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
arch 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The first permanent settlement on the site of Jericho developed near the Ein es-Sultan spring between 9,500 and 9000 BCE.[24][25] <span>As the world warmed up, a new culture based on agriculture and sedentary dwelling emerged, which archaeologists have termed "Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" (abbreviated as PPNA). Its cultures lacked pottery, but featured the following:[citation needed] small circular dwellings burial of the dead under the floor of buildings reliance on hunting of wild game cultivation of wild or domestic cereals Head of an ancestor statue, Jericho, from c. 9000 years ago, among the oldest representations of a human face ever found. Rockefeller Archeological Museum, Jerusalem.[26] At Jericho, ci







At Jericho, circular dwellings were built of clay and straw bricks left to dry in the sun, which were plastered together with a mud mortar. Each house measured about 5 metres (16 ft) across, and was roofed with mud-smeared brush. Hearths were located within and outside the homes.
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ld or domestic cereals Head of an ancestor statue, Jericho, from c. 9000 years ago, among the oldest representations of a human face ever found. Rockefeller Archeological Museum, Jerusalem.[26] <span>At Jericho, circular dwellings were built of clay and straw bricks left to dry in the sun, which were plastered together with a mud mortar. Each house measured about 5 metres (16 ft) across, and was roofed with mud-smeared brush. Hearths were located within and outside the homes.[27] The 8000 BCE Tower of Jericho at Tell es-Sultan The Pre-Sultan (c. 8350 – 7370 BCE)[dubious – discuss] is sometimes called Sultanian. The site is a 40,000 square metres (430,000 sq




Flashcard 7104395087116

Question
At Jericho, circular dwellings were built of [...] which were plastered together with a mud mortar. Each house measured about 5 metres (16 ft) across, and was roofed with mud-smeared brush. Hearths were located within and outside the homes.
Answer
clay and straw bricks left to dry in the sun,

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At Jericho, circular dwellings were built of clay and straw bricks left to dry in the sun, which were plastered together with a mud mortar. Each house measured about 5 metres (16 ft) across, and was roofed with mud-smeared brush. Hearths were located within and outside the ho

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
ld or domestic cereals Head of an ancestor statue, Jericho, from c. 9000 years ago, among the oldest representations of a human face ever found. Rockefeller Archeological Museum, Jerusalem.[26] <span>At Jericho, circular dwellings were built of clay and straw bricks left to dry in the sun, which were plastered together with a mud mortar. Each house measured about 5 metres (16 ft) across, and was roofed with mud-smeared brush. Hearths were located within and outside the homes.[27] The 8000 BCE Tower of Jericho at Tell es-Sultan The Pre-Sultan (c. 8350 – 7370 BCE)[dubious – discuss] is sometimes called Sultanian. The site is a 40,000 square metres (430,000 sq







The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) was a period of about 1.4 millennia, from 7220 to 5850 BCE[ clarification needed ] (though carbon-14-dates are few and early). The following are PPNB cultural features:[ citation needed ]

  • Expanded range of domesticated plants
  • Possible domestication of sheep
  • Apparent cult involving the preservation of human skulls, with facial features reconstructed using plaster, and eyes set with shells in some cases
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on. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) was a period of about 1.4 millennia, from 7220 to 5850 BCE[clarification needed] (though carbon-14-dates are few and early). The following are PPNB cultural features:[citation needed] Expanded range of domesticated plants Possible domestication of sheep Apparent cult involving the preservation of human skulls, with facial features reconstructed using plaster, and eyes set with shells in some cases Area of the fertile crescent, c. 7500 BC, with main sites. Jericho was a foremost site of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. The area of Mesopotamia proper was not yet settled by humans.




Flashcard 7104398232844

Question

[...] was a period of about 1.4 millennia, from 7220 to 5850 BCE[ clarification needed ] (though carbon-14-dates are few and early). The following are PPNB cultural features:[ citation needed ]

  • Expanded range of domesticated plants
  • Possible domestication of sheep
  • Apparent cult involving the preservation of human skulls, with facial features reconstructed using plaster, and eyes set with shells in some cases
Answer
The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB)

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The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) was a period of about 1.4 millennia, from 7220 to 5850 BCE[ clarification needed ] (though carbon-14-dates are few and early). The following are PPNB cultural features:[ citation needed

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
on. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) <span>The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) was a period of about 1.4 millennia, from 7220 to 5850 BCE[clarification needed] (though carbon-14-dates are few and early). The following are PPNB cultural features:[citation needed] Expanded range of domesticated plants Possible domestication of sheep Apparent cult involving the preservation of human skulls, with facial features reconstructed using plaster, and eyes set with shells in some cases Area of the fertile crescent, c. 7500 BC, with main sites. Jericho was a foremost site of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. The area of Mesopotamia proper was not yet settled by humans.







