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on 01-Nov-2016 (Tue)

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Flashcard 1411340700940

Question
[...] (EPSPs) are synaptic inputs that depolarize the postsynaptic cell
Answer
Excitatory postsynaptic potentials


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Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) are synaptic inputs that depolarize the postsynaptic cell

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Flashcard 1411342273804

Question
Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) are synaptic inputs that [...] the postsynaptic cell
Answer
depolarize


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Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) are synaptic inputs that depolarize the postsynaptic cell

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Flashcard 1411343846668

Question
Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) are synaptic inputs that depolarize the [...]
Answer
postsynaptic cell


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Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) are synaptic inputs that depolarize the postsynaptic cell

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411345419532

Question
[...] is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)
Answer
Hyposmotic urine


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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

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Flashcard 1411346992396

Question
Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of [...] (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)
Answer
ADH


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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411348565260

Question
Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is [...] (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)
Answer
ineffective


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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411350138124

Question
[default - edit me]
Answer
low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus


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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#obgyn
Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required

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Flashcard 1411352759564

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#obgyn
Question
Oxytocin is used to [...] when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required
Answer
improve inadequate contractions


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Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required







Flashcard 1411354332428

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Question
Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when [...] or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required
Answer
dystocia is diagnosed


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Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required







Flashcard 1411355905292

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#obgyn
Question
Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to [...] when labour induction is required
Answer
initiate contractions


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Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required







Flashcard 1411357478156

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when [...]
Answer
labour induction is required


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Oxytocin is used to improve inadequate contractions when dystocia is diagnosed or to initiate contractions when labour induction is required







#obgyn
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Severe vaginal bleeding
• Placenta previa
• Hypotension
• Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)
• Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision
• Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour

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Flashcard 1411360361740

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#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
[...]
• Placenta previa
• Hypotension
• Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)
• Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision
• Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour
Answer
Severe vaginal bleeding


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Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Severe vaginal bleeding • Placenta previa • Hypotension • Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech) • Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision • Pelvic structural deformities wh







Flashcard 1411361934604

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Severe vaginal bleeding
[...]
• Hypotension
• Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)
• Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision
• Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour
Answer
Placenta previa


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Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Severe vaginal bleeding • Placenta previa • Hypotension • Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech) • Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision • Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstr







Flashcard 1411363507468

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Severe vaginal bleeding
• Placenta previa
[...]
• Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)
• Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision
• Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour
Answer
Hypotension


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Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Severe vaginal bleeding • Placenta previa • Hypotension • Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech) • Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision • Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour







Flashcard 1411365080332

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Severe vaginal bleeding
• Placenta previa
• Hypotension
[...]
• Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision
• Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour
Answer
Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)


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Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Severe vaginal bleeding • Placenta previa • Hypotension • Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech) • Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision • Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour







Flashcard 1411366653196

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Severe vaginal bleeding
• Placenta previa
• Hypotension
• Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)
[...]
• Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour
Answer
Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision


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Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Severe vaginal bleeding • Placenta previa • Hypotension • Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech) • Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision • Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour







Flashcard 1411368226060

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#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Severe vaginal bleeding
• Placenta previa
• Hypotension
• Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech)
• Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision
[...]
Answer
Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour


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ontra-indications to oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Severe vaginal bleeding • Placenta previa • Hypotension • Abnormal lie (transverse, footling breech) • Prior classical or inverted-T uterine incision • <span>Pelvic structural deformities which would lead to obstructed labour<span><body><html>







#obgyn
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min)
• Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)
• Water intoxication (ADH effect)
• Hypotension (Vasodilatation)

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Flashcard 1411371896076

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#obgyn
Question
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
[...] (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min)
• Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)
• Water intoxication (ADH effect)
• Hypotension (Vasodilatation)
Answer
Fetal compromise


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Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min) • Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation) • Water intoxication (ADH effect) • Hypoten







Flashcard 1411373468940

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#obgyn
Question
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Fetal compromise (from [...] = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min)
• Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)
• Water intoxication (ADH effect)
• Hypotension (Vasodilatation)
Answer
uterine hyperstimulation


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Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min) • Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation) • Water intoxication (ADH effect) • Hypotension (Vasodilatation)</s







Flashcard 1411375041804

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = [...])
• Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)
• Water intoxication (ADH effect)
• Hypotension (Vasodilatation)
Answer
contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min


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Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min) • Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation) • Water intoxication (ADH effect) • Hypotension (Vasodilatation)







Flashcard 1411376614668

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#obgyn
Question
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min)
[...]
• Water intoxication (ADH effect)
• Hypotension (Vasodilatation)
Answer
Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)


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Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min) • Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation) • Water intoxication (ADH effect) • Hypotension (Vasodilatation)







Flashcard 1411378187532

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min)
• Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)
[...]
• Hypotension (Vasodilatation)
Answer
Water intoxication (ADH effect)


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head>Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min) • Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation) • Water intoxication (ADH effect) • Hypotension (Vasodilatation)<html>







Flashcard 1411379760396

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Adverse Effects of oxytocin administration in pregnancy:
• Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min)
• Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation)
• Water intoxication (ADH effect)
[...]
Answer
Hypotension (Vasodilatation)


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of oxytocin administration in pregnancy: • Fetal compromise (from uterine hyperstimulation = contraction >2 min long or >5 contractions/10 min) • Uterine rupture (hyperstimulation) • Water intoxication (ADH effect) • <span>Hypotension (Vasodilatation)<span><body><html>







#obgyn
For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example):
• Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min
• Increase Interval: every 30 min
• Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU
• Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary

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Flashcard 1411382643980

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#obgyn
Question
For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example):
• Initial dose: [...] mU/min
• Increase Interval: every 30 min
• Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU
• Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary
Answer
1 – 2


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For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example): • Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min • Increase Interval: every 30 min • Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU • Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary







Flashcard 1411384741132

Tags
#obgyn
Question
For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example):
• Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min
• Increase Interval: every [...] min
• Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU
• Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary
Answer
30


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For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example): • Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min • Increase Interval: every 30 min • Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU • Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary







Flashcard 1411386313996

Tags
#obgyn
Question
For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example):
• Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min
• Increase Interval: every 30 min
• Dosage Increment: [...] mU
• Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary
Answer
1 – 2


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For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example): • Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min • Increase Interval: every 30 min • Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU • Usual Dose for Good Labour: 8 – 12 mU/min but may vary







Flashcard 1411387886860

Tags
#obgyn
Question
For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example):
• Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min
• Increase Interval: every 30 min
• Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU
• Usual Dose for Good Labour: [...] mU/min but may vary
Answer
8 – 12


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n>For augmentation of labour using oxytocin (different protocols may be used – this is one example): • Initial dose: 1 – 2 mU/min • Increase Interval: every 30 min • Dosage Increment: 1 – 2 mU • Usual Dose for Good Labour: <span>8 – 12 mU/min but may vary<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411389459724

Tags
#obgyn
Question
assisted vaginal birth = ?
Answer
forceps or vacuum extractor


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Flashcard 1411391294732

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#obgyn
Question
fetal indication for assisted vag birth
Answer
Evidence of fetal compromise requiring immediate delivery


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#obgyn
maternal indications for assisted vag birth:
• Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage
• Conditions which require a shortened second stage
• Conditions which contraindicate pushing
• Inefficient maternal effort

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Flashcard 1411394440460

Tags
#obgyn
Question
maternal indications for assisted vag birth:
• Failure to [...]
• Conditions which require a shortened second stage
• Conditions which contraindicate pushing
• Inefficient maternal effort
Answer
deliver spontaneously in the second stage


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maternal indications for assisted vag birth: • Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage • Conditions which require a shortened second stage • Conditions which contraindicate pushing • Inefficient maternal effort







Flashcard 1411396013324

Tags
#obgyn
Question
maternal indications for assisted vag birth:
• Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage
• Conditions which require [...]
• Conditions which contraindicate pushing
• Inefficient maternal effort
Answer
a shortened second stage


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maternal indications for assisted vag birth: • Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage • Conditions which require a shortened second stage • Conditions which contraindicate pushing • Inefficient maternal effort







Flashcard 1411397586188

Tags
#obgyn
Question
maternal indications for assisted vag birth:
• Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage
• Conditions which require a shortened second stage
• Conditions which [...]
• Inefficient maternal effort
Answer
contraindicate pushing


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maternal indications for assisted vag birth: • Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage • Conditions which require a shortened second stage • Conditions which contraindicate pushing • Inefficient maternal effort







Flashcard 1411399159052

Tags
#obgyn
Question
maternal indications for assisted vag birth:
• Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage
• Conditions which require a shortened second stage
• Conditions which contraindicate pushing
[...]
Answer
Inefficient maternal effort


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d><head>maternal indications for assisted vag birth: • Failure to deliver spontaneously in the second stage • Conditions which require a shortened second stage • Conditions which contraindicate pushing • Inefficient maternal effort <html>







#obgyn
Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum):
• Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow
• Unengaged head
• Incompletely dilated cervix
• Low probability of success

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Flashcard 1411402042636

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#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum):
[...]
• Unengaged head
• Incompletely dilated cervix
• Low probability of success
Answer
Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow


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Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum): • Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow • Unengaged head • Incompletely dilated cervix • Low probability of success







