# on 29-Jan-2017 (Sun)

#### Flashcard 1432377756940

Tags
#italian #italian-grammar
Question
When one person, object or activity is compared with another a [...] form is used.
comparative

mia figlia nuota meglio della sua ‘my daughter swims better than hers’;

la pasta napoletana è migliore di quella siciliana ‘Neapolitan pasta is better than Sicilian pasta’.

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When one person, object or activity is compared with another a comparative form is used: mia figlia nuota meglio della sua ‘my daughter swims better than hers’; la pasta napoletana è migliore di quella siciliana ‘Neapolitan pasta is better than Sicilian pasta’

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#### Flashcard 1432409738508

Tags
#italian #italian-grammar
Question
A noun is [...] if it can normally be used in both singular and plural, and take the indefinite article un, una (etc.)
countable

un bicchiere ‘a glass’; una pizza ‘a pizza’.

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A noun is countable if it can normally be used in both singular and plural, and take the indefinite article un, una (etc.): un bicchiere ‘a glass’; una pizza ‘a pizza’. Whereas an uncountable noun is one w

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#### Flashcard 1432701242636

Tags
#italian #italian-grammar
Question
With [...], there is not always an obvious explanation for their gender.
non-animate objects

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With non-animate objects, there is not always an obvious explanation for their gender.

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#### Flashcard 1439261920524

Tags
#eximbank #fees #octopus #usa
Question
Letter of interest: $[...] for online application;$ [...]for paper application via mail and fax.
50

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Letter of interest: $50 for online application;$100 for paper application via mail and fax.

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Government-Assisted Foreign Buyer Financing (Eximbank USA)

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Government-Assisted Foreign Buyer Financing (Eximbank USA)
disbursement of a loan to the foreign buyers. Generally, goods shipped by sea must be carried exclusively on U.S. vessels. Direct loans are best used when the buyer insists on a fixed rate. <span>Fees and Ex-Im Bank Contact Information Letter of interest: $50 for online application;$100 for paper application via mail and fax. Preliminary commitment: 0.1 of 1 percent of the financed amount up to \$25,000. Guarantee commitment: 0.125 percent per year on the undisbursed balance of the loan. Direct loan commitment: 0.5 percent per year on the undisbursed balance of the loan. Exposure fee: varies, depending upon tenor, country risk, and buyer credit risk. For more information about loans from Ex-Im Bank, visit its Web site at www.exim.gov or call 1-800-565-EXIM (3946). <span><body><html>

#### Flashcard 1439578328332

Tags
#aspectos-generales #beneficios #immex #mexico #octopus
Question

Los bienes están agrupados bajo las siguientes 3 categorías:

1. [...], partes y componentes que se vayan a destinar totalmente a integrar mercancías de exportación; combustibles, lubricantes y otros materiales que se vayan a consumir durante el proceso productivo de la mercancía de exportación; envases y empaques; etiquetas y folletos.
Materias primas

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Los bienes están agrupados bajo las siguientes categorías: Materias primas, partes y componentes que se vayan a destinar totalmente a integrar mercancías de exportación; combustibles, lubricantes y otros materiales que se vayan a consumir durante el proceso pr

Decreto IMMEX

#### Flashcard 1439592746252

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Question

2. Programa IMMEX [...], cuando se realice un proceso industrial de elaboración o transformación de mercancías destinadas a la exportación;
Industrial

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y> Programa IMMEX Controladora de empresas, cuando en un mismo programa se integren las operaciones de manufactura de una empresa certificada denominada controladora y una o más sociedades controladas; Programa IMMEX Industrial, cuando se realice un proceso industrial de elaboración o transformación de mercancías destinadas a la exportación; Programa IMMEX Servicios, cuando se realicen servicios a mercancías d

Decreto IMMEX

#### Flashcard 1439606115596

Tags
#aspectos-generales #immex #mexico #octopus
Question
Vigencia:
La vigencia de los Programas IMMEX estará sujeta [...] y con [...]
mientras el titular continúe cumpliendo con los requisitos previstos

las obligaciones establecidas en el Decreto.

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Vigencia: La vigencia de los Programas IMMEX estará sujeta mientras el titular de los mismos continúe cumpliendo con los requisitos previstos para su otorgamiento y con las obligaciones establecidas en el Decreto.

Decreto IMMEX

#### Flashcard 1439610834188

Tags
#aspectos-generales #compromisos #immex #mexico #octopus
Question

La autorización del Programa IMMEX se otorgará bajo el compromiso de realizar anualmente ventas al exterior por un valor superior a [...] USD, o su equivalente MXN, o bien, facturar exportaciones, cuando menos por el 10% de su facturación total.
500,000

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La autorización del Programa IMMEX se otorgará bajo el compromiso de realizar anualmente ventas al exterior por un valor superior a 500,000 USD, o su equivalente MXN, o bien, facturar exportaciones, cuando menos por el 10% de su facturación total.

Decreto IMMEX

#### Flashcard 1439731944716

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Question
Section 2 introduces the [...].
analysis of market structures

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Section 2 introduces the analysis of market structures. The section addresses questions such as: What determines the degree of competition associated with each market structure? Given the degree of competition associated with each market st

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1. INTRODUCTION
ts are possible even in the long run; in the short run, any outcome is possible. Therefore, understanding the forces behind the market structure will aid the financial analyst in determining firms’ short- and long-term prospects. <span>Section 2 introduces the analysis of market structures. The section addresses questions such as: What determines the degree of competition associated with each market structure? Given the degree of competition associated with each market structure, what decisions are left to the management team developing corporate strategy? How does a chosen pricing and output strategy evolve into specific decisions that affect the profitability of the firm? The answers to these questions are related to the forces of the market structure within which the firm operates. Sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 analyze demand, supply, optimal price and output, and factors affecting long-run equilibrium for perfect competition, monopolistic competition, olig

#### Flashcard 1448348617996

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Question
This reading is organized as follows:

In Section 2, we introduce the cost of capital and its basic computation.

Section 3 presents a selection of methods for [...]

Section 4 discusses issues an analyst faces in using the cost of capital.
estimating the costs of the various sources of capital.

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This reading is organized as follows: In Section 2, we introduce the cost of capital and its basic computation. Section 3 presents a selection of methods for estimating the costs of the various sources of capital. Section 4 discusses issues an analyst faces in using the cost of capital.

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1. INTRODUCTION
r, is to estimate the cost of capital for the company as a whole and then adjust this overall corporate cost of capital upward or downward to reflect the risk of the contemplated project relative to the company’s average project. <span>This reading is organized as follows: In the next section, we introduce the cost of capital and its basic computation. Section 3 presents a selection of methods for estimating the costs of the various sources of capital. Section 4 discusses issues an analyst faces in using the cost of capital. A summary concludes the reading. <span><body><html>

#### Flashcard 1448739998988

Tags
#cfa-level-1 #economics #has-images #microeconomics #reading-15-demand-and-supply-analysis-the-firm #section-3-analysis-of-revenue-costs-and-profit #study-session-4

Question
Point S, which corresponds to QAVC, is the [...]

Point T, which corresponds to QATC, is the [...]
minimum point on the AVC .

minimum point on ATC.

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This shows the cost curve relationships among ATC, AVC, and AFC in the short run. The difference between ATC and AVC at any output quantity is exactly equal to the amount of AFC. Both ATC and AVC take on a bowl-shaped pattern in which each curv

#### Flashcard 1450269609228

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Question
At zero output, total costs are always equal to the amount of [...] that is incurred at this production point.
total fixed cost

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Normal profit is considered to be a fixed cost because it is a return required by investors on their equity capital regardless of output level. At zero output, total costs are always equal to the amount of total fixed cost that is incurred at this production point. In Exhibit 13, total fixed cost remains at 100 throughout the entire production range.

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Costs
rate of change in total variable cost. In Exhibit 13, TC at 5 units is 400—of which 300 is variable cost and 100 is fixed cost. At 10 units, total costs are 1,650, which is the sum of 1,550 in variable cost and 100 in fixed cost. <span>Total fixed cost (TFC) is the summation of all expenses that do not change when production varies. It can be a sunk or unavoidable cost that a firm has to cover whether it produces anything or not, or it can be a cost that stays the same over a range of production but can change to another constant level when production moves outside of that range. The latter is referred to as a quasi-fixed cost , although it remains categorized as part of TFC. Examples of fixed costs are debt service, real estate lease agreements, and rental contracts. Quasi-fixed cost examples would be certain utilities and administrative salaries that could be avoided or be lower when output is zero but would assume higher constant values over different production ranges. Normal profit is considered to be a fixed cost because it is a return required by investors on their equity capital regardless of output level. At zero output, total costs are always equal to the amount of total fixed cost that is incurred at this production point. In Exhibit 13, total fixed cost remains at 100 throughout the entire production range. Other fixed costs evolve primarily from investments in such fixed assets as real estate, production facilities, and equipment. As a firm grows in size, fixed asset expansion occurs along with a related increase in fixed cost. However, fixed cost cannot be arbitrarily cut when production declines. Regardless of the volume of output, an investment in a given level of fixed assets locks the firm into a certain amount of fixed cost that is used to finance the physical capital base, technology, and other capital assets. When a firm downsizes, the last expense to be cut is usually fixed cost. Total variable cost (TVC), which is the summation of all variable expenses, has a direct relationship with quantity. When quantity increases, total variable cost increases

#### Flashcard 1450821160204

Tags
#estrategias
Question

Las decisiones [...] tienen que ver con asuntos tales como la fijación de precios y la eficacia en la fabricación y la publicidad.

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La estrategia de negocios es la forma en que un negocio compite en un sector particular. Las decisiones estratégicas adoptadas a nivel negocio tienen que ver con asuntos tales como la fijación de precios y la eficacia en la fabricación y la publicidad. La estrategia de negocios se basa principalmente en la obtención de una ven

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Estrategia de negocios y corporativa
respecto a la dirección de la organización en su conjunto. Esta estrategia se refiere a los asuntos que afectan a la empresa en general, tales como decidir el tamaño y la composición del portafolio de negocios. <span>Estrategia de negocios La estrategia de negocios es la forma en que un negocio compite en un sector particular. Las decisiones estratégicas adoptadas a nivel negocio tienen que ver con asuntos tales como la fijación de precios y la eficacia en la fabricación y la publicidad. La estrategia de negocios se basa principalmente en la obtención de una ventaja competitiva en el mercado . <span><body><html>

#### Flashcard 1450856287500

Tags
#reestructuracion-financiera
Question
En los [...] se proporcionan los fondos necesarios para adquirir activos fijos, siendo su parte medular las bolsas de valores.

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En los Mercados de Capital se comercializan los valores a largo plazo, como son los bonos y las acciones, es decir, las emisiones de deuda y de capital de las empresas y de los gobiernos. Proporcionan

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#### Flashcard 1450859695372

Tags
#reestructuracion-financiera
Question
Las tesorerías de las empresas buscarán aplicar sus [...]
excedentes de tesorería.

Corto y mediano plazo y en los cajones de inversión que mejor rendimiento les den.

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Las tesorerías de las empresas buscarán aplicar sus excedentes de tesorería, tanto en el corto como en el mediano plazo y en los cajones de inversión que mejor rendimiento les proporcionen. Asimismo, la aplicación de los recursos disponibles de la emp

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#### Flashcard 1450875424012

Tags
#reestructuracion-financiera
Question
Previa a la reestructuración organizacional, operativa y financiera, es aconsejable efectuar un análisis de la posible [...], así como de su Adelgazamiento organizacional.
Redimensión de la empresa

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Previa a la reestructuración organizacional, operativa y financiera, es aconsejable efectuar un análisis de la posible Redimensión de la empresa, así como de su Adelgazamiento organizacional.

