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Flashcard 1428259474700

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#algebra-baldor
Question
Los signos empleados en Algebra son de tres clases: [...], Signos de Relación y Signos de Agrupación.
Answer
Signos de Ope ración

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Los signos empleados en Algebra son de tres clases: Signos de Ope ración, Signos de Relación y Signos de Agrupación.

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Flashcard 1450267249932

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#cfa-level-1 #microeconomics #reading-15-demand-and-supply-analysis-the-firm
Question
Normal profit is considered to be a [...] because it is a return required by investors on their equity capital regardless of output level.
Answer
fixed cost

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Normal profit is considered to be a fixed cost because it is a return required by investors on their equity capital regardless of output level. At zero output, total costs are always equal to the amount of total fixed cost that is i

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Costs
rate of change in total variable cost. In Exhibit 13, TC at 5 units is 400—of which 300 is variable cost and 100 is fixed cost. At 10 units, total costs are 1,650, which is the sum of 1,550 in variable cost and 100 in fixed cost. <span>Total fixed cost (TFC) is the summation of all expenses that do not change when production varies. It can be a sunk or unavoidable cost that a firm has to cover whether it produces anything or not, or it can be a cost that stays the same over a range of production but can change to another constant level when production moves outside of that range. The latter is referred to as a quasi-fixed cost , although it remains categorized as part of TFC. Examples of fixed costs are debt service, real estate lease agreements, and rental contracts. Quasi-fixed cost examples would be certain utilities and administrative salaries that could be avoided or be lower when output is zero but would assume higher constant values over different production ranges. Normal profit is considered to be a fixed cost because it is a return required by investors on their equity capital regardless of output level. At zero output, total costs are always equal to the amount of total fixed cost that is incurred at this production point. In Exhibit 13, total fixed cost remains at 100 throughout the entire production range. Other fixed costs evolve primarily from investments in such fixed assets as real estate, production facilities, and equipment. As a firm grows in size, fixed asset expansion occurs along with a related increase in fixed cost. However, fixed cost cannot be arbitrarily cut when production declines. Regardless of the volume of output, an investment in a given level of fixed assets locks the firm into a certain amount of fixed cost that is used to finance the physical capital base, technology, and other capital assets. When a firm downsizes, the last expense to be cut is usually fixed cost. Total variable cost (TVC), which is the summation of all variable expenses, has a direct relationship with quantity. When quantity increases, total variable cost increases







Flashcard 1453621906700

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#conversation-tactics
Question
Even if you are listening intently, it’s still easy for others to feel like you are not. Namely, when you [...]
Answer
jump in immediately after they have finished speaking.

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Even if you are listening intently, it’s still easy for others to feel like you are not. Namely, when you jump in immediately after they have finished speaking. Why is this negative? The other person who just stopped speaking will likely come to the conclusion that you did not really listen to him or her. You appeared to b

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Flashcard 1473837665548

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-22-financial-statement-analysis-intro
Question
For [...], an example of an increase is a new issuance of equity and an example of a decrease is a repurchase of previously issued stock.
Answer
paid-in capital

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For paid-in capital, an example of an increase is a new issuance of equity and an example of a decrease is a repurchase of previously issued stock.

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3.1.3. Statement of Changes in Equity
ents of retained earnings. The statement of changes in equity is organized to present, for each component of equity, the beginning balance, any increases during the period, any decreases during the period, and the ending balance. <span>For paid-in capital, an example of an increase is a new issuance of equity and an example of a decrease is a repurchase of previously issued stock. For retained earnings, income (both net income as reported on the income statement and other comprehensive income) is the most common increase and a dividend payment is the most common







Flashcard 1474146995468

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-22-financial-statement-analysis-intro
Question
a [...] occurs when, for some reason, such as a scope limitation, the auditors are unable to issue an opinion.
Answer
disclaimer of opinion

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a disclaimer of opinion occurs when, for some reason, such as a scope limitation, the auditors are unable to issue an opinion.

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3.1.7. Auditor’s Reports
art from accounting standards and are not fairly presented. An adverse opinion makes analysis of the financial statements easy: Do not bother analyzing these statements, because the company’s financial statements cannot be relied on. Finally, <span>a disclaimer of opinion occurs when, for some reason, such as a scope limitation, the auditors are unable to issue an opinion. Exhibit 10 presents the independent auditor’s report for Volkswagen. Note that Volkswagen received an unqualified or clean audit opinion from PricewaterhouseCoopers for the company’s fi







Flashcard 1474400750860

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Business activities may be classified into three groups for financial reporting purposes: [...]
Answer
operating, investing, and financing activities.

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Business activities may be classified into three groups for financial reporting purposes: operating, investing, and financing activities.

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2. THE CLASSIFICATION OF BUSINESS ACTIVITIES
ilar accounting treatment to similar types of business transactions. Therefore, a first step in understanding financial reporting mechanics is to understand how business activities are classified for financial reporting purposes. <span>Business activities may be classified into three groups for financial reporting purposes: operating, investing, and financing activities. Operating activities are those activities that are part of the day-to-day business functioning of an entity. Examples include the sale of meals by a restaurant, th







Flashcard 1474582940940

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
[...] are very liquid short-term investments, usually maturing in 90 days or less.


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f merchandise). Other receivables represent amounts owed to the company from parties other than customers. Cash refers to cash on hand (e.g., petty cash and cash not yet deposited to the bank) and in the bank. <span>Cash equivalents are very liquid short-term investments, usually maturing in 90 days or less. The presentation of assets as current or non-current will vary from industry to industry and from

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3.1. Financial Statement Elements and Accounts
ldings); other property held for investment, and investments in the securities of other companies. Current assets are those that are expected to be consumed or converted into cash in the near future, typically one year or less. <span>Inventory is the unsold units of product on hand (sometimes referred to as inventory stock). Trade receivables (also referred to as commercial receivables , or simply accounts receivable ) are amounts customers owe the company for products that have been sold as well as amounts that may be due from suppliers (such as for returns of merchandise). Other receivables represent amounts owed to the company from parties other than customers. Cash refers to cash on hand (e.g., petty cash and cash not yet deposited to the bank) and in the bank. Cash equivalents are very liquid short-term investments, usually maturing in 90 days or less. The presentation of assets as current or non-current will vary from industry to industry and from country to country. Some industries present current assets first, whereas others list non-current assets first. This is discussed further in later readings. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1477983472908

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
The format for the operating cash section which begins with net income and shows adjustments to derive operating cash flow, is known as the [...] .
Answer
indirect format

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The format for the operating cash section which begins with net income and shows adjustments to derive operating cash flow, is known as the indirect format .

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In the cashflow statement direct format , which refers to the operating cash section appearing simply as operating cash receipts less operating cash disbursements. An alternative format for the operating cash section, which begins with net income and shows adjustments to derive operating cash flow, is known as the indirect format . The alternative formats and detailed rules are discussed in the reading on understanding the statement of cash flows.







Flashcard 1478051368204

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
What is the accrued expenses accounting treatment for the account of wages payable?
Answer
An originating entry to record wage expense and the corresponding liability for wages payable.

A future adjusting entry to eliminate the liability decreasing wages payable and asset account decreasing cash.

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lustration, the company had incurred wage expenses at month end, but the payment would not be made until after the end of the month (Transaction 11). To reflect the company’s position at the end of the month, the accounting treatment involved <span>an originating entry to record wage expense and the corresponding liability for wages payable, and a future adjusting entry to eliminate the liability when cash is paid (not shown because wages will be paid only in February). Similarly, the IAL illustration included interest accrual on the company’s bank borrowing. (See the boxes showing the accounting treatment of Transaction 8, where Transaction 8 refers

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ved and the corresponding liability to deliver newsletters) and, subsequently, 12 future adjusting entries, the first one of which was illustrated as Transaction 12. Each adjusting entry reduces the liability and records revenue. <span>In practice, a large amount of unearned revenue may cause some concern about a company’s ability to deliver on this future commitment. Conversely, a positive aspect is that increases in unearned revenue are an indicator of future revenues. For example, a large liability on the balance sheet of an airline relates to cash received for future airline travel. Revenue will be recognized as the travel occurs, so an increase in this liability is an indicator of future increases in revenue. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1478133681420

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
The financial statements, a final product of the accounting system, are prepared based on the account totals from an [...] .
Answer
adjusted trial balance

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Flashcard 1478487313676

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-25-understanding-income-statement
Question
Selling, general, administrative, and research and development are examples of [...]
Answer
Operating expenses

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Operating profit results from deducting operating expenses such as selling, general, administrative, and research and development expenses from gross profit.

