Edited, memorised or added to reading list

on 30-Oct-2017 (Mon)

Do you want BuboFlash to help you learning these things? Click here to log in or create user.

Flashcard 1439316708620

Tags
#analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #reading-35-capital-budgeting #study-session-10 #subject-3-investment-criteria
Question
Which of the following best describes the difference between an investment's market value and its cost?

A. Net present value
B. Internal rate of return
C. Payback
Answer
Correct Answer: A


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
dy>NPV measures the dollar benefit of the project to shareholders. However, it does not measure the rate of return of the project, and thus cannot provide "safety margin" information. Safety margin refers to how much the project return could fall in percentage terms before the invested capital is at risk.<body><html>

Original toplevel document

Subject 3. Investment Decision Criteria
on that capital. If a firm takes on a project with a positive NPV, the position of the stockholders is improved. Decision rules: The higher the NPV, the better. Reject if NPV is less than or equal to 0. <span>NPV measures the dollar benefit of the project to shareholders. However, it does not measure the rate of return of the project, and thus cannot provide "safety margin" information. Safety margin refers to how much the project return could fall in percentage terms before the invested capital is at risk. Assuming the cost of capital for the firm is 10%, calculate each cash flow by dividing the cash flow by (1 + k) t where k is the cost of capital and t is the year number.







Flashcard 1442171456780

Tags
#rules-of-formulating-knowledge
Question
Knowledge can be relatively stable (basic math, anatomy, taxonomy, physical geography, etc.) and highly volatile (economic indicators, high-tech knowledge, personal statistics, etc.). It is important that you provide your items with [...]
Answer
time stamping or other tags indicating the degree of obsolescence.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
pan>Knowledge can be relatively stable (basic math, anatomy, taxonomy, physical geography, etc.) and highly volatile (economic indicators, high-tech knowledge, personal statistics, etc.). It is important that you provide your items with time stamping or other tags indicating the degree of obsolescence.<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document

19. Provide date stamping
Knowledge can be relatively stable (basic math, anatomy, taxonomy, physical geography, etc.) and highly volatile (economic indicators, high-tech knowledge, personal statistics, etc.). It is important that you provide your items with time stamping or other tags indicating the degree of obsolescence. In case of statistical figures, you might stamp them with the year they have been collected. When learning software applications, it is enough you stamp the item with the software versi







Flashcard 1446750326028

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #economics #microeconomics #reading-15-demand-and-supply-analysis-the-firm #section-3-analysis-of-revenue-costs-and-profit #study-session-4
Question
For any firm that sells at a uniform price, [...] will equal price.
Answer
average revenue


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill
3. ANALYSIS OF REVENUE, COSTS, AND PROFITS
, which is equal to the price. Average revenue (AR) is quantity sold divided into total revenue. The mathematical outcome of this calculation is simply the price that the firm receives in the market for selling a given quantity. <span>For any firm that sells at a uniform price, average revenue will equal price. For example, AR at 3 units is 100 (calculated as 300 ÷ 3 units); at 8 units it is also 100 (calculated as 800 ÷ 8 units). Marginal revenue (MR) is the change in total reve







Flashcard 1614973111564

Tags
#excel
Question
Como oculto un libro que tengo abierto?
Answer
Highlighteas el libro Ventana-----> Ocultar


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1644519099660

Tags
#exponents
Question

A logarithm (of the base b) is the [...]

Answer
power to which the base needs to be raised to yield a given number.​​​​​​​


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1644817681676

Tags
#reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question
For a sample of 100 or larger taken from a normal distribution, a sample excess kurtosis of [...] or larger would be considered unusually large.
Answer
1.0


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1644979424524

Tags
#reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question
The lower boundary of each class is calculated by [...]
Answer
the class lower limit minus 1/2 of the gap value.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1645158206732

Tags
#reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question
Excess Kurtosis formula

\(Ke = {n(n+1) \over (n-1)(n-2)(n-3)}\) * \( {\displaystyle\sum_{i=1}^{n} (x_i-\bar{x})^4 \over s^4}\) - [...]
Answer

\(- {3(n-1)^2 \over (n-2)(n-3)}\)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1646650854668

Question
To find a [...] of order data we find the median and, to divide the data into quarters, we then find the medians of these two halves.
Answer
box-and-whisker plot


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
To find a box-and-whisker plot of order data we find the median and, to divide the data into quarters, we then find the medians of these two halves.