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#### Flashcard 1453685083404

Tags
#conversation-tactics
Question
Most people aren’t by nature inclined to brag about themselves, they talk about themselves so [...]
they can feel validated by others.

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Most people aren’t by nature inclined to brag about themselves, they talk about themselves so they can feel validated by others.

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#### Annotation 1454823836940

 #48-laws-of-power Learning the game of power requires a certain way of looking at the world, a shifting of perspective. It takes effort and years of practice, for much of the game may not come naturally. Certain basic skills are required, and once you master these skills you will be able to apply the laws of power more easily.

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#### Annotation 1454882557196

 #48-laws-of-power It is a game. Both of you behave as gentlemen. observing the rules of the game and taking nothing personally.

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highest nobility, he had forgotten that his position depended on the emperor, and had come to believe that he had earned it on his own. This was an unforgivable miscalculation of his own importance and he paid for it with his life. <span>Remember the following: Never take your position for granted and never let any favors you receive go to your head.<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1455174585612

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master Commit harmless mistakes that will not hurt you in the long run but will give you the chance to ask for his help. Masters adore such requests.

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#### Annotation 1455189527820

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master Avoid outshining the master. This is a lesson that the stars in the sky teach us—they may be related to the sun, and just as brilliant, but they never appear in her company.

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13; Sky. There can be only one sun at a time. Never obscure the sunlight, or rival the sun’s brilliance; rather, fade into the sky and find ways to heighten the master star’s intensity. Authority: <span>Avoid outshining the master. All superiority is odious, but the superiority of a subject over his prince is not only stupid, it is fatal. This is a lesson that the stars in the sky teach us—they may be related to the sun, and just as brilliant, but they never appear in her company. (Baltasar Gracián, 1601-1658)<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1455199489292

 #48-laws-of-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master #reversal If your master is very weak and ready to fall, let nature take its course. Do not risk outshining a feeble superior—it might appear cruel or spiteful.

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othing to fear from outshining him. Do not be merciful—your master had no such scruples in his own cold-blooded climb to the top. Gauge his strength. If he is weak, discreetly hasten his downfall: Outdo, outcharm, outsmart him at key moments. <span>If he is very weak and ready to fall, let nature take its course. Do not risk outshining a feeble superior—it might appear cruel or spiteful. But if your master is firm in his position, yet you know yourself to be the more capable, bide your time and be patient. It is the natural course of things that power eventually fades a

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#### Flashcard 1455280491788

Tags
#biochem
Question
When is A-form DNA favored? (2 times)
Usually only favored when limited water is available to hydrate the DNA. The A-form helix is also adopted by RNA-DNA hybrids

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DNA can also adopt the A-form helical structure (Figure 2.15), but it is usually only favored when limited water is available to hydrate the DNA. When DNA molecules that are in the B-form are allowed to dry out slowly, they switch spontaneously to A-DNA. Th e A-form helix is also adopted by RNA-DNA hybrids

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#### Flashcard 1456148188428

Tags
#biochem
Question
Th ere is, in addition, a fundamentally dif- ferent way of reading information stored in DNA that neither opens the helix nor copies the sequence, but instead reads the base sequence from the “outside” (via the grooves), leaving the helix largely intact. Th is process of reading the surface signposts of the base pairs is particularly important in the mechanisms by which [...and...are controlled]
DNA replication and transcription are controlled

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he sequence, but instead reads the base sequence from the “outside” (via the grooves), leaving the helix largely intact. Th is process of reading the surface signposts of the base pairs is particularly important in the mechanisms by which <span>DNA replication and transcription are controlled<span><body><html>

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#### Flashcard 1456504966412

Tags
#biochem
Question
What double helical structure does RNA form and what is its suger pucker? (which carbon?)
RNA does form a double-helical structure known as the A-form helix, in which the sugar pucker is C3ʹ endo.

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ecall from Section 2.7 that RNA cannot readily adopt the C2ʹ endo sugar pucker characteristic of B-DNA. However, RNA does form a double-helical structure known as the A-form helix, in which the sugar pucker is C3ʹ endo.

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#### Annotation 1456601435404

 #enneagram-made-easy Ones are motivated by the need to live their life the right way, including improving themselves and the world around them.

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#### Annotation 1456603008268

 #enneagram-made-easy #perfectionist Ones at their BEST are ethical reliable productive wise idealistic fair honest self-disciplined Ones at their WORST are judgmental inflexible dogmatic obsessive-compulsive critical of others overly serious controlling orderly anxious jealous

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#### Flashcard 1456606153996

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#conversation-tactics
Question
Regarding pace, When you’re making a big point, you should [...] to increase the impact felt

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Speed and pace are how you can emphasize certain points. When you’re making a big point, you should slow down your pace to increase the impact felt

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#### Annotation 1456607989004

 Small words can have a big effect when used with care and understanding. And because they are small, they often go undetected, which makes them subtle tools for change and persuasion.

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#### Annotation 1456609561868

 Ace (perfection)

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#### Annotation 1456662777100

 #69-ways-to-influence we also live in an incredible age, where the study of human psychology has researched, worked out, proven and explained many concrete ways in which humans are powerfully influenced.

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#### Annotation 1456665922828

 #69-ways-to-influence Influence and control really boils down to making someone else make a decision in the direction you wish them to.

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#### Annotation 1456667495692

 #69-ways-to-influence The first principle to understand is that human beings are emotional creatures. Our day to day lives are filled with hundreds of micro-decisions, which we mostly make unconsciously, and these decisions are largely based on our emotional responses to things.

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#### Annotation 1456669068556

 #69-ways-to-influence Because nobody likes to admit that our decisions are based mainly on how we feel in that moment, we almost always explain out decision to ourselves based on logic.

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#### Annotation 1456670641420

 #69-ways-to-influence it is very effective to influence someone using a strong emotional technique, and then help them along by giving them a logical reason to explain to themselves or others by saying ‘because…’ and giving any logical reason.

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#### Annotation 1456672214284

 #69-ways-to-influence It’s important to remember that people make decisions emotionally, because then you start to realize that people will follow their emotions. Yet they do not necessarily know where their emotions are coming from. You can lead their emotions, in many man ways.

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#### Flashcard 1456750857484

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
the better you are at [...], the better friend, lover, husband, wife, and person you become.
dealing with power

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the better you are at dealing with power, the better friend, lover, husband, wife, and person you become.

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#### Annotation 1456754265356

 #48-laws-of-power Certain basic skills are required, and once you master these skills you will be able to apply the laws of power more easily.

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Learning the game of power requires a certain way of looking at the world, a shifting of perspective. It takes effort and years of practice, for much of the game may not come naturally. Certain basic skills are required, and once you master these skills you will be able to apply the laws of power more easily.

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#### Flashcard 1456756100364

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
For the future, the motto is, “[...].”

Nothing should catch you by surprise because you are constantly imagining problems before they arise.

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For the future, the motto is, “No days unalert.” Nothing should catch you by surprise because you are constantly imagining problems before they arise.

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#### Flashcard 1456758983948

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
The further you see, the more steps ahead you plan, the more [...]
powerful you become

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The further you see, the more steps ahead you plan, the more powerful you become

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#### Flashcard 1456761605388

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
Half of the game is learning how to [...] that eat away at you and cloud your reason.
forget those events in the past

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Half of the game is learning how to forget those events in the past that eat away at you and cloud your reason.

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#### Flashcard 1456763440396

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
Power is [...]—this cannot be repeated too often—
a game

and in games you do not judge your opponents by their intentions but by the effect of their actions.

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Power is a game—this cannot be repeated too often—and in games you do not judge your opponents by their intentions but by the effect of their actions.

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#### Flashcard 1456767110412

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
Never waste valuable time, or mental peace of mind, on the [...]—that is too high a price to pay.
affairs of others

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Never waste valuable time, or mental peace of mind, on the affairs of others—that is too high a price to pay.

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#### Flashcard 1456769207564

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
To be a master player you must also be a master [...].
psychologist

You must recognize motivations and see through the cloud of dust with which people surround their actions.

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To be a master player you must also be a master psychologist. You must recognize motivations and see through the cloud of dust with which people surround their actions.

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#### Flashcard 1456772091148

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
Never trust anyone completely and [...]
study everyone

including friends and loved ones.

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Never trust anyone completely and study everyone, including friends and loved ones.

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#### Annotation 1456784936204

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master With those above you, however, you must take a different approach: When it comes to power, outshining the master is perhaps the worst mistake of all.

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You cannot spend your life worrying about the petty feelings of others. With those above you, however, you must take a different approach: When it comes to power, outshining the master is perhaps the worst mistake of all.

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#### Annotation 1456786509068

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master Masters always want to feel secure in their positions, and superior to those around them in intelligence, wit, and charm.

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Do not fool yourself into thinking that life has changed much since the days of Louis XIV and the Medicis. Those who attain high standing in life are like kings and queens: They want to feel secure in their positions, and superior to those around them in intelligence, wit, and charm.

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#### Annotation 1456788344076

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master Do not fool yourself into thinking that life has changed much since the days of Louis XIV and the Medicis

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Do not fool yourself into thinking that life has changed much since the days of Louis XIV and the Medicis. Those who attain high standing in life are like kings and queens: They want to feel secure in their positions, and superior to those around them in intelligence, wit, and charm.

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#### Flashcard 1456790179084

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #first-rule #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
If you cannot help being charming and superior, you must learn to [...].
avoid such monsters of vanity

Either that, or find a way to mute your good qualities when in the company of a Cesare Borgia.

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If you cannot help being charming and superior, you must learn to avoid such monsters of vanity. Either that, or find a way to mute your good qualities when in the company of a Cesare Borgia.

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#### Annotation 1456792800524

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master Public flattery can be effective but has its limits; it is too direct and obvious, and looks bad to other courtiers.

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First you must flatter and puff up your master. Overt flattery can be effective but has its limits; it is too direct and obvious, and looks bad to other courtiers.

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#### Flashcard 1456796470540

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
Public flattery can be effective but has its limits; it is too direct and obvious, and [...]

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Public flattery can be effective but has its limits; it is too direct and obvious, and looks bad to other courtiers.

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#### Annotation 1456798567692

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master A master who cannot bestow on you the gifts of his experience may direct rancor and ill will at you instead.

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Act naive. Make it seem that you need his expertise. Commit harmless mistakes that will not hurt you in the long run but will give you the chance to ask for his help. Masters adore such requests. A master who cannot bestow on you the gifts of his experience may direct rancor and ill will at you instead.

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#### Flashcard 1456800402700

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
A master who cannot bestow on you [...] may direct rancor and ill will at you instead.

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A master who cannot bestow on you the gifts of his experience may direct rancor and ill will at you instead.

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#### Flashcard 1456803548428

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
Act naive. Make it seem that you need [...].
his expertise

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Act naive. Make it seem that you need his expertise. Commit harmless mistakes that will not hurt you in the long run but will give you the chance to ask for his help. Masters adore such requests.

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#### Flashcard 1456807480588

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
Commit harmless mistakes that will not hurt you in the long run but [...].
will give you the chance to ask for his help.

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Commit harmless mistakes that will not hurt you in the long run but will give you the chance to ask for his help. Masters adore such requests.

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#### Annotation 1456811674892

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master If you have to entertaining your master, display limited means to win his sympathy.

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If you are thrust into the position of entertaining him, a display of your limited means may win you his sympathy. Any attempt to impress him with your grace and generosity can prove fatal: Learn from Fouquet or pay the price.

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#### Annotation 1456814820620

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master Any attempt to impress your master with your grace and generosity can prove fatal: Learn from Fouquet or pay the price.

