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on 11-May-2016 (Wed)

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Flashcard 1333594295564

Tags
#urology
Question
With a [...] you can have initial retension of urine from detrusor areflexia due to spinal shock
Answer
With a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) you can have initial retension of urine from detrusor areflexia due to spinal shock

NB: CVA = stroke


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps.
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles).
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.

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Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal).
May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).

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Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)

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Aortic insufficiency:
chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.

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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Post‐inflammatory mitral valvular stenosis -> “Fish mouth” deformity of Mitral valve.

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Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.

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Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture

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Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx)
-even after healing, can end up with healed perforation
-septic vegetations can be very destructive

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Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)

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mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration

pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves

most common = bi-leaflet

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Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)

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Natural History

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Flashcard 1343457725708

[unknown IMAGE 1343459036428]
Tags
#2015 #book-2 #cfa #cfa-level-1 #economics #has-images #schweser
Question
When price of Good X decreases, we can have 3 possible outcomes. What is the name of this outcome? Just describe.


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Flashcard 1343463492876

[unknown IMAGE 1343464803596]
Tags
#2015 #book-2 #cfa #cfa-level-1 #economics #has-images #schweser
Question
When price of Good X decreases, we can have 3 possible outcomes. What is the name of this outcome? Just describe.


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Flashcard 1343604264204

Question
[...] valves are leaflets not cusps.
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles).
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
Atrioventricular


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility

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Flashcard 1343605837068

Question
Atrioventricular valves are [...] not cusps.
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles).
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
leaflets


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility is passive – chorda

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343607409932

Question
Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not [...].
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles).
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
cusps


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility is passive – chorda and papil

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343608982796

Question
Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps.
Both valves have [...].
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles).
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
partial annuli (ring structure)


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.</sp

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343610555660

Question
Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps.
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the [...].
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles)


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343612128524

Question
Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps.
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus ([...]).
Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
chorda and papillary muscles


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343613701388

Question
Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps.
Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure).
Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles).
Mobility is [...] – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.
Answer
passive


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Atrioventricular valves are leaflets not cusps. Both valves have partial annuli (ring structure). Valves are attached to the subvalvular apparatus (chorda and papillary muscles). Mobility is passive – chorda and papillary muscles tether and provide structural support.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343616060684

Question
Valvular disease can be acute ([...]) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal).
May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).
Answer
endocarditis


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Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease. It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impe

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343617633548

Question
Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic ([...]) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal).
May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).
Answer
chronic rheumatic valvulitis


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Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease. It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together a

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343619206412

Question
Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. [...]).
May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).
Answer
MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal


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Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease. It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal). May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343620779276

Question
Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c [...]).
May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).
Answer
impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal


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Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease. It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal). May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).<html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343622352140

Question
Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal).
May be associated with [...].
Answer
systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome)


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vulitis) disease. It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal). May be associated with <span>systemic conditions (e.g. Marfan Syndrome).<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343623925004

Question
Valvular disease can be acute (endocarditis) or chronic (chronic rheumatic valvulitis) disease.
It can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal).
May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. [...]).
Answer
Marfan Syndrome


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can be a primary disease or secondary to some other pathological process (e.g. MR with atherosclerotic heart disease b/c impedes ability of leaflets to come together and form a good seal). May be associated with systemic conditions (e.g. <span>Marfan Syndrome).<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343626284300

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the [...]
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)
Answer
valve


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Aortic Insufficiency is associated with: -Lesions of the valve -Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insuf

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343627857164

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with [...] causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)
Answer
adjoining ascending aorta


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Aortic Insufficiency is associated with: -Lesions of the valve -Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with left vent

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343629430028

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing [...] and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)
Answer
annular dilatation


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Aortic Insufficiency is associated with: -Lesions of the valve -Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and rem

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343631002892

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and [...]
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)
Answer
loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)


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Aortic Insufficiency is associated with: -Lesions of the valve -Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343632575756

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-[...]
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)
Answer
Acute or chronic insufficiency


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Aortic Insufficiency is associated with: -Lesions of the valve -Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343634148620

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with [...] and remodelling (esp. dilatation)
Answer
left ventricular hypertrophy


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Lesions of the valve -Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with <span>left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. dilatation)<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343635721484

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and [...]
Answer
remodelling (esp. dilatation)


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s with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and <span>remodelling (esp. dilatation)<span><body><html>

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343637294348

Question
Aortic Insufficiency is associated with:
-Lesions of the valve
-Lesions with adjoining ascending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away)
-Acute or chronic insufficiency
-Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. [...])
Answer
dilatation