Original toplevel document

https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=box%2Band%2Bwhisker%2Bplot&amp;rlz=1C5CHFA_enMX588MX588&amp;oq=box%2Band%2B&amp;aqs=chrome.0.0j69i57j0l4.2654j0j1&amp;sourceid=chrome&amp;ie=UTF-8
;:"","st":"Khan Academy","th":126,"tu":"https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q\u003dtbn:ANd9GcSn5LucwU2YqqP-QbKVKFxZQrH67dnFFkLdw7mMGEhss07jzQixQxdTCiUW","tw":224} <span>To create a box-and-whisker plot, we start by ordering our data (that is, putting the values) in numerical order, if they aren't ordered already. Then we find the median of our data. The median divides the data into two halves. To divide the data into quarters, we then find the medians of these two halves. Box-and-Whisker Plots - Purplemath www.purplemath.com/modules/boxwhisk.htm Feedback About this result People also ask What can you tell from a box and whisker plot?







#filosofia #platão
let us investigate the matter by admitting both that it is possible to know a science and also what we assumed temperance to be in the beginning: to know what one knows and d does not know

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#filosofia #platão
I grant that the human race, if thus equipped, d would act and live in a scientific way— because temperance, watching over it, would not allow the absence of science to creep in and become our accomplice. But whether acting scientifically would make us fare well and be happy, this we have yet to learn, my dear Critias.”

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#filosofia #platão
Furthermore, we gave our joint assent to many things which did not follow from our argument. 10 For instance, we conceded that there was a science of science when the argument did not allow us to make this statement

[Forma de lógica interessante de Platão/Sócrates, das conclusões seguirem dos argumentos, ou não]

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#filosofia #platão #wiki
The Charmides is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of "temperance" or "self-control"

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
r The Chariot Related articles Commentaries The Academy in Athens Socratic problem Middle Platonism Neoplatonism and Christianity Allegorical interpretations of Plato Socratic fallacy [imagelink] Philosophy portal v t e <span>The Charmides (/ˈkɑːrmɪdiːz/; Greek: Χαρμίδης) is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of sophrosyne, a Greek word usually translated into English as "temperance", "self-control", or "restraint". As is typical with Platonic early dialogues, the two never arrive at a completely satisfactory definition, but the discussion nevertheless raises many important points. Contents




Flashcard 1708734418188

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question
The [...] is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of "temperance" or "self-control"
Answer
Charmides


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The Charmides is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of "temperance" or "self-control"</bod

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
r The Chariot Related articles Commentaries The Academy in Athens Socratic problem Middle Platonism Neoplatonism and Christianity Allegorical interpretations of Plato Socratic fallacy [imagelink] Philosophy portal v t e <span>The Charmides (/ˈkɑːrmɪdiːz/; Greek: Χαρμίδης) is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of sophrosyne, a Greek word usually translated into English as "temperance", "self-control", or "restraint". As is typical with Platonic early dialogues, the two never arrive at a completely satisfactory definition, but the discussion nevertheless raises many important points. Contents







Flashcard 1708737563916

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question
The Charmides is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of "[...]" or " [...] "
Answer
temperance
self-control


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The Charmides is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of "temperance" or "self-control"

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
r The Chariot Related articles Commentaries The Academy in Athens Socratic problem Middle Platonism Neoplatonism and Christianity Allegorical interpretations of Plato Socratic fallacy [imagelink] Philosophy portal v t e <span>The Charmides (/ˈkɑːrmɪdiːz/; Greek: Χαρμίδης) is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of sophrosyne, a Greek word usually translated into English as "temperance", "self-control", or "restraint". As is typical with Platonic early dialogues, the two never arrive at a completely satisfactory definition, but the discussion nevertheless raises many important points. Contents