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If you are thrust into the position of entertaining him, a display of your limited means may win you his sympathy. Any attempt to impress him with your grace and generosity can prove fatal: Learn from Fouquet or pay the price.

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#### Flashcard 1456817704204

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
it is not a weakness to [...] if in the end they lead to power.

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it is not a weakness to disguise your strengths if in the end they lead to power.

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#### Annotation 1456821112076

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master All superiority is odious, but the superiority of a subject over his prince is not only stupid, it is fatal.

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Avoid outshining the master. All superiority is odious, but the superiority of a subject over his prince is not only stupid, it is fatal. This is a lesson that the stars in the sky teach us—they may be related to the sun, and just as brilliant, but they never appear in her company.

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Tags
#48-laws-of-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master #reversal
Question
let nature take its course

Do not risk outshining a feeble superior—it might appear cruel or spiteful.

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If your master is very weak and ready to fall, let nature take its course. Do not risk outshining a feeble superior—it might appear cruel or spiteful.

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#### Flashcard 1456837627148

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
If you can master the [...], you will be able to make people bend to your will without their realizing what you have done.
arts of indirection

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If you can master the arts of indirection, you will be able to make people bend to your will without their realizing what you have done. And if they do not realize what you have done, they will neither resent nor resist you.</s

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#### Flashcard 1456839200012

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
You must create for yourself-one face looking continuously to [...] and the other to [...]
the future

the past.

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You must create for yourself-one face looking continuously to the future and the other to the past.

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#### Flashcard 1456841559308

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
We face a paradox: Everything must appear civilized, decent, democratic, and fair.

But if we play by those rules too strictly,
[...]
we are crushed by those around us who are not so foolish.

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Today we face a peculiarly similar paradox to that of the courtier: Everything must appear civilized, decent, democratic, and fair. But if we play by those rules too strictly, if we take them too literally, we are crushed by those around us who are not so foolish.

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#### Flashcard 1456845491468

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
Another strategy of the supposed nonplayer is to [...].
demand equality in every area of life

Everyone must be treated alike, whatever their status and strength.

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Another strategy of the supposed nonplayer is to demand equality in every area of life. Everyone must be treated alike, whatever their status and strength.

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#### Annotation 1456848112908

 #48-laws-of-power being perfectly honest will inevitably hurt and insult a great many people, some of whom will choose to injure you in return.

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Yet another way of avoiding the game would be perfect honesty and straightforwardness, since one of the main techniques of those who seek power is deceit and secrecy. But being perfectly honest will inevitably hurt and insult a great many people, some of whom will choose to injure you in return.

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#### Flashcard 1456849685772

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
The only means to gain one’s ends with people are [...].
force and cunning

Love also, they say; but that is to wait for sunshine, and life needs every moment

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The only means to gain one’s ends with people are force and cunning. Love also, they say; but that is to wait for sunshine, and life needs every moment

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#### Flashcard 1456852045068

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
An [...] to a situation is the single greatest barrier to power.
emotional response

a mistake that will cost you a lot more than any temporary satisfaction you might gain by expressing your feelings.

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An emotional response to a situation is the single greatest barrier to power, a mistake that will cost you a lot more than any temporary satisfaction you might gain by expressing your feelings.

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#### Flashcard 1456854404364

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
If you are trying to [...], far better to keep him off-guard by feigning friendliness than showing your anger.
destroy an enemy who has hurt you

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If you are trying to destroy an enemy who has hurt you, far better to keep him off-guard by feigning friendliness than showing your anger.

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#### Flashcard 1456855977228

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
[...] are potentially destructive, in that they blind you to the often self-serving interests of those whom you least suspect of playing a power game.
Love and affection

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Love and affection are potentially destructive, in that they blind you to the often self-serving interests of those whom you least suspect of playing a power game.

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#### Flashcard 1456857812236

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
The real purpose of the backward-glancing eye is to [...]
educate yourself constantly

you look at the past to learn from those who came before you. (The many historical examples in this book will greatly help that process.)

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The real purpose of the backward-glancing eye is to educate yourself constantly—you look at the past to learn from those who came before you. (The many historical examples in this book will greatly help that process.)

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#### Flashcard 1456860171532

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
There are no principles; there are only [...].
events

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There are no principles; there are only events.

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#### Flashcard 1456861744396

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Question
There is no good and bad, there are only [...].
circumstances

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There is no good and bad, there are only circumstances.

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#### Flashcard 1456863841548

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Question
If deception is the most potent weapon in your arsenal, then [...] in all things is your crucial shield.
patience

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If deception is the most potent weapon in your arsenal, then patience in all things is your crucial shield.

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#### Flashcard 1456865414412

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Question
[...] is the supreme virtue of the gods.
patience

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patience is the supreme virtue of the gods, who have nothing but time.

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#### Flashcard 1456866987276

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Question
Power is a social game. To learn and master it, you must develop the ability to [...]
study and understand people.

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Power is a social game. To learn and master it, you must develop the ability to study and understand people.

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Question
Never [...] as to whom you study and whom you trust.
discriminate

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Never discriminate as to whom you study and whom you trust.

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Question
Finally, you must learn always to take the [...] to power.
indirect route

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Finally, you must learn always to take the indirect route to power.

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#### Flashcard 1456871968012

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
The laws have a simple premise: Certain actions almost always increase one’s power (the [...] of the law), while others decrease it and even ruin us (the [...] of the law).
observance

transgression

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The laws have a simple premise: Certain actions almost always increase one’s power (the observance of the law), while others decrease it and even ruin us (the transgression of the law).

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#### Flashcard 1456874589452

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
In your desire to please and impress your superiors, do not go too far in [...] or you might accomplish the opposite—inspire fear and insecurity.

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In your desire to please and impress your superiors, do not go too far in displaying your talents or you might accomplish the opposite—inspire fear and insecurity.

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#### Flashcard 1456876162316

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
Make your masters appear [...] and you will attain the heights of power.
more brilliant than they are

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Make your masters appear more brilliant than they are and you will attain the heights of power.

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#### Annotation 1456877735180

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-1-never-outshine-the-master #observance-of-the-law Masters care about their name and glory.

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Galileo gained more with his new strategy than he had in years of begging. The reason is simple: All masters want to appear more brilliant than other people. They do not care about science or empirical truth or the latest invention ; they care about their name and glory. Galileo gave the Medicis infinitely more glory by linking their name with cosmic forces than he had by making them the patrons of some new scientific gadget or discovery. Sci

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#### Annotation 1456880094476

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-1-never-outshine-the-master #observance-of-the-law intellectual powers can make the master feel insecure

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ame and glory. Galileo gave the Medicis infinitely more glory by linking their name with cosmic forces than he had by making them the patrons of some new scientific gadget or discovery. Scientists too must serve masters. And their <span>intellectual powers can make the master feel insecure , as if he were only there to supply the funds—an ugly, ignoble job. The producer of a great work wants to feel he is more than just the provider of the financing.

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#### Flashcard 1456881929484

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
When you show yourself in the world and [...], you naturally stir up all kinds of resentment, envy, and other manifestations of insecurity.

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When you show yourself in the world and display your talents, you naturally stir up all kinds of resentment, envy, and other manifestations of insecurity.

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#### Flashcard 1456883502348

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
This Law involves [...] rules that you must realize.
two

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This Law involves two rules that you must realize.

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#### Flashcard 1456885075212

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
First rule:

You can outshine a master [...].
without knowing simply by being yourself

Some masters are really insecure; you may naturally outshine them by your charm and grace.

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First rule: You can inadvertently outshine a master simply by being yourself. There are masters who are more insecure than others, monstrously insecure; you may naturally outshine them by your charm and grace.

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#### Flashcard 1456888483084

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master
Question
[...] flattery is much more powerful.
Discreet

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Discreet flattery is much more powerful.

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#### Flashcard 1456891628812

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master #reversal
Question
[...] his strength. If he is weak, discreetly hasten his downfall: Outdo, outcharm, outsmart him at key moments.
Gauge

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Gauge his strength. If he is weak, discreetly hasten his downfall: Outdo, outcharm, outsmart him at key moments.

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#### Flashcard 1456893201676

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #law-1-never-outshine-the-master #reversal
Question
It is the natural course of things that power [...].

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It is the natural course of things that power eventually fades and weakens.

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#### Flashcard 1456894774540

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
To seduce, charm, deceive, and subtly outmaneuver your opponents are the [...]
arts of indirection

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If you can master the arts of indirection, learning to seduce, charm, deceive, and subtly outmaneuver your opponents, you will attain the heights of power.

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#### Flashcard 1456896347404

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
[...] cloud reason, and if you cannot see the situation clearly, you cannot prepare for and respond to it with any degree of control.
Emotions

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Emotions cloud reason, and if you cannot see the situation clearly, you cannot prepare for and respond to it with any degree of control.

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#### Flashcard 1456898182412

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
Half of your mastery of power comes from what you [...].
do not do

what you do not allow yourself to get dragged into.

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Half of your mastery of power comes from what you do not do, what you do not allow yourself to get dragged into.

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#48-laws-of-power
Question
It is a game. Both of you behave as gentlemen. observing the rules of the game and [...]
taking nothing personally.

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It is a game. Both of you behave as gentlemen. observing the rules of the game and taking nothing personally.

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#### Annotation 1456912862476

 #48-laws-of-power LAW 2 NEVER PUT TOO MUCH TRUST IN FRIENDS, LEARN HOW TO USE ENEMIES

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#### Flashcard 1456913911052

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
LAW 2

NEVER
[...], LEARN HOW
[...]
PUT TOO MUCH TRUST IN FRIENDS

TO USE ENEMIES

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LAW 2 NEVER PUT TOO MUCH TRUST IN FRIENDS, LEARN HOW TO USE ENEMIES

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#### Annotation 1456916270348

 #48-laws-of-power JUDGMENT Be wary of friends—they will betray you more quickly, for they are easily aroused to envy. They also become spoiled and tyrannical. But hire a former enemy and he will be more loyal than a friend, because he has more to prove. In fact, you have more to fear from friends than from enemies. If you have no enemies, find a way to make them.

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#### Annotation 1456923086092

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #transgression-of-the-law THE SNAKE, THE FARMER, AND THE HERON A snake chased by hunters asked a farmer to save its life. To hide it from its pursuers, the farmer squatted and let the snake crawl into his belly. But when the danger had passed and the farmer asked the snake to come out, the snake refused. It was warm and safe inside. On his way home, the man saw a heron and went up to him and whispered what had happened. The heron told him to squat and strain to eject the snake. When the snake snuck its head out, the heron caught it, pulled it out, and killed it. The farmer was worried that the snake’s poison might still be inside him, and the heron told him that the cure for snake poison was to cook and eat six white fowl. “You’re a white fowl,” said the farmer. “You’ll do for a start.” He grabbed the heron, put it in a bag, and carried it home, where he hung it up while he told his wife what had happened. “I’m surprised at you, ” said the wife. “The bird does you a kindness, rids you of the evil in your belly, saves your life in fact, yet you catch it and talk of killing it. She immediately released the heron, and it flew away. But on its way, it gouged out her eyes. Moral: When you see water flowing uphill, it means that someone is repaying a kindness. AFRICAN FOLK TALE

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ched as they stabbed the emperor to death. Then, after proclaiming himself emperor, he rode his horse through the streets of Byzantium, brandishing the head of his former benefactor and best friend at the end of a long pike. <span>THE SNAKE, THE FARMER, AND THE HERON A snake chased by hunters asked a farmer to save its life. To hide it from its pursuers, the farmer squatted and let the snake crawl into his belly. But when the danger had passed and the farmer asked the snake to come out, the snake refused. It was warm and safe inside. On his way home, the man saw a heron and went up to him and whispered what had happened. The heron told him to squat and strain to eject the snake. When the snake snuck its head out, the heron caught it, pulled it out, and killed it. The farmer was worried that the snake’s poison might still be inside him, and the heron told him that the cure for snake poison was to cook and eat six white fowl. “You’re a white fowl,” said the farmer. “You’ll do for a start.” He grabbed the heron, put it in a bag, and carried it home, where he hung it up while he told his wife what had happened. “I’m surprised at you, ” said the wife. “The bird does you a kindness, rids you of the evil in your belly, saves your life in fact, yet you catch it and talk of killing it. She immediately released the heron, and it flew away. But on its way, it gouged out her eyes. Moral: When you see water flowing uphill, it means that someone is repaying a kindness. AFRICAN FOLK TALE<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1456924921100

 #48-laws-of-power #enemies #friends-learn #how #law-2-never #to #transgression-of-the-law #trust #use When you see water flowing uphill, it means that someone is repaying a kindness.