After a few centuries, the first settlement was abandoned. After the PPNA settlement phase, there was a settlement hiatus of several centuries, then the PPNB settlement was founded on the eroded surface of the tell. This second settlement, established in 6800 BCE, perhaps represents the work of an invading people who absorbed the original inhabitants into their dominant culture.
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e cases Area of the fertile crescent, c. 7500 BC, with main sites. Jericho was a foremost site of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. The area of Mesopotamia proper was not yet settled by humans. <span>After a few centuries, the first settlement was abandoned. After the PPNA settlement phase, there was a settlement hiatus of several centuries, then the PPNB settlement was founded on the eroded surface of the tell. This second settlement, established in 6800 BCE, perhaps represents the work of an invading people who absorbed the original inhabitants into their dominant culture. Artifacts dating from this period include ten plastered human skulls, painted so as to reconstitute the individuals' features.[18] These represent either teraphim or the first example o




Flashcard 7104401378572

Question
After a few centuries, the first settlement was abandoned. After the PPNA settlement phase, there was a settlement hiatus of several centuries, then the PPNB settlement was founded on the eroded surface of the tell. This second settlement, established in [...] BCE, perhaps represents the work of an invading people who absorbed the original inhabitants into their dominant culture.
Answer
6800

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ter the PPNA settlement phase, there was a settlement hiatus of several centuries, then the PPNB settlement was founded on the eroded surface of the tell. This second settlement, established in <span>6800 BCE, perhaps represents the work of an invading people who absorbed the original inhabitants into their dominant culture. <span>

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
e cases Area of the fertile crescent, c. 7500 BC, with main sites. Jericho was a foremost site of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. The area of Mesopotamia proper was not yet settled by humans. <span>After a few centuries, the first settlement was abandoned. After the PPNA settlement phase, there was a settlement hiatus of several centuries, then the PPNB settlement was founded on the eroded surface of the tell. This second settlement, established in 6800 BCE, perhaps represents the work of an invading people who absorbed the original inhabitants into their dominant culture. Artifacts dating from this period include ten plastered human skulls, painted so as to reconstitute the individuals' features.[18] These represent either teraphim or the first example o







During the Middle Bronze Age, Jericho was a small prominent city of the Canaan region, reaching its greatest Bronze Age extent in the period from 1700 to 1550 BCE.
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rs, and possessed an extensive cemetery with vertical shaft-tombs and underground burial chambers; the elaborate funeral offerings in some of these may reflect the emergence of local kings.[37] <span>During the Middle Bronze Age, Jericho was a small prominent city of the Canaan region, reaching its greatest Bronze Age extent in the period from 1700 to 1550 BCE. It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of




It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the Mitannite state to the north.
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emergence of local kings.[37] During the Middle Bronze Age, Jericho was a small prominent city of the Canaan region, reaching its greatest Bronze Age extent in the period from 1700 to 1550 BCE. <span>It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the Mitannite state to the north. Kathleen Kenyon reported "the Middle Bronze Age is perhaps the most prosperous in the whole history of Kna'an. ... The defenses ... belong to a fairly advanced date in that period" and




Flashcard 7104408194316

Question
It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the [...], a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the Mitannite state to the north.
Answer
Maryannu

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It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the Mitannite state to the north.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
emergence of local kings.[37] During the Middle Bronze Age, Jericho was a small prominent city of the Canaan region, reaching its greatest Bronze Age extent in the period from 1700 to 1550 BCE. <span>It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the Mitannite state to the north. Kathleen Kenyon reported "the Middle Bronze Age is perhaps the most prosperous in the whole history of Kna'an. ... The defenses ... belong to a fairly advanced date in that period" and







Flashcard 7104409767180

Question
It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the [...] state to the north.
Answer
Mitannite

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an> It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the <span>Mitannite state to the north. <span>

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
emergence of local kings.[37] During the Middle Bronze Age, Jericho was a small prominent city of the Canaan region, reaching its greatest Bronze Age extent in the period from 1700 to 1550 BCE. <span>It seems to have reflected the greater urbanization in the area at that time, and has been linked to the rise of the Maryannu, a class of chariot-using aristocrats linked to the rise of the Mitannite state to the north. Kathleen Kenyon reported "the Middle Bronze Age is perhaps the most prosperous in the whole history of Kna'an. ... The defenses ... belong to a fairly advanced date in that period" and







Tell es-Sultan remained unoccupied from the end of the 15th to the 10th–9th centuries BCE, when the city was rebuilt.[41][40][42] Of this new city not much more remains than a four-room house on the eastern slope.[43] By the 7th century, Jericho had become an extensive town, but this settlement was destroyed in the Babylonian conquest of Judah in the late 6th century.[41]
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ence of a small settlement in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400s BCE) on the site, but erosion and destruction from previous excavations have erased significant parts of this layer.[39][40] Iron Age <span>Tell es-Sultan remained unoccupied from the end of the 15th to the 10th–9th centuries BCE, when the city was rebuilt.[41][40][42] Of this new city not much more remains than a four-room house on the eastern slope.[43] By the 7th century, Jericho had become an extensive town, but this settlement was destroyed in the Babylonian conquest of Judah in the late 6th century.[41] Persian and Early Hellenistic periods After the destruction of the Judahite city by the Babylonians in the late 6th century,[41] whatever was rebuilt in the Persian period as part of th




Flashcard 7104412912908

Question
Tell es-Sultan remained unoccupied from the end of the 15th to the 10th–9th centuries BCE, when the city was rebuilt.[41][40][42] Of this new city not much more remains than a four-room house on the eastern slope.[43] By the 7th century, Jericho had become an extensive town, but this settlement was destroyed in the [...] in the late 6th century.[41]
Answer
Babylonian conquest of Judah