#filosofia #platão #wiki
Charmides first suggests that temperance is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that temperance is the same as modesty.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
ees and tells an attendant to tell Charmides to come and see the physician ("iatros") about an illness that Charmides has complained about. Critias suggests that Socrates pretend to know a cure for a headache to lure the boy over. <span>Charmides first suggests that sophrosyne is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e)




Flashcard 1708743068940

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question
[...] first suggests that temperance is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and [...] proposes that temperance is the same as modesty.
Answer
Charmides


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Charmides first suggests that temperance is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that temperance is the same as modesty.

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
ees and tells an attendant to tell Charmides to come and see the physician ("iatros") about an illness that Charmides has complained about. Critias suggests that Socrates pretend to know a cure for a headache to lure the boy over. <span>Charmides first suggests that sophrosyne is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e)







Flashcard 1708745428236

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question
Charmides first suggests that temperance is a kind of [...] (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that temperance is the same as [...] .
Answer
quietness
modesty


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Charmides first suggests that temperance is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that temperance is the same as modesty.

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
ees and tells an attendant to tell Charmides to come and see the physician ("iatros") about an illness that Charmides has complained about. Critias suggests that Socrates pretend to know a cure for a headache to lure the boy over. <span>Charmides first suggests that sophrosyne is a kind of quietness (159b). Socrates talks him out of this, and Charmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e)







#filosofia #platão #wiki
Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
rmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e). <span>Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Socrates finds this particularly offensive, and tells Charmides that he must have heard this from some fool (162b). Socrates can tell from the uneasy look on Critias face that this was his idea, and they exchange some words. Socrates says to him testily that at his age, Charmides can hardly be expected to understand temperance (162e). At this point in the argument, Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates confesses as they discuss this that his motive in refuting Critias is to examine himself, that he pursues the argument for his own sake (166c,d). Critias' suggestion that sophrosyne is self-knowledge spurs Socrates to a discussion of the relation between medicine and science. He says that medicine is the science of health and disease, and that a person who does not understand these things is not in a position to distinguish a real physician from a quack (171c). He says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible. Socrates says he dreams, however, of a world in which no one pretends to be something he is not (173a-d). In the end, Socrates appears to have recruited a new disciple to philosophy:




Flashcard 1708750408972

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question

[...] proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible.

Answer
Charmides


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
rmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e). <span>Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Socrates finds this particularly offensive, and tells Charmides that he must have heard this from some fool (162b). Socrates can tell from the uneasy look on Critias face that this was his idea, and they exchange some words. Socrates says to him testily that at his age, Charmides can hardly be expected to understand temperance (162e). At this point in the argument, Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates confesses as they discuss this that his motive in refuting Critias is to examine himself, that he pursues the argument for his own sake (166c,d). Critias' suggestion that sophrosyne is self-knowledge spurs Socrates to a discussion of the relation between medicine and science. He says that medicine is the science of health and disease, and that a person who does not understand these things is not in a position to distinguish a real physician from a quack (171c). He says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible. Socrates says he dreams, however, of a world in which no one pretends to be something he is not (173a-d). In the end, Socrates appears to have recruited a new disciple to philosophy:







Flashcard 1708751981836

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question

Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. [...] takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible.

Answer
Critias


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
rmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e). <span>Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Socrates finds this particularly offensive, and tells Charmides that he must have heard this from some fool (162b). Socrates can tell from the uneasy look on Critias face that this was his idea, and they exchange some words. Socrates says to him testily that at his age, Charmides can hardly be expected to understand temperance (162e). At this point in the argument, Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates confesses as they discuss this that his motive in refuting Critias is to examine himself, that he pursues the argument for his own sake (166c,d). Critias' suggestion that sophrosyne is self-knowledge spurs Socrates to a discussion of the relation between medicine and science. He says that medicine is the science of health and disease, and that a person who does not understand these things is not in a position to distinguish a real physician from a quack (171c). He says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible. Socrates says he dreams, however, of a world in which no one pretends to be something he is not (173a-d). In the end, Socrates appears to have recruited a new disciple to philosophy:







Flashcard 1708753554700

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question

Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your [...]. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible.