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he bird does you a kindness, rids you of the evil in your belly, saves your life in fact, yet you catch it and talk of killing it. She immediately released the heron, and it flew away. But on its way, it gouged out her eyes. Moral: <span>When you see water flowing uphill, it means that someone is repaying a kindness. AFRICAN FOLK TALE<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1456929377548

 Interpretation #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #transgression-of-the-law Michael III staked his future on the sense of gratitude he thought Basilius must feel for him. Surely Basilius would serve him best; he owed the emperor his wealth, his education, and his position. Then, once Basilius was in power, anything he needed it was best to give to him, strengthening the bonds between the two men. It was only on the fateful day when the emperor saw that impudent smile on Basilius’s face that he realized his deadly mistake. He had created a monster. He had allowed a man to see power up close—a man who then wanted more, who asked for anything and got it, who felt encumbered by the charity he had received and simply did what many people do in such a situation: They forget the favors they have received and imagine they have earned their success by their own merits. At Michael’s moment of realization, he could still have saved his own life, but friendship and love blind every man to their interests. Nobody believes a friend can betray. And Michael went on disbelieving until the day his head ended up on a pike. Lord, protect me from my friends; I can take care of my enemies. Voltaire, 1694-1778

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#### Annotation 1456931736844

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #transgression-of-the-law Michael III staked his future on the sense of gratitude he thought Basilius must feel for him. Surely Basilius would serve him best; he owed the emperor his wealth, his education, and his position. Then, once Basilius was in power, anything he needed it was best to give to him, strengthening the bonds between the two men. It was only on the fateful day when the emperor saw that impudent smile on Basilius’s face that he realized his deadly mistake.

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Michael III staked his future on the sense of gratitude he thought Basilius must feel for him. Surely Basilius would serve him best; he owed the emperor his wealth, his education, and his position. Then, once Basilius was in power, anything he needed it was best to give to him, strengthening the bonds between the two men. It was only on the fateful day when the emperor saw that impudent smile on Basilius’s face that he realized his deadly mistake. He had created a monster. He had allowed a man to see power up close—a man who then wanted more, who asked for anything and got it, who felt encumbered by the charity he h

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#### Annotation 1456933309708

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #transgression-of-the-law He had created a monster. He had allowed a man to see power up close—a man who then wanted more, who asked for anything and got it, who felt encumbered by the charity he had received and simply did what many people do in such a situation: They forget the favors they have received and imagine they have earned their success by their own merits.

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n power, anything he needed it was best to give to him, strengthening the bonds between the two men. It was only on the fateful day when the emperor saw that impudent smile on Basilius’s face that he realized his deadly mistake. <span>He had created a monster. He had allowed a man to see power up close—a man who then wanted more, who asked for anything and got it, who felt encumbered by the charity he had received and simply did what many people do in such a situation: They forget the favors they have received and imagine they have earned their success by their own merits. At Michael’s moment of realization, he could still have saved his own life, but friendship and love blind every man to their interests. Nobody believes a friend can betra

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#### Annotation 1456934882572

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #transgression-of-the-law friendship and love blind every man to their interests. Nobody believes a friend can betray.

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what many people do in such a situation: They forget the favors they have received and imagine they have earned their success by their own merits. At Michael’s moment of realization, he could still have saved his own life, but <span>friendship and love blind every man to their interests. Nobody believes a friend can betray. And Michael went on disbelieving until the day his head ended up on a pike. Lord, protect me from my friends; I can take care of my enemies. Voltaire, 1694-1778<span><body></ht

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#### Annotation 1456936455436

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #transgression-of-the-law Lord, protect me from my friends; I can take care of my enemies. Voltaire, 1694-1778

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hael’s moment of realization, he could still have saved his own life, but friendship and love blind every man to their interests. Nobody believes a friend can betray. And Michael went on disbelieving until the day his head ended up on a pike. <span>Lord, protect me from my friends; I can take care of my enemies. Voltaire, 1694-1778<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1456938814732

 OBSERVANCE OF THE LAW #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law For centuries in China army men would plot to kill a weak emperor, then would replace him with a strong general. The general, to ensure his own survival he would kill off his fellow generals. After some years, new generals would rise up and assassinate him. To be emperor of China was to be alone, surrounded by a pack of enemies. General Chao K’uang-yin became Emperor. He knew the probability that soon he would be murdered. To break the pattern, he ordered a banquet to celebrate his triumph, and invited the most powerful commanders in the army. After drinking a lot, he talked alone to them, who thought they were going to get murdered. Instead of killing them, he ask them if someone wanted to dethrone him. Drunk and fearing for their lives, the generals proclaimed their innocence and their loyalty. But Sung offered them: "give up your commands, and I will give you houses, riches and bitches." The next day, all of the generals tendered their resignations, and they retired as nobles to the estates. In one stroke, Sung turned a pack of “friendly” wolves, who would likely have betrayed him, into a group of docile lambs, far from all power. Over the next few years Sung continued his campaign to secure his rule. In A.D. 971, King Liu of the Southern Han finally surrendered to him after years of rebellion. To Liu’s astonishment, Sung gave him a rank in the imperial court. Liu thought he was going to get poisoned. He said he didnt deserved death, then, Emperor Sung swallowed it himself. There was no poison. From then on Liu became his most trusted and loyal friend. When Ch‘ien Shu, the king of one of little kingdom, was defeated, Sung’s ministers advised the emperor to lock him up. They presented documents proving that he was still conspiring to kill Sung. When Ch’ien Shu came to visit the emperor, however, instead of locking him up, Sung honored him. He also gave him a package, which he told the former king to open when he was halfway home. Ch’ien Shu opened the bundle on his return journey and saw that it contained all the papers documenting his conspiracy. He realized that Sung knew of his murderous plans, yet had spared him nonetheless. This generosity won him over, and he too became one of Sung’s most loyal vassals.

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#### Annotation 1456943009036

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law There are many who think therefore that a wise prince ought, when he has the chance, to foment astutely some enmity, so that by suppressing it he will augment his greatness. Princes, and especially new ones, have found more faith and more usefulness in those men, whom at the beginning of their power they regarded with suspicion, than in those they at first confided in. Pandolfo Petrucci, prince of Siena, governed his state more by those whom he suspected than by others. NICCOLÒ MACHIAVELLI, 1469-1527

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d that instead of a life of anxiety and struggle Sung was offering them riches and security. The next day, all of the generals tendered their resignations, and they retired as nobles to the estates that Sung bestowed on them. <span>There are many who think therefore that a wise prince ought, when he has the chance, to foment astutely some enmity, so that by suppressing it he will augment his greatness. Princes, and especially new ones, have found more faith and more usefulness in those men, whom at the beginning of their power they regarded with suspicion, than in those they at first confided in. Pandolfo Petrucci, prince of Siena, governed his state more by those whom he suspected than by others.<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1456950349068

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law In one stroke, Sung turned a pack of “friendly” wolves, who would likely have betrayed him, into a group of docile lambs, far from all power.

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In one stroke, Sung turned a pack of “friendly” wolves, who would likely have betrayed him, into a group of docile lambs, far from all power. Over the next few years Sung continued his campaign to secure his rule. In A.D. 971, King Liu of the Southern Han finally surrendered to him after years of rebellion. To

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#### Annotation 1456954281228

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law A brahman, a great expert in Veda who has become a great archer as well, offers his services to his good friend, who is now the king. The brahman cries out when he sees the king, “Recognize me, your friend!” The king answers him with contempt and then explains: “Yes, we were friends before, but our friendship was based on what power we had.... I was friends with you, good brahman, because it served my purpose. No pauper is friend to the rich, no fool to the wise, no coward to the brave. An old friend—who needs him? It is two men of equal wealth and equal birth who contract friendship and marriage, not a rich man and a pauper.... An old friend—who needs him? THE MAHABHARATA, C. THIRD CENTURY B.C.

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contained all the papers documenting his conspiracy. He realized that Sung knew of his murderous plans, yet had spared him nonetheless. This generosity won him over, and he too became one of Sung’s most loyal vassals. <span>A brahman, a great expert in Veda who has become a great archer as well, offers his services to his good friend, who is now the king. The brahman cries out when he sees the king, “Recognize me, your friend!” The king answers him with contempt and then explains: “Yes, we were friends before, but our friendship was based on what power we had.... I was friends with you, good brahman, because it served my purpose. No pauper is friend to the rich, no fool to the wise, no coward to the brave. An old friend—who needs him? It is two men of equal wealth and equal birth who contract friendship and marriage, not a rich man and a pauper.... An old friend—who needs him? THE MAHABHARATA, C. THIRD CENTURY B.C. <span><body><html>

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 Interpretation of the second law observance #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law A Chinese proverb compares friends to the jaws and teeth of a dangerous animal: If you are not careful, you will find them chewing you up. Emperor Sung knew the jaws he was passing between when he assumed the throne: His “friends” in the army would chew him up like meat, and if he somehow survived, his “friends” in the government would have him for supper. Emperor Sung would have no truck with “friends”—he bribed his fellow generals with splendid estates and kept them far away. This was a much better way to emasculate them than killing them, which would only have led other generals to seek vengeance. And Sung would have nothing to do with “friendly” ministers. More often than not, they would end up drinking his famous cup of poisoned wine. Instead of relying on friends, Sung used his enemies, one after the other, transforming them into far more reliable subjects. While a friend expects more and more favors, and seethes with jealousy, these former enemies expected nothing and got everything. A man suddenly spared the guillotine is a grateful man indeed, and will go to the ends of the earth for the man who has pardoned him. In time, these former enemies became Sung’s most trusted friends. Pick up a bee from kindness, and learn the limitations of kindness. SUFI PROVERB And Sung was finally able to break the pattern of coups, violence, and civil war—the Sung Dynasty ruled China for more than three hundred years. In a speech Abraham Lincoln delivered at the height of the Civil War, he referred to the Southerners as fellow human beings who were in error. An elderly lady chastised him for not calling them irreconcilable enemies who must be destroyed. “Why, madam,” Lincoln replied, “do I not destroy my enemies when I make them my friends?”

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 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law A Chinese proverb compares friends to the jaws and teeth of a dangerous animal: If you are not careful, you will find them chewing you up

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A Chinese proverb compares friends to the jaws and teeth of a dangerous animal: If you are not careful, you will find them chewing you up. Emperor Sung knew the jaws he was passing between when he assumed the throne: His “friends” in the army would chew him up like meat, and if he somehow survived, his “friends” in the go

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#### Annotation 1456960048396

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law Emperor Sung knew the jaws he was passing between when he assumed the throne: His “friends” in the army would chew him up like meat, and if he somehow survived, his “friends” in the government would have him for supper.