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2. COMPONENTS AND FORMAT OF THE INCOME STATEMENT
oods or services. Other expenses related to running the business are subtracted after gross profit. Another important subtotal which may be shown on the income statement is operating profit (or, synonymously, operating income). <span>Operating profit results from deducting operating expenses such as selling, general, administrative, and research and development expenses from gross profit. Operating profit reflects a company’s profits on its usual business activities before deducting taxes, and for non-financial companies, before deducting interest expense. For financial







Flashcard 1481584807180

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#cfa-level-1 #expense-recognition #reading-25-understanding-income-statement
Question
[...] requires that a company recognizes cost of goods sold in the same period as revenues from the sale of the goods.
Answer
Matching

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4.1. General Principles
ade from inventory purchased in a previous period or previous periods. It is also likely that some of the inventory purchased in the current period will remain unsold at the end of the current period and so will be sold in a following period. <span>Matching requires that a company recognizes cost of goods sold in the same period as revenues from the sale of the goods. Period costs , expenditures that less directly match revenues, are reflected in the period when a company makes the expenditure or incurs the liability to pay. Administrati







Flashcard 1497102683404

Question
The [...] is how a firm finances its overall operations and growth by using different sources of funds.
Answer
capital structure

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Capital Structure Definition | Investopedia
What is a 'Capital Structure' <span>The capital structure is how a firm finances its overall operations and growth by using different sources of funds. Debt comes in the form of bond issues or long-term notes payable, while equity is classified as common stock, preferred stock or retained earnings. Short-term debt such as working capit







Flashcard 1497406508300

Question
[...] is defined as a sale price agreed to by a willing buyer and seller, assuming both parties enter the transaction freely.
Answer
Fair value

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Fair value is defined as a sale price agreed to by a willing buyer and seller, assuming both parties enter the transaction freely. Many investments have a fair value determined by a market where t

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Fair Value Definition | Investopedia
What is 'Fair Value' <span>Fair value is defined as a sale price agreed to by a willing buyer and seller, assuming both parties enter the transaction freely. Many investments have a fair value determined by a market where the security is traded. Fair value also represents the value of a company’s assets and liabilities when a subsidiary company’s financial statements are consolidated with a parent company. BREAKING DOWN 'Fair Value' The most reliable way to determine an investment’s fair value is to list the security on an exchange. If XYZ stock trad







Flashcard 1598502604044

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#cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #non-recurring-non-operating-items #understanding-income-statement
Question
Expropriations by foreign governments is an example of [...]
Answer
An extraordinary item

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dinary items Extraordinary items are BOTH unusual in nature AND infrequent in occurrence, and material in amount. They must be reported separately (below the line) net of income tax. Common examples are: <span>Expropriations by foreign governments. Uninsured losses from earthquakes, eruptions, and tornadoes. Note that gains and losses from the early retirement of debt used to be treated as extraordinary items; SFAS No

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Subject 6. Non-Recurring Items and Non-Operating Items
. Subsidiaries and investees also qualify as separate components. Disposal of a portion of a business component does not qualify as discontinued operations. Instead, this is recorded as an unusual or infrequent item. <span>2. Extraordinary items Extraordinary items are BOTH unusual in nature AND infrequent in occurrence, and material in amount. They must be reported separately (below the line) net of income tax. Common examples are: Expropriations by foreign governments. Uninsured losses from earthquakes, eruptions, and tornadoes. Note that gains and losses from the early retirement of debt used to be treated as extraordinary items; SFAS No. 145 now requires them to be treated as part of continuing operations. 3. Unusual or infrequent items These are either unusual in nature OR infrequent in occurrence but not both. They may be disclosed separately (as a single-line







Flashcard 1602913176844

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#cfa #cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #reading-24-understanding-income-statements
Question
Comprehensive income includes items like an unrealized holding gain or loss from available-for-sale securities and [...] gains or losses.
Answer
foreign currency translation

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Comprehensive income
Comprehensive income includes both net income and other revenue and expense items that are excluded from the net income calculation. Comprehensive income is the sum of net income and other items that must bypass the income statement because they have not been realized, including items like an unrealized holding gain or loss from available-for-sale securities and foreign currency translation gains or losses. These items are not part of net income, yet are important enough to be included in comprehensive income, giving the user a bigger, more comprehensive picture of the organization as a wh







Flashcard 1602915011852

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#cfa #cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #reading-24-understanding-income-statements
Question
Minimum pension liability adjustment is an example of [...]
Answer
Comprehensive income

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Comprehensive income
sition of comprehensive income. It begins with net income and then includes those items affecting stockholders' equity that do not flow through the income statement. For 3M, these items include: Cumulative translation adjustment. <span>Minimum pension liability adjustment. Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale investments. Unrealized gains (losses) on derivative investments. FASB has taken the position that income for a period shoul







Flashcard 1602974780684

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#analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #reading-26-understanding-balance-sheets
Question
BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS

Cash and other assets expected to be converted into cash, sold, or consumed either in one year or in the operating cycle, whichever is longer.
Answer
Current Assets

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Subject 1. Components and Format of the Balance Sheet
he left and liabilities and equity at the right of a central dividing line. A report format balance sheet lists assets, liabilities, and equity in a single column. Balance Sheet Components Current Assets <span>These are cash and other assets expected to be converted into cash, sold, or consumed either in one year or in the operating cycle, whichever is longer. The operating cycle is the average time between the acquisition of materials and supplies and the realization of cash through sales of the product for which the materials and supplies w







Flashcard 1602996014348

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#analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #reading-26-understanding-balance-sheets
Question

Balance sheet component

These are properties of a durable nature used in the regular operations of the business.

Answer
Property, Plant, and Equipment

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Subject 1. Components and Format of the Balance Sheet
stments set aside in special funds, such as a sinking fund, pension fund, or plant expansion fund. The cash surrender value of life insurance is included here. Investments in non-consolidated subsidiaries or affiliated companies. <span>Property, Plant, and Equipment These are properties of a durable nature used in the regular operations of the business. With the exception of land, most assets are either depreciable (such as a building) or consumable. Intangible Assets These lack physical substance and usually have a high degree of uncertainty concerning their future benefits. They include patents, copyright







Flashcard 1603172175116

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#cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #reading-26-understanding-balance-sheets
Question
[...] is an example of an unidentifiable intangible asset which cannot be acquired singly.
Answer
Goodwill

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Subject 2. Measurement Bases of Assets and Liabilities
feasibility) are met. A company should assess whether the useful life of an intangible asset is finite or infinite and, if finite, the length of its life. The straight-line method is typically used for amortization. <span>Goodwill is an example of an unidentifiable intangible asset which cannot be acquired singly and typically possesses an indefinite benefit period. It stems from such factors as a good reputation, loyal customers, and superior management. Any business that earns significantly more than a normal rate of return actually has goodwill.







Flashcard 1603218050316

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-26-understanding-balance-sheets
Question
Available-for-sale securities.

Unrealized gains and losses are reported as part of [...] (in contrast, the unrealized gains or losses of trading securities are reported in the income statement as part of net income).
Answer
other comprehensive income

Other than that, they are accounted for in the same way as trading securities.

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Subject 3. Financial Instruments: Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities
me statement. Realized gains and losses are not affected by any unrealized gains or losses recognized before. Available-for-sale securities. Debt and equity securities not classified as held-to-maturity or trading securities. <span>Unrealized gains and losses are reported as part of other comprehensive income (in contrast, the unrealized gains or losses of trading securities are reported in the income statement as part of net income). Other than that, they are accounted for in the same way as trading securities. <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1611303095564

Question
When is the quick ratio specially a better indicator of liquidity?