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0][42] Of this new city not much more remains than a four-room house on the eastern slope.[43] By the 7th century, Jericho had become an extensive town, but this settlement was destroyed in the <span>Babylonian conquest of Judah in the late 6th century.[41] <span>

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Jericho - Wikipedia
ence of a small settlement in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400s BCE) on the site, but erosion and destruction from previous excavations have erased significant parts of this layer.[39][40] Iron Age <span>Tell es-Sultan remained unoccupied from the end of the 15th to the 10th–9th centuries BCE, when the city was rebuilt.[41][40][42] Of this new city not much more remains than a four-room house on the eastern slope.[43] By the 7th century, Jericho had become an extensive town, but this settlement was destroyed in the Babylonian conquest of Judah in the late 6th century.[41] Persian and Early Hellenistic periods After the destruction of the Judahite city by the Babylonians in the late 6th century,[41] whatever was rebuilt in the Persian period as part of th







After the destruction of the Judahite city by the Babylonians in the late 6th century,[41] whatever was rebuilt in the Persian period as part of the Restoration after the Babylonian captivity, left only very few remains.[43] The tell was abandoned as a place of settlement not long after this period.
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y the 7th century, Jericho had become an extensive town, but this settlement was destroyed in the Babylonian conquest of Judah in the late 6th century.[41] Persian and Early Hellenistic periods <span>After the destruction of the Judahite city by the Babylonians in the late 6th century,[41] whatever was rebuilt in the Persian period as part of the Restoration after the Babylonian captivity, left only very few remains.[43] The tell was abandoned as a place of settlement not long after this period.[43] During the Persian through Hellenistic periods, there is little in terms of occupation attested throughout the region.[41] Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud




Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to
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was abandoned as a place of settlement not long after this period.[43] During the Persian through Hellenistic periods, there is little in terms of occupation attested throughout the region.[41] <span>Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under He




Flashcard 7104419204364

Question
Jericho went from being an administrative centre of [...] under Persian rule to
Answer
Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah")

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Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to

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Jericho - Wikipedia
was abandoned as a place of settlement not long after this period.[43] During the Persian through Hellenistic periods, there is little in terms of occupation attested throughout the region.[41] <span>Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under He







Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.
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was abandoned as a place of settlement not long after this period.[43] During the Persian through Hellenistic periods, there is little in terms of occupation attested throughout the region.[41] <span>Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire, when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen




Flashcard 7104422350092

Question
Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of [...] between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.

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Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
was abandoned as a place of settlement not long after this period.[43] During the Persian through Hellenistic periods, there is little in terms of occupation attested throughout the region.[41] <span>Jericho went from being an administrative centre of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire, when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen







In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire
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of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] <span>In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire, when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the




Flashcard 7104425495820

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In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the [...]

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In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire

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of Yehud Medinata ("the Province of Judah") under Persian rule to serving as the private estate of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] <span>In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire, when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the







when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45]
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of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire, <span>when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45] Hasmonean and Herodian periods After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was establi




Flashcard 7104428641548

Question
when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the [...].[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45]
Answer

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when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45]

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
of Alexander the Great between 336 and 323 BCE after his conquest of the region.[citation needed] In the middle of the 2nd century BCE Jericho was under Hellenistic rule of the Seleucid Empire, <span>when the Syrian General Bacchides built a number of forts to strengthen the defences of the area around Jericho against the revolt by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45] Hasmonean and Herodian periods After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was establi







After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was established as a garden city in the vicinity of the royal estate at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.
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t by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45] Hasmonean and Herodian periods <span>After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was established as a garden city in the vicinity of the royal estate at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who r




Flashcard 7104431787276

Question
After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was established as a [...] city in the vicinity of the royal estate at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.
Answer
garden

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After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was established as a garden city in the vicinity of the royal estate at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
t by the Macabees.[44] One of these forts, built at the entrance to Wadi Qelt, was later refortified by Herod the Great, who named it Kypros after his mother.[45] Hasmonean and Herodian periods <span>After the abandonment of the Tell es-Sultan location, the new Jericho of the Late Hellenistic or Hasmonean and Early Roman or Herodian periods was established as a garden city in the vicinity of the royal estate at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who r







The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi,
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at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] <span>The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.[46] The rock-cut tombs of a Herodia




Flashcard 7104434933004

Question
The [...] were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi,
Answer
Hasmoneans

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The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi,

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Jericho - Wikipedia
at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] <span>The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.[46] The rock-cut tombs of a Herodia







The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group ( kohanim ) from the tribe of Levi , who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.
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at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] <span>The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.[46] The rock-cut tombs of a Herodian- and Hasmonean-era cemetery lie in the lowest part of the cliffs between Nuseib al-Aweishireh and Mount of Temptation. They date between 100 BCE and




Flashcard 7104438078732

Question
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group ( kohanim ) from the [...] , who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.

