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on 25-Oct-2016 (Tue)

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2nd degree vaginal tear
#has-images #obgyn
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on pillow/padded ring
-----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP

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Flashcard 1409228606732

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves [...]
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on pillow/padded ring
-----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP
Answer
perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

2nd degree vaginal tear
2nd degree vaginal tear: -involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum) -typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks -to ease discomfort: -----sit on pillow/padded ring -----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine &







Flashcard 1409230179596

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i [...]
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on pillow/padded ring
-----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP
Answer
few wks


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

2nd degree vaginal tear
2nd degree vaginal tear: -involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum) -typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks -to ease discomfort: -----sit on pillow/padded ring -----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward -----press a clean pa







Flashcard 1409231752460

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on [...]
-----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP
Answer
pillow/padded ring


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

2nd degree vaginal tear
ginal tear: -involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum) -typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks -to ease discomfort: -----sit on <span>pillow/padded ring -----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward -----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt







Flashcard 1409233325324

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on pillow/padded ring
-----[...] while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP
Answer
pour warm water over vulva


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

2nd degree vaginal tear
rineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum) -typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks -to ease discomfort: -----sit on pillow/padded ring -----<span>pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward -----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt -----cool wound w/ ice pack ----







Flashcard 1409234898188

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on pillow/padded ring
-----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----[...] when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP
Answer
press a clean pad firmly against wound


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

2nd degree vaginal tear
rectum) -typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks -to ease discomfort: -----sit on pillow/padded ring -----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward -----<span>press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt -----cool wound w/ ice pack -----take pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1409236471052

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
2nd degree vaginal tear:
-involves perineal muscles (the muscles b/w the vagina & anus that help support the uterus, bladder & rectum)
-typically require stitches & begin to heal w/i few wks
-to ease discomfort:
-----sit on pillow/padded ring
-----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward
-----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt
-----cool wound w/ ice pack
-----take [...] as recommended by HCP
Answer
pain relievers or stool softeners


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

2nd degree vaginal tear
ow/padded ring -----pour warm water over vulva while passing urine & rinse w/ squeeze bottle afterward -----press a clean pad firmly against wound when you bear down for bowel mvnt -----cool wound w/ ice pack -----take <span>pain relievers or stool softeners as recommended by HCP <span><body><html>







3rd degree vaginal tear
#has-images #obgyn
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners

statusnot read reprioritisations
last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




Flashcard 1409240927500

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves [...]
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
perineal msc's & anal sphincter


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
3rd degree vaginal tear -involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter -sometimes require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease di







Flashcard 1409242500364

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take [...] to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
months


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
3rd degree vaginal tear -involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter -sometimes require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm







Flashcard 1409244073228

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: [...], painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
fecal incontinence


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
3rd degree vaginal tear -involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter -sometimes require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bott







Flashcard 1409245646092

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, [...]; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
painful intercourse


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
3rd degree vaginal tear -involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter -sometimes require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad a







Flashcard 1409247218956

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---[...]
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
sit on pillow/padded ring


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
ves perineal msc's & anal sphincter -sometimes require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---<span>sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt ---cool wound w/ ice pack ---take pain relievers/







Flashcard 1409248791820

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---[...], press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
ncter -sometimes require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---<span>pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt ---cool wound w/ ice pack ---take pain relievers/stool softeners <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1409250364684

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, [...]
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, <span>press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt ---cool wound w/ ice pack ---take pain relievers/stool softeners <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1409251937548

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---[...]
---take pain relievers/stool softeners
Answer
cool wound w/ ice pack


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
ainful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt ---<span>cool wound w/ ice pack ---take pain relievers/stool softeners <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1409253772556

Tags
#has-images #obgyn
Question
3rd degree vaginal tear
-involves perineal msc's & anal sphincter
-sometimes require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen, talk to HCP
-to ease discomfort:
---sit on pillow/padded ring
---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt
---cool wound w/ ice pack
---
[...]
Answer
take pain relievers/stool softeners


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

3rd degree vaginal tear
ppen, talk to HCP -to ease discomfort: ---sit on pillow/padded ring ---pour warm water over vulva during urination, rinse w/ squeeze bottle, press clean pad against wound during bowel mvnt ---cool wound w/ ice pack ---<span>take pain relievers/stool softeners <span><body><html>







4th degree vaginal tear
#obgyn
4th degree vaginal tear:
-involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum
-usually require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP
-evaluate recovery at post-partum check up

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last reprioritisation on reading queue position [%]
started reading on finished reading on




Flashcard 1409256656140

Tags
#obgyn
Question
4th degree vaginal tear:
-involve [...]
-usually require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP
-evaluate recovery at post-partum check up
Answer
perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

4th degree vaginal tear
4th degree vaginal tear: -involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum -usually require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP -evaluate reco







Flashcard 1409258229004

Tags
#obgyn
Question
4th degree vaginal tear:
-involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum
-usually require repair in OR
-might take [...] to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP
-evaluate recovery at post-partum check up
Answer
months


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

4th degree vaginal tear
4th degree vaginal tear: -involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum -usually require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP -evaluate recovery at post-partum check up </ht







Flashcard 1409259801868

Tags
#obgyn
Question
4th degree vaginal tear:
-involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum
-usually require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: [...]; if these happen talk to HCP
-evaluate recovery at post-partum check up
Answer
fecal incontinence, painful intercourse


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

4th degree vaginal tear
4th degree vaginal tear: -involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum -usually require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP -evaluate recovery at post-partum check up







Flashcard 1409261374732

Tags
#obgyn
Question
4th degree vaginal tear:
-involve perineal msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum
-usually require repair in OR
-might take months to heal
-possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP
-evaluate recovery at [...] check up
Answer
post-partum


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

4th degree vaginal tear
msc's, anal sphincter, & tissue lining rectum -usually require repair in OR -might take months to heal -possible complications: fecal incontinence, painful intercourse; if these happen talk to HCP -evaluate recovery at <span>post-partum check up <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1409263471884

Tags
#obgyn
Question
When is the delivery due date? (how many weeks)
Answer
40 wks


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409265306892

Tags
#obgyn
Question
when is a fetus full term? (# weeks)
Answer
37 weeks


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409267141900

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Para (in G/P) is delivery after [...] ​wks?
Answer
20 wks (doesn't matter whether miscarriage/abortion) as long as had fetus to gestational age