Answer
own business


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing wha

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
rmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e). <span>Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Socrates finds this particularly offensive, and tells Charmides that he must have heard this from some fool (162b). Socrates can tell from the uneasy look on Critias face that this was his idea, and they exchange some words. Socrates says to him testily that at his age, Charmides can hardly be expected to understand temperance (162e). At this point in the argument, Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates confesses as they discuss this that his motive in refuting Critias is to examine himself, that he pursues the argument for his own sake (166c,d). Critias' suggestion that sophrosyne is self-knowledge spurs Socrates to a discussion of the relation between medicine and science. He says that medicine is the science of health and disease, and that a person who does not understand these things is not in a position to distinguish a real physician from a quack (171c). He says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible. Socrates says he dreams, however, of a world in which no one pretends to be something he is not (173a-d). In the end, Socrates appears to have recruited a new disciple to philosophy:







Flashcard 1708755127564

Tags
#filosofia #platão #wiki
Question

Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as [...]. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible.

Answer
self-knowledge


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He conclu

Original toplevel document

Charmides (dialogue) - Wikipedia
rmides proposes that sophrosyne is the same as modesty. Socrates says this can't be right because Homer (whose authority they both accept on this point) says that modesty is not good for all people, but it is agreed that sophrosyne is (160e). <span>Charmides proposes that temperance is minding your own business. Socrates finds this particularly offensive, and tells Charmides that he must have heard this from some fool (162b). Socrates can tell from the uneasy look on Critias face that this was his idea, and they exchange some words. Socrates says to him testily that at his age, Charmides can hardly be expected to understand temperance (162e). At this point in the argument, Critias takes up the argument with Socrates suggesting that temperance might be the same as self-knowledge. Socrates confesses as they discuss this that his motive in refuting Critias is to examine himself, that he pursues the argument for his own sake (166c,d). Critias' suggestion that sophrosyne is self-knowledge spurs Socrates to a discussion of the relation between medicine and science. He says that medicine is the science of health and disease, and that a person who does not understand these things is not in a position to distinguish a real physician from a quack (171c). He says that if wisdom really is knowing what you know and knowing what you don't know, no one would ever make a mistake, and we would pass through life without erring. He concludes that this does not happen, and that science is impossible. Socrates says he dreams, however, of a world in which no one pretends to be something he is not (173a-d). In the end, Socrates appears to have recruited a new disciple to philosophy:







#economia #mises
um indivíduo pode pertencer ao mesmo tempo, e na realidade pertence – com exceção das tribos mais primitivas —, a várias en- tidades coletivas. Os problemas suscitados pela coexistência de um grande número de entidades sociais e seus antagonismos recíprocos só podem ser resolvidos pelo individualismo metodológico 15

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Gestaltpsychologie – escola de psicologia que sustenta que os homens percebem o significado ou a re- alidade das coisas de acordo com a forma, padrão, configuração ou arranjo como um todo, e não pela decomposição em partes ou unidades separadas do todo. Exemplos: uma melodia tem maior significado para o ouvinte do que as notas isoladas; três linhas iguais formando um triângulo equilátero têm uma significação diferente das mesmas linhas dispostas de outra maneira. (N.T.)

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1708764040460

Tags
#economia #mises
Question
[...] – escola de psicologia que sustenta que os homens percebem o significado ou a re- alidade das coisas de acordo com a forma, padrão, configuração ou arranjo como um todo, e não pela decomposição em partes ou unidades separadas do todo. Exemplos: uma melodia tem maior significado para o ouvinte do que as notas isoladas; três linhas iguais formando um triângulo equilátero têm uma significação diferente das mesmas linhas dispostas de outra maneira. (N.T.)
Answer
Gestaltpsychologie


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Gestaltpsychologie – escola de psicologia que sustenta que os homens percebem o significado ou a re- alidade das coisas de acordo com a forma, padrão, configuração ou arranjo como um todo, e não pela dec

Original toplevel document (pdf)

cannot see any pdfs







#economia #mises
Aqueles que consideram os eventos históricos como instrumentos para apoio das teses defendidas por seu partido não são historiadores, mas propagandistas e apologis- tas.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Finalmente, aclarados estes problemas, podemos enfrentar a ver- dadeira questão: existe algum elemento subjetivo na compreensão da história e, se existe, de que maneira influencia o resultado dos estudos históricos?

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Os ignorantes positivistas repetem frequentemente que a economia é uma disciplina retrógrada por não ser “quantitativa”. Ela não é quantitativa e não pode efetuar medições porque não existem constantes. Dados estatísticos referentes a eventos econômi- cos são dados históricos. Referem-se àquilo que já aconteceu numa situação histórica e que não acontecerá de novo.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
O historiador pode enumerar todos os fatores que contribuíram para provocar um determinado acontecimento, bem como todos os que o dificultaram ou concorreram para retardá-lo ou abrandá-lo. Mas não pode, a não ser pela compreensão, relacionar quantitativamente os vá- rios fatores causais com os efeitos produzidos. Não pode, a não ser pela compreensão, atribuir, a cada um dos n fatores, seu peso, sua impor- tância na produção do efeito P. No âmbito da história, a compreensão equivale, por assim dizer, à análise quantitativa e à medição.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
A Escola Historicista de Wirtschaftliche Staatswissenschaften 27 na Ale- manha, e o Institucionalismo, nos Estados Unidos, cometeram um erro fundamental ao considerar a economia como uma ciência que estuda o comportamento de um tipo ideal, o homo oeconomicus. De acordo com essa doutrina, a economia clássica ou ortodoxa não lida com o homem como ele realmente é e se limita a analisar a conduta de um ser fictício ou hipotético guiado exclusivamente por motivos “econômicos”, isto é, pelo desejo de conseguir o maior ganho possível, material ou mone- tário.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Por ora o importante é consignar que essa doutrina do lado “econômico” da ação humana deturpa inteiramente os ensinamentos dos economistas clássicos. Nunca afirmaram o que essa doutrina lhes atribui. Tentaram compreender a verdadeira formação de preços – não de preços fictí- cios, como os que seriam determinados se os homens agissem sob a influência de hipotéticas condições, diferentes daquelas que realmen- te ocorrem.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
A praxeologia – portanto também a economia – é um sistema dedu- tivo. Sua força provém do ponto de partida de suas deduções, ou seja, de categoria ação humana. Nenhum teorema econômico, que não este- ja consistentemente ligado a esta origem por uma irrefutável sequência lógica, pode ser considerado como válido.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Quando os filósofos já não se interessavam mais pelo absoluto, os utopistas retomaram o tema, elaborando sonhos sobre o estado per- feito. Não percebem que o estado, o aparato social de compulsão e co- erção, é uma instituição criada para lidar com a imperfeição humana, e que sua função essencial consiste em aplicar punições em minorias, a fim de proteger as maiorias das consequências danosas de certas ações. Com homens “perfeitos”, não haveria necessidade de compul- são e coerção. Os utopistas, entretanto, não levam em consideração a natureza humana nem as inexoráveis condições de vida humana.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Article 1708779244812

Introduction
#1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction

Weak CG is a common thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples of problems. Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. In response to these company failures, regulations have been introduced to promote stronger governance practices and protect financial markets and investors. Academics, policy makers, and other groups have published numerous works discussing the benefits of good corporate governance and identifying core corporate governance principles believed to be essential to ensuring sound capital markets and the stability of the financial system. The investment community has also demonstrated a greater appreciation for the importance of good corporate governance. The assessment of a company’s corporate governance system, including considerat



Flashcard 1708780555532

Tags
#1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction
Question
[...] is a common thread found in many company failures.
Answer
Weak Corporate Governance


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill
Introduction
Weak CG is a common thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples







Flashcard 1708782914828

Tags
#1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction
Question
Some examples of problems in a weak CG are:

A lack of [...]

inadequate protection for [...] , and

incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking
Answer
proper oversight by the board of directors

minority shareholders


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill
Introduction
Weak CG is a common thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples of problems. Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. In response to these company failures, regulations







Flashcard 1708785274124

Tags
#1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction
Question
Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to [...] .
Answer
the 2008–2009 global financial crisis


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill
Introduction
ommon thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples of problems. <span>Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. In response to these company failures, regulations have been introduced to promote stronger governance practices and protect financial markets and investors. Academics, polic







#economia #mises
Mas havia ainda um obstáculo principal a superar: a crítica devas- tadora dos economistas. Marx, entretanto, já tinha uma solução para superar este obstáculo. A razão humana, afirmava ele, por sua própria natureza, não tem condições de descobrir a verdade. A estrutura lógica da mente varia segundo as várias classes sociais. Não existe algo que se possa considerar como uma lógica universalmente válida. A mente humana só pode produzir “ideologias”, ou seja, segundo a terminologia marxista, um conjunto de ideias destinadas a dissimular os interesses egoístas da classe social de quem as formula. Portanto, a mentalidade “burguesa” dos economistas é absolutamente incapaz de produzir algo que não seja uma apologia ao capitalismo. Os ensinamentos da ciência “burguesa”, que são uma consequência da lógica “burguesa”, não têm nenhuma validade para o proletariado, a nova classe social que abolirá todas as classes e transformará a Terra num paraíso.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
O polilogismo marxista assegura que a estrutura lógica da mente é diferente nas várias classes sociais. O polilogismo racial difere do polilogismo marxista apenas na medida em que atribui uma estrutura lógica peculiar a cada raça, e não a cada classe.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Quando, em 1867, publica O capital, Marx tem 49 anos; está na plenitude de sua forma física e intelectual. Por que, então, desde este momento, deixa de escrever, particularmente se já tinha redigido os segundo e terceiro volumes, antes mesmo de estruturar o primeiro, conforme afirma Engels ao prefaciar o citado segundo volume? Teriam por acaso os descobrimentos subjetivistas de Jevons e Menger lhe condenado ao silêncio? Há quem sustente que Marx não entregou aos seus editores o manuscrito original, por ter visto demonstrada a invalidez da célebre teoria da mais valia; por ter percebido que era indefensável a tese do salário vitalmente necessário,

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Angular is a framework for building client applications in HTML and either JavaScript or a language like TypeScript that compiles to JavaScript.

The framework consists of several libraries, some of them core and some optional.

You write Angular applications by composing HTML ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>templates with Angularized markup, writing ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>component classes to manage those templates, adding application logic in ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>services, and boxing components and services in ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>modules.##BAD TAG##texthelpns>

Then you launch the app by ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>bootstrapping the ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>root module.##BAD TAG##texthelpns> Angular takes over, presenting your application content in a browser and responding to user interactions according to the instructions you've provided.##BAD TAG##texthelpns>

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




Modules##BAD TAG##texthelpns>

Angular apps are modular and Angular has its own modularity system called ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>NgModules.##BAD TAG##texthelpns>

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




Every Angular app has at least one NgModule class, ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>the ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>root module, conventionally named ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>AppModule.##BAD TAG##texthelpns>

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




While the ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>root module may be the only module in a small application, most apps have many more ##BAD TAG##texthelpns>feature modules, each a cohesive block of code dedicated to an application domain, a workflow, or a closely related set of capabilities.##BAD TAG##texthelpns>

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




#economia #mises
Aqueles que defendem a livre iniciativa e o livre mercado não defendem os interesses dos que são ricos hoje. Ao contrário, querem que seja aberta a possibilidade para homens desconhecidos – os empresários de amanhã – usarem sua habilidade e engenho, pro- porcionando, desta forma, uma vida mais agradável para as gerações vindouras. Querem que se mantenha aberto o caminho para maior progresso econômico. São eles que formam a verdadeira vanguarda do progresso.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Os marxistas consideram que só um autor de origem proletária pode elaborar uma doutrina que não seja viciada pelos interesses da classe dominante. Mas, quem é proletário? Certamente o dou- tor Marx, o industrial e “explorador” Engels e Lênin, descendentes de famílias nobres, não eram de origem proletária. Por outro lado, Hitler e Mussolini eram genuínos proletários que conheceram a po- breza quando jovens.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
O polilogismo marxista é uma tentativa fracassada de salvar as in- sustentáveis doutrinas socialistas. Tentou substituir o raciocínio pela intuição, apelando para o supersticioso das massas populares.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#filosofia #wiki
O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

Ascetismo (filosofia) – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
ismo (filosofia) Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Ir para: navegação, pesquisa [imagelink] Praticantes de ioga. A ioga é um exemplo de prática ascética. <span>O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual. Muitas vezes, essas práticas consistem no refreamento dos prazeres mundanos e na austeridade. [1] Aquelas que praticam um estilo de vida austero definem suas práticas como virtuosas e




Flashcard 1708827217164

Tags
#filosofia #wiki
Question
O [...]ou [...] é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual.
Answer
ascetismo
asceticismo


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual.

Original toplevel document

Ascetismo (filosofia) – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
ismo (filosofia) Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Ir para: navegação, pesquisa [imagelink] Praticantes de ioga. A ioga é um exemplo de prática ascética. <span>O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual. Muitas vezes, essas práticas consistem no refreamento dos prazeres mundanos e na austeridade. [1] Aquelas que praticam um estilo de vida austero definem suas práticas como virtuosas e







Flashcard 1708829576460

Tags
#filosofia #wiki
Question
O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento [...].
Answer


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual.

Original toplevel document

Ascetismo (filosofia) – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
ismo (filosofia) Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Ir para: navegação, pesquisa [imagelink] Praticantes de ioga. A ioga é um exemplo de prática ascética. <span>O ascetismo ou asceticismo é uma filosofia de vida na qual se realizam certas práticas visando ao desenvolvimento espiritual. Muitas vezes, essas práticas consistem no refreamento dos prazeres mundanos e na austeridade. [1] Aquelas que praticam um estilo de vida austero definem suas práticas como virtuosas e







#economia #mises
Muitos historiadores e escritores modernos estão imbuídos do dogma marxista, segundo o qual o advento do socialismo é não só inevitável, como também extremamente desejável, e as forças traba- lhistas foram designadas para a histórica missão de destruir o sistema capitalista. Partindo dessa premissa, consideram natural que os par- tidos de “esquerda”, os eleitos, recorram à violência e ao crime para atingir seus objetivos.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Mas, se alguma dessas vítimas ousa defender-se ou mesmo revidar a agressão, será duramente criticada. São poucos os que se atrevem a simplesmente mencionar os atos de sabotagem, destruição e violência praticados por grevistas.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Muitos intelectuais in- vejam a renda elevada de negociantes prósperos e este ressentimento os conduz ao socialismo. Acreditam que as autoridades de uma co- munidade socialista lhes pagariam salários maiores do que aqueles que poderiam ganhar no regime capitalista.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




#economia #mises
Os cientistas devem analisar qualquer doutrina como se os seus defensores não tivessem outro propósito a não ser a busca do conhecimento.

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on

pdf

cannot see any pdfs




Flashcard 1708838227212

Tags
#economia #mises
Question
O que deseja o sibaritismo?
Answer
Desejo de luxos e prazeres.


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

pdf

cannot see any pdfs