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A Chinese proverb compares friends to the jaws and teeth of a dangerous animal: If you are not careful, you will find them chewing you up. Emperor Sung knew the jaws he was passing between when he assumed the throne: His “friends” in the army would chew him up like meat, and if he somehow survived, his “friends” in the government would have him for supper. Emperor Sung would have no truck with “friends”—he bribed his fellow generals with splendid estates and kept them far away. This was a much better way to emasculate them than killing th

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#### Annotation 1456961621260

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law Emperor Sung would have no truck with “friends”—he bribed his fellow generals with splendid estates and kept them far away. This was a much better way to emasculate them than killing them, which would only have led other generals to seek vengeance.

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d them chewing you up. Emperor Sung knew the jaws he was passing between when he assumed the throne: His “friends” in the army would chew him up like meat, and if he somehow survived, his “friends” in the government would have him for supper. <span>Emperor Sung would have no truck with “friends”—he bribed his fellow generals with splendid estates and kept them far away. This was a much better way to emasculate them than killing them, which would only have led other generals to seek vengeance. And Sung would have nothing to do with “friendly” ministers. More often than not, they would end up drinking his famous cup of poisoned wine. Instead of relying on friends,

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#### Annotation 1456963194124

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law nstead of relying on friends, Sung used his enemies, one after the other, transforming them into far more reliable subjects

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te them than killing them, which would only have led other generals to seek vengeance. And Sung would have nothing to do with “friendly” ministers. More often than not, they would end up drinking his famous cup of poisoned wine. I<span>nstead of relying on friends, Sung used his enemies, one after the other, transforming them into far more reliable subjects. While a friend expects more and more favors, and seethes with jealousy, these former enemies expected nothing and got everything. A man suddenly spared the guillotine is a grateful man

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#### Annotation 1456964766988

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law While a friend expects more and more favors, former enemies expect nothing.

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“friendly” ministers. More often than not, they would end up drinking his famous cup of poisoned wine. Instead of relying on friends, Sung used his enemies, one after the other, transforming them into far more reliable subjects. <span>While a friend expects more and more favors, and seethes with jealousy, these former enemies expected nothing and got everything. A man suddenly spared the guillotine is a grateful man indeed, and will go to the ends of the earth for the man who has pardoned him. In time, these former enemies became Sung’s most tr

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#### Annotation 1456967126284

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law A man suddenly spared the guillotine is a grateful man indeed, and will go to the ends of the earth for the man who has pardoned him.

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lying on friends, Sung used his enemies, one after the other, transforming them into far more reliable subjects. While a friend expects more and more favors, and seethes with jealousy, these former enemies expected nothing and got everything. <span>A man suddenly spared the guillotine is a grateful man indeed, and will go to the ends of the earth for the man who has pardoned him. In time, these former enemies became Sung’s most trusted friends. Pick up a bee from kindness, and learn the limitations of kindness. SUFI PROVERB And Sung was finally able to break the

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#### Annotation 1456968699148

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law Pick up a bee from kindness, and learn the limitations of kindness.

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emies expected nothing and got everything. A man suddenly spared the guillotine is a grateful man indeed, and will go to the ends of the earth for the man who has pardoned him. In time, these former enemies became Sung’s most trusted friends. <span>Pick up a bee from kindness, and learn the limitations of kindness. SUFI PROVERB And Sung was finally able to break the pattern of coups, violence, and civil war—the Sung Dynasty ruled China for more than three hundred years. In a speech Abra

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#### Annotation 1456970272012

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law Sung was finally able to break the pattern of coups, violence, and civil war—the Sung Dynasty ruled China for more than three hundred years.

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grateful man indeed, and will go to the ends of the earth for the man who has pardoned him. In time, these former enemies became Sung’s most trusted friends. Pick up a bee from kindness, and learn the limitations of kindness. SUFI PROVERB And <span>Sung was finally able to break the pattern of coups, violence, and civil war—the Sung Dynasty ruled China for more than three hundred years. In a speech Abraham Lincoln delivered at the height of the Civil War, he referred to the Southerners as fellow human beings who were in error. An elderly lady chastised him f

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#### Annotation 1456971844876

 #48-laws-of-power #interpretation #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #observance-of-the-law In a speech Abraham Lincoln delivered at the height of the Civil War, he referred to the Southerners as fellow human beings who were in error. An elderly lady chastised him for not calling them irreconcilable enemies who must be destroyed. “Why, madam,” Lincoln replied, “do I not destroy my enemies when I make them my friends?”

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ends. Pick up a bee from kindness, and learn the limitations of kindness. SUFI PROVERB And Sung was finally able to break the pattern of coups, violence, and civil war—the Sung Dynasty ruled China for more than three hundred years. <span>In a speech Abraham Lincoln delivered at the height of the Civil War, he referred to the Southerners as fellow human beings who were in error. An elderly lady chastised him for not calling them irreconcilable enemies who must be destroyed. “Why, madam,” Lincoln replied, “do I not destroy my enemies when I make them my friends?”<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1456978398476

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies It is natural to want to employ your friends when you find yourself in times of need. The world is a harsh place, and your friends soften the harshness. Besides, you know them. Why depend on a stranger when you have a friend at hand?

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It is natural to want to employ your friends when you find yourself in times of need. The world is a harsh place, and your friends soften the harshness. Besides, you know them. Why depend on a stranger when you have a friend at hand? Men are more ready to repay an injury than a benefit, because gratitude is a burden and revenge a pleasure. TACITUS, c. A.D. 55-120 The problem is that

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#### Annotation 1456979971340

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Men are more ready to repay an injury than a benefit, because gratitude is a burden and revenge a pleasure. TACITUS, c. A.D. 55-120

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is natural to want to employ your friends when you find yourself in times of need. The world is a harsh place, and your friends soften the harshness. Besides, you know them. Why depend on a stranger when you have a friend at hand? <span>Men are more ready to repay an injury than a benefit, because gratitude is a burden and revenge a pleasure. TACITUS, c. A.D. 55-120 The problem is that you often do not know your friends as well as you imagine. Friends often agree on things in order to avoid an argument. They cover up their unpleasant qua

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#### Annotation 1456981544204

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Friends often agree on things in order to avoid an argument. They cover up their unpleasant qualities so as to not offend each other.

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13; Men are more ready to repay an injury than a benefit, because gratitude is a burden and revenge a pleasure. TACITUS, c. A.D. 55-120 The problem is that you often do not know your friends as well as you imagine. <span>Friends often agree on things in order to avoid an argument. They cover up their unpleasant qualities so as to not offend each other. They laugh extra hard at each other’s jokes. Since honesty rarely strengthens friendship, you may never know how a friend truly feels. Friends will say that they love your poetry, adore

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#### Annotation 1456983117068

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies When you decide to hire a friend, you gradually discover the qualities he or she has kept hidden. Strangely enough, it is your act of kindness that unbalances everything. People want to feel they deserve their good fortune.

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her’s jokes. Since honesty rarely strengthens friendship, you may never know how a friend truly feels. Friends will say that they love your poetry, adore your music, envy your taste in clothes—maybe they mean it, often they do not. <span>When you decide to hire a friend, you gradually discover the qualities he or she has kept hidden. Strangely enough, it is your act of kindness that unbalances everything. People want to feel they deserve their good fortune. The receipt of a favor can become oppressive: It means you have been chosen because you are a friend, not necessarily because you are deserving. There is almost a touch of condescension

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#### Annotation 1456984689932

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies The receipt of a favor can become oppressive: It means you have been chosen because you are a friend, not necessarily because you are deserving.

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do not. When you decide to hire a friend, you gradually discover the qualities he or she has kept hidden. Strangely enough, it is your act of kindness that unbalances everything. People want to feel they deserve their good fortune. <span>The receipt of a favor can become oppressive: It means you have been chosen because you are a friend, not necessarily because you are deserving. There is almost a touch of condescension in the act of hiring friends that secretly afflicts them. The injury will come out slowly: A little more honesty, flashes of resentment and envy

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#### Annotation 1456986262796

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies There is almost a touch of condescension in the act of hiring friends that secretly afflicts them.

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act of kindness that unbalances everything. People want to feel they deserve their good fortune. The receipt of a favor can become oppressive: It means you have been chosen because you are a friend, not necessarily because you are deserving. <span>There is almost a touch of condescension in the act of hiring friends that secretly afflicts them. The injury will come out slowly: A little more honesty, flashes of resentment and envy here and there, and before you know it your friendship fades. The more favors and gifts you supply

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#### Annotation 1456987835660

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies The injury will come out slowly: A little more honesty, flashes of resentment and envy here and there, and before you know it your friendship fades. The more favors and gifts you supply to revive the friendship, the less gratitude you receive.

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he receipt of a favor can become oppressive: It means you have been chosen because you are a friend, not necessarily because you are deserving. There is almost a touch of condescension in the act of hiring friends that secretly afflicts them. <span>The injury will come out slowly: A little more honesty, flashes of resentment and envy here and there, and before you know it your friendship fades. The more favors and gifts you supply to revive the friendship, the less gratitude you receive. Ingratitude has a long and deep history. It has demonstrated its powers for so many centuries, that it is truly amazing that people continue to underestimate them. Better to

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#### Annotation 1456989408524

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Ingratitude has a long and deep history. It has demonstrated its powers for so many centuries, that it is truly amazing that people continue to underestimate them. Better to be wary. If you never expect gratitude from a friend, you will be pleasantly surprised when they do prove grateful.

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ill come out slowly: A little more honesty, flashes of resentment and envy here and there, and before you know it your friendship fades. The more favors and gifts you supply to revive the friendship, the less gratitude you receive. <span>Ingratitude has a long and deep history. It has demonstrated its powers for so many centuries, that it is truly amazing that people continue to underestimate them. Better to be wary. If you never expect gratitude from a friend, you will be pleasantly surprised when they do prove grateful. The problem with using or hiring friends is that it will inevitably limit your power. The friend is rarely the one who is most able to help you; and in the end, skill and com

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#### Annotation 1456990981388

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies The problem with using or hiring friends is that it will inevitably limit your power. The friend is rarely the one who is most able to help you; and in the end, skill and competence are far more important than friendly feelings.

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ed its powers for so many centuries, that it is truly amazing that people continue to underestimate them. Better to be wary. If you never expect gratitude from a friend, you will be pleasantly surprised when they do prove grateful. <span>The problem with using or hiring friends is that it will inevitably limit your power. The friend is rarely the one who is most able to help you; and in the end, skill and competence are far more important than friendly feelings. (Michael III had a man right under his nose who would have steered him right and kept him alive: That man was Bardas.) PROFITING BY OUR ENEMIES King Hiero chanced

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#### Annotation 1456992554252

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Michael III had a man right under his nose who would have steered him right and kept him alive: That man was Bardas.

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. The problem with using or hiring friends is that it will inevitably limit your power. The friend is rarely the one who is most able to help you; and in the end, skill and competence are far more important than friendly feelings. (<span>Michael III had a man right under his nose who would have steered him right and kept him alive: That man was Bardas.) PROFITING BY OUR ENEMIES King Hiero chanced upon a time, speaking with one of his enemies, to be told in a reproachful manner that he had stinking breath. Whereup

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#### Annotation 1456994127116

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies All working situations require a kind of distance between people. You are trying to work, not make friends; friendliness (real or false) only obscures that fact.

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melled so.” Thus it is plain that faults that are evident to the senses, gross and corporal, or otherwise notorious to the world, we know by our enemies sooner than by our friends and familiars. PLUTARCH, C. A.D. 46-120 <span>All working situations require a kind of distance between people. You are trying to work, not make friends; friendliness (real or false) only obscures that fact. The key to power, then, is the ability to judge who is best able to further your interests in all situations. Keep friends for friendship, but work with the skilled and competent.