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409268976908

Tags
#obgyn
Question
GBS test is done at how many weeks?
Answer
35-37 weeks


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409270811916

Tags
#obgyn
Question
What do you do if GBS test is +ve (at 35-37wks)?
Answer
need abx in labour, 2 doses 4 h apart


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409271336204

Tags
#obgyn
Question
SROM stands for...
Answer
spontaneous rupture of membrane


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409273171212

Tags
#obgyn
Question
EDC stands for...
Answer
estimated date of confinement = due date


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409275006220

Tags
#obgyn
Question
when triaging pregnant pt's, always ask about what 2 things?
Answer
decreased fetal mvnt + falls in past 6mo


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409276841228

Tags
#obgyn
Question
You can only do VBAC (vag birth after c/s) with how many c/s?
Answer
max 1


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409278938380

Tags
#obgyn
Question
When would you do an u/s to check nuchal translucency? (# gestional age)
Answer
11-14 weeks


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409280773388

Tags
#obgyn
Question
when do you perform an anatomy scan?
Answer
18-20 wks gestational


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409282608396

Tags
#obgyn
Question
what's the purpose of an anatomy scan?
Answer
to check baby's growth & detect structural defects (e.g. brain, heart, lung, spine, kidney, GI, etc)
-doesn't tell us about chr abnormalities


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409286802700

Tags
#obgyn
Question
in triage, at what gestational age do you put the mom on fetal monitor? for how long?
Answer
at 24-26 wks for 10 min


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409288637708

Tags
#obgyn
Question
what is the baseline fetal HR?
Answer
~110-160 BPM


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409290734860

Tags
#obgyn
Question
on fetal heart monitor, if baby is tachy, it could mean that mom is [...]
Answer
dry


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409292832012

Tags
#obgyn
Question
what do you do when the FHR decelerates?
Answer
cold water, increase IV, reposition, vag exam, O2, call Dr


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Vag Bleed
#obgyn
If bleeding pt in triage:
-make sure to ask
---where placenta is (if it's low-line)
---recent intercourse w/i 24h
-can also ask other things like falls
-call Dr if known placenta previa
-light bleeding at full term is no worry

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Flashcard 1409295977740

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If bleeding pt in triage:
-make sure to ask
---[...]
---recent intercourse w/i 24h
-can also ask other things like falls
-call Dr if known placenta previa
-light bleeding at full term is no worry
Answer
where placenta is (if it's low-line)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Vag Bleed
If bleeding pt in triage: -make sure to ask ---where placenta is (if it's low-line) ---recent intercourse w/i 24h -can also ask other things like falls -call Dr if known placenta previa -light bleeding at full term is no worry</







Flashcard 1409297550604

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If bleeding pt in triage:
-make sure to ask
---where placenta is (if it's low-line)
---[...]
-can also ask other things like falls
-call Dr if known placenta previa
-light bleeding at full term is no worry
Answer
recent intercourse w/i 24h


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Vag Bleed
If bleeding pt in triage: -make sure to ask ---where placenta is (if it's low-line) ---recent intercourse w/i 24h -can also ask other things like falls -call Dr if known placenta previa -light bleeding at full term is no worry







Flashcard 1409299123468

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If bleeding pt in triage:
-make sure to ask
---where placenta is (if it's low-line)
---recent intercourse w/i 24h
-can also ask other things like [...]
-call Dr if known placenta previa
-light bleeding at full term is no worry
Answer
falls


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Vag Bleed
If bleeding pt in triage: -make sure to ask ---where placenta is (if it's low-line) ---recent intercourse w/i 24h -can also ask other things like falls -call Dr if known placenta previa -light bleeding at full term is no worry







Flashcard 1409300696332

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If bleeding pt in triage:
-make sure to ask
---where placenta is (if it's low-line)
---recent intercourse w/i 24h
-can also ask other things like falls
-call Dr if known [...]
-light bleeding at full term is no worry
Answer
placenta previa


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Vag Bleed
If bleeding pt in triage: -make sure to ask ---where placenta is (if it's low-line) ---recent intercourse w/i 24h -can also ask other things like falls -call Dr if known placenta previa -light bleeding at full term is no worry







Flashcard 1409302269196

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If bleeding pt in triage:
-make sure to ask
---where placenta is (if it's low-line)
---recent intercourse w/i 24h
-can also ask other things like falls
-call Dr if known placenta previa
-[...] is no worry
Answer
light bleeding at full term


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Vag Bleed
><head>If bleeding pt in triage: -make sure to ask ---where placenta is (if it's low-line) ---recent intercourse w/i 24h -can also ask other things like falls -call Dr if known placenta previa -light bleeding at full term is no worry<html>







Triage - HTN
#obgyn
If HTN in triage:
-do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver)
-urine - check for protein
-look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced)
-LDH/AST are often elevated

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Flashcard 1409305414924

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If HTN in triage:
-do [...] work up (is it affecting kidney/liver)
-urine - check for protein
-look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced)
-LDH/AST are often elevated
Answer
toxic


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Triage - HTN
If HTN in triage: -do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver) -urine - check for protein -look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced) -LDH/AST are often elevated<







Flashcard 1409306987788

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If HTN in triage:
-do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver)
-urine - check for [...]
-look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced)
-LDH/AST are often elevated
Answer
protein


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Triage - HTN
If HTN in triage: -do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver) -urine - check for protein -look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced) -LDH/AST are often elevated







Flashcard 1409308560652

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If HTN in triage:
-do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver)
-urine - check for protein
-look for reduced [...]
-LDH/AST are often elevated
Answer
plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Triage - HTN
If HTN in triage: -do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver) -urine - check for protein -look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced) -LDH/AST are often elevated







Flashcard 1409310133516

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If HTN in triage:
-do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver)
-urine - check for protein
-look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced)
-[...] are often elevated
Answer
LDH/AST


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Triage - HTN
If HTN in triage: -do toxic work up (is it affecting kidney/liver) -urine - check for protein -look for reduced plt in blood (Hg is also sometimes reduced) -LDH/AST are often elevated







triage - decreased mvnt
#obgyn
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage:
-ausc fetal heart if <32wk
-FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats)
-really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks
-if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not)
---for 34+ wks

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Flashcard 1409313017100

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage:
-[...] if <32wk
-FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats)
-really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks
-if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not)
---for 34+ wks
Answer
ausc fetal heart


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

triage - decreased mvnt
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage: -ausc fetal heart if <32wk -FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats) -really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks -if everything seems good, can send h