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The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group ( kohanim ) from the tribe of Levi , who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] <span>The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.[46] The rock-cut tombs of a Herodian- and Hasmonean-era cemetery lie in the lowest part of the cliffs between Nuseib al-Aweishireh and Mount of Temptation. They date between 100 BCE and







Flashcard 7104439651596

Question
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group ( kohanim ) from the tribe of Levi , who ruled over Judea following the success of the [...] until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.
Answer
Maccabean Revolt

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The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group ( kohanim ) from the tribe of Levi , who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
at Tulul Abu el-'Alayiq and expanded greatly thanks to the intensive exploitation of the springs of the area.[43] The new site consists of a group of low mounds on both banks of Wadi Qelt.[41] <span>The Hasmoneans were a dynasty descending from a priestly group (kohanim) from the tribe of Levi, who ruled over Judea following the success of the Maccabean Revolt until Roman influence over the region brought Herod to claim the Hasmonean throne.[46] The rock-cut tombs of a Herodian- and Hasmonean-era cemetery lie in the lowest part of the cliffs between Nuseib al-Aweishireh and Mount of Temptation. They date between 100 BCE and







Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from Cleopatra, after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift.
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nean-era cemetery lie in the lowest part of the cliffs between Nuseib al-Aweishireh and Mount of Temptation. They date between 100 BCE and 68 CE.[45] Herodian period Remains from Herod's palace <span>Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from Cleopatra, after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift. After their joint suicide in 30 BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain. Herod's rule oversaw




Flashcard 7104442797324

Question
Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from [...], after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift.
Answer

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Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from Cleopatra, after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
nean-era cemetery lie in the lowest part of the cliffs between Nuseib al-Aweishireh and Mount of Temptation. They date between 100 BCE and 68 CE.[45] Herodian period Remains from Herod's palace <span>Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from Cleopatra, after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift. After their joint suicide in 30 BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain. Herod's rule oversaw







After their joint suicide in 30 BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain.
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e between 100 BCE and 68 CE.[45] Herodian period Remains from Herod's palace Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from Cleopatra, after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift. <span>After their joint suicide in 30 BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain. Herod's rule oversaw the construction of a hippodrome-theatre (Tell es-Samrat) to entertain his guests and new aqueducts to irrigate the area below the cliffs and reach his winter palac




Flashcard 7104445943052

Question
After their joint suicide in [...] BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain.
Answer
30

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After their joint suicide in 30 BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
e between 100 BCE and 68 CE.[45] Herodian period Remains from Herod's palace Herod had to lease back the royal estate at Jericho from Cleopatra, after Mark Antony had given it to her as a gift. <span>After their joint suicide in 30 BCE, Octavian assumed control of the Roman Empire and granted Herod absolute rule over Jericho, as part of the new Herodian domain. Herod's rule oversaw the construction of a hippodrome-theatre (Tell es-Samrat) to entertain his guests and new aqueducts to irrigate the area below the cliffs and reach his winter palac







Herod was succeeded in Judea by his son, Herod Archelaus, who built a village in his name not far to the north, Archelaïs (modern Khirbet al-Beiyudat), to house workers for his date plantation.
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mother-in-law. After the construction of the palaces, the city had functioned not only as an agricultural center and as a crossroad, but also as a winter resort for Jerusalem's aristocracy.[48] <span>Herod was succeeded in Judea by his son, Herod Archelaus, who built a village in his name not far to the north, Archelaïs (modern Khirbet al-Beiyudat), to house workers for his date plantation.[citation needed] First-century Jericho is described in Strabo's Geography as follows: Jericho is a plain surrounded by a kind of mountainous country, which in a way, slopes toward it li




After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE
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e descendant of Rahab did not disdain the hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan."[51] Roman province <span>After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citati




Flashcard 7104452234508

Question
After the fall of Jerusalem to [...] in 70 CE
Answer
Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea

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After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE

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Jericho - Wikipedia
e descendant of Rahab did not disdain the hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan."[51] Roman province <span>After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citati







Flashcard 7104453807372

Question
After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in [...]
Answer
70 CE

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After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE

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Jericho - Wikipedia
e descendant of Rahab did not disdain the hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan."[51] Roman province <span>After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citati







Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.
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between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan."[51] Roman province After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, <span>Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6t




Flashcard 7104456953100

Question
Jericho declined rapidly, and by [...] it was but a small Roman garrison town.
Answer
100 CE

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Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan."[51] Roman province After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, <span>Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6t







A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.
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"[51] Roman province After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] <span>A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6th–7th century CE Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter t




Flashcard 7104460098828

Question
A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the [...] in 133.

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A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
"[51] Roman province After the fall of Jerusalem to Vespasian's armies in the Great Revolt of Judea in 70 CE, Jericho declined rapidly, and by 100 CE it was but a small Roman garrison town.[52] <span>A fort was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6th–7th century CE Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter t







Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the Persian invasion of 614.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
rt was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6th–7th century CE <span>Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the Persian invasion of 614.[18] The Jericho synagogue in the Royal Maccabean winter palace at Jericho dates from 70 to 50 BCE. A synagogue dating to the late 6th or early 7th century CE was discovered in Jericho i




Flashcard 7104463244556

Question
Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the [...]