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scending aorta causing annular dilatation and loss of sufficient coapting of valve cusps (valves get moved farther and farther away) -Acute or chronic insufficiency -Associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling (esp. <span>dilatation)<span><body><html>

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Flashcard 1343639653644

Question
Aortic insufficiency:
[...] or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.
Answer
chronic aortitis


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Aortic insufficiency: chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343641226508

Question
Aortic insufficiency:
chronic aortitis or [...] often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.
Answer
aortopathy


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Aortic insufficiency: chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343642799372

Question
Aortic insufficiency:
chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with [...]. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.
Answer
ascending aortic aneurysms


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Aortic insufficiency: chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343644372236

Question
Aortic insufficiency:
chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the [...] apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.
Answer
root


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Aortic insufficiency: chronic aortitis or aortopathy often associated with ascending aortic aneurysms. The aneurysm pulls the root apart so valve cusps can't touch each other.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343646731532

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is [...]. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
chronic rheumatic valvulitis


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.<

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343648304396

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. [...] of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
Fibrous thickening


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343649877260

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of [...] with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
leaflets


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Flashcard 1343651450124

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with [...], shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
thickening


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Flashcard 1343653022988

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, [...] and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
shortening


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Flashcard 1343654595852

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and [...] of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
fusion


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Flashcard 1343656168716

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of [...] (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
chordae tendinae


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343657741580

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of [...]) – commissural fusion also common.
Answer
fibrous tissue thickening


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Flashcard 1343659314444

Question
Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – [...] also common.
Answer
commissural fusion


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Mitral stenosis: most common cause is chronic rheumatic valvulitis. Fibrous thickening of leaflets with thickening, shortening and fusion of chordae tendinae (as consequence of fibrous tissue thickening) – commissural fusion also common.

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Flashcard 1343661673740

Question
[...] -> “Fish mouth” deformity of Mitral valve.
Answer
Post‐inflammatory mitral valvular stenosis


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Post‐inflammatory mitral valvular stenosis -> “Fish mouth” deformity of Mitral valve.

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Flashcard 1343663246604

Question
Post‐inflammatory mitral valvular stenosis -> [...] deformity of Mitral valve.
Answer
“Fish mouth”


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Post‐inflammatory mitral valvular stenosis -> “Fish mouth” deformity of Mitral valve.

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Flashcard 1343665605900

Question
[...] can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.
Answer
Mitral Stenosis


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Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.

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Flashcard 1343667178764

Question
Mitral Stenosis can be associated with [...], mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.
Answer
enlarged left atrium


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Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.

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Flashcard 1343668751628

Question
Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, [...], pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.
Answer
mural thrombi


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Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.

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Flashcard 1343670324492

Question
Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, [...] and arrhythmias.
Answer
pulmonary hypertension


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Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.

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Flashcard 1343671897356

Question
Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and [...].
Answer
arrhythmias


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Mitral Stenosis can be associated with enlarged left atrium, mural thrombi, pulmonary hypertension and arrhythmias.

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Flashcard 1343674256652

Question
Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: [...], Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture
Answer
Mitral annular calcification


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Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture

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Flashcard 1343675829516

Question
Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, [...], Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture
Answer
Ischemic mitral regurgitation


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Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture

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Flashcard 1343678975244

Question
Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, [...], Papillary muscle rupture
Answer
Endocarditis


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Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture

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Flashcard 1343680548108

Question
Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, [...]
Answer
Papillary muscle rupture


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Other causes for mitral insufficiency include: Mitral annular calcification, Ischemic mitral regurgitation, Cardiac myxoma interfering with valve orifice, Endocarditis, Papillary muscle rupture

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Flashcard 1343682907404

Question
Infectious Endocarditis: [...] -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx)
-even after healing, can end up with healed perforation
-septic vegetations can be very destructive
Answer
aortic valve vegetations


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Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx) -even after healing, can end up with healed perforation -septic vegetations can be very destructive

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Flashcard 1343684480268

Question
Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> [...] (might get better with abx)
-even after healing, can end up with healed perforation
-septic vegetations can be very destructive
Answer
abn functioning cusps


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Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx) -even after healing, can end up with healed perforation -septic vegetations can be very destructive

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Flashcard 1343686053132

Question
Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps ([...])
-even after healing, can end up with healed perforation
-septic vegetations can be very destructive
Answer
might get better with abx


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Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx) -even after healing, can end up with healed perforation -septic vegetations can be very destructive