Flashcard 1409314589964

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage:
-ausc fetal heart if <32wk
-FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - [...])
-really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks
-if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not)
---for 34+ wks
Answer
20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

triage - decreased mvnt
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage: -ausc fetal heart if <32wk -FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats) -really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks -if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not)







Flashcard 1409316162828

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage:
-ausc fetal heart if <32wk
-FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats)
-really need to check if decreased mvnt at [...] wks
-if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not)
---for 34+ wks
Answer
36-38


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

triage - decreased mvnt
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage: -ausc fetal heart if <32wk -FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats) -really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks -if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not) ---for 34+ wks







Flashcard 1409317735692

Tags
#obgyn
Question
If decreased fetal mvnt in triage:
-ausc fetal heart if <32wk
-FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats)
-really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks
-if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts ([...], go to hospital if not)
---for 34+ wks
Answer
8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

triage - decreased mvnt
-ausc fetal heart if <32wk -FHR monitor if >32wk (NST - 20 min, min 2-3 accels by 15 beats) -really need to check if decreased mvnt at 36-38 wks -if everything seems good, can send home w/ paper to count baby mvnts (<span>8-10 pm, min 6 mvnts, go to hospital if not) ---for 34+ wks<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1409319308556

Tags
#obgyn
Question
fetal fibronectin (FFN) is a good predictor of?
Answer
unlikelihood of labour


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Labour Induction
#obgyn
Induction
-pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d)
-always do NST + b/w
-2 ways
---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce)
---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)

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Flashcard 1409322454284

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Induction
-pts overdue by [...]
-always do NST + b/w
-2 ways
---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce)
---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)
Answer
8 days (41w 1d)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Labour Induction
Induction -pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d) -always do NST + b/w -2 ways ---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce) ---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)







Flashcard 1409324027148

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Induction
-pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d)
-always do [...]
-2 ways
---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce)
---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)
Answer
NST + b/w


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Labour Induction
Induction -pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d) -always do NST + b/w -2 ways ---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce) ---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)







Flashcard 1409325600012

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Induction
-pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d)
-always do NST + b/w
-2 ways
---[...]
---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)
Answer
break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Labour Induction
Induction -pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d) -always do NST + b/w -2 ways ---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce) ---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)







Flashcard 1409327172876

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Induction
-pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d)
-always do NST + b/w
-2 ways
---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce)
---[...]
Answer
insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Labour Induction
Induction -pts overdue by 8 days (41w 1d) -always do NST + b/w -2 ways ---break water (+ IV oxy (Pit) if not enough to induce) ---insert prostaglandin gel (24h or 6h)







Flashcard 1409329007884

Tags
#obgyn
Question
normal baby pH = ?
Answer
7.35-7.45 (according to Louise)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






Flashcard 1409330842892

Tags
#obgyn
Question
which cord blood is used for group + RH?
Answer
vein


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill






APGAR score
#obgyn
APGAR score
-appearance (skin colour)
-pulse (HR)
-grimace response (reflexes)
-activity (msc tone)
-respiration (breathing rate + effort)

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Flashcard 1409334250764

Tags
#obgyn
Question
APGAR score
-[...]
-pulse (HR)
-grimace response (reflexes)
-activity (msc tone)
-respiration (breathing rate + effort)
Answer
appearance (skin colour)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

APGAR score
APGAR score -appearance (skin colour) -pulse (HR) -grimace response (reflexes) -activity (msc tone) -respiration (breathing rate + effort)







Flashcard 1409335823628

Tags
#obgyn
Question
APGAR score
-appearance (skin colour)
-[...]
-grimace response (reflexes)
-activity (msc tone)
-respiration (breathing rate + effort)
Answer
pulse (HR)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

APGAR score
APGAR score -appearance (skin colour) -pulse (HR) -grimace response (reflexes) -activity (msc tone) -respiration (breathing rate + effort)







Flashcard 1409337396492

Tags
#obgyn
Question
APGAR score
-appearance (skin colour)
-pulse (HR)
-[...]
-activity (msc tone)
-respiration (breathing rate + effort)
Answer
grimace response (reflexes)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

APGAR score
APGAR score -appearance (skin colour) -pulse (HR) -grimace response (reflexes) -activity (msc tone) -respiration (breathing rate + effort)







Flashcard 1409338969356

Tags
#obgyn
Question
APGAR score
-appearance (skin colour)
-pulse (HR)
-grimace response (reflexes)
-[...]
-respiration (breathing rate + effort)
Answer
activity (msc tone)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

APGAR score
APGAR score -appearance (skin colour) -pulse (HR) -grimace response (reflexes) -activity (msc tone) -respiration (breathing rate + effort)







Flashcard 1409340542220

Tags
#obgyn
Question
APGAR score
-appearance (skin colour)
-pulse (HR)
-grimace response (reflexes)
-activity (msc tone)
-[...]
Answer
respiration (breathing rate + effort)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

APGAR score
APGAR score -appearance (skin colour) -pulse (HR) -grimace response (reflexes) -activity (msc tone) -respiration (breathing rate + effort)







en rund violett kärna med sparsamt med cytoplasma kring kärnan

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Flashcard 1409358892300

Tags
#blod #histologi
Question
Lymfocyt histologiskt
Answer
Rund violett kärna med sparsamt med cytoplasma kring kärnan


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Benmärgsutstryk Giemsa Ytligt betraktat liknar benmärgsutstryket ett blodutstryk med massor av erytrocyter och mogna, vita blodkroppar

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A hormone is a chemical substance that is classified as a peptide, steroid, or amine.

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Hormones are synthesized and secreted by endocrine cells usually found in endocrine glands.