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ding St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the <span>Persian invasion of 614. <span>

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
rt was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6th–7th century CE <span>Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the Persian invasion of 614.[18] The Jericho synagogue in the Royal Maccabean winter palace at Jericho dates from 70 to 50 BCE. A synagogue dating to the late 6th or early 7th century CE was discovered in Jericho i







Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the Persian invasion of 614.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
rt was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6th–7th century CE <span>Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the Persian invasion of 614.[18] The Jericho synagogue in the Royal Maccabean winter palace at Jericho dates from 70 to 50 BCE. A synagogue dating to the late 6th or early 7th century CE was discovered in Jericho i




Flashcard 7104466390284

Question
Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the [...]

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ding St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the <span>Persian invasion of 614. <span>

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
rt was built there in 130 and played a role in putting down the Bar Kochba revolt in 133.[citation needed] Byzantine period Copy of Mosaic of the Shalom Al Yisrael Synagogue, 6th–7th century CE <span>Accounts of Jericho by a Christian pilgrim are given in 333. Shortly thereafter the built-up area of the town was abandoned and a Byzantine Jericho, Ericha, was built 1600 metres (1 mi) to the east, on which the modern town is centered.[52] Christianity took hold in the city during the Byzantine era and the area was heavily populated. A number of monasteries and churches were built, including St George of Koziba in 340 CE and a domed church dedicated to Saint Eliseus.[48] At least two synagogues were also built in the 6th century CE.[45] The monasteries were abandoned after the Persian invasion of 614.[18] The Jericho synagogue in the Royal Maccabean winter palace at Jericho dates from 70 to 50 BCE. A synagogue dating to the late 6th or early 7th century CE was discovered in Jericho i







Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).
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Jericho - Wikipedia
icho in 1918. While less is known of it than Shalom Al Yisrael, it has a larger mosaic and is in similar condition.[54] Early Muslim period Arabic Umayyad mosaic from Hisham's Palace in Jericho <span>Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visi




Flashcard 7104469536012

Question
Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of [...] ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).
Answer

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Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
icho in 1918. While less is known of it than Shalom Al Yisrael, it has a larger mosaic and is in similar condition.[54] Early Muslim period Arabic Umayyad mosaic from Hisham's Palace in Jericho <span>Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visi







Flashcard 7104471108876

Question
Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of [...]. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).
Answer
Bilad al-Sham

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Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
icho in 1918. While less is known of it than Shalom Al Yisrael, it has a larger mosaic and is in similar condition.[54] Early Muslim period Arabic Umayyad mosaic from Hisham's Palace in Jericho <span>Jericho, by then named "Ariha" in Arabic variation, became part of Jund Filastin ("Military District of Palestine"), part of the larger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visi







Muhammad ibn Abdullah[n 1] (Arabic: مُحَمَّد ٱبن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه , romanized: Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh , Classical Arabic pronunciation: [muˈħammad] ; c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE)[
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Muhammad - Wikipedia
of Muhammad Hadith of the pen and paper Ahl al-Bayt show Praise Salawat Naat Mawlid show Related Al-Masjid an-Nabawi Possessions Relics Seal History of Islam Islam portal Biography portal v t e <span>Muhammad ibn Abdullah[n 1] (Arabic: مُحَمَّد ٱبن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه, romanized: Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh, Classical Arabic pronunciation: [muˈħammad]; c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE)[1][2] was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of the world religion of Islam.[3] According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet divinely inspired to preach a




Flashcard 7104476089612

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Muhammad ibn Abdullah[n 1] (Arabic: مُحَمَّد ٱبن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه , romanized: Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh , Classical Arabic pronunciation: [muˈħammad] ; c. [...] CE)[
Answer
570 – 8 June 632

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Muhammad ibn Abdullah[n 1] (Arabic: مُحَمَّد ٱبن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه , romanized: Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh , Classical Arabic pronunciation: [muˈħammad] ; c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE)[

Original toplevel document

Muhammad - Wikipedia
of Muhammad Hadith of the pen and paper Ahl al-Bayt show Praise Salawat Naat Mawlid show Related Al-Masjid an-Nabawi Possessions Relics Seal History of Islam Islam portal Biography portal v t e <span>Muhammad ibn Abdullah[n 1] (Arabic: مُحَمَّد ٱبن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه, romanized: Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh, Classical Arabic pronunciation: [muˈħammad]; c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE)[1][2] was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of the world religion of Islam.[3] According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet divinely inspired to preach a







By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty.
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rger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] <span>By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shan




Flashcard 7104479235340

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By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the [...]
Answer

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By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
rger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] <span>By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shan







By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya , founder of the Umayyad dynasty . That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho. [56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shanty towns around the Dead Sea shore.[57]
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Jericho - Wikipedia
rger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] <span>By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shanty towns around the Dead Sea shore.[57] A palatial complex long attributed to the tenth Umayyad caliph, Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (r. 724–743) and thus known as Hisham's Palace, is located at Khirbet al-Mafjar, about 1.5 kilome




Flashcard 7104482381068

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By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya , founder of the Umayyad dynasty . That year, an [...] destroyed Jericho. [56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shanty towns around the Dead Sea shore.[57]
Answer
earthquake

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By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya , founder of the Umayyad dynasty . That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho. [56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shanty towns around the Dead