Answer
If inventory is not moving

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Subject 5. Uses and Analysis of the Balance Sheet
less than 1 indicates the company has negative working capital. Quick Ratio (Acid-Test Ratio) eliminates less liquid assets, such as inventory and pre-paid expenses, from the current ratio. <span>If inventory is not moving, the quick ratio is a better indicator of cash and near-cash items that will be available to meet current obligations. Cash Ratio is the most conservative liquidity ratio, determined by eliminating receivables from the quick ratio. As with the elimination of







Flashcard 1614198738188

Tags
#analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #financial-reporting-and-analysis #reading-26-understanding-balance-sheets
Question
What is the most difficult section of the balance sheet to understand
Answer
owner's equity

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Subject 1. Components and Format of the Balance Sheet
dent upon the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more future events to confirm the amount payable, or the payee, or the date payable, such as services or product warranties and other contingencies. Owner's Equity <span>The complexity of capital stock agreements and the various restrictions on residual equity imposed by state corporation laws, liability agreements, and boards of directors make the owner's equity section one of the most difficult sections to prepare and understand. This section is usually divided into three parts: Capital stock: the par or stated value of the shares issued. Additional paid-in capital: the excess of amounts paid in ove







Flashcard 1615947500812

Question
There are two methods of converting the income statement from an accrual basis to a cash basis. [...]
Answer
The direct method and the indirect method

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Subject 2. Preparing the Cash Flow Statement
ccurrence of the underlying cash flows. Finally, non-operating gains and losses enter into the determination of net income, but the related cash flows are classified as investing or financing activities, not operating activities. <span>There are two methods of converting the income statement from an accrual basis to a cash basis. Companies can use either the direct or the indirect method for reporting their operating cash flow. The direct method discloses operating cash inflows by source (e.g., cash







Flashcard 1615964802316

Question
Which method shows why net income and operating cash flows differ?
Answer
indirect method

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Subject 2. Preparing the Cash Flow Statement
average reader. The indirect method reconciles net income to net cash flow from operating activities by adjusting net income for all non-cash items and the net changes in the operating working capital accounts. <span>It shows why net income and operating cash flows differ. It is used by most companies. The direct and indirect methods are alternative formats for reporting net cash flows from operating activities. Both methods produc







Flashcard 1619910855948

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#fucked-up-questions
Question
In which statement should an increase in prepaid expenses be added to calculate the cash payments?
Answer
The income statement

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In calculating the cash payments for other operating expenses, which of the following items must a company add to the other operating expenses reported on the income statement?
An increase in prepaid expenses must be added to the other operating expenses reported on the income statement to calculate the cash payments for other operating expenses. An increase in prepaid expenses represents an outflow of cash that is not yet reported on the income statement as an expense.







Flashcard 1620805553420

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Name which financial statement element does the account belong to:

Accounts receivable.
Answer
Assets

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Exhibit 2. Common Accounts Assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, trade receivables Prepaid expenses Inventory Property, plant, and equipment Investment propert

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3.1. Financial Statement Elements and Accounts
ounting periods), and sales returns and allowances (an offset to revenue reflecting any cash refunds, credits on account, and discounts from sales prices given to customers who purchased defective or unsatisfactory items). <span>Exhibit 2. Common Accounts Assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, trade receivables Prepaid expenses Inventory Property, plant, and equipment Investment property Intangible assets (patents, trademarks, licenses, copyright, goodwill) Financial assets, trading securities, investment securities Investments accounted for by the equity method Current and deferred tax assets [for banks, Loans (receivable)] Liabilities Accounts payable, trade payables Provisions or accrued liabilities Financial liabilities Current and deferred tax liabilities Reserves Unearned revenue Debt payable Bonds (payable) [for banks, Deposits] Owners’ Equity Capital, such as common stock par value Additional paid-in capital Retained earnings Other comprehensive income Minority interest Revenue Revenue, sales Gains Investment income (e.g., interest and dividends) Expense Cost of goods sold Selling, general, and administrative expenses “SG&A” (e.g., rent, utilities, salaries, advertising) Depreciation and amortization Interest expense Tax expense Losses For presentation purposes, assets are sometimes categorized as “current” or “non-current.” For example, Tesco (a large European retailer) prese







Flashcard 1620834651404

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Name the account's financial statement element

Reserves
Answer
Liabilities

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Exhibit 2. Common Accounts Assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, trade receivables Prepaid expenses Inventory Property, plant, and equipment Investment propert

Original toplevel document

3.1. Financial Statement Elements and Accounts
ounting periods), and sales returns and allowances (an offset to revenue reflecting any cash refunds, credits on account, and discounts from sales prices given to customers who purchased defective or unsatisfactory items). <span>Exhibit 2. Common Accounts Assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, trade receivables Prepaid expenses Inventory Property, plant, and equipment Investment property Intangible assets (patents, trademarks, licenses, copyright, goodwill) Financial assets, trading securities, investment securities Investments accounted for by the equity method Current and deferred tax assets [for banks, Loans (receivable)] Liabilities Accounts payable, trade payables Provisions or accrued liabilities Financial liabilities Current and deferred tax liabilities Reserves Unearned revenue Debt payable Bonds (payable) [for banks, Deposits] Owners’ Equity Capital, such as common stock par value Additional paid-in capital Retained earnings Other comprehensive income Minority interest Revenue Revenue, sales Gains Investment income (e.g., interest and dividends) Expense Cost of goods sold Selling, general, and administrative expenses “SG&A” (e.g., rent, utilities, salaries, advertising) Depreciation and amortization Interest expense Tax expense Losses For presentation purposes, assets are sometimes categorized as “current” or “non-current.” For example, Tesco (a large European retailer) prese







Flashcard 1620861390092

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#cfa-level-1 #reading-23-financial-reporting-mechanics
Question
Name if the financial statement element

Cost of goods sold
Answer
Expense

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Parent (intermediate) annotation

Open it
Exhibit 2. Common Accounts Assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, trade receivables Prepaid expenses Inventory Property, plant, and equipment Investment propert

Original toplevel document

3.1. Financial Statement Elements and Accounts
ounting periods), and sales returns and allowances (an offset to revenue reflecting any cash refunds, credits on account, and discounts from sales prices given to customers who purchased defective or unsatisfactory items). <span>Exhibit 2. Common Accounts Assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, trade receivables Prepaid expenses Inventory Property, plant, and equipment Investment property Intangible assets (patents, trademarks, licenses, copyright, goodwill) Financial assets, trading securities, investment securities Investments accounted for by the equity method Current and deferred tax assets [for banks, Loans (receivable)] Liabilities Accounts payable, trade payables Provisions or accrued liabilities Financial liabilities Current and deferred tax liabilities Reserves Unearned revenue Debt payable Bonds (payable) [for banks, Deposits] Owners’ Equity Capital, such as common stock par value Additional paid-in capital Retained earnings Other comprehensive income Minority interest Revenue Revenue, sales Gains Investment income (e.g., interest and dividends) Expense Cost of goods sold Selling, general, and administrative expenses “SG&A” (e.g., rent, utilities, salaries, advertising) Depreciation and amortization Interest expense Tax expense Losses For presentation purposes, assets are sometimes categorized as “current” or “non-current.” For example, Tesco (a large European retailer) prese







Flashcard 1621185400076

Tags
#cashflow-statement
Question
WCInv: [...]
Answer
Investment in working capital

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Subject 3. Cash Flow Statement Analysis
3; The add-back is after-tax, because the discount rate in the FCFF model (WACC) is also calculated on an after-tax basis. FCInv: Investment in fixed capital. It equals capital expenditures for PP&E minus sales of fixed assets. <span>WCInv: Investment in working capital. It equals the increase in short-term operating assets net of operating liabilities. Example Quinton is evaluating Proust Company for 2014. Quinton has gathered the following information (in millions):







Flashcard 1622008794380

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#tvm
Question
An [...] has a first cash flow that occurs one period from now (indexed at t = 1).

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Flashcard 1622737554700

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#tvm
Question
Growth rate formula con raiz
Answer
g = N√(FVN / PV) – 1  

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Flashcard 1622883306764

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#tvm
Question
The principle that the approximate number of years necessary for an investment to double is [...] .
Answer
72 divided by the stated interest rate

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Flashcard 1622886976780

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#summary #tvm
Question
The FV, is the PV, times the future value factor, [...]
Answer
(1 + r)N.