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The classical endocrine glands are the hypothala- mus, anterior and posterior lobes of the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla, gonads, placenta, and pancreas

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Flashcard 1409366756620

Question
Från vad syntetiserar peptid och protein-hormoner?
Answer
Peptide and protein hormones are synthesized from amino acids


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steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol

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amine hormones are derivatives of tyrosine

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In the nucleus, the gene for the hormone is tran- scribed into an mRNA. Generally, a single gene is responsible for directing the primary structure of each peptide hormone. (Because the genes for almost all peptide hormones have been cloned, recombinant DNA technology makes it possible to synthesize human peptide hormones.) 2. The hormone mRNA is transferred to the cytoplasm and translated on the ribosomes to the first protein pro- duct, a preprohormone. Translation of the mRNA begins with a signal peptide at the N terminus. Translation ceases, and the signal peptide attaches to receptors on the endoplasmic reticulum via “docking proteins.” Translation then continues on the endoplasmic reticulum until the entire peptide sequence is produced (i.e., the preprohormone). 3. The signal peptide is removed in the endoplasmic reticulum, converting the preprohormone to a prohormone. The prohormone contains the complete hormone sequence plus other peptide sequences, which will be removed in a final step. Some of the “other” peptide sequences in the pro- hormone are necessary for proper folding of the hormone (e.g., formation of intramolecular linkages). 4. The prohormone is transferred to the Golgi appa- ratus, where it is packaged in secretory vesicles. In the secretory vesicles, proteolytic enzymes cleave peptide sequences from the prohormone to produce the final hormone. Other functions of the Golgi apparatus include glycosylation and phosphoryla- tion of the hormone. 5. The final hormone is stored in secretory vesicles until the endocrine cell is stimulated. For example, parathyroid hormone (PTH) is synthesized and stored in vesicles in the chief cells of the parathyroid gland. The stimulus for secretion of PTH is low extracellular calcium (Ca 2+ ) concentration. When sensors on the parathyroid gland detect a low extra- cellular Ca 2+ concentration, the secretory vesicles are translocated to the cell membrane, where they extrude PTH into the blood by exocytosis. The other constituents of the secretory vesicles, including

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Flashcard 1409372261644

Question
Hur regleras sekretion av hormoner översiktligt?
Answer
Adjustments in secretory rates may be accomplished by neural mechanisms or by feedback mechanisms.


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Negative feedback is the most important and common mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion

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Steroid hormones are synthesized and secreted by the adrenal cortex, gonads, corpus luteum, and pla- centa.

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The steroid hormones are cortisol, aldosterone, estradiol and estriol, progesterone, testosterone, and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol

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All steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol

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The amine hormones are catecholamines and thyroid hormones

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Flashcard 1409379863820

Question
catecholamines
Answer
epinephrine , norepinephrine , and dopamine


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The amine hormones are derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine

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In endocrine systems, negative feedback means that some  feature  of  hormone  action,  directly  or  indirectly,  inhibits further secretion of the hormone

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Long-loop feedback means that the hormone feeds back all  the  way to the hypothalamic-pituitary axis

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The endocrine system is responsible for homeostasis. Growth, devel- opment, reproduction, blood pressure, concentrations of ions and other substances in blood, and even behav- ior are all regulated by the endocrine system.

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Flashcard 1409386679564

Question
The [...], in concert with the nervous system, is responsible for homeostasis. Growth, devel- opment, reproduction, blood pressure, concentrations of ions and other substances in blood, and even behav- ior are all regulated by the endocrine system.
Answer
endocrine system


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Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The endocrine system, in concert with the nervous system, is responsible for homeostasis. Growth, devel- opment, reproduction, blood pressure, concentrations of ions and other substances in blood

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1409389038860

Question
The endocrine system is responsible for [...], and even behav- ior are all regulated by the endocrine system.
Answer
homeostasis. Growth, devel- opment, reproduction, blood pressure, concentrations of ions and other substances in blood


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
The endocrine system is responsible for homeostasis. Growth, devel- opment, reproduction, blood pressure, concentrations of ions and other substances in blood, and even behav- ior are all regulated by the endocrine system.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1409390087436

Question
[...] is a chemical substance that is classified as a peptide, steroid, or amine.
Answer
A hormone


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A hormone is a chemical substance that is classified as a peptide, steroid, or amine.

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A hormone is a chemical substance that is classified as a [...]
Answer
peptide, steroid, or amine.


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'ht:)' m.y h.,,, made it I~n r.,lH::r ,h.n mon: possibk:.o unpack ,he 1(lC.>1. con.lngent ", I .,i"n, be,ween .n)" si,..,n picce of kn""'ledgc ." d it< naml' ,i,,, /cpi>lcmologic. l cn.ailmrnt. for'M ""eker. knov.·~r. 0< tcUer.

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fn:ud ', "" 'n 'hcory . Freud ","as indeed I~tcr.o g..:...,...liu. farnou..,. . • b;t., "' M ddu ' .ions of p" .... noloc. h.,,, .n unp"l "~ bIc ""ern . l simil.ri.y and .mer",,1 k i" l hi p'" 'he ,y" e", s of our philosophe r. " _ .nl ong whom he included hl"'''''1f (lZ:79. '7 : ~7J )

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"The term 'position' de _ scribe, tho c h.,. cteristk postu", tha! !he ego t.ke s up with re$pCct to ito obj ec" __ (Klein] .... ·.nt.d to con'"y, ",i,h the ide. of position. 3 much mnn: flexible lo·and·fro process be,we.n one a nd the oth##BAD TAG##\'t:lopmentol pha",,' (J9 4 )- The n.,ib le 10 · .nd -f ro mO\"m~nt implicit in Klcini"n f"Jitio"-, will oc meful for m)' diS(ussion of pJranoid and reparati,,: critical p'##BAD TAG##

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Second. hu"·",,,, - .nd. II ...,enlS .0 ""'. unnccc ... rily and of l.n dam.glngly _ the I.ck of ,uch. priori i,"",ul1I<) ·. lhe .b>cnco of an)' g" ••• n,,·~d nonp"'judi< i.l point of heginnillg f01" f el11inl~ 1 .hough. wi.hin

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",) ",ho.on.lys;. h .. led to lhe wide"P"'.d 'doJ,,1on b) ' $0<1", think,.. of an o,,,id~tory mimet;" st ...... egy w"'reby. ccn.in . "yliltd viole""" of st.lu:ol , !lffe"'''';''ion mllS! .tw.Y' be rrtn'",td 'II" stlf4l.l_-.l_C\" n. "' he", """ . c>$olry. impostd _ simplyun .... ground Ih •• i. an "",,,.be ~n:olty..w ""'-

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BUI. fortnmplc. in .hi< po$I · lacani.n lradillon. ps)"Choaru. 1, ·lK lhough •• h .. is no! in Ih. Ii" . plact nnl ... Uy organi,.d. .round pilaU;" :,., ou. l difference - muM seemingly be , ... ",I"ed . wilh how", .. , dislOning "',u lti. Intn th .. Idngu.ge hefo'" j. can bf: pullO any mher .h~or".kal usc . T I>< conlingen. poosib;li'ie, of .hinking ",he<~ of .u , h g~",kt rcific,'ion ",nnol be dtfinili,,,ly h~lltd in a##BAD TAG##\o.· • ic i< rnO", dongtmm forsu"" reilic •• jon ",,,'.0 II< uNnriOpaltd .han ofi~n ." II< unchaJlcngrd.