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
rger province of Bilad al-Sham. The Arab Muslim historian Musa b. 'Uqba (died 758) recorded that caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab exiled the Jews and Christians of Khaybar to Jericho (and Tayma).[55] <span>By 659, that district had come under the control of Mu'awiya, founder of the Umayyad dynasty. That year, an earthquake destroyed Jericho.[56] A decade later, the pilgrim Arculf visited Jericho and found it in ruins, all its "miserable Canaanite" inhabitants now dispersed in shanty towns around the Dead Sea shore.[57] A palatial complex long attributed to the tenth Umayyad caliph, Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (r. 724–743) and thus known as Hisham's Palace, is located at Khirbet al-Mafjar, about 1.5 kilome







Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
.[58] The remains of two mosques, a courtyard, mosaics, and other items can still be seen in situ today. The unfinished structure was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 747.[citation needed] <span>Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms".[59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the wa




Flashcard 7104485526796

Question
Umayyad rule ended in [...] and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties.
Answer
750

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Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
.[58] The remains of two mosques, a courtyard, mosaics, and other items can still be seen in situ today. The unfinished structure was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 747.[citation needed] <span>Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms".[59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the wa







Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
.[58] The remains of two mosques, a courtyard, mosaics, and other items can still be seen in situ today. The unfinished structure was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 747.[citation needed] <span>Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms".[59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the wa




Flashcard 7104488672524

Question
Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the [...]
Answer
Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties.

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Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties.

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
.[58] The remains of two mosques, a courtyard, mosaics, and other items can still be seen in situ today. The unfinished structure was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 747.[citation needed] <span>Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms".[59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the wa







Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms". [59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the water of Jericho is held to be the highest and best in all Islam. Bananas are plentiful, also dates and flowers of fragrant odor".[60] Jericho is also referred to by him as one of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61]

The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the Seljuk Turks, followed by the upheavals of the Crusades.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
.[58] The remains of two mosques, a courtyard, mosaics, and other items can still be seen in situ today. The unfinished structure was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 747.[citation needed] <span>Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms".[59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the water of Jericho is held to be the highest and best in all Islam. Bananas are plentiful, also dates and flowers of fragrant odor".[60] Jericho is also referred to by him as one of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61] The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the Seljuk Turks, followed by the upheavals of the Crusades.[citation needed] Crusader period In 1179, the Crusaders rebuilt the Monastery of St. George of Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built




Flashcard 7104491818252

Question

Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms". [59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the water of Jericho is held to be the highest and best in all Islam. Bananas are plentiful, also dates and flowers of fragrant odor".[60] Jericho is also referred to by him as one of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61]

The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the [...], followed by the upheavals of the Crusades.

Answer
Seljuk Turks

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ul, also dates and flowers of fragrant odor".[60] Jericho is also referred to by him as one of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61] The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the <span>Seljuk Turks, followed by the upheavals of the Crusades. <span>

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
.[58] The remains of two mosques, a courtyard, mosaics, and other items can still be seen in situ today. The unfinished structure was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 747.[citation needed] <span>Umayyad rule ended in 750 and was followed by the Arab caliphates of the Abbasid and Fatimid dynasties. Irrigated agriculture was developed under Islamic rule, reaffirming Jericho's reputation as a fertile "City of the Palms".[59] Al-Maqdisi, the Arab geographer, wrote in 985 that "the water of Jericho is held to be the highest and best in all Islam. Bananas are plentiful, also dates and flowers of fragrant odor".[60] Jericho is also referred to by him as one of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61] The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the Seljuk Turks, followed by the upheavals of the Crusades.[citation needed] Crusader period In 1179, the Crusaders rebuilt the Monastery of St. George of Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built







The Crusades were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The best known of these Crusades are those to the Holy Land in the period between 1095 and 1291 that were intended to recover Jerusalem and its surrounding area from Islamic rule.
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Crusades - Wikipedia
ndish Swedish 1150 1249 1293 Livonian Prussian Lithuanian Crusades against Christians Albigensian Drenther Stedinger Bosnian Bohemian Despenser's Hussite Popular crusades Reconquista (718–1492) <span>The Crusades were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The best known of these Crusades are those to the Holy Land in the period between 1095 and 1291 that were intended to recover Jerusalem and its surrounding area from Islamic rule. Concurrent military activities in the Iberian Peninsula against the Moors (the Reconquista) and in northern Europe against pagan West Slavic, Baltic, and Finnic peoples (the Northern Cr




Flashcard 7104496798988

Question
The Crusades were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The best known of these Crusades are those to the Holy Land in the period between [...] that were intended to recover Jerusalem and its surrounding area from Islamic rule.
Answer
1095 and 1291

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ries of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The best known of these Crusades are those to the Holy Land in the period between <span>1095 and 1291 that were intended to recover Jerusalem and its surrounding area from Islamic rule. <span>

Original toplevel document

Crusades - Wikipedia
ndish Swedish 1150 1249 1293 Livonian Prussian Lithuanian Crusades against Christians Albigensian Drenther Stedinger Bosnian Bohemian Despenser's Hussite Popular crusades Reconquista (718–1492) <span>The Crusades were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The best known of these Crusades are those to the Holy Land in the period between 1095 and 1291 that were intended to recover Jerusalem and its surrounding area from Islamic rule. Concurrent military activities in the Iberian Peninsula against the Moors (the Reconquista) and in northern Europe against pagan West Slavic, Baltic, and Finnic peoples (the Northern Cr