Flashcard 1411403615500

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum):
• Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow
[...]
• Incompletely dilated cervix
• Low probability of success
Answer
Unengaged head


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Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum): • Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow • Unengaged head • Incompletely dilated cervix • Low probability of success







Flashcard 1411405188364

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum):
• Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow
• Unengaged head
[...]
• Low probability of success
Answer
Incompletely dilated cervix


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Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum): • Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow • Unengaged head • Incompletely dilated cervix • Low probability of success







Flashcard 1411406761228

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum):
• Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow
• Unengaged head
• Incompletely dilated cervix
[...]
Answer
Low probability of success


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Contra-indications for operative delivery (forceps or vacuum): • Non-cephalic presentation, face or brow • Unengaged head • Incompletely dilated cervix • Low probability of success







#obgyn
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum:
• <34 weeks’ gestation
• Deflexed attitude of fetal head
• Need for rotation
• Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)

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Flashcard 1411411217676

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#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum:
[...] weeks’ gestation
• Deflexed attitude of fetal head
• Need for rotation
• Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)
Answer
<34


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Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum: • <34 weeks’ gestation • Deflexed attitude of fetal head • Need for rotation • Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)







Flashcard 1411412790540

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum:
• <34 weeks’ gestation
[...]
• Need for rotation
• Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)
Answer
Deflexed attitude of fetal head


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum: • <34 weeks’ gestation • Deflexed attitude of fetal head • Need for rotation • Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)







Flashcard 1411414363404

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Question
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum:
• <34 weeks’ gestation
• Deflexed attitude of fetal head
• Need for [...]
• Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)
Answer
rotation


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum: • <34 weeks’ gestation • Deflexed attitude of fetal head • Need for rotation • Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)







Flashcard 1411415936268

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#obgyn
Question
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum:
• <34 weeks’ gestation
• Deflexed attitude of fetal head
• Need for rotation
[...]
Answer
Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Contra-indications Specific to Vacuum: • <34 weeks’ gestation • Deflexed attitude of fetal head • Need for rotation • Fetal conditions (bleeding disorder, demineralization disorder)







#obgyn
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)

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Flashcard 1411418819852

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
[...] presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
Vertex


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by cli







Flashcard 1411420392716

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#obgyn
Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
[...] engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
Vertex


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Mat







Flashcard 1411421965580

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
[...]
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
Term or near term fetus


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Maternal bladder empty • Backup plan







Flashcard 1411423538444

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
[...]
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
Cervix fully dilated


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Maternal bladder empty • Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not su







Flashcard 1411425111308

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
[...]
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
Membranes ruptured


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Maternal bladder empty • Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)</spa







Flashcard 1411426684172

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate [...]
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
anesthesia


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Maternal bladder empty • Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)<html>







Flashcard 1411428257036

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate [...]
• Maternal bladder empty
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
maternal pelvis by clinical assessment


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
pan>Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate <span>maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Maternal bladder empty • Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411429829900

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
[...]
• Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)
Answer
Maternal bladder empty


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
tractor or forceps: • Vertex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • <span>Maternal bladder empty • Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411431402764

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Question
Prerequisites for application of vacuum extractor or forceps:
• Vertex presentation
• Vertex engaged
• Term or near term fetus
• Cervix fully dilated
• Membranes ruptured
• Adequate anesthesia
• Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment
• Maternal bladder empty
[...]
Answer
Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
tex presentation • Vertex engaged • Term or near term fetus • Cervix fully dilated • Membranes ruptured • Adequate anesthesia • Adequate maternal pelvis by clinical assessment • Maternal bladder empty • <span>Backup plan (if forceps or vacuum not successful may need CS)<span><body><html>







#obgyn
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth:
• Maternal soft tissue trauma
• Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration)
• Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures
• Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum

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Flashcard 1411434286348

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Question
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth:
[...]
• Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration)
• Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures
• Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum
Answer
Maternal soft tissue trauma


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth: • Maternal soft tissue trauma • Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration) • Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures • Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage wit







Flashcard 1411435859212

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth:
• Maternal soft tissue trauma
[...]
• Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures
• Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum
Answer
Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth: • Maternal soft tissue trauma • Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration) • Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures • Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum







Flashcard 1411437432076

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth:
• Maternal soft tissue trauma
• Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration)
• Increased risk of [...]
• Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum
Answer
intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth: • Maternal soft tissue trauma • Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration) • Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures • Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum







Flashcard 1411439004940

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth:
• Maternal soft tissue trauma
• Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration)
• Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures
[...] with vacuum
Answer
Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Risks of Assisted Vaginal Birth: • Maternal soft tissue trauma • Fetal scalp trauma (hemorrhage, laceration) • Increased risk of intra-ventricular hemorrhage with multiple procedures • Fetal subgaleal or subaponeurotic hemorrhage with vacuum







#obgyn
Most Common Indications for C/S:
• Repeat C-Section
• Dystocia
• Breech presentation and other malpresentations
• Non-reassuring fetal status

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Flashcard 1411441888524

Tags
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Question
Most Common Indications for C/S:
[...]
• Dystocia
• Breech presentation and other malpresentations
• Non-reassuring fetal status
Answer
Repeat C-Section


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Most Common Indications for C/S: • Repeat C-Section • Dystocia • Breech presentation and other malpresentations • Non-reassuring fetal status







Flashcard 1411443461388

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Most Common Indications for C/S:
• Repeat C-Section
[...]
• Breech presentation and other malpresentations
• Non-reassuring fetal status
Answer
Dystocia


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Most Common Indications for C/S: • Repeat C-Section • Dystocia • Breech presentation and other malpresentations • Non-reassuring fetal status







Flashcard 1411445034252

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Most Common Indications for C/S:
• Repeat C-Section
• Dystocia
[...]
• Non-reassuring fetal status
Answer
Breech presentation and other malpresentations


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Most Common Indications for C/S: • Repeat C-Section • Dystocia • Breech presentation and other malpresentations • Non-reassuring fetal status







Flashcard 1411446607116

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Most Common Indications for C/S:
• Repeat C-Section
• Dystocia
• Breech presentation and other malpresentations
[...]
Answer
Non-reassuring fetal status


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Most Common Indications for C/S: • Repeat C-Section • Dystocia • Breech presentation and other malpresentations • Non-reassuring fetal status







#obgyn
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
• Cord Prolapse
• Previous Uterine Surgery
• Previous Classical CS
• Previous Uterine Rupture
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)

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Flashcard 1411449490700

Tags
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Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
[...]
• Cord Prolapse
• Previous Uterine Surgery
• Previous Classical CS
• Previous Uterine Rupture
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)
Answer
Placenta Previa


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pel







Flashcard 1411451063564

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
[...]
• Previous Uterine Surgery
• Previous Classical CS
• Previous Uterine Rupture
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)
Answer
Cord Prolapse


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted







Flashcard 1411452636428

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
• Cord Prolapse
[...]
• Previous Classical CS
• Previous Uterine Rupture
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)
Answer
Previous Uterine Surgery


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)







Flashcard 1411454209292

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
• Cord Prolapse
• Previous Uterine Surgery
[...]
• Previous Uterine Rupture
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)
Answer
Previous Classical CS


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)







Flashcard 1411455782156

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
• Cord Prolapse
• Previous Uterine Surgery
• Previous Classical CS
[...]
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)
Answer
Previous Uterine Rupture


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)







Flashcard 1411457355020

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
• Cord Prolapse
• Previous Uterine Surgery
• Previous Classical CS
• Previous Uterine Rupture
[...]
• Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)
Answer
Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)







Flashcard 1411458927884

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Absolute Indications for C/S:
• Placenta Previa
• Cord Prolapse
• Previous Uterine Surgery
• Previous Classical CS
• Previous Uterine Rupture
• Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow)
[...]
Answer
Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
>Absolute Indications for C/S: • Placenta Previa • Cord Prolapse • Previous Uterine Surgery • Previous Classical CS • Previous Uterine Rupture • Malpresentation (breech, transverse, brow) • Obstructed pelvis (mass, contracted)<html>







#obgyn
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
• Abnormal progression in labour
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
• Diabetes
• Cardiac disease
• Placental abruption
• Multiple Pregnancy

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Flashcard 1411461811468

Tags
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Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
[...]
• Abnormal progression in labour
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
• Diabetes
• Cardiac disease
• Placental abruption
• Multiple Pregnancy
Answer
Failed Induction


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy</ht







Flashcard 1411463384332

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
[...]
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
• Diabetes
• Cardiac disease
• Placental abruption
• Multiple Pregnancy
Answer
Abnormal progression in labour


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy







Flashcard 1411464957196

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
• Abnormal progression in labour
[...]
• Diabetes
• Cardiac disease
• Placental abruption
• Multiple Pregnancy
Answer
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy







Flashcard 1411466530060

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
• Abnormal progression in labour
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
[...]
• Cardiac disease
• Placental abruption
• Multiple Pregnancy
Answer
Diabetes


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy







Flashcard 1411468102924

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
• Abnormal progression in labour
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
• Diabetes
[...]
• Placental abruption
• Multiple Pregnancy
Answer
Cardiac disease


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy







Flashcard 1411469675788

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
• Abnormal progression in labour
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
• Diabetes
• Cardiac disease
[...]
• Multiple Pregnancy
Answer
Placental abruption