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Bu •• he history of liler~ry criticism 'an abo be ,-;n.'td H • n:p##BAD TAG##• ~ .. rip.ion of Ihe phenomena which i. purpons to uplain: ' .hon 'he de· valued and ncar Om" ..... nl New Cri.ical;lill of im.gin .. "~ el .... read· ing" Bu, ....... , wn al",ady tntO in Emp"-'" and ButU is lrotc in a dilkr- ent ..... y .0<1.,. : .h .... a", irnponanl pncnom.:no1ogi local Ihcurits and!'l(ll1a tam<><>- mi." the potentIally innu m~rabl t mechanisms of their ",I"ion to s'ronger Ih eori e, frn>~ill mme .. of art .nd lopecul,ti"" thougl>l

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A diJturbingly la I • ., .... . m. oftheol)' ""em< explicitly to unden.ke the proIifeution of ~ on~ alf~ct. 'Jir "",y . be, t .... o. of ~·~t"''##BAD TAG##$Otisfaaion. or righteous indigrmion. It's like the old joke: "Co mts the ......... IUlion. Comrade .• ""'Yone gl't$lOUt roaSt bo-.( "'''I)' day."

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"Comes the ",,-oIu.ion. Com.--ade. you·Ulike ~ betf'- COIt"ItS the ~U1ion. Com..w. you'O to. ,idled pink by ##BAD TAG##·1I f.int (rom ennui ~ry minute you'", flOt ,","",. ins Ih ..... e 'pp.ntu,; )"ou 'II defini,ciy wanl hOi ><:x '''''''''y to 'hiny titntJ • doy. You 'U to. mournful~.J miliunL You 'U tlC\Tr "'-w. tOlell Ocleuu and GlUttari. "Not tonight. durl. I h.rt a headache .-

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'" whkll )"Itmorr"w muSt hi: e""n "' 0,., w. tok .. ill ,h.pc from. gen ... ,lonal n.rr~· ,i W 'hot ', "h arJc'triu d by • d;,t inttly Ocdip;ol "'gul.ri,y .nd .... p"';t;,. "CntSlI : It h.oppc""d to my rathe". f.,h .. . it haPl""cd to "'y ra.her. it is happen'ng to me. it will h'pp"n.o my oon. and it will Mppcn 10 my $011', son . But isH ', " . (c.t" .... or queer posSibil ity_on ly •• ontingent f.a,u",. but a real one, ~"##BAD TAG##· it&Clf _ til .. our "·n .... 'i"""l ",I .. ions don't 01" .. ) .. proo:cd in th;, 1 "'''''''1' 1

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Consider the case of Derrida’s missed transformative encounters with Paul, which I will explore further on. Why is it that Derrida deconstructs—or reads in what he calls a “materialist” mode—Platonic assumptions about intentionality in craft production or authorship in text production (realizing that these models so powerfully inform Platonic models of thinking itself), even as Derrida simply rejects and lampoons what he perceives to be the retrograde dualistic metaphysics of the apostle? The difference in treatment here is stunning and not without profound implications for the ongoing discursive life of cultural power: Plato’s dualistic metaphysic is worked into a model of complex material immanence, whereas Paul is simply expelled as a purveyor of a Platonism for the masses, a thinker of

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One should say it clearly and brutally: Christian origins stories of the sort we begin to see in Acts always had a great deal more to do with negotiating the ideological aftermath of this colonial rebellion and its rapaciously brutal repressions than it ever did with the natural outworking of distinct and distinctly ideal identities, projects, or theologies. Such representational, idealizing tales are instead the essentially repressive fantasies of the sort we can begin to intuit already in Acts’ early narrative of Christian origins.

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In this case, for example, some predominantly Gentile branches of the Jesus movement began to imagine more and more essential, representational, or ideal distinctions between themselves and the group that becomes, retroactively, “the Jews” as a suspicious name for what they themselves are not or with which they (self-protectively) do not want to be identified. The drama of Acts remains haunting, of course, and the eventual function of this canonized Western theologico-political history will end up having everything to do with the fact that “Christianity” emerges here through an agreement to participate in an economy of imagined identities within which “the Jewish question” under Roman imperial sovereignty was always really about someon

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In the inflation or expansion of the intitial gestures we have begun to discuss, however, all the latter-day variations of the same ethical (and eventually ontological) problematic are repetitions made possible by such early Christian gestures of collaborationism, gestures that amount to the manufacture of identity premised on the disavowal of a “rebellious” Jewish element worthy of katechontic reprisal.

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Christianity, as the designation of a founding of a new and more universal “religion,” has its point of origin in this political turmoil and social crisis, an effect of the carefully managed pressure to participate in the imperial economy. The key point here, one of the lasting cultural effects of this moment emerges in the way this questionable or not so heroic “origin” was so profoundly mirrored as a form of theological orientation indistinguishable from a form of historical narration. Roman violence against the anticolonial uprisings of Judea and Galilee became understood—again, already in Acts—as retributive divine judgment against the recalcitrance of the Jews, the necessary displacement and scapegoating that made way for an imagination o

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n the ancient instance, the projection of distinct, ideal types coupled wonderfully with the brutalities of effective history in the first centuries C.E., as if this violence afforded the all-important teleological supplement (or clear interpellating experience) by which to drive forward the self-protective, self-constituting self-differentiation from “the Jews.” As the repetition of self here implies, it was with historical narration, in other words, that a populist Platonism came into its own as a force in the Christian world, one so remarkably powerful as soon to attempt to render the Jews into the Christians’ own recalcitrant shadow. The fact that Rome murdered and stole Jews en masse during the sixties and early seventies—just decades before the production of Acts, perhaps—simply provoked and bolstered the investment in an imagined ideal distinction between what would soon be referred to as two “religions.”

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Nietzsche was perfectly correct to see in the emergence and spread of Christianity a kind of pop Platonism (and, like Freud, sometimes a vindictively perverse or sacrificial one at that). What Nietzsche does not recognize sufficiently, on my reading, is that it is not so much Paul as Paul’s place within an emerging Christian narrative Platonizing intervention that constitutes him as the purveyor of this, as it were, ideal or conceptual stance. In one of his remarkable analyses of Paul (which always need to be pushed just a little further to get where we need to be), this one from Daybreak, the genealogist of the material soul of the West concludes: “This [Paul] is the first Christian, the inventor of Christianness! Before him there were only a few Jewish sectarians.