In 1179, the Crusaders rebuilt the Monastery of St. George of Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built another two churches and a monastery dedicated to John the Baptist, and are credited with introducing sugarcane production to the city.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
e of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61] The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the Seljuk Turks, followed by the upheavals of the Crusades.[citation needed] Crusader period <span>In 1179, the Crusaders rebuilt the Monastery of St. George of Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built another two churches and a monastery dedicated to John the Baptist, and are credited with introducing sugarcane production to the city.[62] The site of Tawahin es-Sukkar (lit. "sugar mills") holds remains of a Crusader sugar production facility. In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after




Flashcard 7104499944716

Question
In 1179, the Crusaders rebuilt the Monastery of St. George of Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built another two churches and a monastery dedicated to John the Baptist, and are credited with introducing [...] production to the city.
Answer

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Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built another two churches and a monastery dedicated to John the Baptist, and are credited with introducing <span>sugarcane production to the city. <span>

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Jericho - Wikipedia
e of the principal cities of Jund Filastin.[61] The city flourished until 1071 with the invasion of the Seljuk Turks, followed by the upheavals of the Crusades.[citation needed] Crusader period <span>In 1179, the Crusaders rebuilt the Monastery of St. George of Koziba, at its original site 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of town. They also built another two churches and a monastery dedicated to John the Baptist, and are credited with introducing sugarcane production to the city.[62] The site of Tawahin es-Sukkar (lit. "sugar mills") holds remains of a Crusader sugar production facility. In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after







In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18]
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Jericho - Wikipedia
hn the Baptist, and are credited with introducing sugarcane production to the city.[62] The site of Tawahin es-Sukkar (lit. "sugar mills") holds remains of a Crusader sugar production facility. <span>In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18] Ayyubid and Mamluk periods 14th-century map of Jericho in Farhi Bible In 1226, Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi said of Jericho, "it has many palm trees, also sugarcane in quantities, an




Flashcard 7104503090444

Question
In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the [...] after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18]
Answer
Ayyubid forces of Saladin

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In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18]

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Jericho - Wikipedia
hn the Baptist, and are credited with introducing sugarcane production to the city.[62] The site of Tawahin es-Sukkar (lit. "sugar mills") holds remains of a Crusader sugar production facility. <span>In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18] Ayyubid and Mamluk periods 14th-century map of Jericho in Farhi Bible In 1226, Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi said of Jericho, "it has many palm trees, also sugarcane in quantities, an







Flashcard 7104504663308

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In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the [...], and the town slowly went into decline.[18]

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In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18]

Original toplevel document

Jericho - Wikipedia
hn the Baptist, and are credited with introducing sugarcane production to the city.[62] The site of Tawahin es-Sukkar (lit. "sugar mills") holds remains of a Crusader sugar production facility. <span>In 1187, the Crusaders were evicted by the Ayyubid forces of Saladin after their victory in the Battle of Hattin, and the town slowly went into decline.[18] Ayyubid and Mamluk periods 14th-century map of Jericho in Farhi Bible In 1226, Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi said of Jericho, "it has many palm trees, also sugarcane in quantities, an







Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine,
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Jericho - Wikipedia
tury, Abu al-Fida writes there are sulfur mines in Jericho, "the only ones in Palestine".[63] Ottoman period Postcard image depicting Jericho in the late 19th or early 20th century 16th century <span>Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1545 a revenue of 19,000 Akçe was recorded, destined for the new Waqf for the Haseki Sultan Imaret of Jerusalem.[64] The villagers processed indigo as one source of revenue, usin




Flashcard 7104507809036

Question
Jericho was incorporated into the [...] in 1517 with all of Palestine,

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Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine,

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Jericho - Wikipedia
tury, Abu al-Fida writes there are sulfur mines in Jericho, "the only ones in Palestine".[63] Ottoman period Postcard image depicting Jericho in the late 19th or early 20th century 16th century <span>Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1545 a revenue of 19,000 Akçe was recorded, destined for the new Waqf for the Haseki Sultan Imaret of Jerusalem.[64] The villagers processed indigo as one source of revenue, usin







Flashcard 7104509381900

Question
Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in [...] with all of Palestine,
Answer
1517

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Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine,

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Jericho - Wikipedia
tury, Abu al-Fida writes there are sulfur mines in Jericho, "the only ones in Palestine".[63] Ottoman period Postcard image depicting Jericho in the late 19th or early 20th century 16th century <span>Jericho was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1545 a revenue of 19,000 Akçe was recorded, destined for the new Waqf for the Haseki Sultan Imaret of Jerusalem.[64] The villagers processed indigo as one source of revenue, usin







After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Jericho came under British rule, as part of Mandatory Palestine.
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the air in 1931 The Greek Orthodox monasteries of St. George of Choziba and John the Baptist were refounded and completed in 1901 and 1904, respectively.[18] British Mandate period Jericho 1938 <span>After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Jericho came under British rule, as part of Mandatory Palestine. According to the 1922 census of Palestine, Jericho had 1,029 inhabitants, consisting of 931 Muslims, 6 Jews and 92 Christians;[77] where the Christians were 45 Orthodox, 12 Roman Cathol