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#### Annotation 1456995699980

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies The key to power, then, is the ability to judge who is best able to further your interests in all situations. Keep friends for friendship, but work with the skilled and competent.

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an by our friends and familiars. PLUTARCH, C. A.D. 46-120 All working situations require a kind of distance between people. You are trying to work, not make friends; friendliness (real or false) only obscures that fact. <span>The key to power, then, is the ability to judge who is best able to further your interests in all situations. Keep friends for friendship, but work with the skilled and competent. Your enemies, on the other hand, are an untapped gold mine that you must learn to exploit. When Talleyrand, Napoleon’s foreign minister, decided in 1807 that his boss was lea

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#### Annotation 1456997272844

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Enemies, are an untapped gold mine that you must learn to exploit. When Talleyrand, Napoleon’s foreign minister, decided the time had come to turn against him, he understood the dangers of conspiring against the emperor; he needed a partner, a confederate—what friend could he trust in such a project? He chose Joseph Fouché, head of the secret police, his most hated enemy, a man who had even tried to have him assassinated. He knew that Fouché would expect nothing from him, and in fact would work to prove that he was worthy of Talleyrand’s choice; a person who has something to prove will move mountains for you. He knew that their relationship would be based on mutual self-interest. And from then on, Talleyrand and Fouché had a fruitful working relationship. Whenever you can, bury the hatchet with an enemy, and make a point of putting him in your service.

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#### Annotation 1456999632140

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Whenever you can, bury the hatchet with an enemy, and make a point of putting him in your service.

#### Parent (intermediate) annotation

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n who has something to prove will move mountains for you. He knew that their relationship would be based on mutual self-interest. And from then on, Talleyrand and Fouché had a fruitful working relationship. <span>Whenever you can, bury the hatchet with an enemy, and make a point of putting him in your service .<span><body><html>

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457001205004

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies As Lincoln said, you destroy an enemy when you make a friend of him.

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ause; opposition to the emperor slowly began to spread. And from then on, Talleyrand and Fouché had a fruitful working relationship. Whenever you can, bury the hatchet with an enemy, and make a point of putting him in your service. <span>As Lincoln said, you destroy an enemy when you make a friend of him. In 1971, during the Vietnam War, Henry Kissinger was the target of an unsuccessful kidnapping attempt, a conspiracy involving, among others, the renowned antiwar activist priests the Be

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457002777868

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies During the Vietnam War, Henry Kissinger was the target of an unsuccessful kidnapping attempt, a conspiracy involving, among others, the renowned antiwar activist priests. In private, Kissinger arranged a meeting with three of the alleged kidnappers. Explaining to his guests that he would have most American soldiers out of Vietnam by mid-1972, he completely charmed them. They gave him some “Kidnap Kissinger” buttons and one of them remained a friend of his for years, visiting him on several occasions. This was not just a onetime ploy: Kissinger made a policy of working with those who disagreed with him. Colleagues commented that he seemed to get along better with his enemies than with his friends.

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on, Talleyrand and Fouché had a fruitful working relationship. Whenever you can, bury the hatchet with an enemy, and make a point of putting him in your service. As Lincoln said, you destroy an enemy when you make a friend of him. <span>In 1971, during the Vietnam War, Henry Kissinger was the target of an unsuccessful kidnapping attempt, a conspiracy involving, among others, the renowned antiwar activist priests the Berrigan brothers, four more Catholic priests, and four nuns. In private, without informing the Secret Service or the Justice Department, Kissinger arranged a Saturday-morning meeting with three of the alleged kidnappers. Explaining to his guests that he would have most American soldiers out of Vietnam by mid-1972, he completely charmed them. They gave him some “Kidnap Kissinger” buttons and one of them remained a friend of his for years, visiting him on several occasions. This was not just a onetime ploy: Kissinger made a policy of working with those who disagreed with him. Colleagues commented that he seemed to get along better with his enemies than with his friends. Without enemies around us, we grow lazy. An enemy at our heels sharpens our wits, keeping us focused and alert. It is sometimes better, then, to use enemies as enemies rather

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457005923596

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Without enemies around us, we grow lazy. An enemy at our heels sharpens our wits, keeping us focused and alert. It is sometimes better, then, to use enemies as enemies rather than transforming them into friends or allies.

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iting him on several occasions. This was not just a onetime ploy: Kissinger made a policy of working with those who disagreed with him. Colleagues commented that he seemed to get along better with his enemies than with his friends. <span>Without enemies around us, we grow lazy. An enemy at our heels sharpens our wits, keeping us focused and alert. It is sometimes better, then, to use enemies as enemies rather than transforming them into friends or allies. Mao Tse-tung saw conflict as key in his approach to power. In 1937 the Japanese invaded China, interrupting the civil war between Mao’s Communists and their enemy, the Nation

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Flashcard 1457007496460

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies
Question
Without enemies around us, [...].
we grow lazy

status measured difficulty not learned 37% [default] 0

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Without enemies around us, we grow lazy. An enemy at our heels sharpens our wits, keeping us focused and alert. It is sometimes better, then, to use enemies as enemies rather than transforming them into friends or allies.</sp

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457009855756

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Mao Tse-tung saw conflict as key in his approach to power. In 1937 the Japanese invaded China, interrupting the civil war between Mao’s Communists and their enemy, the Nationalists. Some Communist leaders advocated leaving the Nationalists to fight the Japanese and recuperate meanwhile. Mao disagreed: The Japanese would eventually be defeated and if they didnt fight they would rust. To fight would be the perfect training for the Communist army. Mao’s plan was adopted, and it worked. Years later, a Japanese visitor tried to apologize to Mao for his country’s invasion of China. Mao interrupted, “Should I not thank you instead?” Without a worthy opponent, he explained, a man or group cannot grow stronger.

Open it

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#### Annotation 1457011690764

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Mao’s strategy of constant conflict has several key components: First, be certain that in the long run you will emerge victorious. Never pick a fight with someone you are not sure you can defeat, as Mao knew the Japanese would be defeated in time. Second, if you have no apparent enemies, you must sometimes set up a convenient target, even turning a friend into an enemy. Mao used this tactic time and again in politics. Third, use such enemies to define your cause more clearly to the public, even framing it as a struggle of good against evil. Mao actually encouraged China’s disagreements with the Soviet Union and the United States; without clear-cut enemies, he believed, his people would lose any sense of what Chinese Communism meant. A sharply defined enemy is a far stronger argument for your side than all the words you could possibly put together.

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; Years later, a Japanese visitor tried to apologize to Mao for his country’s invasion of China. Mao interrupted, “Should I not thank you instead?” Without a worthy opponent, he explained, a man or group cannot grow stronger. <span>Mao’s strategy of constant conflict has several key components: First, be certain that in the long run you will emerge victorious. Never pick a fight with someone you are not sure you can defeat, as Mao knew the Japanese would be defeated in time. Second, if you have no apparent enemies, you must sometimes set up a convenient target, even turning a friend into an enemy. Mao used this tactic time and again in politics. Third, use such enemies to define your cause more clearly to the public, even framing it as a struggle of good against evil. Mao actually encouraged China’s disagreements with the Soviet Union and the United States; without clear-cut enemies, he believed, his people would lose any sense of what Chinese Communism meant. A sharply defined enemy is a far stronger argument for your side than all the words you could possibly put together. Never let the presence of enemies upset or distress you—you are far better off with a declared opponent or two than not knowing where your real enemies lie. The man of power

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457014050060

 #48-laws-of-power #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Never let the presence of enemies upset or distress you—you are far better off with a declared opponent or two than not knowing where your real enemies lie. The man of power welcomes conflict, using enemies to enhance his reputation as a surefooted fighter who can be relied upon in times of uncertainty.

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; Years later, a Japanese visitor tried to apologize to Mao for his country’s invasion of China. Mao interrupted, “Should I not thank you instead?” Without a worthy opponent, he explained, a man or group cannot grow stronger. <span>Never let the presence of enemies upset or distress you—you are far better off with a declared opponent or two than not knowing where your real enemies lie. The man of power welcomes conflict, using enemies to enhance his reputation as a surefooted fighter who can be relied upon in times of uncertainty.<span><body><html>

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457016933644

 Image: The Jaws of ingratitude. #48-laws-of-power #image #keys-to-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies Knowing what would happen if you put a finger in the mouth of a lion, you would stay clear of it. With friends you will have no such caution, and if you hire them, they will eat you alive with ingratitude. Authority: Know how to use enemies for your own profit. You must learn to grab a sword not by its blade, which would cut you, but by the handle, which allows you to defend yourself. The wise man profits more from his enemies, than a fool from his friends. (Baltasar Gracián, 1601-1658)

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r off with a declared opponent or two than not knowing where your real enemies lie. The man of power welcomes conflict, using enemies to enhance his reputation as a surefooted fighter who can be relied upon in times of uncertainty. <span>Image: The Jaws of ingratitude. Knowing what would happen if you put a finger in the mouth of a lion, you would stay clear of it. With friends you will have no such caution, and if you hire them, they will eat you alive with ingratitude. Authority: Know how to use enemies for your own profit. You must learn to grab a sword not by its blade, which would cut you, but by the handle, which allows you to defend yourself. The wise man profits more from his enemies, than a fool from his friends. (Baltasar Gracián, 1601-1658)<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1457019292940

 REVERSAL #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #reversal Although it is generally best not to mix work with friendship, there are times when a friend can be used to greater effect than an enemy. A man of power, for example, often has dirty work that has to be done, but for the sake of appearances it is generally preferable to have other people do it for him; friends often do this the best, since their affection for him makes them willing to take chances. Also, if your plans go awry for some reason, you can use a friend as a convenient scapegoat. This “fall of the favorite” was a trick often used by kings and sovereigns: They would let their closest friend at court take the fall for a mistake, since the public would not believe that they would deliberately sacrifice a friend for such a purpose. Of course, after you play that card, you have lost your friend forever. It is best, then, to reserve the scapegoat role for someone who is close to you but not too close. Finally, the problem about working with friends is that it confuses the boundaries and distances that working requires. But if both partners in the arrangement understand the dangers involved, a friend often can be employed to great effect. You must never let your guard down in such a venture, however; always be on the lookout for any signs of emotional disturbance such as envy and ingratitude. Nothing is stable in the realm of power, and even the closest of friends can be transformed into the worst of enemies.

#### pdf

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#### Annotation 1457021652236

 Use for friends #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #reversal A man of power, often has dirty work that has to be done, but for the sake of appearances it is generally preferable to have other people do it for him; friends often do this the best, since their affection for him makes them willing to take chances.

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Although it is generally best not to mix work with friendship, there are times when a friend can be used to greater effect than an enemy. A man of power, for example, often has dirty work that has to be done, but for the sake of appearances it is generally preferable to have other people do it for him; friends often do this the best, since their affection for him makes them willing to take chances. Also, if your plans go awry for some reason, you can use a friend as a convenient scapegoat. This “fall of the favorite” was a trick often used by kings and sovereigns: They would let t

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457023225100

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #reversal If your plans go awry for some reason, you can use a friend as a convenient scapegoat. This “fall of the favorite” was a trick often used by kings and sovereigns: They would let their closest friend at court take the fall for a mistake, since the public would not believe that they would deliberately sacrifice a friend for such a purpose. Of course, after you play that card, you have lost your friend forever. It is best, then, to reserve the scapegoat role for someone who is close to you but not too close.