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Unlike Freud’s apostle in Moses and Monotheism, Nietzsche’s Paul was himself not already split, ambivalent, or stranded within effective history in a way that signals the potential for a real transvaluation of the value or function of the figure in question. Nietzsche therefore seems to me not to do with Paul what he obviously knew one must do in relation to modern Europe’s Platonism for the masses, namely, to submit it to a properly genealogical critique. Instead Nietzsche reifies Paul, leaving his place in the archive of Western ontotheology unscathed, forcing the philosopher only to disavow, rather than to transform, the effective Pauline legacy

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WE SHOULD REVIVE THE EARLY CHRISTIAN PRACTICE OF PRODUCING testimonia collections, little assemblages that effect the solicitation, repetition, and dissemination of new communal formulae, so many virtual constitutions of questionably political bodies. With the little collection above I want to flag some ways that to discover Paul floating within an underground current of a new materialism is to read in him an exemplary case of that perplexingly obtrusive enjoyment which constitutes our being—unsaved and unsafe—in the world.

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described in the introduction) that Nietzsche failed to capitalize on the radicality of his critique of Paulinism precisely to the degree that he failed to become Paul. We should take the comparative problematic seriously. Mutually displaced by the elusive solicitations of an underground current of materialism, Paul and ourselves would participate in an oddly secret sharing that needs to be made clearer. As I have already begun to suggest with my little testimonia book, one way to unfold this tale is to consider Pauline klēsis or calling as a mode of Epicurean parenklisis, translated by Lucretius into Latin as clinamen, a tilt or swerve that is intimately linked to important recent efforts to imagine both the materiality of our being in the world and also the peculiarly open or contingent ground of our emancipatory hope.

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Following this trajectory, Slavoj Žižek has gone further in his own early developments of these genealogical points into a political category wherein clinamen as the swerve of “enjoyment” operates as a “constitutive ontological excess,” a “pure excess” in the sense that it has “no presupposed normality.

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Finally, and closely related, Derrida’s psychoanalytic commentary on Lucretius’s need for a declination, swerve, or clinamen within the otherwise orderly falling of atoms in the void could be an enlightening commentary on all of Žižek’s Lacanian work on political enjoyment:

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Note that my little testimonia book weaves together all these interrelated tropes with a Pauline gloss whereby a genuinely surprising “federation” or covenanted collective emerges from “the nothings” or “the nonbeings” (ta mē onta), disparate nothings knitted together into a social experience. To say that it is only in the “weakness” of a witness believed that unites them is to say that their evental emergence or consolidation differs in no respect from the self-grounding or performative strength of what we will soon hear described as interpellation. In the clinamen or parenklisis of klēsis something emerges from nothing, and Paul’s call indicates only the mysterious forcefulness of the, as it were, uncalled for organization of new community.

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In each instance of the testimonia book, therefore, it is the resolute difficulty of maintaining oneself as a singularity that solicits the “return” of the archive of Paulinism. This is important to make clear in the sense that it is not incidentally but rather precisely, specifically that the new materialism invites a genealogical association between Pauline klēsis and Epicurean parenklisis or Lucretian clinamen.

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In Derrida’s peculiarly dogmatic repetition of Nietzsche on several occasions, Derrida makes of Paul the first Christian and the worst kind of pop Platonist. As I have already started to explain, as ironic as it may be, a new materialism must learn to read religion like the postfoundational materialists we claim to be rather than looking to it for indications of an idealism we want to designate as an enemy. In repeating Nietzsche, Derrida effectively leaves the real issue—the excess of phenomenal immanence that disturbs everyday life—outside his readerly frame.

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The subterranean insight, ever articulated and always immediately forgotten, Althusser understands as a countermaterialism, a “completely different mode of thought” to the “various materialisms on record,” including (he tells us) that of Marx, Engels, and Lenin as these tend to be understood (167).

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In fact, Althusser finds the renewal and liberation of this subterranean materialism also in Heidegger, so it is no surprise that Althusser claims that this materialism eludes “the classical criteria of every materialism” and that, in this respect, “We continue to talk about a materialism of the encounter only for the sake of convenience” (171, my emphasis).

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As bearers and heralds of this subversive and subterranean “current” of thought, Althusser mentions Lucretius, Spinoza, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx, Heidegger, and Derrida.

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Althusser is repeatedly at pains to suggest that “religion” is precisely the mode of thought which is rendered inoperable by a materialism of the encounter. 12 T

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I will return shortly to some of the comparisons to be discerned between Breton’s Paul and the late Althusser. But, for the moment I want to repeat very directly that it is a materialism of the encounter itself which, on its own terms, cannot allow either “religion” or Paulinism to remain unscathed or self-enclosed as the idealism they might even think themselves to be.

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This only do I want to know: were you interpellated when you lived like the Jerusalem community or when we lived as we do in Galatia where we heard and believed? We the believing, we’re the real kids of Abraham. —cf. Paul to the Galatians (3:2, 7

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One of the important things about Derrida’s genealogy of Epicurean clinamen in “My Chances/Mes Chances: A Rendezvous with Some Epicurean Stereophonies” is the way it inflects and avows the materialism of his early and career-making doctrines about writing and dissemination

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Derrida writes: “Of course, I still dream of resurrection. But the resurrection I dream of, for my part, at the ends of the verdict, the resurrection I’m stretched out toward, would no longer have to be a miracle, but the reality of the real, quite simply, if it’s possible, ordinary reality finally rendered, beyond fantasy or hallucination” (87). The beatific conjuring of the final act of this dialogue, then, is one in which the textual persona of the philosopher, so wearied with the weaving and unweaving of discourses of truth as unveiling (cf. 39f.), finds himself happy in the everyday, not tormented by desire either to veil or to unveil but contented in the everyday as a “new finitude” (87, emphasis added).

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Put differently, why is Derrida’s essay so docile in the face of Paul’s texts, even if this docility functions in the service of criticizing Paulinism as a discourse of (both) veiling and unveiling which—precisely —must be eluded as part the old epoch of “truth as onto-logical revelation” (83)? Derrida’s is here the same laziness or dogmatism we noted in Althusser’s text, a laziness or dogmatism—we should never forget—which is simply the obverse of the (initially) self- protective gesture of Breton as ecclesiastical gatekeeper of Paulinism

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can be anybody’s birthday? What, can the identical day that has once occurred recur again and again [Quid? idemne potest esse dies saepius qui semel fuit?]? It is definitely not possible [Certe non potest]…. Is a person’s birthday to be observed when he is dead [etiamne post mortem coletur]? Such a provision ill became one whose “intellect had roamed” over unnumbered worlds and realms of infinite space, without shores or circumference [innumerabiles mundos infinitasque regiones, quarum nulla esset ora, nulla extremitas]. —Cicero, On Ends, 101 (II.xxxi

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As you may recall, in a foreshadowing of Pierre Hadot, the later Michel Foucault, and Peter Sloterdijk, the young Marx takes up Hellenistic philosophy for its significance as an indication of the “subjective form” (rather than “metaphysical content”) of the philosophical enterprise. For Marx, as for the later thinkers, this period of philosophy becomes important, above all, for its indications of—one might say—spiritual exercises.