Flashcard 7104512527628

Question
After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Jericho came under [...] rule, as part of Mandatory Palestine.
Answer
British

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After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Jericho came under British rule, as part of Mandatory Palestine.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
the air in 1931 The Greek Orthodox monasteries of St. George of Choziba and John the Baptist were refounded and completed in 1901 and 1904, respectively.[18] British Mandate period Jericho 1938 <span>After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Jericho came under British rule, as part of Mandatory Palestine. According to the 1922 census of Palestine, Jericho had 1,029 inhabitants, consisting of 931 Muslims, 6 Jews and 92 Christians;[77] where the Christians were 45 Orthodox, 12 Roman Cathol







Jericho came under Jordanian control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
rtresses in Jericho with the help of the Jewish company Solel Boneh, and bridges were rigged with explosives in preparation for a possible invasion by German allied forces.[85] Jordanian period <span>Jericho came under Jordanian control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Jericho Conference, organized by King Abdullah and attended by over 2,000 Palestinian delegates in 1948 proclaimed "His Majesty Abdullah as King of all Palestine" and called for "th




Flashcard 7104515673356

Question
Jericho came under [...] control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
Answer
Jordanian

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Jericho came under Jordanian control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
rtresses in Jericho with the help of the Jewish company Solel Boneh, and bridges were rigged with explosives in preparation for a possible invasion by German allied forces.[85] Jordanian period <span>Jericho came under Jordanian control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Jericho Conference, organized by King Abdullah and attended by over 2,000 Palestinian delegates in 1948 proclaimed "His Majesty Abdullah as King of all Palestine" and called for "th







Flashcard 7104517246220

Question
Jericho came under Jordanian control after the [...]

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Jericho came under Jordanian control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
rtresses in Jericho with the help of the Jewish company Solel Boneh, and bridges were rigged with explosives in preparation for a possible invasion by German allied forces.[85] Jordanian period <span>Jericho came under Jordanian control after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Jericho Conference, organized by King Abdullah and attended by over 2,000 Palestinian delegates in 1948 proclaimed "His Majesty Abdullah as King of all Palestine" and called for "th







World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945.
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World War II - Wikipedia
II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9 Navigation Campaigns Countries Equipment Timeline Outline Lists Historiography Portal Category Bibliography v t e <span>World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great powers—forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers. In a total war directly




Flashcard 7104522226956

Question
World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from [...].
Answer
1939 to 1945

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World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945.

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World War II - Wikipedia
II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9 Navigation Campaigns Countries Equipment Timeline Outline Lists Historiography Portal Category Bibliography v t e <span>World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great powers—forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers. In a total war directly







In mid-1950, Jordan formally annexed the West Bank and Jericho residents, like other residents of West Bank localities became Jordanian citizens.
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Jericho - Wikipedia
er 2,000 Palestinian delegates in 1948 proclaimed "His Majesty Abdullah as King of all Palestine" and called for "the unification of Palestine and Transjordan as a step toward full Arab unity". <span>In mid-1950, Jordan formally annexed the West Bank and Jericho residents, like other residents of West Bank localities became Jordanian citizens.[86] In 1961, the population of Jericho was 10,166,[87] of whom 935 were Christian, and the rest were Muslim.[88] 1967, aftermath 2018 United Nations map of the area, showing the Israeli




Flashcard 7104525372684

Question
In mid-[...], Jordan formally annexed the West Bank and Jericho residents, like other residents of West Bank localities became Jordanian citizens.
Answer
1950

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In mid-1950, Jordan formally annexed the West Bank and Jericho residents, like other residents of West Bank localities became Jordanian citizens.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
er 2,000 Palestinian delegates in 1948 proclaimed "His Majesty Abdullah as King of all Palestine" and called for "the unification of Palestine and Transjordan as a step toward full Arab unity". <span>In mid-1950, Jordan formally annexed the West Bank and Jericho residents, like other residents of West Bank localities became Jordanian citizens.[86] In 1961, the population of Jericho was 10,166,[87] of whom 935 were Christian, and the rest were Muslim.[88] 1967, aftermath 2018 United Nations map of the area, showing the Israeli







Jericho has been occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967 along with the rest of the West Bank.
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population of Jericho was 10,166,[87] of whom 935 were Christian, and the rest were Muslim.[88] 1967, aftermath 2018 United Nations map of the area, showing the Israeli occupation arrangements <span>Jericho has been occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967 along with the rest of the West Bank. It was the first city handed over to Palestinian Authority control in accordance with the Oslo Accords.[89] The limited Palestinian self-rule of Jericho was agreed on in the Gaza–Jerich




Flashcard 7104528518412

Question
Jericho has been occupied by Israel since the [...] along with the rest of the West Bank.
Answer
Six-Day War of 1967

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Jericho has been occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967 along with the rest of the West Bank.

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Jericho - Wikipedia
population of Jericho was 10,166,[87] of whom 935 were Christian, and the rest were Muslim.[88] 1967, aftermath 2018 United Nations map of the area, showing the Israeli occupation arrangements <span>Jericho has been occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967 along with the rest of the West Bank. It was the first city handed over to Palestinian Authority control in accordance with the Oslo Accords.[89] The limited Palestinian self-rule of Jericho was agreed on in the Gaza–Jerich