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xample, often has dirty work that has to be done, but for the sake of appearances it is generally preferable to have other people do it for him; friends often do this the best, since their affection for him makes them willing to take chances. <span>Also, if your plans go awry for some reason, you can use a friend as a convenient scapegoat. This “fall of the favorite” was a trick often used by kings and sovereigns: They would let their closest friend at court take the fall for a mistake, since the public would not believe that they would deliberately sacrifice a friend for such a purpose. Of course, after you play that card, you have lost your friend forever. It is best, then, to reserve the scapegoat role for someone who is close to you but not too close. Finally, the problem about working with friends is that it confuses the boundaries and distances that working requires. But if both partners in the arrangement understand the

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457025584396

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #reversal Finally, the problem about working with friends is that it confuses the boundaries and distances that working requires.

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ey would deliberately sacrifice a friend for such a purpose. Of course, after you play that card, you have lost your friend forever. It is best, then, to reserve the scapegoat role for someone who is close to you but not too close. <span>Finally, the problem about working with friends is that it confuses the boundaries and distances that working requires. But if both partners in the arrangement understand the dangers involved, a friend often can be employed to great effect. You must never let your guard down in such a venture, however; a

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Annotation 1457027157260

 #48-laws-of-power #law-2-never-trust-friends-learn-how-to-use-enemies #reversal Finally, the problem about working with friends is that it confuses the boundaries and distances that working requires. But if both partners in the arrangement understand the dangers involved, a friend often can be employed to great effect. You must never let your guard down in such a venture, however; always be on the lookout for any signs of emotional disturbance such as envy and ingratitude. Nothing is stable in the realm of power, and even the closest of friends can be transformed into the worst of enemies.

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Open it
ey would deliberately sacrifice a friend for such a purpose. Of course, after you play that card, you have lost your friend forever. It is best, then, to reserve the scapegoat role for someone who is close to you but not too close. <span>Finally, the problem about working with friends is that it confuses the boundaries and distances that working requires. But if both partners in the arrangement understand the dangers involved, a friend often can be employed to great effect. You must never let your guard down in such a venture, however; always be on the lookout for any signs of emotional disturbance such as envy and ingratitude. Nothing is stable in the realm of power, and even the closest of friends can be transformed into the worst of enemies.<span><body><html>

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#### Annotation 1457028730124

 JUDGMENT #48-laws-of-power #law-3-conceal-your-intentions Keep people off-balance and in the dark by never revealing the purpose behind your actions. If they have no clue what you are up to, they cannot prepare a defense. Guide them far enough down the wrong path, envelop them in enough smoke, and by the time they realize your intentions, it will be too late.

#### pdf

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#### Flashcard 1457029778700

Tags
#48-laws-of-power
Question
LAW 3 [...]

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LAW 3 CONCEAL YOUR INTENTIONS JUDGMENT Keep people off-balance and in the dark by never revealing the purpose behind your actions. If they have no clue what you are up to, they cannot prepare a defense. Guide them f

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#### Flashcard 1457033448716

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #law-3-conceal-your-intentions
Question
Keep people off-balance and in the dark by [...].
never revealing the purpose behind your actions

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Keep people off-balance and in the dark by never revealing the purpose behind your actions. If they have no clue what you are up to, they cannot prepare a defense. Guide them far enough down the wrong path, envelop them in enough smoke, and by the time they realize your inten

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Flashcard 1457035808012

Tags
#48-laws-of-power #law-3-conceal-your-intentions
Question
If people have no clue what you are up to, they [...].
cannot prepare a defense

Guide them down the wrong path, envelop them in smoke, and when they realize your intentions, it will be too late.

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Keep people off-balance and in the dark by never revealing the purpose behind your actions. If they have no clue what you are up to, they cannot prepare a defense. Guide them far enough down the wrong path, envelop them in enough smoke, and by the time they realize your intentions, it will be too late.

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Flashcard 1457038167308

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
The segment of code, type="l" (that’s a letter “ l” not a numeral “1”) tells R to [...]
plot connecting lines between the points, with no distinctive symbols marking the points.

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The segment of code, type="l" (that’s a letter “ l” not a numeral “1”) tells R to plot connecting lines between the points, with no distinctive symbols marking the points.

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#### Flashcard 1457041313036

Tags
#biochem
Question
the [...] conformation is lower in energy and occurs more frequently
anti

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the anti conformation is lower in energy and occurs more frequently

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#### Flashcard 1457042885900

Tags
#biochem
Question
n the standard Watson-Crick model of DNA, all of the sugar groups have the [...] conformation.
C2ʹ endo

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n the standard Watson-Crick model of DNA, all of the sugar groups have the C2ʹ endo conformation.

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#### Flashcard 1457044458764

Tags
#biochem
Question
If the 2ʹ hydrogen were replaced by a hydroxyl group, as in the ribose ring of RNA, the two oxygen atoms would [...]
repel each other strongly.

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If the 2ʹ hydrogen were replaced by a hydroxyl group, as in the ribose ring of RNA, the two oxygen atoms would repel each other strongly.

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#### Flashcard 1457046031628

Tags
#biochem
Question
If the 2ʹ hydrogen were replaced by a [...], as in the ribose ring of RNA, the two oxygen atoms would repel each other strongly.
hydroxyl group

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If the 2ʹ hydrogen were replaced by a hydroxyl group, as in the ribose ring of RNA, the two oxygen atoms would repel each other strongly.

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#### Flashcard 1457047604492

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
To get a list of all sorts of online documentation, much of it written in readable prose instead of telegraphic lists, type [...]
help.start()

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To get a list of all sorts of online documentation, much of it written in readable prose instead of telegraphic lists, type help.start()

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#### Flashcard 1457049177356

Tags
#biochem
Question
Both [types of ions and examples] have been found to interact with various sites on nucleic acids. Th ese interactions may be through direct metal-ion coordination or they may be mediated by water molecules
monovalent (sodium and potas- sium) and divalent (particularly magnesium) ions

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Both monovalent (sodium and potas- sium) and divalent (particularly magnesium) ions have been found to interact with various sites on nucleic acids. Th ese interactions may be through direct metal-ion coordination or they may be mediated by water molecules

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#### Flashcard 1457051798796

Tags
#biochem
Question
Both monovalent (sodium and potas- sium) and divalent (particularly magnesium) ions have been found to interact with various sites on nucleic acids. Th ese interactions may be through [...] or they may be mediated by water molecules
direct metal-ion coordination

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Both monovalent (sodium and potas- sium) and divalent (particularly magnesium) ions have been found to interact with various sites on nucleic acids. Th ese interactions may be through direct metal-ion coordination or they may be mediated by water molecules

#### Original toplevel document (pdf)

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#### Flashcard 1457053371660

Tags
#biochem
Question
Both monovalent (sodium and potas- sium) and divalent (particularly magnesium) ions have been found to interact with various sites on nucleic acids. Th ese interactions may be through direct metal-ion coordination or they may be [...]
mediated by water molecules

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y>Both monovalent (sodium and potas- sium) and divalent (particularly magnesium) ions have been found to interact with various sites on nucleic acids. Th ese interactions may be through direct metal-ion coordination or they may be mediated by water molecules<body><html>

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#### Flashcard 1457055206668

Tags
#biochem
Question
What needs to happen wrt phosphates/backbone to minimize electrostatic repulsion in DNA/RNA?
Th e backbones (specifi cally the phosphates) need to be separated as far as possible and be exposed to solvent to minimize electrostatic repulsions.

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Th e backbones (specifi cally the phosphates) need to be separated as far as possible and be exposed to solvent to minimize electrostatic repulsions.

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#### Flashcard 1457057565964

Tags
#biochem
Question
Why can't the C2' sugar pucker be adopted by RNA as it is in DNA?
because of steric hindrance between the OH group on C2 ʹ and the phosphate group on C3ʹ

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In RNA, however, the C2ʹ endo sugar pucker cannot be adopted because of steric hindrance between the OH group on C2 ʹ and the phosphate group on C3ʹ

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#### Flashcard 1457059925260

Tags
#biochem
Question
What is one purpose of the wider major groove (what does it allow for?)
allows regulatory proteins or other molecules to gain access to nucleotide functional groups on the edges of the groove.

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Th e wider and more accessible major groove (Figure 2.11) allows regulatory proteins or other molecules to gain access to nucleotide functional groups on the edges of the groove.

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#### Flashcard 1457062284556

Tags
#biochem
Question
Are the patterns of recognition elements in the major groove unique or identifical for each base pair?
Th e patterns of recognition elements in the major groove are unique for each of the four base pairs (G-C, C-G, A-T, and T-A).

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Th e patterns of recognition elements in the major groove are unique for each of the four base pairs (G-C, C-G, A-T, and T-A).

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#### Flashcard 1457064643852

Tags
#biochem
Question
What base pairs are distuingishable in the minor groove?
In the minor groove, however, the pattern for G-C is indistinguishable from that for C-G, and the pattern for A-T is the same as that for T-A

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In the minor groove, however, the pattern for G-C is indistinguishable from that for C-G, and the pattern for A-T is the same as that for T-A

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#### Flashcard 1457067003148

Tags
#biochem
Question
What is one measure of DNA deformability?
One measure of deformability is how easily DNA can be bent

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One measure of deformability is how easily DNA can be bent. Th e stiff ness of DNA is characterized by its persistence length.

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#### Flashcard 1457069362444

Tags
#biochem
Question
What is one characterization of DNA stiffness?
Th e stiff ness of DNA is characterized by its persistence length.

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One measure of deformability is how easily DNA can be bent. Th e stiff ness of DNA is characterized by its persistence length.

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#### Flashcard 1457071721740

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#biochem
Question
Th e persistence length of B-form DNA is approximately [...]. Th is corresponds to 14 or 15 helical turns, or roughly 140–150 base pairs
500 Å

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Th e persistence length of B-form DNA is approximately 500 Å. Th is corresponds to 14 or 15 helical turns, or roughly 140–150 base pairs

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#### Flashcard 1457073294604

Tags
#biochem
Question
Th e persistence length of B-form DNA is approximately 500 Å. Th is corresponds to [...] helical turns, or roughly 140–150 base pairs
14 or 15

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Th e persistence length of B-form DNA is approximately 500 Å. Th is corresponds to 14 or 15 helical turns, or roughly 140–150 base pairs

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#### Flashcard 1457074867468

Tags
#biochem
Question
Th e persistence length of B-form DNA is approximately 500 Å. Th is corresponds to 14 or 15 helical turns, or roughly [...] base pairs
140–150

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Th e persistence length of B-form DNA is approximately 500 Å. Th is corresponds to 14 or 15 helical turns, or roughly 140–150 base pairs

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#### Flashcard 1457076440332

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
A matrix is simply [...]
a two-dimensional array of values of the same type.

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A matrix is simply a two-dimensional array of values of the same type.

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#### Flashcard 1457078013196

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
A matrix can be created in R using the [...] command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.
matrix

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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optional

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#### Flashcard 1457079586060

Tags
#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the [...], in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.
contents of the matrix

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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.</spa

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#### Flashcard 1457081158924

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the [...], the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.
size of the matrix

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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.

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#### Flashcard 1457082731788

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the [...], and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.
order in which the matrix should be filled

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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the names of the dimensions and rows and columns.

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#### Flashcard 1457084304652

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the [...]
names of the dimensions and rows and columns.

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pan>A matrix can be created in R using the matrix command. The first argument specifies the contents of the matrix, in order. Other arguments specify the size of the matrix, the order in which the matrix should be filled, and, optionally, the <span>names of the dimensions and rows and columns.<span><body><html>

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#### Flashcard 1457085877516

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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How is a dataframe like a matrix?
A data frame is much like a matrix, insofar as it has several columns of equal length

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A data frame is much like a matrix, insofar as it has several columns of equal length. But each column can be of a different type, and, in particular, columns can be factors. A data frameisreallyatypeof list in which each component is thought of as a named column of a ma

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#### Flashcard 1457088236812

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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How is a dataframe different from a matrix? (2 ways)
But each column can be of a different type, and, in particular, columns can be factors.