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Marx finds in the philosophical archive pointers about the possibility of thought as a disciplined “way” of life in practice, practicing at life. Indeed, it is this aspect of the practice of philosophy that, Marx argues, constitutes the often elided chasm of difference between the philosophical systems of Democritus and Epicurus. In Marx’s genealogy, Democritus thinks that subjective appearance is mere appearance, a merely subjective effect of causal structures that constitute a systematic whole in their own right. Radically different, according to Marx, is the Epicurean view that the subjective is itself grounded without reserve in the movement of atoms in a way that precludes any dualism of the phenomena, quilting together more primordially natural ground and phenomenal perspective on the same

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Cicero and Aquinas alike must not be given Roman instrumental control over these celebratory sessions. Serres summarizes the point by reference to the simulacra numinum of Lucretius, those simulations or images which cut across vectors of space and time like so many nomads, rogue wanderers (recall, precisely, Cicero’s joking sarcasm about Epicurus’s mind) along fragments of time. 32 Such ghosts, such simulacra, are as real, as material, as anything (and everything)

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Why are there celebratory banquets for the undead rather than nothing? To understand, we will need a new model of myth that will have nothing to do with the need of the critics of “ontotheology” always and ever to imagine religion as wanting to be thought of as a stable doubling structure of the world in another one. Rather, as Serres writes, these stochastic emergences “are brought back to zero by deterioration, ruin and death. But, temporarily, they form” (22). Indeed, and so did Paulinism, for a while until its expectations and desires faded and his curators therefore pretended as though he had been teaching the stabilities of a pop Platonic universe

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Breton once said about Christianity, something I think we should affirm in relationship to materialism as well: “We consequently relinquish the image of a simple body that the dream of a new alchemy would disengage under the sign of critique at the end of its effort. Authentic Christianity [sic] is not behind us: it is in front of us.”

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unaware of the mechanical causality which actually does the work—on the contrary, the quasi-cause fills in the gap of corporeal causality. In this strict sense, and insofar as the Event is the Sense-Event, the quasi-cause is non-sense as inherent to Sense.” 9 The background economy, if you will, does not itself exist without being posited by, precisely, the fetishistic, swerved, or ungrounded investments in “pieces” of it. In a world which continues to be dominated by finance capital and the fetishistic utopias of “little” consumerist investments, Žižek’s diagnosis is both compelling and an important supplement to the kind of (late) Althusserian Paulinism I describe in Breton.

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In a description that is very much in keeping with what Breton does with allegory, Žižek brilliantly suggests that the very reversal of temporal or mechanical causality is what keeps pace with a contemporary ontology within a world of hypercapitalist economies of life, but also what makes us need to reverse simplistic reversals of Hegelian assumed idealism into a certain type of Marxist materialism:

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of gestures in which a teleological reading of the structure of the universe explodes to life, precisely, as a “semantic order,” as if the “meaning of Being,” or the structures of ontology itself, could be read in the forceful imperative of a speech performance like “let there be light!” 11 The narrative loop here is one in which power is produced immanently or retroactively in the spectacular doubling or affirmation of power itself. Power exists only in its subjective affirmation, a purely superficial or surfacy phenomenological space that is only “caused” by power after the excessive fact of its affirmation, a story that increasingly began to dominate Althusser’s rewiring of Marxist traditions of ideology.

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Consider Ricoeur, who misses very precisely the affinities I am diagnosing here: “Althusser reminds us of Heidegger in the hermeneutic circle, though I doubt he had that at all in mind. (Althusser hardly seems very much Heideggerian; Heidegger must be the worst of all ideologists for someone like Althusser.)” 14 Ricoeur did not see the significance, precisely, of what seemed a kind of category mistake to the hermeneut, Althusser mistakenly presenting his work on ideology as a form of Heideggerian facticity. As noted previously, Giorgio Agamben reads Heideggerian “facticity,” or the thereness of the everyday, as a form of “passion,” which I further explicated in light of the “swerve” of clinamen, links that will mean a great deal to Breton.

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Étienne Balibar describes as Althusser’s “conceptual break with any expressive causality, the decisive step towards materialism” or toward a kind of immanence in relation to the self-reproductive force of the social itself rather than to second order descriptions of it.

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Contingency, the necessity of the “as if” which guards all everyday experiences of reality, begin to blur into a kind of Stoically or Spinozistically immanentized repetition of earlier tales of revelatory encounter, an encounter with radically exterior sovereignty which functions as a touchstone all the more dramatically for its having become immanent, as if democratized or universalized in the experience of the everyday.

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While they sometimes seem skittish about using the Pauline archive themselves, the basic paradox here is just what Gianni Vattimo and Santiago Zabala explore as a form of (to mention the title of their book) Hermeneutical Communism. Heidegger, they write, “noticed how every statement, whether true or false, valid or invalid, good or evil, is always a derivative one, since the ‘apophantic as’ is only possible within the ‘hermeneutic’ as.” Generally preceded by, and therefore repeating, a disclosive or founding revelatory event, most of our oriented thinking operates as an effect of a (hidden or absent) cause

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Just to fill out the sketch, this is of course the same dynamic that leads Giorgio Agamben, too, to explore a kind of phenomenology of the spectacle, which he construes in terms of ancient theologies of “glory.” In light of the mention of Althusser and Heidegger, Agamben’s framing of his own project needs to be cited: Let us begin this investigation with an attempt to reconstruct the genealogy of a paradigm that has exercised a decisive influence on the development and the global arrangement of Western society, although it has rarely been thematized as such outside the strictly theological field. One of the theses that we shall try to demonstrate is that two broadly speaking political paradigms, antinomical but functionally related to one another, derive from Christian theology: political theology, which founds the transcendence of sovereign power on the single God, and economic theology, which replaces this transcendence with the idea of an oikonomia, conceived as an immanent ordering— domestic and not political in the strict sense—of both divine and human life. Political philosophy and the modern theory of sovereignty derive from the first paradigm; modern biopolitics up to the current triumph of economy and government over every other aspect of social life derive from the second period