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy







Flashcard 1411471248652

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Relative Indications to C/S:
• Failed Induction
• Abnormal progression in labour
• Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia
• Diabetes
• Cardiac disease
• Placental abruption
[...]
Answer
Multiple Pregnancy


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Relative Indications to C/S: • Failed Induction • Abnormal progression in labour • Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia • Diabetes • Cardiac disease • Placental abruption • Multiple Pregnancy







#obgyn
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
• Hemorrhage
• Atelectasis
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
• Deep venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolus
• Longer recovery time

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Flashcard 1411474132236

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Risks of CS
[...]
• Hemorrhage
• Atelectasis
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
• Deep venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolus
• Longer recovery time
Answer
Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time</







Flashcard 1411475705100

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
[...]
• Atelectasis
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
• Deep venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolus
• Longer recovery time
Answer
Hemorrhage


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Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time







Flashcard 1411477277964

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Question
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
• Hemorrhage
[...]
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
• Deep venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolus
• Longer recovery time
Answer
Atelectasis


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Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time







Flashcard 1411478850828

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Question
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
• Hemorrhage
• Atelectasis
[...]
• Deep venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolus
• Longer recovery time
Answer
Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter


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Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time







Flashcard 1411480423692

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Question
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
• Hemorrhage
• Atelectasis
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
[...]
• Pulmonary embolus
• Longer recovery time
Answer
Deep venous thrombosis


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Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time







Flashcard 1411481996556

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Question
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
• Hemorrhage
• Atelectasis
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
• Deep venous thrombosis
[...]
• Longer recovery time
Answer
Pulmonary embolus


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Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time







Flashcard 1411483569420

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#obgyn
Question
Risks of CS
• Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary)
• Hemorrhage
• Atelectasis
• Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter
• Deep venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolus
[...]
Answer
Longer recovery time


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Risks of CS • Infection (wound, uterine, sepsis, urinary) • Hemorrhage • Atelectasis • Injury to bowel or bladder or ueter • Deep venous thrombosis • Pulmonary embolus • Longer recovery time







#obgyn
Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour:
1. Reduction of painful stimuli
2. Activation of peripheral sensory receptors
3. Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways

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Flashcard 1411486453004

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Question
Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour:
1. [...]
2. Activation of peripheral sensory receptors
3. Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways
Answer
Reduction of painful stimuli


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Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour: 1. Reduction of painful stimuli 2. Activation of peripheral sensory receptors 3. Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways







Flashcard 1411488025868

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Question
Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour:
1. Reduction of painful stimuli
2. [...]
3. Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways
Answer
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors


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Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour: 1. Reduction of painful stimuli 2. Activation of peripheral sensory receptors 3. Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways







Flashcard 1411489598732

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Question
Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour:
1. Reduction of painful stimuli
2. Activation of peripheral sensory receptors
3. [...]
Answer
Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways


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Non-pharmacologic Pain Relief Techniques in labour: 1. Reduction of painful stimuli 2. Activation of peripheral sensory receptors 3. Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways







#obgyn
Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour):
• Maternal movement and position change
• Counter-pressure
• Abdominal decompression

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Flashcard 1411492482316

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Question
Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour):
[...]
• Counter-pressure
• Abdominal decompression
Answer
Maternal movement and position change


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Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour): • Maternal movement and position change • Counter-pressure • Abdominal decompression







Flashcard 1411494055180

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Question
Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour):
• Maternal movement and position change
[...]
• Abdominal decompression
Answer
Counter-pressure


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Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour): • Maternal movement and position change • Counter-pressure • Abdominal decompression







Flashcard 1411495628044

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Question
Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour):
• Maternal movement and position change
• Counter-pressure
[...]
Answer
Abdominal decompression


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Reduction of painful stimuli (non-pharm pain relief technique in labour): • Maternal movement and position change • Counter-pressure • Abdominal decompression







#obgyn
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
• Immersion in water during labour
• Touch and massage
• Acupuncture and acupressure
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
• Aromatherapy

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Flashcard 1411498511628

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
[...]
• Immersion in water during labour
• Touch and massage
• Acupuncture and acupressure
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
• Aromatherapy
Answer
Superficial heat and cold


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Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • Intradermal injectio







Flashcard 1411500084492

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
[...]
• Touch and massage
• Acupuncture and acupressure
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
• Aromatherapy
Answer
Immersion in water during labour


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Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • Intradermal injection of sterile water • Aromatherapy</







Flashcard 1411501657356

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
• Immersion in water during labour
[...]
• Acupuncture and acupressure
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
• Aromatherapy
Answer
Touch and massage


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Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • Intradermal injection of sterile water • Aromatherapy







Flashcard 1411503230220

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
• Immersion in water during labour
• Touch and massage
[...]
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
• Aromatherapy
Answer
Acupuncture and acupressure


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Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • Intradermal injection of sterile water • Aromatherapy







Flashcard 1411504803084

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
• Immersion in water during labour
• Touch and massage
• Acupuncture and acupressure
[...]
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
• Aromatherapy
Answer
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)


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y>Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • Intradermal injection of sterile water • Aromatherapy<body><html>







Flashcard 1411506375948

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
• Immersion in water during labour
• Touch and massage
• Acupuncture and acupressure
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
[...]
• Aromatherapy
Answer
Intradermal injection of sterile water


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non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • <span>Intradermal injection of sterile water • Aromatherapy<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411507948812

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Question
Activation of peripheral sensory receptors (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Superficial heat and cold
• Immersion in water during labour
• Touch and massage
• Acupuncture and acupressure
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
• Intradermal injection of sterile water
[...]
Answer
Aromatherapy


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13; • Superficial heat and cold • Immersion in water during labour • Touch and massage • Acupuncture and acupressure • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) • Intradermal injection of sterile water • <span>Aromatherapy<span><body><html>







#obgyn
Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Attention focusing and distraction
• Hypnosis and self-hypnosis
• Music and audio analgesia
• Biofeedback

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Flashcard 1411510832396

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Question
Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
[...]
• Hypnosis and self-hypnosis
• Music and audio analgesia
• Biofeedback
Answer
Attention focusing and distraction


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Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Attention focusing and distraction • Hypnosis and self-hypnosis • Music and audio analgesia • Biofeedback







Flashcard 1411512405260

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Question
Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Attention focusing and distraction
[...]
• Music and audio analgesia
• Biofeedback
Answer
Hypnosis and self-hypnosis


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Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Attention focusing and distraction • Hypnosis and self-hypnosis • Music and audio analgesia • Biofeedback







Flashcard 1411513978124

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Question
Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Attention focusing and distraction
• Hypnosis and self-hypnosis
[...]
• Biofeedback
Answer
Music and audio analgesia


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Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Attention focusing and distraction • Hypnosis and self-hypnosis • Music and audio analgesia • Biofeedback







Flashcard 1411515550988

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Question
Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour):
• Attention focusing and distraction
• Hypnosis and self-hypnosis
• Music and audio analgesia
[...]
Answer
Biofeedback


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tml>Enhancement of descending inhibitory pathways (non-pharm pain relief technique for labour): • Attention focusing and distraction • Hypnosis and self-hypnosis • Music and audio analgesia • Biofeedback<html>







#obgyn
Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth:
1. Nitrous Oxide
2. Narcotics
3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block
4 . Perineal Infiltration
5 . Regional Anaesthesia

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Flashcard 1411518434572

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Question
Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth:
1. [...]
2. Narcotics
3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block
4 . Perineal Infiltration
5 . Regional Anaesthesia
Answer
Nitrous Oxide


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Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth: 1. Nitrous Oxide 2. Narcotics 3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block 4 . Perineal Infiltration 5 . Regional Anaesthesia







Flashcard 1411520007436

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Question
Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth:
1. Nitrous Oxide
2. [...]
3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block
4 . Perineal Infiltration
5 . Regional Anaesthesia
Answer
Narcotics


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Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth: 1. Nitrous Oxide 2. Narcotics 3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block 4 . Perineal Infiltration 5 . Regional Anaesthesia







Flashcard 1411521580300

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Question
Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth:
1. Nitrous Oxide
2. Narcotics
3 . [...]
4 . Perineal Infiltration
5 . Regional Anaesthesia
Answer
Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block


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Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth: 1. Nitrous Oxide 2. Narcotics 3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block 4 . Perineal Infiltration 5 . Regional Anaesthesia







Flashcard 1411523153164

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Question
Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth:
1. Nitrous Oxide
2. Narcotics
3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block
4 . [...]
5 . Regional Anaesthesia
Answer
Perineal Infiltration


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth: 1. Nitrous Oxide 2. Narcotics 3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block 4 . Perineal Infiltration 5 . Regional Anaesthesia







Flashcard 1411524726028

Tags
#obgyn
Question
Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth:
1. Nitrous Oxide
2. Narcotics
3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block
4 . Perineal Infiltration
5 . [...]
Answer
Regional Anaesthesia


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Pharm methods of pain relief in labour & birth: 1. Nitrous Oxide 2. Narcotics 3 . Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block 4 . Perineal Infiltration 5 . Regional Anaesthesia







#obgyn
Nitrous Oxide as pharm pain relief in labour:
• Entonox is self-administered. Deep inhalation begins as the woman is aware of the onset of a contraction. Useful in latter part of first stage of labour. ​

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Flashcard 1411527609612

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Question
Nitrous Oxide as pharm pain relief in labour:
[...] is self-administered. Deep inhalation begins as the woman is aware of the onset of a contraction. Useful in latter part of first stage of labour. ​
Answer
Entonox


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Nitrous Oxide as pharm pain relief in labour: • Entonox is self-administered. Deep inhalation begins as the woman is aware of the onset of a contraction. Useful in latter part of first stage of labour. ​







Flashcard 1411529182476

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Question
Nitrous Oxide as pharm pain relief in labour:
• Entonox is self-administered. Deep inhalation begins as the woman is aware of the onset of a contraction. Useful in [...] stage of labour. ​
Answer
latter part of first


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Nitrous Oxide as pharm pain relief in labour: • Entonox is self-administered. Deep inhalation begins as the woman is aware of the onset of a contraction. Useful in latter part of first stage of labour. ​







#obgyn
Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth:
• Can be given IV and with PCA pumps
• Usually combined with anti-emetic
• Decrease fetal heart rate variability
• Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)

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Flashcard 1411532066060

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Question
Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth:
• Can be given [...]
• Usually combined with anti-emetic
• Decrease fetal heart rate variability
• Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)
Answer
IV and with PCA pumps


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Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth: • Can be given IV and with PCA pumps • Usually combined with anti-emetic • Decrease fetal heart rate variability • Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)







Flashcard 1411533638924

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Question
Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth:
• Can be given IV and with PCA pumps
• Usually combined with [...]
• Decrease fetal heart rate variability
• Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)
Answer
anti-emetic


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Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth: • Can be given IV and with PCA pumps • Usually combined with anti-emetic • Decrease fetal heart rate variability • Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)







Flashcard 1411535211788

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Question
Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth:
• Can be given IV and with PCA pumps
• Usually combined with anti-emetic
• Decrease [...]
• Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)
Answer
fetal heart rate variability


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Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth: • Can be given IV and with PCA pumps • Usually combined with anti-emetic • Decrease fetal heart rate variability • Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)







Flashcard 1411536784652

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Question
Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth:
• Can be given IV and with PCA pumps
• Usually combined with anti-emetic
• Decrease fetal heart rate variability
• Cause [...]
Answer
neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)


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Narcotics as pharm pain relief in labour/birth: • Can be given IV and with PCA pumps • Usually combined with anti-emetic • Decrease fetal heart rate variability • Cause neonatal respiratory depression (reverse with naloxone given to newborn)







#obgyn
Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth
• Used for analgesia of perineum in second stage
• Useful when other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective

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Flashcard 1411539668236

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Question
Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth
• Used for analgesia of [...] in second stage
• Useful when other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective
Answer
perineum


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Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth • Used for analgesia of perineum in second stage • Useful when other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective







Flashcard 1411541241100

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Question
Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth
• Used for analgesia of perineum in [...] stage
• Useful when other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective
Answer
second


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Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth • Used for analgesia of perineum in second stage • Useful when other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective







Flashcard 1411542813964

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Question
Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth
• Used for analgesia of perineum in second stage
• Useful when [...]
Answer
other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective


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Peripheral Nerve Blocks – Pudendal Nerve Block as pharm pain relief in labour/birth • Used for analgesia of perineum in second stage • Useful when other regional analgesia is not available or ineffective







#obgyn
Epidural block can provide effective pain relief throughout all stages of labour and delivery

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Flashcard 1411545697548

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[...] can provide effective pain relief throughout all stages of labour and delivery
Answer
Epidural block


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Epidural block can provide effective pain relief throughout all stages of labour and delivery







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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress

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Flashcard 1411548581132

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[...] can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress
Answer
Epidural analgesia


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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates th







Flashcard 1411550153996

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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with [...] secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress
Answer
dystocia


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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin do







Flashcard 1411551726860

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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to [...] whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress
Answer
hypotonic contractions


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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress</spa







Flashcard 1411553299724

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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require [...]. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress
Answer
augmentation with oxytocin


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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress







Flashcard 1411554872588

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Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate [...] to improve labour progress
Answer
oxytocin dosage


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an>Epidural analgesia can be beneficial to women with dystocia secondary to hypotonic contractions whose labour will require augmentation with oxytocin. Provision of more effective pain relief facilitates the use of the most appropriate oxytocin dosage to improve labour progress<span><body><html>







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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC
• Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision
• Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy)
• Previous history of uterine rupture
• Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note)
• Mother desires a repeat CS

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Flashcard 1411557756172

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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC
[...]
• Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy)
• Previous history of uterine rupture
• Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note)
• Mother desires a repeat CS
Answer
Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision


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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC • Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision • Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy) • Previous history of uterine rupture • Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note) • Mother desires a re







Flashcard 1411559329036

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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC
• Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision
[...]
• Previous history of uterine rupture
• Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note)
• Mother desires a repeat CS
Answer
Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy)


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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC • Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision • Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy) • Previous history of uterine rupture • Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note) • Mother desires a repeat CS







Flashcard 1411560901900

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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC
• Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision
• Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy)
[...]
• Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note)
• Mother desires a repeat CS
Answer
Previous history of uterine rupture


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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC • Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision • Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy) • Previous history of uterine rupture • Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note) • Mother desires a repeat CS







Flashcard 1411562474764

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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC
• Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision
• Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy)
• Previous history of uterine rupture
[...]
• Mother desires a repeat CS
Answer
Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note)


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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC • Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision • Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy) • Previous history of uterine rupture • Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note) • Mother desires a repeat CS







Flashcard 1411564047628

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Absolute Contra-Indications to a VBAC
• Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision
• Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy)
• Previous history of uterine rupture
• Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note)
[...]
Answer
Mother desires a repeat CS


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cations to a VBAC • Previous classical, inverted-T, or unknown incision • Other uterine surgeries (myomectomy) • Previous history of uterine rupture • Opinion of previous surgeon (important to get CS operative note) • <span>Mother desires a repeat CS<span><body><html>







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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If induction required
• Two or more previous lower segment CS scars
• Multiple pregnancy
• Breech presentation
• Previous poor obstetrical history
• Patient desires a tubal sterilization

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Flashcard 1411566931212

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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If [...] required
• Two or more previous lower segment CS scars
• Multiple pregnancy
• Breech presentation
• Previous poor obstetrical history
• Patient desires a tubal sterilization
Answer
induction


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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC • If induction required • Two or more previous lower segment CS scars • Multiple pregnancy • Breech presentation • Previous poor obstetrical history • Patient desires a tubal







Flashcard 1411568504076

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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If induction required
• Two or more previous [...]
• Multiple pregnancy
• Breech presentation
• Previous poor obstetrical history
• Patient desires a tubal sterilization
Answer
lower segment CS scars


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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC • If induction required • Two or more previous lower segment CS scars • Multiple pregnancy • Breech presentation • Previous poor obstetrical history • Patient desires a tubal sterilization







Flashcard 1411570076940

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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If induction required
• Two or more previous lower segment CS scars
[...]
• Breech presentation
• Previous poor obstetrical history
• Patient desires a tubal sterilization
Answer
Multiple pregnancy


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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC • If induction required • Two or more previous lower segment CS scars • Multiple pregnancy • Breech presentation • Previous poor obstetrical history • Patient desires a tubal sterilization







Flashcard 1411571649804

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Question
Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If induction required
• Two or more previous lower segment CS scars
• Multiple pregnancy
[...]
• Previous poor obstetrical history
• Patient desires a tubal sterilization
Answer
Breech presentation


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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC • If induction required • Two or more previous lower segment CS scars • Multiple pregnancy • Breech presentation • Previous poor obstetrical history • Patient desires a tubal sterilization







Flashcard 1411573222668

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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If induction required
• Two or more previous lower segment CS scars
• Multiple pregnancy
• Breech presentation
[...]
• Patient desires a tubal sterilization
Answer
Previous poor obstetrical history


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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC • If induction required • Two or more previous lower segment CS scars • Multiple pregnancy • Breech presentation • Previous poor obstetrical history • Patient desires a tubal sterilization







Flashcard 1411574795532

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Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC
• If induction required
• Two or more previous lower segment CS scars
• Multiple pregnancy
• Breech presentation
• Previous poor obstetrical history
[...]
Answer
Patient desires a tubal sterilization


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dy>Relative Contra-indications to a trial of VBAC • If induction required • Two or more previous lower segment CS scars • Multiple pregnancy • Breech presentation • Previous poor obstetrical history • Patient desires a tubal sterilization<body><html>







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Risks of Trial of VBAC
• Prolonged labour
• Maternal fever and infection
• Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc.
• Uterine rupture: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility

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Flashcard 1411577679116

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Question
Risks of Trial of VBAC
[...]
• Maternal fever and infection
• Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc.
• Uterine rupture: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility
Answer
Prolonged labour


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Risks of Trial of VBAC • Prolonged labour • Maternal fever and infection • Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS inclu







Flashcard 1411579251980

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Question
Risks of Trial of VBAC
• Prolonged labour
[...]
• Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc.
• Uterine rupture: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility
Answer
Maternal fever and infection


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Risks of Trial of VBAC • Prolonged labour • Maternal fever and infection • Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc







Flashcard 1411580824844

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Question
Risks of Trial of VBAC
• Prolonged labour
• Maternal fever and infection
• Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including [...]
• Uterine rupture: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility
Answer
infection, bleeding, trauma etc.


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Risks of Trial of VBAC • Prolonged labour • Maternal fever and infection • Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc. • Uterine rupture: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility <span>







Flashcard 1411582397708

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Question
Risks of Trial of VBAC
• Prolonged labour
• Maternal fever and infection
• Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc.
[...]: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility
Answer
Uterine rupture


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onged labour • Maternal fever and infection • Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc. • <span>Uterine rupture: with increased risk of maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411583970572

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Question
Risks of Trial of VBAC
• Prolonged labour
• Maternal fever and infection
• Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc.
• Uterine rupture: with increased risk of [...]
Answer
maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility


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nfection • Failed trial necessitating a repeat CS: risks of a CS done after a failed trial of VBAC are all higher when compared with an elective CS including infection, bleeding, trauma etc. • Uterine rupture: with increased risk of <span>maternal haemorrhage, fetal morbidity and mortality, possible need for Cesarean hysterectomy and ultimate loss of fertility <span><body><html>







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Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.

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Flashcard 1411586854156

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Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when [...] is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
induction of labour


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Uterine Rupture: The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin. Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the







Flashcard 1411588427020

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Question
Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with [...].
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
high dose oxytocin


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Uterine Rupture: The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin. Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother. If the woman has an epidur







Flashcard 1411589999884

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Question
Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a [...] and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery


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ad>Uterine Rupture: The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin. Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother. If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced. Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of







Flashcard 1411591572748

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Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and [...].
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
constant lower abdominal pain in the mother


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isk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin. Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and <span>constant lower abdominal pain in the mother. If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced. Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recessio







Flashcard 1411593145612

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Question
Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: [...], vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
cessation of uterine contractions


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ns of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother. If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced. Other signs and symptoms include: <span>cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage,







Flashcard 1411594718476

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Question
Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, [...], recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
vaginal bleeding


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fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother. If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced. Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, <span>vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic sh







Flashcard 1411596291340

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Question
Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, [...], intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision)


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with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother. If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced. Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, <span>recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock. Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes. <







Flashcard 1411597864204

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Question
Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), [...], and hypovolemic shock.
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
intra-abdominal haemorrhage


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experienced. Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), <span>intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock. Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411599437068

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Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and [...].
Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
hypovolemic shock


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d symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and <span>hypovolemic shock. Although a previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes. <span><body><html>







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Uterine Rupture:
The risk of uterine rupture during a trial of VBAC increases considerably when induction of labour is required and with high dose oxytocin.
Usually one of the first signs of uterine rupture is a profound fetal bradycardia with no recovery and constant lower abdominal pain in the mother.
If the woman has an epidural for pain relief, the pain may not be experienced.
Other signs and symptoms include: cessation of uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock.
Although a [...] is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes.
Answer
previous uterine scar


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erine contractions, vaginal bleeding, recession of the presenting part on vaginal examination (fetus may be extruded into the peritoneal cavity through the uterine incision), intra-abdominal haemorrhage, and hypovolemic shock. Although a <span>previous uterine scar is the most common reason for uterine rupture in our society, there are other causes. <span><body><html>







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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy:
• Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection
• Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour
• Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault)
• Miscellaneous: multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta

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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy:
[...]
• Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour
• Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault)
• Miscellaneous: multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta
Answer
Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection


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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy: • Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection • Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour • Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault) • Mi







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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy:
• Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection
[...]
• Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault)
• Miscellaneous: multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta
Answer
Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour


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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy: • Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection • Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour • Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault) • Miscellaneous: multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta</htm







Flashcard 1411607039244

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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy:
• Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection
• Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour
[...]
• Miscellaneous: multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta
Answer
Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault)


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Uterine Rupture in pregnancy: • Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection • Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour • <span>Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault) • Miscellaneous: multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411609136396

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Causes of Uterine Rupture in pregnancy:
• Uterine Scar: CS, myomectomy, previous uterine perforation during D&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection
• Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour
• Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault)
• Miscellaneous: [...]
Answer
multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta


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&C, salpingectomy with cornual resection • Excessive Uterine Action: Oxytocin, prostaglandins, neglected obstructed labour • Trauma: ECV, Forceps, manual removal of placenta, trauma (motor vehicle, assault) • Miscellaneous: <span>multiparity, uterine anomalies, placenta accreta<span><body><html>







#obgyn
Management of Uterine Rupture:
• Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia
• Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech.
• Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.

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Management of Uterine Rupture:
[...]
• Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech.
• Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.
Answer
Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia


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Management of Uterine Rupture: • Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia • Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech. • Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.







Flashcard 1411613592844

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Management of Uterine Rupture:
• Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia
[...]
• Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.
Answer
Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech.


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Management of Uterine Rupture: • Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia • Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech. • Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.







Flashcard 1411615165708

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Question
Management of Uterine Rupture:
• Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia
• Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech.
[...]
Answer
Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.


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Management of Uterine Rupture: • Stabilize mother and treat hypovolemia • Call for assistance – nursing, pediatrician, anesthesia, respiratory tech. • Emergency laparotomy to deliver fetus, placenta and repair uterus.







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#obgyn
Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer

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Question
Contra-indications to Induction
[...], vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
Placenta previa


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structu







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, [...], cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
vasa previa


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformiti







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, [...]
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
cord presentation


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • Invasive







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
[...]
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
Abnormal fetal lie


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • Invasive cervical cancer</sp







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
[...]
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • Invasive cervical cancer







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
[...]
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
Uterine surgery


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • Invasive cervical cancer







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
[...]
• Pelvic structural deformities
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
Active genital herpes


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Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • Invasive cervical cancer







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Question
Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
[...]
• Invasive cervical cancer
Answer
Pelvic structural deformities


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body>Contra-indications to Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • Invasive cervical cancer<body><html>







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Contra-indications to Induction
• Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation
• Abnormal fetal lie
• Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision
• Uterine surgery
• Active genital herpes
• Pelvic structural deformities
[...]
Answer
Invasive cervical cancer


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o Induction • Placenta previa, vasa previa, cord presentation • Abnormal fetal lie • Prior classical CS scar or inverted T incision • Uterine surgery • Active genital herpes • Pelvic structural deformities • <span>Invasive cervical cancer<span><body><html>







#obgyn
Risks of Induction
• Failure to achieve labour
• Failure to achieve a vaginal birth
• Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise
• Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture
• Maternal side-effects to medications

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Question
Risks of Induction
• Failure to [...]
• Failure to achieve a vaginal birth
• Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise
• Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture
• Maternal side-effects to medications
Answer
achieve labour


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Risks of Induction • Failure to achieve labour • Failure to achieve a vaginal birth • Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise • Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture • Maternal side-effects to medi







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Question
Risks of Induction
• Failure to achieve labour
• Failure to [...]
• Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise
• Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture
• Maternal side-effects to medications
Answer
achieve a vaginal birth


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Risks of Induction • Failure to achieve labour • Failure to achieve a vaginal birth • Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise • Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture • Maternal side-effects to medications







Flashcard 1411697478924

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Question
Risks of Induction
• Failure to achieve labour
• Failure to achieve a vaginal birth
[...]
• Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture
• Maternal side-effects to medications
Answer
Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise


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Risks of Induction • Failure to achieve labour • Failure to achieve a vaginal birth • Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise • Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture • Maternal side-effects to medications







Flashcard 1411699051788

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Question
Risks of Induction
• Failure to achieve labour
• Failure to achieve a vaginal birth
• Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise
[...]
• Maternal side-effects to medications
Answer
Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture


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Risks of Induction • Failure to achieve labour • Failure to achieve a vaginal birth • Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise • Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture • Maternal side-effects to medications







Flashcard 1411700624652

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Question
Risks of Induction
• Failure to achieve labour
• Failure to achieve a vaginal birth
• Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise
• Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture
[...]
Answer
Maternal side-effects to medications


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tml>Risks of Induction • Failure to achieve labour • Failure to achieve a vaginal birth • Uterine hyperstimulation with fetal compromise • Uterine hyperstimulation with uterine rupture • Maternal side-effects to medications<html>







#obgyn
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)

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Flashcard 1411705605388

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If [...] is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
artificial rupture of membranes (ARM)


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Options for induction of labour: 1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion. 2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed,







Flashcard 1411707178252

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible ([...]) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Options for induction of labour: 1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion. 2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or m







Flashcard 1411708751116

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting [...].
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
oxytocin infusion


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Options for induction of labour: 1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion. 2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase th







Flashcard 1411710323980

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible ([...]), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
cervix long, closed, firm, posterior


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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ns for induction of labour: 1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion. 2 . If ARM not possible (<span>cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and sta







Flashcard 1411711896844

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “[...]” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
cervical ripening


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Open it
f membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion. 2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “<span>cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as aug







Flashcard 1411713469708

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to [...] cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
soften, efface, dilate


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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ft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion. 2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to <span>soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia). 3 . “Ripen







Flashcard 1411715042572

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
[...]
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia). 3 . “Ripen Cervix” with • <span>Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil) • Foley catheter balloon in cervix • Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411716615436

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
[...]
• Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)
Answer
Foley catheter balloon in cervix


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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ix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia). 3 . “Ripen Cervix” with • Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil) • <span>Foley catheter balloon in cervix • Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411718188300

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Question
Options for induction of labour:
1 . If artificial rupture of membranes (ARM) is possible (cervix open, soft, membranes felt, head well applied to cervix) then do the ARM and consider starting oxytocin infusion.
2 . If ARM not possible (cervix long, closed, firm, posterior), then use a method of “cervical ripening” (medications or methods to soften, efface, dilate cervix; will increase the success of the induction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia).
3 . “Ripen Cervix” with
• Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil)
• Foley catheter balloon in cervix
[...]
Answer
Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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uction). Once cervix ripened then do ARM and start oxytocin infusion (same protocol as augmentation of labour for dystocia). 3 . “Ripen Cervix” with • Prostaglandins (Prostin, Cervidil) • Foley catheter balloon in cervix • <span>Oxytocin infusion (not as successful)<span><body><html>







#obgyn
Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium

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Flashcard 1411721071884

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Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of [...] (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium
Answer
perinatal death


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium







Flashcard 1411722644748

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Question
Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to [...], intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium
Answer
anomalies (e.g. anencephaly)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium







Flashcard 1411724217612

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Question
Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), [...], and asphyxia with and without meconium
Answer
intra-uterine infection


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
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Open it
Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium







Flashcard 1411725790476

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Question
Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and [...]
Answer
asphyxia with and without meconium


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Postterm pregnancies are at higher risk than term pregnancies of perinatal death (antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum) due to anomalies (e.g. anencephaly), intra-uterine infection, and asphyxia with and without meconium







#obgyn
Post term pregnancies are also at a higher risk of neonatal morbidity (e.g. macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, meconium aspiration syndrome, admission to NICU, need for oxygen, intubation, pneumonia, and seizures)

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Flashcard 1411728674060

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Question
Post term pregnancies are also at a higher risk of neonatal morbidity (e.g. [...])
Answer
macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, meconium aspiration syndrome, admission to NICU, need for oxygen, intubation, pneumonia, and seizures


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Post term pregnancies are also at a higher risk of neonatal morbidity (e.g. macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, meconium aspiration syndrome, admission to NICU, need for oxygen, intubation, pneumonia, and seizures)







#obgyn
Management of post-term pregnancy:
1 . Ensure that accurate gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound)
2 . No evidence for inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring prior to 41 weeks
3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or serial fetal monitoring
4 . If induction selected, follow protocol above for induction of labour

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Flashcard 1411731557644

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Question
Management of post-term pregnancy:
1 . Ensure [...]
2 . No evidence for inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring prior to 41 weeks
3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or serial fetal monitoring
4 . If induction selected, follow protocol above for induction of labour
Answer
that accurate gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound)


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Management of post-term pregnancy: 1 . Ensure that accurate gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound) 2 . No evidence for inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring prior to 41 weeks 3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or serial fet







Flashcard 1411733130508

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#obgyn
Question
Management of post-term pregnancy:
1 . Ensure that accurate gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound)
2 . No evidence for [...] prior to 41 weeks
3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or serial fetal monitoring
4 . If induction selected, follow protocol above for induction of labour
Answer
inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

Open it
Management of post-term pregnancy: 1 . Ensure that accurate gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound) 2 . No evidence for inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring prior to 41 weeks 3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or serial fetal monitoring 4 . If induction selected, follow protocol above for inducti







Flashcard 1411734703372

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Question
Management of post-term pregnancy:
1 . Ensure that accurate gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound)
2 . No evidence for inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring prior to 41 weeks
3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or [...]
4 . If induction selected, follow protocol above for induction of labour
Answer
serial fetal monitoring


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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e gestational age is established (make sure to do early ultrasound) 2 . No evidence for inducing labour or initiating serial fetal monitoring prior to 41 weeks 3 . After 41 weeks’ gestation, offer women either induction of labour or <span>serial fetal monitoring 4 . If induction selected, follow protocol above for induction of labour<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1411736538380

Question
När får man hypoosmolar urin?
Answer
low circulating levels of ADH or when ADH is ineffective


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411738897676

Question
Causes to low level circulating ADH? (2)
Answer
water drinking, central diabetes insipidus


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411741256972

Question
Causes wheb ADH is innefective? (1)
Answer
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus


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Hyposmotic urine is produced when there are low circulating levels of ADH (e.g., water drinking, central diabetes insipidus) or when ADH is ineffective (e.g., nephrogenic diabetes insipidus)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411743091980

Question
[...] is the most important and common mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion
Answer
Negative feedback


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Negative feedback is the most important and common mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411744664844

Question
Negative feedback is the most [...] and common mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion
Answer
important


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Negative feedback is the most important and common mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411746237708

Question
Negative feedback is the most important and [...] mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion
Answer
common


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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Negative feedback is the most important and common mechanism for regu- lating hormone secretion

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411751218444

Question
All steroid hormones are derivatives of [...]
Answer
cholesterol


statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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All steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1411752791308

Question
All [...] hormones are derivatives of cholesterol
Answer
steroid


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All steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Zwolenniczka wolnego rynku i zmniejszania obciążeń podatkowych, a do tego jedna z najbardziej wyrazistych kobiet w polskiej polityce. Zdaniem ekspertów, to w dużej mierze dzięki jej reformom nasz kraj suchą stopą przebrnął przez światowy kryzys gospodarczy. "Żelazna dama polskich finansów" podejmowała decyzje, przy których blednie nawet dzisiejszy program Rodzina 500+. Wspominamy Zytę Gilowską, byłą wicepremier i minister finansów, zmarłą w kwietniu tego roku.

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Żelazna dama ze srebrnymi ustami. Taka była Zyta Gilowska
[imagelink] REKLAMA Żelazna dama ze srebrnymi ustami. Taka była Zyta Gilowska Fot. PAP/Radek Pietruszka <span>Zwolenniczka wolnego rynku i zmniejszania obciążeń podatkowych, a do tego jedna z najbardziej wyrazistych kobiet w polskiej polityce. Zdaniem ekspertów, to w dużej mierze dzięki jej reformom nasz kraj suchą stopą przebrnął przez światowy kryzys gospodarczy. "Żelazna dama polskich finansów" podejmowała decyzje, przy których blednie nawet dzisiejszy program Rodzina 500+. Wspominamy Zytę Gilowską, byłą wicepremier i minister finansów, zmarłą w kwietniu tego roku. - Przydepnijcie w końcu gardło swej rewolucyjnej pieśni i zamiast na okrągło śpiewać: "dać, dać, dać", zacznijcie powtarzać: "szukać oszczędności, likwidować bałagan, og




ORP Kormoran (601)zwodowany 4 września 2015 roku w stoczni Remontowa Shipbuilding w Gdańsku, polski niszczyciel min, okręt wiodący typu Kormoran II, przeznaczony do poszukiwania i zwalczania min morskich na wodach polskiej strefy ekonomicznej oraz w grupach taktycznych na Morzu Bałtyckim i Północnym. W celu zapewnienia amagnetyczności, kadłub jednostki o wyporności standardowej 830 ton i długości całkowitej 58,5 metra, zbudowany został z austenitycznej stali nierdzewnej. Wejście okrętu do służby w Marynarce Wojennej przewidziane jest na listopad 2016 roku.

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ORP Kormoran – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
ie armata Wróbel II kaliber 23 mm 3 karabiny maszynowe WKM-Bm 12,7 mm 2 wyrzutnie pocisków rakietowych Grom Wyposażenie System dowodzenia SCOT-M Pojazdy głębinowe Double Eagle Mk. III Kongsberg Hugin i Morświn Załoga 45 oficerów i marynarzy <span>ORP Kormoran (601) – zwodowany 4 września 2015 roku w stoczni Remontowa Shipbuilding w Gdańsku, polski niszczyciel min, okręt wiodący typu Kormoran II, przeznaczony do poszukiwania i zwalczania min morskich na wodach polskiej strefy ekonomicznej oraz w grupach taktycznych na Morzu Bałtyckim i Północnym. W celu zapewnienia amagnetyczności, kadłub jednostki o wyporności standardowej 830 ton i długości całkowitej 58,5 metra, zbudowany został z austenitycznej stali nierdzewnej. Wejście okrętu do służby w Marynarce Wojennej przewidziane jest na listopad 2016 roku. Spis treści [ukryj] 1 Budowa 2 Konstrukcja 2.1 Wyposażenie 2.2 Uzbrojenie 3 Służba 4 Przypisy Budowa[edytuj] Kontrakt między Inspektoratem Uzbrojenia a konsorcjum




Kormoran rozpoczął próby morskie [VIDEO]

Wpisany przez pbs środa, 13 lipca 2016 13:23

[imagelink]

ORP Kormoran - wyjście w pierwsze próby morskie

[imagelink]

ORP Kormoran - wyjście w pierwsze próby morskie

[imagelink]

ORP Kormoran - wyjście w pierwsze próby morskie

W środę, 13 lipca br. przed południem, niszczyciel min, który po wejściu do służby nosić będzie imię ORP Kormoran, wypłynął ze stoczni Remontowa Shipbuilding i z portu Gdańsk na pierwsze z serii prób morskich.