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Open it
An interest rate can be viewed as the sum of the real risk-free interest rate and a set of premiums that compensate lenders for risk: an inflation premium, a default risk premium, a liquidity premium, and a maturity premium. <span>The future value, FV, is the present value, PV, times the future value factor, (1 + r) N . The interest rate, r, makes current and future currency amounts equivalent based on their time value. The stated annual interest rate is a quoted interes







Flashcard 1623805005068

Tags
#discounted-cashflow-applications
Question
In investment management applications, the internal rate of return is called the [...]
Answer
money-weighted rate of return

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Flashcard 1623820995852

Tags
#discounted-cashflow-applications
Question
performance measurement involves [...] manner.
Answer

calculating returns in a logical and consistent

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Flashcard 1625076403468

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#has-images #reading-6-tvm
Question
In order to receive a single future cash flow N years from now, you must make an investment today in the following amount:
Answer


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subject 3. The Future Value and Present Value of a Single Cash Flow
e n PV = present value r = interest rate per period N = number of years A key assumption of the future value formula is that interim interest earned is reinvested at the given interest rate (r). This is known as compounding. <span>In order to receive a single future cash flow N years from now, you must make an investment today in the following amount: Notice that the future cash flow is discounted back to the present. Therefore, the interest rate is called the discount rate. You sh







Flashcard 1625081122060

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#has-images #reading-6-tvm
Question

When compounding periods are other than annual the formula is:

Answer

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subject 3. The Future Value and Present Value of a Single Cash Flow
. When you calculate these amounts, make sure that periodic interest rates correspond to the number of compounding periods in the year. For example, if time periods are quoted in quarters, quarterly interest rates should be used. <span>When compounding periods are other than annual r s = the quoted annual interest rate m = the number of compounding periods per year N = the number of years. Example 2 An analyst invests $5 million in a 5-year certificate of deposit (CD) at a local financial institution. The CD promises to pay 7% per year, compounded semi-a







Flashcard 1625113627916

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#reading-6-tvm
Question
[...] is a finite set of sequential cash flows, all with the same value.

Answer
Annuity

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Subject 4. The Future Value and Present Value of a Series of Equal Cash Flows (Ordinary Annuities, Annuity Dues, and Perpetuities)
Annuity is a finite set of sequential cash flows, all with the same value. Ordinary annuity has a first cash flow that occurs one period from now (indexed at t = 1). In other words, the payments occur at the end of each period. Future value







Flashcard 1625124900108

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#reading-6-tvm
Question
If caeteris paribus, the future value of an annuity due is equal to the [...]
Answer
future value of an ordinary annuity multiplied by (1 + r).

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Subject 4. The Future Value and Present Value of a Series of Equal Cash Flows (Ordinary Annuities, Annuity Dues, and Perpetuities)
future value of one annuity payment now, and the future value of a regular annuity of (N -1) period. Calculate the two parts and add them together. Alternatively, you can use this formula: Note that, <span>all other factors being equal, the future value of an annuity due is equal to the future value of an ordinary annuity multiplied by (1 + r). Present value of an annuity due This consists of two parts: an annuity payment now and the present value of a regular annuity of (N - 1) period. Use the a







Flashcard 1625127259404

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#has-images #reading-6-tvm
Question
Present value of an annuity due

(without breaking it in 2)

Answer

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Subject 4. The Future Value and Present Value of a Series of Equal Cash Flows (Ordinary Annuities, Annuity Dues, and Perpetuities)
u can use this formula: Note that, all other factors being equal, the future value of an annuity due is equal to the future value of an ordinary annuity multiplied by (1 + r). <span>Present value of an annuity due This consists of two parts: an annuity payment now and the present value of a regular annuity of (N - 1) period. Use the above formula to calculate the second part and add the two parts together. This process can also be simplified to a formula: Note that, all other factors being equal, the present value of an annuity due is equal to the present value of an ordinary annuity multiplied







Flashcard 1626081463564

Tags
#balance-sheet-analysis #has-images
Question
How is this ratio called?

Answer
Financial Leverage Ratio

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Subject 5. Uses and Analysis of the Balance Sheet
ing debt such as accounts payables, accrued expenses, and deferred taxes. This ratio is especially useful in analyzing a company with substantial financing from short-term borrowing. Total Debt Ratio = <span>Financial Leverage Ratio = Financial statement analysis aims to investigate a company's financial condition and operating performance. Using financial ratios helps to examine relationships among indi







Flashcard 1626630917388

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#reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
A company should choose those capital investment processes that maximize [...] .

Answer
shareholder wealth

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Subject 1. NPV and IRR
A company should choose those capital investment processes that maximize shareholder wealth. The net present value (NPV) of an investment is the present value of its cash inflows minus the present value of its cash outflows. The internal rate of return (IRR) is the discou







Flashcard 1626634849548

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#reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
There are three problems associated with IRR as a decision rule.
Answer
Reinvestment, Scale and Timing

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Subject 1. NPV and IRR
ater than the discount rate used (WACC) and reject those in which the IRR is less than the discount rate. An IRR greater than the WACC suggests that the project will more than repay the capital costs (opportunity costs) incurred. <span>There are three problems associated with IRR as a decision rule. Reinvestment The IRR is intended to provide a single number that represents the rate of return generated by a capital investment. As such, it is an easy number







Flashcard 1632905858316

Tags
#has-images #reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
Holding period yield (HPY) formula:

HPY= [...]

Answer

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Subject 4. Different Yield Measures of a U.S. Treasury Bill
tead, return on investment should be measured based on cost of investment. It is annualized using a 360-day year, not a 365-day year. It annualizes with simple interest and ignores the effect of interest on interest (compound interest). <span>Holding period yield (HPY) is the return earned by an investor if the money market instrument is held until maturity: P 0 = the initial price of the instrument P 1 = the price received for the instrument at its maturity D 1 = the cash distributio







Flashcard 1633194216716

Tags
#reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
With which formula do you annualize the HPY of a T-Bill on a 365 basis
Answer
The effective annual yield

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Subject 4. Different Yield Measures of a U.S. Treasury Bill
#13; Since a pure discount instrument (e.g., a T-bill) makes no interest payment, its HPY is (P 1 - P 0 )/P 0 . Note that HPY is computed on the basis of purchase price, not face value. It is not an annualized yield. <span>The effective annual yield is the annualized HPY on the basis of a 365-day year. It incorporates the effect of compounding interest. Money market yield (also known as CD equivalent yield) is the annualized HPY on the basis of







Flashcard 1633252412684

Tags
#reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
[...] is the annualized HPY on the basis of a 360-day year using simple interest.
Answer
Money market yield

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Subject 4. Different Yield Measures of a U.S. Treasury Bill
se price, not face value. It is not an annualized yield. The effective annual yield is the annualized HPY on the basis of a 365-day year. It incorporates the effect of compounding interest. <span>Money market yield (also known as CD equivalent yield) is the annualized HPY on the basis of a 360-day year using simple interest. Example An investor buys a $1,000 face-value T-bill due in 60 days at a price of $990. Bank discount yield: (1000 - 990







Flashcard 1633413631244

Tags
#reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
If we know rMM, then:
  • HPY = [...]
Answer
rMM x (t/360)

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Subject 4. Different Yield Measures of a U.S. Treasury Bill
ld: (360 x 6%)/(360 - 60 x 6%) = 6.0606% If we know HPY, then: EAY = (1 + HPY) 365/t - 1 r MM = HPY x 360/t If we know EAY, then: HPY = ( 1 + EAY) t/365 - 1 r MM = [(1 + EAY) t/365 - 1] x (360/t) <span>If we know r MM , then: HPY = r MM x (t/360) EAY = (1 + r MM x t/360) 365/t - 1 <span><body><html>







Flashcard 1633971997964

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#reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
yields of a semi-annual-pay and an annual-pay bond cannot be compared directly without [...]
Answer
conversion.

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Subject 5. Bond Equivalent Yield
The convention is to double it and call the result the bond's yield to maturity. This method ignores the effect of compounding semi-annual YTM, and the YTM calculated in this way is called a bond-equivalent yield (BEY). However, <span>yields of a semi-annual-pay and an annual-pay bond cannot be compared directly without conversion. This conversion can be done in one of the two ways: Convert the bond-equivalent yield of a semi-annual-pay bond to an annual-pay bond.







Flashcard 1633989037324

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#has-images #reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
Question
Convert the bond-equivalent yield of a semi-annual-pay bond to an annual-pay bond.

Annual-Pay Yield of a Semiannual-Pay Bond = [...]

Answer

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Subject 5. Bond Equivalent Yield
ted in this way is called a bond-equivalent yield (BEY). However, yields of a semi-annual-pay and an annual-pay bond cannot be compared directly without conversion. This conversion can be done in one of the two ways: <span>Convert the bond-equivalent yield of a semi-annual-pay bond to an annual-pay bond. Convert the equivalent annual yield of an annual-pay bond to a bond-equivalent yield. Example &#13







Flashcard 1635130412300

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#statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question

The actual number of observations in a given interval is called the [...]

Answer
absolute frequency

or simply the frequency.

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Flashcard 1635132509452

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#statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question

The [...] is the list of intervals together with the corresponding measures of frequency.

Answer
frequency distribution

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Flashcard 1635160296716

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#statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question

Observations of a variable over time.

Answer
Time-series data

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Flashcard 1635393080588

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#reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
Question
In this measurement scale no quantitative information is conveyed and no ordering (ranking) of the items is implied.
Answer
Nominal Scale

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    Subject 2. Measurement Scales
    uish between different measurement scales or levels of measurement. Nominal Scale Nominal measurement represents the weakest level of measurement. It consists of assigning items to groups or categories. <span>No quantitative information is conveyed and no ordering (ranking) of the items is implied. Nominal scales are qualitative rather than quantitative. Religious preference, race, and sex are all examples of nominal scales. Another example is portfolio managers cate







    Flashcard 1636534193420

    Tags
    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question
    When the word "mean" is used without a modifier, it can be assumed to refer to the [...] .
    Answer
    arithmetic mean

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    Subject 4. Measures of Center Tendency
    ulation, the arithmetic mean is called a population mean. If the data set includes a sample of values taken from a population, the arithmetic mean is called a sample mean. This is the most widely used measure of central tendency. <span>When the word "mean" is used without a modifier, it can be assumed to refer to the arithmetic mean. The mean is the sum of all scores divided by the number of scores. It is used to measure the prospective (expected future) performance (return) of an investment over a number of periods







    Flashcard 1637159144716

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question

    Subjective probabilities appear in various places in this reading, notably in our discussion of [...]

    Answer
    Bayes’ formula.

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    Flashcard 1637216292108

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    A conditional probability is denoted [...]
    Answer
    P(A | B)

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    Flashcard 1641119616268

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    Question
    RG means [...]
    Answer
    Returns Geometric Mean

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    Flashcard 1644303093004

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    Question
    The most common measures of dispersion: [...] , [...] , variance, and standard deviation.
    Answer
    mean absolute deviation

    range

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    Flashcard 1644338744588

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question

    Why don't we compute measures of dispersion as the arithmetic average of the deviations around the mean?

    Answer
    The deviations around the mean always sum to 0.

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    Flashcard 1644406639884

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    Question

    [...] is defined as the average squared deviation below the mean.

    Answer

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    Flashcard 1644434427148

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question

    Semivariance (or semideviation) and target semivariance (or target semideviation) have intuitive appeal, but [...]

    Answer
    they are harder to work with mathematically than variance

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    Flashcard 1644482399500

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question

    a measure of the average excess return earned per unit of standard deviation of return.

    Answer
    Sharpe Ratio

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    Flashcard 1644486069516

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question

    Sharpe Ratio Formula.

    Sh = [...]

    Answer
    Rp − RF / sp

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    Flashcard 1644555799820

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question

    Which type of distribution is completely described by its mean and variance.

    Answer
    Normal distribution

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    Flashcard 1644705484044

    Tags
    #reading-7-discounted-cashflows-applications
    Question
    If we know rMM, then:
    • EAY = (1 + rMM x t/360) [...]
    Answer
    EAY = (1 + rMM x t/360)365/t - 1

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    Subject 4. Different Yield Measures of a U.S. Treasury Bill
    ld: (360 x 6%)/(360 - 60 x 6%) = 6.0606% If we know HPY, then: EAY = (1 + HPY) 365/t - 1 r MM = HPY x 360/t If we know EAY, then: HPY = ( 1 + EAY) t/365 - 1 r MM = [(1 + EAY) t/365 - 1] x (360/t) <span>If we know r MM , then: HPY = r MM x (t/360) EAY = (1 + r MM x t/360) 365/t - 1 <span><body><html>







    Flashcard 1644775476492

    Tags
    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question

    If not equal, which is always less MAD or standard deviation?

    Answer
    Mean Absolute Deviation

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    Flashcard 1644809555212

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question
    For all normal distributions, kurtosis is equal to [...]
    Answer
    3.

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    Flashcard 1644811914508

    Tags
    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question
    Degree of peakedness (fatness of tails) in excess of the peakedness of the normal distribution.
    Answer
    Excess Kurtosis

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    Flashcard 1644903140620

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    Odds for E = [...]
    Answer
    P(E) / [1 − P(E)]

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    Flashcard 1644981259532

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    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question
    The upper boundary of each class is calculated by [...]
    Answer
    adding half of the gap value to the class upper limit.

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    Flashcard 1644983880972

    Tags
    #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
    Question
    A [...] is the midpoint between two class limits
    Answer
    class boundary

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    Flashcard 1644996726028

    Tags
    #math-shit
    Question
    You can find the median by [...] of the stemplot until [...]
    Answer
    counting from either end

    you find its center.

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    Stem-and-leaf graph
    2|0158 3|233 4|45 5|8 The shape of the resulting display looks something like a bar graph oriented vertically. By examining the stemplot, you can determine certain properties of the data. <span>You can find the median by counting from either end of the stemplot until you find its center. Here, since there are 12 numbers, the center lies between 28 and 32. The median is the average of the two data points: (28+32)/2 = 30.) You can also determine if







    Flashcard 1645014551820

    Tags
    #quantitative-methods-basic-concepts #statistics
    Question
    Is the Geometric mean and Geometric mean returns calculated the same way?
    Answer
    No

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    Harmonic Mean The harmonic mean of n numbers x i (where i = 1, 2, ..., n) is: The special cases of n = 2 and n = 3 are given by: and so on.

    Original toplevel document

    Subject 4. Measures of Center Tendency
    , therefore, is not recommended for use as the only measure of central tendency. A further disadvantage of the mode is that many distributions have more than one mode. These distributions are called "multimodal." <span>Harmonic Mean The harmonic mean of n numbers x i (where i = 1, 2, ..., n) is: The special cases of n = 2 and n = 3 are given by: and so on. For n = 2, the harmonic mean is related to arithmetic mean A and geometric mean G by: The mean, median, and mode are equal in symmetric distributions. The mean is higher than the median in positively skewed distributions and lower than the median in negatively skewed dist







    Flashcard 1645233966348

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    Can probabilities be negative?
    Answer
    no

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    Flashcard 1645250743564

    Tags
    #edx-probability
    Question
    An experiment has a number of possible outcomes,when we make a list of them we call it a [...]
    Answer
    set

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    Lesson 1. Sample space
    e first step, namely, the description of the possible outcomes of the experiment. So we carry out an experiment. For example, we flip a coin. Or maybe we flip five coins simultaneously. Or maybe we roll a die. <span>Whatever that experiment is, it has a number of possible outcomes, and we start by making a list of the possible outcomes-- or, a better word, instead of the word "list", is to use the word "set", which has a more formal mathematical meaning. So we create a set that we usually denote by capital omega. That set is called the sample







    Flashcard 1645253102860

    Tags
    #edx-probability
    Question
    A set of outcomes in an experiment is denoted by [...]
    Answer
    \(\Omega\)

    Capital omega

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    Lesson 1. Sample space
    ng a list of the possible outcomes-- or, a better word, instead of the word "list", is to use the word "set", which has a more formal mathematical meaning. So we create <span>a set that we usually denote by capital omega. That set is called the sample space and is the set of all possible outcomes of our experiment. The elements of that set should have certa







    Flashcard 1645296094476

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    The expression to the left of the vertical bar represents [...] and the expression to the right of the vertical bar represents [...]
    Answer
    the event

    the condition.

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    Subject 2. Unconditional, Conditional, and Joint Probabilities
    total more than 8 (6,3; 6,4; 6,5; 6,6). The probability of a total greater than 8, given that the first dice is 6, is therefore 4/6 = 2/3. More formally, this probability can be written as: P(total>8 | Dice 1 = 6) = 2/3. In this equation, <span>the expression to the left of the vertical bar represents the event and the expression to the right of the vertical bar represents the condition. Thus, it would be read as "The probability that the total is greater than 8, given that Dice 1 is 6, is 2/3." In more abstract form, P(A|B) is the probability of event A given







    Flashcard 1645424020748

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question

    multiplication rule for probabilities:

    Answer
    P(AB) = P(A|B) x P(B)

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    Subject 2. Unconditional, Conditional, and Joint Probabilities
    nction of two random variables, X and Y, gives the probability of joint occurrences of the values of X and Y. If we know the conditional probability P(A|B) and we want to know the joint probability P(AB), we can use the following <span>multiplication rule for probabilities: P(AB) = P(A|B) x P(B) Example 1 If someone draws a card at random from a deck and then, without replacing the first card, draws a second card, what is the probability that both card







    Flashcard 1645888277772

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question

    addition rule for probabilities.

    Answer
    P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(AB)

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    Subject 3. Addition Rule for Probabilities: the Probability that at Least One of Two Events Will Occur
    use of the word "or," the key to this rule. The "or" is what we call an "inclusive or." In other words, either one event can occur or both events can occur. Such probabilities are calculated using the <span>addition rule for probabilities. P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(AB) The logic behind this formula is that when P(A) and P(B) are added, the occasions on which A and B both occur are counted twice. To adjust for this, P(AB) is subtracted. &#







    Flashcard 1645908725004

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    [...] : the occurrence of one event is related to the probability of the occurrence of the other.
    Answer
    dependent events

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    Subject 4. Multiplication Rule for Independent Events
    ffect the probability of getting heads on the second flip. Therefore, the event of getting heads on the second flip is independent of the event of getting heads on the first flip. When two events are not independent, they must be <span>dependent: the occurrence of one is related to the probability of the occurrence of the other. If we are trying to forecast one event, information about a dependent event will be useful but information about an independent event will not be useful. Examp







    Flashcard 1646937115916

    Question
    [...], in mathematics, a number or algebraic expression that divides another number or expression evenly—i.e., with no remainder.
    Answer
    Factor

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    Factor, in mathematics, a number or algebraic expression that divides another number or expression evenly—i.e., with no remainder.

    Original toplevel document

    https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=factor%2Bmeaning%2Bmathematics&amp;rlz=1C5CHFA_enMX588MX588&amp;oq=factor%2Bmeaning%2Bmathematics&amp;aqs=chrome..69i57j0.5916j0j1&amp;sourceid=chrome&amp;ie=UTF-8
    istorySearch help Tools Any time Any time Past hour Past 24 hours Past week Past month Past year Custom range... Customised date range From To All results All results Verbatim About 24,400,000 results (0.52 seconds) Search Results <span>Factor, in mathematics, a number or algebraic expression that divides another number or expression evenly—i.e., with no remainder. For example, 3 and 6 are factors of 12 because 12 ÷ 3 = 4 exactly and 12 ÷ 6 = 2 exactly. factor | mathematics | Britannica.com https://www.britannica.com/topic/factor-mathematics







    Flashcard 1647755267340

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    E(X)=
    Answer
    \(E(X) = {\displaystyle\sum_{i=1}^{n} P(Xi)Xi}\)

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    Flashcard 1648902409484

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    How do you short the term Prior Probabilities?
    Answer
    Priors

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    Flashcard 1648908176652

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    An updated probability that reflects or comes after new information.
    Answer
    Posterior probability

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    Flashcard 1648998092044

    Tags
    #reading-9-probability-concepts
    Question
    • 4! = [...]
      Answer
      4 × 3 × 2 × 1 = 24

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      Flashcard 1652306873612

      Tags
      #reading-9-probability-concepts
      Question
      If variance is 0, this means there [...]
      Answer
      is no dispersion or risk.

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      Expected value
      Variance is a number greater than or equal to 0 because it is the sum of squared terms. If variance is 0, there is no dispersion or risk. The outcome is certain, and the quantity X is not random at all. Variance greater than 0 indicates dispersion of outcomes. Increasing variance indicates increasing dispersion, all else







      Flashcard 1652322077964

      Tags
      #reading-9-probability-concepts
      Question
      Do permutations take into account all possible orderings of items?
      Answer
      Yes

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      Regarding counting, there can never be more combinations than permutations for the same problem, because permutations take into account all possible orderings of items, whereas combinations do not.

      Original toplevel document

      Subject 10. Principles of Counting
      he ten stocks you are analyzing and invest $10,000 in one stock and $20,000 in another stock, how many ways can you select the stocks? Note that the order of your selection is important in this case. 10 P 2 = 10!/(10 - 2)! = 90 <span>Note that there can never be more combinations than permutations for the same problem, because permutations take into account all possible orderings of items, whereas combinations do not. <span><body><html>







      Flashcard 1652342263052

      Tags
      #reading-9-probability-concepts
      Question
      The combination formula is also called the [...]
      Answer
      binomial formula

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      >A combination is a listing in which the order of listing does not matter. This describes the number of ways that we can choose r objects from a total of n objects, where the order in which the r objects is listed does not matter (The combination formula, or the binomial formula): <body><html>

      Original toplevel document

      Subject 10. Principles of Counting
      nlike the multiplication rule, factorial involves only a single group. It involves arranging items within a group, and the order of the arrangement does matter. The arrangement of ABCDE is different from the arrangement of ACBDE. <span>A combination is a listing in which the order of listing does not matter. This describes the number of ways that we can choose r objects from a total of n objects, where the order in which the r objects is listed does not matter (The combination formula, or the binomial formula): For example, if you select two of the ten stocks you are analyzing, how many ways can you select the stocks? 10! / [(10 - 2)! x 2!] = 45. &







      Flashcard 1652353535244

      Tags
      #reading-9-probability-concepts
      Question
      Looking at the dispersion or variance of portfolio return, we see that the way individual security returns move together or [...] is important.
      Answer
      covary

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      Open it
      To analyze a portfolio’s expected return and variance of return, we must understand these quantities are a function of characteristics of the individual securities’ returns. Looking at the dispersion or variance of portfolio return, we see that the way individual security returns move together or covary is important. To understand the significance of these movements, we need to explore some new concepts, covariance and correlation.







      Flashcard 1652396002572

      Tags
      #reading-9-probability-concepts
      Question
      Do I want to count the number of ways that I can choose r objects from a total of n, when the order in which I list the r objects does not matter? If the answer to these questions is yes, use the [...]
      Answer
      combination formula

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      Counting
      question. Do I want to count the number of ways to apply one of three or more labels to each member of a group? If the answer is yes, use the multinomial formula. If the answer is no, go to the fourth question. <span>Do I want to count the number of ways that I can choose r objects from a total of n, when the order in which I list the r objects does not matter (can I give the r objects a label)? If the answer to these questions is yes, the combination formula applies. If the answer is no, go to the fifth question. Do I want to count the number of ways I can choose r objects from a total of n, when the order in which I list the r objec







      Flashcard 1655394143500

      Tags
      #reading-10-common-probability-distributions
      Question

      For any random variable, it is necessary to know two things:

      • the list of all possible values that the random variable can take on.
      • the [...] .
      Answer
      probability of each value occurring

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      Subject 1. Basic Definitions
      rn depends on the desired number of decimal spaces. Statistics computed from discrete variables are continuous. The mean on a five-point scale could be 3.117 even though 3.117 is not possible for an individual score. <span>For any random variable, it is necessary to know two things: the list of all possible values that the random variable can take on. the probability of each value occurring. These give a probability distribution. The first item on the list is called the range. With regard to the range of possible outcomes of a specified random variable: &#







      Flashcard 1656383212812

      Tags
      #reading-8-statistical-concepts-and-market-returns
      Question
      What is Deviation?
      Answer
      The distance between the mean and an observation in the data set.

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      Subject 4. Measures of Center Tendency
      thmetic mean computation. A data set has only one arithmetic mean. This indicates that the mean is unique. The arithmetic mean is the only measure of central tendency where the sum of the deviations of each value from the mean is always zero. <span>Deviation from the arithmetic mean is the distance between the mean and an observation in the data set. The arithmetic mean has the following disadvantages: The mean can be affected by extremes, that is, unusually large or small values. The mean cannot be determi







      Flashcard 1706274983180

      Tags
      #analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #fra-introduction #reading-22-financial-statement-analysis-intro #study-session-7
      Question
      For whom is financial reporting providing information?
      Answer
      for use by parties both internal and external

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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      The role of financial reporting is to provide information about a company's financial position and performance for use by parties both internal and external to the company.

      Original toplevel document

      Subject 1. The Roles of Financial Reporting and Financial Statement Analysis
      The role of financial reporting is to provide information about a company's financial position and performance for use by parties both internal and external to the company. Financial statements are issued by management, who is responsible for their form and content. The role of financial statement analysis, on the other hand, is to take these







      Flashcard 1706416540940

      Tags
      #cfa-level-1 #corporate-finance #reading-35-capital-budgeting #study-session-10
      Question
      If the company can repay its sources of capital and save a cost of r, then r is the company’s [...]
      Answer
      opportunity cost of funds.

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      Open it
      If the company can invest elsewhere and earn a return of r, or if the company can repay its sources of capital and save a cost of r, then r is the company’s opportunity cost of funds.

      Original toplevel document

      3. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CAPITAL BUDGETING
      he “required rate of return.” The required rate of return is the discount rate that investors should require given the riskiness of the project. This discount rate is frequently called the “opportunity cost of funds” or the “cost of capital.” <span>If the company can invest elsewhere and earn a return of r, or if the company can repay its sources of capital and save a cost of r, then r is the company’s opportunity cost of funds. If the company cannot earn more than its opportunity cost of funds on an investment, it should not undertake that investment. Unless an investment earns more than the cost of funds from







      Flashcard 1706419424524

      Tags
      #analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #fra-introduction #reading-22-financial-statement-analysis-intro #study-session-7
      Question
      Who is responsible for the form and content of a company's Financial statements?

      Answer
      management

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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      Financial statements are issued by management, who is responsible for their form and content.

      Original toplevel document

      Subject 1. The Roles of Financial Reporting and Financial Statement Analysis
      The role of financial reporting is to provide information about a company's financial position and performance for use by parties both internal and external to the company. Financial statements are issued by management, who is responsible for their form and content. The role of financial statement analysis, on the other hand, is to take these financial statements and other information to evaluate the company's past, current, and prosp







      Flashcard 1706423094540

      Tags
      #analyst-notes #cfa-level-1 #fra-introduction #reading-22-financial-statement-analysis-intro #study-session-7
      Question
      Having enough cash available to pay debts when they are due is reffered to as [...]
      Answer
      Liquidity

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      Open it
      Liquidity refers to the "nearness to cash" of assets and liabilities, or having enough cash available to pay debts when they are due.

      Original toplevel document

      Subject 2. Major Financial Statements
      creditors. Equity ownership is the owner's investments and the total earnings retained from the commencement of the company. Equity represents the source of financing provided to the company by the owners. <span>Cash Flow Statement The primary purpose of the cash flow statement is to provide information about a company's cash receipts and cash payments during a period. It reports the cash receipts and cash outflows classified according to operating, investment, and financing activities. The cash flow statement is useful because it provides answers to the following simple yet important questions: Where did the cash come from during the period? What was the cash used for during the period? What was the change in the cash balance during the period? The statement's value is that it helps users evaluate liquidity, solvency, and financial flexibility. Liquidity refers to the "nearness to cash" of assets and liabilities, or having enough cash available to pay debts when they are due. Solvency refers to the company's ability to pay its debts as they mature. Cash flows reflect the company's liquidity and long-term solvency. Financial flexibility refers to a company's ability to respond and adapt to financial adversity and unexpected needs and opportunities. For example, cash flow information can be used to evaluate the effects of major investment and financing decisions. The details of income statements, balance sheets and cash flow statements will be covered in Study Session 8. Statement of Changes in Owners' Equity This statement reports the amounts and sources of changes in equity from capital transactions with owners.







      Flashcard 1708344872204

      Tags
      #2-corporate-governance-overview #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      Which 2 theories are involved in CG?
      Answer
      Shareholder and Stakeholder theories

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      Flashcard 1708347755788

      Tags
      #3-stakeholders-groups #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      A particular shareholder or block of shareholders holding a percentage of shares that gives them significant voting power.
      Answer
      Controlling Shareholders

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      Flashcard 1708349590796

      Tags
      #3-stakeholders-groups #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      A particular shareholder or block of shareholders holding a small proportion of a company’s outstanding shares, resulting in a limited ability to exercise control in voting activities.
      Answer
      Minority Shareholders

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      Flashcard 1708445273356

      Tags
      #3-company-stakeholders #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      A relationship in which a principal hires an agent to perform a particular task or service.
      Answer
      Principal-Agent relationship

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      Flashcard 1708447370508

      Tags
      #3-company-stakeholders #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      also known as an agency relationship.
      Answer
      Principal-Agent relationship

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      Flashcard 1708457594124

      Tags
      #3-company-stakeholders #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      A shareholder voting process in which shareholders receive one vote for each share owned.
      Answer
      Straight Voting

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      Flashcard 1708460739852

      Tags
      #3-company-stakeholders #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      How is a multiple-class structure traditionally called when there are two share classes?
      Answer
      dual-class structure

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      Flashcard 1708467293452

      Tags
      #3-company-stakeholders #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      How do creditors exert control in a company?
      Answer
      With Covenants that restrict activities to borrower.

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      Flashcard 1708469128460

      Tags
      #3-company-stakeholders #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      In this reading, unless specified otherwise, the term “board” refers to the [...] in a one-tier structure and the [...] in a two-tier structure.
      Answer
      The single board of directors

      supervisory board

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      Flashcard 1708523916556

      Tags
      #4-stakeholders-management #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      The identification, prioritization, and understanding of the interests of stakeholder groups, and managing the company’s relationships with these groups.
      Answer

      STAKEHOLDER MANAGEMENT


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      Flashcard 1708526537996

      Tags
      #4-1-overview-of-stakeholders-management #4-stakeholders-management #4.2-mechanisms-of-stakeholder-management #4.2.1-general-meetings #reading-34-corporate-governance-and-esg-intro
      Question
      The general meetings are also known as [...]
      Answer

      general assemblies


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      Flashcard 1708780555532

      Tags
      #1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction
      Question
      [...] is a common thread found in many company failures.
      Answer
      Weak Corporate Governance

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Introduction
      Weak CG is a common thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples







      Flashcard 1708782914828

      Tags
      #1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction
      Question
      Some examples of problems in a weak CG are:

      A lack of [...]

      inadequate protection for [...] , and

      incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking
      Answer
      proper oversight by the board of directors

      minority shareholders

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Introduction
      Weak CG is a common thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples of problems. Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. In response to these company failures, regulations







      Flashcard 1708785274124

      Tags
      #1-introduction #reading-32-corporate-governance-and-esg-an-introduction
      Question
      Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to [...] .
      Answer
      the 2008–2009 global financial crisis

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Introduction
      ommon thread found in many company failures. A lack of proper oversight by the board of directors, inadequate protection for minority shareholders, and incentives at companies that promote excessive risk taking are a few examples of problems. <span>Poor corporate governance practices have been cited as significantly contributing to the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. In response to these company failures, regulations have been introduced to promote stronger governance practices and protect financial markets and investors. Academics, polic







      Flashcard 1710316981516

      Tags
      #reading-1-ethics-and-trust-in-the-investment-profession
      Question

      Beliefs are assumptions or thoughts we [...]

      Answer
      hold to be true.

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      Flashcard 1710318816524

      Tags
      #reading-1-ethics-and-trust-in-the-investment-profession
      Question

      [...] are assumptions or thoughts we hold to be true.

      Answer
      Beliefs

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      Flashcard 1710320651532

      Tags
      #reading-1-ethics-and-trust-in-the-investment-profession
      Question

      Our beliefs form our [...]

      Answer
      values

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Flashcard 1710323272972

      Tags
      #reading-1-ethics-and-trust-in-the-investment-profession
      Question

      Values are [...]

      Answer
      things we consider to have worth.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Flashcard 1710325107980

      Tags
      #reading-1-ethics-and-trust-in-the-investment-profession
      Question

      Ethos means [...]

      Answer
      character

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Flashcard 1710335593740

      Tags
      #six-tips-for-working-with-the-brain
      Question
      [...] are the key to moving conceptual learning into memory.
      Answer
      Retrievals

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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      Although retrievals are the key to moving conceptual learning into memory, repetition is the key for habit design.

      Original toplevel document

      Unknown title
      as links to TED Talks, articles, and assignments to further hone their skills. This blended approach allows me to create three retrievals spaced with sleep, and it also starts to build the habits of the behaviors I am trying to cultivate. <span>Tip #6: Be a habit designer Ultimately, the goal of most learning activities is behavior change. No matter the topic, we are trying to elicit new and better behaviors in the learner. Charles Duhigg's The Power of Habit changed the way I see my work. He shares the science of how the basal ganglia in the brain builds habit loops that include a cue or trigger, the routine of behavior, and the reward for completing that routine. Over time, habits become well-grooved neural pathways that almost happen on autopilot, for example how you currently log in to your computer or how you get to work. When we are trying to create behavior change, we need to think about the habits that are currently in place and how to design new, better habits that will be more compelling than the comfort of the current ones. I now think of myself as a habit designer. All of my learning design starts with identifying the habit loop I hope to instill, and I work backward from there. Although retrievals are the key to moving conceptual learning into memory, repetition is the key for habit design. The more we fire neurons together, the stronger that neural pathway becomes, to the point that researchers can measure the neurons growing thicker. As talent development professionals, we are in the business of cultivating potential. Your organization as a whole—as well as every person in it—have unrealized ability, and your job is to cultivate that potential through the learning experiences you create. Work with the natural processes of the brain and nervous system to maximize the impact of your great work. Brain Science Resources Brain science is a burgeoning field and, within it, you will find a wide range of defined specialties from neurology to psychology to biology. This is a lis







      Flashcard 1713011821836

      Tags
      #reading-1-code-of-ethics-and-spc
      Question
      A profession may adopt [...] to enhance and clarify the code of ethics.
      Answer
      standards of conduct

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      Flashcard 1713608985868

      Tags
      #html #programming
      Question
      Mayweather en una patineta comiendo capsulas con clingfilm en la espalda y con un plumón apunta en un cuaderno
      Answer
      HTML consists of a series of elements, which you use to enclose, wrap, or mark up different parts of the content to make it appear or act a certain way.

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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      HTML consists of a series of elements, which you use to enclose, wrap, or mark up different parts of the content to make it appear or act a certain way.

      Original toplevel document

      Getting started with HTML - Learn web development | MDN
      is HTML? HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is not a programming language; it is a markup language used to tell your browser how to structure the webpages you visit. It can be as complicated or as simple as the web developer wishes it to be. <span>HTML consists of a series of elements, which you use to enclose, wrap, or mark up different parts of the content to make it appear or act a certain way. The enclosing tags can make a bit of content into a hyperlink to link to another page on the web, italicize words, and so on. For example, take the following line of content: My cat







      Flashcard 1713611345164

      Tags
      #html #programming
      Question
      Tony Hawk patinando en tacones con una etiqueta en la cabeza que tiene dibujada una pastrana, otra etiqueta en el cuello que no lo deja respirar, un cinturon con hebilla de contenedor y una patineta gigante.
      Answer

      The main parts of our element are:

      1. The opening tag
      2. The closing tag
      3. The content
      4. The element

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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element.

      Original toplevel document

      Getting started with HTML - Learn web development | MDN
      d by itself, we could specify that it is a paragraph by enclosing it in a paragraph tag (

      ) element:

      My cat is very grumpy

      Anatomy of an HTML element Let's explore our paragraph element a bit further: The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element. Active learning: creating your first HTML element Edit the line below in the Input area by wrapping it with the tags and (put before it to open







      Flashcard 1713613704460

      Tags
      #html #programming
      Question
      una etiqueta con una pastrana dibujada con una camisetita element colgada de un angel con brackets.
      Answer
      The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element, wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets. This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end o

      Original toplevel document

      Getting started with HTML - Learn web development | MDN
      d by itself, we could specify that it is a paragraph by enclosing it in a paragraph tag (

      ) element:

      My cat is very grumpy

      Anatomy of an HTML element Let's explore our paragraph element a bit further: The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element. Active learning: creating your first HTML element Edit the line below in the Input area by wrapping it with the tags and (put before it to open







      Flashcard 1713616063756

      Tags
      #html #programming
      Question
      La cabeza de slash de G&R saliendo del suello con una etiqueta ahorcandola.
      Answer
      The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. <span>The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element.<span><

      Original toplevel document

      Getting started with HTML - Learn web development | MDN
      d by itself, we could specify that it is a paragraph by enclosing it in a paragraph tag (

      ) element:

      My cat is very grumpy

      Anatomy of an HTML element Let's explore our paragraph element a bit further: The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element. Active learning: creating your first HTML element Edit the line below in the Input area by wrapping it with the tags and (put before it to open







      Flashcard 1713618423052

      Tags
      #html #programming
      Question
      un contenedor
      Answer
      The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. <span>The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element.<span><body><html>

      Original toplevel document

      Getting started with HTML - Learn web development | MDN
      d by itself, we could specify that it is a paragraph by enclosing it in a paragraph tag (

      ) element:

      My cat is very grumpy

      Anatomy of an HTML element Let's explore our paragraph element a bit further: The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element. Active learning: creating your first HTML element Edit the line below in the Input area by wrapping it with the tags and (put before it to open







      Flashcard 1713702571276

      Tags
      #html #programming
      Question
      una patineta
      Answer
      The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      Parent (intermediate) annotation

      Open it
      the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. <span>The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element.<span><body><html>

      Original toplevel document

      Getting started with HTML - Learn web development | MDN
      d by itself, we could specify that it is a paragraph by enclosing it in a paragraph tag (

      ) element:

      My cat is very grumpy

      Anatomy of an HTML element Let's explore our paragraph element a bit further: The main parts of our element are: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, p), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets . This states where the element begins, or starts to take effect — in this case where the start of the paragraph is. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the end of the paragraph is. Failing to include a closing tag is a common beginner error and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case is just text. The element: The opening tag plus the closing tag plus the content equals the element. Active learning: creating your first HTML element Edit the line below in the Input area by wrapping it with the tags and (put before it to open







      Flashcard 1716397935884

      Question
      Artículo 83.- El Poder Legisla tivo será ejercido por
      Answer
      la Asamblea General.

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      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716399508748

      Question
      Artículo 84.- Esta (la Asamblea General) se compondrá de dos Cámaras:
      Answer
      una de Representantes y otra de Senadores, las que actuarán separada o conjuntamente, según las distintas disposiciones de la presente Constitución.

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      Flashcard 1716404751628

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete: 1º) Formar y mandar publicar
      Answer
      los Códigos.

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      Flashcard 1716408159500

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete
      2º) Establecer los Tribunales y arreglar la Administración de
      Answer
      Justicia y de lo Contencioso Administrativo.

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      Flashcard 1716410518796

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete

      3º) Expedir leyes relativas a
      Answer
      la independencia, seguridad, tranquilidad y decoro de la República

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Flashcard 1716413140236

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete
      protección de todos los derechos individuales y fomento de
      Answer
      la ilustración, agricultura, industria, comercio interior y exterior.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Flashcard 1716415761676

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete

      4º) Establecer las contribuciones necesarias para
      Answer
      cubrir los presupuestos, su distribución, el orden de su recaudación e
      inversión, y suprimir, modificar o aumentar las existentes.

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716420480268

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete
      5º) Aprobar o reprobar, en todo o en parte, [...] que presente el Poder Ejecutivo.
      Answer
      las cuentas

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      Flashcard 1716425461004

      Question

      Artículo 85
      A la Asamblea General compete

      6º) Autorizar, a iniciativa del Poder Ejecutivo, [...] , consolidarla, designar sus garantías
      y reglamentar [...] , requiriéndose, en los tres primeros casos, [...] .

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      Flashcard 1716430703884

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      8º) Designar todos los años la fuerza armada necesaria.
      Los efectivos militares sólo podrán ser aumentados por [...] .
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716433587468

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      9º) Crear nuevos Departamentos por [...] ;
      fijar sus límites; habilitar puertos; establecer aduanas y derechos de exportación e importación aplicándose, en
      cuanto a estos últimos, lo dispuesto en el artículo 87; así como declarar de interés nacional zonas turísticas,
      que serán atendidas por el Ministerio respectivo.
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

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      cannot see any pdfs







      Flashcard 1716435946764

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      10) Justificar [...] de las monedas; fijar el tipo
      y denominación de las mismas, y arreglar el sistema de
      pesas y medidas.
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

      cannot see any pdfs







      Flashcard 1716438306060

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      11) Permitir o prohibir [...] , determinando para el primer caso,
      [...] . Se exceptúan las [...] , cuya entrada
      será autorizada por el Poder Ejecutivo.
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

      cannot see any pdfs







      Flashcard 1716440665356

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      12) Negar o conceder [...] , señalando,
      para este caso, el tiempo de su regreso a ella

      [...]
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

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      Flashcard 1716443548940

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      13) Crear o suprimir [...] , determinando sus dotaciones o retiros; y aprobar, reprobar o disminuir
      [...] , acordar pensiones y recompensas pecuniarias o de otra
      clase y decretar honores públicos a los grandes servicios.
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716445908236

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      14) Conceder indultos por [...] la
      Asamblea General en reunión de ambas Cámaras,

      y acordar amnistías en casos extraordinarios, por [...] Cámara.
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716448791820

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      15) Hacer los reglamentos de milicias y determinar [...] en que deben reunirse.
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716451151116

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      16) Elegir el lugar [...] las primeras autoridades de la Nación.

      [...]
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
      repetition number in this series0memorised on               scheduled repetition               
      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

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      Flashcard 1716454034700

      Question
      Artículo 85.- A la Asamblea General compete:

      17) Conceder monopolios, requiriéndose para ello [...] .
      Para instituirlos en favor del Estado o de los Gobiernos Departamentales, se requerirá
      [...] .

      [...]
      Answer
      [default - edit me]

      statusnot learnedmeasured difficulty37% [default]last interval [days]               
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      scheduled repetition interval               last repetition or drill

      pdf

      cannot see any pdfs