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For the moment it is worth noting that it is precisely in the context of this juxtaposition of Paul and Althusser that Breton’s central reflections on the kenotic, emptying, or hollowing “call” that is a Pauline proclamation of a crucified messiah become significant as a mode of subverting the otherwise always already effective link between power and facticity. In Breton’s philosophical appropriation of Paul is the scandalously unsettling, even “stupid” (cf. mōria in 1 Corinthians 1) identification with the crucified messiah that names a potential detachment, unhinging, or bracketing of the “special kind of obviousness” by which our world, or any world, solicits our participation, incites affirmation, thereby becoming what it is. 26 FOUNDING RUPTURE: PAULINISM AND VOID-TALK 27 When I spoke above about Breton’s distance from the (academic) authorities on Paulinism and the Pauline legacies, I was not merely making evaluative claims. On the contrary, such an authorial stance was Breton’s effort not to play the docile philosophical transmitter of the

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The void into which one may throw threatening terrorists of all sorts is an abyss that can never be filled, as the constitutive threat of the negation of an ensemble is a wound that can never be healed. In this respect, Breton’s work is very close to the discussions of ideology in Slavoj Žižek, as both imagine that what the limit to identity prohibits—the access this limit also forecloses (to the new, the beyond, the purified, unscathed, or saved)—is reflective or internal to the system itsel

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Breton will suggest, therefore, that the martyrological or persecutorial passion of enthusiasm—the obsession with finally solving or grounding the ensemble in question, with finally conjuring it into full presence—is itself merely a form of the “death instinct,” a longing for the release of cultural life from its limits, in death or in a way that is (as Breton suggests above) “incompatible with life.”

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#aviation #wiki
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered , fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller .

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Airplane - Wikipedia
magelink] [emptylink] The first flight of an airplane, the Wright Flyer on December 17, 1903 [imagelink] [emptylink] An All Nippon Airways Boeing 777 -300 taking off from New York JFK Airport . <span>An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered , fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine , propeller or rocket engine . Airplanes come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and wing configurations . The broad spectrum of uses for airplanes includes recreation , transportation of goods and people, military , and




Flashcard 1409649085708

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#aviation #wiki
Question
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered , fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a [...] or propeller .
Answer
jet engine


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An airplane or aeroplane A (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller.

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Airplane - Wikipedia
her uses, see Airplane (disambiguation) and Aeroplane (disambiguation). [imagelink] North American P-51 Mustang, a World War II fighter [imagelink] The first flight of an airplane, the Wright Flyer on December 17, 1903 <span>An airplane or aeroplane A (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller. Airplanes come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and wing configurations. The broad spectrum of uses for airplanes includes recreation, transportation of goods and people, military, and re







Flashcard 1409650134284

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#aviation #wiki
Question
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered , fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or [...] .
Answer
propeller


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An airplane or aeroplane A (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller.

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Airplane - Wikipedia
her uses, see Airplane (disambiguation) and Aeroplane (disambiguation). [imagelink] North American P-51 Mustang, a World War II fighter [imagelink] The first flight of an airplane, the Wright Flyer on December 17, 1903 <span>An airplane or aeroplane A (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller. Airplanes come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and wing configurations. The broad spectrum of uses for airplanes includes recreation, transportation of goods and people, military, and re







Breton’s “nothing” urges us to see beyond the “reification” of subjects and objects as they have come to exist in our time or that of others. 51 This necessarily ascetic openness to seeing our world “negated” in this way, this form of losing of our lives for the sake of the inaugural rupture, however, is also a way of gaining a sense of a creative pulsation of life yet to come, indeed a pulsation Breton describes as “the auto- construction of the spirit, the specific autonomy of the [world] soul and of the birth of the world.”

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his is important to say, as this productive movement, this dispossessed life, is what Breton sometimes calls “the rigor of the negative,” the paradoxes of which (between loss and excess, death and life) are unavoidable. 53 In ways reminiscent of Walter Benjamin’s “messianic” figures, in Breton the minimal difference indicated by reference to a “void” within the field of the visible may be read as a kind of wink, a slight alteration in appearance that is also an indication that the world of appearances is or could yet be otherwise. Like Benjamin’s messianic time, the revolutionary transvaluation of all values, the changing of everything, is a potential of a minimal, evanescent tweak of appearance. 54 In the thinker’s (and, more aptly, as it is the figure Breton almost always has in mind, the cultural critic’s) openness to the messageless message of the wink, however, a truly excessive being may yet donate what Breton often designates as “that which it neither is nor owns.” To return to the issue of the “peculiar kind of obviousness” that is our more or less prescripted place within a given world, here we see Breton exploring modes of thinking “cross” as that which insinuates—weakly, with a mere wink or even as only a form of dreamy madness—a solicitation to a world in which everything will be changed

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The identification of the divine with the crucified for Breton then names the crossing of multiple intersections. In its pathological attachment to the moment of a crucified messiah, divinity finds itself inflicted with the most hair-raising case of what Breton sometimes calls “mad love,” impassioned attachment that unhinges the coordinates of preestablished identity. At the same moment of this intensely erotic investment, however, there is for Breton an uncanny distancing effect that settles into the otherwise personal attachment, this dual and paradoxical movement summarized perfectly by Breton as a “shadow cast by a personal relation converted into the a priori o

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Flashcard 1409659047180

Question
steroid hormones are derivatives of [...]
Answer
cholesterol


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steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol

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Flashcard 1409660620044

Question
[...] hormones are derivatives of cholesterol
Answer
steroid


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Flashcard 1409662192908

Question
[...] hormones are derivatives of tyrosine
Answer
amine


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amine hormones are derivatives of tyrosine

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Flashcard 1409663765772

Question
amine hormones are derivatives of [...]
Answer
tyrosine


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AARRR

Maker: Dave McClure

AARRR or ( Acquisition, Activation, Retention, Referral, Revenue ) is a framework for customer lifecycle.

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13 Mental Models Every Founder Should Know – The Mission – Medium
5F8XOsifAg.png" class="progressiveMedia-noscript js-progressiveMedia-inner"> Startups in 13 Sentences: 5. Better to make a few users love you than a lot ambivalent. Airbnb co-founder Brian Chesky: make 100 people love your product AARRR Maker: Dave McClure AARRR or ( Acquisition, Activation, Retention, Referral, Revenue ) is a framework for customer lifecycle. Startup Metrics for Pirates: