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Flashcard 1425561488652

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#cfa-level #economics #microeconomics #reading-13-demand-and-supply-analysis-introduction #study-session-4
Question
Reading 14 addresses the [...] by individuals who make decisions to maximize the satisfaction they receive from present and future consumption.
Answer
demand for goods and services

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Reading 14 covers the theory of the consumer, which addresses the demand for goods and services by individuals who make decisions to maximize the satisfaction they receive from present and future consumption.

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Study Session 4
cribe the marketplace behavior of consumers and firms. Reading 13 explains the concepts and tools of demand and supply analysis—the study of how buyers and sellers interact to determine transaction prices and quantities. <span>Reading 14 covers the theory of the consumer, which addresses the demand for goods and services by individuals who make decisions to maximize the satisfaction they receive from present and future consumption. Reading 15 deals with the theory of the firm, focusing on the supply of goods and services by profit-maximizing firms. That reading provides the basis for understanding the c







Flashcard 1476207447308

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Are debits / credit system and spreadsheet based on what equation?
Answer

Assets = Liabilities + Owners’ equity


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APPENDIX 23: A DEBIT/CREDIT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM
ad> The main section of this reading presented a basic accounting system represented as a spreadsheet. An alternative system that underlies most manual and electronic accounting systems uses debits and credits. Both a spreadsheet and a debit/credit system are based on the basic accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Owners’ equity Early generations of accountants desired a system for recording transactions that maintained the balance of the accounting equation and avoided the use of negative numbers







Flashcard 1476239428876

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question

At any point in time, the balance in a T account is determined by [...] , [...] , and [...].

Answer
Adding the amounts on the left side
Adding the amounts on the right side


calculating the difference

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At any point in time, the balance in an account is determined by summing all the amounts on the left side of the account, summing all the amounts on the right side of the account, and calculating the difference. If the sum of amounts on the left side of the account is greater than the sum of amounts on the right side of the account, the account has a debit balance equal to the difference. If t

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APPENDIX 23: A DEBIT/CREDIT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM
the right side of the balance sheet (and accounting equation). Increases to liabilities and owners’ equity are recorded on the right side of a T-account; decreases to liabilities and owners’ equity are recorded on the left side. <span>At any point in time, the balance in an account is determined by summing all the amounts on the left side of the account, summing all the amounts on the right side of the account, and calculating the difference. If the sum of amounts on the left side of the account is greater than the sum of amounts on the right side of the account, the account has a debit balance equal to the difference. If the sum of amounts on the right side of the account is greater than the sum of amounts on the left side of the account, the account has a credit balance. A T-account is created for each asset account, liability account, and owners’ equity account. The collection of these T-accounts at the beginning of the year for a fictitio







Flashcard 1478049008908

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question

To which one of the 5 financial statement elements does Accrued Expenses belong?

Answer
Liabilities

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Accrued expenses arise when a company incurs expenses that have not yet been paid as of the end of an accounting period. Accrued expenses result in liabilities that usually require future cash payments. In the IAL illustration, the company had incurred wage expenses at month end, but the payment would not be made until af

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1478058708236

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Valuation adjustments are made to a company’s [...] or [...]— where required by accounting standards—
Answer
assets or liabilities

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Valuation adjustments are made to a company’s assets or liabilities—only where required by accounting standards—so that the accounting records reflect the current market value rather than the historical cost.

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1478066310412

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Some assets are shown at their historical cost (e.g., [...]).
Answer
Investment securities being held to maturity

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Some assets are shown at their historical cost (e.g., specific classes of investment securities being held to maturity).

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1478073126156

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Where valuation adjustment entries are required for assets, the basic pattern is the following for increases in assets:

An asset is increased with the other side of the equation being a gain on [...] or Increase to [...]
Answer
the income statement

other comprehensive income.

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Where valuation adjustment entries are required for assets, the basic pattern is the following for increases in assets: An asset is increased with the other side of the equation being a gain on the income statement or an increase to other comprehensive income. An asset is decreased : An asset is decreased with the other side of the equation being a loss on the income statement or a decrease to other comprehensive income.</s

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1478191615244

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics #summary
Question

Accruals are designed to [...] to the [...] for financial reporting purposes.

Answer
allocate activity

proper period

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tatement, statement of cash flows, and statement of owners’ equity. The statement of retained earnings is a component of the statement of owners’ equity. Accruals are a necessary part of the accounting process and are designed to <span>allocate activity to the proper period for financial reporting purposes. The results of the accounting process are financial reports that are used by managers, investors, creditors, analysts, and others in makin

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Summary
e basic accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Owners’ equity. The expanded accounting equation is Assets = Liabilities + Contributed capital + Beginning retained earnings + Revenue – Expenses – Dividends. <span>Business transactions are recorded in an accounting system that is based on the basic and expanded accounting equations. The accounting system tracks and summarizes data used to create financial statements: the balance sheet, income statement, statement of cash flows, and statement of owners’ equity. The statement of retained earnings is a component of the statement of owners’ equity. Accruals are a necessary part of the accounting process and are designed to allocate activity to the proper period for financial reporting purposes. The results of the accounting process are financial reports that are used by managers, investors, creditors, analysts, and others in making business decisions. An analyst uses the financial statements to make judgments on the financial health of a company. Company management can manipulate financial statements, and a perceptive analyst can use his or her understanding of financial statements to detect misrepresentations. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1478426234124

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-25-understanding-income-statement
Question
Net income also includes [...] and [...] that may not be in the ordinary activities of the business.
Answer
gains

losses

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Net income also includes gains and losses , which are increases and decreases in economic benefits, respectively, which may or may not arise in the ordinary activities of the business.

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2. COMPONENTS AND FORMAT OF THE INCOME STATEMENT
anone and €160 million is attributable to minority interests. For Kraft, $3,021 million of the net earnings amount is attributable to the shareholders of Kraft Foods and $7 million is attributable to the non-controlling interest. <span>Net income also includes gains and losses , which are increases and decreases in economic benefits, respectively, which may or may not arise in the ordinary activities of the business. For example, when a manufacturing company sells its products, these transactions are reported as revenue, and the costs incurred to generate these revenues are expenses and are presente







#biochem #biology #cell
In step 6, the enzyme glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase couples the energetically favorable oxidation of an aldehyde to the energetically unfavorable formation of a high-energy phosphate bond. At the same time, it enables energy to be stored in NADH. The formation of the high-energy phosphate bond is driven by the oxidation reaction, and the enzyme thereby acts like the “paddle wheel” coupler
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#biochem #biology #cell
Note that the C–H bond oxi- dation energy in step 6 drives the formation of both NADH and a high-energy phosphate bond. The breakage of the high-energy bond then drives ATP forma- tion
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#biochem #biology #cell
ATP can be formed readily from ADP when a reaction intermediate is formed with a phosphate bond of higher energy than the terminal phosphate bond in ATP.
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#biochem #biology #cell
To compensate for long periods of fasting, animals store fatty acids as fat droplets composed of water-insoluble triacylglycerols (also called triglycerides).
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#biochem #biology #cell
When cells need more ATP than they can generate from the food molecules taken in from the bloodstream, they break down glycogen in a reaction that produces glucose 1-phosphate, which is rapidly converted to glucose 6-phosphate for gly- colysis
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#biochem #biology #cell
he oxidation of a gram of fat releases about twice as much energy as the oxidation of a gram of glycogen
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#biochem #biology #cell
Moreover, glycogen differs from fat in binding a great deal of water, producing a sixfold difference in the actual mass of glycogen required to store the same amount of energy as fat.
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#biochem #biology #cell
If our main fuel reservoir had to be carried as glycogen instead of fat, body weight would increase by an average of about 60 pounds
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#biochem #biology #cell
The fats in plants are triacyl-glyc- erols (triglycerides), just like the fats in animals, and differ only in the types of fatty acids that predominate
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
The McCullo ch-Pitts Neuron ( , ) w as an early mo del McCullo ch and Pitts 1943 of brain function.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
This linear mo del (Mucollach-Piits Neuron model) could recognize tw o differen t categories of inputs b y testing whether f ( x w , ) is p ositiv e or negative. Of course, for the mo del to corresp ond to the desired definition of the categories, the w eigh ts needed to b e set correctly . These w eigh ts could b e set by the human op erator.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
The adaptiv e linear elemen t (AD ALINE), whic h dates from ab out the same time, simply returned the v alue of f ( x ) itself to predict a real num ber ( Widrow and Hoff 1960 , ), and could also learn to predict these num bers from data.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
The training algorithm used to adapt the weigh ts of the ADALINE w as a sp ecial case of an algorithm called sto c hastic gradien t descen t . Sligh tly mo dified versions of the sto c hastic gradien t descent algorithm remain the dominan t training algorithms for deep learning mo dels to da y .
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Mo dels based on the f ( x w , ) used b y the p erceptron and ADALINE are called linear mo dels . These mo dels remain some of the most widely used machine learning mo dels, though in man y cases they are tr aine d in different wa ys than the original mo dels were trained
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Linear mo dels hav e many limitations. Most famously , they cannot learn the X OR function,
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
m uc h of the mammalian brain might use a single algorithm to solve most of the differen t tasks that the brain solv es
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
The Neo cognitron ( F ukushima 1980 , ) in tro duced a p ow erful mo del architecture for pro cessing images that was inspired b y the structure of the mammalian visual system and later b ecame the basis for the mo dern conv olutional netw ork
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Most neural net w orks to da y are based on a model neuron called 9.10 the rectified linear unit .
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
The connectionists b egan to study mo dels of cognition that could actually b e grounded in neural implemen tations ( T ouretzky and Minton 1985 , ), reviving many ideas dating back to the work of psychologist Donald Hebb in the 1940s
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
The central idea in connectionism is that a large num ber of simple computational units can ac hiev e in telligen t behavior when net w ork ed together.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
distributed represen tation ( Hin ton et al. , 1986 ). This is the idea that each input to a system should b e represen ted b y man y features, and each feature should b e inv olved in the representation of many p ossible inputs.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
back-propagation algorithm ( Rumelhart et al. , ; , ). This algorithm has w axed and w aned in p opularity 1986a LeCun 1987 but as of this writing is currently the dominant approach to training deep mo dels.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Ho c hreiter and Sc hmidh ub er 1997 ( ) in tro duced the long short-term memory or LSTM net w ork to resolve some of these difficulties. T o da y , the LSTM is widely used for many sequence mo deling tasks, including many natural language pro cessing tasks at Go ogle
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A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade.
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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
What is a 'Letter Of Credit' <span>A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade. BREAKING DOWN 'Letter Of Credit' Because a letter of credit is typically a negotiable instrument, the issuing bank pays the beneficiary or any bank




With a letter of credit what happens In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase? the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase.
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A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of c

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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
What is a 'Letter Of Credit' <span>A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade. BREAKING DOWN 'Letter Of Credit' Because a letter of credit is typically a negotiable instrument, the issuing bank pays the beneficiary or any bank




Flashcard 1478593219852

Question
With a letter of credit what happens In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase? [...]
Answer
the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase.

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With a letter of credit what happens In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase? the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase.

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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
What is a 'Letter Of Credit' <span>A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade. BREAKING DOWN 'Letter Of Credit' Because a letter of credit is typically a negotiable instrument, the issuing bank pays the beneficiary or any bank







Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade.
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ng that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. <span>Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade.<span><body><html>

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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
What is a 'Letter Of Credit' <span>A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Due to the nature of international dealings, including factors such as distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party personally, the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade. BREAKING DOWN 'Letter Of Credit' Because a letter of credit is typically a negotiable instrument, the issuing bank pays the beneficiary or any bank




#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Biological neurons are not esp ecially densely connected. As seen in figure , 1.10 our mac hine learning mo dels hav e had a num ber of connections p er neuron that w as within an order of magnitude of even mammalian brains for decades
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Banks typically require a pledge of securities or cash as collateral for issuing a letter of credit.
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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
bank pays the beneficiary or any bank nominated by the beneficiary. If a letter of credit is transferrable, the beneficiary may assign another entity, such as a corporate parent or a third party, the right to draw. Funding a Letter of Credit <span>Banks typically require a pledge of securities or cash as collateral for issuing a letter of credit. Banks also collect a fee for service, typically a percentage of the size of the letter of credit. The International Chamber of Commerce Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Cred




Banks also collect a fee for service, typically a percentage of the size of the letter of credit.
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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
rrable, the beneficiary may assign another entity, such as a corporate parent or a third party, the right to draw. Funding a Letter of Credit Banks typically require a pledge of securities or cash as collateral for issuing a letter of credit. <span>Banks also collect a fee for service, typically a percentage of the size of the letter of credit. The International Chamber of Commerce Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits oversees letters of credit used in international transactions. Example of a Letter of Credit C




#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
In terms of the total n um ber of neurons, neural netw orks hav e b een astonishingly small until quite recently , as shown in figure . Since the introduction of hidden 1.11 units, artificial neural net w orks hav e doubled in size roughly every 2.4 years.
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A commercial letter of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary.
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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
ters of credit typically within two business days, guaranteeing payment by the confirming Citibank branch. This benefit is especially valuable when a client is located in a potentially unstable economic environment. Types of Letters of Credit <span>A commercial letter of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary. In contrast, a standby letter of credit is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot. A revolving letter of credit lets the customer




#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Unless new technologies allo w faster scaling, artificial neural netw orks will not hav e the same n um b er of neurons as the human brain un til at least the 2050s
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Flashcard 1478605016332

Question
A [...] of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary.
Answer
commercial letter

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A commercial letter of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary.

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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
ters of credit typically within two business days, guaranteeing payment by the confirming Citibank branch. This benefit is especially valuable when a client is located in a potentially unstable economic environment. Types of Letters of Credit <span>A commercial letter of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary. In contrast, a standby letter of credit is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot. A revolving letter of credit lets the customer







a standby letter of credit is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot.
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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
aluable when a client is located in a potentially unstable economic environment. Types of Letters of Credit A commercial letter of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary. In contrast, <span>a standby letter of credit is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot. A revolving letter of credit lets the customer make any number of draws within a certain limit during a specific time period. A traveler’s letter of credit guarantees the issuing banks




#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Ev en to day’s netw orks, whic h we consider quite large from a computational systems p oint of view, are smaller than the nervous system of even relativ ely primitiv e v ertebrate animals like frogs
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Flashcard 1478609210636

Question
a [...] is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot.
Answer
standby letter of credit

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a standby letter of credit is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot.

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Letter Of Credit Definition | Investopedia
aluable when a client is located in a potentially unstable economic environment. Types of Letters of Credit A commercial letter of credit is a direct payment method in which the issuing bank makes the payments to the beneficiary. In contrast, <span>a standby letter of credit is a secondary payment method in which the bank pays the beneficiary only when the holder cannot. A revolving letter of credit lets the customer make any number of draws within a certain limit during a specific time period. A traveler’s letter of credit guarantees the issuing banks







#buyers-credit #indian-eximbank
Through this programme, the overseas buyer can open a "letter of credit" in favour of the Indian exporter and can import goods and services from India on deferred payment terms.
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Buyer's Credit - Financial Products - Exim Bank
Inspiration to expand possibilities Buyer's Credit is our unique credit facility programme that motivates Indian exporters to explore new geographies. <span>Through this programme, the overseas buyer can open a "letter of credit" in favour of the Indian exporter and can import goods and services from India on deferred payment terms. While on the one hand, the exporter enjoys reduced transaction costs and complexities of international trade transactions, on the other hand, the Indian exporter gets to compete in the




Flashcard 1478614977804

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#buyers-credit #indian-eximbank
Question
Through this programme, the overseas buyer can open a "[...]" in favour of the Indian exporter and can import goods and services from India on deferred payment terms.
Answer
letter of credit

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Through this programme, the overseas buyer can open a "letter of credit" in favour of the Indian exporter and can import goods and services from India on deferred payment terms.