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343687625996

Question
Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx)
-even after healing, can end up with [...]
-septic vegetations can be very destructive
Answer
healed perforation


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Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx) -even after healing, can end up with healed perforation -septic vegetations can be very destructive

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343689198860

Question
Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx)
-even after healing, can end up with healed perforation
-[...] can be very destructive
Answer
septic vegetations


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Infectious Endocarditis: aortic valve vegetations -> abn functioning cusps (might get better with abx) -even after healing, can end up with healed perforation -septic vegetations can be very destructive

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343691558156

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis ([...] endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
marantic


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Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but o

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Flashcard 1343693131020

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are [...] and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
sterile


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Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin

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Flashcard 1343694703884

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and [...]. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
non‐inflamed


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Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancer

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Flashcard 1343696276748

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are [...] and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
smaller


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Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular dis

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Flashcard 1343697849612

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy [...]. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
underlying structures


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Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks en

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Flashcard 1343699422476

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with [...] or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
hypercoagulable state


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l thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with <span>hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)<span><body><html>

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Flashcard 1343700995340

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or [...] or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)
Answer
mucin secreting cancers


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(marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or <span>mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)<span><body><html>

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Flashcard 1343704141068

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or [...]
Answer
collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)


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itral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or <span>collagen vascular disease (e.g. lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)<span><body><html>

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Flashcard 1343705713932

Question
Non‐bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (marantic endocarditis): Mitral valve vegetations are sterile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. [...])
Answer
lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis


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ile and non‐inflamed. Vegetations are smaller and doesn't destroy underlying structures. Forms as consequence of multiple conditions but often associated with hypercoagulable state or mucin secreting cancers or collagen vascular disease (e.g. <span>lupus – called Limban‐Sacks endocarditis)<span><body><html>

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Flashcard 1343708073228

Question
mechanical valves generally put in [...] pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration

pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves

most common = bi-leaflet
Answer
younger


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mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanic

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Flashcard 1343709646092

Question
mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form [...] tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration

pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves

most common = bi-leaflet
Answer
fibrous


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mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves most common = bi-leaflet</s

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Flashcard 1343711218956

Question
mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & [...], which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration

pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves

most common = bi-leaflet
Answer
calcium


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mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves most common = bi-leaflet</

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Flashcard 1343712791820

Question
mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of
[...]
pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves

most common = bi-leaflet
Answer
valve degeneration


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mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves most common = bi-leaflet

Original toplevel document (pdf)

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Flashcard 1343714364684

Question
mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration

pts will need significant [...] with mechanical valves

most common = bi-leaflet
Answer
anticoagulation


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mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves most common = bi-leaflet

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Flashcard 1343715937548

Question
mechanical valves generally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration

pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves

most common = [...]
Answer
bi-leaflet


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erally put in younger pt's because they're more prone to form fibrous tissue & calcium, which leads to acceleration of valve degeneration pts will need significant anticoagulation with mechanical valves most common = <span>bi-leaflet<span><body><html>

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Flashcard 1343718296844

Question
Prosthetic Valve Complications: [...] (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)
Answer
Mechanical valve thrombosis


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Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)

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Flashcard 1343719869708

Question
Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis ([...]), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)
Answer
if not properly anticoagulated


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Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)

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Flashcard 1343721442572

Question
Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), [...] causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)
Answer
Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue)


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Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)

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Flashcard 1343723015436

Question
Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing [...] (slow reaction against foreign object)
Answer
stenosis


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Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)

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Flashcard 1343724588300

Question
Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis ([...])
Answer
slow reaction against foreign object


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Prosthetic Valve Complications: Mechanical valve thrombosis (if not properly anticoagulated), Pannus overgrowth (fibrous tissue) causing stenosis (slow reaction against foreign object)

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"Etyka marksizmu.
Zgadzam się, że komunizm urodził się stokroć bardziej
z obrażonego poczucia moralnego, niż z pragnienia poprawy
bytu materialnego. Sprawiedliwość! - oto jego krzyk.
Nie mogą znieść, że jeden ma pałac a drugi - barłóg.
Nie mogą znieść przede wszystkim, że jeden ma możliwość
rozwoju a drugi nie ma - że jeden ją ma kosztem drugiego.
To nie zawiść, to żądza słusznego prawa."

Witold Gombrowicz, Dziennik 1953-1956

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"I'd go to your funeral, firmly believing
You'd gone mad
To try to love by not living.

But Margarida,
If this giving of my life to you
Were merely poetry?"

Alvaro de Campos

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