Przypomnijmy, że kontrakt na projekt i budowę trzech jednostek typu "Kormoran II" podpisano we wrześniu 2013 r. pomiędzy Inspektoratem Uzbrojenia, a Konsorcjum, któremu przewodniczy Remontowa Shipbuilding SA należąca do Remontowa Holding. W skład konsorcjum wchodzą także Ośrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy Centrum Techniki Morskiej i Stocznia Marynarki Wojennej SA. Kontrakt obejmuje budowę prototypu, z terminem przekazania w IV kwartale 2016 roku oraz dwóch jednostek seryjnych.

Kilka tygodni po podpisaniu umowy w basenie Centrum Techniki Okrętowej rozpoczęły się próby modelowe jednostki zaprojektowanej przez wchodzące w skład Remontowa Holding biuro projektowe Remontowa Marine Design & Consulting. W kwietniu 2014 roku odbyła się uroczystość palenia pierwszych blach symbolicznie rozpoczynająca budowę, a 23 września 2014 r. miało miejsce uroczyste położenie stępki.

W pierwszym etapie całość prac była prowadzona w specjalnie przygotowanej hali produkcyjnej, w której musiały panować określone warunki atmosferyczne. Z uwagi na materiał, czyli stal amagnetyczną, temperatura w hali nie mogła spaść poniżej 5 st. C, stanowiącej niezbędne minimum do prowadzenia przy tym materiale prac spawalniczych. W hali musiały panować też wręcz sterylne warunki.

W piątek, 4 września 2015 r. w stoczni Remontowa Shipbuilding SA należącej do Grupy Kapitałowej Remontowa Holding SA, odbyła się uroczystość wodowania oraz chrztu. Matką Chrzestną okrętu ORP Kormoran została Maria Karweta, żona admirała Andrzeja Karwety, byłeg

...

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#has-images

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#has-images

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#has-images

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#has-images

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God is un-affected
#has-images

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#has-images

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#productivity
WBS is a hierarchical and incremental decomposition of the project into phases, deliverables and work packages. It is a tree structure, which shows a subdivision of effort required to achieve an objective; for example a program, project, and contract.[2] In a project or contract, the WBS is developed by starting with the end objective and successively subdividing it into manageable components in terms of size, duration, and responsibility (e.g., systems, subsystems, components, tasks, subtasks, and work packages) which include all steps necessary to achieve the objective.

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Work breakdown structure - Wikipedia
clusive elements 3.2 Plan outcomes, not actions 3.3 Level of detail 3.4 Coding scheme 3.5 Terminal element 3.6 Consistent to norms 4 Example 5 Misconceptions 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links Overview[edit] <span>WBS is a hierarchical and incremental decomposition of the project into phases, deliverables and work packages. It is a tree structure, which shows a subdivision of effort required to achieve an objective; for example a program, project, and contract. [2] In a project or contract, the WBS is developed by starting with the end objective and successively subdividing it into manageable components in terms of size, duration, and responsibility (e.g., systems, subsystems, components, tasks, subtasks, and work packages) which include all steps necessary to achieve the objective. [imagelink] [emptylink] Example of work breakdown structure applied in a NASA reporting structure. [2] The work breakdown structure provides a common framework for the nat




#productivity
The 100% rule states that the WBS includes 100% of the work defined by the project scope and captures all deliverables – internal, external, interim – in terms of the work to be completed, including project management. The 100% rule is one of the most important principles guiding the development, decomposition and evaluation of the WBS. The rule applies at all levels within the hierarchy: the sum of the work at the "child" level must equal 100% of the work represented by the "parent" and the WBS should not include any work that falls outside the actual scope of the project,

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Work breakdown structure - Wikipedia
to the DoD handbook, but is intended for more general application. [12] Design principles[edit] 100% rule[edit] An important design principle for work breakdown structures is called the 100% rule. [13] It has been defined as follows: <span>The 100% rule states that the WBS includes 100% of the work defined by the project scope and captures all deliverables – internal, external, interim – in terms of the work to be completed, including project management. The 100% rule is one of the most important principles guiding the development, decomposition and evaluation of the WBS. The rule applies at all levels within the hierarchy: the sum of the work at the "child" level must equal 100% of the work represented by the "parent" and the WBS should not include any work that falls outside the actual scope of the project, that is, it cannot include more than 100% of the work… It is important to remember that the 100% rule also applies to the activity level. The work represented by the activities in each




#productivity
The first is the "80 hour rule" which means that no single activity or group of activities at the lowest level of detail of the WBS to produce a single deliverable should be more than 80 hours of effort.The second rule of thumb is that no activity or group of activities at the lowest level of detail of the WBS should be longer than a single reporting period. Thus if the project team is reporting progress monthly, then no single activity or series of activities should be longer than one month long.The last heuristic is the "if it makes sense" rule. Applying this rule of thumb, one can apply "common sense" when creating the duration of a single activity or group of activities necessary to produce a deliverable defined by the WBS.

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Work breakdown structure - Wikipedia
deliverable defined by the WBS. There are several heuristics or "rules of thumb" used when determining the appropriate duration of an activity or group of activities necessary to produce a specific deliverable defined by the WBS. <span>The first is the "80 hour rule" which means that no single activity or group of activities at the lowest level of detail of the WBS to produce a single deliverable should be more than 80 hours of effort. The second rule of thumb is that no activity or group of activities at the lowest level of detail of the WBS should be longer than a single reporting period. Thus if the project team is reporting progress monthly, then no single activity or series of activities should be longer than one month long. The last heuristic is the "if it makes sense" rule. Applying this rule of thumb, one can apply "common sense" when creating the duration of a single activity or group of activities necessary to produce a deliverable defined by the WBS. A work package at the activity level is a task that: can be realistically and confidently estimated; makes no sense practically to break down any further; can be completed in accord




Most hormones are peptide or protein in nature

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Feedback mechanisms are more common than neural mechanisms

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Flashcard 1412281011468

Question
[...] means that the hormone feeds back all  the  way to the hypothalamic-pituitary axis
Answer
Long-loop feedback


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Long-loop feedback means that the hormone feeds back all  the  way to the hypothalamic-pituitary axis

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Flashcard 1412284681484

Question
What's your name?
Answer
Siradj


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#productivity

Coding scheme [ edit ]

It is common for work breakdown structure elements to be numbered sequentially to reveal the hierarchical structure. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service.[16] For example, 1.1.2 Propulsion (in the example below) identifies this item as a Level 3 WBS element, since there are three numbers separated by a decimal point. A coding scheme also helps WBS elements to be recognized in any written context and allows for mapping to the WBS Dictionary.[17]

A practical example of the WBS coding scheme is[18]

1.0 Aircraft System

1.1 Air Vehicle 1.1.1 Airframe 1.1.1.1 Airframe Integration, Assembly, Test and Checkout 1.1.1.2 Fuselage 1.1.1.3 Wing 1.1.1.4 Empennage 1.1.1.5 Nacelle 1.1.1.6 Other Airframe Components 1..n (Specify) 1.1.2 Propulsion 1.1.3 Vehicle Subsystems 1.1.4 Avionics 1.2 System Engineering 1.3 Program Management 1.4 System Test and Evaluation 1.5 Training 1.6 Data 1.7 Peculiar Support Equipment 1.8 Common Support Equipment 1.9 Operational/Site Activation 1.10 Industrial Facilities 1.11 Initial Spares and Repair Parts

An example in the software industry would be as follows:[19]

1267.1 Systems Integration

1267.1.1 Requirements Definition 1267.1.2 Regulations 1267.1.3 Scheduling 1267.1.4 Monitoring & Control 1267.1.5 Procurement Management 1267.1.6 Closeout

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Work breakdown structure - Wikipedia
sense practically to break down any further; can be completed in accordance with one of the heuristics defined above; produces a deliverable which is measurable; and forms a unique package of work which can be outsourced or contracted out. <span>Coding scheme[edit] It is common for work breakdown structure elements to be numbered sequentially to reveal the hierarchical structure. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. [16] For example, 1.1.2 Propulsion (in the example below) identifies this item as a Level 3 WBS element, since there are three numbers separated by a decimal point. A coding scheme also helps WBS elements to be recognized in any written context and allows for mapping to the WBS Dictionary. [17] A practical example of the WBS coding scheme is [18] 1.0 Aircraft System 1.1 Air Vehicle 1.1.1 Airframe 1.1.1.1 Airframe Integration, Assembly, Test and Checkout 1.1.1.2 Fuselage 1.1.1.3 Wing 1.1.1.4 Empennage 1.1.1.5 Nacelle 1.1.1.6 Other Airframe Components 1..n (Specify) 1.1.2 Propulsion 1.1.3 Vehicle Subsystems 1.1.4 Avionics 1.2 System Engineering 1.3 Program Management 1.4 System Test and Evaluation 1.5 Training 1.6 Data 1.7 Peculiar Support Equipment 1.8 Common Support Equipment 1.9 Operational/Site Activation 1.10 Industrial Facilities 1.11 Initial Spares and Repair Parts An example in the software industry would be as follows: [19] 1267.1 Systems Integration 1267.1.1 Requirements Definition 1267.1.2 Regulations 1267.1.3 Scheduling 1267.1.4 Monitoring & Control 1267.1.5 Procurement Management 1267.1.6 Closeout 1267.2 Design 1267.2.1 Conceptual Design 1267.2.2 Preliminary Design 1267.2.3 Final Design Terminal element[edit] The lowest element in a tree structure, a ter




