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on 12-Jun-2017 (Mon)

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Flashcard 1425564634380

Tags
#cfa-level #economics #microeconomics #reading-13-demand-and-supply-analysis-introduction #study-session-4
Question
individuals, in the theory of the consumer, make decisions to [...] they receive from present and future consumption.
Answer
maximize the satisfaction

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Reading 14 covers the theory of the consumer, which addresses the demand for goods and services by individuals who make decisions to maximize the satisfaction they receive from present and future consumption.

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Study Session 4
cribe the marketplace behavior of consumers and firms. Reading 13 explains the concepts and tools of demand and supply analysis—the study of how buyers and sellers interact to determine transaction prices and quantities. <span>Reading 14 covers the theory of the consumer, which addresses the demand for goods and services by individuals who make decisions to maximize the satisfaction they receive from present and future consumption. Reading 15 deals with the theory of the firm, focusing on the supply of goods and services by profit-maximizing firms. That reading provides the basis for understanding the c







Flashcard 1432862461196

Tags
#i-q #types-of-inteligence
Question
[...] (movement), e.g. body language, physical gestures, creative dance, physical exercise, drama.
Answer
Body=kinesthetic

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Body=kinesthetic (movement), e.g. body language, physical gestures, creative dance, physical exercise, drama.

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Flashcard 1435799522572

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #economics #microeconomics #reading-15-demand-and-supply-analysis-the-firm #section-3-analysis-of-revenue-costs-and-profit #study-session-4
Question
Total variable cost (TVC)[...], or [...]
Answer
Sum of all variable expenses

per unit variable cost times quantity; (per unit VC × Q)

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Total variable cost (TVC)Sum of all variable expenses, or per unit variable cost times quantity; (per unit VC × Q)

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3. ANALYSIS OF REVENUE, COSTS, AND PROFITS
umber of time periods). For example, average revenue is calculated by dividing total revenue by the number of items sold. To calculate a marginal term, take the change in the total and divide by the change in the quantity number. <span>Exhibit 3 shows a summary of the terminology and formulas pertaining to profit maximization, where profit is defined as total revenue minus total economic costs. Note that the definition of profit is the economic version, which recognizes that the implicit opportunity costs of equity capital, in addition to explicit accounting costs, are economic costs. The first main category consists of terms pertaining to the revenue side of the profit equation: total revenue, average revenue, and marginal revenue. Cost terms follow with an overview of the different types of costs—total, average, and marginal. Exhibit 3. Summary of Profit, Revenue, and Cost Terms Term Calculation Profit (Economic) profit Total revenue minus total economic cost; (TR – TC) Revenue Total revenue (TR) Price times quantity (P × Q), or the sum of individual units sold times their respective prices; ∑(P i × Q i ) Average revenue (AR) Total revenue divided by quantity; (TR ÷ Q) Marginal revenue (MR) Change in total revenue divided by change in quantity; (∆TR ÷ ∆Q) Costs Total fixed cost (TFC) Sum of all fixed expenses; here defined to include all opportunity costs Total variable cost (TVC) Sum of all variable expenses, or per unit variable cost times quantity; (per unit VC × Q) Total costs (TC) Total fixed cost plus total variable cost; (TFC + TVC) Average fixed cost (AFC) Total fixed cost divided by quantity; (TFC ÷ Q) Average variable cost (AVC) Total variable cost divided by quantity; (TVC ÷ Q) Average total cost (ATC) Total cost divided by quantity; (TC ÷ Q) or (AFC + AVC) Marginal cost (MC) Change in total cost divided by change in quantity; (∆TC ÷ ∆Q) 3.1. Profit Maximization In free markets—and even in regulated market economies—profit maximization tends to promote economic welfare and a hig







Flashcard 1435920633100

Tags
#eximbank #export-dot-gov #octopus #usa
Question
A bundling facility is a large medium-term loan made to a [...] by a [...] with [...] The Mexican bank then makes loans to Mexican companies for the purchase of American capital goods.
Answer
Mexican bank

U.S. bank

the guarantee of Ex-Im Bank.

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Much of Ex-Im Bank’s activity is under so-called bundling facilities. A bundling facility is a large medium-term loan made to a Mexican bank by a U.S. bank with the guarantee of Ex-Im Bank. The Mexican bank then makes loans to Mexican companies for the purchase of American capital goods. There also are a number of U.S.-based

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Mexico - Project Financing
rantees for medium-term loans to foreign buyers of capital equipment. Most loans are made by U.S. banks with Ex-Im Bank’s guarantee. More than 85 percent of Ex-Im’s transactions in recent years directly benefited small businesses. <span>Much of Ex-Im Bank’s activity is under so-called bundling facilities. A bundling facility is a large medium-term loan made to a Mexican bank by a U.S. bank with the guarantee of Ex-Im Bank. The Mexican bank then makes loans to Mexican companies for the purchase of American capital goods. There also are a number of U.S.-based banks that extend Ex-Im Bank credits in Mexico. The major Mexican commercial banks have signed agreements with Ex-Im Bank to grant lines of credit to Mexican firms that purchase U.S.-made products. Many major Mexican banks (Santander, BBVA-Bancomer, and others) have Master Guarantee Agreements. Such credits generally are available only to Mexican blue chip companies and to their suppliers with firm contracts. EXIM Bank is a







Flashcard 1442163592460

Tags
#analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #reading-35-capital-budgeting #study-session-10
Question
Is the cost of capital reflected in Payback period?
Answer
No

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;break-even" analysis: it indicates how quickly you can make enough money to recover the initial investment, not how much money you can make during the life of the project. It does not consider the time value of money. Therefore, <span>the cost of capital is not reflected in the cash flows or calculations. <span><body><html>

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Subject 3. Investment Decision Criteria
establish a benchmark payback period. Reject if payback is greater than benchmark. Payback A = 1 + (1000 - 750)/350 = 1.7 years Payback B = 3 + (1000 - 100 - 250 - 450)/750 = 3.27 years Drawbacks: <span>It ignores cash flows beyond the payback period. Payback period is a type of "break-even" analysis: it indicates how quickly you can make enough money to recover the initial investment, not how much money you can make during the life of the project. It does not consider the time value of money. Therefore, the cost of capital is not reflected in the cash flows or calculations. Discounted Payback Period This







Flashcard 1442585382156

Tags
#gramatica-española #morfología #tulio
Question

La Morfología y la Sintaxis comparten [...] como unidad.

Answer
la palabra

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LA MORFOLOGÍA
La Morfología y la Sintaxis comparten la palabra como unidad. Para la primera el análisis se detiene en la palabra, para la segunda se inicia en la pa- labra. La Morfología se ocupa de la estructura interna de las palabras. En este







Flashcard 1442592460044

Tags
#gramatica-española #morfología #tulio
Question

En este capítulo (La Morfología) nos ocuparemos de definir:
A. ¿Qué se entiende por "estructura interna de la palabra"?
B. ¿Qué [...] es la palabra?

Answer
clase de unidad

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LA MORFOLOGÍA
ara la segunda se inicia en la pa- labra. La Morfología se ocupa de la estructura interna de las palabras. En este capítulo nos ocuparemos de definir: A. ¿Qué se entiende por "estructura interna de la palabra"? B. ¿Qué <span>clase de unidad es la palabra? Nuestro tratamiento de la morfología será sumamente sucinto: apuntará fundamentalmente a las cuestiones que tienen una particular relevancia para la sintaxis. </s







Flashcard 1446745607436

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #economics #microeconomics #reading-15-demand-and-supply-analysis-the-firm #section-3-analysis-of-revenue-costs-and-profit #study-session-4
Question

Under perfect competition total quantity in the market is influenced strictly by [...]

Answer
price

Once consumer preferences are established in the market, price determines the quantity demanded by buyers.

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ties as sales promotion, advertising, and competitive positioning of the product that would take place under the market model of imperfect competition. Under perfect competition, however, total quantity in the market is influenced strictly by <span>price, while non-price factors are not important. Once consumer preferences are established in the market, price determines the quantity demanded by buyers. Together, price and quantity const

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3. ANALYSIS OF REVENUE, COSTS, AND PROFITS
(AR) Marginal Revenue (MR) 0 100 0 — — 1 100 100 100 100 2 100 200 100 100 3 100 300 100 100 4 100 400 100 100 5 100 500 100 100 6 100 600 100 100 7 100 700 100 100 8 100 800 100 100 9 100 900 100 100 10 100 1,000 100 100 <span>The quantity or quantity demanded variable is the amount of the product that consumers are willing and able to buy at each price level. The quantity sold can be affected by the business through such activities as sales promotion, advertising, and competitive positioning of the product that would take place under the market model of imperfect competition. Under perfect competition, however, total quantity in the market is influenced strictly by price, while non-price factors are not important. Once consumer preferences are established in the market, price determines the quantity demanded by buyers. Together, price and quantity constitute the firm’s demand curve, which becomes the basis for calculating the total, average, and marginal revenue. In Exhibit 4, price is the market price as established by the interactions of the market demand and supply factors. Since the firm is a price taker, price is fixed at 100







Flashcard 1479831850252

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #reading-25-understanding-income-statement #revenue-recognition
Question
Under US GAAP, the completed contract method is also acceptable when the entity has primarily [...].
Answer
short-term contracts


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Under US GAAP, the completed contract method is also acceptable when the entity has primarily short-term contracts.

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3.2.1. Long-Term Contracts
y finished (the remaining costs and potential risks are insignificant in amount), although provision should be made for expected losses. Billings and costs are accumulated on the balance sheet rather than flowing through the income statement. <span>Under US GAAP, the completed contract method is also acceptable when the entity has primarily short-term contracts. Note that if a contract is started and completed in the same period, there is no difference between the percentage-of-completion and completed contract methods. Examples 1,







Flashcard 1613906185484

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #understanding-cashflow-statements
Question
Issue or repurchase of the company's stocks is part of [...] activities.
Answer
Financing Activities

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Subject 1. Classification of Cash Flows and Non-Cash Activities
o creditors!). Note that the cash outflow caused by dividends is determined by dividends paid, not dividends declared. Dividends paid are not reflected in the retained earnings account. The amount is provided in the supplementary information. <span>Issue or repurchase of the company's stocks. Issue or retirement of long-term debt (including the current portion of long-term debt). Purchase of debt and equity securities from other entities (sale of debt or equity







Flashcard 1613908544780

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #understanding-cashflow-statements
Question
Issue or retirement of long-term debt is part of [...] activities.
Answer
Financing Activities

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Subject 1. Classification of Cash Flows and Non-Cash Activities
sed by dividends is determined by dividends paid, not dividends declared. Dividends paid are not reflected in the retained earnings account. The amount is provided in the supplementary information. Issue or repurchase of the company's stocks. <span>Issue or retirement of long-term debt (including the current portion of long-term debt). Purchase of debt and equity securities from other entities (sale of debt or equity securities of other entities) and loans to other entities (collection of loans to other e







Flashcard 1613920341260

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #understanding-cashflow-statements
Question
Converting preferred stock to common stock is part of [...] Activities
Answer
Non-cash Activities

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Subject 1. Classification of Cash Flows and Non-Cash Activities
cash Activities Some investing and financing activities do not flow through the statement of cash flows because they don't require the use of cash: Retiring debt securities by issuing equity securities to the lender. <span>Converting preferred stock to common stock. Acquiring assets through a capital lease. Obtaining long-term assets by issuing notes payable to the seller. Exchanging one non-cash asset for another non-cash asset. The purchase of no







Flashcard 1613922700556

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #understanding-cashflow-statements
Question
Acquiring assets through a capital lease is part of [...] Activities
Answer
Non-cash Activities

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Subject 1. Classification of Cash Flows and Non-Cash Activities
and financing activities do not flow through the statement of cash flows because they don't require the use of cash: Retiring debt securities by issuing equity securities to the lender. Converting preferred stock to common stock. <span>Acquiring assets through a capital lease. Obtaining long-term assets by issuing notes payable to the seller. Exchanging one non-cash asset for another non-cash asset. The purchase of non-cash assets by issuing equity or debt se







Flashcard 1613925059852

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #understanding-cashflow-statements
Question
Obtaining long-term assets by issuing notes payable to the seller is a [...] Activities
Answer
Non-cash Activities

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Subject 1. Classification of Cash Flows and Non-Cash Activities
gh the statement of cash flows because they don't require the use of cash: Retiring debt securities by issuing equity securities to the lender. Converting preferred stock to common stock. Acquiring assets through a capital lease. <span>Obtaining long-term assets by issuing notes payable to the seller. Exchanging one non-cash asset for another non-cash asset. The purchase of non-cash assets by issuing equity or debt securities. For example, if a company purchases $200,00







Flashcard 1614958955788

Tags
#excel
Question
Como agrego numeros de pagina como footers?
Answer
Picas en el footer y escoges #de paginas (va a poner &[Página])

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N – units assigned to the student and pending introduction; P – units in the process of active acquisition; S – units in the student’s short-term memory; L – learned units (in the long-term memory)
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a lexical unit is deemed to be in the student’s short-term memory after it has been successfully recalled at least four times in various types of activities (of increasing difficulty), without significant intervals between successive repeti- tions.
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Flashcard 1615746436364

Question
a lexical unit is deemed to be in the student’s short-term memory after it has been successfully recalled at least [...] times in various types of activities (of increasing difficulty), without significant intervals between successive repeti- tions.
Answer
four

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a lexical unit is deemed to be in the student’s short-term memory after it has been successfully recalled at least four times in various types of activities (of increasing difficulty), without significant intervals between successive repeti- tions.

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In contrast, a unit is considered to be in the long-term memory (in other words, to be “fully learned”) after it has stayed in the short-term memory for at least seven days, and is still successfully recalled by the student.
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Flashcard 1615749582092

Question
In contrast, a unit is considered to be in the long-term memory (in other words, to be “fully learned”) after it has stayed in the short-term memory for at least [...], and is still successfully recalled by the student.
Answer
seven days

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In contrast, a unit is considered to be in the long-term memory (in other words, to be “fully learned”) after it has stayed in the short-term memory for at least seven days, and is still successfully recalled by the student.

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therefore, the above-mentioned thresh- olds were selected arbitrarily with the intention to refine them through fur- ther experimentation.
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Flashcard 1615752727820

Question
The Muslim conquests had been directed, at least in name, by one central power whose seat was moved, owing to shifts in the internal situation (from where to where?).
Answer
from Medina to Iraq, then, to Damascus and again back to Iraq.

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But just as the higher unity of the Holy Empire continued in the minds of Latin Christendom, so did the unity of Islam remain unbroken in spite of the fragmentation of the caliphate.
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Flashcard 1615870430476

Tags
#making #pool
Question
_________ (steel rods) used to frame it (lay in crosswise pattern) after digging
blow sand and concrete mixture ___________
cures for _______
Then a ______ coating is placed
Then final pool finish.
Answer
rebar
gunnite
one week
plaster

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