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Buyer's Credit - Financial Products - Exim Bank
Inspiration to expand possibilities Buyer's Credit is our unique credit facility programme that motivates Indian exporters to explore new geographies. <span>Through this programme, the overseas buyer can open a "letter of credit" in favour of the Indian exporter and can import goods and services from India on deferred payment terms. While on the one hand, the exporter enjoys reduced transaction costs and complexities of international trade transactions, on the other hand, the Indian exporter gets to compete in the







#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
neural T uring mac hines ( Gra v es 2014a et al. , ) that learn to read from memory cells and write arbitrary conten t to memory cells. Suc h neural net w orks can learn simple programs from examples of desired b ehavior. F or example, they can learn to sort lists of num b ers giv en examples of scrambled and sorted sequences. This self-programming technology is in its infancy , but in the future could in principle b e applied to nearly any task
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
In the con text of reinforcemen t learning, an autonomous agen t must learn to p erform a task b y trial and error, without any guidance from the human op erator.
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#deeplearning #neuralnetworks
Next, w e describ e the fundamen tal goals of machine learning. W e describe how to accomplish these goals b y sp ecifying a mo del that represen ts certain b eliefs, designing a cost function that measures how well those beliefs corresp ond with realit y and using a training algorithm to minimize that cost function.
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The Buddhist path has often been called a “spiritual path,” and this use of religious language can be very inspiring for some people.
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MCTB Introduction to Part I - Wiki - www.dharmaoverground.org
aft Pages Search MCTB Introduction to Part I [imagelink] Edit [imagelink] Details [imagelink] Print If you didn’t read the Foreword and Warning, do so now. <span>The Buddhist path has often been called a “spiritual path,” and this use of religious language can be very inspiring for some people. The Buddhist path could also be thought of in terms of a scientific experiment, a set of exercises that the Buddha and those who have followed him have claimed lead to very specific eff




Flashcard 1478670552332

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Valuation adjustments to assets or liabilities are made so that the accounting records reflect the [...] rather than the [...].
Answer
current market value

historical cost

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Valuation adjustments are made to a company’s assets or liabilities—only where required by accounting standards—so that the accounting records reflect the current market value rather than the historical cost.

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







What is 'Depletion'

Depletion is an accrual accounting technique used to allocate the cost of extracting natural resources such as timber, minerals and oil from the earth. Unlike depreciation and amortization, which mainly describe the deduction of expenses due to the aging of equipment and property, depletion is the actual physical depletion of natural resources by companies.

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Depletion Definition | Investopedia
<span>What is 'Depletion' Depletion is an accrual accounting technique used to allocate the cost of extracting natural resources such as timber, minerals and oil from the earth. Unlike depreciation and amortization, which mainly describe the deduction of expenses due to the aging of equipment and property, depletion is the actual physical depletion of natural resources by companies. !--break--For accounting and financial reporting purposes, depletion is meant to assist in accurately identifying the value of the assets on the balance sheet and recording expenses in




Flashcard 1478686280972

Question

[...] is an accrual accounting technique used to allocate the cost of extracting natural resources such as timber, minerals and oil from the earth.

Answer
Depletion

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What is 'Depletion' Depletion is an accrual accounting technique used to allocate the cost of extracting natural resources such as timber, minerals and oil from the earth. Unlike depreciation and amortization, which

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Depletion Definition | Investopedia
<span>What is 'Depletion' Depletion is an accrual accounting technique used to allocate the cost of extracting natural resources such as timber, minerals and oil from the earth. Unlike depreciation and amortization, which mainly describe the deduction of expenses due to the aging of equipment and property, depletion is the actual physical depletion of natural resources by companies. !--break--For accounting and financial reporting purposes, depletion is meant to assist in accurately identifying the value of the assets on the balance sheet and recording expenses in







Flashcard 1478882102540

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-25-understanding-income-statement
Question
What could be a difference between net income and operating income besides interests and taxes?
Answer
Income from discontinued operations.

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Sometimes interest and taxes do not represent the only differences between net income and operating income . For example, some companies separately report some income from discontinued operations.<

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2. COMPONENTS AND FORMAT OF THE INCOME STATEMENT
significant variations across companies. Operating profit is sometimes referred to as EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes). However, operating profit and EBIT are not necessarily the same. Note that in both Exhibits 1 and 2, <span>interest and taxes do not represent the only differences between earnings (net income, net earnings) and operating income. For example, both companies separately report some income from discontinued operations. Exhibit 3 shows an excerpt from the income statement of CRA International (NASDAQ GS: CRAI), a company providing management consulting services. Accordingly, CRA deducts co







Flashcard 1479030213900

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
To which financial statement element does Unearned Revenue belong?

Answer
Liabilities

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A positive aspect of unearned revenue is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue.

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







What Are Emotions For?
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for
It is with the heart that one sees rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye.
ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPÉRY,

The Little Prince Ponder the last moments of Gary and Mary Jane Chauncey, a couple completely devoted to their eleven-year-old daughter Andrea, who was confined to a wheelchair by cerebral palsy. The Chauncey family were passengers on an Amtrak train that crashed into a river after a barge hit and weakened a railroad bridge in Louisiana's bayou country. Thinking first of their daughter, the couple tried their best to save Andrea as water rushed into the sinking train; somehow they managed to push Andrea through a window to rescuers. Then, as the car sank beneath the water, they perished.

Andrea's story, of parents whose last heroic act is to ensure their child's survival, captures a moment of almost mythic courage. Without doubt such incidents of parental sacrifice for their progeny have been repeated countless times in human history and prehistory, and countless more in the larger course of evolution of our species. Seen from the perspective of evolutionary biologists, such parental self-sacrifice is in the service of "reproductive success" in passing on one's genes to future generations. But from the perspective of a parent making a desperate decision in a moment of crisis, it is about nothing other than love.

As an insight into the purpose and potency of emotions, this exemplary act of parental heroism testifies to the role of altruistic love—and every other emotion we feel—in human life. 3 It suggests that our deepest feelings, our passions and longings, are essential guides, and that our species owes much of its existence to their power in human affairs. That power is extraordinary: Only a potent love —the urgency of saving a cherished child—could lead a parent to override the impulse for personal survival. Seen from the intellect, their self-sacrifice was arguably irrational; seen from the heart, it was the only choice to make.

Sociobiologists point to the preeminence of heart over head at such crucial moments when they conjecture about why evolution has given emotion such a central role in the human psyche. Our emotions, they say, guide us in facing predicaments and tasks too important to leave to intellect alone —danger, painful loss, persisting toward a goal despite frustrations, bonding with a mate, building a family. Each emotion offers a distinctive readiness to act; each points us in a direction that has worked well to handle the recurring challenges of human life. 4 As these eternal situations were repeated and repeated over our evolutionary history, the survival value of our emotional repertoire was attested to by its becoming imprinted in our nerves as innate, automatic tendencies of the human heart.

A view of human nature that ignores the power of emotions is sadly shortsighted. The very name Homo sapiens, the thinking species, is misleading in light of the new appreciation and vision of the place of emotions in our lives that science now offers. As we all know from experience, when it comes to shaping our decisions and our actions, feeling counts every bit as much—and often more— than thought. We have gone too far in emphasizing the value and import of the purely rational—of what IQ measures—in human life. Intelligence can come to nothing when the emotions hold sway.
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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for
It is with the heart that one sees rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye.
ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPÉRY
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It is with the heart that one sees rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPÉRY, The Little Prince Ponder the last moments of Gary and Mary Jane Chauncey, a couple completely devoted to their eleven-year-old daughter Andrea, who was confined to a wheelch

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Flashcard 1479040175372

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for
Question
It is with the heart that one sees rightly; what is essential is [...].
ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPÉRY
Answer
invisible to the eye

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It is with the heart that one sees rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPÉRY

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for
Only a potent love —the urgency of saving a cherished child—could lead a parent to override the impulse for personal survival. Seen from the intellect, their self-sacrifice was arguably irrational; seen from the heart, it was the only choice to make.
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every other emotion we feel—in human life. 3 It suggests that our deepest feelings, our passions and longings, are essential guides, and that our species owes much of its existence to their power in human affairs. That power is extraordinary: <span>Only a potent love —the urgency of saving a cherished child—could lead a parent to override the impulse for personal survival. Seen from the intellect, their self-sacrifice was arguably irrational; seen from the heart, it was the only choice to make. Sociobiologists point to the preeminence of heart over head at such crucial moments when they conjecture about why evolution has given emotion such a central role in the h

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for
Each emotion offers a distinctive readiness to act; each points us in a direction that has worked well to handle the recurring challenges of human life
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ole in the human psyche. Our emotions, they say, guide us in facing predicaments and tasks too important to leave to intellect alone —danger, painful loss, persisting toward a goal despite frustrations, bonding with a mate, building a family. <span>Each emotion offers a distinctive readiness to act; each points us in a direction that has worked well to handle the recurring challenges of human life. 4 As these eternal situations were repeated and repeated over our evolutionary history, the survival value of our emotional repertoire was attested to by its becoming imprinted in our

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for
As some recurrent situations were repeated over and over our evolutionary history, the survival value of our emotional reactions got imprinted in our nerves as innate, automatic tendencies of the human heart.
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persisting toward a goal despite frustrations, bonding with a mate, building a family. Each emotion offers a distinctive readiness to act; each points us in a direction that has worked well to handle the recurring challenges of human life. 4 <span>As these eternal situations were repeated and repeated over our evolutionary history, the survival value of our emotional repertoire was attested to by its becoming imprinted in our nerves as innate, automatic tendencies of the human heart. A view of human nature that ignores the power of emotions is sadly shortsighted. The very name Homo sapiens, the thinking species, is misleading in light of the new apprec

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WHEN PASSIONS OVERWHELM REASON
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
It was a tragedy of errors. Fourteen-year-old Matilda Crabtree was just playing a practical joke on her father: she jumped out of a closet and yelled "Boo!" as her parents came home at one in the morning from visiting friends.

But Bobby Crabtree and his wife thought Matilda was staying with friends that night. Hearing noises as he entered the house, Crabtree reached for his .357 caliber pistol and went into Matilda's bedroom to investigate. When his daughter jumped from the closet, Crabtree shot her in the neck. Matilda Crabtree died twelve hours later.

One emotional legacy of evolution is the fear that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger; that impulse impelled Bobby Crabtree to get his gun and search his house for the intruder he thought was prowling there. Fear primed Crabtree to shoot before he could fully register what he was shooting at, even before he could recognize his daughter's voice. Automatic reactions of this sort have become etched in our nervous system, evolutionary biologists presume, because for a long and crucial period in human prehistory they made the difference between survival and death. Even more important, they mattered for the main task of evolution: being able to bear progeny who would carry on these very genetic predispositions—a sad irony, given the tragedy at the Crabtree household.

But while our emotions have been wise guides in the evolutionary long run, the new realities civilization presents have arisen with such rapidity that the slow march of evolution cannot keep up. Indeed, the first laws and proclamations of ethics—the Code of Hammurabi, the Ten Commandments of the Hebrews, the Edicts of Emperor Ashoka—can be read as attempts to harness, subdue, and domesticate emotional life. As Freud described in Civilization and Its Discontents, society has had to enforce from without rules meant to subdue tides of emotional excess that surge too freely within.

Despite these social constraints, passions overwhelm reason time and again. This given of human nature arises from the basic architecture of mental life. In terms of biological design for the basic neural circuitry of emotion, what we are born with is what worked best for the last 50,000 human generations, not the last 500 generations—and certainly not the last five. The slow, deliberate forces of evolution that have shaped our emotions have done their work over the course of a million years; the last 10,000 years—despite having witnessed the rapid rise of human civilization and the explosion of the human population from five million to five billion—have left little imprint on our biological templates for emotional life.

For better or for worse, our appraisal of every personal encounter and our responses to it are shaped not just by our rational judgments or our personal history, but also by our distant ancestral past. This leaves us with sometimes tragic propensities, as witness the sad events at the Crabtree household. In short, we too often confront postmodern dilemmas with an emotional repertoire tailored to the urgencies of the Pleistocene. That predicament is at the heart of my subject.
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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
One emotional legacy of evolution is the fear that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger
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e entered the house, Crabtree reached for his .357 caliber pistol and went into Matilda's bedroom to investigate. When his daughter jumped from the closet, Crabtree shot her in the neck. Matilda Crabtree died twelve hours later. <span>One emotional legacy of evolution is the fear that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger; that impulse impelled Bobby Crabtree to get his gun and search his house for the intruder he thought was prowling there. Fear primed Crabtree to shoot before he could fully register wh

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Flashcard 1479050136844

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
One emotional legacy of evolution is [...] that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger
Answer
the fear

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One emotional legacy of evolution is the fear that mobilizes us to protect our family from danger

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Automatic reactions are rooted in our nervous system because for a long period in human prehistory they made the difference between survival and death.
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lled Bobby Crabtree to get his gun and search his house for the intruder he thought was prowling there. Fear primed Crabtree to shoot before he could fully register what he was shooting at, even before he could recognize his daughter's voice. <span>Automatic reactions of this sort have become etched in our nervous system, evolutionary biologists presume, because for a long and crucial period in human prehistory they made the difference between survival and death. Even more important, they mattered for the main task of evolution: being able to bear progeny who would carry on these very genetic predispositions—a sad irony, given the tragedy at the

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Flashcard 1479053544716

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Automatic reactions are rooted in our nervous system because [...].
Answer
for a long period they made the difference between survival and death

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Automatic reactions are rooted in our nervous system because for a long period in human prehistory they made the difference between survival and death.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
While our emotions have helped evolutionary, new realities have arisen so fast in civilization that evolution cannot keep up.
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en survival and death. Even more important, they mattered for the main task of evolution: being able to bear progeny who would carry on these very genetic predispositions—a sad irony, given the tragedy at the Crabtree household. <span>But while our emotions have been wise guides in the evolutionary long run, the new realities civilization presents have arisen with such rapidity that the slow march of evolution cannot keep up. Indeed, the first laws and proclamations of ethics—the Code of Hammurabi, the Ten Commandments of the Hebrews, the Edicts of Emperor Ashoka—can be read as attempts to harness, subdue, a

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Flashcard 1479058263308

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
While our emotions have helped evolutionary, new realities have arisen so fast in civilization that [...]
Answer
evolution cannot keep up.

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While our emotions have helped evolutionary, new realities have arisen so fast in civilization that evolution cannot keep up.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Despite social constraints, passions overwhelm reason time and again.
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ts to harness, subdue, and domesticate emotional life. As Freud described in Civilization and Its Discontents, society has had to enforce from without rules meant to subdue tides of emotional excess that surge too freely within. <span>Despite these social constraints, passions overwhelm reason time and again. This given of human nature arises from the basic architecture of mental life. In terms of biological design for the basic neural circuitry of emotion, what we are born with is what work

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Flashcard 1479061671180

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Despite social constraints, [...] time and again.
Answer
passions overwhelm reason

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Despite social constraints, passions overwhelm reason time and again.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
The last 10,000 years—despite having witnessed the rapid rise of human civilization—have left little imprint on our biological templates for emotional life.
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chitecture of mental life. In terms of biological design for the basic neural circuitry of emotion, what we are born with is what worked best for the last 50,000 human generations, not the last 500 generations—and certainly not the last five. <span>The slow, deliberate forces of evolution that have shaped our emotions have done their work over the course of a million years; the last 10,000 years—despite having witnessed the rapid rise of human civilization and the explosion of the human population from five million to five billion—have left little imprint on our biological templates for emotional life. For better or for worse, our appraisal of every personal encounter and our responses to it are shaped not just by our rational judgments or our personal history, but also

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Flashcard 1479066914060

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The last 10,000 years—despite having witnessed the rapid rise of human civilization—have [...] for emotional life.
Answer
left little imprint on our biological templates

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The last 10,000 years—despite having witnessed the rapid rise of human civilization—have left little imprint on our biological templates for emotional life.

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Impulses to Action
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
One early spring day I was driving along a highway over a mountain pass in Colorado, when a snow flurry suddenly blotted out the car a few lengths ahead of me. As I peered ahead I couldn't make out anything; the swirling snow was now a blinding whiteness. Pressing my foot on the brake, I could feel anxiety flood my body and hear the thumping of my heart.

The anxiety built to full fear: I pulled over to the side of the road, waiting for the flurry to pass. A half hour later the snow stopped, visibility returned, and I continued on my way—only to be stopped a few hundred yards down the road, where an ambulance crew was helping a passenger in a car that had rear-ended a slower car in front; the collision blocked the highway. If I had continued driving in the blinding snow, I probably would have hit them.

The caution fear forced on me that day may have saved my life. Like a rabbit frozen in terror at the hint of a passing fox—or a protomammal hiding from a marauding dinosaur—I was overtaken by an internal state that compelled me to stop, pay attention, and take heed of a coming clanger.

All emotions are, in essence, impulses to act, the instant plans for handling life that evolution has instilled in us. The very root of the word emotion is motere, the Latin verb "to move," plus the prefix "e-" to connote "move away," suggesting that a tendency to act is implicit in every emotion. That emotions lead to actions is most obvious in watching animals or children; it is only in "civilized" adults we so often find the great anomaly in the animal kingdom, emotions—root impulses to act— divorced from obvious reaction.

In our emotional repertoire each emotion plays a unique role, as revealed by their distinctive biological signatures (see Appendix A for details on "basic" emotions). With new methods to peer into the body and brain, researchers are discovering more physiological details of how each emotion prepares the body for a very different kind of response:

• With anger blood flows to the hands, making it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe; heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enough for vigorous action.

• With fear blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs, making it easier to flee— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood "runs cold"). At the same time, the body freezes, if only for a moment, perhaps allowing time to gauge whether hiding might be a better reaction. Circuits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at hand, the better to evaluate what response to make.

• Among the main biological changes in happiness is an increased activity in a brain center that inhibits negative feelings and fosters an increase in available energy, and a quieting of those that generate worrisome thought. But there is no particular shift in physiology save a quiescence, which makes the body recover more quickly from the biological arousal of upsetting emotions. This configuration offers the body a general rest, as well as readiness and enthusiasm for whatever task is at hand and for striving toward a great variety of goals.

• Love, tender feelings, and sexual satisfaction entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and anger. The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxation response," is a body wide set of reactions that generates a general state of calm and contentment, facilitating cooperation.

• The lifting of the eyebrows in surprise allows the taking in of a larger visual sweep and also

permits more light to strike the retina. This offers more information about the unexpected event, making it easier to figure o

...
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All emotions are, in essence, impulses to act, the instant plans for handling life that evolution has instilled in us.
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ife. Like a rabbit frozen in terror at the hint of a passing fox—or a protomammal hiding from a marauding dinosaur—I was overtaken by an internal state that compelled me to stop, pay attention, and take heed of a coming clanger. <span>All emotions are, in essence, impulses to act, the instant plans for handling life that evolution has instilled in us. The very root of the word emotion is motere, the Latin verb "to move," plus the prefix "e-" to connote "move away," suggesting that a tendency to act is im

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Flashcard 1479071894796

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
All emotions are, in essence [...]
Answer
impulses to act

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All emotions are, in essence, impulses to act, the instant plans for handling life that evolution has instilled in us.

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The root of the word emotion is motere, the Latin verb "to move," this means a tendency to act is implicit in every emotion.
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s overtaken by an internal state that compelled me to stop, pay attention, and take heed of a coming clanger. All emotions are, in essence, impulses to act, the instant plans for handling life that evolution has instilled in us. <span>The very root of the word emotion is motere, the Latin verb "to move," plus the prefix "e-" to connote "move away," suggesting that a tendency to act is implicit in every emotion. That emotions lead to actions is most obvious in watching animals or children; it is only in "civilized" adults we so often find the great anomaly in the animal kingdom, emoti

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Flashcard 1479076613388

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The root of the word emotion is [...], the Latin verb " [...]," this means a tendency to act is implicit in every emotion.
Answer
motere

to move

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The root of the word emotion is motere, the Latin verb "to move," this means a tendency to act is implicit in every emotion.

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Only in "civilized" adults we can find an anomaly in which, emotions—root impulses to act— are divorced from their obvious reaction.
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he Latin verb "to move," plus the prefix "e-" to connote "move away," suggesting that a tendency to act is implicit in every emotion. That emotions lead to actions is most obvious in watching animals or children; <span>it is only in "civilized" adults we so often find the great anomaly in the animal kingdom, emotions—root impulses to act— divorced from obvious reaction. In our emotional repertoire each emotion plays a unique role, as revealed by their distinctive biological signatures (see Appendix A for details on "basic" emotio

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Flashcard 1479081069836

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Question
Only in [...] we can find this anomaly: Emotions—root impulses to act— are divorced from their obvious reaction.
Answer
"civilized" adults

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Only in "civilized" adults we can find an anomaly in which, emotions—root impulses to act— are divorced from their obvious reaction.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
With anger blood flows to the hands, making it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe; heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enough for vigorous action.
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x A for details on "basic" emotions). With new methods to peer into the body and brain, researchers are discovering more physiological details of how each emotion prepares the body for a very different kind of response: • <span>With anger blood flows to the hands, making it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe; heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enough for vigorous action. • With fear blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs, making it easier to flee— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the

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Flashcard 1479084477708

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
With [...] blood flows to the hands, heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enough for vigorous action.
Answer
anger

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With anger blood flows to the hands, making it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe; heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enoug

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Flashcard 1479086050572

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Why does blood flows to the handswith anger?
Answer
make it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe

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With anger blood flows to the hands, making it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe; heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enoug

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With fear blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs, making it easier to flee— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood "runs cold"). At the same time, the body freezes, if only for a moment, perhaps allowing time to gauge whether hiding might be a better reaction. Circuits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at hand, the better to evaluate what response to make.
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3; • With anger blood flows to the hands, making it easier to grasp a weapon or strike at a foe; heart rate increases, and a rush of hormones such as adrenaline generates a pulse of energy strong enough for vigorous action. • <span>With fear blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs, making it easier to flee— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood "runs cold"). At the same time, the body freezes, if only for a moment, perhaps allowing time to gauge whether hiding might be a better reaction. Circuits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at hand, the better to evaluate what response to make. • Among the main biological changes in happiness is an increased activity in a brain center that inhibits negative feelings and fosters an increase in available energy, and a

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Flashcard 1479089982732

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
With [...] blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs,— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood "runs cold").
Answer
fear

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With fear blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs, making it easier to flee— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood

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Flashcard 1479092342028

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The body freezes, if only for a moment, perhaps allowing time to gauge whether hiding might be a better reaction.

In which emotion?
Answer
Fear, you pussy

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span>With fear blood goes to the large skeletal muscles, such as in the legs, making it easier to flee— and making the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood "runs cold"). At the same time, <span>the body freezes, if only for a moment, perhaps allowing time to gauge whether hiding might be a better reaction. Circuits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at han

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Flashcard 1479094701324

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
When you feel [...], circuits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at hand, the better to evaluate what response to make.
Answer
afraid

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the face blanch as blood is shunted away from it (creating the feeling that the blood "runs cold"). At the same time, the body freezes, if only for a moment, perhaps allowing time to gauge whether hiding might be a better reaction. <span>Circuits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at hand, the better to evaluate what response to make.<span><body><html>

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Among the main biological changes in happiness is an increased activity in a brain center that inhibits negative feelings and fosters an increase in available energy, and a quieting of those that generate worrisome thought. But there is no particular shift in physiology save a quiescence, which makes the body recover more quickly from the biological arousal of upsetting emotions. This configuration offers the body a general rest, as well as readiness and enthusiasm for whatever task is at hand and for striving toward a great variety of goals.
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uits in the brain's emotional centers trigger a flood of hormones that put the body on general alert, making it edgy and ready for action, and attention fixates on the threat at hand, the better to evaluate what response to make. • <span>Among the main biological changes in happiness is an increased activity in a brain center that inhibits negative feelings and fosters an increase in available energy, and a quieting of those that generate worrisome thought. But there is no particular shift in physiology save a quiescence, which makes the body recover more quickly from the biological arousal of upsetting emotions. This configuration offers the body a general rest, as well as readiness and enthusiasm for whatever task is at hand and for striving toward a great variety of goals. • Love, tender feelings, and sexual satisfaction entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and

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Flashcard 1479098109196

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Among the main biological changes in [...] is an increased activity in a brain center that inhibits negative feelings and fosters an increase in available energy, and a quieting of those that generate worrisome thought.
Answer
happiness

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Among the main biological changes in happiness is an increased activity in a brain center that inhibits negative feelings and fosters an increase in available energy, and a quieting of those that generate worrisome thought. But ther

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Flashcard 1479100468492

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Which configuration offers the body a general rest, as well as readiness and enthusiasm for whatever task is at hand and for striving toward a great variety of goals?
Answer
Happiness

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rease in available energy, and a quieting of those that generate worrisome thought. But there is no particular shift in physiology save a quiescence, which makes the body recover more quickly from the biological arousal of upsetting emotions. <span>This configuration offers the body a general rest, as well as readiness and enthusiasm for whatever task is at hand and for striving toward a great variety of goals.<span><body><html>

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Love, tender feelings, and sexual satisfaction entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and anger. The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxation response," is a body wide set of reactions that generates a general state of calm and contentment, facilitating cooperation.
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more quickly from the biological arousal of upsetting emotions. This configuration offers the body a general rest, as well as readiness and enthusiasm for whatever task is at hand and for striving toward a great variety of goals. • <span>Love, tender feelings, and sexual satisfaction entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and anger. The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxation response," is a body wide set of reactions that generates a general state of calm and contentment, facilitating cooperation. • The lifting of the eyebrows in surprise allows the taking in of a larger visual sweep and also permits more light to strike the retina. This offers more information

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Flashcard 1479104138508

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
[.2.] entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and anger.
Answer
Love, and sexual satisfaction

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Love, tender feelings, and sexual satisfaction entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and anger. The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxat

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Flashcard 1479106497804

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Question
The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxation response," is a body wide set of reactions that generates a general state of calm and contentment, facilitating cooperation.

This comes from [...]
Answer
Love and sexual satisfaction

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Love, tender feelings, and sexual satisfaction entail parasympathetic arousal—the physiological opposite of the "fight-or-flight" mobilization shared by fear and anger. The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxation response," is a body wide set of reactions that generates a general state of calm and contentment, facilitating cooperation.

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The lifting of the eyebrows in surprise allows the taking in of a larger visual sweep and also

permits more light to strike the retina. This offers more information about the unexpected event, making it easier to figure out exactly what is going on and concoct the best plan for action.

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ot; mobilization shared by fear and anger. The parasympathetic pattern, dubbed the "relaxation response," is a body wide set of reactions that generates a general state of calm and contentment, facilitating cooperation. • <span>The lifting of the eyebrows in surprise allows the taking in of a larger visual sweep and also permits more light to strike the retina. This offers more information about the unexpected event, making it easier to figure out exactly what is going on and concoct the best plan for action. • Around the world an expression of disgust looks the same, and sends the identical message: something is offensive in taste or smell, or metaphorically so. The facial expr

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Flashcard 1479109905676

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The lifting of the eyebrows in [...] allows the taking in of a larger visual sweep and also permits more light to strike the retina.
Answer
surprise

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The lifting of the eyebrows in surprise allows the taking in of a larger visual sweep and also permits more light to strike the retina. This offers more information about the unexpected event, making it easier to figur

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Sadness brings a drop in energy and enthusiasm for life's activities, particularly diversions and pleasures, and, as it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism.
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s Darwin observed, to close the nostrils against a noxious odor or to spit out a poisonous food. • A main function for sadness is to help adjust to a significant loss, such as the death of someone close or a major disappointment. <span>Sadness brings a drop in energy and enthusiasm for life's activities, particularly diversions and pleasures, and, as it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism. This introspective withdrawal creates the opportunity to mourn a loss or frustrated hope, grasp its consequences for one's life, and, as energy returns, plan new beginnings. This loss o

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Flashcard 1479113575692

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
[...] brings a drop in energy and enthusiasm for life's activities, particularly diversions and pleasures.
Answer
Sadness

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Sadness brings a drop in energy and enthusiasm for life's activities, particularly diversions and pleasures, and, as it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism.</s

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Flashcard 1479115934988

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
[...] as it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism.
Answer
Sadness

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Sadness brings a drop in energy and enthusiasm for life's activities, particularly diversions and pleasures, and, as it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism.</s

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This introspective withdrawal creates the opportunity to mourn a loss or frustrated hope, grasp its consequences for one's life, and, as energy returns, plan new beginnings.

With which emotion does this happen?
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h as the death of someone close or a major disappointment. Sadness brings a drop in energy and enthusiasm for life's activities, particularly diversions and pleasures, and, as it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism. <span>This introspective withdrawal creates the opportunity to mourn a loss or frustrated hope, grasp its consequences for one's life, and, as energy returns, plan new beginnings. This loss of energy may well have kept saddened—and vulnerable—early humans close to home, where they were safer. These biological propensities to act are shaped further by

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Flashcard 1479120129292

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Question
This introspective withdrawal creates the opportunity to mourn a loss or frustrated hope, grasp its consequences for one's life, and, as energy returns, plan new beginnings.

With which emotion does this happen?
Answer
Sadness

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This introspective withdrawal creates the opportunity to mourn a loss or frustrated hope, grasp its consequences for one's life, and, as energy returns, plan new beginnings. With which emotion does this happen?

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Flashcard 1479122488588

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #impulses-to-action #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
This loss of energy may well have kept [...] —and vulnerable—early humans close to home, where they were safer.
Answer
saddened

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s it deepens and approaches depression, slows the body's metabolism. This introspective withdrawal creates the opportunity to mourn a loss or frustrated hope, grasp its consequences for one's life, and, as energy returns, plan new beginnings. <span>This loss of energy may well have kept saddened—and vulnerable—early humans close to home, where they were safer. These biological propensities to act are shaped further by our life experience and our culture. For instance, universally the loss of a loved one elicits sadness and grief.

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Our two Minds
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A friend was telling me about her divorce, a painful separation. Her husband had fallen in love with a younger woman at work, and suddenly announced he was leaving to live with the other woman. Months of bitter wrangling over house, money, and custody of the children followed. Now, some months later, she was saying that her independence was appealing to her, that she was happy to be on her own. "I just don't think about him anymore—I really don't care," she said. But as she said it, her eyes momentarily welled up with tears.

That moment of teary eyes could easily pass unnoted. But the empathic understanding that someone's watering eyes means she is sad despite her words to the contrary is an act of comprehending just as surely as is distilling meaning from words on a printed page. One is an act of the emotional mind, the other of the rational mind. In a very real sense we have two minds, one that thinks and one that feels.

These two fundamentally different ways of knowing interact to construct our mental life. One, the rational mind, is the mode of comprehension we are typically conscious of: more prominent in awareness, thoughtful, able to ponder and reflect. But alongside that there is another system of knowing: impulsive and powerful, if sometimes illogical—the emotional mind. (For a more detailed description of the characteristics of the emotional mind, see Appendix B.)

The emotional/rational dichotomy approximates the folk (distinction between "heart" and "head"; knowing something is right "in your heart" is a different order of conviction—somehow a deeper kind of certainty—than thinking so with your rational mind. There is a steady gradient in the ratio of rational-to-emotional control over the mind; the more intense the feeling, the more dominant the emotional mind becomes—and the more ineffectual the rational. This is an arrangement that seems to stem from eons of evolutionary advantage to having emotions and intuitions guide our instantaneous response in situations where our lives are in peril—and where pausing to think over what to do could cost us our lives.

These two minds, the emotional and the rational, operate in tight harmony for the most part, intertwining their very different ways of knowing to guide us through the world. Ordinarily there is a balance between emotional and rational minds, with emotion feeding into and informing the operations of the rational mind, and the rational mind refining and sometimes vetoing the inputs of the emotions. Still, the emotional and rational minds are semi-independent faculties, each, as we shall see, reflecting the operation of distinct, but interconnected, circuitry in the brain.

In many or most moments these minds are exquisitely coordinated; feelings are essential to thought, thought to feeling. But when passions surge the balance tips: it is the emotional mind that captures the upper hand, swamping the rational mind. The sixteenth-century humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam wrote in a satirical vein of this perennial tension between reason and emotion:

Jupiter has bestowed far more passion than reason—you could calculate the ratio as 24 to one. He set up two raging tyrants in opposition to Reason's solitary power: anger and lust. How far Reason can prevail against the combined forces of these two the common life of man makes quite clear. Reason does the only thing she can and shouts herself hoarse, repeating formulas of virtue, while the other two bid her go hang herself, and are increasingly noisy and offensive, until at last their Ruler is exhausted, gives up, and surrenders.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
In a very real sense we have two minds, one that thinks and one that feels.
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t someone's watering eyes means she is sad despite her words to the contrary is an act of comprehending just as surely as is distilling meaning from words on a printed page. One is an act of the emotional mind, the other of the rational mind. <span>In a very real sense we have two minds, one that thinks and one that feels. These two fundamentally different ways of knowing interact to construct our mental life. One, the rational mind, is the mode of comprehension we are typically conscious of:

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Flashcard 1479129042188

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
In a very real sense we have two minds, one that [...] and one that [...].
Answer
thinks

feels

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In a very real sense we have two minds, one that thinks and one that feels.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
The more intense the feeling, the more dominant the emotional mind becomes—and the more ineffectual the rational.
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mething is right "in your heart" is a different order of conviction—somehow a deeper kind of certainty—than thinking so with your rational mind. There is a steady gradient in the ratio of rational-to-emotional control over the mind; <span>the more intense the feeling, the more dominant the emotional mind becomes—and the more ineffectual the rational. This is an arrangement that seems to stem from eons of evolutionary advantage to having emotions and intuitions guide our instantaneous response in situations where our lives are in per

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Flashcard 1479135595788

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The [...], the more dominant the emotional mind becomes—and the more ineffectual the rational.
Answer
more intense the feeling

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The more intense the feeling, the more dominant the emotional mind becomes—and the more ineffectual the rational.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Emotional thinking beats rational thinking because of eons of guiding our instantaneous response when pausing to think could cost us our lives
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han thinking so with your rational mind. There is a steady gradient in the ratio of rational-to-emotional control over the mind; the more intense the feeling, the more dominant the emotional mind becomes—and the more ineffectual the rational. <span>This is an arrangement that seems to stem from eons of evolutionary advantage to having emotions and intuitions guide our instantaneous response in situations where our lives are in peril—and where pausing to think over what to do could cost us our lives. These two minds, the emotional and the rational, operate in tight harmony for the most part, intertwining their very different ways of knowing to guide us through the worl

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Flashcard 1479139265804

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Emotional thinking beats rational thinking because of eons of guiding our instantaneous response when [...]
Answer
pausing to think could cost us our lives

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Emotional thinking beats rational thinking because of eons of guiding our instantaneous response when pausing to think could cost us our lives

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
When passions surge, it is the emotional mind that captures the upper hand, swamping the rational mind
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each, as we shall see, reflecting the operation of distinct, but interconnected, circuitry in the brain. In many or most moments these minds are exquisitely coordinated; feelings are essential to thought, thought to feeling. But <span>when passions surge the balance tips: it is the emotional mind that captures the upper hand, swamping the rational mind. The sixteenth-century humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam wrote in a satirical vein of this perennial tension between reason and emotion: Jupiter has bestowed far more passion t

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Flashcard 1479142673676

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #our-two-minds #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
When [...] surge, it is the emotional mind that captures the upper hand, swamping the rational mind
Answer
passions

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When passions surge, it is the emotional mind that captures the upper hand, swamping the rational mind

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HOW THE BRAIN GREW
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons

To better grasp the potent hold of the emotions on the thinking mind—and why feeling and reason are so readily at war—consider how the brain evolved. Human brains, with their three pounds or so of cells and neural juices, are about triple the size of those in our nearest cousins in evolution, the nonhuman primates. Over millions of years of evolution, the brain has grown from the bottom up, with its higher centers developing as elaborations of lower, more ancient parts. (The growth of the brain in the human embryo roughly retraces this evolutionary course.)

The most primitive part of the brain, shared with all species that have more than a minimal nervous system, is the brainstem surrounding the top of the spinal cord. This root brain regulates basic life functions like breathing and the metabolism of the body's other organs, as well as controlling stereotyped reactions and movements. This primitive brain cannot be said to think or learn; rather it is a set of preprogrammed regulators that keep the body running as it should and reacting in a way that ensures survival. This brain reigned supreme in the Age of the Reptiles: Picture a snake hissing to signal the threat of an attack.

From the most primitive root, the brainstem, emerged the emotional centers. Millions of years later in evolution, from these emotional areas evolved the thinking brain or "neocortex," the great bulb of convoluted tissues that make up the top layers. The fact that the thinking brain grew from the emotional reveals much about the relationship of thought to feeling; there was an emotional brain long before there was a rational one.

The most ancient root of our emotional life is in the sense of smell, or, more precisely, in the olfactory lobe, the cells that take in and analyze smell. Every living entity, be it nutritious, poisonous, sexual partner, predator or prey, has a distinctive molecular signature that can be carried in the wind. In those primitive times smell commended itself as a paramount sense for survival.

From the olfactory lobe the ancient centers for emotion began to evolve, eventually growing large enough to encircle the top of the brainstem. In its rudimentary stages, the olfactory center was composed of little more than thin layers of neurons gathered to analyze smell. One layer of cells took in what was smelled and sorted it out into the relevant categories: edible or toxic, sexually available, enemy or meal. A second layer of cells sent reflexive messages throughout the nervous system telling the body what to do: bite, spit, approach, flee, chase.10

With the arrival of the first mammals came new, key layers of the emotional brain. These, surrounding the brainstem, look roughly like a bagel with a bite taken out at the bottom where the brainstem nestles into them. Because this part of the brain rings and borders the brainstem, it was called the "limbic" system, from "limbus," the Latin word for "ring." This new neural territory added emotions proper to the brain's repertoire.11 When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the limbic system that has us in its grip.

As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: learning and memory. These revolutionary advances allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survival, and to fine- tune its responses to adapt to changing demands rather than having invariable and automatic reactions. If a food led to sickness, it could be avoided next time. Decisions like knowing what to eat and what to spurn were still determined largely through smell; the connections between the olfactory bulb and the limbic system now took on the tasks of making distinctions among smells and recognizing them, comparing a present smell with past ones, and so discriminating good from bad. This was done by the "rhinencephalon," literally, the "nose brain," a part of the limbic wiring, and the rudimentary basis of the neocort

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The most ancient root of our emotional life is in the sense of smell
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onvoluted tissues that make up the top layers. The fact that the thinking brain grew from the emotional reveals much about the relationship of thought to feeling; there was an emotional brain long before there was a rational one. <span>The most ancient root of our emotional life is in the sense of smell, or, more precisely, in the olfactory lobe, the cells that take in and analyze smell. Every living entity, be it nutritious, poisonous, sexual partner, predator or prey, has a distincti

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Flashcard 1479147916556

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The most ancient root of our emotional life is in the sense [...]
Answer
of smell

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The most ancient root of our emotional life is in the sense of smell

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Because this part of the brain rings and borders the brainstem, it was called the "limbic" system, from "limbus," the Latin word for "ring.
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e, chase.10 With the arrival of the first mammals came new, key layers of the emotional brain. These, surrounding the brainstem, look roughly like a bagel with a bite taken out at the bottom where the brainstem nestles into them. <span>Because this part of the brain rings and borders the brainstem, it was called the "limbic" system, from "limbus," the Latin word for "ring." This new neural territory added emotions proper to the brain's repertoire.11 When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the

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Flashcard 1479150800140

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Because this part of the brain rings and borders the brainstem, it was called the "limbic" system, from "[...]," the Latin word for " [...].
Answer
limbus

ring

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Because this part of the brain rings and borders the brainstem, it was called the "limbic" system, from "limbus," the Latin word for "ring.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the limbic system that has us in its grip.
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se this part of the brain rings and borders the brainstem, it was called the "limbic" system, from "limbus," the Latin word for "ring." This new neural territory added emotions proper to the brain's repertoire.11 <span>When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the limbic system that has us in its grip. As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: learning and memory. These revolutionary advances allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survi

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Flashcard 1479154208012

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the [...] that has us in its grip.
Answer
limbic system

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When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the limbic system that has us in its grip.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: learning and memory.
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ring." This new neural territory added emotions proper to the brain's repertoire.11 When we are in the grip of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the limbic system that has us in its grip. <span>As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: learning and memory. These revolutionary advances allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survival, and to fine- tune its responses to adapt to changing demands rather than having invariable

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Flashcard 1479156829452

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: [...].
Answer
learning and memory

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As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: learning and memory.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Learning and memory allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survival, and to fine-tune its responses to adapt to changing demands rather than having invariable and automatic reactions.
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p of craving or fury, head-over- heels in love or recoiling in dread, it is the limbic system that has us in its grip. As it evolved, the limbic system refined two powerful tools: learning and memory. These revolutionary advances <span>allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survival, and to fine- tune its responses to adapt to changing demands rather than having invariable and automatic reactions. If a food led to sickness, it could be avoided next time. Decisions like knowing what to eat and what to spurn were still determined largely through smell; the connections between the o

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Flashcard 1479160237324

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
[...] allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survival, and to fine-tune its responses to adapt rather than having invariable and automatic reactions.
Answer
Learning and memory

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Learning and memory allowed an animal to be much smarter in its choices for survival, and to fine-tune its responses to adapt to changing demands rather than having invariable and automatic reactions.</spa

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The olfactory bulb and the limbic system make distinctions among smells and recognizing them, and so discriminating good from bad.

This was done by the "rhinencephalon," literally, the "nose brain," a part of the limbic wiring, and the rudimentary basis of the neocortex, the thinking brain.
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es to adapt to changing demands rather than having invariable and automatic reactions. If a food led to sickness, it could be avoided next time. Decisions like knowing what to eat and what to spurn were still determined largely through smell; <span>the connections between the olfactory bulb and the limbic system now took on the tasks of making distinctions among smells and recognizing them, comparing a present smell with past ones, and so discriminating good from bad. This was done by the "rhinencephalon," literally, the "nose brain," a part of the limbic wiring, and the rudimentary basis of the neocortex, the thinking brain. About 100 million years ago the brain in mammals took a great growth spurt. Piled on top of the thin two-layered cortex—the regions that plan, comprehend what is sensed, co

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Flashcard 1479163645196

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The [...] and the [...] make distinctions among smells and recognizing them, and so discriminating good from bad.

Answer
olfactory bulb

limbic system

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The olfactory bulb and the limbic system make distinctions among smells and recognizing them, and so discriminating good from bad. This was done by the "rhinencephalon," literally, th

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Flashcard 1479166004492

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
Distinction amongst smells was done by the "[...]," a part of the limbic wiring, and the rudimentary basis of the neocortex.
Answer
rhinencephalon," literally, the "nose brain

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The olfactory bulb and the limbic system make distinctions among smells and recognizing them, and so discriminating good from bad. This was done by the "rhinencephalon," literally, the "nose brain," a part of the limbic wiring, and the rudimentary basis of the neocortex, the thinking brain.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
The neocortex is the seat of thought; it contains the centers that put together and comprehend what the senses perceive.
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ortex. In contrast to the ancient brain's two-layered cortex, the neocortex offered an extraordinary intellectual edge. The Homo sapiens neocortex, so much larger than in any other species, has added all that is distinctly human. <span>The neocortex is the seat of thought; it contains the centers that put together and comprehend what the senses perceive. It adds to a feeling what we think about it—and allows us to have feelings about ideas, art, symbols, imaginings. In evolution the neocortex allowed a judicious fine-tuning

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Flashcard 1479171771660

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The neocortex is the seat of thought; it contains the centers that put together and comprehend what the [...].
Answer
senses perceive

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The neocortex is the seat of thought; it contains the centers that put together and comprehend what the senses perceive.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
The survival edge is due to the neocortex's talent for strategizing, long-term planning, and other mental wiles.
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eocortex allowed a judicious fine-tuning that no doubt has made enormous advantages in an organism's ability to survive adversity, making it more likely that its progeny would in turn pass on the genes that contain that same neural circuitry. <span>The survival edge is due to the neocortex's talent for strategizing, long-term planning, and other mental wiles. Beyond that, the triumphs of art, of civilization and culture, are all fruits of the neocortex. This new addition to the brain allowed the addition of nuance to emotional l

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Flashcard 1479174393100

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The survival edge is due to the neocortex's talent for [...], [...], and other mental wiles.
Answer
strategizing

long-term planning

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The survival edge is due to the neocortex's talent for strategizing, long-term planning, and other mental wiles.

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
The neocortex allows for the subtlety and complexity of emotional life, such as the ability to have feelings about our feelings.
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ptile to rhesus to human, the sheer mass of the neocortex increases; with that increase comes a geometric rise in the interconnections in brain circuitry. The larger the number of such connections, the greater the range of possible responses. <span>The neocortex allows for the subtlety and complexity of emotional life, such as the ability to have feelings about our feelings. There is more neocortex-to-limbic system in primates than in other species—and vastly more in humans—suggesting why we are able to display a far greater range of reactions to our emotio

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Flashcard 1479178325260

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The neocortex allows for the subtlety and complexity of emotional life, such as the ability to [...]
Answer
have feelings about our feelings.

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scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

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The neocortex allows for the subtlety and complexity of emotional life, such as the ability to have feelings about our feelings.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
While a rabbit or rhesus has a restricted set of typical responses to fear, the larger human neocortex allows a far more nimble repertoire—including calling 999
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to have feelings about our feelings. There is more neocortex-to-limbic system in primates than in other species—and vastly more in humans—suggesting why we are able to display a far greater range of reactions to our emotions, and more nuance. <span>While a rabbit or rhesus has a restricted set of typical responses to fear, the larger human neocortex allows a far more nimble repertoire—including calling 999. The more complex the social system, the more essential is such flexibility—and there is no more complex social world than our own.12 But these higher centers do not govern

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Flashcard 1479180946700

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
While a rabbit has a restricted set of typical responses to fear, the larger human neocortex allows [...]
Answer
a bigger repertoire—including calling 999

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

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While a rabbit or rhesus has a restricted set of typical responses to fear, the larger human neocortex allows a far more nimble repertoire—including calling 999

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
The more complex the social system, the more essential is such flexibility in emotional responses.
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le to display a far greater range of reactions to our emotions, and more nuance. While a rabbit or rhesus has a restricted set of typical responses to fear, the larger human neocortex allows a far more nimble repertoire—including calling 999. <span>The more complex the social system, the more essential is such flexibility—and there is no more complex social world than our own.12 But these higher centers do not govern all of emotional life; in crucial matters of the heart—and most especially in emotional emergencies—they can be said to defer to th

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Flashcard 1479185141004

Tags
#daniel-goleman #emotional-brain #emotional-iq #how-the-brain-grew #what-are-emotions-for #when-passions-overwhelm-reasons
Question
The more complex the social system, the more essential is [...]
Answer
flexibility in emotional responses.

statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

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The more complex the social system, the more essential is such flexibility in emotional responses.

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