Flashcard 1414088232204

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Question
The postpartum period is the period that extends from [...] ​to [...] ​weeks.
Answer
after the birth of the baby ; six


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#obgyn
Uterine “After Pains”
• The uterus contracts tonically causing “after pains”
• Worse during breast feeding
• Tends to subside by the third post-partum day

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Flashcard 1414091377932

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Question
Uterine “After Pains”
• The uterus [...] causing “after pains”
• Worse during breast feeding
• Tends to subside by the third post-partum day
Answer
contracts tonically


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Uterine “After Pains” • The uterus contracts tonically causing “after pains” • Worse during breast feeding • Tends to subside by the third post-partum day







Flashcard 1414092950796

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Question
Uterine “After Pains”
• The uterus contracts tonically causing “after pains”
• Worse during [...]
• Tends to subside by the third post-partum day
Answer
breast feeding


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Uterine “After Pains” • The uterus contracts tonically causing “after pains” • Worse during breast feeding • Tends to subside by the third post-partum day







Flashcard 1414094523660

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Question
Uterine “After Pains”
• The uterus contracts tonically causing “after pains”
• Worse during breast feeding
• Tends to subside by the [...] day
Answer
third post-partum


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Uterine “After Pains” • The uterus contracts tonically causing “after pains” • Worse during breast feeding • Tends to subside by the third post-partum day







#obgyn
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact

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Flashcard 1414097407244

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the [...]
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue


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Lochia • The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. Afte







Flashcard 1414098980108

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the [...] period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
early post-partum


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Lochia • The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia







Flashcard 1414100552972

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the [...] progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
puerperium


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Lochia • The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba







Flashcard 1414102125836

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the [...] days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
first few


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ead>Lochia • The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 we







Flashcard 1414103698700

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia [...]. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
rubra


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• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia <span>rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.







Flashcard 1414105271564

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After [...] days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
3 to 4


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refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After <span>3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The su







Flashcard 1414106844428

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes [...] – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
pale – lochia serosa


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of the uterine decidual tissue • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes <span>pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The superficial layer of the endometrium bec







Flashcard 1414108417292

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the [...] day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
10th


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3; • Occurs in the early post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the <span>10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and







Flashcard 1414109990156

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes [...]. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
whitish or yellow – lochia alba


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rly post-partum period • Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes <span>whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the







Flashcard 1414111563020

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to [...] weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
4


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nges as the puerperium progresses • Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to <span>4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer. • The basal layer







Flashcard 1414113135884

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the [...] layer.
• The basal layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
basal


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the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the <span>basal layer. • The basal layer is never shed and remains intact<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1414114708748

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Question
Lochia
• The lochia refers to the sloughing of the uterine decidual tissue
• Occurs in the early post-partum period
• Quantity and color progressively changes as the puerperium progresses
• Red in the first few days and called lochia rubra. After 3 to 4 days, it becomes pale – lochia serosa – and by the 10th day, it becomes whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond.
• The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer.
• The [...] layer is never shed and remains intact
Answer
basal


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whitish or yellow – lochia alba. The lochia may persist for up to 4 weeks and in some cases beyond. • The superficial layer of the endometrium becomes necrotic and replaced by the newly regenerated layer from the basal layer. • The <span>basal layer is never shed and remains intact<span><body><html>







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Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).

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Flashcard 1414117592332

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Question
Involution of the Uterus
• The process where [...].
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size


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Involution of the Uterus • The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size. • The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta. • The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below







Flashcard 1414119165196

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Question
Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after [...]
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
the expulsion of the placenta.


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Involution of the Uterus • The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size. • The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta. • The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubi







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Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells [...]
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
shrink, rather than reduce in number.


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/head>Involution of the Uterus • The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size. • The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta. • The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 wee







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Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within [...] hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
24


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us returns to its pre-pregnancy size. • The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta. • The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below the umbilicus within <span>24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.&#1







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Question
Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within [...] week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
1


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ion of the placenta. • The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within <span>1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum. • The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).</spa







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Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by [...] weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
2


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pertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by <span>2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum. • The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1414127029516

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Question
Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by [...] weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).
Answer
6


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r than reduce in number. • The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by <span>6 weeks post-partum. • The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (ischemic appearance).<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1414128602380

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Question
Involution of the Uterus
• The process where the pregnant uterus returns to its pre-pregnancy size.
• The uterus contracts after the expulsion of the placenta.
• The previously hypertrophied muscle cells shrink, rather than reduce in number.
• The fundus remains below the umbilicus within 24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum.
• The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature ([...] appearance).
Answer
ischemic


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24 hours of delivery, midway between the pubic symphysis and the umbilicus within 1 week postpartum, impalpable per abdomen by 2 weeks and returns to normal size by 6 weeks post-partum. • The myometrium contracts the uterine vasculature (<span>ischemic appearance).<span><body><html>







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Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection.
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.

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Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where [...]
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection.
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.
Answer
the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.


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Sub-involution • The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size. • The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection. • Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding. • Treatment d







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Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are [...] and pelvic infection.
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.
Answer
retained products of conception


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Sub-involution • The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size. • The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection. • Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding. • Treatment depends on the etiology. • Retained products of conception may res







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Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and [...].
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.
Answer
pelvic infection


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Sub-involution • The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size. • The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection. • Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding. • Treatment depends on the etiology. • Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (







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Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection.
• Presents as [...].
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.
Answer
persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding


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in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size. • The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection. • Presents as <span>persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding. • Treatment depends on the etiology. • Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the ute







Flashcard 1414137777420

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Question
Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection.
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to [...] or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.
Answer
Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction)


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common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection. • Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding. • Treatment depends on the etiology. • Retained products of conception may respond to <span>Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus). • Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1414139350284

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Question
Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection.
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or [...].
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.
Answer
surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus)


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ption and pelvic infection. • Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding. • Treatment depends on the etiology. • Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or <span>surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus). • Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to antibiotic therapy.<span><body><html>







Flashcard 1414140923148

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Question
Sub-involution
• The delay in the normal postpartum changes in the uterus results in delayed involution where the uterus fails to go back to its normal size.
• The two most common causes are retained products of conception and pelvic infection.
• Presents as persistent vaginal discharge, mild or profuse bleeding.
• Treatment depends on the etiology.
• Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus).
• Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to [...].
Answer
antibiotic therapy


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. • Treatment depends on the etiology. • Retained products of conception may respond to Misoprostol (to aid uterine contraction) or surgical intervention (evacuation of the uterus). • Pelvic infection (endometritis) responds to <span>antibiotic therapy.<span><body><html>







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Delayed post-partum hemorrhage
• Bleeding occurring 1 to 2 weeks into the puerperium.
• May result from retained products of conception or abnormal placental site involution.
• The retained piece of the placenta may become calcified forming a placental polyp.
• Treatment with ergometrine, misoprostol and Prostaglandin is conservative and preserves the uterus.
• Surgical treatment with gentle dilatation and curettage is reserved for severe bleeding or if medical treatment fails. Beware of overzealous curettage as this may lead uterine synechiae (Asherman’s syndrome).

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Flashcard 1414143806732

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Delayed post-partum hemorrhage
• Bleeding occurring [...] weeks into the puerperium.
• May result from retained products of conception or abnormal placental site involution.
• The retained piece of the placenta may become calcified forming a placental polyp.
• Treatment with ergometrine, misoprostol and Prostaglandin is conservative and preserves the uterus.
• Surgical treatment with gentle dilatation and curettage is reserved for severe bleeding or if medical treatment fails. Beware of overzealous curettage as this may lead uterine synechiae (Asherman’s syndrome).
Answer
1 to 2


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Delayed post-partum hemorrhage • Bleeding occurring 1 to 2 weeks into the puerperium. • May result from retained products of conception or abnormal placental site involution. • The retained piece of the placenta may become calcified f







Flashcard 1414145379596

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Delayed post-partum hemorrhage
• Bleeding occurring 1 to 2 weeks into the puerperium.
• May result from [...] or abnormal placental site involution.
• The retained piece of the placenta may become calcified forming a placental polyp.
• Treatment with ergometrine, misoprostol and Prostaglandin is conservative and preserves the uterus.
• Surgical treatment with gentle dilatation and curettage is reserved for severe bleeding or if medical treatment fails. Beware of overzealous curettage as this may lead uterine synechiae (Asherman’s syndrome).
Answer
retained products of conception


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Delayed post-partum hemorrhage • Bleeding occurring 1 to 2 weeks into the puerperium. • May result from