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A data frame is much like a matrix, insofar as it has several columns of equal length. But each column can be of a different type, and, in particular, columns can be factors. A data frameisreallyatypeof list in which each component is thought of as a named column of a matrix, with different columns possibly of different types. The elements of a data frame ca

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#### Flashcard 1457090858252

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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What is a dataframe?
A data frame is a type of list in which each component is thought of as a named column of a matrix, with different columns possibly of different types

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A data frame is much like a matrix, insofar as it has several columns of equal length. But each column can be of a different type, and, in particular, columns can be factors. A data frameisreallyatypeof list in which each component is thought of as a named column of a matrix, with different columns possibly of different types. The elements of a data frame can be accessed as if it were a list or as if it were a matrix.

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#### Flashcard 1457093741836

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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A data frame is much like a matrix, insofar as it has several columns of equal length. But each column can be of a different type, and, in particular, columns can be factors. A data frameisreallyatypeof list in which each component is thought of as a named column of a matrix, with different columns possibly of different types. The elements of a data frame can be accessed as if it were [...or...]
a list or as if it were a matrix.

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ular, columns can be factors. A data frameisreallyatypeof list in which each component is thought of as a named column of a matrix, with different columns possibly of different types. The elements of a data frame can be accessed as if it were <span>a list or as if it were a matrix.<span><body><html>

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#### Flashcard 1457096101132

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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What are columns with nonnumeric entries in a dataframe turned into?
factors

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>Thus, the columns of HGNdf are vectors or factors, named according to the words in the first row of the CSV file, and all of length equal to the number of data rows in the CSV file. It is important to note that columns with any character (non-numeric) entries are turned into factors<html>

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#### Flashcard 1457098460428

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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How do you get element i from a list? Will this also return its name?
We can get element i from a list, including its name, by putting i inside single square brackets.

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We can get element i from a list, including its name, by putting i inside single square brackets. We can get the contents of element i by putting i inside double square brackets.

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#### Flashcard 1457100819724

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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How do you get the contents of element i in a list?
We can get the contents of element i by putting i inside double square brackets.

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We can get element i from a list, including its name, by putting i inside single square brackets. We can get the contents of element i by putting i inside double square brackets.

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#### Flashcard 1457103179020

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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One way to save a data table is with the [...] function.
write.csv

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One way to save a data table is with the write.csv function. For example, the command

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#### Annotation 1457106586892

 A list of length n is an ordered collection of n objects (which might be num- bers, other lists, or more abstract entities) separated by commas and surrounded by parentheses

#### pdf

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#### Flashcard 1457108159756

Question
A list of length n is [...]
an ordered collection of n objects (which might be num- bers, other lists, or more abstract entities) separated by commas and surrounded by parentheses

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A list of length n is an ordered collection of n objects (which might be num- bers, other lists, or more abstract entities) separated by commas and surrounded by parentheses

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#### Flashcard 1457110781196

Question
We will deﬁne a vector space to be a set V along with an addition and a scalar multiplication on V that satisfy the properties discussed in the previous paragraph. By an addition on V we mean [...]
a function that assigns an element u + v ∈ V to each pair of elements u, v ∈ V.

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We will deﬁne a vector space to be a set V along with an addition and a scalar multiplication on V that satisfy the properties discussed in the previous paragraph. By an addition on V we mean a function that assigns an element u + v ∈ V to each pair of elements u, v ∈ V.

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#### Flashcard 1457116810508

Question
Now we are ready to give the formal deﬁnition of a vector space. A vector space is a set V along with an addition on V and a scalar multiplication on V such that the following properties hold:

[...]
commutativity
u + v = v + u for all u, v ∈ V;

associativity
(u+v)+w = u+(v +w) and (ab)v = a(bv) for all u,v,w ∈ V and all a,b ∈ F;

there exists an element 0 ∈ V such that v +0 = v for all v ∈ V;

for every v ∈ V, there exists w ∈ V such that v + w = 0;

multiplicative identity
1v = v for all v ∈ V;

distributive properties
a(u +v) = au +av and (a +b)u = au +bu for all a,b ∈ F and all u,v ∈ V.

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Now we are ready to give the formal deﬁnition of a vector space. A vector space is a set V along with an addition on V and a scalar multiplication on V such that the following properties hold: commutativity u + v = v + u for all u, v ∈ V; associativity (u+v)+w = u+(v +w) and (ab)v = a(bv) for all u,v,w ∈ V and all a,b ∈ F; additive identity there exists an element 0 ∈ V such that v +0 = v for all v ∈ V; additive inverse for every v ∈ V, there exists w ∈ V such that v + w = 0; multiplicative identity 1v = v for all v ∈ V; distributive properties a(u +v) = au +av and (a +b)u = au +bu for all a,b ∈ F and all u,v ∈ V.

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#### Flashcard 1457125199116

Question
Proposition: Every element in a vector space has a unique additive inverse. Proof: [...]
Suppose V is a vector space. Let v ∈ V. Suppose that w and w' are additive inverses of v. Then w' = w' + 0 = w' +(v + w) = (w'+v)+w = 0 + w = w. Thus w = w', as desired.

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Proposition: Every element in a vector space has a unique additive inverse. Proof: Suppose V is a vector space. Let v ∈ V. Suppose that w and w' are additive inverses of v. Then w' = w' + 0 = w' +(v + w) = (w'+v)+w = 0 + w = w. Thus w = w', as desired.

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#### Flashcard 1457126771980

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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The summary function [...]
detects the type, or “class,” of the argument provided to it, and returns a summary appropriate for that class of object.

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The summary function detects the type, or “class,” of the argument provided to it, and returns a summary appropriate for that class of object.

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#### Flashcard 1457128344844

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The aggregate function is very useful for [...]
summarizing data according to factor characteristics.

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The aggregate function is very useful for summarizing data according to factor characteristics.

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#### Flashcard 1457129917708

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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How do you write a function in R?
In general, a function in R in defined by code of the form: functionName = function( arguments ) { commands }

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In general, a function in R in defined by code of the form: functionName = function( arguments ) { commands } The commands inside the curly braces can extend over many lines of code.

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#### Flashcard 1457132277004

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You invoke the function by commanding R thus: [...]
functionName( arguments=argumentValues )

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You invoke the function by commanding R thus: functionName( arguments=argumentValues )

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#### Flashcard 1457133849868

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
Where do the curly braces go in a conditional statement (if, else)?
In particular, the line containing “else” begins with a closing curly brace, which tells R that the “else” clause is continuing the preceding “if.” A line that begins with “else” causes an error

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Notice the arrangement of curly braces across lines in the if-else structure above. In particular, the line containing “else” begins with a closing curly brace, which tells R that the “else” clause is continuing the preceding “if.” A line that begins with “else” causes an error

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#### Flashcard 1457136209164

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A simple way to measure processing time is with the [...] function, which returns the current computer-system time.
proc.time

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A simple way to measure processing time is with the proc.time function, which returns the current computer-system time. To measure the duration of a process, use proc.time at the beginning and end of the process, and compute the difference between

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#### Flashcard 1457138568460

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
Question
A simple way to measure processing time is with the proc.time function, which returns the current computer-system time. To measure the duration of a process, [...]
use proc.time at the beginning and end of the process, and compute the difference between the times

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A simple way to measure processing time is with the proc.time function, which returns the current computer-system time. To measure the duration of a process, use proc.time at the beginning and end of the process, and compute the difference between the times

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#### Flashcard 1457140141324

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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Which is faster? Loops or vectorized operations?
In general, for loops are slow relative to vectorized operations

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In general, for loops are slow relative to vectorized operations

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#### Flashcard 1457142500620

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#bayes #programming #r #statistics
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What is a sample space?
a set of possible outcomes in mind. This set exhausts all possible outcomes, and the outcomes are all mutually exclusive.

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Whenever we ask about how likely an outcome is, we always ask with a set of possible outcomes in mind. This set exhausts all possible outcomes, and the outcomes are all mutually exclusive. This set is called the sample space

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#### Flashcard 1457144859916

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What is the technical term for heads in a coin?
“obverse.”

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Many coins minted by governments have the picture of an important person’s head on one side. This side is called “heads” or, technically, the “obverse.”

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#### Flashcard 1457147219212

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#matlab #programming
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A more general form of for is [...] where v is any vector. The index moves through each element of the vector in turn, providing a neat way of processing each item in a list.
for index = v

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A more general form of for is for index = v where v is any vector. The index moves through each element of the vector in turn, providing a neat way of processing each item in a list.

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#### Flashcard 1457148792076

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#matlab #programming
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The MATLAB function [...] returns a six-element vector with the current date and time in the format year, month, day, hour, minute, seconds. Thus, t0 records when the calculation starts.
clock

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The MATLAB function clock returns a six-element vector with the current date and time in the format year, month, day, hour, minute, seconds. Thus, t0 records when the calculation starts.</ht

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#### Flashcard 1457150364940

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#matlab #programming
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The MATLAB function clock returns a [...] Thus, t0 records when the calculation starts.
six-element vector with the current date and time in the format year, month, day, hour, minute, seconds.

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The MATLAB function clock returns a six-element vector with the current date and time in the format year, month, day, hour, minute, seconds. Thus, t0 records when the calculation starts.

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#### Flashcard 1457151937804

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The function [...] returns the time in seconds elapsed between its two ar- guments, which must be vectors as returned by clock.
etime

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The function etime returns the time in seconds elapsed between its two ar- guments, which must be vectors as returned by clock.

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#### Flashcard 1457153510668

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#matlab #programming
Question
The function etime returns the [...], which must be vectors as returned by clock.
time in seconds elapsed between its two ar- guments

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The function etime returns the time in seconds elapsed between its two ar- guments, which must be vectors as returned by clock.

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#### Flashcard 1457155083532

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#matlab #programming
Question
The function etime returns the time in seconds elapsed between its two ar- guments, which must be [...]
vectors as returned by clock.

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The function etime returns the time in seconds elapsed between its two ar- guments, which must be vectors as returned by clock.

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 #matlab #programming A complex number may be represented in polar coordinates: z =re iθ

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A complex number may be represented in polar coordinates: z =re iθ angle(z) returns θ between −π and π ; that is, atan2(imag(z), real(z)). abs(z) returns the magnitude r

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#### Flashcard 1457159015692

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#matlab #programming
Question
A complex number may be represented in polar coordinates: z =re iθ angle(z) returns [...]. abs(z) returns the magnitude r
θ between −π and π ; that is, atan2(imag(z), real(z))

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A complex number may be represented in polar coordinates: z =re iθ angle(z) returns θ between −π and π ; that is, atan2(imag(z), real(z)). abs(z) returns the magnitude r

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#### Flashcard 1457160588556

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#matlab #programming
Question
A complex number may be represented in polar coordinates: z =re angle(z) returns θ between −π and π ; that is, atan2(imag(z), real(z)). abs(z) returns the [...]
magnitude r

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A complex number may be represented in polar coordinates: z =re iθ angle(z) returns θ between −π and π ; that is, atan2(imag(z), real(z)). abs(z) returns the magnitude r

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#### Flashcard 1457162161420

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#calculus #mathematics #tensors #vectors
Question
A vector is [...]
the mathematical representation of a physical entity that may be characterized by size (or “magnitude”) and direction

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A vector is the mathematical representation of a physical entity that may be characterized by size (or “magnitude”) and direction

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#### Flashcard 1457163734284

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#calculus #mathematics #tensors #vectors
Question
In other words, if you were to move the vector shown in Figure 1.1(a) to a different location without varying its length or its pointing direction, would it still be the same vector? In some applications, the answer is “yes,” and those vectors are called [...]